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1.
Opt Express ; 30(7): 12069-12079, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473136

RESUMO

We propose a dual-band achromatic focusing metasurface based on polarization multiplexing and dispersion engineering. An anisotropic resonant phase meta-atom is designed to realize independent nonlinear phase manipulation along the orthogonal directions. Achromatic focusing metasurface and broadband reflectarray antenna are further constructed in the microwave region with a computer-assisted particle swarm optimization algorithm. The standard deviation of focus offset at 11-16 GHz (for x-polarization) and 18-24 GHz (for y-polarization) are compressed to 19.83% and 16.60% of the dispersive metasurface, respectively. The radiation gains of the reflectarray antenna increase by an average of 19.49 dB and 15.08 dB in the broadband region compared with the bare standard rectangle waveguides. Furthermore, such an achromatic metasurface can be utilized to realize different functions with polarization selectivity and applied to other frequency ranges, which holds great promise in integrated optics.

2.
J Theor Biol ; 543: 111121, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381225

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common dementia, and its pathogenesis has not been clarified. The failure of amyloid targeted therapy has led us to rethink the pathogenesis of AD. There is growing evidence that complex diseases usually involve the impairment of multiple biological functions, rather than focus on several single genes. Protein-protein interaction network (PPIN) has been recognized as an important tool for identifying and predicting disease biomarkers. It is a great challenge to design network-based classification method for identifying effective, stable and interpretable biomarkers to distinguish the disease phenotype based on gene expression profile data. In this study, we used graph Laplacian regularization method to introduce topology information of PPIN, which can reveal the damaged networks involved in disease from heterogeneous gene expression profile data and identify disease-related biomarkers. The results in three AD datasets showed that the biomarkers identified by our method can not only distinguish the sample categories more accurately, but also help researchers understand the biological meaning behind complex diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Humanos , Análise em Microsséries , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(17): 10373-10377, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438116

RESUMO

Thermal diffusion plays an important role in the determination of the structures and properties of interfaces and nanolayers. Here we report results from molecular dynamics simulations of the tensile behavior of Al-Mg-Al nanolayers with their Al/Mg interfaces being joined by the thermal diffusion of atoms. We find that a different deformation mechanism applies in each case: low thermal diffusion temperatures (300 ≤ T1 < 664 K) and high thermal diffusion temperatures (664 ≤ T1 ≤ 846 K). The formation of coherent Al/Mg interfaces in the case of high T1 induces the second hardening deformation of Al-Mg-Al nanolayers before the stress reaching the tensile strength, significantly enhancing the tensile properties of Al-Mg-Al nanolayers in comparison to the case of low T1. This difference would provide guidance on the improvement of the mechanical properties of Al-Mg layered systems.

4.
Cell Rep ; 39(1): 110609, 2022 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385733

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major cellular component in the tumor microenvironment (TME). However, the relationship between the phenotype and metabolic pattern of TAMs remains poorly understood. We performed single-cell transcriptome profiling on hepatic TAMs from mice bearing liver metastatic tumors. We find that TAMs manifest high heterogeneity at the levels of transcription, development, metabolism, and function. Integrative analyses and validation experiments indicate that increased purine metabolism is a feature of TAMs with pro-tumor and terminal differentiation phenotypes. Like mouse TAMs, human TAMs are highly heterogeneous. Human TAMs with increased purine metabolism exhibit a pro-tumor phenotype and correlate with poor therapeutic efficacy to immune checkpoint blockade. Altogether, our work demonstrates that TAMs are developmentally, metabolically, and functionally heterogeneous and purine metabolism may be a key metabolic feature of a pro-tumor macrophage population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Microambiente Tumoral , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
5.
Andrology ; 2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low androgen status on mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) and its relationship with erectile function. METHODS: A total of 36 eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups: the control (sham-operated) group, the castration group, the castration + testosterone (cast + T) group, the control + siRNA group, the cast + siRNA group, and the cast + empty vector group. Testosterone propionate (3 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected into the rats in the cast + T group every other day starting from the second day after the surgery. Four weeks later, lentiviral vectors carrying phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 2 (PACS-2) gene-specific siRNA (1 × 108 TU/ml, 10 µl) were injected into the rats in the siRNA groups. At the sixth week of castration, the ratio of the maximum intracavernous pressure/the mean arterial pressure (ICPmax/MAP), the levels of nitric oxide (NO), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), phospho-eNOS (p-eNOS), fatty acid-CoA ligase 4 (FACL-4), PACS-2, and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1 (IP3R1) in the penile corpus cavernosum were determined. RESULTS: The FACL-4, PACS-2, and IP3R1 were primarily localized in the cytoplasm of endothelial cells and part of smooth muscle cells in the corpus cavernosum. The level of NO, the ratio of ICPmax/MAP, and p-eNOS/eNOS were decreased significantly in the castration group compared with the control group (p < 0.01). The expressions of FACL-4, PACS-2, and IP3R1 were increased significantly in the castration group compared with the control group (p < 0.01). The level of NO, the ratios of ICPmax/MAP, and the ratio of p-eNOS/eNOS were increased significantly in the cast + siRNA group compared with the castration group (p < 0.01). The expressions of FACL-4 and PACS-2 were decreased significantly in the cast + siRNA group compared with the castration group (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Low androgen status upregulated the expressions of patients in MAMs (FACL-4, PACS-2, and IP3R1) in the corpus cavernosum and inhibited the eNOS/NO/cGMP signaling pathway, resulting in impaired erectile function in rats. Erectile function may be improved by inhibiting the high expression of PACS-2 in the corpus cavernosum under low androgen state.

