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1.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 194-200, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135590

RESUMO

Objective: To survey the children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China for a better understanding of the current situation of childhood stunting. Methods: According to a stratified cluster sampling design, a cross-sectional survey on children under 7 years of age was carried out in 9 cities (Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in northern China; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in central China; and Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in southern China) from June to November in 2016. A total of 110 499 children were recruited. Height of children was evaluated using the growth standards for Chinese children (2009 edition) .Children with height less than the 3rd percentile of the growth standards were considered as stunting, and children with height between the 3rd and 10th percentiles of the growth standards were considered as relatively short stature. Chi-square test was used for comparison between data of boys and girls, urban and suburban, as well as among different ages and regions. Results: Totally 113 084 children under 7 years of age should be investigated and actually 110 499 children were investigated, with a rate of 97.7%. The prevalence of stunting was 1.9% (2 141/110 499) among all the children. The prevalence of stunting in urban children (1.6%, 904/55 524) was lower than that in suburban children (2.3%, 1 237/54 975, χ(2)=56.246, P<0.01). The gender difference in stunting prevalence was not statistically significant (1.9% (1 121/57 921) in boys and 1.9% (1 020/52 578) in girls, χ(2)=0.003, P=0.965). The prevalence of stunting decreased with age for children younger than 3 years, from 1.8% (312/17 080) in 0-<1 year of age group to 1.2% (168/13 740) in 2-<3 years of age group, but increased to 2.2% (240/11 073) at 6-<7 years group. Comparison among different regions showed that the stunting prevalence in southern region was higher than those in the central and northern regions (0.9% (193/20 374) in northern urban, 0.8% (154/18 486) in central urban, and 3.3% (557/16 664) in southern urban children), showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=437.736, P<0.01); 1.1% (241/21 924) in northern suburban, 1.4% (227/16 775) in central suburban and 4.7% (769/16 276) in southern suburban children, showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=646.533, P<0.01). In urban areas, the difference between the central and northern regions showed no statistical significance (χ(2)=1.429, P=0.232) and the stunting prevalence of central Chinese children was slightly higher than that of northern Chinese children in suburban areas (χ(2)=5.130, P=0.024). Among the nine cities, the stunting prevalence of Guangzhou (6.1%, 613/10 019) was higher than those of other cities (χ(2)=1 559.64, P<0.01). Among the stunting children, 78.4% (1 679/2 141) were classified as borderline or mild and only 7.2% (154/2 141) were classified as severe. The prevalence of relatively short stature was 5.2% (5 721/110 499). Conclusions: The prevalence of stunting among children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China is low and most of the stunting children were classified as mild; the prevalence of stunting in suburban children is higher than that in urban children; the gender difference show no statistical significance; and the prevalence of stunting in southern Chinese children is higher than those in central and northern Chinese children.


Assuntos
Estatura , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Pequim , Estatura/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Benef Microbes ; 11(1): 67-78, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066255

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a metabolism regulator, has an important effect on metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. It is also expressed in mice, and the murine source has high homology with human FGF21. Recently, it has been extensively studied and has become a potential drug target for the treatment of metabolic diseases. As it is a protein-based hormone, FGF21 cannot be easily and quickly absorbed into the blood through oral administration. Moreover, it has a 0-2 h half-life in vivo, as shown in a previous study, thus its efficacy lasts for a short period of time when used to treat metabolic diseases, limiting its clinical applications. To avoid these limitations, we used Lactococcus lactis, a food-grade bacterium, as the host to express FGF21. It could be used successfully for the expression and long-term effect of FGF21 in vivo. Instead of antibiotic resistance genes, the LacF gene was used as a selection marker in the NZ3900/PNZ8149 expression system, which is safe and could reduce the antibiotic resistance crisis. In this study, we a constructed human FGF21 expressing L. lactis strain and administered it to Db/Db mice by gavage. Compared with the control group, the body weight of mice in the experimental group was significantly reduced, and the overall homeostasis was improved in mice treated with human FGF21. Moreover, the activity of brown adipose tissue was enhanced. These results revealed that oral administration of FGF21 through heterologous expression in L. lactis appears to be an effective approach for its clinical application.

