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1.
BMC Urol ; 21(1): 1, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone neoplasm and is sometimes referred to as osteocartilaginous exostosis. The symptoms caused by osteochondroma are rare, especially the urogenital complications. Therefore, this tumour is sometimes misdiagnosed. CASE PRESENTATION: This report described a 70-year-old woman with hematuria who was initially misdiagnosed with a bladder tumour in the outpatient department by a urologist. However, during cystoscopy, we found that the mass did not resemble a bladder tumor. Multidisciplinary approach with careful analysis of the imaging data suggested the diagnosis of osteochondroma. Open surgical excision of the mass was done and histology confirmed the diagnosis of benign osteochondroma. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient was still asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates that hematuria is caused by not only urogenital disease but also osteochondroma. We present this case to draw the attention of clinicians to osteochondroma of the pubic symphysis.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400532

RESUMO

Four novel isopolymolybdate-based coordination polymers (CPs), constructed from 2,6-bis(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pyridine (btp), 1,3-bis(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)benzene (btb), and 3,5-bis(1-imidazolium)pyridine (bip), have been synthesized under a hydrothermal method: {[Co(btp)(H2O)2(ß-Mo8O26)0.5]·3H2O}n (1), [Ni(btp)(H4Mo6O22)0.5]n (2), [Co(btb)(H2O)(ß-Mo8O26)0.5]n (3), and {[Co(Hbip)2(H2O)2(γ-Mo8O26)]·6H2O}n (4). Complex 1 exhibits one 3D framework with an unexpected 3-nodal 2,4,6-c net topology containing the 1D {ß-Mo8O26}n chains, 6-connected CoII centers, and V-type coordinated btp ligands. The neighboring [Mo6O22]4- anions of complex 2 are bridged by the NiII centers to build one 2D {Ni2(Mo6O22)} network, which is arranged into the 3D framework through the weak π···π stacking interactions. In compound 3, one 3D framework is formed by the adjacent 1D {Co2(btp)2}n chains connected by {ß-Mo8O26}n units, which demonstrates a rare 4,6-c fsc topology. In complex 4, one 2D {Co(Hbip)2(γ-Mo8O26)} layer with a (4, 4) network is connected to one 3D hydrogen-bonding framework via N-H···O and O-H···O hydrogen bonds. Magnetic data indicate that complexes 1 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic behaviors, whereas complexes 2 and 3 reveal spin-canting magnetic behavior and metamagnetic behavior, respectively. In addition, the proton conductivity of complexes 3 and 4 was investigated, showing that compound 4 has good proton conductivity at 85 °C and a relative humidity of 98% RH.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 37, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous studies demonstrated that the administration of crude Polysaccharide from Panax notoginseng (CPPN) can effectively prolong the lifespan of tumor-bearing mice via boosting the host immune system as well as weak cytotoxicity against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, Neutral Polysaccharide (NPPN) were further purified from crude polysaccharide isolated from panax notoginseng. The effects of NPPN on the immune function and hematopoietic function of mice with low immunity and myelosuppression induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX) were investigated. The effect of NPPN combined with CTX on the tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice and the impact of NPPN on the proliferation of H22 liver cancer cells in vitro were investigated. METHODS: CPPN was obtained by water extraction and alcohol precipitation method, and further purified by DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow ion exchange resin column. NPPN was added to the immunosuppressed with myelosuppression mice induced by CTX. Thymus index, spleen index, lymphocyte proliferation stimulation index by adding of concanavalin A, determination of serum hemolysin, NK cell activity assay, mice carbon clearance experiment, blood count tests were detected. The tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice treated with NPPN combined with CTX was recorded. RESULTS: NPPN and 4 kinds of acid polysaccharide from Panax notoginseng (APPN) were successfully isolated from the CPPN by DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow ion exchange resin column. NPPN inhibited the growth of H22 cells and significantly increase the tumor inhibition rate of the H22 tumor-bearing mice combined with CTX. The elevation of the cellular and humoral immunity levels as well as a variety of blood count tests indicators of immunosuppressive with myelosuppression mice may contribute to the antitumor activity of NPPN. CONCLUSION: NPPN has a potential antitumor activity for the treatment of liver cancer combined with cyclophosphamide.

