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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(4)2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670048

RESUMO

Quasi-continuous metasurfaces are widely used in various optical systems and their subwavelength structures invalidate traditional design methods based on scalar diffraction theory. Here, a novel vector iterative Fourier transform algorithm (IFTA) is proposed to realize the fast design of quasi-continuous metasurface beam splitters with subwavelength structures. Compared with traditional optimization algorithms that either require extensive numerical simulations or lack accuracy, this method has the advantages of accuracy and low computational cost. As proof-of-concept demonstrations, several beam splitters with custom-tailored diffraction patterns and a 7 × 7 beam splitter are numerically demonstrated, among which the maximal diffraction angle reaches 70° and the best uniformity error reaches 0.0195, showing good consistency with the target energy distribution and these results suggest that the proposed vector IFTA may find wide applications in three-dimensional imaging, lidar techniques, machine vision, and so forth.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 960-966, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742892

RESUMO

A pot-based experiment was conducted to study the Cd tolerance and accumulation characteristics of four invasive herbs (Galinsoga quadriradiata, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Setaria geniculata, and Lolium persicum) under exposures of 0 (T0), 5 (T5), 25 (T25), and 50 mg·kg-1 (T50) soil Cd concentrations to screen for potential Cd accumulators for phytoremediation. The results showed that the biomasses of both shoots and roots of G. quadriradiata had no significant changes compared to the control (T0) samples under all Cd treatments, whereas the biomass of the other three Poaceae species significantly decreased under the T25 or T50 treatment. The results indicate that G. quadriradiata had stronger Cd tolerance than the other three species. The Cd concentrations in the shoots and roots of the four herbs significantly increased with an increase in soil Cd concentrations, but the shoot bioconcentration factors (SBCF) of the four plant species significantly decreased under T5, T25, and T50 treatment. The SBCF of G. quadriradiata and P. dichotomiflorum were greater than 1 whereas those of S. geniculata and L. persicum were lower than 1. The translocation factors (TF) of G. quadriradiata were 0.93, 0.73, and 1.04 under T5, T25, and T50 treatment, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the other three plants under the same soil Cd concentration. In addition, both the total Cd and shoot Cd contents of G. quadriradiata were notably higher than in the other three species under the same Cd treatment. Moreover, 90% of the Cd in G. quadriradiata could be transferred aboveground, which was significantly higher than for the other three plants. Based on our comprehensive comparison of Cd tolerance and accumulation capacity, we suggest that G. quadriradiata is a high-Cd accumulator with considerable phytoremediation potential.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
3.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 167, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), derived from hepatocytes, is the main histological subtype of primary liver cancer and poses a serious threat to human health due to the high incidence and poor prognosis. This study aimed to establish a multigene prognostic model to predict the prognosis of patients with HCC. RESULTS: Gene expression datasets (GSE121248, GSE40873, GSE62232) were used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between tumor and adjacent or normal tissues, and then hub genes were screened by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and Cytoscape software. Seventeen genes among hub genes were significantly associated with prognosis and used to construct a prognostic model through COX hazard regression analysis. The predictive performance of this model was evaluated with TCGA data and was further validated with independent dataset GSE14520. Six genes (CDKN3, ZWINT, KIF20A, NUSAP1, HMMR, DLGAP5) were involved in the prognostic model, which separated HCC patients from TCGA dataset into high- and low-risk groups. Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analysis and risk score analysis demonstrated that low-risk group represented a survival advantage. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis showed risk score could be an independent prognostic factor. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed there was a better predictive power of the risk score than that of other clinical indicators. At last, the results from GSE14520 demonstrated the reliability of this prognostic model in some extent. CONCLUSION: This prognostic model represented significance for prognosis of HCC, and the risk score according to this model may be a better prognostic factor than other traditional clinical indicators.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Nat Immunol ; 22(4): 460-470, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767425

RESUMO

Targeting the p53-MDM2 pathway to reactivate tumor p53 is a chemotherapeutic approach. However, the involvement of this pathway in CD8+ T cell-mediated antitumor immunity is unknown. Here, we report that mice with MDM2 deficiency in T cells exhibit accelerated tumor progression and a decrease in tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cell survival and function. Mechanistically, MDM2 competes with c-Cbl for STAT5 binding, reduces c-Cbl-mediated STAT5 degradation and enhances STAT5 stability in tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Targeting the p53-MDM2 interaction with a pharmacological agent, APG-115, augmented MDM2 in T cells, thereby stabilizing STAT5, boosting T cell immunity and synergizing with cancer immunotherapy. Unexpectedly, these effects of APG-115 were dependent on p53 and MDM2 in T cells. Clinically, MDM2 abundance correlated with T cell function and interferon-γ signature in patients with cancer. Thus, the p53-MDM2 pathway controls T cell immunity, and targeting this pathway may treat patients with cancer regardless of tumor p53 status.