5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(19): 8485-8492, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the function of miRNA-337 in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type 2 diabetes db/db mice were assigned into db/db group, vehicle group, and si-miR group, and age-matched db/m mice were in the db/m group. Differences in mouse serum glucose, body weight, serum creatinine, and albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) among the four groups were compared at 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks, 18 weeks, and 22 weeks of age. The expression level of miRNA-337 in mouse kidney tissues was determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Correlation between miRNA-337 expression with ACR was analyzed. Through Western blot analysis, protein levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-18, podocin, nephrin, and desmin in mouse kidney tissues were detected. RESULTS: With the increasing age, serum glucose, body weight, serum creatinine, and ACR in db/db mice gradually increased, which were remarkably higher than age-matched db/m mice. After treatment with miRNA-337 inhibitor in db/db mice, no remarkable changes in serum glucose and body weight were found, while serum creatinine and ACR decreased. Compared with db/m mice, miRNA-337 expression in kidney tissues of db/db mice upregulated, which was positively correlated with ACR. Expression levels of IL-6 and IL-18 in kidney tissues of db/db mice increased relative to db/m mice, but they were downregulated by miRNA-337 inhibitor treatment. Moreover, podocin and nephrin downregulated, while desmin upregulated in kidney tissues of db/db mice than db/m mice. By miRNA-337 inhibitor treatment in db/db mice, levels of podocin and nephrin increased, whereas desmin level decreased. We obtained similar results at their cellular level. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that miRNA-337 expression increases in db/db mice with diabetic nephropathy, which leads to podocyte injury by upregulating levels of IL-6 and IL-18.

6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 568-573, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474035

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of citric acid on patients with severe burn complicated with acute renal injury treated by continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Methods: Medical records of 83 patients with large area of burn complicated with acute renal injury admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of our department from January 2015 to December 2018 and meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into heparin group [n=43, 25 males and 18 females, aged (35.0±2.5) years] and citric acid group [n=40, 22 males and 18 females, aged (37.0±6.6) years] according to different anticoagulation methods. After admission, routine support treatment and CRRT were performed after being diagnosed with acute renal injury in patients in 2 groups. Patients in heparin group were treated with low molecular weight heparin for anticoagulation with first dosage of 20 U/kg and an increase of 2.5 to 5.0 U per hour, and patients in citric acid group were given citric acid of 0.02 g/mL with dosage of 150~200 mL/h for anticoagulation. The use time of blood filter, recovery time of urine volume, and time of staying in ICU, and platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), and serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, cystatin C, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure before treatment and post treatment hour (PTH) 24 were recorded. Besides, occurrence of hemorrhage, hypocalcemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and death within 28 days post injury were recorded. Data were processed with t test and chi-square test. Results: The use time of blood filter of patients in citric acid group was (28.7±3.2)h, significantly longer than (19.4±2.6) h in heparin group (t=14.139, P<0.01). The recovery time of urine volume and time of staying in ICU of patients in citric acid group were respectively (7.6±0.9) and (9.6±1.3) d, significantly shorter than (9.2±1.5) and (11.2±1.8) d in heparin group (t=5.516, 4.697, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in platelet count, APTT, and PT of patients in 2 groups (t=1.235, 0.515, 1.279, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the platelet count of patients in citric acid group was significantly higher than that in heparin group (t=10.947, P<0.01), and APTT and PT of patients in citric acid group were significantly shorter than those in heparin group (t=7.069, 9.142, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and cystatin C of patients in 2 groups (t=1.684, 1.878, 1.472, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and cystatin C of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=7.778, 9.776, 5.117, P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein of patients in 2 groups (t=1.413, 0.898, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the serum procalcitonin and C-reactive protein of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.635, 2.297, P<0.05). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, AST, and ALT of patients in 2 groups (t=0.555, 0.816, 0.470, 1.896, 0.982, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the neutrophil, leukocyte count, blood sugar, AST, and ALT of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.054, 3.314, 7.185, 2.151, 3.013, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure of patients in 2 groups (t=1.406, 0.474, 0.720, P>0.05). At PTH 24, the heart rate, body temperature, and mean arterial pressure of patients in citric acid group were significantly lower than those in heparin group (t=2.307, 4.498, 2.056, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The incidence of hemorrhage of patients in citric acid group while in hospital was significantly lower than that in heparin group (χ(2)=4.949, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in incidence of hypocalcemia, metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, and death rate within 28 days post injury of patients in 2 groups while in hospital (χ(2)=3.346, 0.884, 0.297, 0.324, P>0.05). Conclusions: Citric acid has significant anticoagulant effect on patients with large area of burn complicated with acute renal injury treated by CRRT, which can prolong the use time of the blood filter, shorten the recovery time of urine volume and time of staying in ICU, improve renal function indexes, blood biochemical indexes, and inflammation indexes, maintain the stability of internal environment, and reduce the risk of hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Queimaduras/complicações , Ácido Cítrico/administração & dosagem , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 599-603, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474040