4.
Syst Rev ; 10(1): 17, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to comprehensively assess the heterogeneity of procedures in the diagnostic guidelines for acute pancreatitis and to identify gaps limiting knowledge in diagnosing this disease. METHODS: A systematic search of a number of databases was performed to determine the guidelines for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in patients with severe pancreatitis. The guidelines for the diagnosis of severe pancreatitis were evaluated by AGREE II. The Measurement Scale of Rate of Agreement (MSRA) was used to assess the guidelines (2015-2020) and extract evidence supporting these recommendations for analysis. RESULTS: Seven diagnostic guidelines for acute pancreatitis were included. Only the 2019 WSES Guidelines for the Management of Severe Acute Pancreatitis and the Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Acute Pancreatitis: Japanese Guidelines 2015 had a total score of more than 60%, which is worthy of clinical recommendation. The average scores of the Scope and Purpose domain and the Clarity and Expression domain were the highest at 71.62% and 75.59%, respectively, while the average score of the Applicability area was the lowest at 16.67%. The included guidelines were further analyzed to determine the heterogeneity of the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. The main reasons for the heterogeneity were the citation of low-quality evidence, the presence of far too many indicators for the classification of acute pancreatitis, unclear depictions of the standard, and poorly comprehensive recommendations for the diagnosis of the aetiology in the primary diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, the severity classification, the aetiological diagnosis, and the diagnosis of comorbidities. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of different diagnostic guidelines for severe pancreatitis is uneven. The recommendations are largely based on low-quality evidence, and the guidelines still have much room for improvement to reach a high level of quality. The diagnostic procedures for acute pancreatitis vary widely in different guidelines. There are large differences between them, and resolving the abovementioned reasons would be a very wise choice for guideline developers to revise and upgrade the guidelines in the future.

5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 48, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422132

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a neurological, medically incurable disorder. Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have the potential to generate neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs), which hold promise in the treatment of SCI by transplantation. In our study, we aimed to establish a chemically defined culture system using serum-free medium and ascorbic acid (AA) to generate and expand long-term self-renewing neuroepithelial-like stem cells (lt-NES cells) differentiated from hPSCs effectively and stably. METHODS: We induced human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)/induced PSCs (iPSCs) to neurospheres using a newly established in vitro induction system. Moreover, lt-NES cells were derived from hESC/iPSC-neurospheres using two induction systems, i.e., conventional N2 medium with gelatin-coated plates (coated) and N2+AA medium without pre-coated plates (AA), and were characterized by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis and immunocytochemistry staining. Subsequently, lt-NES cells were induced to neurons. A microelectrode array (MEA) recording system was used to evaluate the functionality of the neurons differentiated from lt-NES cells. Finally, the mechanism underlying the induction of lt-NES cells by AA was explored through RNA-seq and the use of inhibitors. RESULTS: HESCs/iPSCs were efficiently induced to neurospheres using a newly established induction system in vitro. lt-NES cells derived from hESC/iPSC-neurospheres using the two induction systems (coated vs. AA) both expressed the neural pluripotency-associated genes PAX6, NESTIN, SOX1, and SOX2. After long-term cultivation, we found that they both exhibited long-term expansion for more than a dozen generations while maintaining neuropluripotency. Moreover, the lt-NES cells retained the ability to differentiate into general functional neurons that express ß-tubulin at high levels. We also demonstrated that AA promotes the generation and long-term expansion of lt-NES cells by promoting collagen synthesis via the MEK-ERK1/2 pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This new chemically defined culture system was stable and effective regarding the generation and culture of lt-NES cells induced from hESCs/iPSCs using serum-free medium combined with AA. The lt-NES cells induced under this culture system maintained their long-term expansion and neural pluripotency, with the potential to differentiate into functional neurons.

6.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423101

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the long-term results after Rex bypass (RB) shunt and Rex transposition (RT) shunt and determine the optimal approach. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2019, traditional RB shunt was performed in 24 patients, and modified RT shunt was performed in 23 children with extrahepatic portal hypertension (pHTN). A retrospective study was conducted based on comparative symptoms, platelet counts, color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic portography of the portal system, and gastroscopic gastroesophageal varices postoperatively. The portal venous pressure was evaluated intraoperatively. RESULTS: The operation in the RB group was notably more time-consuming than that in the RT group (P < 0.05). Compared to RT shunt, the reduction in gastroesophageal varix grading, the increases in platelets, and the caliber of the bypass were greater in the RB group (P < 0.05). Although not statistically significant, higher morbidity of surgical complications was found after RT shunt (17.4%) compared with RB shunt (8.3%) with patency rates of 82.6 and 91.7%, respectively. Additionally, patients exhibited a lower rate of rebleeding under the RB procedure (12.5%) than under the RT procedure (21.7%). CONCLUSIONS: The RT procedure is an alternative option for the treatment of pediatric extrahepatic pHTN, and RB shunt is the preferred procedure in our center.

