Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 186
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
FASEB J ; 34(1): 1783-1801, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914584

RESUMO

The natural product icariin (ICA) and its phosphorylated derivatives (pICA) have been shown to have outstanding anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This study was to explore the protective effects of ICA and pICA on the intestinal epithelium of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)-induced piglet diarrhea and its underlying mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. ETEC K88 increased pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, activated oxidative stress and inhibited antioxidant enzyme activity, induced phosphorylated p38 MAPK gene and protein expression, disrupted intestinal barrier function, and led to diarrhea in piglets. Pretreatment with ICA and pICA effectively alleviated ETEC-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction in vivo and in vitro. Pretreatment with p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) significantly rescued the IPEC-J2 cells barrier function damaged by ETEC challenge. However, pretreatment with p38 MAPK activator (anisomycin) did not alleviated the IPEC-J2 cells barrier function damaged by ETEC challenge. Our data demonstrated that ICA and pICA regulate the inflammatory response and oxidative stress of intestinal epithelial cells by inhibiting the expression of p38 MAPK, thereby alleviating ETEC K88-induced disruption of intestinal barrier function and intestinal permeability. These findings provide new insights into the prevention and treatment of intestinal barrier dysfunction induced by ETEC K88.

2.
Epilepsia ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The models currently available for predicting the risk of seizure recurrence after antiepileptic drug (AED) withdrawal in adult epilepsy patients include the prediction model developed by Lamberink et al (Lamberink model, 2017) and the Medical Research Council prediction model (MRC model, 1993). However, there was no external validation for the two models. The purpose of this study was to perform an independent external validation and a comparison of the Lamberink model and the MRC model in adult patients. METHODS: The study population was recruited from the Wenzhou Epilepsy Follow-up Registry Database (WEFURD). All the predictors of the Lamberink and MRC models and the occurrence of seizure recurrence in the participants were collected based on the WEFURD. Participants' predicted probabilities of seizure recurrence were obtained by a Web-based tool and the prognostic index formula. The external validation of the Lamberink model and the MRC model were quantified by discrimination, calibration, and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Of 212 patients, 126 (59.4%) had seizure recurrence after AED withdrawal. The Lamberink 2-year model, the Lamberink 5-year model, the MRC 1-year model, and the MRC 2-year model had areas under the curve of 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.64-0.78), 0.68 (95% CI = 0.60-0.76), 0.60 (95% CI = 0.50-0.69), and 0.58 (95% CI = 0.50-0.66), respectively. Additionally, the Lamberink 2-year model had a significantly better integrated discrimination improvement than the MRC 2-year model (P < .001). Regarding calibration, the Lamberink 2-year model (P = .121) and the MRC 1-year model (P = .264) were well calibrated, but the Lamberink 5-year model (P = .022) and the MRC 2-year model (P = .008) were not. In the DCA, the Lamberink 2-year model performed well at threshold probabilities of 30%-65%. SIGNIFICANCE: This external validation shows that the Lamberink 2-year model might be more accurate and has greater clinical benefit than others for guiding drug withdrawal in adult epilepsy clinics.

3.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 14: 2825-2833, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824147

RESUMO

Background: In China, the high prevalence and mortality rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and the poor intervention effect makes it into a heavy social burden. The main reason is that the current diagnosis of COPD mainly based on the static lung function, which is difficult for early intervention. Through matching a predictive model for high-risk groups of COPD that rewards FEV1 rapid decline as the core, we will establish the early warning model and prove its validity and socio-economic value. Methods: This is a multi-center, prospective, cohort study. A total of 10,000 people aged 40∼75 without lung disease will be recruited and followed for 3 years. Some questionnaires such as St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), income class, educational level, comorbidity, smoking habit, and biomass smoke exposure history will be collected. The baseline level of Interleukin 6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hs-CRP), microRNAs-23a (miR-23a) in peripheral blood and pH value in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) will be measured, lung spirometry will be tested in the first, second, and fourth years. Primary outcome is the incidence of COPD, multivariate regression analysis will be used to establish the predictive model for COPD in China. Discussion: With the rapid decline of lung function as the core and the baseline inflammatory biomarkers in peripheral blood and pH of the exhaled breath condensate as affecting factors, a predictive model to achieve early detection of high-risk COPD groups will be established and promoted. Trial registration: This study has been registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov (registration identifier: NCT03532893) on 21 May 2018, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.