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment for burn complicated with severe paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH). Methods: Medical records of patients with burn complicated with severe PSH, admitted to our department from April 2016 to March 2019 and meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed retrospectively. There were 4 males and 1 female, aged 17 months to 39 years, with an average of (21±16) years. During occurrence of PSH, the vital signs of patients were routinely monitored and oxygen were given. Other treatment included central venous catheterization and infusion of electrolyte solution, infusion of plasma according to patients' condition, use of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepine sedatives, physical cooling and drug cooling, and establishment or maintenance of artificial airway and use of ventilator. Heart rate was controlled below 120 beats per minute in adults and 140 beats per minute in children with comprehensive treatment dominated by analgesia and sedation. Besides, single or multiple vasoactive agents, even in large doses were used to maintain normal blood pressure of patients. The occurrence characteristics, time, and treatment outcome of PSH were analyzed. Results: PSH happened rapidly, with a sharp increase in several minutes to dozens of minutes. Five patients were with symptoms such as high body temperature, shortness of breath, very fast heart rate, normal or elevated systolic blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, and dystonia at the onset. The symptoms occurred simultaneously or successively. According to the Clinical Feature Scale, the above-mentioned 6 indexes achieved the highest score of 3 points except of systolic blood pressure. Four patients showed dilated pupils and impaired consciousness. Among the patients, PSH occurred in the acute exudation stage in 3 patients, in the fluid reabsorption stage in 1 patient, and in the late repair stage in 1 patient. PSH of patients lasted for 3 hours to 12 days. The symptoms of 4 patients were effectively controlled, and 1 patient died of deterioration. No PSH occurred in the cured patients during follow-up of 3 to 14 months. Conclusions: Burn complicated with PSH can occur at any time before wound repair and in patients with different injury conditions. The causes of PSH include sudden burn, persistent pain, fright and fear, strange environment, low blood volume, and other adverse stimuli, and PSH is more likely to occur in children with underdeveloped brain function. Intravenous infusion of analgesics sedatives, physical therapy and medication to lower body temperature, stabilizing blood pressure and respiration are effective measures to treat PSH. PSH should be distinguished from the common complications of burns, such as sepsis, cerebral edema, hyperpyretic convulsion, transfusion response, stress disorder, etc.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/complicações , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/terapia , Adulto , Queimaduras/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0221237, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532778

