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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17645, 2020 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077795

RESUMO

Estuaries are dynamic and selective environments that provide frequent opportunities for the turnover of Phragmites australis populations. We studied Phragmites genetic diversity patterns in three of the major deltas of China, viz. the Yellow River, the Yangtze and the Liaohe, in relation to Phragmites global phylogeography and soil salinity. We found that two distantly related P. australis haplotypes, each with intercontinental distribution, co-occur in these deltas in China. One is European Phragmites (Haplotype O) and is related to P. japonicus; the other (Haplotype P) has its range in East Asia and Australia and is related to the Asian tropical species P. karka. The two haplotypes have differing salt tolerance, with Haplotype O in areas with the highest salinity and Haplotype P in areas with the lowest. Introgressed hybrids of Haplotype P with P. karka, and F1 hybrids with Haplotype O, have higher salt tolerance than Haplotype P. Phylogenetic diversity appears as the factor that better explains population structure and salinity tolerance in these estuaries. Future research may explain whether the two P. australis haplotypes evolved in East Asia, and East Asia is a center of Phragmites diversity, or are introduced and a threat to P. japonicus and P. karka.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 747: 141214, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795794

RESUMO

Coastal marshes have a significant capacity to sequester carbon; however, sea-level rise (SLR) is expected to result in prolonged flooding and saltwater intrusion in coastal regions. To explore the effects of SLR projections on net CO2 uptake in coastal marshes, we conducted a "double-check" investigation, including the eddy covariance (EC) measurements of the CO2 fluxes in subtropical coastal marshes along inundation and salinity gradients, in combination with a mesocosm experiment for analyzing CO2 flux components under waterlogging and increased salinity conditions. During the same measurement periods, the net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEEEC based on the EC dataset) in an oligohaline marsh was higher than that in a low-elevation mesohaline marsh, whereas the NEEEC was lower than that in a high-elevation freshwater marsh. The declines in NEEEC between the marshes could be attributed to a greater decrease in gross primary production relative to ecosystem respiration. Waterlogging slightly increased the NEEms (NEE based on the mesocosms) because of inhibited soil respiration and slight changes in plant photosynthesis and shoot respiration. However, the NEEms measured during the drainage period decreased significantly due to the stimulated soil respiration. The NEEms decreased with increasing salinity (except under mild salinity), and waterlogging exacerbated the adverse impacts of salinity. The amplificatory effect of decreases in both leaf photosynthesis and growth under hydrological stresses contributed more to reduce the NEEms than to respiratory effluxes. Both waterlogging and increased salinity reduced the root biomass, soil microbial biomass, and activities of assayed soil enzymes (except for cellulase under waterlogging conditions), leading to limited soil respiration. The declines in plant growth, photosynthesis, and soil respiration could also be attributed to the decrease in soil nutrients under waterlogging and increased salinity conditions. We propose that the coupling of SLR-driven hydrological effects lowers the capacity of CO2 uptake in subtropical coastal marshes.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Áreas Alagadas , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Ecossistema , Elevação do Nível do Mar , Solo
3.
Interv Neuroradiol ; : 1591019920938965, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611214

RESUMO

Subdural contrast effusion secondary to endovascular treatment is exceptionally rare and might be mistaken as subdural hematoma because of similar hyperattenuation on computer tomography. The authors present the case of a 13-month-old girl with a history of increased head circumference and developmental retardation. Cerebral digital subtraction angiography showed a high-flow pial arteriovenous fistula fed by multiple arteries on the right cerebellar surface, with occlusion of the right sigmoid sinus and severe stenosis of the left sigmoid sinus. Staged endovascular treatments were performed to eliminate the fistula. Follow-up head computer tomography scans performed 3 h after both procedures demonstrated typical high-density subdural effusion with computer tomography attenuation value similar to hemorrhage. These effusions did not aggravate the condition and disappeared spontaneously 32 h after the first treatment and 29 h after the second, respectively.