7.
Bioorg Chem ; 106: 104498, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272710

RESUMO

Seven new diterpenoids (1-7), including five 7-membered ring vibsane-type diterpenoids, vibsanolide A-E (1-5) and a pair of epimers of 14,15,16,17-tetranorvibsane-type diterpenoids possessing bicyclo[4.2.1]nonane moiety, vibsanolide F-G (6-7), together with twelve known analogues (8-19) were isolated from the crude extracts of the leaves of Viburnum odoratissimum using Small Molecule Accurate Recognition Technology (SMART). These structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by means of comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data, as well as comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. These compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against A549 and HepG2 cells by MTT assay. The results showed that compound 2 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against A549 cells with IC50 value of 1.11 µM. Further staining experiments indicated that 2 could promote apoptosis induction, enhance reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and attenuate mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in A549 cells. Taken together, these findings provided new insights into understanding the cytotoxic activity of vibsane-type diterpenoids and it is meaningful to further investigate the application potential of V. odoratissimum.

8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(1): 450-458, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372498

RESUMO

In order to investigate the response of soil respiration, soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen, and hydrothermal factors to the addition of biochar and straw, we used an LI-8100 soil carbon flux meter (LI-COR, Lincoln, USA) to study changes in soil respiration and microbial biomass under four treatments:conventional fertilization (CK), conventional fertilization +2.25t·hm-2 biochar-C (T1), conventional fertilizer +2.25t·hm-2 straw-C (T2), and conventional fertilizer +2.25t·hm-2 (biochar-C+straw-C), biochar-C:straw-C=1:1 (T3). The results showed that:① the addition of biochar and straw significantly increased the soil respiration rate and total CO2 emissions, with the largest increase in T3 and the smallest increase in T1. The effect of T1 on soil respiration was promoted in the early stage and later inhibited. ② The microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and the number of functional bacterial colonies increased significantly with biochar and straw amendments. T1 had a significant promotion effect on nitrogen-fixing bacteria, while T2 had no significant effect on the number of fungi, and T3 showed a positive interaction effect. Soil respiration rates were significantly and positively related to soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as well as to the number of bacteria and actinomycetes. ③ The 5 cm soil temperature of T3 significantly increased by 4.53%. The soil respiration rate and soil temperature showed a significant exponential correlation. To sum up, adding straw and biochar with equal carbon content can significantly increase the soil respiration rate and microbial biomass, and the interaction effect between biochar and straw is positive. Compared with that of the straw treatments, the application of biochar can reduce carbon mineralization to a certain extent, and the effect of carbon sequestration is better.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Agricultura , Biomassa , Carvão Vegetal , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Respiração , Microbiologia do Solo
9.
J Cell Biochem ; 122(2): 198-208, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985032

RESUMO

Mammalian female meiosis must be tightly regulated to produce high-quality mature oocytes for subsequent regular fertilization and healthy live birth of the next generation. GTPases control many important signal pathways involved in diverse cellular activities. ADP-ribosylation factor family members (Arfs) in mice possess GTPase activities, and some members have been found to function in meiosis. However, whether other Arfs play a role in meiosis is unknown. In this study, we found that Arl2 and Arf5 are the richest among Arfs in mouse oocytes, and they are more abundant in oocytes than in granular cells. Furthermore, Arl2 and Arf5 depletion both impeded meiotic progression, but by affecting spindles and microfilaments, respectively. Moreover, Arl2 and Arf5 depletion both significantly increased regular reactive oxygen species levels and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and autophagy, indicating that oocyte quality was damaged by Arl2 and Arf5 depletion. These results suggest that Arl2 and Arf5 are two novel essential GTPases required for oocyte meiosis and quality control.

10.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(1): 183-194, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236152

RESUMO

Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is one of the most common complications following an ischemic stroke, and has implications for the clinical and neurological outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine whether elevated ICP may increase IL­1ß and IL­18 secretion by activating the NOD­like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in microglia of ischemic adult rats. Sprague­Dawley rats that underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion were used for assessment of ICP. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected, and western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were used to determine the expression levels of Caspase­1, gasdermin D­N domains (GSDMD­N), IL­1ß and IL­18 in microglial cells. ICP levels were significantly increased, which was accompanied by ROS overproduction, in the brain tissue following ischemia­reperfusion (IR) injury in rats. Treatment with 10% hypertonic saline by intravenous injection significantly reduced the ICP and ROS levels of the rats. Furthermore, high pressure (20 mmHg) combined with oxygen­glucose deprivation (OGD) treatment resulted in increased ROS production in BV­2 microglial cells compared with those subjected to OGD treatment alone in vitro. Elevated pressure upregulated the expression of Caspase­1, GSDMD­N, IL­18 and IL­1ß in IR­treated or OGD­treated microglia both in vivo and in vitro. More importantly, Caspase­1, GSDMD­N, IL­18 and IL­1ß expression in microglia was significantly downregulated when elevated pressure was reduced or removed. These results suggested that elevated ICP­induced IL­1ß and IL­18 overproduction via activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by ischemia­activated microglia may augment neuroinflammation.

11.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(1): 216-219, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180084

RESUMO

Hypsampsone A (1) and hyperhexanone F (2), two novel seco-polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols, were isolated from Hypericum sampsonii. Hypsampsone A (1) features the first spirocyclic system fused with 5/6/5/5 tetracyclic skeleton. Hyperhexanone F (2) represents the second novel 1,2-seco-bicyclo[3.3.1]-PPAP skeleton. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis, computer-assisted structure elucidation software, and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. A plausible biogenetic pathway of 1 was also proposed. Compounds 1 and 2 showed moderate multidrug resistance reversal activity to adriamycin (ADR) resistant cancer cell lines, HepG2/ADR and MCF-7/ADR, with the fold-reversals ranging from 16 to 38 at noncytotoxic concentration of 10 µM.

12.
Environ Pollut ; 268(Pt A): 115802, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143979

RESUMO

Developing a biotechnical system with rapid degradation of pesticide is critical for reducing environmental, food security and health risks. Here, we investigated a novel epigenetic mechanism responsible for the degradation of the pesticide atrazine (ATZ) in rice crops mediated by the key component CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1a (OsCOI1a) in the jasmonate-signaling pathway. OsCOI1a protein was localized to the nucleus and strongly induced by ATZ exposure. Overexpression of OsCOI1a (OE) significantly conferred resistance to ATZ toxicity, leading to the improved growth and reduced ATZ accumulation (particularly in grains) in rice crops. HPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis revealed increased ATZ-degraded products in the OE plants, suggesting the occurrence of vigorous ATZ catabolism. Bisulfite-sequencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed that ATZ exposure drastically reduced DNA methylation at CpG context and histone H3K9me2 marks in the upstream of OsCOI1a. The causal relationships between the DNA demethylation (hypomethylatioin), OsCOI1a expression and subsequent detoxification and degradation of ATZ in rice and environment were well established by several lines of biological, genetic and chemical evidence. Our work uncovered a novel regulatory mechanism implicated in the defense linked to the epigenetic modification and jasmonate signaling pathway. It also provided a modus operandi that can be used for metabolic engineering of rice to minimize amounts of ATZ in the crop and environment.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Herbicidas , Oryza , Praguicidas , Ciclopentanos , Epigênese Genética , Oryza/genética , Oxilipinas , Transdução de Sinais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260875

RESUMO

Envenomation by viperid snakes may lead to severe bleeding, consumption coagulopathy, and thrombotic microangiopathy symptoms. The exact etiology or toxins responsible for thrombotic microangiopathy symptoms after snake envenomation remain obscure. Snake C-type lectin-like proteins (snaclecs) are one of the main non-enzymatic protein constituents in viper venoms, of which a majority are considered as modulators of thrombosis and hemostasis. In this study, we demonstrated that two snaclecs (mucetin and stejnulxin), isolated and identified from Protobothrops mucrosquamatus and Trimeresurus stejnegeri venoms, directly induced platelet degranulation and clot-retraction in vitro, and microvascular thrombosis has been confirmed in various organs in vivo. These snaclecs reduced cerebral blood flow and impaired motor balance and spatial memories in mice, which partially represent the thrombotic microangiopathy symptoms in some snakebite patients. The functional blocking of these snaclecs with antibodies alleviated the viper venom induced platelet activation and thrombotic microangiopathy-like symptoms. Understanding the pathophysiology of thrombotic microangiopathy associated with snake envenoming may lead to emerging therapeutic strategies.

14.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(12): 1166-70, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of tibiotalocalcaneal fusion using cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach. METHODS: From June 2015 to December 2018, 15 patients underwent a tibiotalocalcaneal fusion operation using cannulated screw and inverted proximal humerus locking plate through a transfibular approach. There were 10 males and 5 females with the age ranging from 45 to 72 (58.9±6.1) years, and the course of disease ranged from 2 to 35 (11.9±7.9)years. Preoperative diagnosis included 8 cases of post traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot-Marie -Tooth (CMT), 1 case of ankle tuberculosis, 1 case of talar necrosis, and 1 case of pigmented villonnodular synovitis. Among them, 8 patients were combined with simple varus deformity, 4 patients with simple valgus deformity, 2 patients with equinovarus deformity, 1 patient with equinovarus deformity, 2 patients with adduction and internal rotation of middle and forefoot. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot score and the visual analogue scale (VAS) score were used to evaluate the clinical outcome at the last follow up. RESULTS: One lost follow up and remaining fourteen patients were followed up. The follow up time ranged from 10 to 25(16.6±4.3) months. All the 15 patients had primary healing. Fusion time ranged from 15 to 24 (16.8 ± 2.4) weeks after operation. One patient with diabetes experienced delayed union and was successfully treated with secondary bone grafting combined with Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injection. The AOFAS score increased from 38.7±3.3 to 84.5±2.6 (P<0.05), and the VAS score decreased from 7.5±1.6 to 1.9±0.3(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Tibiotalocalcaneal fusion used cannulated screw and humeral proximal locking plate inverted fixation through a lateral transfibular approach has the advantages of relatively simple technique, high fusion rate, especially for patients with posterior foot deformity, which has satisfactory short term effects.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Articulação do Tornozelo , Artrodese , Feminino , Humanos , Úmero , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5215-5224, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374037

RESUMO

Based on the ground-level ozone concentration monitoring data in 2018, the ozone concentrations in 338 cities at the prefecture level and above were analyzed, and the TCEQ method was utilized to calculate the amount of locally generated ozone and regionally transported ozone in each city to divide the national ozone pollution control area and develop appropriate ozone pollution control measures. Correlation analysis was conducted between the amount of locally generated ozone and the daily maximum 8 h average ozone in each city to determine the main source of ozone pollution by determination coefficient (R2). The results show that 121 cities (35.8%) in China exceeded the standard in O3 concentration in 2018. The local generation of O3 in 104 cities has a great impact on the local O3 pollution, and is its main cause. In the other 234 cities, the main source of O3 pollution is regionally transported O3. Cities are classified into four categories based on their ozone concentration levels and pollution sources:cities with a nonattainment ozone situation and mainly locally generated ozone (N-L), cities with a nonattainment ozone situation and mainly regionally transported ozone (N-T), cities with a standard ozone situation and mainly locally generated ozone (S-L), and cities with a standard ozone situation and mainly regionally transported ozone (S-T). Finally, according to the proportion of four city types in each province, the whole country is divided into three types of control areas:severe, moderate, and general. N-L cities in the severe control area account for the largest proportion (20.3%) of the three types of control areas and the pollution is the highest; the proportion of the four categories of cities in the moderate control area are all medium; the general control area mainly includes S-T cities (65.4%), and the pollution is the lowest.

16.
Small ; : e2005925, 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372299

RESUMO

Optical fibers made of polymeric materials possess high flexibility that can potentially integrate with flexible electronic devices to realize complex functions in biology and neurology. Here, a multichannel flexible device based on four individually addressable optical fibers transfer-printed with flexible electronic components and controlled by a wireless circuit is developed. The resulting device offers excellent mechanics that is compatible with soft and curvilinear tissues, and excellent diversity through switching different light sources. The combined configuration of optical fibers and flexible electronics allows optical stimulation in selective wavelengths guided by the optical fibers, while conducting distributed, high-throughput biopotential sensing using the flexible microelectrode arrays. The device has been demonstrated in vivo with rats through optical stimulation and simultaneously monitoring of spontaneous/evoked spike signals and local field potentials using 32 microelectrodes in four brain regions. Biocompatibility of the device has been characterized by behavior and immunohistochemistry studies, demonstrating potential applications of the device in long-term animal studies. The techniques to integrate flexible electronics with optical fibers may inspire the development of more flexible optoelectronic devices for sophisticated applications in biomedicine and biology.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369385