6.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(8)2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454633

RESUMO

We demonstrate the generation of a space-variant vector beam with catenary-shaped polarization states based on the polarization interferometry. With a spatial light modulator and a common path interferometric configuration, two orthogonally circularly polarized beams with different phase modulation overlap each other, yielding the vector beams. In addition, the polarization states of this vector beam are scalable to the arbitrary spatial distribution because of its great flexibility and universal applicability. It is expected that this vector beam may have many potential and intriguing applications in the micro/nano material processing, liquid crystal elements fabrication and optical micro-manipulation, and so on.

7.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(4): 681-682, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478856

RESUMO

Xerophyta retinervis has great ornamental value and numerous traditional uses. This study reported its first complete chloroplast genome sequence, which was 155,109 bp in length, including a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRs) (27,093 bp), a small single-copy (SSC) region (17,385 bp), and a large single-copy (LSC) region (83,538bp). The chloroplast genome encoded 133 genes, including 87 protein-coding genes, 38 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. The total GC content of the chloroplast genome was 37.55%. The phylogenetic tree showed that X. retinervis was closely related to X. spekei.

8.
Metab Brain Dis ; 37(4): 1071-1094, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230627

RESUMO

About 350 million people worldwide suffered from depression, but less than half of the patients received effective and regular treatments. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) such as pinellia has been proven effective for antidepressant treatment with fewer side effects. However, the exact mechanisms remain unclear. Herein, we use the methods of network pharmacology and molecular docking to analyze the effective monomer components of pinellia and reveal the involved signaling pathways to produce antidepressant effects. TCMSP, BATMAN-TCM, and TCMID databases were utilized to analyze the bioactive ingredients and target genes derived from pinellia via the screening the molecular weight (MW), oral bioavailability (OB), blood-brain barrier (BBB) and drug similarity (DL). OMIM, TTD, DisGeNET, GeneCards and DrugBank databases were used to obtain key genes of depression. Then, the networks of protein-protein interaction (PPI) and "medicine-ingredients-targets-pathways" were built. The target signaling pathways were enriched by GO and KEGG by using R language. Furthermore, bioactive ingredients binding of the targets were verified by molecular docking. Nine active monomer ingredients and 96 pivotal gene targets were selected from pinellia. 10,124 disease genes and 87 drug-disease intersecting genes were verified. GO analysis proposed that the receptor activity of neurotransmitter, postsynaptic neurotransmitter, G protein-coupled neurotransmitter, and acetylcholine through the postsynaptic membrane could be modulated by pinellia. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that pinellia influenced depression-related neural tissue interaction, cholinergic synapse, serotonin activated synapse and calcium signaling pathway. Besides, the reliability and accuracy of results obtained from the indirect network pharmacology were validated by molecular docking. The bioactive components of pinellia made significant antidepressant effects by regulating the key target genes/proteins in the pathophysiology of depression.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pinellia , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 793129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For patients with severe spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage on antiplatelet therapy (patients with APT-SICH), postoperative rebleeding (PR) is an important cause of poor outcomes after surgery. As impacted by coagulation disorder caused by APT, patients with APT-SICH are likely to suffer from PR. This study aimed to assess the risk of PR in patients with APT-SICH receiving emergency surgery using a novel coagulation classification. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter cohort study consecutively selected patients with APT-SICH between September 2019 and March 2021. The preoperative coagulation factor function was recorded, and the platelet function was assessed using thrombelastography. Based on platelet and coagulation factor function, a novel four-type coagulation classification, i.e., Type I (severe coagulation disorder), Type IIa (low platelet reserve capacity), Type IIb (normal coagulation), and Type III (hypercoagulation), was presented. The primary outcome was PR, defined as the rebleeding in the operative region or new intracerebral hemorrhage correlated with the operation. RESULTS: Of the included 197 patients with APT-SICH, PR occurred in 40 patients (20.3%). The novel coagulation classification categorized 28, 32, 122, and 15 patients into Type I, Type IIa, Type IIb, and Type III, respectively. The Type I patients had the highest incident rate of PR (39.3 per 100 persons), followed by the Type IIa patients (31.3 per 100 persons). In the PR-related analysis, the large hematoma volume (hazard ratio (HR): 1.02; 95% CI: 1.02-1.03; p < 0.001), Type I (HR: 9.72; 95% CI: 1.19-79.67; p = 0.034), and Type IIa (HR: 8.70; 95% CI: 1.09-69.61; p = 0.041) were correlated with the highest risk of PR. The coagulation classification could discriminate the PR patients from no PR (NPR) patients (p < 0.001), and it outperformed the conventional coagulation assessment (only considering platelet count and coagulation factor function) (c-statistic, 0.72 vs. 0.55). CONCLUSION: The novel coagulation classification could discriminate the patients with APT-SICH with the highest risk of PR preoperatively. For the Type I and Type IIa patients, emergency surgery should be performed carefully.