4.
Clin Biochem ; 84: 63-72, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is pleomorphic congenital hyperammonemia, in which the prognosis of the patient is determined both by genotype and environmental factors. This study investigated the clinical and biochemical characteristics of OTCD patients with different prognosis. METHOD: Of 35 OTCD patients, six males deceased at the first disease-onset, 17 males survived and had controllable ammonia levels after treatment, and 12 females survived through the first disease-onset but had intractable hyperammonemia and high mortality. Fasting blood samples from patients collected at three disease stages were used for the analysis of amino acid (AA) profile, acylcarnitine profile, and micronutrients. Differences in profiles between patients and healthy controls and within patient groups were studied. RESULTS: All OTCD patients had accumulation of glutamine, homocitrulline, lysine, glutamate, cystathionine, and pipecolic acid, as well as deficiency of citrulline, tryptophan, threonine, and carnitine. For male non-survivors, most other AAs and long-chain acylcarnitines were elevated at disease onset, of which the levels of creatine, N-acetylaspartic acid, and homoarginine were remarkably high. Male survivors and female patients had most other AAs at low to normal levels. Compared with male survivors, female patients had much lower protein-intolerance, as indicated by significantly lower levels of protein consumption indicators, including essential AAs, 1-methylhistidine, acylcarnitines et al., but high levels of ammonia. Female patients still had significantly higher levels of citrulline, homocitrulline, and citrulline/arginine compared to male survivors. CONCLUSION: Unique profiles were observed in each group of OTCD patients, indicating specific physiological changes that happened to them.

5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3497-3503, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379018

RESUMO

A novel rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain RZ05T, was isolated from a sand sample collected from the intertidal zone of the Yellow Sea, PR China. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RZ05T clusters within the genus Maribacter, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and has the highest sequence similarity to Maribacter polysiphoniae KCTC 22021T (97.8 %), followed by Maribacter arenosus KCTC 52191T (97.2 %). Cells of this strain were observed to be aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, motile by gliding and formed yellow colonies. Growth occurred at 7-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0.5-6 % (optimum, 2 %) NaCl. Its polar lipid profile included phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified glycolipids, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C16 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, summed feature 9 (10-methyl C16 : 0/iso-C17 : 1 ω9c) and summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH/C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). The only respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The genome of strain RZ05T was 4.65 Mbp with a G+C content of 38.9 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain RZ05T and its most closely related type strain M. polysiphoniae KCTC 22021T were 80.3 and 26.3  %, respectively. The results of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses indicated that strain RZ05T represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacter luteus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RZ05T (=KCTC 62834T=MCCC 1K03617T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 36(10): 929-933, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223457

RESUMO

Background: A considerable proportion of pediatric disease burden is mainly caused by inborn errors of metabolism. Succinic semi-aldehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is an unusual disorder of the gamma-aminobutyric acid metabolism. Till date, very few cases have been reported in China.Case presentation: Trio-WES was used to characterize the ALDH5A1 gene in two children of a Chinese family, who presented with seizures, psychomotor delay, development regression, borderline cognition, hypotonia, and harbored the compound heterozygotes NM_001080.3: c.1321G > A (p. Gly441Arg) and c.727_735del (p. Leu243_Ser245del). The former has been reported earlier (rs1041467895), whereas the latter is novel. Amino acid coding at highly conserved amino acid residues was observed to be altered by both mutations. This structural impairment influenced the enzyme structure as indicated by the in silico protein modeling. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging of the proband and her brother showed excessive gap in the cerebrum and abnormal signals in the bilateral frontal lobe, bilateral basal ganglia, and cerebral foot. Elevated levels of Gamma-hydroxybutyric aciduria were found in their patients on urine organic acid analysis.Conclusion: Our findings contribute to the current knowledge of missense and deletion mutations associated with SSADH deficiency.