5.
J Mol Diagn ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781963

RESUMO

We compared chromosomal mosaicism, detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS), during preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) with that detected by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array-based PGT to assess the pregnancy outcomes associated with both platforms in a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization in a single university-based assisted reproduction center. In total, 6427 blastocysts biopsied from 1513 patients who underwent 2833 oocyte retrievals from January 2017 to February 2019 were identified. The incidence of mosaicism was significantly higher in the NGS-based PGT group than in the SNP array-based PGT group. Furthermore, some aneuploid specimens were affected by mosaicism. The total mosaicism detection rate with NGS-based PGT (23.3%) was significantly higher than that with SNP array-based PGT (7.7%). Mosaicism rates did not vary significantly when stratified by maternal age or PGT type. The SNP array cohort showed a significantly higher spontaneous abortion rate than the NGS cohort (10.07% versus 6.33%; P = 0.0403). The ongoing pregnancy/live birth rate was higher in the NGS cohort (44.1%) than in the SNP array cohort (42.28%). Our results confirm that NGS-based PGT can detect mosaicism more frequently than SNP array-based PGT in trophectoderm specimens; therefore, we expect that clinical application of NGS for PGT can improve pregnancy outcomes compared with that of SNP array-based PGT. More detailed blastocyst detection and classification is necessary to prioritize embryo transfers.

6.
Adv Mater ; 33(11): e2008157, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33569816

RESUMO

Infrared optical systems are indispensable in almost all domains of society, but their performances are often restricted by bulky size, small field of view, large thermal sensitivity, high fabrication cost, etc. Here, based on the concept of catenary optics, a novel isophase streamline optimization approach is leveraged to design silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible metasurfaces with broadband, wide-angle, and high-efficiency performances, which breaks through the glass ceiling of traditional optical technologies. By using the truly local geometric phase, a maximum diffraction efficiency approaching 100% is obtained in ultrawide spectral and angular ranges. Somewhat surprising results are shown in that wide-angle diffraction-limited imaging and laser beam steering can be realized with a record field of view up to 178°. This methodology is scalable to the entire optical band and other materials, enabling unprecedented compact infrared systems for surveillance, unmanned vehicles, medical science, etc.

7.
Cancer Discov ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627378

RESUMO

Mutations in IFN- and MHC-signaling genes endow immunotherapy resistance. Colorectal cancer patients infrequently exhibit IFN- and MHC-signaling gene mutations, and are generally resistant to immunotherapy. In exploring the integrity of the IFN- and MHC-signaling in colorectal cancer, we found that optineurin was a shared node between the two pathways, and predicted colorectal cancer patient outcome. Loss of optineurin occurred in early stage human colorectal cancer. Immunologically, optineurin deficiency attenuated IFNGR1 and MHC-I expression, impaired T cell-immunity, and diminished immunotherapy efficacy in murine cancer models and cancer patients. Mechanistically, IFNGR1 was S-palmitoylated on Cys122, and AP3D1 bound with and sorted palmitoylated-IFNGR1 to lysosome for degradation. Unexpectedly, optineurin interacted with AP3D1 to prevent palmitoylated-IFNGR1 lysosomal sorting and degradation - thereby maintaining IFNy- and MHC-I-signaling integrity. Furthermore, pharmacologically targeting IFNGR1-palmitoylation stabilized IFNGR1, augmented tumor immunity, and sensitized checkpoint therapy. Thus, loss of optineurin drives immune evasion and intrinsic immunotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 38: 127880, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636303

