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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392033

RESUMO

The aqueous zinc ion battery has emerged as a promising alternative technology for large-scale energy storage due to its low cost, natural abundance, and high safety features. However, the sluggish kinetics stemming from the strong electrostatic interaction of divalent zinc ions in the host crystal structure is one of challenges for highly efficient energy storage. Oxygen vacancies (VO••), in the present work, lead to a larger tunnel structure along the b axis, which improves the reactive kinetics and enhances Zn-ion storage capability in VO2 (B) cathode. DFT calculations further support that VO•• in VO2 (B) result in a narrower bandgap and lower Zn ion diffusion energy barrier compared to those of pristine VO2 (B). VO••-rich VO2 (B) achieves a specific capacity of 375 mAh g-1 at a current density of 100 mA g-1 and long-term cyclic stability with retained specific capacity of 175 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1 over 2000 cycles (85% capacity retention), higher than that of VO2 (B) nanobelts (280 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 and 120 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1, 65% capacity retention).

2.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720929992, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452221

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are thought to have great potential in the therapy of acute liver injury. It is possible that these cells may be regulated by the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) signaling axis, which has been shown to promote stem cells migration in the inflammation-associated diseases. However, the effects of SDF-1/CXCR4 axis on the MSCs-transplantation-based treatment for acute liver injury and the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether SDF-1/CXCR4 would augment the therapeutic effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) by promoting their migration, which may result from activating the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway, in a rat acute liver injury model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We found that BMSCs transplantation markedly attenuated liver injury and improved the survival of LPS-treated rats. Of interest, overexpression of CXCR4 in BMSCs could substantially promote their migration both in vitro and in vivo, and result in even better therapeutic effects. This might be attributed to the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in BMSCs that is downstream of CXCR4, as demonstrated by the use of the CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 and PI3K pathway inhibitor LY294002 assays in vitro and in vivo. Together, our results unraveled a novel molecular mechanism for the therapeutic effect of BMSCs for the treatment of acute liver injury, which may shed a new light on the clinical application of BMSCs for acute liver failure.

3.
Anal Chem ; 92(9): 6269-6277, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233396

RESUMO

Aberrant protein phosphorylation and glycosylation are closely associated with a number of diseases. In particular, an interplay between phosphorylation and glycosylation regulates the hyperphosphorylation of protein tau, which is regarded as one of the pathologic features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, simultaneous characterization of these two types of post-translational modifications (PTMs) in the complex biological samples is challenging. TiO2 and the immobilized ion affinity chromatography (IMAC)-based enrichment method suffers from low selectivity and/or low recovery of phosphopeptides and glycopeptides because of the inherent limitations in intermolecular interactions. Here, we introduce a hydrogen bond-based poly[(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-(3-acryloylthioureido)benzoic acid0.2] (referred to as PNI-co-ATBA0.2) as a bifunctional enrichment platform to solve this bottleneck problem. Benefited from multiple hydrogen bonding interactions of ATBA with N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) located at the terminals of sialylated glycans and from favorable conformational transition of the copolymer chains, the smart copolymer has high adsorption capacity (370 mg·g-1) and high recovery (ranging from 74.1% ± 7.0% to 106% ± 5.0% (n = 3)) of sialylated glycopeptides. The smart copolymer also has high selectivity (79%) for simultaneous enrichment of glycopeptides and phosphopeptides from 50 µg HeLa cell lysates, yielding 721 unique phosphorylation sites from 631 phosphopeptides and 125 unique glycosylation sites from 120 glycopeptides. This study will open a new avenue and provide a novel insight for the design of enrichment materials used in PTM-proteomics.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(16): 7627-7637, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243139

RESUMO

The aberrant expression of sialylated glycans (SGs) is closely associated with the occurrence, progression, and metastasis of various cancers, and sialylated glycoproteins have been widely used as clinical biomarkers for cancers. However, the identification and comprehensive analysis of SGs are exceptionally complex, which urgently need an innovative and effective method of capturing SGs from biosamples prior to MS analysis. Here, we report that a novel dynamic covalent chemistry strategy based on Schiff base hydrolysis can be applied to the precise capture of SGs. The prepared glucopyranoside-Schiff base-modified silica gel displays extraordinary enrichment selectivity (even at a ratio of 1:5000 with interference), high adsorption capacity (120 mg·g-1), and satisfying enrichment recovery (95.5%) toward sialylated glycopeptides, contributing to a highly specific, efficient, mild, and reversible SG capturing approach that can remarkably promote the development of glycoproteomics and sialic acid sensing devices and can be considerably promising in cancer biomarker discovery. Meanwhile, the facile hydrolysis characteristic of our Schiff base material completely subverts conventional knowledge of enrichment materials, the chemical stability of which is usually regarded as a prerequisite. Importantly, we find an exciting story hidden behind the Schiff base hydrolysis reaction, which demonstrates the unique advantage of dynamic covalent chemistry in glycoproteomics and biomolecule sensing.

5.
Gene ; 741: 144548, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165292

RESUMO

The Integrator complex (INT) contains several subunits that participate in RNAPII transcription and the 3' end process of non-coding RNAs. INTS11 is the catalytic subunit that interacts with the C-terminal domain of RNAPII, recently found to play a role in embryo development in different experimental models. However, the involvement of INTS11 is still ignorant in crustaceans, particularly in post-diapause embryonic development of Artemia sinica. In the present research, the full-length cDNA of As-Ints11 gene (1964 bp) was cloned from A. sinica by the RACE technique. The deduced 597 amino acids sequence contains the most identifiable domains of the INTs and is highly conserved. Immunofluorescence assay showed that the INTS11 was present at diverse developmental status in A. sinica: the As-INTS11 can be found in both cytoplasm and nucleus of the embryos, and the location showed no specificity in tissue or organ of the nauplius. The expression patterns of As-Ints11 were analyzed by qPCR and Western blotting, which show similar trends that peaked at the 15 h stage of embryo development. Moreover, the expressions of interacting proteins As-INTS9 and As-RNAPII were also detected, results display a synergetic effect with the As-INTS11 at both mRNA and protein levels. We also explored the amount of As-INTS11, As-INTS9 and As-RNAPII under different stresses, and the results indicate that the As-INTS11 is a stress-related protein though the mechanism needs further research. Knocking down of the As-INTS11 resulted in a delay of post-diapaused embryonic development in A. sinica.


Assuntos
Artemia/genética , Diapausa/genética , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Endorribonucleases/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Animais , Artemia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clonagem Molecular , Embrião não Mamífero , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , RNA Mensageiro/genética
6.
Sci Adv ; 6(3): eaay4508, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010770

RESUMO

Monolithic strong magnetic induction at the mtesla to tesla level provides essential functionalities to physical, chemical, and medical systems. Current design options are constrained by existing capabilities in three-dimensional (3D) structure construction, current handling, and magnetic material integration. We report here geometric transformation of large-area and relatively thick (~100 to 250 nm) 2D nanomembranes into multiturn 3D air-core microtubes by a vapor-phase self-rolled-up membrane (S-RuM) nanotechnology, combined with postrolling integration of ferrofluid magnetic materials by capillary force. Hundreds of S-RuM power inductors on sapphire are designed and tested, with maximum operating frequency exceeding 500 MHz. An inductance of 1.24 µH at 10 kHz has been achieved for a single microtube inductor, with corresponding areal and volumetric inductance densities of 3 µH/mm2 and 23 µH/mm3, respectively. The simulated intensity of the magnetic induction reaches tens of mtesla in fabricated devices at 10 MHz.

7.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 412(7): 1497-1508, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025769

RESUMO

Analysis of glycoprotein sialylation is challenging due to the relatively low abundance of sialylated glycopeptides (SGPs) in complex biosamples and low signals of SGPs in mass spectrometry. In this study, a mesoporous poly-melamine-formaldehyde (mPMF) polymer was prepared and utilized as the high-efficiency sorbent for SGPs. The mPMF polymer featured high surface area (755.4 m2 g-1) and high density of amine and triazine functional groups. This polymer demonstrated high enrichment selectivity (resistant to 100 molar fold interference of BSA) and superior adsorption capacity (560 mg g-1) for SGPs. The high performance of mPMF toward SGPs ascribes to the unique physicochemical properties of mPMF and high density of accessible binding sites for glycopeptides. Further application of mPMF to HeLa S3 cell lysate resulted in 576 characterized glycopeptides with 218 unique glycosylation sites. This finding provides a new choice of promising extraction approach for characterization of protein glycosylation. Graphical abstract A mesoporous poly-melamine-formaldehyde (mPMF) polymer was prepared and utilized as the high-efficiency enrichment sorbent for sialylated glycopeptides (SGPs).


Assuntos
Glicopeptídeos/química , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/química , Polímeros/química , Triazinas/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Porosidade
8.
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) ; 104(2): 749-757, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943422

RESUMO

Cecotrophy is a special behaviour of rabbits. Eating soft faeces can improve feed efficiency and maintain gut flora in rabbits. In our previous study, we found that fasting from soft faeces significantly reduced growth rate and total cholesterol (TC) in New Zealand white rabbits (NZW rabbits), thereby resulting in lower values for body weight and fat deposition in the soft faeces fasting group than in the control group. However, it has not been demonstrated whether cecotrophy by NZW rabbits can regulate lipid metabolism by changing the diversity of caecal microorganisms. In this study, thirty-six 28-day-old weaned NZW female rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (the soft faeces fasting group and the control group) and fed to 90 days. Rabbits in the experimental group were treated with an Elizabeth circle to prevent them from eating their soft faeces. Then, the caecal contents of three rabbits from the soft faeces fasting group and three rabbits from the control group were collected for metagenomic sequencing. We found that the abundance of Bacteroides increased, while Ruminococcus decreased, compared with the control group after fasting from soft faeces. Relative abundance was depressed for genes related to metabolic pathways such as ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, riboflavin metabolism and bile secretion. Moreover, there was a general correlation between variation in microbial diversity and fat deposition. Bacteroides affects body weight and TC by participating in the riboflavin metabolism pathway. By investigating the effect of cecotrophy on caecal microorganisms of rabbits, we identified the key microorganisms that regulate the rapid growth performance of NZW rabbits, which may provide useful reference for the future research and development of microecological preparations for NZW rabbits.

9.
J Virol Methods ; 276: 113791, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778678

RESUMO

Following the recommended use of the inactivated poliovirus vaccine from Sabin strains (sIPV) by the WHO, a D antigen-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) 1G10 that recognized the human poliovirus type 1 Sabin strain (PV-I Sabin) was produced for D-antigen potency evaluation on sIPV. Study of the mAb 1G10 showed that it recognized a discontinuous conformational epitope of PV-I Sabin antigen. To identify this epitope quickly, easily and cost-effectively, clues to the epitope's identity were first obtained by employing a novel mimotope strategy based on a phage display library and "in silico" prediction. Then, the conformation of the epitope region, including the amino acid sequence, neutralizing sites, and location of this epitope, was identified using several classic epitope-mapping methods such as synthesized peptides analysis, neutralization assay and site-directed mutagenesis. The mimotope strategy may offer some guidance for achieving epitope identification in a more feasible and effective way. This mAb could be used in an in-house or national and international standard IPV D-antigen potency ELISA kit in the future.

10.
Genomics ; 112(1): 199-206, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707936

RESUMO

Reproductive performance is a complex quantitative trait, that is determined by multiple genes, regulatory pathways and environmental factors. A list of major genes with large effect have been detected, although multiple QTLs are identified. To identify candidate genes for pig prolificacy, whole genome variants from five high- and five low-prolificacy Yorkshire sows were collected using whole-genome resequencing. A total of 13,955,609 SNPs and 2,666,366 indels were detected across the genome. Common differential SNPs and indels were identified between the two groups of sows. Genes encoding components of the TGF-beta signaling pathway were enriched with the variations, including BMP5, BMP6, BMP7, ACVR1, INHBA, ZFYVE9, TGFBR2, DCN, ID4, BAMBI, and ACVR2A. Several differential variants within these genes related to reproductive traits were identified to be associated with litter size. A comparison of selective regions and published QTL data suggests that NEDD9, SLC39A11, SNCA, and UNC5D are candidate genes for reproduction traits.

11.
Int Ophthalmol ; 40(2): 403-410, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630292

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Distribution of intermediate filament (IF) proteins in normal extraocular muscles (EOMs) showed that the EOMs differ significantly from the other muscles in the body with respect to their IFs composition, including desmin and nestin. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathological changes in the medial rectus (MR) in patients with concomitant exotropia (XT). METHODS: Forty-six MR muscle samples from 46 patients with XT were analyzed pathologically and processed for immunohistochemistry with specific antibodies against desmin and nestin. RESULTS: Although most of MR muscles remained normal structures relatively, they presented high expression of desmin, and in contrast, nestin was absent in a large proportion of the MR muscles. CONCLUSION: Desmin, which is downregulated in normal EOMs, had high expression in MR muscles of patients with XT. Nestin, which is present in a high proportion of normal EOMs, was downregulated in MR muscles of patients with XT.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109517, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698267

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a special type of endogenous non-coding RNA that plays an important role in carcinogenesis. However, its biological relevance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still largely uncharacterized. Here, we aimed to explore the function and clinical implication of circ-FOXP1 in HCC. We found that circ-FOXP1 was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues, serum and cell lines., which was attributed to the upregulation of oncogenic transcription factor SOX9. Depletion of circ-FOXP1 significantly inhibited HCC cell proliferation, invasion and induced apoptosis. Nevertheless, overexpression of circ-FOXP1 displayed the opposite trend. Further mechanismic study revealed that circ-FOXP1 was preferentially located in the cytoplasm and could concurrently sponge miR-875-3p and miR-421, resulting in increasing levels of a cohort of their target oncogenes, including SOX9. Moreover, knockdown of circ-FOXP1 evidently retarded tumor growth in vivo, but this effect was significantly abolished after silencing of miR-875-3p or miR-421. Clinically, high circ-FOXP1 was closely correlated with larger tumor size, microvascular invasion, advanced TNM stage, and predicted poor prognosis. In addition, serum circ-FOXP1 level could effectively discriminate HCC patients from healthy controls. Collectively, our data clearly suggest that circ-FOXP1 is a novel driver for the tumorigenesis and aggressive progression of HCC, which provides a potential therapeutic target for patients with HCC.

13.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 4038619, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814801

RESUMO

Anemia is one of the most common complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Hepcidin as a key regulator of iron metabolism is pivotal in mediating the occurrence of anemia of chronic disease. Herein, we analyzed the levels of hepcidin in sera from IBD patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and investigated its potential role in regulating the anemia in IBD. We observed that the levels of serum hepcidin were increased in active IBD patients compared with those in remitted IBD patients and healthy controls and that serum hepcidin was associated with disease activity, CRP, and ESR, respectively. Importantly, we found that the increased levels of serum hepcidin were positively correlated with the severity of anemia and the imbalance of iron metabolism in anemic UC and CD patients. Proinflammatory factors (e.g., IL-6, IL-17, and TNF-α) were positively correlated with the concentrations of serum hepcidin in IBD patients. Interestingly, hepcidin was found to be decreased in patients with Crohn's disease after successful therapy with anti-TNF-α mAb (i.e., infliximab), indicating the underlying association between TNF-α and hepcidin expression. To investigate the specific mechanisms involved, we cultured LO2 and HepG2 cell lines in vitro under stimulation with TNF-α and observed that the levels of hepcidin mRNA were markedly upregulated in caspase-3/8- and NF-κB-dependent manners. Therefore, our data suggest that TNF-α stimulates the expression of hepcidin in IBD patients, resulting in aggravated anemia and that blockage of TNF-α or the caspase-3/8 and NF-κB pathways could downregulate hepcidin expression. This study provides inspiration for the therapy and management of anemia in IBD.