7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(2): 542-550, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965727

RESUMO

AIMS: RBP4 is an adipokine with adverse effects on cardiovascular system. Increased circulating retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been linked to chronic heart failure (CHF). However, whether elevated RBP4 is correlated with a poor prognosis in elderly patients with CHF remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum RBP4 in elderly patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 934 consecutive elderly patients (aged 60 years and older) with CHF and 138 age-matched and sex-matched control subjects in a prospective cohort study and explored the association of serum RBP4 levels with the clinical outcomes using multivariate Cox regression analyses. Serum RBP4 levels were elevated in CHF patients when compared with controls (46.66 ± 12.38 µg/mL vs. 40.71 ± 7.2 µg/mL, P < 0.001). Patients with the highest RBP4 concentrations had higher N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels but lower left ventricular eject fraction (LVEF) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (P < 0.001). Serum RBP4 levels were increased as the New York Heart Association functional class increased and LVEF decreased (P < 0.001) and were negatively correlated with LVEF (r = -0.154, P < 0.001) but positively correlated with NT-proBNP levels (r = 0.074, P = 0.023). Multivariate Cox regression analysis suggested that log RBP4 was an independent predictor for major adverse cardiac event(s) [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.19-5.70], together with age, male, LVEF, log NT-proBNP, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. Moreover, log RBP4 was also an independent predictor for cardiovascular mortality (HR = 2.24, 95% CI = 1.35-5.39) and CHF rehospitalization (HR = 2.54, 95% CI = 1.09-5.60) even after adjustment for the established adverse prognostic factors for CHF. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that high concentration of RBP4 was a prognostic indicator of major adverse cardiac event(s) in patients with CHF. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate for the first time that elevated serum RBP4 is correlated with worse outcome in elderly patients with CHF.

8.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(4): 449-458, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701358

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-weakly positive bacterial strain with polar or subpolar flagellum, designated RZ04T, was isolated from an intertidal sand sample collected from a coastal area of the Yellow Sea, China. The organism was observed to grow optimally at 25 °C and pH 6.5-7.0 with 2% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RZ04T was closely related to Colwellia asteriadis (similarity 96.9%) and Litorilituus sediminis (similarity 96.8%), and 94.4-96.4% sequence similarities to other type strains of species of the genera belonged to the family Colwelliaceae. The dominant fatty acids of strain RZ04T were determined to be C17:1ω8c, C15:1ω8c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was determined to be quinone 8 (Q-8). Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids were determined to be the major constituents of the polar lipids. The genome of strain RZ04T is 4.14 Mbp with a G + C content of 37.4 mol%. A total of 3631 genes are predicted, with 3531 protein-coding genes, 75 RNA genes and 25 pseudogenes. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain RZ04T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Litorilituus, for which the name Litorilituus lipolyticus is proposed. The type strain is RZ04T (= MCCC 1K03616T = KCTC 62835T). An emended description of Colwellia asteriadis is also provided.


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alteromonadaceae/genética , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Oceanos e Mares , Filogenia , Areia , Especificidade da Espécie
9.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(8): 2783-2792, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418204

RESUMO

In the past decade, the number of islands fixed link with mainland has been increasing rapidly. The construction of such projects improves the accessibility of islands, which results in a rapid increase of tourists and economic income. However, the rapid change of land use and increases of tourists will make the islands more vulnerable. It is urgent to formulate ecosystem management strategy for island ecosystems based on the scientifical prediction of the island ecological vulnerability and accurate identification of sensitive areas. Island ecological vulnerability assessment model was used to evaluate the ecological vulnerability of Zhujiajian Island. Taking 2015 as the starting date, we simulated the changes of tourists and land use, as well as the changes of island ecological vulnerability in the next 20 years. Then, the management strategy was formulated based on the vulnerability assessment and sensitive analysis. The results showed that the ecosystem of Zhujiajian Island was in good condition now, with limited area at moderate and severe vulnerable status. With the rapid increases of tourists and island development intensity, the ecological vulnerability of the island tended to more vulnerability with the increases of severe vulnerability and shrink of low vulnerability. According to the vulnerability assessment and sensitivity analysis, the Zhujiajian Island could be divided into prohibited development zones, restricted development zones and conditional development zones with different ecosystem management strategies.


