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1.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 866066, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497355

RESUMO

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens is a generally recognized as safe (GRAS) microorganism that presents great potential for the production of heterologous proteins. In this study, we performed genomic and comparative transcriptome to investigate the critical modular in B. amyloliquefaciens on the production of heterologous alkaline proteases (AprE). After investigation, it was concluded that the key modules affecting the production of alkaline protease were the sporulation germination module (Module I), extracellular protease synthesis module (Module II), and extracellular polysaccharide synthesis module (Module III) in B. amyloliquefaciens. In Module I, AprE yield for mutant BA ΔsigF was 25.3% greater than that of BA Δupp. Combining Module I synergistically with mutation of extracellular proteases in Module II significantly increased AprE production by 36.1% compared with production by BA Δupp. In Module III, the mutation of genes controlling extracellular polysaccharides reduced the viscosity and the accumulation of sediment, and increased the rate of dissolved oxygen in fermentation. Moreover, AprE production was 39.6% higher than in BA Δupp when Modules I, II and III were engineered in combination. This study provides modular engineering strategies for the modification of B. amyloliquefaciens for the production of alkaline proteases.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 7177889, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic hyperglycemia-induced inflammation is recognized as the most important pathophysiological process in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). As maresin 1 (MaR1) is an extensive anti-inflammatory lipid mediator, the present study investigated the protective role of MaR1 in the pathogenesis of DKD and its clinical relevance. METHODS: Serum MaR1 concentrations were analyzed in 104 subjects with normal glucose tolerant, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), or DKD. Streptozotocin (STZ) together with high fat diet was used to induce male C57BL/6 J mice into diabetic mice which were treated with MaR1. Human renal tubule epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) were treated by high glucose for glucotoxicity cell model and transfected with LGR6 siRNA for knockdown with MaR1 added,and detected oxidative stress and inflammatory related factors. RESULTS: Serum MaR1 concentrations were significant decreased in T2DM with or without kidney disease compared with normal participant and were lowest in patients with DKD. Serum MaR1 concentrations were negatively correlated with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), duration of diabetes, urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR), neutrophil, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and were positively correlated with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). In mouse model, MaR1 injection alleviated hyperglycemia, UACR and the pathological progression of DKD. Interestingly, the renal expression of LGR6 was down-regulated in DKD and high glucose treated HK-2 cells but up-regulated by MaR1 treatment. Mechanistically, MaR1 alleviated inflammation via LGR6-mediated cAMP-SOD2 antioxidant pathway in DKD mice and high glucose treated HK-2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that decreased serum MaR1 levels were correlated with the development of DKD. MaR1 could alleviate DKD and glucotoxicity-induced inflammation via LGR6-mediated cAMP-SOD2 antioxidant pathway. Thus, our present findings identify MaR1 as a predictor and a potential therapeutic target for DKD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Hiperglicemia , Animais , Antioxidantes , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Feminino , Glucose , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Inflamação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G
3.
Dev Cell ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512702

RESUMO

Understanding the complex functions of plant leaves requires a thorough characterization of discrete cell features. Although single-cell gene expression profiling technologies have been developed, their application in characterizing cell subtypes has not been achieved yet. Here, we present scStereo-seq (single-cell spatial enhanced resolution omics sequencing) that enabled us to show the bona fide single-cell spatial transcriptome profiles of Arabidopsis leaves. Subtle but significant transcriptomic differences between upper and lower epidermal cells have been successfully distinguished. Furthermore, we discovered cell-type-specific gene expression gradients from the main vein to the leaf edge, which led to the finding of distinct spatial developmental trajectories of vascular cells and guard cells. Our study showcases the importance of physical locations of individual cells for exerting complex biological functions in plants and demonstrates that scStereo-seq is a powerful tool to integrate single-cell location and transcriptome information for plant biology study.