10.
J Clin Invest ; 132(8)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230972

RESUMO

IFN-γ-stimulated MHC class I (MHC-I) antigen presentation underlies the core of antitumor immunity. However, sustained IFN-γ signaling also enhances the programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint pathway to dampen antitumor immunity. It remains unclear how these opposing effects of IFN-γ are regulated. Here, we report that loss of the histone dimethyltransferase WHSC1 impaired the antitumor effect of IFN-γ signaling by transcriptional downregulation of the MHC-I machinery without affecting PD-L1 expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Whsc1 loss promoted tumorigenesis via a non-cell-autonomous mechanism in an Apcmin/+ mouse model, CRC organoids, and xenografts. Mechanistically, we found that the IFN-γ/STAT1 signaling axis stimulated WHSC1 expression and, in turn, that WHSC1 directly interacted with NLRC5 to promote MHC-I gene expression, but not that of PD-L1. Concordantly, silencing Whsc1 diminished MHC-I levels, impaired antitumor immunity, and blunted the effect of immune checkpoint blockade. Patient cohort analysis revealed that WHSC1 expression positively correlated with enhanced MHC-I expression, tumor-infiltrating T cells, and favorable disease outcomes. Together, our findings establish a tumor-suppressive function of WHSC1 that relays IFN-γ signaling to promote antigen presentation on CRC cells and provide a rationale for boosting WHSC1 activity in immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase , Neoplasias , Proteínas Repressoras , Animais , Apresentação do Antígeno , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Histonas , Humanos , Interferon gama , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Camundongos
11.
Lupus ; 31(5): 596-605, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348025