Assuntos
Ecologia , Ecossistema , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ilhas , Modelos Teóricos
10.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(11): 1645-1653, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218499

RESUMO

A bacterial strain designated RZ03T was isolated from an intertidal sand sample from the Yellow Sea in China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Cells of strain RZ03T were observed to be Gram-stain negative, aerobic, and oxidase and catalase positive rods showing gliding motility and forming yellow colonies. Growth was found to occur at 7-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0) and with 0.5-5% NaCl (optimum, 1.5-2%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicates that strain RZ03T clusters within members of the genus Flavivirga of the family Flavobacteriaceae and is closely related to the type strains Flavivirga amylovorans JCM 17112T and Flavivirga jejuensis JCM 17113T (97.9% and 97.5% similarity, respectively). The predominant cellular fatty acids are iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, iso-C17:0 3-OH and iso-C15:0 3-OH and the major respiratory quinone is MK-6. Polar lipids include phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids, an unidentified phospholipid and four unidentified lipids. The genome of strain RZ03T is 4.88 Mbp with a G+C content of 32.2 mol%. A total of 4152 genes are predicted, with 4052 protein-coding genes, 51 RNA genes and 49 pseudogenes. This polyphasic study suggests that strain RZ03T represents a novel species in the genus Flavivirga, for which the name Flavivirga rizhaonensis is proposed. The type strain is RZ03T(= KCTC 62833T = MCCC 1K03615T).


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Areia/microbiologia , Composição de Bases , Flavobacteriaceae/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 2441, 2018 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402891

RESUMO

The ecophysiological characteristics of native Phragmites australis and exotic Spartina alterniflora grown under waterlogging and salinity were investigated to explore their adaptation potential to sea level rise. The seasonal course of phenotypic traits, photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of P. australis did not change remarkably under shallow flooding, whereas these variables were sensitive to increasing salinity. Waterlogging exacerbated the negative effects of salinity on shoot growth and photosynthetic activity of P. australis, and the combined stresses led to an absence of tassel and reproductive organs. By contrast, S. alterniflora performed well under both stresses and showed an obvious adaptation of salt secretion with increasing salinity. Light salinity was the optimal condition for S. alterniflora, and the tassel growth, chlorophyll content and fluorescence characters under moderate stresses did not differ notably. The Na+ and Cl- concentrations in leaves of both species increased, and the K+ content decreased in response to salinity. Under moderate and high saline levels, the ion concentrations in S. alterniflora were maintained at relatively consistent levels with increased salt secretion. We expect the degradation of P. australis and further colonization of S. alterniflora under prolonged flooding and saltwater intrusion from sea level rise on the coastline of China.

12.
J Food Prot ; 81(2): 233-239, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29323531

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the major toxic secondary metabolites produced by Fusarium fungi in cereal grains. Among the many promising strategies of DON detoxification are the microbial and enzymatic ones, which transform DON to nontoxic DON metabolites. Thus, proper analytical methods are needed for those DON metabolites. In this study, a robust gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) procedure was developed and validated for the simultaneous analysis of DON and two of its bacterial metabolites, 3-keto-DON and 3- epi-DON. The procedure involves a straightforward vacuum drying and derivatization step before the subsequent GC-MS analysis. Following the optimized protocol, DON and these two metabolites were separated on a capillary column within 15 min. The linear ranges for the these compounds were 10 to 2,000 ng mL-1 with correlation coefficients >0.99. For DON, 3- epi-DON, and 3-keto-DON, the limits of detection were 0.8, 3.0, and 0.05 ng mL-1, and the limits of quantification were 2.6, 10.0, and 1.0 ng mL-1, respectively. For all three compounds, the obtained relative standard deviation was 1.2 to 5.5%, and the recovery rates were 89.5 to 103.6%. The developed method was further validated by analyzing DON metabolites resulting from the biotransformation of DON initiated by cell-free lysates of the bacterium Devosia mutans 17-2-E-8. The developed protocol was sensitive, precise, accurate, and robust for the determination of DON, 3- epi-DON, and 3-keto-DON in liquid media and potentially other complex matrices without interference from other compounds.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Hyphomicrobiaceae/metabolismo , Tricotecenos/química , Tricotecenos/metabolismo
13.
Vaccine ; 35(12): 1599-1607, 2017 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228322