4.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 2253-2270, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510160

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper genomics and bioinformatics understanding of diversification of accessory genetic elements (AGEs) in Providencia. Methods: Herein, the complete genome sequences of five Providencia isolates from China were determined, and seven AGEs were identified from the chromosomes. Detailed genetic dissection and sequence comparison were applied to these seven AGEs, together with additional 10 chromosomal ones from GenBank (nine of them came from Providencia). Results: These 17 AGEs were divided into four groups: Tn6512 and its six derivatives, Tn6872 and its two derivatives, Tn6875 and its one derivative, and Tn7 and its four derivatives. These AGEs display high-level diversification in modular structures that had complex mosaic natures, and particularly different multidrug resistance (MDR) regions were presented in these AGEs. At least 52 drug resistance genes, involved in resistance to 15 different categories of antimicrobials and heavy metal, were found in 15 of these 17 AGEs. Conclusion: Integration of these AGEs into the Providencia chromosomes would contribute to the accumulation and distribution of drug resistance genes and enhance the ability of Providencia isolates to survive under drug selection pressure.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559607

RESUMO

Here, we investigated the use of breath-borne volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for rapid monitoring of air pollution health effects on humans. Forty-seven healthy college students were recruited, and their exhaled breath samples (n = 235) were collected and analyzed for VOCs before, on, and after two separate haze pollution episodes using gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). Using a paired t-test and machine learning model (Gradient Boosting Machine, GBM), six exhaled VOC species including propanol and isoprene were revealed to differ significantly among pre-, on-, and post-exposure in both haze episodes, while none was found between clean control days. The GBM model was shown capable of differentiating between pre- and on-exposure to haze pollution with a precision of 90-100% for both haze episodes. However, poor performance was detected for the same model between two different clean days. In addition to gender and particular haze occurrence influences, correlation analysis revealed that NH4+, NO3-, acetic acid, mesylate, CO, NO2, PM2.5, and O3 played important roles in the changes in breath-borne VOC fingerprints following haze air pollution exposure. This work has demonstrated direct evidence of human health impacts of haze pollution while identifying potential breath-borne VOC biomarkers such as propanol and isoprene for haze air pollution exposure.

6.
Appl Bionics Biomech ; 2022: 6988237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572056

RESUMO

At present, malignant tumor stratification based on the TNM stage is very important for predicting patient prognosis and selecting appropriate treatment. The prognostic factor of ureter urothelial carcinoma is mainly based on the stage according to AJCC (8th) TNM classification. None of the histomorphologic features is recommended to assess patient's prognosis. Recently, a novel three-tiered grading system based on tumor budding and the cell nest size (referred as TBNS system) has been applied to be highly prognostic for some squamous cell carcinomas, including esophageal, pulmonary, uterine cervix cancer, and endocervical endocarcinoma. In this study, we explored the application of this TBNS grading system in ureter urothelial carcinoma consisting 87 surgically resected cases and no neoadjuvant therapy. Tumor budding and the cell nest size were assessed and correlated with clinicopathological data and survival. The results showed that higher tumor budding, cell nest size, and TBNS grading system were strongly related to shorter overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and disease-free survival (DFS). Multivariate survival analysis showed the TBNS grading system to be closely related to the independent prognosis of DFS and DSS. In conclusion, the TBNS grading system based on tumor budding and cell nest size, if further validated, could satisfactorily predict the prognosis of uterine urothelial carcinoma and be applicable in routine pathologic description of this cancer type.

7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7680, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538108

RESUMO

We aimed to provide objectively measured sleep parameters across lifespan by sex and race in a national representative sample of US population. The study included 11,279 participants 6 years and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014, who had at least 3 days of valid sleep parameters calculated from 7-day 24-h accelerometer recording. Sleep duration showed a U-shaped association with age and reached the minimum at age 40 and started to increase again around age 50. The clock time for sleep onset (CTSO) delayed with age and reached the maximum at about age 20. CTSO then advanced until age 50, leveled off until age 70, then advanced again after age 70. Sleep efficiency showed an overall decreasing trend across the lifespan but stabilized from age 30 to about age 60. US young adults in age 20 s are the ones who slept at the latest around midnight, while the middle aged US residents between 40 and 50 years old slept the least. Females generally present longer sleep duration than males, while more likely to have later sleep onset, particularly at older ages. Non-Hispanic Blacks showed worse sleep characteristics, i.e. sleep later, sleep shorter, and sleep less efficiently, compared to other racial groups. In conclusion, this study provides valuable insights on the characteristics of sleep habits of residents of the United States by using objectively measurements of sleep parameters and will help guide personalized advice on sleep hygiene.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565134

