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1.
Blood Adv ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724510

RESUMO

Type I interferon (IFN-1) regulates gene expression and hematopoiesis both during development and in response to inflammatory stress. We previously showed that during development, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and multipotent progenitors (MPPs) induce IFN-1 target genes shortly before birth in mice. This coincides with the onset of a transition to adult hematopoiesis, and it drives expression of genes associated with antigen presentation. However, it is not clear whether perinatal IFN-1 modulates hematopoietic output, as has been observed in contexts of inflammation. We have characterized hematopoiesis at several different stages of blood formation, from HSCs to mature blood cells, and found that loss of the IFN-1 receptor (IFNAR1) leads to depletion of several phenotypic HSC and MPP subpopulations in neonatal and juvenile mice. Committed lymphoid and myeloid progenitor populations simultaneously expand. These changes had surprisingly little effect on production of more differentiated blood cells. Cellular Indexing of Transcriptomes and Epitopes by sequencing (CITE-seq) resolved the discrepancy between the extensive changes in progenitor numbers and modest changes in hematopoiesis, revealing stability in most MPP populations in Ifnar1-deficient neonates when the populations were identified based on gene expression rather than surface marker phenotype. Thus, basal IFN-1 signaling has only modest effects on hematopoiesis. Discordance between transcriptionally- and phenotypically-defined MPP populations may impact interpretations of how IFN-1 shapes hematopoiesis in other contexts, such as aging or inflammation.

2.
Curr Drug Metab ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cycloastragenol (CAG) is a sapogenin derived from the main bioactive constituents of Astragali Radix (AR). However, the current research on CAG metabolism in vivo and in vitro is still inadequate, and the metabolite cluster is incomplete due to incomplete analysis strategy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to screen and identify the metabolic behavior of CAG in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: A simple and rapid analysis strategy based on UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometry combined with data-mining processing technology was developed and used to screen and identify CAG metabolites in rat body fluids and tissues after oral administration. RESULTS: As a result, a total of 82 metabolites were fully or partially characterized based on their accurate mass, characteristic fragment ions, retention times, corresponding Clog P values, and so on. Among the metabolites, 61 were not reported in previous reports. These metabolites (6 metabolites in vitro and 91 in vivo) were generated through reactions of hydroxylation, glucuronidation, sulfation, hydrogenation, hydroxylation, demethylation, disopropylation, dehydroxylation, ring cleavage, and carboxyl substitution and their composite reactions, and the hydroxylation might be the main metabolic reaction of CAG. In addition, the characteristic fragmentation pathways of CAG were summarized for the subsequent metabolite identification. CONCLUSION: The current study not only clarifies the metabolite cluster-based and metabolic regularity of CAG in vivo and in vitro, but also provides ideas for metabolism of other saponin compounds.