4.
Cell Rep ; 29(11): 3664-3677.e5, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825843

RESUMO

The Hippo signaling pathway plays a key role in development and cancer progression. However, molecules that intrinsically inhibit this pathway are less well known. Here, we report that the focal adhesion molecule Kindlin-2 inhibits Hippo signaling by interacting with and degrading MOB1 and promoting the interaction between MOB1 and the E3 ligase praja2. Kindlin-2 thus inhibits the phosphorylation of LATS1 and YAP and promotes YAP translocation into the nucleus, where it activates downstream Hippo target gene transcription. Kindlin-2 depletion activates Hippo/YAP signaling and alleviates renal fibrosis in Kindlin-2 knockout mice with unilateral ureteral occlusion (UUO). Moreover, Kindlin-2 levels are negatively correlated with MOB1 and phosphorylated (p) YAP in samples from patients with renal fibrosis. Altogether, these results demonstrate that Kindlin-2 inhibits Hippo signaling through degradation of MOB1. A specific long-lasting siRNA against Kindlin-2 effectively alleviated UUO-induced renal fibrosis and could be a potential therapy for renal fibrosis.

5.
Platelets ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875757

RESUMO

The first-line therapy for primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is steroids, but about one-third of patients do not respond to steroids. Recent studies have shown megakaryocyte (MK) growth and development abnormalities and poorly compensated thrombopoiesis. Here, we attempted to determine the impact of MK morphological classification on steroid response. We enrolled 170 adult patients with primary ITP and divided them into steroid-sensitive ITP (109/170) and non-steroid-sensitive ITP (61/170) groups. In the univariate logistic model, female, reduced thrombocytogenic MK count (TMC), increased granular MK count to total MK count ratio (GMC/TM ratio), and elevated naked nucleus MK count to TM count ratio were significantly associated with steroid-sensitive ITP. In the multivariate logistic model, sex, reduced TMC, and increased GMC/TM ratio were independent predictors of steroid-sensitive ITP diagnosis. Based on the regression parameters, we established a predictive index with weighted risk score of 1 assigned each to sex, TMC, and GMC/TM ratio. A predictive index ≥2 points had the best area under the curve value (0.63) with 47.7% sensitivity and 78.7% specificity for predicting steroid sensitivity. These findings may help guide early treatment strategies in ITP.

6.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23023, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the association of long non-coding RNA nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (lncRNA NEAT1) with exacerbation risk, lung function, and inflammatory cytokines in asthma. METHODS: A total of 170 patients with asthma in exacerbation, 170 patients with asthma in remission, and 170 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled, and their plasma samples were collected. The expressions of lncRNA NEAT1 and microRNA-124 (miRNA-124) in plasma were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction; inflammatory cytokines in plasma were measured by the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); and pulmonary ventilation function was detected by examination of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC). RESULTS: LncRNA NEAT1 expression was upregulated in asthma patients in exacerbation compared with HCs and asthma patients in remission, and receiver operating characteristic curve exhibited that it was of good value in distinguishing asthma patients in exacerbation from HCs (AUC: 0.869 (0.830-0.908)) and asthma patients in remission (AUC: 0.775 (0.724-0.825)). Furthermore, lncRNA NEAT1 was positively correlated with exacerbation severity, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-17, but negatively correlated with IL-10, FEV1 /FVC and FEV1 %predicted in asthma patients. Additionally, lncRNA NEAT1 was negatively correlated with miR-124, and miR-124 was negatively associated with exacerbation risk, exacerbation severity, and inflammation, but positively associated with lung function in asthma patients. CONCLUSION: Circulating lncRNA NEAT1 exhibits potential to be a new biomarker for elevated exacerbation risk and severity of asthma.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to compare toxicity and biochemical control in postprostatectomy patients treated with conventional (66 Gy) or dose-intensified (72 Gy) radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients who had stage pT3-4, positive surgical margins, or rising prostate-specific antigen ≥ 0.2 ng/mL after radical prostatectomy were randomly assigned to receive either 66 Gy in 33 fractions or 72 Gy in 36 fractions. A primary endpoint was to assess the difference in biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) between these 2 cohorts, and secondary endpoints were to assess differences in genitourinary (GU), gastrointestinal (GI), and hematologic toxicities between these 2 cohorts. bPFS was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and toxicities were compared using the χ2 test. RESULTS: Between September 2011 and November 2016, 144 patients were enrolled: 71 patients to the 66 Gy cohort and 73 patients to the 72 Gy cohort. The median follow-up time was 48.5 months (range, 14-79 months). There was no difference in 4-year bPFS between the 66 Gy and 72 Gy cohorts (75.9% vs 82.6%; P = .299). However, in patients with a higher Gleason score (8-10), the 72 Gy cohort had statistically significant improvement in bPFS compared with the 66 Gy cohort (79.7% vs 55.7%; P = .049). Toxicity analysis showed no difference in ≥2 acute or late GI or GU toxicities between these 2 cohorts. A total of 48 patients were scored as urinary incontinence before radiation therapy, of which 39 (81.3%) reported incontinence recovery or stable at 1-year follow-up, and only 9 (18.8%) patients reported worsening. There was no difference between the 2 cohorts in urinary incontinence either at baseline or at 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Dose escalation (72 Gy) demonstrated no improvement in 4-year bPFS compared with the 66 Gy regimen. However, the dose escalation was not associated with greater acute or late GU or GI toxicities and did not increase urinary incontinence.