RESUMO

The random primer Oligo(dT)15 was used in RT-PCR to obtain cDNA from the human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (hGM-CSF) gene and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) gene BZLF1. Then, the sequence splicing overlap extension method was used to obtain a GCBF fusion gene containing a linker sequence that encoded the polypeptide (Gly4Ser)3. The GCBF fusion gene was inserted into pMV261, which was then transformed into competent E. coli DH5 alpha cells, and positive cells were selected based on kanamycin resistance on LB plates. The recombinant plasmid pMVBZLF1 was extracted from E. coli, and BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) was transformed into competent cells. According to the RT-PCR results, the target genes hGM-CSF and BZLF1 were 461bp and 788bp in size, which was in agreement with the expected values. Construction of the recombinant plasmid by double enzyme digestion, amplification, sequencing and Western blotting confirmed that the GCBF fusion gene (1204bp) was correctly inserted into pMV261, successfully transformed into BCG competent cells, and properly expressed. After mice were injected with rBCG (recombinant BCG), antibody levels were detected using ELISA, and spleen cells were obtained and the killing rates of specific CTLs by rBCG were detected using a CTL assay kit. Then, the influence of rBCG on tumour cells was analysed in C57BL/6 mice. We found that rBCG-secreting cytokines hybridized with hGM-CSF and BZLF1 antibodies and that the rBCG vaccine stimulated antibody production in C57BL/6 mice. The specific cytotoxic effects of the spleen cells from the rBCG group on EB virus-positive tumour cells was significantly different from the cytotoxic effects of the control group cells (P<0.01). CD8+ T and CD4+ T lymphocytes were detected in the tumour tissues of the rBCG group mice by flow cytometry, indicating that CD8+ T and CD4+ T lymphocytes infiltrated into the tumour tissue in the mice. Morphological observations of the tumour sections from the rBCG-immunized mice showed the infiltration of lymphocytes into the tumour tissues. The average rBCG tumour volume was less than the average tumour volume of the control group. Thus, rBCG may inhibit the growth of EB virus-positive tumour cells in mice.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/metabolismo , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Portadores de Fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Mycobacterium bovis/genética , Transativadores/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/genética , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Testes Imunológicos de Citotoxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Linfoma/terapia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética
14.
Oncol Lett ; 12(5): 3385-3392, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27900009

RESUMO

The aim of the present retrospective analysis on the macroscopic appearance and pathological characteristics of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) was to investigate methods for their early diagnosis and treatment. A total of 78 patients were divided into submucosal NET and deeper invasion NET groups, according to the depth of tumor invasion exhibited by the patients. The clinicopathological characteristics and survival time of the NET patients were analyzed and compared. The pathological characteristics of the submucosal NETs group were investigated according to the diameter of the tumor (≤5.0 mm, 5.1-10.0 mm or >10.0 mm). The depth of invasion at diagnosis was observed to significantly correlate with histopathological classification, diameter of the tumor, macroscopic appearance, growth pattern, lymphatic-vascular involvement, lymph node (LN) metastasis and distant metastasis. In the submucosal NETs group, high-grade tumors with lymphatic or venule invasion and distant metastasis were associated with an increased risk of nodal metastases. In patients with minute tumors (≤5.0 mm), no lymphatic-vascular involvement, LN or distant metastasis was observed. By contrast, patients with tumors measuring 5.1-10.0 mm in diameter exhibited high lymphatic-vascular involvement and LN metastasis rates (46.2 and 30.8%, respectively). Survival time was significantly longer in patients with submucosal NETs compared with deeper invasion NETs and in patients with NET G1 and NET G2 compared with NEC. The results of the present study indicate that gastrointestinal submucosal NETs are closely associated with a slightly elevated macroscopic type, low-grade tumors and a small diameter. These features may contribute to early diagnosis of gastrointestinal NETs. Therefore, a tumor diameter of <5.0 mm, with slightly elevated macroscopic appearance may indicate an absolute requirement for endoscopic resection, while tumors measuring 5.1-10.0 mm in diameter must be considered carefully.