3.
Se Pu ; 41(2): 187-194, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725715

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are an emerging class of porous crystalline materials composed of multidentate organic units connected by covalent bonds. COFs have been demonstrated to exhibit great potential and research value in many fields, including gas storage and separation, photoelectric devices, fluorescence sensors, catalysis, drug delivery, dye and pollutant adsorption, and electronic devices, and so on. The COFs obtained by post-synthesis modification tend to exhibit high crystallinities and porosities, thereby rendering them suitable materials for use in the fields of chiral resolution, asymmetric catalysis, and chromatography. In this work, TpPa-NO2 was synthesized from 1,3,5-tricarbaldehyde phloroglucinol and 2-nitro-1,4-phenylenediamine, which was then reduced to TpPa-NH2. Subsequently, this material was modified with D-glucose via a post-synthesis modification strategy to obtain the TpPa-NH2-Glu. TpPa-NH2-Glu were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis, etc. In the XRD pattern, the peaks observed at 4.7°ï¼Œ 8.1°ï¼Œ 11.1°ï¼Œ and 27° were attributed to the TpPa-NH2-Glu, and these peaks are consistent with previous reports, thereby confirming the successful synthesis of this derivative. In addition, circular dichroism experiments indicated that the TpPa-NH2-Glu exhibited a Cotton effect, further confirming the chiral COF was prepared. Subsequently, this material was immobilized on the surface of spherical silica gel particles via the net-wrapping method to prepare a stationary phase for high performance liquid chromatographic column. Using n-hexane-isopropanol (9∶1, v/v) or methanol-water (9∶1, v/v) as mobile phases at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min, 16 racemates and two benzene-based positional isomers (o,m,p-nitroaniline and o,m,p-Iodoaniline) were successfully resolved by this chiral column. In addition, under methanol-water (9∶1, v/v) mobile phase conditions, five racemates were separated, among which propranolol hydrochloride, warfarin, and metoprolol reached baseline separation. Furthermore, under n-hexane-isopropanol (9∶1, v/v) mobile phase conditions, 11 racemates were resolved, among which ethyl 2-bromopropionate and 3-butyn-2-ol reached baseline separation. Meanwhile, the effect of temperature on the TpPa-NH2-Glu liquid chromatography column and the repeatability of the TpPa-NH2-Glu liquid chromatography column were also explored. The HPLC column prepared by TpPa-NH2-Glu had good repeatability, and its relative standard deviation (RSD) was 1.55% and 1.46%, respectively. It is demonstrated that the TpPa-NH2-Glu material has good resolution ability for chiral compounds.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723209

RESUMO

At different reaction temperatures, using Cu(NO3)2·3H2O to react with enantiomerically pure N-donor ligands (LS/LR), respectively, two pairs of chiral one-dimensional (1D) CuII chain enantiomers formulated as [Cu(µ2-NO3)(NO3)(LS)]n/[Cu(µ2-NO3)(NO3)(LR)]n (S-1-Cu/R-1-Cu, formed at 40 °C with an NO3- group as a sole bridging ligand) and [Cu(µ2-LS)(NO3)2]n/[Cu(µ2-LR)(NO3)2]n (S-2-Cu/R-2-Cu, formed at 25 °C with LS or LR as a bridging ligand) were prepared, where LS/LR = (+)/(-)-4,5-pinenepyridyl-2-pyrazine. Interestingly, such a disparity in bridging ligands leads not only to their distinct structural features but also to their completely different magnetic couplings together with a large difference in their nonlinear optical responses. S-1-Cu with a 1D helical structure shows weak ferromagnetic coupling between CuII ions, while S-2-Cu with a 1D stairway-like structure presents weak antiferromagnetic coupling. In particular, they simultaneously possess both second- and third-harmonic generation (SHG and THG) responses in one molecule with large strength differences. More remarkably, S-1-Cu exhibits a very large THG response (162 × α-SiO2), which is 22.5 times that of S-2-Cu, and the SHG strength of S-1-Cu is more than 3 times that of S-2-Cu. This work demonstrates that reaction temperature has a great impact on the self-assembled structures of coordination polymers and subsequently results in their large performance differences.

5.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677792

RESUMO

Nitrogen-containing heterocycles are ubiquitous in natural products and drugs. Various organic small molecules with nitrogen-containing heterocycles, such as nitrogen-containing boron compounds, cyanine, pyridine derivatives, indole derivatives, quinoline derivatives, maleimide derivatives, etc., have unique biological features, which could be applied in various biological fields, including biological imaging. Fluorescence cell imaging is a significant and effective imaging modality in biological imaging. This review focuses on the synthesis and applications in direct fluorescence cell imaging of N-heterocyclic organic small molecules in the last five years, to provide useful information and enlightenment for researchers in this field.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Fluorescência , Nitrogênio , Compostos de Nitrogênio
6.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703533