RESUMO

(1) Background: The current study aims to investigate the association between the presence of a sibling and early childhood development (ECD). (2) Methods: Data were obtained from a large-scale population-based cohort in Shanghai. Children were followed from three to six years old. Based on birth order, the sample was divided into four groups: single child, younger child, elder child, and single-elder transfer (transfer from single-child to elder-child). Psychosocial well-being and school readiness were assessed with the total difficulties score from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the overall development score from the early Human Capability Index (eHCI), respectively. A multilevel model was conducted to evaluate the main effect of each sibling group and the group × age interaction effect on psychosocial well-being and school readiness. (3) Results: Across all measures, children in the younger child group presented with lower psychosocial problems (ß = -0.96, 95% CI: -1.44, -0.48, p < 0.001) and higher school readiness scores (ß = 1.56, 95% CI: 0.61, 2.51, p = 0.001). No significant difference, or marginally significant difference, was found between the elder group and the single-child group. Compared to the single-child group, the single-elder transfer group presented with slower development on both psychosocial well-being (Age × Group: ß = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.18, 0.56, p < 0.001) and school readiness (Age × Group: ß = -0.75, 95% CI: -1.10, -0.40, p < 0.001). The sibling-ECD effects did not differ between children from families of low versus high socioeconomic status. (4) Conclusion: The current study suggested the presence of a sibling was not associated with worse development outcomes in general. Rather, children with an elder sibling are more likely to present with better ECD.

9.
Food Chem ; 389: 133106, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504080

RESUMO

Various kinds of bioactive compounds contribute to versatile health-promoting properties of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (E. ulmoides). In present study, we developed a UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of fourteen characteristic active compounds, including 3 lignans, 4 iridoids, 3 flavonoids and 4 phenolics in E. ulmoides and its tea product for the first time. The running time of the method is 6.5 min. It has good linearity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, and stability. Using this high-throughput method, the distributions of fourteen characteristic active compounds in E. ulmoides and its tea product were clarified. Also, it was found that E. ulmoides tea exhibited superiority in contents of chlorogenic acid as compared with natural resources. Overall, the study provided a rapid, reliable, and efficient analysis method, which could be applied for the quality evaluation of E. ulmoides natural resources and their relative products in the field of food and medicine.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(7)2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408944

RESUMO

17α-ethinylestradiol (17α-EE2) is frequently detected in water bodies due to its use being widespread in the treatment of prostate and breast cancer and in the control of alopecia, posing a threat to humans and aquatic organisms. However, studies on its toxicity to Chlorella pyrenoidosa have been limited to date. This study investigated the effects of 17α-EE2 on the growth, photosynthetic activity, and antioxidant system of C. pyrenoidosa and revealed related molecular changes using transcriptomic analysis. The cell density of algae was inhibited in the presence of 17α-EE2, and cell morphology was also altered. Photosynthetics were damaged, while reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) content increased. Further transcriptomic analysis revealed that the pathways of photosynthesis and DNA replication were affected at three concentrations of 17α-EE2, but several specific pathways exhibited various behaviors at different concentrations. Significant changes in differentially expressed genes and their enrichment pathways showed that the low-concentration group was predominantly impaired in photosynthesis, while the higher-concentration groups were biased towards oxidative and DNA damage. This study provides a better understanding of the cellular and molecular variations of microalgae under 17α-EE2 exposure, contributing to the environmental risk assessment of such hazardous pollutants on aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Microalgas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Chlorella/genética , Chlorella/metabolismo , Etinilestradiol/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Microalgas/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
Soft Matter ; 18(17): 3278-3290, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437550