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive myocardial work (MW) is a new technology which is based on strain after considering the load influence on myocardial deformation. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of quantitatively assessing left ventricular myocardial work (LVMW) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using a left ventricular pressure-strain loop (LVPSL). METHODS: 76 patients with SLE were included in the study (A), further divided into two subgroups according to the presence of lupus nephritis (LN). Global longitudinal strain (GLS), peak strain dispersion (PSD), global myocardial work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global wasted work (GWW), and global work efficiency (GWE) were obtained. RESULTS: 1: Patients with SLE demonstrated a significantly reduced GWE and GLS compared with control group, GWW and PSD were increased, above changes were more pronounced in patients with LN. There was no significant difference in GWI and GCW. 2: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis demonstrated that GWE was the most powerful tool for detecting myocardial insufficiency early in SLE patients, and the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.804, and was superior to GLS (AUC = 0.707). GWE remains the best indicator of subclinical myocardial injury in patients with LN. The AUC was 0.910, and the best cutoff point was 96.5% (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 73.3%). CONCLUSIONS: LVPSL can be used to noninvasively assess changes in MW in patients with SLE. Noninvasive GWE is a more sensitive index than GLS to detect subclinical myocardial injury early in SLE patients. This is a potential valuable clinical tool to assist in the early-find myocardial damage.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Miocárdio , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Pressão Ventricular
12.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35355172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) has rapidly increased in recent years. Popular surgical approaches for AEG are proximal gastrectomy (PG) and total gastrectomy (TG), but it is controversial as to which approach is superior. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of PG and TG for AEG. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to 1 June 2021. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to conduct quality assessments, and RevMan (Version 5.4) was used to perform the meta-analysis. RESULTS: In all, 1,734 patients with Siewert II/III AEG in 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis. PG was associated with less number of harvested lymph nodes (WMD = - 9.00, 95% CI - 12.61 to - 5.39, P < 0.00001), smaller tumor size (WMD = - 1.02, 95% CI - 1.71 to - 0.33, P = 0.004), shorter hospital length of stay (WMD = - 3.99, 95% CI - 7.27 to - 0.71, P = 0.02), and better long-term nutritional status compared with TG. Overall complications, other complications, and overall survival were not significantly different between the two groups. Moreover, subgroup analysis revealed that the occurrence of anastomotic strictures and reflux esophagitis was associated with the use of novel gastrointestinal tract (GI) anastomoses (double-tract reconstruction, jejunal interposition, and semi-embedded valve anastomosis) after PG. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the available evidence, we recommend that surgeons accept PG combined with multiple novel anastomoses as an optimal surgical approach in patients diagnosed with resectable Siewert type II/III AEG.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259124

RESUMO

Edge intelligent computing is widely used in the fields, such as the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) and industrial control UAV clusters, which has advantages, including high data processing efficiency, strong real-time performance and low network delay. However, there are many problems including privacy disclosure, limited calculation force when edge intelligent devices, edge gateways and clouds complete the task unloading, as well as scheduling and coordination issues. Federated learning allows all training devices to complete training at the same time, which greatly improves training efficiency. However, traditional federated learning will expose patient's privacy information of the training set. Due to the sensitive nature of the healthcare data, the aforementioned approach of transferring the patient's data to the central servers may create serious security and privacy issues. Therefore, this article proposes a Privacy Protection Scheme for Federated Learning under Edge Computing (PPFLEC). First of all, we propose a lightweight privacy protection protocol based on a shared secret and weight mask, which is based on a random mask scheme of secret sharing. It is more accurate and efficient than federated learning for secure multiparty computing frameworks based on homomorphic encryption. It can not only protect gradient privacy without losing model accuracy, but also resist equipment dropping and collusion attacks between devices. Second, we design an algorithm based on a digital signature and hash function, which achieves the \textcolor{blue}{integrity and consistency} of the message, as well as resisting replay attacks. Finally, we propose a periodic average training strategy, compared with differential privacy to prove that our scheme is 40% faster in efficiency than in deferential privacy. Meanwhile, compared with federated learning, we can achieve the same efficiency under the condition of ensuring safety. Therefore, our scheme can work well in unstable edge computing environments such as smart healthcare.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(6)2022 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328749

RESUMO

Calotropis gigantea is often found in mining areas with heavy metal pollution. However, little is known about the physiological and molecular response mechanism of C. gigantea to Cd stress. In the present study, Cd tolerance characteristic of C. gigantea and the potential mechanisms were explored. Seed germination test results showed that C. gigantea had a certain Cd tolerance capacity. Biochemical and transcriptomic analysis indicated that the roots and leaves of C. gigantea had different responses to early Cd stress. A total of 176 and 1618 DEGs were identified in the roots and leaves of C. gigantea treated with Cd compared to the control samples, respectively. Results indicated that oxidative stress was mainly initiated in the roots of C. gigantea, whereas the leaves activated several Cd detoxification processes to cope with Cd, including the upregulation of genes involved in Cd transport (i.e., absorption, efflux, or compartmentalization), cell wall remodeling, antioxidant system, and chelation. This study provides preliminary information to understand how C. gigantea respond to Cd stress, which is useful for evaluating the potential of C. gigantea in the remediation of Cd-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Calotropis , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Calotropis/genética , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/genética , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Transcriptoma
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(12): 14447-14454, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35290012