RESUMO

In forensic science, the Widmark equation is widely used to deduce the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at different time points. But the linear model specified by Widmark might be deficient in predicting the breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) at different time points, and extrapolating the peak and the corresponding time. In order to establish the temporal profile of alcohol concentration which captures the effects of non-linear nature of alcohol absorption, elimination, and peak, in particular of Chinese population after a light meal, a drinking experiment was conducted in this study. To achieve this, a double-blind drinking experiment was conducted to measure the BrAC of 52 Chinese participants after a light meal in this study. Prior to the experiment, all participants were required to abstain from food for 4 hours, more importantly, from alcohol and sedatives for 24 hours. A standard light meal was provided about 30 minutes prior to the alcohol intake in the experiment. The BrAC was measured at a 10-minute interval during the absorption phase and 30-minute interval during the elimination phase respectively. The measurements were stopped when the BrAC fell to 0.010 mg/100 ml or below, or more than 8 hours after the alcohol intake. Then, the temporal profiles of BrAC, assuming linear and non-linear relationships, were established using Full Bayesian approach. The linear component indicated the alcohol impairment in normal social function, with which a light meal is usually accompanied with drinking. On the other hand, the non-linear (gamma distribution) part replicated the absorption phase, elimination phase, and the peak of alcohol concentration. The proposed model well performed than the conventional regression model. Additionally, the confounding factors including gender, body weight, and dosage were controlled for. Results should be useful for the development of cost-effective enforcement measures that could deter against drink driving.

9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(4): 728-732, 2019 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish animal models and investigate the impact of unilateral hemilaminectomy (ULHL) and different degrees of facetectomy (FT) on the cervical spinal biomechanics. METHODS: Twenty sheep were randomly and evenly divided into 4 groups. No operation was performed for group A, right C4-C6 ULHL was performed for group B, right C4-C6 ULHL and 50% ipsilateral C4-C5 FT was performed for group C, right C4-C6 ULHL and 100% ipsilateral C4-C5 FT was performed for group D. Animals of group A, B, C and D were sacrificed 24 weeks after operating and fresh cervical spine specimens were acquired, biomechanically tested and these data were compared to determine whether ULHL and different degrees of FT led to long-term differences in range of motion. RESULTS: (1) Changes of the total range of motion of cervical spine 24 weeks after surgery: the total range of motion of group D (60.2°±8.6°) was significantly greater than group A (40.7°±6.4°) and group B (41.2°±13.1°) under flexion-extension station, the total range of motion of group D (81.5°±15.7°) was significantly greater than that of group A (56.7°±12.2°) and group B (57.7°±12.8°) under lateral bending station, and the total range of motion of group D (38.5°±17.5°) had no obvious increase compared with group A (26.4°±9.9°) and group B (27.1°±10.9°) under axial rotation station. The total range of motion of group C had no obvious increase compared with group A and group B under flexion-extension station (44.1°±11.7°), lateral bending station (73.6°±11.4°) and axial rotation station (31.3°±11.5°). (2) Changes of the intersegmental motion 24 weeks after surgery: the intersegmental motion of group D (20.3°±4.6°) at C4-C5 was significantly greater than that of group A (11.7°±3.4°) and group B (11.9°±2.1°) under flexion-extension station, the intersegmental motion of group D (26.8°±3.5°) at C4-C5 was significantly greater than that of group A (15.2°±3.1°) and group B (16.2°±3.2°) under lateral bending station, the intersegmental motion of group D (15.2°±3.5°) at C4-C5 was significantly greater than that of group A (6.6°±2.3°) and group B (7.1°±1.9°) under axial rotation station. The intersegmental motion of group C (21.2°±4.1°) at C4-C5 was significantly greater than that of group A and group B under lateral bending station, the intersegmental motion of group C at C4-C5 had no obvious increase compared with group A and group B under flexion-extension station (15.7°±3.7°) and axial rotation station (10.3°±3.1°). CONCLUSION: ULHL does not affect cervical stability, ULHL and 50% ipsilateral FT does not affect the long-term cervical stability, ULHL and 100% ipsilateral FT can lead to long-term instability under lateral bending and flexion-extension station.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Laminectomia , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Rotação , Ovinos
10.
Sleep Breath ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hypertension is a global public issue, and sleep status was regarded as its risk factor; however, the results were inconsistent. This study aims to deeply investigate the correlation between sleep status and hypertension. METHODS: The electronic databases Cochrane Library, Pubmed, and Embase updated to May 31, 2019, were retrieved. Studies were selected according to the predefined screening criteria, and their qualities were assessed by using quality check scales. Based on Stata 15.1 software, the associations between sleep status and hypertension were analyzed by meta-analyses, using odds ratio and 95% confidence interval as effect indexes. Furthermore, publication bias and small study bias were evaluated using Begg and Egger's test. In addition, sensitivity analysis was conducted through ignoring one study per time and then observing its influences on the pooled results. RESULTS: A total of 54 studies (involving 1,074,207 subjects) were eligible for this meta-analysis. Six factors were included in this study. Raised blood pressure was associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), short sleep duration, and long sleep duration. The differences in ≤ 5 h, 6 h, ≥ 9 h, and 10 h groups had statistical significances, while there was no significant difference in ≥ 8 h group. Snoring is a risk factor of hypertension (OR = 1.94, 95%CI 1.41-2.67). Subgroup analysis was conducted and results were varied. CONCLUSIONS: The hypertension risk might be reduced by treated OSA, ODI, and snoring, as well as appropriate sleep duration. More studies with large sample sizes and high qualities should be included to support the findings further.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30909338

RESUMO

Objectives: To discuss the clinical and radiological features of IgG4-related rhinosinusitis. Methods: In this retrospective research, the clinical data of 16 patients diagnosed with IgG4 related rhinosinusitis, who were enrolled in Beijing Tongren Hospital from November 2013 to September 2017, were collected. The clinical features, laboratory findings, radiological findings, histological features, treatment and prognosis were all summarized. Results: There were 12 males and 4 females among 16 patients, and male-to-female ratio was 3︰1. The age was between 30 to 70 years old, with median age of 52 years old. The chief nasal complaints were nasal obstruction and hyposmia, complicated with proptosis and eyelid swelling in 11 patients (11/16). Serum IgG4 levels were elevated in all patients and the value was over 1.44 g/L, and one patient serum IgG4 level was up to 49.70 g/L. Computed tomography (CT) showed the mainly affected sinuses were bilateral ethmoid sinus and olfactory cleft. The classic feature of CT scans was thickening of the involved bilateral ethmoid sinus mucous membrane with ethmoid bone absorption, which was mainly at midline. Histological features were severe inflammation of the mucosal tissue with mass of neutrophils and plasma cell infiltration. All patients were treated by methylprednisolone combined with cyclophosphamide or methotrexate. Remission of symptoms was detected in all patients. Conclusion: The clinical features of IgG4-related rhinosinusitis are often accompanied by orbital tissue involvement, elevated IgG4 serum concentration, associated sinus imaging changes, and sensitive glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive therapy.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/complicações , Rinite/complicações , Sinusite/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Blefarite/etiologia , Exoftalmia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/sangue , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução Nasal/etiologia , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Seios Paranasais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rinite/sangue , Rinite/tratamento farmacológico , Sinusite/sangue , Sinusite/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 132, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30736741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are inconsistencies in the literature regarding the prevalence and assessment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). This study explored CIPN natural history and its characteristics in patients receiving taxane- and platinum-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multi-country multisite prospective longitudinal observational study. Patients were assessed before commencing and three weekly during chemotherapy for up to six cycles, and at 6,9, and 12 months using clinician-based scales (NCI-CTCAE; WHO-CIPN criterion), objective assessments (cotton wool test;10 g monofilament); patient-reported outcome measures (FACT/GOG-Ntx; EORTC-CIPN20), and Nerve Conduction Studies. RESULTS: In total, 343 patients were recruited in the cohort, providing 2399 observations. There was wide variation in CIPN prevalence rates using different assessments (14.2-53.4%). Prevalence of sensory neuropathy (and associated symptom profile) was also different in each type of chemotherapy, with paclitaxel (up to 63%) and oxaliplatin (up to 71.4%) showing the highest CIPN rates in most assessments and a more complex symptom profile. Peak prevalence was around the 6-month assessment (up to 71.4%). Motor neurotoxicity was common, particularly in the docetaxel subgroup (up to 22.1%; detected by NCI-CTCAE). There were relatively moderately-to-low correlations between scales (rs = 0.15,p < 0.05-rs = 0.48 p < 0.001), suggesting that they measure different neurotoxicity aspects from each other. Cumulative chemotherapy dose was not associated with onset and course of CIPN. CONCLUSION: The historical variation reported in CIPN incidence and prevalence is possibly confounded by disagreement between assessment modalities. Clinical practice should consider assessment of motor neuropathy for neurotoxic chemotherapy. Current scales may not be all appropriate to measure CIPN in a valid way, and a combination of scales are needed.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(2): 212-217, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744299

RESUMO

Objective: To quantify the effects of short-term walking intervention on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and related indicators of working population. Methods: The China Motivational Healthy Walking Program in 2016 recruited 29 224 individuals from 139 demonstration areas for comprehensive prevention and control of chronic and non-communicable diseases at the national level and 70 areas at the provincial level. All subjects volunteered to participate into this program. The intervention lasted 100 days from June to September 2016. The walking behavior, height, weight and waist circumference of subjects were measured using a uniform pedometer, body composition tester, height tester and waist-to-hip caliper before and after the intervention. Daily average steps, daily average effective steps, and the percent of fulfilling continuous walking per day were used as main indicators in this study. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect demographic characteristics, behaviors and chronic diseases. With the adjustment of potential confounding factors, multilevel regression was used to quantify the effect of walking on BMI and waist circumference, and multilevel logistic regression was used to quantify the effect on overweight or obesity and central obesity. Results: A total of 12 368 subjects completed walking interventions and all measurements included in this study. The mean±SD age of all subjects was (41.19±8.99) years, and 5 155 (59.17%) of them were women. After 100-day intervention, all outcome variables decreased significantly. For every additional 1 000 steps per day, subjects would have extra decrease in BMI of 0.023 kg/m(2) [ß (95%CI): -0.023 (-0.030, -0.017)], in waist circumference of 0.046 cm [ß (95%CI): -0.046 (-0.071, -0.020)], and the likelihood for becoming overweight or obesity was 0.97 times [OR (95%CI): 0.97 (0.95, 0.98)] that of before intervention. With additional 1 000 effective steps per day, the difference between baseline and endpoint increased by 0.028 kg/m(2) [ß (95%CI): -0.028 (-0.035, -0.020)] in BMI and 0.062 cm [ß (95%CI): -0.062 (-0.091, -0.033)] in waist circumference. The likelihood of progressing into overweight or obesity was 0.97 times [OR (95%CI): 0.97(0.95, 0.98)] that of before-intervention, and the likelihood of becoming central obesity was 0.98 times [OR (95%CI): 0.98(0.96, 0.99)] that of before-intervention. Compared to subjects with low level percent of fulfilling continuous walking per day, those with high level would have an extra decrease in BMI by 0.150 kg/m(2) [ß (95%CI): -0.150 (-0.22, -0.079)], in waist circumference by 0.340 cm [ß (95%CI): -0.340 (-0.620, -0.064)], and the likelihood of becoming overweight or obesity decreased to 0.74 times that of the low level group [OR (95%CI): 0.74(0.62, 0.89)] and the likelihood of becoming central obesity decreased to 0.78 times that of the low level group [OR (95%CI): 0.78 (0.68, 0.91)]. Conclusion: Strengthening walking exercise in the short term has a positive effect on promoting working population to reduce BMI and waist circumference, and prevent overweight, obesity and central obesity.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso/prevenção & controle , Circunferência da Cintura , Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669191

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the differences in CRS and normal subjects between chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polys (CRSsNP) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polys (CRSwNP) in the role of TGF-ß-Smad pathways in the repair of mucosal epithelium.Method:Ethmoidal mucosal samples collected from CRS and healthy control patients were analyzed for TGF-ß1, TGF-ß receptorⅠ,TGF-ß receptor Ⅱ, Smad3, phospho-Smad3, Smad7, and Smad anchor for receptor activation by Western blot. The proliferation of sinonasal epithelial cells at baseline after TGF-ß1 and/or EGF stimulation was evaluated by the MTT assay.Result:In CRSsNP,TGF-ß1,TGF-ß receptorⅠ,TGF-ß receptor Ⅱ and Smad3 protein levels were significantly higher than controls. In CRSwNP, TGF-ß1, Smad3 and pSmad3 protein levels were significantly lower than controls. Smad7 protein was significantly higher in CRS than controls. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the baseline proliferation levels of sinonasal epithelial cells were lower in CRS than controls.Conclusion:CRSwNP is characterized by a lower level of TGF-signaling compared with the control. In CRSsNP, although the upstream signaling of TGF-ß was enhanced, over expression of Smad7 protein may restrain the downstream signaling components (e.g., pSmad3) and the TGF-ß antiproliferative effect on sinonasal epithelium. The difference in the local tissue concentration of TGF-ß1 between CRSsNP and CRSwNP patients did not show significant differences in epithelial proliferation.

16.
Accid Anal Prev ; 125: 7-13, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690275

RESUMO

This study uses a questionnaire survey and a driving simulator test to investigate the temporal patterns of variations in driving fatigue and driving performance in 50 male taxi drivers in Hong Kong. Each driver visited the laboratory three times: before, during, and after a working shift. The survey contained a demographic questionnaire and the Brief Fatigue Inventory. A following-braking simulator test session was conducted at two speeds (50 and 80 km/h) by each driver at each of his three visits, and the driver's performance in brake reaction, lane control, speed control, and steering control were recorded. A random-effects modeling approach was incorporated to address the unobserved heterogeneity caused by the repeated measures. In the results, a recovery effect and a lagging effect were defined for the driving fatigue and performance measures because their temporal patterns were concavely quadratic and had a 1-hour delay compared to the temporal patterns of occupied taxi trips and taxi crash risk in Hong Kong. Demographic variables, such as net income and driver age, also had significant effects on the measured driving fatigue and performance. Policies regarding taxi management and operation based on the modeling results are proposed to alleviate the taxi safety situation in Hong Kong and worldwide.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Condução de Veículo , Comércio , Fadiga , Desempenho Psicomotor , Segurança , Adulto , Automóveis , Desaceleração , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Osteoporos Int ; 30(1): 103-114, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539272

RESUMO

We performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and risk of hip fracture. Patients with PPIs had a greater risk of hip fracture than those without PPI therapy (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1.14-1.28, p < 0.0001). These results could be taken into consideration with caution, and patients should also be concerned about the inappropriate use of PPIs. INTRODUCTION: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are generally considered as first-line medicine with great safety profile, commonly prescribed for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease. However, several epidemiological studies documented that long-term use of PPIs may be associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. Although, the optimal magnitude of the hip fracture risk is still undetermined. We, therefore, performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between PPIs and risk of hip fracture. METHODS: We collected relevant articles using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Web of Science from January 1, 1990, to March 31, 2018. We included only the large (n ≥ 500) observational studies with a follow-up duration of at least one year in which the hip fracture patients were identified by a standard procedure. Two of the authors extracted data from each included study independently according to a standardized protocol. RESULTS: A total of 24 observational studies with 2,103,800 participants (319,568 hip fracture patients) met all the eligibility criteria. Patients with PPIs had a greater risk of hip fracture than those without PPI therapy (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1.14-1.28, p < 0.0001). An increased association was also observed in both low and medium doses of PPI taken and hip fracture risk (RR 1.17, 95% CI 1.05-1.29, p = 0.002; RR 1.28, 95% CI 1.14-1.44, p < 0.0001), but it appeared to be even greater among the patients with higher dose (RR 1.30, 95% CI 1.20-1.40, p < 0.0001). Moreover, the overall pooled risk ratios were 1.20 (95% CI 1.15-1.25, p < 0.0001) and 1.24 (95% CI 1.10-1.40, p < 0.0001) for the patients with short- and long-term PPI therapy, respectively, compared with PPI non-users. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that PPI use is significantly associated with an increased risk of hip fracture development, which is not observed in H2RA exposure. Physicians should, therefore, exercise caution when considering a long-term PPI treatment to their patients who already have an elevated risk of hip fracture. In addition, patients should be concerned about the inappropriate use of PPIs; if necessary, then, they should continue to receive it with a clear indication.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Medição de Risco/métodos
18.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 32(6): 1379-1387, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30574742

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of the p75 NTR receptor in the oxidative damage of retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE). RPE cells transfected with the p75 NTR receptor were used as the experimental group, and the untransfected RPE cells as the control group. BrdU (5-Bromo-2-deoxyUridine) was used to detect cell proliferation activity; PI/Annexin V-FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate, FITC) double staining was used to detect the apoptosis rate of the cells. The expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells was observed by laser microscope, and the expression of ROS, mitochondrial markers, and C expression of cytochrome in cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the Fas protein, pyrolysis Caspase-3, and expression level of the vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF165) protein. The results showed that the proliferation activity of RPE cells in the experimental group decreased gradually with the increase of transfection time, and the apoptosis rate of RPE cells in the experimental group increased gradually with the increase of transfection time, and the apoptosis rate of RPE cells at each time point was significantly higher than that of the control group. The fluorescence intensity of ROS in the experimental group was significantly stronger than that in the control group (P less than 0.01). The fluorescence intensity of cytochrome C in the RPE cells in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group, while the number of positive mitochondria markers in the experimental group was less than that of the control group and the fluorescence intensity was weakened. The expression of Fas protein, Caspase-3 and VEGF165 protein in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P less than 0.01). In conclusion, p75 NTR receptor may be a cause of oxidative damage in RPE cells. .


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Receptores de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/citologia , Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Humanos , Pigmentos da Retina , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor fas/metabolismo
19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(20): 207003, 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30500229

RESUMO

A general feature of unconventional superconductors is the existence of a superconducting dome in the phase diagram. Here we report a series of discrete superconducting phases in the simplest iron-based superconductor, FeSe thin flakes, by continuously tuning the carrier concentration through the intercalation of Li and Na ions with a solid ionic gating technique. Such discrete superconducting phases are robust against the substitution of 20% S for Se, but they are vulnerable to the substitution of 2% Cu for Fe, highlighting the importance of the iron site being intact. The superconducting phase diagram for FeSe derivatives is given, which is distinct from that of other unconventional superconductors.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(22): 7832-7840, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play critical roles in tumorigenesis, tumor recurrence and metastasis. This study aims to investigate the effects of small interfere microRNA-21 RNA (miR-21 RNAi) on cell proliferation, invasive ability of high-invasion liver cancer stem cells (H-ILCSCs), HCCLM3 and HL-7702 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: pLVX-shRNA2 lentiviral vector system was established, packaged and transfected into H-ILCSCs, HCCLM3 and HL-7702 cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was performed to observe cell viabilities of cells. Transwell assay was conducted to evaluate the invasion potential of H-ILCSCs, HCCLM3 and HL-7702 cells. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay was used to examine the miR-21 levels in different cell lines. RESULTS: pLVX-anti-miR21 lentiviral vector system was successfully established. miR-21 levels were down-regulated in anti-miR-21 gene steady expression cell lines compared to untreated cells (p<0.05). miR-21 levels were significantly lower in H-ILCSC2-LV-anti-miR-21 group compared to HCCLM3-anti-miR-21 and HL7702-anti-miR-21 (p<0.05). miR-21 inhibition significantly decreased cell proliferation and invasion compared to untreated cells (p<0.05). Cell proliferation and invasive ability of H-ILCSC2-LV-anti-miR-21 group were significantly higher compared to HCCLM3-anti-miR-21 and HL7702-anti-miR-21 (p<0.05). There were even not effects of miR-21 RNAi treatment on the cell proliferation and invasion of HL-7702 cells. CONCLUSIONS: The down-regulation of miR-21 significantly inhibited the cell proliferation and invasion abilities of H-ILCSCs and HCCLM3 cells, and illustrated higher effects on H-ILCSCs.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Interferência de RNA , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transfecção
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