8.
Epilepsy Behav ; 101(Pt A): 106586, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Chinese version of the Scale for Suicide Ideation-Worst (SSI-W) for screening suicide ideation in Chinese adult patients with epilepsy (PWE). METHOD: A consecutive sample of Chinese adult PWE from a tertiary hospital completed the SSI-W and the suicidality module of the Chinese version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) Plus 5.0.0. RESULTS: A total of 269 PWE completed the scales. According to the MINI, 59 patients (21.9%) had suicidal ideation. The Cronbach's α coefficient for the SSI-W was 0.96. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the SSI-W was 0.957 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.935-0.980). With a cutoff score of 2 points, the SSI-W demonstrated the best psychometric properties: a sensitivity of 95.8%, a specificity of 87.3%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 56.7%, and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 99.0%. The scores for items 11 (Reason for attempt) and 18 (Final acts) were not significantly different (p > 0.05) in patients with suicidal ideation, while the scores for the other items were significantly different between these groups of patients. CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of the SSI-W proved to be a reliable and effective assessment tool for screening suicidal ideation in Chinese adult PWE.

9.
Epigenomics ; 11(14): 1613-1625, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701765

RESUMO

Aim: To understand whether the anatomical location of origin plays a role in shaping the DNA methylation (DNAm) landscape of psoriatic skins. Patients & methods: A number of 108 psoriatic and 57 control skin samples were grouped based on their anatomical locations. Two group t-tests were used to identify those differentially methylated sites and regions. Target region methylation loci were validated by bisulfate conversion sequencing. The correlations of DNAm with pathological features, DNAm and gene expression were also interrogated. Results: Our analysis revealed 315 location-specific differentially methylated sites for back, 291 for the extremities and 801 for abdomen. Moreover, we observed that the extremity-specific loci cg21942490 located on HOXA9 is associated with hyperkeratosis. We further observed that HOXA5 and KIAA1949 are differential methylation regions. Conclusion: Our study shown evidence of anatomical location-dependent DNAm pattern in psoriasis skins, and thus provided new insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(5): 4059-4066, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702028

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the role of the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in the neurite outgrowth and apoptosis of cortical neurons. Cortical neurons were seeded on or adjacent to chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans. The length, number and crossing behavior of the neurites were calculated. Immunohistochemical staining and TUNEL data were analyzed. Neurites treated with PTEN inhibitor exhibited significant enhancements in elongation, initiation and crossing abilities when they encountered chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in vitro. These effects disappeared when the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway was blocked. Neurons exhibited significant enhancements in survival ability following PTEN inhibition. The present study demonstrated that PTEN inhibition can promote axonal elongation and initiation in cerebral cortical neurons, as well as the ability to cross the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan border. In addition, PTEN inhibition is useful for protecting the neuron from apoptosis. The PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is an important signaling pathway.