RESUMO

Based on our previous research, thirty new 5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazoles possessing 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl moiety were synthesized, and evaluated for antiproliferative activities. Among them, compounds IIa, IIIh, and IIIm demonstrated significant antiproliferative activities against a panel of tumor cell lines, and the promising compound IIIm dose-dependently caused G2/M phase arrest in HeLa cells. Furthermore, analogue IIa exhibited the most potent tubulinpolymerization inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 9.4 µM, and molecular modeling studies revealed that IIa formed stable interactions in the colchicine-binding site of tubulin, suggesting that 5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole scaffold has potential for further investigation to develop novel tubulin polymerization inhibitors with anticancer activity.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is difficult for surgeons to successfully perform closed reduction and percutaneous pinning on displaced and rotated lateral condylar humeral fractures in children. This study aimed to introduce a ultrasound-assisted closed reduction and percutaneous pinning technique and determine its usefulness in the treatment of displaced and rotated lateral condylar humeral fractures in children. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2018, 42 of 44 displaced and rotated pediatric lateral humeral condyle fractures were successfully treated with ultrasound-assisted closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. All surgeries were performed by one senior surgeon. Demographic and clinical data on age, sex, affected side, time from injury to reduction, operative time, and the number of intraoperative radiographs (without fluoroscopy) were analyzed. Postoperative data were evaluated in terms of Kirschner wire in situ duration, follow-up duration, range of motion (ROM), carrying angle, cosmetic result and complications. RESULTS: The average operation time was 67 minutes from 2013 to 2015, and it was 51 minutes from 2016 to 2018. All 42 patients who successfully underwent ultrasound-assisted closed reduction were followed up for more than three months, and 31 of 42 patients were followed up for more than one year. Among the 31 patients, the ROM outcomes were excellent in 25 patients and good in 6 patients. The carrying angle outcomes were excellent in 28 patients and good in 3 patients. Two instances of wire infection, 9 instances of granulation tissue hyperplasia and 23 instances of lateral spur formation occurred. No nonunion, no avascular necrosis, and no post-operative nerve issues were identified. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical technique of ultrasound-assisted closed reduction and percutaneous pinning presented in this study can effectively help surgeons reduce displaced and rotated lateral condylar humeral fractures in children to avoid some open reductions and achieve satisfactory outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV; Therapeutic study.

10.
Biosci Rep ; 41(1)2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The traditional Chinese medicine Caulis Sargentodoxae is widely used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), but the mechanism remains unknown. The present study aims to reveal its effective components, targets and pathways through network pharmacology and bioinformatics approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) was used to identify effective components. The ligand-based targets prediction was achieved through SwissTargetPrediction and TargetNet. UC-related targets were identified using Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data and DisGeNET. The common targets of disease and components were constructed and analyzed by PPI network. Lastly, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses are used to explain the functions of these common targets. Components-Targets-Pathways network was visualized and analyzed to further reveal the connection between the components and targets. RESULTS: Eight active components and 102 key targets were identified to play an important role in UC. These targets were related to regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity, positive regulation of cell motility, response to molecule of bacterial origin, response to toxic substance, ERK1 and ERK2 cascade, peptidyl-tyrosine modification, inositol lipid-mediated signaling, cellular response to drug, regulation of inflammatory response and leukocyte migration. Moreover, HIF-1 signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway were the key targets involved in UC-related signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: The eight active components of Caulis Sargentodoxae mainly play a therapeutic role for UC through synergistic regulation of HIF-1 signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.

11.
Cancer Cell ; 39(4): 480-493.e6, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513345

RESUMO

Immunotherapy induces durable clinical responses in a fraction of patients with cancer. However, therapeutic resistance poses a major challenge to current immunotherapies. Here, we identify that expression of tumor stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) correlates with immunotherapy efficacy and is negatively associated with patient survival across diverse cancer types. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments demonstrate that tumor STC1 supports tumor progression and enables tumor resistance to checkpoint blockade in murine tumor models. Mechanistically, tumor STC1 interacts with calreticulin (CRT), an "eat-me" signal, and minimizes CRT membrane exposure, thereby abrogating membrane CRT-directed phagocytosis by antigen-presenting cells (APCs), including macrophages and dendritic cells. Consequently, this impairs APC capacity of antigen presentation and T cell activation. Thus, tumor STC1 inhibits APC phagocytosis and contributes to tumor immune evasion and immunotherapy resistance. We suggest that STC1 is a previously unappreciated phagocytosis checkpoint and targeting STC1 and its interaction with CRT may sensitize to cancer immunotherapy.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420687

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) pollution is a prominent environment problem, and great interests have been developed towards the molecular mechanism of Cd accumulation in plants. In this study, we conducted combined transcriptomic, proteomic and biochemical approaches to explore the detoxification of a Cd-hyperaccumulating turnip landrace exposed to 5 µM (T5) and 25 µM (T25) Cd treatments. A total of 1090 and 2111 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 161 and 303 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in turnips under T5 and T25, respectively. However, poor correlations were observed in expression changes between mRNA and protein levels. The enriched KEGG pathways of DEGs with a high proportion (> 80%) of upregulated genes were focused on the flavonoid biosynthesis, sulphur metabolism and glucosinolate biosynthesis pathways, whereas those of DEPs were enriched on the glutathione metabolism pathway. This result suggests that these pathways contribute to Cd detoxification in turnips. Furthermore, induced antioxidant enzymes, heat stock proteins and stimulated protein acetylation modification seemed to play important roles in Cd tolerance in turnips. In addition, several metal transporters were found responsible for the Cd accumulation capacity of turnips. This study may serve as a basis for breeding low-Cd-accumulating vegetables for foodstuff or high-Cd-abstracting plants for phytoremediation.

