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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(4): 197, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125533

RESUMO

A colorimetric immunosensor was developed for the determination of Salmonella Typhimurium using rotating magnetic separation, gold nanorod (GNR) indication, and click chemistry amplification. The target bacteria were first separated from large-volume sample using a rotating magnetic field and a small amount (50 µg) of immunomagnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), resulting in the forming of magnetic bacteria. Then, the magnetic bacteria were conjugated with catalase (CAT)-labeled antibodies, which were synthesized using trans-cyclooctene/1,2,4,5-tetrazine click chemistry reaction, resulting in the forming of enzymatic bacteria. Then the CATs on the enzymatic bacteria were used to decompose an excessive amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the remaining H2O2 was mixed with horseradish peroxidase to etch the GNRs, resulting in color change and absorbance peak shift of the GNRs. Finally, the peak shift was measured and analyzed for the quantitative determination of target bacteria. This immunosensor was able to detect Salmonella Typhimurium with a linear range of 101-105 CFU mL-1 in 3 h with a low detection limit of 35 CFU mL-1. The mean recovery for Salmonella Typhimurium in spiked chicken samples was 109%. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of a colorimetric immunosensor for the determination of Salmonella Typhimurium as low as 35 CFU mL-1 using rotating magnetic separation of Salmonella from a large-volume sample, click chemistry reaction of catalase with antibodies for signal amplification, and HRP-mediated gold nanorod etching for result indication.

2.
Poult Sci ; 99(3): 1606-1614, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111327

RESUMO

Salmonella screening is a key to ensure food safety in poultry supply chains. Currently available Salmonella detection methods including culture, polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay could not achieve rapid, sensitive, and in-field detection. In this study, different strategies for separation and detection of Salmonella were proposed, compared, and improved based on our previous studies on immunomagnetic separation and impedance biosensor. First, the coaxial capillary for immunomagnetic separation of target bacteria was improved with less contamination, and 3 strategies based on the improved capillary and immunomagnetic nanoparticles were compared to separate the target bacteria from sample and form the magnetic bacteria. The experimental results showed that the strategy of capture in tube and separation in capillary was the most suitable with separation efficiency of approximately 88%. Then, the immune gold nanoparticles coated with urease were used to label the magnetic bacteria, resulting in the formation of enzymatic bacteria, which were injected into the capillary. After the urea was catalyzed by the urease on the enzymatic bacteria in the capillary, different electrodes were compared to measure the impedance of the catalysate and the screen-printed electrode with higher sensitivity and better stability was the most suitable. This impedance biosensor-based bacterial detection strategy was able to detect Salmonella as low as 102 CFU/mL in 2 h without complex operations. Compared to the gold standard culture method for practical screening of Salmonella in poultry supply chains, this proposed strategy had an accuracy of approximately 90% for 75 real poultry samples.

4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 154: 112036, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056955

RESUMO

Biosensors contribute a lot to the reliable and sensitive detection in various fields, especially emerging trends of in-field and real-time detection for point-of-care diagnosis, food safety and environmental monitoring. The signal amplification that improves the analytical performance and the compact integration of various biosensing components with/in miniaturized and portable devices are essential but still challenging. Integrating the merits of bio-active proteins (enzyme, antibody, etc.) and nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanosheets, nanoflowers etc.) with abundant physicochemical properties, numerous protein-nanomaterial hybrids (PN hybrids) have been designed and applied for biosensing in recent years. PN hybrids can serve as not only sensitive probes for analyte recognition and signal generation/amplification thereby enhancing analytical performance, but also miniaturized and full-functional sensing components that are easily combined with other devices, greatly simplifying the construction and assay procedures. In this review, the state-of-art strategies of PN hybrids for biosensing are summarized from the view of the role of nanomaterial components, i.e. immobilization matrix, catalyst, and label. Recent advances for the emerging in-field detection applications of PN hybrids with the incorporation of portable hand-held readers and miniaturized devices are then surveyed. The features of PN hybrids for the construction of these miniaturized biosensors are focused. The integration and synergy between proteins and nanomaterials for biosensing is emphasized and discussed.

5.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of studies have demonstrated that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) undergo a phenotypic change termed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and researchers have proposed that EMT might provide CTCs with increased potential to survive in the different microenvironments encountered during metastasis through various ways, such as by increasing cell survival and early colonization. However, the exact role of EMT in CTCs remains unclear. METHODS: In this study, we identified CTCs of 41 patients with gastric cancer using Cyttel-CTC and im-FISH (immune-fluorescence in situ hybridization) methods, and tested the expression of EMT markers and ULBP1 (a major member of the NKG2D-natural killer [NK] group 2 member D-ligand family) on CTCs. Moreover, we investigated the relationship between the expression of EMT markers and ULBP1 on CTCs and gastric cancer cell lines. RESULTS: Our results showed that the CTCs of gastric cancer patients exhibited three EMT marker subtypes, and that the expression of ULBP1 was significantly lower on mesenchymal phenotypic CTCs (M+ CTCs) than on epithelial phenotypic CTCs (E+ CTCs). EMT induced by TGF-ß in vitro produced a similar phenomenon, and we therefore proposed that EMT might be involved in the immune evasion of CTCs from NK cells by altering the expression of ULBP1. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that EMT might play a vital role in the immune invasion of CTCs by regulating the expression of ULBP1 on CTCs. These findings could provide potential strategies for targeting the immune evasion capacity of CTCs.