11.
Chemistry ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721323

RESUMO

The poor cyclability and rate performance always impede the development of transition metal phosphides based anode materials. Many strategies were used to address above problems, such as designing hierarchical structure, combining with carbon materials, and doping with other metal elements. Considering those strategies, we designed the flower-like Fe doped CoP consisted of the micro sheets grown on the carbon membrane (CM, the leaves as precursor) by hydrothermal method and in-situ phosphorization. The Fe doping and carbon membrane could synergistically induce the formation of flower-like hierarchical microstructure during the crystal growing process. The unique hierarchical microstructure could increase the contact area between electrode and electrolyte and accommodate the volume expansion during cycling. The hierarchical Fe doped CoP directly grown on the carbon membrane could increase the active sites for sodium species intercalation and further promote the internal electron conduction in the Fe doped CoP/CM electrode. Thereby, the Fe doped CoP/CM as anode electrode for sodium ion batteries exhibits high specific capacity of 515 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1 after 100 cycles. Even the current density rises to 500 mA g-1, the specific capacity still maintains 324 mAh g-1 after 500 cycles, showing superior rate performances and cyclability.

12.
CNS Drugs ; 33(11): 1121-1132, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately two-thirds of patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy become seizure-free after antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment. A crucial issue for these patients and their families, especially after a long period of seizure freedom, is when to stop their medications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the optimal timing of AED withdrawal in adults with focal epilepsy who had been seizure-free for ≥ 2 years. METHODS: Adults with focal epilepsy who had been seizure-free for ≥ 2 years were recruited. Based on their decision to discontinue (withdrawal) or continue (non-withdrawal) AED treatment, patients were assigned to withdrawal or non-withdrawal subgroups according to the length of remission (2 to < 3 years, 3 to < 4 years, 4 to < 5 years and ≥ 5 years). The relapse risks of the withdrawal and corresponding non-withdrawal subgroups were compared, and the relative relapse risks were assessed in a Cox proportional hazard regression model. RESULTS: A total of 213 eligible patients began to withdraw from AED treatment; 70 had been seizure-free for 2 to < 3 years, 62 had been seizure-free for 3 to < 4 years, 37 had been seizure-free for 4 to < 5 years and 44 had been seizure-free for ≥ 5 years. The figures for the corresponding non-withdrawal subgroups were 463, 334, 251 and 182, respectively. There was a significantly higher risk of seizure relapse in patients withdrawing from AEDs after 2 to < 5 years of seizure freedom than in the corresponding non-withdrawal controls, and the relative relapse risk was 3.052 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.126-4.381; p < 0.001) for the seizure-free period of 2 to < 3 years, 3.617 (95% CI 2.384-5.488; p < 0.001) for 3 to < 4 years and 2.644 (95% CI 1.456-4.799; p = 0.001) for 4 to < 5 years. However, for patients who were seizure-free for ≥ 5 years, AED withdrawal did not significantly increase the risk of seizure relapse compared with that of patients continuing treatment (hazard ratio [HR] 1.362, 95% CI 0.634-2.926, p = 0.428). Compared with a seizure-free period of 2 to < 3 years, the relative relapse risk after AED withdrawal was significantly reduced only after being seizure-free for ≥ 5 years (HR 0.441, 95% CI 0.233-0.834; p = 0.012). CONCLUSION: Overall, for adults with focal epilepsy, withdrawal from AEDs significantly increased the risk of seizure relapse after being seizure-free for 2 to < 5 years, but might not increase the risk if the seizure-free period was ≥ 5 years.

13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760539

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to explore the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and controls, detect the effects of SLE activity on genes mRNA expression, and find the association between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to test differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in PBMCs extracted from 135 patients with SLE and 130 healthy controls. Furthermore, we detected the regulatory effect of SNPs on gene expression by expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We also tested whether the genes mRNA expression was affected with the SLE activity and analyzed the relationship between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. The mRNA expression levels of JAK2 in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005), and PTPRC mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). However, no other statistical significance was detected. We found that the elevated JAK2 mRNA expression and the decreased PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.Key Points• The JAK2 mRNA expression levels in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls.• The PTPRC mRNA expression levels in SLE were decreased.• JAK2 and PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.