15.
Infect Genet Evol ; 45: 447-453, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27742446

RESUMO

We previously demonstrated that the survival time of BALB/c mice challenged with Toxoplasma gondii RH strain was prolonged by immunising the mice with a eukaryotic vector expressing the protein ROP16 of T. gondii. Building upon previous findings, we are exploring improved vaccination strategies to enhance protection. In this work, a novel recombinant canine adenovirus type 2 expressing ROP16 (CAV-2-ROP16) of T. gondii was constructed and identified to express ROP16 in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) cells by western blot (WB) and indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) assays. Intramuscular immunisation of BALB/c mice with CAV-2-ROP16 was performed to evaluate the humoral and cellular immune responses. This vaccination triggered significant humoral and cellular responses, including ROP16-stimulated lymphoproliferation (P<0.05). Compared to control groups, the CAV-2-ROP16 immunised mice had high production of IFN-γ, IL-2 and IL-12 (P<0.05), with a predominance of IgG2a production, but not IL-10 (P>0.05), revealing that a predominant Th1-type response had developed. The cell-mediated cytotoxic activity with high levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α was significantly increased in both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell compartments in the mice immunised with CAV-2-ROP16 (P<0.05), compared to three control groups. In addition, when immunised mice were challenged with the RH strain of T. gondii, they showed a significantly increased survival rate (25%) 80days post infection compared with control mice that all died within seven days (P<0.05). The 25% protection rate elicited by the recombinant virus CAV-2-ROP16 has not been achieved in the field of anti-T. gondii vaccination until now. Our work presents the successful use of recombinant virus CAV-2-ROP16 in vaccination protocols to protect against intraperitoneal challenge with the virulent RH strain of T. gondii. This system was shown to be extremely efficient in eliciting humoral and cellular immune responses that led to a significant improvement in survival time in mice.


Assuntos
Adenovirus Caninos/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/imunologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/imunologia , Vacinas Protozoárias/imunologia , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Toxoplasmose Animal/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Cães , Feminino , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/química , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Vacinas Protozoárias/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Protozoárias/química , Vacinas Protozoárias/genética , Baço/citologia , Baço/imunologia , Toxoplasmose Animal/parasitologia , Vacinas de DNA/administração & dosagem , Vacinas de DNA/química , Vacinas de DNA/genética , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia
16.
Sci Rep ; 6: 28466, 2016 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27334452

RESUMO

The impacts of sea-level rise (SLR) on coastal ecosystems have attracted worldwide attention in relation to global change. In this study, the salt marsh model for the Yangtze Estuary (SMM-YE, developed in China) and the Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM, developed in the U.S.) were used to simulate the effects of SLR on the coastal salt marshes in eastern China. The changes in the dominant species in the plant community were also considered. Predictions based on the SLAMM indicated a trend of habitat degradation up to 2100; total salt marsh habitat area continued to decline (4-16%) based on the low-level scenario, with greater losses (6-25%) predicted under the high-level scenario. The SMM-YE showed that the salt marshes could be resilient to threats of SLR through the processes of accretion of mudflats, vegetation expansion and sediment trapping by plants. This model predicted that salt marsh areas increased (3-6%) under the low-level scenario. The decrease in the total habitat area with the SMM-YE under the high-level scenario was much lower than the SLAMM prediction. Nevertheless, SLR might negatively affect the salt marsh species that are not adapted to prolonged inundation. An adaptive strategy for responding to changes in sediment resources is necessary in the Yangtze Estuary.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 7: 572, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27148248

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by several Fusarium species that infest wheat and corn. Food and feed contaminated with DON pose a health risk to both humans and livestock and form a major barrier for international trade. Microbial detoxification represents an alternative approach to the physical and chemical detoxification methods of DON-contaminated grains. The present study details the characterization of a novel bacterium, Devosia mutans 17-2-E-8, that is capable of transforming DON to a non-toxic stereoisomer, 3-epi-deoxynivalenol under aerobic conditions, mild temperature (25-30°C), and neutral pH. The biotransformation takes place in the presence of rich sources of organic nitrogen and carbon without the need of DON to be the sole carbon source. The process is enzymatic in nature and endures a high detoxification capacity (3 µg DON/h/10(8) cells). The above conditions collectively suggest the possibility of utilizing the isolated bacterium as a feed treatment to address DON contamination under empirical field conditions.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(5): 1417-1426, 2016 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732802