RESUMO

The monitoring of proximity-contact events is essential for human-machine interactions, intelligent robots, and healthcare monitoring. We report a dual-modal sensor made with two functionalized optical microfibers (MFs), which is inspired by the somatosensory system of human skin. The integrated sensor with a hierarchical structure gradationally detects finger approaching and touching by measuring the relative humidity (RH) and force-triggered light intensity variations. Specifically, the RH sensory part shows enhanced evanescent absorption, achieving a sensitive RH measurement with a fast response (110 ms), a high resolution (0.11%RH), and a wide working range (10-100%RH). Enabled by the transition from guided modes into radiation modes of the waveguiding MF, the force sensory part exhibits a high sensitivity (6.2%/kPa) and a fast response (up to 1.5 kHz). By using a real-time data processing unit, the proximity-contact sensor (PCS) achieves continuous detection of the full-contact events, including finger approaching, contacting, pressing, releasing, and leaving. As a proof of concept, the electromagnetic-interference-free PCS enables a smart switch system to recognize the proximity and contact of bare/gloved fingers. Moreover, skin humidity detection and respiration monitoring are realized. These initial results pave the way toward a category of optical collaborative devices ranging from human-machine interfaces to multifunctional on-skin healthcare sensors.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Umidade , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Tato
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 3032590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35141332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) to paclitaxel resistance in cervical cancer cells, to determine the underlying mechanism, and to identify novel targets for the treatment of paclitaxel-resistant cervical cancer. METHODS: Paclitaxel-resistant Caski cells (Caski/Taxol cells) were established by intermittently exposing the Caski cells to gradually increasing concentrations of paclitaxel. The association between FOXM1, ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 5 (ABCC5), and cervical cancer cell drug resistance was assessed by overexpressing or knocking down the expression of FOXM1 in Caski or Caski/Taxol cells. The protein and mRNA expression levels, the ratio of cellular apoptosis, and cell migration as well as intracellular drug concentrations were measured in cells following the different treatments. RESULTS: After the successful establishment of resistant Caski/Taxol cells, cell cycle distribution analysis showed that a significantly larger percentage of Caski/Taxol cells was in the G0/G1 stage compared with the Caski cells (P < 0.01), whereas a significantly larger percentage of Caski cells was in the S and G2/M stage compared with the Caski/Taxol cells following treatment with paclitaxel (P < 0.01). Both the protein and mRNA expression levels of FOXM1 and ABCC5 transporters were significantly higher in the paclitaxel-resistant Caski/Taxol cells compared with Caski cells (P < 0.05). Knockdown of FOXM1 significantly lowered the protein expression levels of FOXM1 and ABCC5. Intracellular paclitaxel concentrations were significantly higher amongst the Caski/Taxol cells following the knockdown of FOXM1 by shRNA or Siomycin A (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: FOXM1 promotes drug resistance in cervical cancer cells by regulating ABCC5 gene transcription. The knockdown of FOXM1 with shRNA or Siomycin A promotes paclitaxel-induced cell death by regulating ABCC5 gene transcription.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/genética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Nat Plants ; 8(2): 125-135, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102275

RESUMO

The rapid Cretaceous diversification of flowering plants remains Darwin's 'abominable mystery' despite numerous fossil flowers discovered in recent years. Wildfires were frequent in the Cretaceous and many such early flower fossils are represented by charcoalified fragments, lacking complete delicate structures and surface textures, making their similarity to living forms difficult to discern. Furthermore, scarcity of information about the ecology of early angiosperms makes it difficult to test hypotheses about the drivers of their diversification, including the role of fire in shaping flowering plant evolution. We report the discovery of two exquisitely preserved fossil flower species, one identical to the inflorescences of the extant crown-eudicot genus Phylica and the other recovered as a sister group to Phylica, both preserved as inclusions together with burned plant remains in Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar (~99 million years ago). These specialized flower species, named Phylica piloburmensis sp. nov. and Eophylica priscastellata gen. et sp. nov., exhibit traits identical to those of modern taxa in fire-prone ecosystems such as the fynbos of South Africa, and provide evidence of fire adaptation in angiosperms.


