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1.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 4(3): 45, 2013 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23673003

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI), and its more severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are syndromes of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure resulting from a variety of direct and indirect injuries to the gas exchange parenchyma of the lungs. Current treatment of ALI/ARDS is primarily supportive, with lung protective ventilation and fluid conserving strategies. Despite improvement in these strategies, recent data indicate that the mortality of ALI/ARDS is still as high as 30 to 50%. Thus, there is a need for innovative therapies to further improve clinical outcomes of ALI/ARDS. Recent studies involving the administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for the treatment of experimental ALI/ARDS have shown promising results. This review focuses on existing studies that have tested the use of MSCs in models of ALI/ARDS, and the potential mechanisms underlying their therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia , Animais , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Comunicação Parácrina
2.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol ; 23(7): 775-80, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23412208

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical mechanisms of treatment of thoracolumbar compression fracture with pedicle screws at injury level based on a three-dimensional finite element method. We constructed one three-dimensional finite element model of T11-L1 in a patient with a compression fracture of the T12 vertebral body(anterior edges of vertebral body were compressed to 1/2, and kyphosis Cobb angle was 18.6°) fixed by four pedicle screws and another model fixed by six pedicle screws at the injured vertebrae, and then assigned different forces to the two models to account for axial compression, flexion, extension, left lateral bending, and rightward axial rotation by Ansys software. After different loading forces were applied to the models, we recorded stress measurements on the vertebral pedicle screws, as well as the maximum displacement of T11. The stress distribution suggested that stress concentration was appreciable at the root of the pedicle screws under different loading modalities. Under axial compression, flexion, extension, left lateral bending, and rightward axial rotation load, the stress for the superior screw was significantly greater than the stress for the inferior screw (P < 0.05). The stress in the six pedicle screw fixation model was significantly decreased compared to the four screw interbody fusion model (P < 0.05), but the maximum displacement of T11 between two models under different loadings was not statistically different. The use of pedicle screws at injured vertebral bodies may optimize internal fixation load and reduce the incidence of broken screws.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas por Compressão/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Estresse Mecânico , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
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