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1.
Food Chem ; 371: 131054, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555708

RESUMO

Freezing technology is important for storage of animal products such as surimi. However, mechanical damage caused by ice crystals would lead to quality deterioration. This study aims to investigate the protective effect of antifreeze peptides (AFPs) on the quality of surimi during freezing storage and its possible mechanism. We found that AFPs exhibited a strong inhibition of ice crystal recrystallization, and the molecular weight ranged from 180 to 3000 Da. AFPs can prevent the degeneration of myofibrillar protein by reducing the loss of Ca2+-ATPase activity, slowing oxidation of sulfhydryl groups to disulfide bonds, and maintaining surface hydrophobicity and solubility of myofibrillar protein. Moreover, AFPs can reduce the influence of freezing stress on water mobility, thereby protecting the surimi from losing immobilized water and bound water during frozen storage. These findings indicate that AFPs could potentially serve as a food ingredient with antifreeze functional for the storage of surimi products.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes , Crioprotetores , Animais , Congelamento , Gelo , Produtos da Carne , Oxirredução , Água
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899950

RESUMO

Methods: Individualized treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) provides a theoretical basis for the study of the personalized classification of complex diseases. Utilizing the TCM clinical electronic medical records (EMRs) of 7170 in patients with IS, a patient similarity network (PSN) with shared symptoms was constructed. Next, patient subgroups were identified using community detection methods and enrichment analyses were performed. Finally, genetic data of symptoms, herbs, and drugs were used for pathway and GO analysis to explore the characteristics of pathways of subgroups and to compare the similarities and differences in genetic pathways of herbs and drugs from the perspective of molecular pathways of symptoms. Results: We identified 34 patient modules from the PSN, of which 7 modules include 98.48% of the whole cases. The 7 patient subgroups have their own characteristics of risk factors, complications, and comorbidities and the underlying genetic pathways of symptoms, drugs, and herbs. Each subgroup has the largest number of herb pathways. For specific symptom pathways, the number of herb pathways is more than that of drugs. Conclusion: The research of disease classification based on community detection of symptom-shared patient networks is practical; the common molecular pathway of symptoms and herbs reflects the rationality of TCM herbs on symptoms and the wide range of therapeutic targets.

3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(12): 4327-4338, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951274

RESUMO

To study the feasibility of simulating the spatial distribution of hydrogen and oxygen stable isotopes composition (δ2H and δ18O) in the surface soil based on the machine learning method and to investigate large-scale distribution of δ2H and δ18O in the upper reaches of Minjiang River, 183 soil samples were collected from the 0-10 cm soil layer. After variable selection, back propagation (BP) neural network, random forests (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) were used to model the δ2H and δ18O of the study area, with the accuracies being evaluated. The structural equation model (SEM) was used to reveal the mechanism between the auxiliary variables and the δ2H and δ18O of soil water. The results showed that the RF model had the highest prediction accuracy, and could explain 75.0% and 64.0% of the variations of δ2H and δ18O in the surface soil, respectively. In this model, soil water content was the most important auxiliary variable, contributing 48.9% and 37.4% to δ2H and δ18O. Vegetation factors had stronger influence on δ2H and δ18O in the surface soil than climate factors, and the influence of climate factors on δ2H and δ18O was media-ted by vegetation factors. Among all the auxiliary variables, hydrogen/oxygen isotope of precipitation had the lowest effect on δ2H and δ18O due to the fractionation. The δ2H and δ18O in the surface soil of the upper reaches of the Minjiang River changed significantly across different months during the growing season. The increases of δ2H and δ18O in the early growing season and the decreases in the late growing season were mainly affected by vegetation, while climate change led to a small fluctuation in the middle growing season.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio , Rios , Hidrogênio/análise , Isótopos de Oxigênio/análise , Solo
4.
Dose Response ; 19(4): 15593258211056190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819815

RESUMO

The carcinogenicity of radon has been convincingly documented through epidemiological studies of underground miners. However, there is a lack of early warning indicators for radon radiation damage. In this study, mixed serum samples of 3 groups were collected from 27 underground uranium miners and seven aboveground miners according to the radiation exposure dose. The differentially expressed proteins in the serum were identified using the isobaric tags for the relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based method. Some differentially expressed proteins were validated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 84 underground and 32 aboveground miners. A total of 25 co-differentially expressed proteins in 2 underground miner groups were screened, of which 9 were downregulated and 13 were upregulated. Biological process analysis of these proteins using Metascape showed that 5 GO terms were enriched, such as negative regulation of very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance, endocytosis, and regulated exocytosis. The results of the ELISA for the expression levels of GCN1, CIP2A, and IGHV1-24 in the serum of 116 miners' serum showed that the levels of GCN1 and CIP2A were consistent with the iTRAQ results. In conclusion, APOC1, APOC2, APOC3, ORM1, ORM2, ANTXR1, GCN1, and CIP2A may be potential early markers of radon radiation damage.