RESUMO

Human disorders associated with amyloid aggregation, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, afflict the lives of millions worldwide. When peptides and proteins in the body are converted to amyloids, which have a tendency to aggregate, the toxic oligomers produced during the aggregation process can trigger a range of diseases. Nanoparticles (NPs) have been found to possess surface effects that can modulate the amyloid aggregation process and they have potential application value in the treatment of diseases related to amyloid aggregation and fibrillary tangles. In this review, we discuss recent progress relating to studies of nanoparticles that regulate amyloid aggregation. The review focuses on the factors influencing this regulation, which are important as guidelines for the future design of NPs for the treatment of amyloid aggregation. We describe the characterization methods that have been utilized so far in such studies. This review provides research information and characterization methods for the rational design of NPs, which should result in therapeutic strategies for amyloid diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Nanopartículas , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Amiloide/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Humanos , Nanopartículas/química , Peptídeos
12.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 38(4): 1506-1517, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470622

RESUMO

In order to explore the effect of peptidoglycan hydrolase on the viable cell counts of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and the yield of alkaline protease, five peptidoglycan hydrolase genes (lytC, lytD, lytE, lytF and lytG) of B. amyloliquefaciens TCCC111018 were knocked out individually. The viable cell counts of the bacteria and their alkaline protease activities before and after gene deletion were determined. The viable cell counts of the knockout mutants BA ΔlytC and BA ΔlytE achieved 1.67×106 CFU/mL and 1.44×106 CFU/mL respectively after cultivation for 60 h, which were 32.5% and 14.3% higher than that of the control strain BA Δupp. Their alkaline protease activities reached 20 264 U/mL and 17 265 U/mL, respectively, which were 43.1% and 27.3% higher than that of the control strain. The results showed that deleting some of the peptidoglycan hydrolase genes effectively maintained the viable cell counts of bacteria and increased the activity of extracellular enzymes, which may provide a new idea for optimization of the microbial host for production of industrial enzymes.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , N-Acetil-Muramil-L-Alanina Amidase , Bacillus amyloliquefaciens/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias , Contagem de Células , Endopeptidases/genética , N-Acetil-Muramil-L-Alanina Amidase/genética
13.
Environ Toxicol ; 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396826

RESUMO

Methylmercury (MeHg) is an environmental neurotoxic substance, which can easily cross the blood-brain barrier, causing irreversible damage to the human central nervous system. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in various ways of intracellular physiological or pathological processes including neuronal apoptosis. This study attempted to explore the role of ROS-mediated poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP)/apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) apoptosis signaling pathway in the process of MeHg-induced cell death of human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). Here, we found that SH-SY5Y cells underwent apoptosis in response to MeHg, which was accompanied by the increased levels of ROS and calcium ion, and the activation of caspase cascades and PARP. Inhibiting the production of ROS can reduce the apoptosis rate to a certain extent. PARP/AIF apoptotic pathway is independent of caspase dependent signaling pathway and regulates it. In conclusion, these results suggest that ROS mediated activation of caspase pathway and PARP/AIF signaling pathway are involved in MeHg induced apoptosis, and these two pathways interact with each other.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 234: 113391, 2022 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286957

RESUMO

Environmental pollution and medicine safety have aroused increasing public concerns due to human health. Amongst various contaminants, mercury is of special attention owing to their environmental persistence and biogeochemical recycling and ecological risks. Herein, a simple and highly parallel electrochemical biosensor for Hg determination was designed and investigated. The proposed biosensor was prepared and compared between (1) DTT/MB-DNA/Au with configuration occupation approach and (2) MCH/MB-DNA/Au with passivation approach. According to the combined results of scanning electrochemical microscope (SECM) and Randles-Sevcik equation, the DTT modified electrode exhibited high uniformity on DNA distribution and superb stability on electron transfer in Hg2+ detection. Evidentially, the response value of proposed DTT/MB-DNA/Au was increased from 57.518% to 97.607%, while RSD% between duplicate runs had dropped from 22.658% to 0.223% (n = 3). Moreover, the increased proportion of effective working area was 467.380% compared with general sensors. Besides, DTT concentration, DNA concentration as well as assembly time were optimized, utilizing electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and Square Wave Anode Stripping Voltammetry (SWASV). This optimized biosensor exhibited an excellent selectivity toward Hg2+ over Cu2+, As2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, Cr3+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ etc., and the stability of DTT/MB-DNA/Au were at least two times better even after 3 days under room temperature. Also, a linear relation was observed between the peak current and Hg2+concentrations in a range from 0.25 nM to 2.00 µM with a detection limit of 53.00 pM under optimal conditions. Finally, DTT/MB-DNA/Au was applied for plants and medical products analysis. In all, this optimized DTT/MB-DNA/Au with advantages of high repeatability and sensitivity would provide a new insight into the design and application of biosensor for reliable sensing in safeguarding plant protection and medicinal safety.