13.
Sci Adv ; 6(48)2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246949

RESUMO

There is an ongoing debate on the importance of genetic factors in cancer development, where gene-centered cancer predisposition seems to show that only 5 to 10% of the cancer cases are inheritable. By conducting a systematic analysis of germline genomes of 9712 cancer patients representing 22 common cancer types along with 16,670 noncancer individuals, we identified seven cancer-associated germline genomic patterns (CGGPs), which summarized trinucleotide mutational spectra of germline genomes. A few CGGPs were consistently enriched in the germline genomes of patients whose tumors had smoking signatures or correlated with oncogenesis- and genome instability-related mutations. Furthermore, subgroups defined by the CGGPs were significantly associated with distinct oncogenic pathways, tumor histological subtypes, and prognosis in 13 common cancer types, suggesting that germline genomic patterns enable to inform treatment and clinical outcomes. These results provided evidence that cancer risk and clinical outcomes could be encoded in germline genomes.

14.
Front Genet ; 11: 572350, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193677

RESUMO

Motivation: At present, a number of correlation analysis methods between SNPs and ROIs have been devised to explore the pathogenic mechanism of Alzheimer's disease. However, some of the deficiencies inherent in these methods, including lack of statistical efficacy and biological meaning. This study aims at addressing issues: insufficient correlation by previous methods (relative high regression error) and the lack of biological meaning in association analysis. Results: In this paper, a novel three-stage SNPs and ROIs correlation analysis framework is proposed. Firstly, clustering algorithm is applied to remove the potential linkage unbalanced structure of two SNPs. Then, the group sparse model is used to introduce prior information such as gene structure and linkage unbalanced structure to select feature SNPs. After the above steps, each SNP has a weight vector corresponding to each ROI, and the importance of SNPs can be judged according to the weights in the feature vector, and then the feature SNPs can be selected. Finally, for the selected feature SNPS, a support vector machine regression model is used to implement the prediction of the ROIs phenotype values. The experimental results under multiple performance measures show that the proposed method has better accuracy than other methods.

15.
Small ; 16(49): e2004692, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201585

RESUMO

Inspired by "micro/nanoreactor" effect of cellular organelle on specific biochemical reactions, a double honeycomb-like hierarchical capsule confined encapsulation with functional micro/nanocrystals is designed. The bioinspired hierarchical capsules derived from polymeric composite microspheres are successfully fabricated through a combination of selective chemical etching and pyrolysis. In situ introduction of functional guests (including organometallic molecules, tetraethoxysilane, or metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)) into internal cellular structure of microspheres is first put forward by phase inversion method. The development of selective etching creates honeycomb-like structure on the outside surface of capsule and allows sulfur to homogeneously distribute into matrix. With the novel approach, the hierarchical channels (micro-meso-macropore) of composite capsule enhance transportation of reactants and dispersion of active sites, and thus exhibit superior photocatalytic oxidation and electromagnetic absorbing. The promising strategy will be applied more generally to encapsulate different species into hierarchical capsule with tailored properties and functionalities.

16.
J Pain Res ; 13: 2799-2804, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173329

RESUMO

Objective: To present the case of a patient on long-term anticoagulants who developed acute spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) without signs of major cement extravasation to the spinal canal. Methods: A 64-year-old woman with long-term oral antiplatelet drugs underwent the L1 PKP. Immediately after the operation, the back pain improved significantly without neurological deficit. However, 12 hours later, she developed progressive weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No intraspinal cement leakage was obvious on the postoperative lumbar radiograph and computed tomography. Results: An emergency MRI examination revealed a high signal aggregation in front of the spinal cord from T12 to L1, indicating spinal cord compression. The SEH was verified and removed during the laminectomy from T12-L1. Following the decompression surgery, the neurological deficit of the lower limbs improved. On follow-up after 6 months, the muscle strength of the bilateral lower limbs had returned to normal. Conclusion: For the patient with long-term oral antiplatelet drugs or coagulation malfunction, the transpedicle approach or that via the costovertebral joint with a smaller abduction angle is recommended to reduce the risk of injury to the inner wall of the pedicle. For progressive aggravation of neurological dysfunction after surgery, SEH formation should be suspected despite the absence of intraspinal bone cement leakage. Secondary emergency decompression should be considered to avoid permanent damage to spinal cord nerve function caused by continuous compression.