5.
Food Chem ; : 131568, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815112

RESUMO

Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.)Kuntze fruit contains a large number of naturally occurring molecules present as glycoside, methylated, and methyl ester conjugates, which should be hydolysed or transformed to become bioactive forms. For this purpose, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN-3 was selected to ferment Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.)Kuntze fruit juice (EOJ). After fermentation, the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of the EOJ increased significantly compared to the non-fermented EOJ. Using widely-targeted metabolomics analysis, polyphenolic compounds involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway were determined to be up-regulated in the fermented EOJ. In addition, the metabolites generated by 8 deglycosidation, 5 demethylation, 5 hydrogenation, and 28 other reactions were detected in higher concentrations in the fermented EOJ compared to the non-fermented EOJ. Interestingly, these up-regulated metabolites have higher antioxidant and other biological activities than their metabolic precursors, which provide a theoretical basis for the development of Bifidobacterium-fermented plant products with stronger functional activities.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 60(23): 18192-18198, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747597

RESUMO

Luminescent supramolecular hydrogels have shown extensive potential for a variety of applications due to their unique optical properties and biocompatibility. Coordination self-assembly provides a promising strategy for the preparation of supramolecular hydrogels. In this contribution, a series of luminescent lanthanide (Ln) supramolecular hydrogels HG-Ln2nL3n1/2 are synthesized by coordination self-assembly of Ln ions and V shaped bis-tetradentate ligands (H4L1 and H4L2) with different bent angles (∠B). Two rigid conjugated ligands H4L1 and H4L2 with bent angles (∠B ≈ 150°) featuring a 2,6-pyridine bitetrazolate chelating moiety were designed and synthesized, which generated hydrogels via the deprotonation self-assembly with lanthanide ions. Characteristic Eu3+ and Yb3+ emissions were realized in the corresponding hydrogels, with intriguing multi-stimulus response behaviors. The luminescence of the HG-Eu2nL3n1 hydrogel can be enhanced or quenched when stimulated by diverse metal ions, attributed to the replacement of the coordinated lanthanide ions and changes in the intersystem crossing efficiency of the ligand. Furthermore, pH-responsive emission of the HG-Eu2nL3n1 hydrogel has also been observed. Our work provides potential strategies for the design of next-generation smart responsive hydrogel materials with variable structures.

7.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(9): 10685-10693, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nursing effect of deep or shallow sputum suction in the treatment of patients without cough response. METHODS: A total of 144 patients receiving mechanical ventilation without an effective cough reaction were randomly divided into two groups: deep suction group (n=73) and shallow suction group (n=71). Heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, analgesia and sedation score, residual sputum volume, frequency of suction, sputum volume, improvement of phlegm sound, airway bleeding and oxygen before and after intervention were observed. Partial pressure, partial pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygenation index were used to evaluate the effect of two sputum suction methods on patients without an effective cough response. RESULTS: In our study, the fluctuation of vital signs in the deep suction group was significantly higher than that in the shallow suction group. There was a statistical significance between the two groups in the vital signs after nursing intervention (P < 0.05), this mainly manifested in the heart rate, breathing, pulse pressure and airway bleeding. On the other hand, there was no statistical significance between the two groups in pulse oxygen, the Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS score) and the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS score) after nursing intervention (P > 0.05). The sputum suction effect is obviously improved in the deep sputum suction group compared with the shallow sputum suction group after nursing intervention. The improvement score of phlegm sounds in the shallow sputum suction group was (1.8±0.8) points, and that in the deep sputum suction group was (2.2±0.7) points. The analysis of blood gas was significantly improved in the deep suction group compared with the shallow suction group. There was a statistical significance between two groups in blood gas analysis index, such as oxygenation index, PaCO2 and PaO2 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Deep sputum suction has a great effect on the vital signs of patients, but there is not a serious effect on the vital signs. Shallow sputum suction does not effectively clean the airway of patients without a cough response; therefore, patients with a weak cough response need deep sputum suction.