RESUMO

Site-specific imaging of target genes using CRISPR probes is essential for understanding the molecular mechanisms of gene function and engineering tools to modulate its downstream pathways. Herein, we develop CRISPR/Cas9-mediated signal amplification by exchange reaction (CasSABER) for programmable in situ imaging of low and nonrepetitive regions of the target gene in the cell nucleus. The presynthesized primer-exchange reaction (PER) probe is able to hybridize multiple fluorophore-bearing imager strands to specifically light up dCas9/sgRNA target-bound gene loci, enabling in situ imaging of fixed cellular gene loci with high specificity and signal-to-noise ratio. In combination with a multiround branching strategy, we successfully detected nonrepetitive gene regions using a single sgRNA. As an intensity-codable and orthogonal probe system, CasSABER enables the adjustable amplification of local signals in fixed cells, resulting in the simultaneous visualization of multicopy and single-copy gene loci with similar fluorescence intensity. Owing to avoiding the complexity of controlling in situ mutistep enzymatic reactions, CasSABER shows good reliability, sensitivity, and ease of implementation, providing a rapid and cost-effective molecular toolkit for studying multigene interaction in fundamental research and gene diagnosis.

7.
Neural Netw ; 160: 175-191, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657331

RESUMO

Under the persistent excitation (PE) condition, the real dynamics of the nonlinear system can be obtained through the deterministic learning-based radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) control. However, in this scheme, the learning speed and accuracy are limited by the tradeoff between the PE levels and the approximation capabilities of the neural network (NN). Inspired by the frequency domain phase compensation of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems, this paper presents an adaptive phase compensator employing the pure time delay to improve the performance of the deterministic learning-based adaptive feedforward control with the reference input known a priori. When the adaptive phase compensation is applied to the hidden layer of the RBFNN, the nonlinear approximation capability of the RBFNN is effectively improved such that both the learning performance (learning speed and accuracy) and the control performance of the deterministic learning-based control scheme are improved. Theoretical analysis is conducted to prove the stability of the proposed learning control scheme for a class of systems which are affine in the control. Simulation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed phase compensation method.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 4122-4131, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642885

RESUMO

Visibly transparent radiative cooling (VTRC) shows great potential in energy-saving buildings or car glasses for lighting and cooling. How to balance the lighting and cooling performance is of significance to VTRC. In addition, the thermal radiative performance on the inner side should also be determined for cooling. Here, we designed a Janus VTRC coating consisting of a thermal emitter, PDMS, and a transparent near-infrared reflector, TiO2/Ag/TiO2. On the outer side, the visible transmittance T̅vis = 0.70, while the solar reflectance R̅solar = 0.40, and the thermal emittance in the atmospheric window ε̅LWIR = 0.94 can be achieved experimentally. On the inner side, the thermal emittance ε̅IR can be 0.90 or 0.01 depending on the substrate (glass or near-infrared reflector), which acts as the radiative conductor or barrier for energy saving in hot or cold internal situations. Compared with glass, the designed PDMS/NIR/glass achieves an average temperature drop of 14.6 °C experimentally. The energy-saving calculation based on seven cities in China shows that the VTRC coating can save 34-44% of the annual cooling energy consumption. This Janus visibly transparent radiative cooling technology with internal and external regulation provides a potential strategy for energy saving under the requirement of simultaneous lighting and cooling.

9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 133: 108533, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639067

RESUMO

Macrobrachium rosenbergii as one of the common freshwater prawn species in Southeast Asia, which breeding industry is seriously threatened by vibriosis and causes high mortality. In this study, the RNA-seq was employed for assessing the M. rosenbergii hemocytes transcriptomes following Vibrio parahaemolyticus challenge. After challenge for 6 h (h), there were overall 1849 DEGs or differentially expressed genes, including 1542 up-regulated and 307 down-regulated genes, and there was a total of 1048 DEGs, including 510 up-regulated genes and 538 down-regulated genes, after challenge for 12 h. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) immune-related pathways, Toll, immune deficiency (IMD), and Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) were among the immune pathways where a lot of the DEGs were connected. The expression patterns of 18 chosen immune-related genes were examined utilizing qRT-PCR or quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, which revealed that the V. parahaemolyticus infection activated the M. rosenbergii's immune response. Permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) showed that V. parahaemolyticus infection modulated immune regulation and apoptosis pathways. The gathered information provided new insight into M. rosenbergii's immunity and suggested a novel approach to fight against bacterial infection.

10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 3310621, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703913

RESUMO

Although accumulated evidence supports the notion that calpain contributes to eye disease, the mechanisms by which calpain promotes RPE injury are not defined. The present study is aimed at investigating whether the effect of NaIO3-exos (exosomes derived from RPE cells under NaIO3 stimulation) on the dysfunction of the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP) and apoptosis is based on its regulation of calpain activation in ARPE-19 cells and rats. The results showed that calpain-2 activation, ALP dysfunction, and apoptosis were induced by NaIO3-exos in ARPE-19 cells. NaIO3-exo significantly increased autophagic substrates by activating lysosomal dysfunction. ALP dysfunction and apoptosis in vitro could be eliminated by knocking down calpain-2 (si-C2) or the inhibitor calpain-2-IN-1. Further studies indicated that NaIO3-exo enhanced calpain-2 expression, ALP dysfunction, apoptosis, and retinal damage in rats. In summary, these results demonstrate for the first time that calpain-2 is one of the key players in the NaIO3-exo-mediated ALP dysfunction, apoptosis, and retinal damage and identify calpain-2 as a promising target for therapies aimed at age-related macular degeneration (AMD).


Assuntos
Apoptose , Autofagia , Calpaína , Exossomos , Animais , Ratos , Calpaína/metabolismo , Lisossomos , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 865: 161069, 2023 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584945

RESUMO

Formaldehyde (HCHO) plays an important role in atmospheric ozone (O3) formation. To accurately identify the sources of HCHO, carbonyls and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured at three urban sites (Taoyuan, TY-U; Jinyuan, JY-U; Xiaodian, XD-U) and a suburban site (Shanglan, SL-B) in Taiyuan during a high O3 period (from July 20 to August 3, 2020). The average mixing ratio of HCHO at XD-U (8.1 ± 2.8 ppbv) was comparable to those at TY-U (7.4 ± 2.1 ppbv) and JY-U (7.0 ± 2.3 ppbv) but higher (p < 0.01) than that at SL-B (4.9 ± 2.3 ppbv). HCHO contributed to 54.3-59.9 % of the total ozone formation potentials (OFPs) of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) at four sites. The diurnal variation of HCHO concentrations reached a peak value at 12:00-15:00, which may be attributed to the strong photochemical reaction. To obtain more accurate source results of HCHO under the condition of photochemical loss, the initial concentrations of NMHCs were estimated based on photochemical age parameterization and incorporated into the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model (termed IC-PMF). According to the IC-PMF results, secondary formation (SF) contributed the most to HCHO at XD-U (35.6 %) and SL-B (25.1 %), whereas solvent usage (SU) (40.9 %) and coking sources (CS) (36.0 %) were the major sources at TY-U and JY-U, respectively. Compared to the IC-PMF, the conventional PMF analysis based on the observed data underestimated the contributions of SU (100.5-154.2 %) and biogenic sources (BS) (28.5-324.7 %). Further reapportionment of secondary HCHO by multiple linear regression indicated that SU dominated the sources of HCHO at SL-B (28.3 %) and TY-U (41.7 %), while industrial emissions (IE) and CS contributed the most to XD-U (26.6 %) and JY-U (43.0 %) in Taiyuan from north to south, respectively.

13.
Pharm Biol ; 61(1): 1-11, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537316

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the main cause of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi (Fabaceae) has a positive effect on improving these diseases. OBJECTIVE: The P. lobata effect on the proliferation and inflammation of vascular smooth muscle in AS and the potential mechanism were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By feeding a high-fat diet to 8-week-old apolipoprotein E knockout mice, an atherosclerosis model was created. H&E and IHC staining were used to analyse the histopathology of mice. CCK-8, TUNEL, and scratch tests were used to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration after 24 h treatment, respectively. ELISA was performed to evaluate the level of IL-6 and IL-8. The target miRNA and its downstream target gene were screened by the bioinformatics method; RT-qPCR has conducted to analyse the expression of these genes. RESULTS: In the aortic tissue and serum of AS mice, puerarin can lower the expression of α-SMA and the inflammatory proteins IL-6 and IL-8. Puerarin (200 M) decreased hVSMC proliferation, migration, and IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by more than half. The inhibitory impact of puerarin on hVSMC was decreased by overexpression of miR-29b-3p. IGF1 was miR-29b-3p's downstream target gene. IGF1 expression increased almost 3-fold in AS mice and hVSMC, but miR-29b-3p mimic inhibited it. The effect of miR-29b-3p on hVSMC was reversed when IGF1 was overexpressed. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Puerarin inhibits the proliferation and inflammation of vascular smooth muscle in AS through the miR-29b-3p/IGF1 pathway. Puerarin may have a beneficial effect in the treatment of atherosclerosis and offer a novel therapy option.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , MicroRNAs , Pueraria , Camundongos , Animais , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , MicroRNAs/genética , Proliferação de Células , Inflamação
14.
Exp Neurol ; 359: 114269, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343680

RESUMO

Stroke patients are often complicated by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) after the restoration of cerebral perfusion, and how to prevent CIRI at an early stage has received close attention. The imbalance of iron metabolism is one of the essential factors in the aggravation of CIRI, and NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy, as a critical pathway to regulate iron metabolism, is expected to be an effective intervention target. We established a mouse model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CIR) with NCOA4 silencing. We found that activation of NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy atthe early stage of CIR mediated the onset of oxidative stress and contributed to autophagy and apoptosis, and eventually resulted in increased brain injury. This suggests that NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy plays a vital role in early CIR and can be an effective target to prevent and treat CIRI. We next explored the upstream regulatory targets of NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy. The previous evidence for the cGAS-STING pathway's importance during CIR and its strong relationship with autophagy attracted our attention. To investigate whether the cGAS-STING pathway regulates NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy, we further administered a cGAS inhibitor to mice with CIR and overexpressed NCOA4. Along with the inhibition of the cGAS-STING pathway, ferritinophagy, oxidative stress, autophagy, and apoptosis were inhibited, and CIRI was ameliorated, which was attenuated by NCOA4 overexpression. In conclusion, our results suggest that activation of the cGAS-STING pathway exacerbates CIRI at the early stage of CIR, which may be achieved by mediating NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Coativadores de Receptor Nuclear , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Camundongos , Autofagia , Ferro/metabolismo , Coativadores de Receptor Nuclear/genética , Coativadores de Receptor Nuclear/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ferritinas/metabolismo
15.
J Clin Anesth ; 85: 111039, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549034

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Tourniquet hypertension (TH) is thought to be caused by sympathetically mediated C-fibers in the femoral epicardium following prolonged intraoperative inflation of the tourniquet, and we hypothesized that blocking the femoral artery at the same time as a conventional femoral nerve block would reduce the incidence of TH. DESIGN: A prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room and hospital ward in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University. PATIENTS: A total of 72 patients receiving high tibial osteotomy under general anesthesia were recruited from June 2022 to September 2022. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a classical femoral nerve block (CFNB) or a modified femoral nerve block (MFNB). Patients in the CFNB group received a 30 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine femoral nerve block and patients in the MFNB group received a 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine femoral nerve block combined with a 10 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine femoral artery block. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome assessed was the incidence of TH. Data on intraoperative esmolol dosage, analgesic effect, complications and hemodynamics during surgery were also recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Incidence of TH was significantly higher in the CFNB group compared with the MFNB group (71.88% vs 31.25%, P = 0.002). The systolic blood pressure in the CFNB group was significantly higher than that in the MFNB group at 45, 60, 75 and 90 min after tourniquet inflation (P = 0.029, P = 0.020, P = 0.009, P = 0.007). There was also a significant increase in intraoperative esmolol dosage in the CFNB group (65.63 ± 44.15 vs 22.19 ± 33.74, P < 0.001). Postoperative pain scores and patient satisfaction were not statistically significant between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that modified femoral nerve block reduced intraoperative esmolol dosage and the incidence of TH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Bloqueio Nervoso , Humanos , Ropivacaina , Coxa da Perna , Nervo Femoral , Artéria Femoral , Estudos Prospectivos , Torniquetes/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle
16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 634: 949-962, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571857

RESUMO

In this study, the yttrium trifluoride-doped polyacrylonitrile(PAN) based carbon nanofibers (YF3-PAN-CNFs) are successfully designed and prepared through the electro-blow spinning and carbonization strategies. And the YF3-PAN-CNFs acted as main materials of functional layer for modifying separator of lithium metal batteries are systematically studied and analyzed. The prepared CNFs have long-range ordered structures and high conductivity, which can extremely improve the transport of lithium ions and electrons during charge-discharge processes. The lithiophilic YF3 nanoparticles formed in the carbonization process can endow enough active sites to produce alloying reaction with Li, which makes the plating/stripping of Li more uniform. For the assembled Li||lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) battery, it still maintains a high specific discharge capacity of 137.1 mAh g-1 after 500 cycles at 0.5 C, which there is almost no specific discharge capacity degradation after long cycle. The modified separator for the Li||Li symmetric battery can effectively suppress the growth of lithium dendrites and improve cycle stability. Meanwhile, based on the strong chemical bonding between YF3 and lithium polysulfide combining the effectively physical confinement of the YF3-PAN-CNFs coating layer, the "shuttle effect" of lithium polysulfide also can be greatly suppressed. Thus the assembled Li||S battery using the separator has excellent electrochemical performance. Therefore, the YF3-PAN-CNFs modified separator will have a promising application prospect in lithium metal batteries even other high performance secondary batteries.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 445: 130467, 2023 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495638

RESUMO

Lack systematic understanding of differences in environmental behavior of selenium between paddy and dryland soils affects Se biofortification and leads to human Se-related health risks. Therefore, this study investigated differences in Se concentration and bioavailability between paddy and dryland soils using data collected from literatures and field sampling. Our analysis showed paddy soil Se concentration in Se-rich area of China was significantly lower than that in dryland soil. Selenium biological concentration factor of rice grain (BCFgrain) in Se-rich area was lower than that in non-Se-rich area attributed to higher percentage of selenite in available Se. Concentration and percentage of available Se were in dryland soil lower than those in paddy soil and this affected BCFgrain of maize, whereas BCFgrain of rice was further influenced by its Se transport capacity. The ranges of Se concentration in Se-rich paddy (0.14-3.63 mg kg-1) and dryland (0.45-1.17 mg kg-1) soils were derived using a linear regression model. The current soil Se concentration evaluation standard was only suitable for dryland but overestimated Se-deficiency and Se-toxicity levels in paddy field. The present study provides theoretical foundations for understanding Se concentrations and bioavailability in soils and selecting efficient and safe approach on cultivated land use.


Assuntos
Oryza , Selênio , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Solo , Selênio/análise , Disponibilidade Biológica , Ácido Selenioso , China , Grão Comestível/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
18.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 78: 100145, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer was one of the most common malignancies around the world. It has great significance in to search for the mechanism of occurrence and development of lung cancer. LIM Domain Binding protein 2 (LDB2) belongs to the LIM-domain binding family, it can be used as a binding protein that combined with other transcription factors to form the transcription complex for regulating the expression of target genes. The expression of microRNA-96-5p (miR-96-5p) has been investigated in various tumors. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential role of LDB2 and miR-96-5p in lung cancer. METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was applied to detect the expression of LDB2 and miR-96-5p. The proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of H1299 cells were analyzed by CCK8, transwell, and wound healing assay after LDB2 or miR-96-5p transfection. Luciferase activities assay and western blot were used to reveal the targeted regulation between LDB2 and miR-96-5p. RESULTS: Here the authors found LDB2 was down-regulated in lung cancer tissues and negatively correlated with miR-96-5p expression, it could promote or inhibit the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of H1299 cells after LDB2 knockdown or overexpression and regulate the expression of cyclinD1, MMP9, Bcl-2, and Bax via ERK1/2 signaling pathway. Furthermore, miR-96-5p exerted its function by directly binding to 3'-UTR of LDB2 and regulating expression of LDB2. miR-96-5p could promote the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of H1299 cells. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that LDB2 can act as a new regulator to inhibit cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis via the ERK1/2 signaling pathway, and miR-96-5p may be a potential promising molecular by targeting LDB2 in lung cancer.

19.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458939

RESUMO

Hyperpatone A (1), a highly oxidated polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol (PPAP), along with a biosynthesized related PPAP (2) was isolated from Hypericum patulum under the guidance of LC-MS investigation. Architecturally, compound 1 represents the first PPAP with an unprecedented 8/6/5/6/5 pentacyclic skeleton and an intramolecular peroxy bridge, which might be derived from the [3.3.1]-type bicyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol via the critical Baeyer-Villiger oxidation, decarboxylation, and intramolecular cyclization. The structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis, ACD software calculation, and quantum chemical computations. A plausible biogenetic pathway of 1 and 2 was also proposed. Importantly, both compounds exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities against the HEL cell line with the IC50 values ranging from 10.2 to 19.2 µM. Moreover, compound 1 showed an inhibitory effect on NO production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells at a lower concentration of 5 or 1 µM.

20.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(11): 3520-3529, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant intestinal obstruction refers to intestinal obstruction caused by advanced primary tumors or secondary metastatic malignant tumors. Because surgical treatment cannot significantly improve the life cycle, non-surgical treatment is mostly used to improve the symptoms of intestinal obstruction; transanal intestinal obstruction catheter and transnasal intestinal obstruction catheter are palliative therapies for decompression and drainage. Transanal intestinal obstruction catheter is mostly used for rectal and left colon obstruction. Transnasal intestinal obstruction catheter is mostly used for small intestinal obstruction. The two catheters are generally used alone according to the site of obstruction and clinical manifestations, and there are few reports on the combined use of the two catheters. We try to use the two catheters to treat patients with complex conditions and explore a better treatment strategy for malignant intestinal obstruction. CASE DESCRIPTION: Retrospective analysis From January 2016 to April 2022, 14 patients with advanced cancer were diagnosed as malignant intestinal obstruction by imaging data and clinical manifestations. Under the premise of no improvement in the symptoms of placement of a catheter, nasal ileus catheter combined with transanal ileus catheter was used for common decompression and drainage. The efficacy of combined catheterization was evaluated by comparing the differences in imaging data before and after catheterization, as well as analyzing the degree of relief and prognosis of intestinal obstruction symptoms; of intestinal obstruction symptoms was completely relieved in 4 of 14 patients combined catheterization, and spontaneous defecation and exhaust could be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were significantly relieved in 3 patients, reexamination of image air-fluid level was reduced by more than 70%, abdominal distension and abdominal pain were significantly relieved, and intermittent defecation and exhaust could be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were relieved in 3 patients, reexamination of image air-fluid level was reduced by 20-50%, abdominal distension and abdominal pain were relieved, and defecation and exhaust could not be performed; intestinal obstruction symptoms were not relieved in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Combined application of transanal ileus catheter and transnasal ileus catheter decompression and drainage can be used as a palliative treatment to relieve the symptoms of malignant ileus.


Assuntos
Íleus , Obstrução Intestinal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/terapia , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/terapia , Cateteres , Dor Abdominal
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