Assuntos
Âmbar , Rhamnaceae , Ecossistema , Fósseis , Mianmar
18.
Cancer Cell ; 40(4): 365-378.e6, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35216678

RESUMO

Tumor cell intrinsic ferroptosis-initiating mechanisms are unknown. Here, we discover that T cell-derived interferon (IFN)γ in combination with arachidonic acid (AA) induces immunogenic tumor ferroptosis, serving as a mode of action for CD8+ T cell (CTL)-mediated tumor killing. Mechanistically, IFNγ stimulates ACSL4 and alters tumor cell lipid pattern, thereby increasing incorporations of AA into C16 and C18 acyl chain-containing phospholipids. Palmitoleic acid and oleic acid, two common C16 and C18 fatty acids in blood, promote ACSL4-dependent tumor ferroptosis induced by IFNγ plus AA. Moreover, tumor ACSL4 deficiency accelerates tumor progression. Low-dose AA enhances tumor ferroptosis and elevates spontaneous and immune checkpoint blockade (ICB)-induced anti-tumor immunity. Clinically, tumor ACSL4 correlates with T cell signatures and improved survival in ICB-treated cancer patients. Thus, IFNγ signaling paired with selective fatty acids is a natural tumor ferroptosis-promoting mechanism and a mode of action of CTLs. Targeting the ACSL4 pathway is a potential anti-cancer approach.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos , Humanos
19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(1): 42-50, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35224924

RESUMO

We examined the effects of nitrogen addition (0, 30, 60, and 90 kg N·hm-2·a-1) to soil microbial biomass, enzyme activities, and nutrient contents of the Pinus massoniana-Quercus variabilis mixed plantations in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, with the aim to provide a theoretical basis for predicting soil carbon dynamics under the background of continuously increasing atmospheric nitrogen deposition in this area. The results showed that nitrogen addition at all levels led to a significant increase of the contents of organic carbon, total nitrogen, microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), and microbial biomass phosphorus (MBP) in the forest soil, while a decrease of soil pH-value, and no significant effect on the total phosphorus content. Nitrogen addition increased the activities of ß-1-4 glucosidase (BG), cellobiose hydrolase (CB), acid phosphatase (AP), N-acetylglucosaminosidase (NAG) and peroxidase (POD), while inhibited that of polyphenol oxidase (PPO). There was a significant seasonal variation in soil oxidase activities, in which the peroxidase activity was higher in May and August, and the polyphenol oxidase activity was the highest in August. Soil enzyme activities were significantly correlated with soil moisture and the contents of soil nutrients, MBC, MBN, and MBP. The variation of soil enzyme activities was caused by the comprehensive effects of multiple factors. The redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that the contents of total soil nitrogen and MBC were the main environmental factors driving soil enzyme activities. The continuous increase of atmosphere nitrogen deposition would lead to soil acidification and promote the turnover of soil organic carbon and nutrient cycling in the Pinus massoniana-Quercus variabilis mixed plantations of the study area.


Assuntos
Pinus , Quercus , Biomassa , Carbono/análise , China , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(1): 90-4, 2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the method and clinical effect of modified Chevron osteotomy of the distal end of the first metatarsal in the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus. METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2019, 28 patients(30 feet) with moderate and severe hallux valgus were treated with modified Chevron osteotomy combined with lateral soft tissue release of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, including 2 males (2 feet) and 26 females (28 feet). The age ranged from 35 to 74 (57.3±9.3) years;10 feet on the left, 16 feet on the right, 2 cases on both sides(4 feet);the course of disease was 3 to 12 (9.32±3.89) years. The changes of hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and second metatarsals and distal metatarsal articular angle(DMAA) of the first metatarsal were measured and compared before and 6 months after operation. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) thumb joint scoring system was used to evaluate the curative effect. RESULTS: All 28 patients were followed up for 8 to 16 (11.28±3.42) months. The incision healed well in all patients, and there were no complications such as incision infection and metatarsal head necrosis. The healing time of osteotomy site was 6 to 10(7.12±1.34) weeks. Preoperative HVA, IMA, DMAA and AOFAS were (36.06±6.02) °, (21.78±4.16) °, (8.21±2.65) ° and (52.90±10.97) respectively, at six months after operation, they were (8.87±2.46) °, (11.66±2.84) °, (3.65±1.00) ° and (87.45±10.55) respectively, there was significant difference between preoperative and 6 months after operation(P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, AOFAS score was excellent in 20 feet, good in 7 feet and poor in 3 feet. Among the 3 patients with poor scores, 2 were excellent after revision, and 1 was significantly improved after using custom insoles. CONCLUSION: Modified Chevron can effectively correct HVA, IMA and DMAA and improve functional recovery. The modified Chevron osteotomy increases the moving distance and the contact of the osteotomy surface. It can be fixed with multiple screws, has strong correction ability, and can exercise early. It is one of the optional methods for the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Resultado do Tratamento
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