RESUMO

The salt marsh plant communities were investigated with quadrats in the southern Chongming Dongtan. Based on the vegetation coverage and the 2×2 contingency table, 8 common species among the 17 higher plants recorded were analyzed. The variance ratio of overall association, Chi-square test and Spearman rank correlation coefficient were used to describe the relevance and correlations between species pairs. The results showed that W (48.61), a statistical index to test the variance ratio (VR=0.61), fell outside of the range of Chi-square test, indicating that the overall correlation of all vegetation species was significantly negative. According to the environment adaptation mode of dominant species and the main influencing factors, the species were divided into 4 ecological groups, i.e., Phragmites australis, Carex scabrifolia-Scirpus triqueter - Juncellus serotinus, Spartina alterniflora - Scirpus mariqueter, Echinochloa crusgalli - Imperata cylindrica, based on the ranking of Spearman correlation coefficient. The inter-specific relationships in the salt marsh plant community of southern Chongming Dongtan were complicated and extremely unstable with species sensitive to environmental impacts. According to the analysis of relationships between the species and their pre-sent distribution, we suggested using S. mariqueter as target species to provide strategies for protecting native species based habitats.


Assuntos
Cyperaceae/fisiologia , Estuários , Poaceae/fisiologia , Áreas Alagadas , China
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 37(7): 2443-2452, 2016 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964449

RESUMO

The shipboard measurements of aerosol number concentration from August 28th to October 13th, 2012 were conducted to analyze the characteristics of temporal-spatial distribution and number size distribution of marine aerosol in the South China Sea. The impact of meteorological condition on the marine aerosol was also analyzed in this paper. The result showed that the temporal-spatial distribution and number size distribution of marine aerosol were influenced by the backward trajectory of the air masses and the time they spent over the sea, and the meteorological conditions in the local sea area such as wind speed, wind direction, temperature, relative humidity and cloud cover. In terms of temporal-spatial distribution of marine aerosol in the South China Sea, the aerosol in the sea areas under the influence of continental air mass concentration showed much higher concentration than that in the clean maritime air mass (2300 cm-3 vs. 1200 cm-3). During the ship observation, three kinds of number size distribution of marine aerosol were found and classified:polluted type, marine type 1 and marine type 2 (clean). All the distributions had a similar sub-micron mode and a similar coarse mode. The marine type 2 (clean) had the same distribution shape as polluted type except that the value of concentration was much lower. The sub-micron peak of marine type 1 appeared near 0.08 µm and its concentration was significantly higher than that of marine type 2 (clean). Non-precipitating clouds as well as abundant moisture contributed to the growth of ultrafine particles to the size of accumulation mode aerosol (0.05-0.12 µm). Number concentration of particles in this range showed weak positive correlation with wind speed since wind can enhance the efficiency of sea-air exchange and accelerate the release of gas precursors of sulfate aerosol to the atmosphere. The concentration of coarse particles ranging from 0.5-6 µm in diameter strongly depended on the wind speed, and the correlation coefficient reached a value of 0.7.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 26(5): 1510-8, 2015 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26571672

RESUMO

According to the interpreted results of three satellite images of Dongzhai Harbour obtained in 1988, 1998 and 2009, the changes of landscape pattern and the differences of its driving forces of mangrove forest in Dongzhai Harbour were analyzed with a patch-based method on spatial distribution dynamics. The results showed that the areas of mangrove forest in 1988, 1998 and 2009 were 1809.4, 1738.7 and 1608.2 hm2 respectively, which presented a trend of decrease with enhanced degree of landscape fragmentation. The transformations among different landscape types indicated that the mangrove, agricultural land and forest land were mainly changed into built-up land and aquaculture pond. The statistical results obtained from three different methods, i.e., accumulative counting, percentage counting and main transformation route counting, showed that natural factors were the main reason for the changes of patch number, responsible for 58.6%, 72.2% and 72.1% of patch number change, respectively, while the percentages of patch area change induced by human activities were 70.4%, 70.3% and 76.4%, respectively, indicating that human activities were the primary factors of the change of patch areas.


Assuntos
Avicennia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Imagens de Satélites , Áreas Alagadas , Agricultura , China , Florestas , Árvores
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