15.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 7337-7345, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564916

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the role of zinc finger E­box­binding homeobox 2 antisense RNA 1 (ZEB2-AS1) in regulating laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) progression. Patients and methods: In this retrospective study, we included all patients who underwent a surgical operation at The First Hospital of Qiqihaer City for LSCC. Then, we compared the expression of ZEB2-AS1 in LSCC tissues and paired healthy tissues. Besides, we also performed a series of functional assays, CCK8 assays, colony formation assays, and transwell assays to examine the functions of LSCC cells after knockdown of ZEB2-AS1. Through bioinformatics analysis, we predicted that ZEB2-AS1 binds to miR-6840-3p and targets PLXNB1. Results: We indicated that the expression of ZEB2-AS1 was higher in LSCC tissues compared to the paired adjacent tissues, and ZEB2-AS1 was also highly expressed in LSCC cell lines. Furthermore, we discovered that ZEB2-AS1 promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion and was associated with poor prognosis. To find the mechanism, we performed bioinformatics analysis. We identified that ZEB2-AS1 binds to miR-6840-3p and targets PLXNB1. Additionally, miR-6840-3p overexpression or knockdown of PLXNB1 decreased the abilities of cell migration and invasion. Conclusion: These findings demonstrated that overexpression of ZEB2-AS1 promotes LSCC progression. Overexpression of miR-6840-3p or downregulation of PLXNB1 can abrogate ZEB2-AS1-mediated LSCC malignant development.

16.
Int J Urol ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of common preoperative laboratory variables in patients undergoing bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection surgery for penile squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 228 patients who had bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection for penile squamous cell carcinoma to assess the following clinical factors: preoperative laboratory measurements, white blood cell count, platelet count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, serum calcium, total protein, globulin, pathological factors and survival rates after surgery. RESULTS: The percentage of positive lymph nodes was 52.6%. Univariate analysis showed that the tumor stage and grade, the presence of metastasis, white blood cell count, platelet count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and globulin were significantly associated with the disease-specific survival (all P < 0.05). At multivariate analysis, only the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio had an independent effect (hazard ratio 2.131; P = 0.035). The predictive accuracy of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was the best among the laboratory variables. The predictive accuracy of the basic pathological factors was significantly increased by incorporating the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio prognosticator. CONCLUSION: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio before inguinal lymph node dissection might be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma.

17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593736

RESUMO

Safety assessment must be conducted before the commercial release of transgenic silkworms. This study was conducted to assess the potential of transferring transgenic DNA from silkworms to other organisms. One hundred hatched male chickens were evenly assigned into 4 groups (T1-4). Groups T1-3 were fed transgenic silkworms P3+5UI with enhanced green fluorescent protein DNA (EGFP) inserted, A4SOR with superoxide reductase DNA (SOR) inserted, and normal silkworm, respectively. Each chicken was fed one silkworm larva every day for 3 weeks. T4 was the normal feeding control. Twenty chickens were randomly selected from each treatment for sacrifice at 22 days of age. The serum was collected individually for biochemical examination, revealing no difference in the analyzed serum parameters between T4 and T1-3. DNA from the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, liver, kidney, and jejunal digesta was extracted for PCR analysis of EGFP, SOR, silkworm housekeeping gene TIF-4A, and chicken ovalbumin gene. No transgenic DNA or TIF-4A was detected in the digesta and tissues of chickens. The same results were observed in chicken upon increasing the amount and frequency of feeding transgenic silkworms, suggesting that the transgenic DNA from silkworms was degraded in the digestive tract and not transferred into the tissues of chicken. This study revealed that transferr recombinant DNA from transgenic silkworm to another organism is unlikely.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(43): 39961-39969, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580054