8.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(42): 8779-8792, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635903

RESUMO

Early diagnosis and effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is quite critical for improving patients' prognosis. The combination of second near-infrared window photoacoustic imaging (NIR-II PAI) and T2-magnetic resonance imaging (T2-MRI) is promising for achieving omnibearing information on HCC diagnosis due to the complementary advantages of outstanding optical contrast, high temporospatial resolution and soft-tissue resolution. Thus, the rational design of a multifunctional targeted nanoplatform with outstanding performance in dual-modal NIR-II PAI/T2-MRI is particularly valuable for precise diagnosis and imaging-guided non-invasive photothermal therapy (PTT) of early-stage HCC. Herein, a versatile targeted organic-inorganic hybrid nanoprobe was synthesized as a HCC-specific contrast agent for sensitive and efficient theranostics. The developed multifunctional targeted nanoprobe yielded superior HCC specificity, reliable stability and biocompatibility, high imaging contrast in both NIR-II PAI and T2-MRI, and an excellent photothermal conversion efficiency (74.6%). Furthermore, the theranostic efficiency of the targeted nanoprobe was systematically investigated using the orthotopic early HCC-bearing mice model. The NIR-II PAI exhibited sensitive detection of ultra-small HCCs (diameter less than 1.8 mm) and long-term real-time monitoring of the tumor and nanoprobe targeting process in deep tissues. The T2-MRI demonstrated clear imaging contrast and a spatial relationship between micro-HCC and adjacent structures for a comprehensive description of the tumor. Moreover, when using the targeted nanoprobe, the non-invasively targeted PTT of orthotopic early HCC was carried out under reliable dual-modal imaging guidance with remarkable anti-tumor efficiency and biosafety. This study provides an insight for constructing a multifunctional targeted nanoplatform for precise and comprehensive theranostics of early-stage HCC, which would greatly benefit the patients in the era of precision medicine.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(27): 31624-31634, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219452

RESUMO

Solar steam generation is considered as an efficient way for addressing water shortage issues via seawater desalination and wastewater purification. In a solar evaporator, an absorber would convert optical energy to heat for evaporating nearby water. In this process, many low-boiling-point contaminants can also be evaporated along with water steam, which compromises the effectiveness of purification. There is, so far, no study on the removal of such low-boiling-point contaminants such as organic pesticides in wastewater. To address this problem, we demonstrate a versatile carbon hybrid aerogel (CHA) as a solar powered water purification platform. With an elaborate absorber design, the maximum solar evaporation rate of 2.1 kg m-2 h-1 is achieved under 1 sun illumination. More importantly, CHA can effectively suppress the evaporation of low-boiling-point contaminants including common pesticides and mercury ion via its strong adsorption and retention effect. Synergetic steaming and the adsorption of CHA will inspire more paradigms of solar steam generation technologies for applications relevant to detoxification and water remediation.

10.
Adv Mater ; 33(38): e2102799, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319622

RESUMO

There has been much recent progress in the development of photothermal agents (PTAs) for biomedical and energy applications. Synthesis of organic PTAs typically involves noble metal catalysts and high temperatures. On the other hand, photochemical synthesis, as an alternative and green chemical technology, has obvious merits such as low cost, energy efficiency, and high yields. However, photochemical reactions have rarely been employed for the synthesis of PTAs. Herein, a facile and high-yield photochemical reaction is exploited for synthesizing nonplanar small molecules (NSMs) containing strong Michler's base donors and a tricyanoquinodimethane acceptor as high-performance PTAs. The synthesized NSMs show interesting photophysical properties including good absorption for photons of over 1000 nm wavelength, high near-infrared extinction coefficients, and excellent photothermal performance. Upon assembling the NSMs into nanoparticles (NSMN), they exhibit good biocompatibility, high photostability, and excellent photothermal conversion efficiency of 75%. Excited-state dynamic studies reveal that the NSMN has ultrafast nonradiative decay after photoexcitation. With these unique properties, the NSMN achieves efficient in vivo photoacoustic imaging and photothermal tumor ablation. This work demonstrates the superior potential of photochemical reactions for the synthesis of high-performance molecular PTAs.

11.
Acta Biomater ; 129: 245-257, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082093

RESUMO

Effective and noninvasive diagnosis and prompt treatment of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are urgently needed to reduce its mortality rate. Herein, the integration of high-resolution diagnostic second near-infrared (NIR-II) photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) and imaging-guided targeted photothermal ablation of orthotopic small HCC (SHCC) is presented for the first time, which was enabled by a plasmonic platinum (Pt)-doped polydopamine melanin-mimic nanoagent. As designed, an antibody-modified nanoagent (designated Pt@PDA-c) with a plasmonic blackbody-like NIR absorption and superior photothermal conversion efficiency (71.3%) selectively targeted and killed CXCR4-overexpressing HCC (HepG2) cells, which was validated in in vitro experiments. The targeted accumulation properties of Pt@PDA-c in vivo were previously recognized by demonstrating effective NIR-II PA imaging and photothermal ablation in a subcutaneous HCC mouse model. Subsequently, with real-time quantitative guidance by PACT for the accurate diagnosis of intraabdominal SHCC (approximately 4 mm depth), the effective and noninvasive photothermal ablation of SHCCs was successfully demonstrated in an orthotopic tumor-bearing mouse model without damaging adjacent liver tissues. These results show a great potential of NIR-II PACT-guided noninvasive photothermal therapy as an innovative phototheranostic approach and expand the biomedical applications of melanin-mimic materials. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this paper, we report the first diagnostic NIR-II photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT)-guided noninvasive photothermal ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma (SHCC) located in deep tissues in orthotopic tumor-bearing mice; this process is empowered by a polydopamine-based melanin-mimic tumor-targeting nanoagent doped with plasmonic platinum that provides superior NIR-II (1064 nm) absorption and photothermal conversion efficiency of 71.3%. Following surface modification with anti-CXCR4 antibodies, the nanoagent (namely Pt@PDA-c) can selectively target CXCR4-overexpressed HepG2 carcinoma cells and tumor lesions, and serve as the theranostic agent for both NIR-II PACT-based diagnosis of orthotopic SHCC (diameter less than 5 mm) and efficient NIR-II PTT in vivo. This study may also extend the potential of melanin-derived blackbody materials for optical-biomedical and water distillation applications.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Melaninas , Camundongos , Fototerapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Chem Asian J ; 16(11): 1392-1397, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886167

RESUMO

Herein, we report a comprehensive study on the lanthanide-directed coordination self-assembly with two bis-tetradentate acylhydrazone ligands H4 L1 and H4 L2 . Multifarious outcomes, which are base- and metal-dependent, were revealed by NMR, ESI-TOF-MS and X-ray crystallography. In the absence of base, bent H4 L1 was assembled into dinuclear double-strand helicate Ln2 (H2 L1 )2 by partially-deprotonated assembly with La, Sm or Eu, while trinuclear Ln3 (H2 L1 )3 with Yb or Lu. For linear H4 L2 , infinite 1D zig-zag metal-organic polymeric chain (Ln2 H2 L2 )n was obtained. However, complete deprotonated L1 and L2 assembled into discrete trinuclear Ln3 (L1 /2 )3 and tetranuclear Ln4 (L1 /2 )4 macrocyclic structures under the basic condition. For these, there are multiple possible isomers coexisting in the solution which were enumerated and simulated with molecular mechanic modeling. Visible-light sensitized NIR emissions on the Yb complexes have been observed, endowing them potential application in photofunctional materials.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(14): 15983-15991, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788531

RESUMO

Organic small molecule-based phototheranostics hold great promise for clinical translation by virtue of their distinct chemical structure, easy reproducibility, and high purity. However, reported molecular agents typically have relatively low optical absorbances, particularly over the near-infrared (NIR) region, and this limits their phototheranostic performance. Herein, we first exploit a diradicaloid molecular structure for enhancing NIR absorption to facilitate efficient photoacoustic imaging (PAI)-guided photothermal therapy (PTT). The donor-acceptor interaction in the diradicaloid molecule (DRM) leads to strong charge transfer resulting on obvious diradical characteristics, which is beneficial for NIR absorption. The DRM possesses excellent light-harvesting ability, with a mass extinction coefficient of ∼220 L g-1 cm-1, which is much higher than those (∼5-100 L g-1 cm-1) of typical organic molecules. After assembling into nanoparticles, they show good water dispersibility, good photostability, and impressive performance for PAI-guided PTT in vitro and in vivo. The impressive in vitro and in vivo performances show that developing small molecules with diradicaloid structures can be an effective approach for enhancing NIR harvesting capability for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Terapia Fototérmica , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Células 3T3 , Células A549 , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Humanos , Camundongos , Nanopartículas
14.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(10): e2100055, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738983

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is extensively explored for anticancer and antibacterial applications. It typically relies on oxygen-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to realize its killing effect. This type of therapy modality shows compromised therapeutic results for treating hypoxic tumors or bacteria-infected wounds. Recently, alkyl radicals attracted much attention as they can be generated from some azo-based initiators only under mild heat stimulus without oxygen participation. Many nanocarriers or hydrogel systems have been developed to load and deliver these radical initiators to lesion sites for theranostics. These systems show good anticancer or antimicrobial effect in hypoxic environment and some of them possess specific imaging abilities providing precise guidance for treatment. This review summarizes the developed materials that aim at treating hypoxic cancer and bacteria-infected wound by using this kind of oxygen-irrelevant alkyl radicals. Based on the carrier components, these agents are divided into three groups: inorganic, organic, as well as inorganic and organic hybrid carrier-based therapeutic systems. The construction of these agents and their specific advantages in biomedical field are highlighted. Finally, the existing problems and future promising development directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(21): 11758-11762, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724623

RESUMO

Extensive recent efforts have been put on the design of high-performance organic near-infrared (NIR) photothermal agents (PTAs), especially over NIR-II bio-window (1000-1350 nm). So far, the development is mainly limited by the rarity of molecules with good NIR-II response. Here, we report organic nanoparticles of intermolecular charge-transfer complexes (CTCs) with easily programmable optical absorption. By employing different common donor and acceptor molecules to form CTC nanoparticles (CT NPs), absorption peaks of CT NPs can be controllably tuned from the NIR-I to NIR-II region. Notably, CT NPs formed with perylene and TCNQ have a considerably red-shifted absorption peak at 1040 nm and achieves a good photothermal conversion efficiency of 42 % under 1064 nm excitation. These nanoparticles were used for antibacterial application with effective activity towards both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. This work opens a new avenue into the development of efficient PTAs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/efeitos da radiação , Derivados de Benzeno/química , Derivados de Benzeno/farmacologia , Derivados de Benzeno/efeitos da radiação , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Raios Infravermelhos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanopartículas/efeitos da radiação , Nitrilas/química , Nitrilas/farmacologia , Nitrilas/efeitos da radiação , Perileno/química , Perileno/farmacologia , Perileno/efeitos da radiação , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Compostos Policíclicos/efeitos da radiação , Solubilidade , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletricidade Estática/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/efeitos da radiação , Água/química
16.
Acta Biomater ; 124: 139-152, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524557

RESUMO

Self-healing hydrogel systems usually suffer from poor mechanical performance stemmed from weaker and reversible non-covalent interactions or dynamic chemical bonds, which hamper their practical applications. This issue is addressed by adopting a double-crosslinking design involving both dynamic Schiff base bonds and non-dynamic photo-induced crosslinking. This leads to the formation of a special topological structure which simultaneously provide good self-healing capability and enhanced mechanical performance (elastic recovery and tensile modulus of 157.4 kPa, close to modulus of native skin). The quaternary ammonium and protonated amino groups can provide superior antibacterial capability; and Schiff base formation between residual aldehyde groups and amino groups on tissue surface contribute to hydrogel's adhesion to tissues (5.9 kPa). Furthermore, the multifunctional hydrogels with desirable mechanical performance, self-healing capability, superior antibacterial capability and tissue adhesion can significantly promote healing of infectious cutaneous wound, tissue remodeling and regeneration.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Cicatrização , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Pele
17.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 6(2): 177-185, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443277

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) synergized photothermal therapy (PTT) shows superior clinical application prospects than single PDT or PTT. On the other hand, multimodal imaging can delineate comprehensive information about the lesion site and thus help to improve therapy accuracy. However, integrating all these functions into one single molecule is challenging, let alone balancing and maximizing the efficacy of each function. Herein, a near-infrared (NIR) small molecule (ETTC) with an "acceptor-donor-acceptor" structure was designed and synthesized by coupling rigity and flexibility to simultaneously achieve NIR-II fluorescence imaging (NIR-II FLI), photoacoustic imaging, PTT and PDT. The efficacy of each functionality was well balanced and optimized (NIR-II quantum yield: 3.0%; reactive oxygen species generation: 3.2-fold higher than ICG; photothermal conversion efficiency: 52.8%), which may be attributed to the coupling of the rigid and flexible structures in ETTC to tactically manipulate the energy dissipation paths (non-radiative against radiative decay). As a proof-of-concept, under the effective guidance of local-tumor imaging by PA and whole-body imaging by NIR-II FL, complete tumor eradication was achieved via PDT and PTT combinational therapy. This work provides a novel perspective into conceiving and developing single molecule for efficient versatile biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Corantes Fluorescentes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tiofenos/uso terapêutico , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Terapia Fototérmica/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Tiofenos/síntese química , Tiofenos/toxicidade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 199(4): 1405-1413, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32607765