15.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1877(3): 188720, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304295

RESUMO

Unsatisfied clinical outcome drives to better understand hepatic carcinogenesis, microenvironment and escape of immune surveillance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) has generated enormous data to pinpoint pathophysiologic alterations in tumor microenvironment (TME) or trace lineage development in cancer stem cells (CSCs), circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and subsets of immune cells, such as exhausting T cells, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), dendritic cells or other lineages. New insights have significantly advanced current understanding in progression, poor responses to molecular-targeted therapeutics or immune checkpoint inhibitors, metastasis in both basic research and clinical practice. The present review intends to cover a basic workflow of the scRNA-seq technology, existing limitations and improvement areas. Moreover, in-depth understanding in TME, exhausting T cells, CSCs, CTCs, tumor-associated macrophages, dendritic cells in HCC facilitates implementation of personalized and precise therapy in an era of availability with an array of systemic regimens.

16.
Nanoscale ; 14(12): 4548-4556, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266487

RESUMO

Structure and surface modification of semiconductor materials are of great importance in gas sensors. In this study, a facile citric acid-assisted solvothermal method via a precise calcination process was leveraged to synthesize sponge-like loose and porous SnO2 microspheres with rich oxygen vacancies (denoted as LP-SnO2-Ov). When this material was used in a gas sensor, it exhibited an extremely high response to 10 ppm hydrogen sulfide gas at room temperature (Ra/Rg = 9688), which was 54 times higher than that of commercial SnO2. Furthermore, the response time of LP-SnO2-Ov was 5 s, while the recovery time was 177 s. Moreover, it displayed such high selectivity and stability for hydrogen sulfide gas that its properties remained almost unchanged after 1 month. This method paves a new way to fabricate materials possessing a sponge-like loose and porous structure with oxygen vacancies, which is promising for many other scientific fields such as lithium-ion batteries and photocatalysis.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(12): 3765-3774, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311282

RESUMO

Until now, the detection methods for serine proteases have been quite time-consuming or cannot indicate the "real" protease activity. Here, a rapid and simple method for determining the "real" activity of serine proteases toward AAPX (a kind of mixed polypeptide substrates, with X representing 20 standard amino acids) was developed. This AAPX method has high reliability, sensitivity, and repeatability and can be used for detecting the serine protease activity spectrophotometrically. Additionally, the site-directed saturation mutagenesis library of alkaline serine protease PRO (BcPRO) from Bacillus clausii was screened with this AAPX method. Three beneficial mutants S99R, S99H, and S99W were identified, and S99W displayed the highest activity. In comparison to wild-type BcPRO, S99W exhibited enhanced catalytic performance toward eight AAPX monomers, and the molecular dynamics simulation revealed the mechanism responsible for its improved activity toward AAPM. Consequently, this work provides an efficient method for detecting, characterizing, mining, and high-throughput screening of serine proteases.


Assuntos
Bacillus clausii , Bacillus , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus clausii/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Serina/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Serina Proteases/genética , Serina Proteases/metabolismo
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(2): 369-377, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35229510