RESUMO

Transition-metal phosphides have a potential application in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) because of their high theoretical capacities and low cost; nevertheless, they possess dramatic volumetric variation during cycling associated with poor conductivity, limiting their practical applications. Here, a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical flowerlike FeP coated with nitrogen-doped carbon layer (FeP@N,C hybrid) was constructed through a solvothermal method, followed by a phosphating approach under low temperature. N-doped carbon not only suppresses the volume fluctuation of FeP, but also promotes electron transfer, accompanied by catalyzing the decomposition of Li3P to improve the reversibility of the FeP@N,C hybrid during cycling processes. In addition, a 3D flowerlike architecture assembled from porous nanosheets is also beneficial for shortening the migration path of ions as well as improving the contact area of electrode with electrolyte, which enhances the reaction kinetics and is proved by both experimental measurement of Li+ diffusion coefficient and resistivity, along with the calculation of density functional theory. Consequently, the 3D hierarchical flowerlike FeP@N,C hybrid performs excellent cyclic stability (569 mA h g-1 at a current density of 500 mA g-1 for the 300th cycle) and rate performance (331.94 mA h g-1 at a high current density of 5 A g-1) for LIBs. Based on above results, the fabrication strategy in this work could offer a thought to design other high-performance metal phosphide hybrids.

19.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 186, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided lateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block can provide definite analgesia to the anterior abdominal wall. However, whether this method is useful in renal surgery through the lateral abdominal wall pathway remains unknown. The study aimed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of lateral TAP block for retroperitoneoscopic partial or radical nephrectomy. METHOD: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, eligible patients were randomized into two groups. After anaesthesia induction, ultrasound-guided lateral TAP block was performed with either 30 ml of 0.4% ropivacaine (Group T) or an equivalent volume of normal saline (Group C). The primary outcomes were opioid consumption during surgery and in the first 24 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes included postsurgical pain intensity immediately awakening from anaesthesia and at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h after surgery, as well as recovery variables including the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), sleep quality, time to first ambulation, drainage and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: A total of 104 patients were enrolled and randomized (53 in Group T and 51 in Group C). Laparoscopic surgery was converted to open surgery in one patient of Group T; this patient was excluded from the outcome analysis. The opioid consumption during surgery (intravenous morphine equivalent dose: median 35.0 mg [interquartile range 18.0, 49.6] in Group C vs. 40.3 mg [20.9, 59.0] in Group T, P = 0.281) and in the first 24 h after surgery (10.8 mg [7.8, 21.7] in Group C vs. 13.2 mg [8.0, 26.6] in Group T, P = 0.311) did not differ significantly between groups. There were no significant differences between groups regarding the pain intensity at all time points after surgery and the recovery variables (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that, in patients undergoing retroperitoneoscopic renal surgery, preoperative lateral TAP did not decrease intra- and postoperative opioid consumption, nor did it relieve pain intensity or promote postoperative recovery in the first 24 h after surgery. However, the trial might be underpowered. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered on November 4, 2017, in the Chinese Clinical Trail Registry with the identification number ChiCTR-INR-17013244 .

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brefeldin A (BFA) has been known to induce endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and Golgi body stress in cancer cells. ERGIC3 (endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment 3) is a type II transmembrane protein located in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi body. ERGIC3 over-expression is frequently observed in cancer cells. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to explore whether BFA administered concurrently with ERGIC3 silencing would work additively or synergistically inhibit cancer cell growth. METHODS: ERGIC3-siRNA was used to knock-down the expression of ERGIC3 and BFA was used to induce ERS in lung cancer cell lines GLC-82 and A549,. Q-RT-PCR and Western Blot analysis were used to detect the expression of ERGIC3 and downstream molecules. GraphPad Prism 6 was used to quantify the data. RESULTS: We demonstrated that silencing of ERGIC3 via siRNA effectively led to down-regulation of ERGIC3 at both mRNA and protein levels in GLC-82 and A549 cells. While BFA or ERGIC3-silencing alone could induce ERS and inhibit cell growth, the combination treatment of lung cancer cells with ERGIC3-silencing and BFA was able to additively enhance the inhibition effects of cell growth through up-regulation of GRP78 resulting in cell cycle arrest. CONCLUSION: ERGIC3 silencing in combination with BFA treatment could additively inhibit lung cancer cell growth. This finding might shed a light on new adjuvant therapy for lung adenocarcinoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA