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1.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; 107(1): e21781, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687102

RESUMO

The Chinese white wax scale insect, Ericerus pela, is an important resource insect in China. The rapid response of E. pela to decreasing temperatures plays key roles in the population distribution. In this study, we analyzed the gene expression of E. pela treated with low temperature using transcriptome analyses and weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA). The results showed that the cold resistance of E. pela involved changes in the expression of many genes. The genes were mainly involved in alcohol formation activity, lipid metabolism, membrane and structure, and oxidoreductase activity. According to the WGCNA results, some pathways related to cold resistance were found in the genes in the modules, such as cytoskeleton proteins, cytoskeleton protein pathway, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, glycerophospholipid metabolism, ether lipid metabolism, and thermogenesis. Some of the hub genes were nonspecific lipid-transfer proteins, DnaJ homolog subfamily C member 13, paramyosin, tropomodulin, and tubulin beta chain. In particular, the hub genes of the tan module included the heat shock protein (hsp) 10, hsp 60, hsp 70, and hsp 90 genes. Thirty-five antifreeze protein (afp) genes were identified according to the annotation results. Three afp genes were further identified among the hub genes. Six of these genes were selected for heterogeneous protein expression. One of them was expressed successfully. The thermal hysteresis activity (THA) analyses showed that the THA was 1.73°C. These results showed that the cytoskeleton, lipid metabolism, thermogenesis, HSPs and AFPs may play important roles in the cold resistance of E. pela.

2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3091-3095, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238231

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic and non-motile strain, designated SYSUP0004T, was isolated from the tubers of Gastrodia elata Blume collected from Yunnan Province, PR China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence result showed that the strain SYSUP0004T shared low similarity (97.7 %) with the type strain of Cellulomonas marina. SYSUP0004T grew at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0), temperature 4-30 °C (optimum, 28 °C) and could tolerate NaCl up to 4 % w/v (optimum in the absence of NaCl). The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A4ß with an interpeptide bridge l-ornithine-d-glutamic acid. Cell-wall sugars were mannose, ribose, glucose, galactose and fucose. The menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C15 : 1 A, C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The polar lipids of SYSUP0004T were diphosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phosphoglycolipid, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and unidentified glycolipid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 76.5 %. The average nucleotide identity values between SYSUP0004T and members of the genus Cellulomonas were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) recommended as the ANI criterion for interspecies identity. Thus, based on the above results strain SYSUP0004T represents a novel species of the genus Cellulomonas, for which the name Cellulomonas endophytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain, SYSUP0004T (=KCTC 49025T=CGMCC 1.16405T).


Assuntos
Cellulomonas/classificação , Gastrodia/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cellulomonas/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Tubérculos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
J Phys Chem A ; 124(2): 395-408, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856564

RESUMO

The mechanisms for the reaction between diphenylamine and diethyl 2-phenylmalonate were investigated using M06-2X-D3/6-31+G(d,p) method and level, and the SMD model was applied to simulate the solvent effect. The computational results suggested that diphenylamine and diethyl 2-phenylmalonate can convert into 4-hydroxy-1,3-diphenylquinolin-2(1H)-one via a series of reactions (addition reaction, dealcoholization reaction, enolization reaction, dealcoholization reaction, ring-closure reaction, and H-shift reaction). And H2O, as the catalyst, can play an important role to promote these reactions. In the following reaction, there are two paths to yield the second product 3-chloro-1,3-diphenylquinoline-2,4(1H,3H)-dione and the computational results indicated that the first path (blue line) with the rate-determining step of 24.9 kcal/mol is favorable. With the participation of methanamine, a SN2 reaction happened and the third product 3-(methylamino)-1,3-diphenylquinoline-2,4(1H,3H)-dione had been yielded in the effect of methanamine or Cl anion. The analysis of Gibbs free energy surfaces shows that methanamine is better than Cl anion to extract the proton via an exothermic reaction. Finally, the third product 3-(methylamino)-1,3-diphenylquinoline-2,4(1H,3H)-dione would go through a ring-enlargement reaction, promoted by base (TMG or Triton B), to yield the final product. The computational results demonstrated that this reaction can release much energy with Triton B than that with TMG. And the energy of the highest point is 10.1 kcal/mol (16.8 kcal/mol), which can readily occur at the room temperature. The results could provide valuable insights into these types of interactions and related ones.

4.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 73(1): 35-39, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434994

RESUMO

A Gram-staining positive and nonmotile strain designated SYSUP0005T was isolated from tubers of Gastrodia elata Blume. The 16S rRNA gene sequence result showed that strain SYSUP0005T shared highest sequence similarity with the type strain of Amycolatopsis cappadoca (95.7%), Amycolatopsis taiwanensis (95.4%), Amycolatopsis pigmentata (95.4%), Amycolatopsis ruanii (95.1%), and Amycolatopsis helveola (94.8%). Growth occurs at 14-37 °C (optimum temperature, 28 °C), at pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 8) and in the presence of up to 6% (w/v) NaCl. Strain SYSUP0005T had meso-diaminopimelic acid in its peptidoglycan. The whole cell sugars were galactose, ribose, and xylose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4) and minor menaquinones were MK-9(H2) and MK-9(H8). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG); phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine (PME), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), unidentified glycolipid (GL), and unidentified phospholipid (PL). The genomic DNA G + C content was 69.6 mol%. The major fatty acids were iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, C16:0, iso-C14:0, C17:1 ω6c, C17:0, and Summed Feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c). On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic characters, and genomic comparison, SYSUP0005T represents a novel species of the genus Amycolatopsis, for which the name Amycolatopsis alkalitolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSUP0005T (=KCTC 49024T = CGMCC4.7463T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Gastrodia/microbiologia , Actinomycetales/química , Actinomycetales/classificação , Composição de Bases , Sequência de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Lipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Tubérculos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise , Açúcares/química , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(3): 1491-1503, 2019 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088002

RESUMO

In order to reveal the effect of vegetation type and soil physicochemical properties on the distribution of soil organic carbon and its components, a field survey was carried out on nine different plant communities along a water table gradient in the Huixian wetland with samples of soil at 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm, and 20-30 cm in depth. The soil organic carbon (SOC), light fraction organic carbon (LFOC), heavy fraction organic carbon (HFOC), easily oxidized organic carbon (EOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC), and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) were measured. The correlations among soil organic carbon components and soil physicochemical properties were also examined. The results showed that:① The average proportion of LFOC and HFOC to SOC at 0-30 cm soil depth was 11.10% and 88.90%, respectively. The distribution ratio of the heavy component was much higher than of the light component in soils. ② The content of SOC, DOC, EOC, POC, and MBC (except in the Panicum repens community) and the values of DOC/SOC, EOC/SOC, and POC/SOC all decreased with increase of the soil depth. ③ Among the nine different plant communities, the contents of SOC, LFOC, HFOC, MBC, DOC, EOC, and POC of Cladium chinense were significantly higher than for other communities in same soil layers. ④ There were significantly positive correlations among soil organic carbon components (SOC) and soil total nitrogen (TN). LFOC, HFOC, DOC, and POC were also positively correlated with soil pH. The soil bulk density was significantly negative correlated with LFOC, HFOC, DOC, EOC, and POC, and the content of clay was also negatively correlated with LFOC, HFOC, DOC, POC, and MBC. ⑤ Path analysis showed that TN, soil pH, soil sand content, and soil water content (SWC) has indirect effects on HFOC by influencing other soil factors. Soil TN had strong positive effects on EOC, DOC, and POC, and SWC also has the largest direct negative effect on MBC. This showed that there were close interactions between soil physicochemical properties and soil organic carbon components. This study may provide a reference base for sustainable development and scientific predictions regarding the Huixian Karst wetland.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Água Subterrânea , Solo/química , Áreas Alagadas , China , Nitrogênio , Plantas
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(4): 1030-1034, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30735115

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile strain, SYSUP0001T, was isolated from tubers of Gastrodia elata Blume. The 16S rRNA gene sequence result indicated that SYSUP0001T represents a member of the genus Sphingomonas, with the highest sequence similarity (97.7 %) to the type strain of Sphingomonasginsengisoli. SYSUP0001T grew at 14-37 °C and pH 6-8, with optimum growth at 28 °C and pH 7. Tolerance to NaCl was up to 3 % (w/v) with optimum growth in the absence of NaCl. The respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω7c, Summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), sphingoglycolipid (SGL), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and four unidentified polar lipids (L). The DNA G+C content was 67.5 %. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between SYSUP0001T and closely related members of the genus Sphingomonas were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) for species delineation. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characterizations, SYSUP0001T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonasmesophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSUP0001T (=KCTC 62179 T=CGMCC 1.16462T).


Assuntos
Gastrodia/microbiologia , Filogenia , Tubérculos/microbiologia , Sphingomonas/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonas/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643871

RESUMO

We report here the draft genome sequence of Sphingomonas ginsengisoli KCTC 12630T. The draft genome has a size of 3,045,889 bp and a G+C content of 67.1%. The availability of the genome sequence will provide a better understanding of strain KCTC 12630T and the genus Sphingomonas.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(1): 261-265, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30489238

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile strain, SYSUP0003T, was isolated from tubers of Gastrodia elata Blume. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SYSUP0003T belonged to the genus Paracoccus, with the highest sequence similarity to the type strain of Paracoccus sediminis (97.5 %). Strain SYSUP0003T grew at pH 6.0-8.0 and 4-30 °C with optimum growth at pH 7.0 and 28 °C. Strain SYSUP0003T could tolerate up to 1 % (w/v) NaCl and grew optimally in the absence of NaCl. The isoprenoid quinone of strain SYSUP0003T was Q-10. The major fatty acids were C18 : 0, C16 : 0, C10 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 7. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), aminophospholipids (AL), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and four unidentified polar lipids (L). The genome size was 3 204 685 bp, with a DNA G+C content of 69.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between strain SYSUP0003T and P. sediminis DSM 26170T (ANIm 84.2 %, ANIb 75.6 %), Paracoccus solventivorans DSM 6637T (ANIm 84.5 %, ANIb 76.9 %) and Paracoccus alkenifer DSM 11593T (ANIm 84.3 %, ANIb 77.3 %) were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) for species delineation. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular characterizations, strain SYSUP0003T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus endophyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSUP0003T (=KCTC 62180T=CGMCC 1.16545T).


Assuntos
Gastrodia/microbiologia , Paracoccus/classificação , Filogenia , Tubérculos/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Front Chem ; 6: 508, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406086

RESUMO

Power transformer is one of the critical and expensive apparatus in high voltage power system. Hence, using highly efficient gas sensors to real-time monitor the fault characteristic gases dissolved in transformer oil is in pressing need to ensure the smooth functionalization of the power system. Till date, as a semiconductor metal oxide, zinc oxide (ZnO) is considered as the promising resistive-type gas sensing material. However, the elevated operating temperature, slow response, poor selectivity and stability limit its extensive applications in the field of dissolved gases monitoring. In this respect, rigorous efforts have been made to offset the above-mentioned shortcomings by multiple strategies. In this review, we first introduce the various ZnO hierarchical structures which possess high surface areas and less aggregation, as well as their corresponding gas sensing performances. Then, the primary parameters (sensitivity, selectivity and stability) which affect the performances of ZnO hierarchical structures based gas sensors are discussed in detail. Much more attention is particularly paid to the improvement strategies of enhancing these parameters, mainly including surface modification, additive doping and ultraviolet (UV) light activation. We finally review gas sensing mechanism of ZnO hierarchical structure based gas sensor. Such a detailed study may open up an avenue to fabricate sensor which achieve high sensitivity, good selectivity and long-term stability, making it a promising candidate for transformer oil monitor.

10.
Front Chem ; 6: 472, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30364160

RESUMO

Acetylene gas (C2H2) is one of the main arc discharge characteristic gases dissolved in power transformer oil. It is of great potential to monitor the fault gas on-line by applying gas sensor technology. In this paper, gas sensors based on nanorods and nanoneedles assembled hierarchical NiO structures have been prepared. Herein, we focus on investigate the relationship between the sizes of the assembling blocking units and gas sensing properties. It can be found that the addition of CTAB/EG plays a vital role in controlling the sizes of blocking unit and assembly manner of 3D hierarchical structures. A comparison study reveals that an enhanced gas sensing performance toward C2H2 for the sensor based on nanoneedle-assembled NiO flowers occurs over that of nanorod-assembled NiO. This enhancement could be ascribed to the larger specific area of needle-flower, which provides more adsorption and desorption sites for chemical reaction as well as effective diffusion channels for C2H2. Besides, a method of calculating the specific surface area without BET testing was presented to verify the results of gas sensing measurement. The possible growth mechanism and gas sensing mechanism were discussed. Such a synthesis way may open up an avenue to tailor the morphologies and control the sizes of blocking units of some other metal oxides and enhance their gas sensing performances.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(4): 1813-1823, 2018 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965008

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of reclamation on soil quality in the Huixian Karst Wetland, samples from different soil levels were collected from marsh wetland, reclaimed paddy field, and reclaimed dry farmland, for analyzing soil nutrient (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium) contents, microbial biomass carbon/nitrogen (MBC/MBN), and microbial activity indicators[i.e. basal respiration (BR), potential respiration (PR), microbial quotient (qMB), and metabolic quotient (qCO2)]. The correlations between the soil nutrient contents and soil microbial activity indictors were examined. The results showed that:①Artificial reclamation led to the trend of slight acidity in the soil and a marked loss in soil nutrients, while, the pH value, soil water content (SWC), and the contents of soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), available nitrogen (AN), total phosphorus (TP), available phosphorus (AP), total potassium (TK), and available potassium (AK) decreased with reclamation. ②Among all the microbes, bacteria were the most numerous, followed by actinomycetes, and fungi were the least numerous. The microbial quantity decreased with the increase in the soil depth on the whole. The proportion of bacteria and actinomycetes were much higher in the paddy field, and that of fungi was the highest in the dry farmland. ③ In total, protease, sucrase, urease, catalase, and polyphenol oxidase activities decreased with the increasing of soil depths. Soil reclamation reduced the soil enzyme activities. ④qCO2 decreased after an initial increase in the marsh wetland, while it rose gradually in the reclaimed paddy field and reclaimed dry farmland. The contents of MBC, MBN, BR, PR, and qMB were the highest in the marsh wetland, followed by those in the reclaimed paddy field, with the lowest contents occurring in the reclaimed dry farmland. The trend of qCO2 contents in the 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil layers followed the order of marsh wetland > paddy field > dry farmland, but in the 20-30 cm and 30-40 cm soil layers, it showed the order dry farmland > paddy field > marsh wetland. The continuation of reclamation resulted in the decrease in soil microbial activity, and soil quality as well, especially in the dry farmland. Meanwhile, we should reduce the areas of paddy fields and dry farmlands under reclamation during the process of wetland ecological restoration in future. Conversion of farmlands to wetlands or lakes, to improve and increase the size of wetland ecosystems of nearby lands, should be done gradually.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Áreas Alagadas , Agricultura , Bactérias/classificação , Carbono , China , Fungos/classificação , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Potássio
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2659-2663, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969086

RESUMO

A Gram-positive and non-motile actinobacterium, designated strain EGI 60016T, was isolated from healthy roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis F. collected from Xinyuan County, Xinjiang Province, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain EGI 60016T was found to show 97.5 and 97.3 % sequence similarities to Nesterenkonia rhizosphaerae EGI 80099T and Nesternkonia massiliensis NP1T, respectively. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain EGI 60016T formed a distinct clade with N. rhizosphaerae EGI 80099T and N. massiliensis NP1T. The polar lipids detected for strain EGI 60016T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, an unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified lipid and an unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 64.1 mol%. Other chemotaxonomic features of strain EGI 60016T included MK-7, MK-8 and MK-9 as the respiratory quinones, and anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0 as the major fatty acids. Based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis supported by morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic and other differentiating phenotypic characteristics, strain EGI 60016T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia endophytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EGI 60016T (=CCTCC AB 2017176T=NBRC 112398T).


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza uralensis/microbiologia , Micrococcaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Micrococcaceae/genética , Micrococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(2): 415-422, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749148

RESUMO

In this paper, we took the leaves of shrubland plants in rocky desertification area in Southwestern Hunan as the research object to analyze the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) stoichiometry characteristics for different functional groups and different grades of rocky desertification, i.e., light rocky desertification (LRD), moderate rocky desertification (MRD) and intense rocky desertification (IRD). The results showed that the average contents of N and P were 12.89 and 1.19 g·kg-1, respectively, and N/P was 11.24 in common shrubland plants in the study area, which indicated that the growth of most plants were mainly limited by N. The content of N was declined in order of deciduous shrubs > evergreen shrubs > annual herbs > perennial herbs. The content of P and N/P were higher in deciduous shrubs than in perennial herbs. Significant differences were found among the main families of plants in terms of the contents of N, P and N/P in the study sites. The plants of Gramineae had the lowest contents of N and P, andtheir growth was mostly restricted by N, while Leguminosae had the highest content of N and N/P, and their productivity was majorly controlled by P. The contents of N and P in the leaves were significantly higher in dicotyledon plants and C3 plants than in monocotyledon plants and C4 plants, but the N/P was not significantly diffe-rent between these two plant categories. The nitrogen-fixing plants had higher content of N and N/P than the non-nitrogen-fixing plants, but the P content was not significantly different between these two plant groups. There were significant correlations between contents of N and P, N/P and N in all study plots. No significant correlation was found between N/P and P content in the examined rocky desertification sites, except for that in MRD. There were no significant differences of the contents of N, P and N/P under different grades of rocky desertification.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , China , Ecossistema , Folhas de Planta , Plantas , Solo
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(3): 1287-1292, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26739161

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile actinomycete strain, designated EGI 60007T, was isolated from healthy roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis F. collected from Yili County, Xinjiang Province, north-west China. A polyphasic approach was applied to study the taxonomic position of the new isolate. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain EGI 60007T had highest similarities with members of the genus Pseudoclavibacter, including Pseudoclavibacter chungangensis CAU 59T (96.98 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Pseudoclavibacter helvolus DSM 20419T (96.43 %) and Pseudoclavibacter terrae THG-MD12T (96.14 %). The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain EGI 60007T clustered with members of the genus Pseudoclavibacter, and formed a distinct clade with P. chungangensis CAU 59T. The polar lipids detected for strain EGI 60007T were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 63.3 mol%. The chemotaxonomic features of strain EGI 60007T showed typical characteristics of the genus Pseudoclavibacter, with MK-9 as the respiratory quinone, 2,4-diaminobutyric acid as the diamino acid in the peptidoglycan, and anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The sugars of whole-cell hydrolysates were mainly mannose, rhamnose, ribose and glucose, and a minor amount of xylose. Based on the results of the phylogentic analysis supported by morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic and other differentiating phenotypic characteristics, strain EGI 60007T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudoclavibacter, for which the name Pseudoclavibacter endophyticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EGI 60007T ( = CGMCC 1.15081T = KCTC 39112T = DSM 29943T).

16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 27(4): 1015-1023, 2016 Apr 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732754

RESUMO

This research was conducted in light (LRD), moderate (MRD, abandoned land) and intense (IRD) rocky desertification shrub ecosystems in Shaoyang, Hunan Province. We collected plant samples and soil at 3 layers (0-15, 15-30, 30-45 cm), and analyzed the distribution patterns of soil and plant nutrients and the relationships among them. Our results showed that the contents of soil organic carbon (SOC) and total N in different soil layers were various and decreased with soil depth, while the contents of total P, K, Ca and Mg had no obvious variation among the different soil layers. The contents of total N, P, Ca and Mg in soil were significantly different among the 3 rocky desertification shrub ecosystems, and the SOC, total N and total P in MRD were relatively higher than in the others. The rank of macroelement contents in soils for LRD and IRD was SOC>total K>total Ca>total Mg>total N>total P, while it was SOC>total K>total Ca>total N>total Mg>total P for MRD. The rank of macroelement contents in plants from the 3 rocky desertification shrub ecosystems was Ca>N>K>Mg>P, and the contents of N and P in plants were significantly positively correlated with the corresponding contents of total N and total P in soils. Soil nutrients were closely related to vegetation growth. According to the soil nutrient status of desertification plots of different grades, we should integrate the forest reservation with artificial afforestation and targeted fertilization methods for managing karst rocky desertification.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Ecossistema , Solo/química , China , Florestas , Plantas
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 198(2): 171-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26615404

RESUMO

A novel Gram-staining negative, motile, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterial strain, designated EGI 60010(T), was isolated from healthy roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis F. collected from Yili County, Xinjiang Province, North-West China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain EGI 60010(T) showed 97.2 % sequence similarities with Ochrobactrum anthropi ATCC 49188(T) and Ochrobactrum cytisi ESC1(T), and 97.1 % with Ochrobactrum lupini LUP21(T). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the new isolate clustered with members of the genera Ochrobactrum, and formed a distinct clade in the neighbour-joining tree. Q-10 was identified as the respiratory quinone for strain EGI 60010(T). The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c), C19:0 cyclo ω8c, summed feature 4 (C17:1 iso I/anteiso B) and C16:0. The polar lipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA G+C content of strain EGI 60010(T) was determined to be 60.4 mol%. The genomic DNA relatedness values determined between strain EGI 60010(T) and the closely related strains O. anthropi JCM 21032(T), O. cytisi CCTCC AB2014258(T) and O. lupini NBRC 102587(T) were 50.3, 50.0 and 41.6 %, respectively. Based on the results of the molecular studies supported by its differentiating phenotypic characteristics, strain EGI 60010(T) was considered to represent a novel species within the genus Ochrobactrum, for which the name Ochrobactrum endophyticum sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is EGI 60010(T) (=CGMCC 1.15082(T) = KCTC 42485(T) = DSM 29930(T)).


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza uralensis/microbiologia , Ochrobactrum/classificação , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Composição de Bases , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ochrobactrum/genética , Ochrobactrum/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 197(7): 911-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26047607

RESUMO

A novel Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterial strain, designated EGI 60015(T), was isolated from healthy roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis F. collected from Yili County, Xinjiang Province, Northwest China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain EGI 60015(T) was found to show 97.6% sequence similarity with Novosphingobium pentaromativorans US6-1(T). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a clade with N. pentaromativorans US6-1(T) in the neighbor-joining tree. Q-10 was identified as the respiratory quinone of strain EGI 60015(T). The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c; 55.04%), summed feature 4 (C17:1 anteiso B and/or iso I; 18.34%) and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c; 8.53%). The polar lipids detected were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and sphingoglycolipids. The DNA G+C content of strain EGI 60015(T) was determined to be 66.6 mol%. The genomic DNA relatedness value between EGI 60015(T) and N. pentaromativorans US6-1(T) (54%) was below the 70% limit for species identification. Based on the result of the molecular studies supported by its morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic and other differentiating phenotypic characteristics, strain EGI 60015(T) was considered to represent a novel species within the genus Novosphingobium, for which the name Novosphingobium endophyticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EGI 60015(T) (=CGMCC 1.15095(T) = KCTC 42486(T) = DSM 29948(T)).


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza uralensis/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Sphingomonadaceae/genética , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(8): 2671-2677, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25964514

RESUMO

A novel endophytic actinomycete, designated strain EGI 60009T, was isolated from the roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis F. collected from Xinjiang Province, north-west China. The isolate was able to grow in the presence of 0-9% (w/v) NaCl. Strain EGI 60009T had particular morphological properties: the substrate mycelia fragmented into rod-like elements and aerial mycelia differentiated into short spore chains. ll-2, 6-Diaminopimelic acid was the cell-wall diamino acid and rhamnose, galactose and glucose were the cell-wall sugars. MK-9(H4) was the predominant menaquinone. The major fatty acids of strain EGI 60009T were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C17 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 and I/anteiso-C17 : 0 B. Mycolic acids were absent. The DNA G+C content of strain EGI 60009T was 70.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain EGI 60009T belongs to the family Jiangellaceae and formed a distinct clade in the phylogenetic tree. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain EGI 60009T and other members of the genera Jiangella and Haloactinopolyspora were 96.1-96.4 and 95.7-96.0%, respectively. Based on these results and supported by morphological, physiological and chemotaxonomic data and numerous phenotypic differences, a novel species of a new genus, Phytoactinopolyspora endophytica gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of Phytoactinopolyspora endophytica is EGI 60009T ( = KCTC 29657T = CPCC204078T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/classificação , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/microbiologia , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
PLoS One ; 10(4): e0125118, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25905458

RESUMO

Tree diameter at breast height (dbh) and height are the most important variables used in forest inventory and management as well as forest carbon-stock estimation. In order to identify the key stand variables that influence the tree height-dbh relationship and to develop and validate a suit of models for predicting tree height, data from 5961 tree samples aged from 6 years to 53 years and collected from 80 Chinese-fir plantation plots were used to fit 39 models, including 33 nonlinear models and 6 linear models, were developed and evaluated into two groups. The results showed that composite models performed better in height estimate than one-independent-variable models. Nonlinear composite Model 34 and linear composite Model 6 were recommended for predicting tree height in Chinese fir plantations with a dbh range between 4 cm and 40 cm when the dbh data for each tree and the quadratic mean dbh of the stand (Dq) and mean height of the stand (Hm) were available. Moreover, Hm could be estimated by using the formula Hm = 11.707 × l n(Dq)-18.032. Clearly, Dq was the primary stand variable that influenced the height-dbh relationship. The parameters of the models varied according to stand age and site. The inappropriate application of provincial or regional height-dbh models for predicting small tree height at local scale may result in larger uncertainties. The method and the recommended models developed in this study were statistically reliable for applications in growth and yield estimation for even-aged Chinese-fir plantation in Huitong and Changsha. The models could be extended to other regions and to other tree species only after verification in subtropical China.


Assuntos
Cunninghamia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biomassa , Carbono/análise , China , Agricultura Florestal , Modelos Teóricos
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