RESUMO

Reasonable nutrient and water management is effective ways to improve productivity and biodiversity of degraded grasslands. However, little is known about the effects of nutrient and water addition on soil inorganic phosphorus (P) fractions in old-field grasslands. Based on a field experiment with nutrient addition (N: 10 g·m-2·a-1, P: 10 g·m-2·a -1) and water addition (180 mm water irrigated during plant growing season) in Duolun County, Inner Mongolia in 2005, we examined the changes of inorganic P fractions and Olsen-P contents in the topsoil (0-10 cm). Results showed that 11-year P addition significantly increased total inorganic P (TIP) content, and that exogenous P was mostly transformed into calcium phosphate (Ca-P: 62.6%-69.2%), and then into aluminium phosphate (Al-P: 19.9%-25.1%), ferric phosphate (Fe-P) and occluded P (O-P). Phosphorus incorporated with nitrogen (N) addition significantly increased Fe-P and Al-P contents by declining soil pH and activating Fe3+ and Al3+ in soil. Water addition alone significantly increased Fe-P, Al-P, and decalcium phosphate (Ca10-P) fractions, and the contents of Fe-P, Al-P, octacalcium phosphate (Ca8-P), and Ca10-P were greater in P incorporated with water treatment than in P addition alone. There was no difference of each inorganic P fraction between P incorporated with N and water treatment and P incorporated with N treatment. Phosphorus and P incorporated with N additions significantly increased soil Olsen-P content, while water addition significantly decreased soil Olsen-P content under P addition alone and P incorporated with N treatment. In the calcareous soils, calcium superphosphate addition could enhance soil inorganic P pool through increasing Ca-P fraction.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Solo , Nitrogênio , Nutrientes , Fósforo/química , Solo/química
19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 617: 430-441, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286999

RESUMO

LaNiO3 and NiO are promising materials for supercapacitor applications. However, it is still challenging to design special structures based on these materials to improve the electrochemical performances of supercapacitor electrodes. In this work, a two-step method with low cost and convenient operation was developed to prepare dandelion-shaped LaNiO3/NiO (CSD-LaNiO3/NiO) with core-shell structure. The as-obtained CSD-LaNiO3/NiO showed high conductivity due to the core LaNiO3, which helped to provide an efficient electron transmission path for the shell NiO, producing a strong synergistic effect. The results of electrochemical properties of CSD-LaNiO3/NiO, LaNiO3 and NiO samples revealed the superior specific capacitance of CSD-LaNiO3/NiO (326.8 F g-1) at 1 A g-1 compared to LaNiO3 (166.5 F g-1) and NiO (44.2 F g-1). The as-obtained CSD-LaNiO3/NiO material was then mixed with activated carbon and assembled into an asymmetric supercapacitor, which exhibited a wide potential window of 1.8 V, energy density of 30.4 Wh kg-1 at 1800 W kg-1, and specific capacity retention of 97.7% after 3000 cycles. In sum, the as-obtained core-shell nanostructure prepared by the proposed synthesis method is very promising for future development of high-performance supercapacitors.

20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 58, 2022 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between tumor deposits (TDs) with the clinicopathological characteristics tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and prognosis of gastric cancer. Further analysis was done on the relationship between the number and maximum diameter of TDs with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of gastric cancer. METHODS: The pathological findings of 369 patients with gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed to observe the expression of TDs and the levels of stromal TILs. The relationship between TDs, clinicopathological characteristics, and levels of stromal TILs was compared using the chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier was used for survival analysis, and the log-rank test was used to determine the relationship between TDs and disease-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival. The prognostic value of TDs was assessed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. For further analysis, the optimal cutoff values for the number and maximum diameter of TDs were selected based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: TDs were significantly associated with sex, lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion, pathological T,N stage, and clinical stage (all P < 0.05). TILs levels are lower in TDs(+) group and higher in TDs(-) group. Compared with TDs(-) groups, TDs(+) group had poor disease-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival. TDs are negatively correlated with TILs, and TILs levels are lower in TDs(+) group and higher in TDs(-) group (P < 0.05). The samples are divided into the number of TDs (< 4 and ≥ 4) and the maximum diameter of TDs (< 7 mm and ≥ 7 mm). The number of TDs was significantly associated with pathological N stage (P < 0.05). The maximum diameter of TDs was significantly correlated with Lauren classification (P < 0.05) .TDs ≥ 4 had lower DFS, CSS, and OS (P < 0.05). The maximum diameter of TDs was not statistically significant with prognosis (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: TDs are independent prognosis predictors of gastric cancer. In the tumor microenvironment, TDs and TILs interact with each other to regulate the development of gastric cancer, thus affecting gastric cancer prognosis of patients. The number of TDs ≥ 4 has a worse prognosis compared to the number of TDs < 4.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Extensão Extranodal , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
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