RESUMO

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of zinc oxide/zeolite on growth performance, serum biochemistry, intestinal morphology, and microflora of weaned piglets. Two hundred and fifty-six weaned piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Large) at 21 days of age were randomly assigned to 2 groups with 8 replicates and 16 piglets in each pen. The diets of high dose of zinc oxide group (HD-ZnO) supplemented with 1500 mg/kg zinc as zinc oxide, but the diet of experimental group supplemented with 500 mg/kg zinc as zinc oxide that supported on zeolite (SR-ZnO). The experiment was conducted for 2 weeks after weanling. The results showed replacement of high-dosed zinc oxide by SR-ZnO had no significant effects on growth performance and intestinal morphology. However, the dietary supplementation of SR-ZnO reduced the diarrhea rate (P < 0.05), increased the activity of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (P < 0.01), and tended to reduce zinc release in stomach (P = 0.06) and increase serum total protein (TP) (P = 0.07). Although there were no significant effects in ileal microflora on α diversity, the abundance of Campylobacters was found significantly decreased (P < 0.05), whereas the abundance of Clostridium was increased (P < 0.05) after lower-dosed SR-ZnO replacement. It is revealed that replacement of HD-ZnO (1500 mg/kg) by SR-ZnO (500 mg/kg) in creep feed could improve the zinc bioavailability, regulate the intestinal flora, and alleviate the postweaning diarrhea in weaned piglets. Accordingly, the application of SR-ZnO would reduce the zinc in feed and therefore benefits for the ecological environment.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Zeolitas , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Diarreia/prevenção & controle , Diarreia/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Suínos , Desmame , Zeolitas/farmacologia , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
19.
Environ Toxicol ; 36(2): 257-266, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951314

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is a common therapy method for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treatment; however, radioresistance greatly limits the clinical efficiency and prognosis of NPC patients. Therefore, it is extremely urgent to reveal the underlying mechanism contributing to radioresistance and find possible diagnostic biomarkers. Here, we collected the spheroids formed by NPC cells, which had been confirmed to hold the stem cell-like traits, and found that these spheroids exhibited a certain degree of radioresistance. Additionally, NPC spheroids displayed a certain degree of ferroptosis resistance, as evident by the decrease of iron concentration in lysosomes and lipid peroxides oxygen, and increase of glutathione (GSH) level. Furthermore, we revealed that itraconazole triggered the ferroptosis of NPC spheroids, which is characterized as the increase of iron concentration and lipid peroxides oxygen, and decrease of GSH level, and decreased the cell viability of NPC spheroids. Notably, itraconazole partially reversed the radioresistance of NPC spheroids. Mechanistically, we found that itraconazole can sequester iron in lysosome and thus trigger ferroptosis; this is essential for itraconazole-mediated attenuation on NPC spheroid stemness. Therefore, this study provides evidences showing that itraconazole might be used for killing NPC stem cells and thus attenuate radioresistance.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Itraconazol/farmacologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Tolerância a Radiação/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
Anim Nutr ; 6(3): 362-371, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005770

RESUMO

Diarrhea is considered to be associated with microbial dysbiosis caused by infection of pathogens but poorly understood. We herein characterized the colonic microbiota of diarrheal early-weaning piglets infected with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and Campylobacter. Campylobacter infection significantly decreased species richness and Shannon diversity index of colonic microbiota together with a significant increase in the proportion of Campylobacter and Enterobacteriaceae, whereas no significant difference on the above indexes was observed in piglets infected with PCV2 compared with healthy piglets. PCV2 and Campylobacter infection could disturb the homeostasis of colonic microbiota through deterioration of ecological network within microbial community, and specially Campylobacter performed as a module hub in ecological networks. The microbial dysbiosis caused metabolic dysfunction and led to a remarkable reduction in production of short chain fatty acids, following by a higher pH level in colon cavity. Campylobacter infection disturbed the function of colonic tract barrier observed in terms of significant lower relative expression of claudin-1, occluding, and zonula occludens protein-1 genes, and PCV2 infection induced intestinal inflammation together with a higher permeability of colon. Generally, these results suggested that PCV2 and Campylobacter infection could induce microbial dysbiosis and metabolic dysfunction, and cause intestinal disorder, all of which finally were associated to contribute to the diarrhea of early-weaning piglets.

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