14.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cell cycle checkpoint protein RAD9 is a vital cell cycle regulator in eukaryotic cells. RAD9 is involved in diverse cellular functions by oligomer or monomer. However, the specific mechanism of its activity remains unknown in crustaceans, especially in embryonic diapause resumption of the brine shrimp Artemia sinica. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present article, a 1238 bp full-length cDNA of As-RAD9 gene, encoding 376 amino acids, was obtained from A. sinica. The expression pattern of As-RAD9 was analyzed by qPCR and Western blot. The mRNA expression level climbs to the top at the 10 h stage of embryo development, while the protein expression pattern is generally consistent with qPCR results. Moreover, the As-RADd9 related signaling proteins, As-RAD1, As-HUS1, As-RAD17, and As-CHK1, were also detected. Immunofluorescence assay showed that the location of As-RAD9 did not show tissue or organ specificity, and the intracellular expression was concentrated in the cytoplasm more than in the nucleus. We also explored the amount of As-RAD9 under the stresses of cold and high salinity, and the results indicate that As-RAD9 is a stress-related factor, though the mechanisms may be different in response to different stresses. Knocking down of the As-RAD9 gene led to embryonic development delay in A. sinica. CONCLUSIONS: All these results reveal that As-RAD9 is necessary for post-diapaused embryonic development in A. sinica.


Assuntos
Artemia/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Animais , Artemia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
15.
BMC Med Genomics ; 12(1): 147, 2019 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, especially in East Asia. Even with the progress in therapy, 5-year survival rates remain unsatisfied. Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been epidemiologically associated with HCC and is the major etiology in the East Asian population. The detailed mechanism, especially the changes of DNA methylation and gene expression between the two types of virus-related HCC, and their contributions to the HCC development, metastasis, and recurrence remain largely unknown. METHODS: In this integrated analysis, we characterized genome-scale profiles of HBV and HCV infected HCC by comparing their gene expression pattern, methylation profiles, and copy number variations from the publicly accessible data of The Cancer Genome Atlas Program (TCGA). RESULTS: The HLA-A, STAT1, and OAS2 genes were highly enriched and up-regulated discovered in the HCV-infected HCC. Hypomethylation but not copy number variations might be the major factor for the up-regulation of these immune-related genes in HCV-infected HCC. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated the different epigenetic changes of HBV/HCV related hepatocarcinogenesis. The top up-regulated genes in HCV group were significantly clustered in the immune-related and defense response pathways. These findings will help us to understand the pathogenesis of HBV/HCV associated hepatocellular carcinoma.

16.
Se Pu ; 37(8): 845-852, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642255

RESUMO

The study of protein glycosylation is important to deepening the current understanding of its biological functions as well as to elucidate novel biomarkers of glycosylation. However, glycopeptides must be enriched prior to analysis due to their naturally low abundance. In this study, tryptophan functionalized polymer materials (denoted as Poly-Trp) were synthesized to serve as a novel biomimetic polymers. The resulting materials were characterized by various methods including scanning electron microscopy, thermal analysis, and infrared spectrometry, validating the successful synthesis of Poly-Trp. The retention of glycopeptides on Poly-Trp was investigated revealing that the retention ability decreased as the acetonitrile content of the mobile phase decreased and its acidity increased. Poly-Trp exhibited higher enrichment selectivity for glycopeptides from bovine fetuin than the commercial material ZIC-HILIC, and aminated silica which could defect the interference of 100-fold amount of substance ratios of bovine serum albumin. Poly-Trp is expected to have further applications in the purification of biological samples for the study of glycosylation.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Glicopeptídeos/química , Polímeros/química , Animais , Bovinos , Fetuínas/química , Glicosilação , Dióxido de Silício
17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 185: 109706, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561073

RESUMO

Chromium (Cr) is becoming a potential pollutant with the passage of time. Higher intake of Cr does not only affect the productivity of crops, but also the quality of food produced in Cr polluted soils. In the past, foliar application of Fe is widely studied regarding their potential to alleviate Cr toxicity. However, limited information is documented regarding the combined use of PGPR and foliar Fe. Therefore, the current study was conducted to screen Cr tolerant PGPR and examine effect of foliar Fe with and without Cr tolerant PGPR under Cr toxicity (50 and 100 mg kg-1) in maize (Zea mays) production. Out of 15, two Cr tolerant PGPR were screened, identified (Agrobacterium fabrum and Leclercia adecarboxylata) and inoculated with 500 µM Fe. Results confirmed that Agrobacterium fabrum + 500 µM Fe performed significantly best in improving dry weight of roots and shoot, plant height, roots and shoot length and plant leaves in maize under Cr toxicity. A significant increase in chlorophyll a (51.5%), b (55.1%) and total (32.5%) validated the effectiveness of A. fabrum + 500 µM Fe to alleviate Cr toxicity. Improvement in intake of N (64.7%), P (70.0 and 183.3%), K (53.8% and 3.40-fold) in leaves and N (25.6 and 122.2%), P (25.6 and 122.2%), K (33.3% and 97.3%) in roots of maize at Cr50 and Cr100 confirmed that combined application of A. fabrum with 500 µM Fe is a more efficacious approach for alleviation of Cr toxicity and fortification of Fe comparative to sole foliar application of 500 µM Fe.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium/enzimologia , Carbono-Carbono Liases/metabolismo , Cromo/toxicidade , Enterobacteriaceae/enzimologia , Ferro/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Agrobacterium/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofila A/metabolismo , Enterobacteriaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferro/metabolismo , Paquistão , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/microbiologia
18.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 20(1): 858-869, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497179