RESUMO

BN-doped polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have attracted numerous attentions because of their fascinating optical and electronic properties. In this work, a series of electron-donor (amine)- and -acceptor (borane)-functionalized BN-doped polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were prepared to study the substituents' effect on the photophysical properties. As a result, the compound with both donor and acceptor, BN, exhibits both local emission (LE) and charge-transfer emission (CT) in polar solvents. Especially, the CT emission with a longer wavelength revealed a lifetime as long as millisecond time scale at room temperature, indicating typical phosphorescence characteristics. Low-temperature photoluminescent (PL) spectroscopy and a theoretical study were conducted to help to interpret this phenomenon, and it turned out to be the lowering of the S1 energy level of BN which makes the intersystem crossing favorable. Furthermore, fluoride anion titration experiments exhibit the application potential of the dual-emission phenomenon of BN for ratiometric sensory materials.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 22028, 2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328507

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to curate clustered findings of duplex ultrasound in the evaluation of spermatic venous varicoceles, and deliver more responses to the present concerns. Archives of 979 men who had undergone scrotum and spermatic venous plexus duplex ultrasound were reviewed. In the duplex ultrasound interrogation, the sizes of the larger vessels of the spermatic venous plexus, peritesticular vessels, and testicular volume and relevant parameters were measured. Findings of the vessels were analyzed. One hundred and eight-one out of 979 patients had varicoceles. Color Doppler flow signal was rendered in veins of pampiniform plexus but not in peritesticular vessels in 501 out of 979 patients; 101 out of 501 patients had veins of pampiniform plexus ≤ 3 mm, no color Doppler flow signal could be rendered in the veins in the 101 patients at supine and standing positions without Valsalva maneuver, color Doppler flow signal could be rendered in the veins in 82 out of 101 patients at supine and standing positions with Valsalva maneuver; no color Doppler flow signal could be rendered in the veins from 19 out of 101 patients with and without Valsalva maneuver at supine and standing positions. 37 out of 979 patients with 61 ipsilateral testicular volume ≤ 5 mL had no vessel diameter > 2 mm. The incidences of varicoceles corresponding to different ranges of testicular volume of 1-5 mL, 5.1-10 mL, 10.1-15 mL, 15.1-20 mL, 20.1-25 mL, and 25.1-30 mL were 0.0%, 6.9%, 8.3%, 6.63%, 20.94%, and 59.1%, respectively. The comparisons of incidences of varicocele between distribution percentages of different ranges of testicular volume of 1-5 mL and others (of 5.1 mL and more) were all significant (all P < 0.05). The correlation coefficient between the different ranges of testicular volume and the incidence of varicoceles was 0.829. Increased testicular volume may be also a factor for the development of varicoceles. Dilated peritesticular vessels may be collateral veins of spermatic veins, anterior and posterior scrotal veins, or proximal vas deferens.

19.
J Immunol Methods ; : 112955, 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383062

RESUMO

Identifying engineered T cells in situ is important to understand the location, persistence, and phenotype of these cells in patients after adoptive T cell therapy. While engineered cells are routinely characterized in fresh tissue or blood from patients by flow cytometry, it is difficult to distinguish them from endogenous cells in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue biopsies. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a method for characterizing engineered T cells in fixed tissue using in situ hybridization (ISH) to the woodchuck hepatitis post-transcriptional regulatory element (WPRE) common in many lentiviral vectors used to transduce chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) and T cell receptor T (TCR-T) cells, coupled with alternative permeabilization conditions that allows subsequent multiplex immunohistochemical (mIHC) staining within the same image. This new method provides the ability to mark the cells by ISH, and simultaneously stain for cell-associated proteins to immunophenotype CAR/TCR modified T cells within tumors, as well as assess potential roles of these cells in on-target/off-tumor toxicity in other tissue.

20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 2051-2055, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of IL-27 on Th17 cells in patients with henoch-schönlein purpura(HSP) in order to further elucidate the pathogenesis. METHODS: Fifty patients with HSP treated in our hospital from April 2019 to July 2019 were selected as HSP group, and 30 volunteers underwent physical examination at the same time were selected as control group. The proportion of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of HSP group and healthy control group was determined by flow cytometry (FCM). A total of 27 HSP patients were selected, and candidate peripheral blood mononuclear lymphocytes (PBMC) were co-cultured with exogenous rhIL-27, and the ratio of Th17 cells was detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The proportion of Th17 cells in the peripheral blood of HSP patients with acute phase was (1.57±0.54)%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.86±0.40)% (t=-6.298, P<0.001), and the proportion of Th17 cells was decreased significantly after rhIL-27 co-culture (1.39%±0.52% vs 0.98%±0.44%)(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: IL-27 can reduce the level of Th17 cells in patients with HSP, which may be involved in the pathogenic process of HSP and play a protective role in the development of the disease.


Assuntos
Interleucina-27 , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Pacientes , Células Th17
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