17.
Org Lett ; 22(23): 9263-9268, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205980

RESUMO

A 1,3-sulfonyl migration of difluorovinyl sulfonates initiated by a catalytic amount of silver fluoride is presented. α,α-Difluoro-ß-ketosulfones were successfully prepared in excellent yields. This method features high chemoselectivity, good functional group tolerance, high atom economy, and mild, environmentally benign reaction conditions. Furthermore, mechanistic experiments indicate that this migration proceeds in an intermolecular pathway and the corresponding sulfinates are possible intermediates.

18.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155156

RESUMO

Thrombotic events are the most frequent causes of death in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Previous studies have reported infection to be the most important trigger of thrombosis in APS, with molecular mimicry considered to be a major mechanism. Although timely management of infections has been recommended in patients with high suspicion of infection, anti-infective therapy would not take effect in a short time due to the dilemma in determining the origins of infection, especially in patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. Here, we describe a 26-year-old patient with systemic lupus erythematosus with triple antiphospholipid antibody positivity who had a stroke involving her dorsolateral medulla, despite timely anti-infective treatment within the context of skin infection caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first report about the association between Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection and thrombotic complications in APS. Thus, solely focusing on anti-infective therapy by the current recommendation for the management of APS may be insufficient within the context of infection; early initiation of effective anticoagulation should also be suggested until the anti-infective therapy becomes effective, especially in patients with high-risk antiphospholipid antibody profiles, in whom the potential benefit would outweigh the risk of bleeding.

19.
Plant Divers ; 42(5): 351-355, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134618

RESUMO

Phytoremediation techniques to clean heavy metal pollution soil depend on identifying plant species that can act as phytoremediators. One important approach to screening potential phytoremediators is to evaluate characteristics of heavy metal accumulation. In this study, we performed firsthand analysis of Cd tolerance and accumulation characteristics of three Sansevieria trifasciata cultivars by pot experiment. Plant growth results showed that all three S. trifasciata cultivars can tolerate 50 mg kg-1 soil Cd concentration. After growth under 50 mg kg-1 soil Cd concentration for 4 months, the Cd bioconcentration factors in the shoots of S. 'Trifasciata', S. trifasciata 'Laurentii', and S. trifasciata 'Silver Hahnii' were 1.26, 1.30, and 1.19, while those in the roots were 12.53, 11.43, and 5.45, respectively. This result reveals the considerably low translocation factors of 0.10, 0.12, and 0.22 for S. 'Trifasciata', S. trifasciata 'Laurentii', and S. trifasciata 'Silver Hahnii', respectively. These results suggest that all three S. trifasciata cultivars had high Cd absorption capacities but low Cd translocation capacities. In combination with total Cd accumulation distribution and plant growth characteristics, S. trifasciata can be designed as a phytostabilizer in Cd-contaminated soils in its cultivation regions. Meanwhile, the mechanism of high Cd tolerance and accumulation characteristics in the roots of S. trifasciata should be explored. This study provides new resources for dealing with Cd-contaminated soils and exploring Cd tolerance and accumulation mechanisms in plants.

20.
Food Funct ; 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245309

RESUMO

A sulfated polysaccharide extracted from Gracilaria lemaneiformis (GLP) with a prominent effect in regulating lipid metabolism was isolated. The molecular weight was 31.5 kDa and it was composed mainly of galactose, glucose and xylose. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis suggested that GLP was composed of the following repeating unit: [3-ß-Gal-4(OSO3)-1→4-α-3,6-anhydrogal-2(OSO3)-1→]. GLP could significantly decrease serum total cholesterol, triglyceride and free fatty acid levels and lower alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities in high-fat-diet mice. Additionally, GLP could keep the body weight and attenuate accumulation of fat surrounding the liver and epididymis induced by high-fat diet. Results of RT-PCR indicated that GLP might regulate lipid metabolism and accelerate free fatty acid oxidation by up-regulating the expression of the PPARα, ACS and CPT1a gene. The present study suggests that GLP may be potentially useful for regulating lipid metabolism.

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