RESUMO

Separation of phosphoproteins is essential for understanding their vital roles in biological processes and pathology. Transition metal-based receptors and antibodies, the routinely used materials for phosphoproteins enrichment, both suffer from low sensitivity, low recovery and coverage. In this work, a novel smart copolymer material was synthesized by modifying porous silica gel with a poly[(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-(3-acryloylthioureido) benzoic acid)0.35] (denoted as NIPAAm-co-ATBA0.35@SiO2). Driven by the hydrogen bonds complexation of ATBA monomers with phosphate groups, the copolymer-modified surface exhibited a remarkable adsorption toward native α-casein (a model phosphoprotein), accompanied with significant changes in surface viscoelasticity and roughness. Moreover, this adsorption was tunable and critically dependent on the polarity of carrier solvent. Benefiting from these features, selective enrichment of phosphoprotein was obtained using NIPAAm-co-ATBA0.35@SiO2 under a dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) mode. This result displays a good potential of smart polymeric materials in phosphoprotein enrichment, which may facilitate top-down phosphoproteomics studies.

19.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(8): 1695-1707, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497351

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that circular RNA (circRNA) plays a fundamental role in tumorigenesis. However, its contribution to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) malignancy remains largely unknown. Here, we performed circRNA microarray expression profile in four paired HCC and normal tissues, and found that circ-ADD3, a novel circRNA derived from linear ADD3 exon 4 to exon 12, was significantly downregulated in HCC, which was further validated in 112 matched HCC and paracancerous tissues. High circ-ADD3 expression was negatively correlated with vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis as well as distant metastasis. Moreover, it was identified as an effective biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of HCC. Functionally, exogenous expression of circ-ADD3 dramatically weakened HCC cell invasion and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-ADD3 was capable of reinforcing the interaction between CDK1 and EZH2, resulting in increased EZH2 ubiquitination and subsequent degradation via phosphorylation at Thr-345 and Thr-487 sites. The decreased EZH2 markedly increased the expression of a cohort of anti-metastatic genes, including circ-ADD3, by reducing H3K27me3 levels on their promoter regions, which formed a regulatory circuit, thereby dampening HCC metastasis. Taken together, our findings unveil the essential role of circ-ADD3 in inhibiting HCC metastasis through regulation of EZH2 stability.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405094

RESUMO

The Yi River, the second longest river in Shandong Province, China, flows through Linyi City and is fed by three tributary rivers, Beng River, Liuqing River, and Su River in the northeastern part of the city. In this study, we determined the concentrations of five heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb) in water, sediment, and aquatic macrophyte samples collected from the junction of the four rivers and evaluated the potential ecological risk of heavy metal pollution. Most of the heavy metals in water were in low concentrations with the water quality index (WQI) below 1, suggesting low metal pollution. The sediments showed low heavy metal concentrations, suggesting a low ecological risk based on the potential ecological risk index (RI) and the geo-accumulation index (Igeo). The aquatic plant species Potamogeton crispus accumulated considerable amounts of heavy metals, which were closely related to the metal concentrations of the sediment. The plant species Salvinia natans also showed an excellent metal accumulation capability. Based on our results, the junction of the four rivers is only slightly polluted in terms of heavy metals, and the plant species P. crispus is a suitable bioindicator for sediment heavy metal pollution.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Medição de Risco , Rios , Traqueófitas/química , Traqueófitas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
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