6.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 15(2): 131-137, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907442

RESUMO

To date, effective control over the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to multicarbon products (C ≥ 2) has been very challenging. Here, we report a design principle for the creation of a selective yet robust catalytic interface for heterogeneous electrocatalysts in the reduction of CO2 to C2 oxygenates, demonstrated by rational tuning of an assembly of nitrogen-doped nanodiamonds and copper nanoparticles. The catalyst exhibits a Faradaic efficiency of ~63% towards C2 oxygenates at applied potentials of only -0.5 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode. Moreover, this catalyst shows an unprecedented persistent catalytic performance up to 120 h, with steady current and only 19% activity decay. Density functional theory calculations show that CO binding is strengthened at the copper/nanodiamond interface, suppressing CO desorption and promoting C2 production by lowering the apparent barrier for CO dimerization. The inherent compositional and electronic tunability of the catalyst assembly offers an unrivalled degree of control over the catalytic interface, and thereby the reaction energetics and kinetics.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 541, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992713

RESUMO

The fast development of high-resolution electron microscopy (EM) demands a background-noise-free substrate to support the specimens, where atomically thin graphene membranes can serve as an ideal candidate. Yet the preparation of robust and ultraclean graphene EM grids remains challenging. Here we present a polymer- and transfer-free direct-etching method for batch fabrication of robust ultraclean graphene grids through membrane tension modulation. Loading samples on such graphene grids enables the detection of single metal atoms and atomic-resolution imaging of the iron core of ferritin molecules at both room- and cryo-temperature. The same kind of hydrophilic graphene grid allows the formation of ultrathin vitrified ice layer embedded most protein particles at the graphene-water interface, which facilitates cryo-EM 3D reconstruction of archaea 20S proteasomes at a record high resolution of ~2.36 Å. Our results demonstrate the significant improvements in image quality using the graphene grids and expand the scope of EM imaging.


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Microscopia Eletrônica/instrumentação , Microscopia Eletrônica/métodos , Fenômenos Químicos , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Elétrons , Desenho de Equipamento , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Membranas , Polímeros , Proteínas
8.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 150: 110585, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711683

RESUMO

Current ecological risk assessment and controlling element identification methods of harmful algal blooms (HABs) are not connected. Here, we identified the controlling elements by correlation and principal component analyses, and the analytic hierarchy process. A compound eutrophication index (CEI) integrating risk assessment with controlling element identification was constructed and verified using data collected from Jiaozhou Bay, China. The CEI results agreed with the chlorophyll-a concentration and the main eutrophication assessment results. The HAB risk assessment of the CEI was more efficient than that of the nutrient quality index and Assessment of Estuarine Trophic Status. The contribution ratio of the loads and concentrations of nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and chemical oxygen demand) to HABs in Jiaozhou Bay was 70%. In the high-risk areas, the contribution ratio of nutrients to HABs was 77%. Therefore, terrestrial nutrient inputs must be reduced to prevent and control HABs in the north-eastern areas of Jiaozhou Bay.

9.
Anal Chem ; 92(2): 1818-1825, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738533

RESUMO

Nanochannels hold great prospects in intelligent systems; however, current research focuses on the inner space of the nanochannel while the outer surface is rarely explored. Here, we report on a cooperation mode of the outer surface and inner space of the nanochannel using an integrated nanochannel-electrode (INCE) and its application as a separation-detection system for rapid and facile detection of foodborne bacteria. Unlike conventional nanochannel systems, the INCE integrates two electrodes as a sensitive electrochemical interface and the nanochannel itself as nanofilter, generating a novel separation-detection system. The system is examined in a biosensing strategy based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Salmonella typhimurium (St) is taken as the target due to its severe threat to human health and food safety. By electrochemically probing the MNPs-St complex themselves on the surface of INCE, this method eliminates the requirement on additional signal labels. The biosensor presents a linear detection range from 102 to 107 CFU mL-1 and a limit of detection of 50 CFU mL-1, being comparable or even better than those of analogues with complicated signal amplification designs. Moreover, the biosensor exhibits good specificity against four types of interfering bacteria. This concept may bring new insight into the development of nanochannel research and contribute a new way to the fields of separation and detection.

10.
Environ Pollut ; 258: 113667, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810718

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) is among contaminants of public concern due to its prevalent existence, high toxicity, and bioaccumulation through food chains. Elevated Hg has been detected in seafood from the East China Sea (ECS), which is one of the largest marginal seas and an important fishing region in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on the distribution of Hg species and their controlling factors in the ECS water column, thus preventing the understanding of Hg cycling and the assessment of Hg risks in the ECS. In this study, two cruises were conducted in October 2014 and June 2015 in order to investigate the distribution of total Hg (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) and their controlling factors in the ECS. The concentrations of THg and MeHg were determined to be 4.2 ± 2.8 ng/L (THg) and 0.25 ± 0.13 ng/L (MeHg) in water from the ECS. The level of Hg in the ECS occupied the higher rank among the marginal seas, thus indicating significant Hg contamination in this system. Both the THg and MeHg presented complicated spatial distribution patterns in the ECS, with high concentration areas located in both the nearshore and offshore areas. Statistical analyses suggest that temperature (T) and Hg in sediment may be the controlling factors for THg distribution, while dissolved organic matter (DOM), T, and MeHg in the sediment may be the controlling factors for MeHg distribution in the seawater of the ECS. The relative importance of these environmental factors in Hg distribution depends on the water depth. T-salinity (S) diagram analyses showed that water mass mixing may also play an important role in controlling THg and MeHg distribution in the coastal ECS.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843912

RESUMO

Kirigami (cutting and/or folding) offers a promising strategy to reconfigure metamaterials. Conventionally, kirigami metamaterials are often composed of passive cut unit cells to be reconfigured under mechanical forces. The constituent stimuli-responsive materials in active kirigami metamaterials instead will enable potential mechanical properties and functionality, arising from the active control of cut unit cells. However, the planar features of hinges in conventional kirigami structures significantly constrain the degrees of freedom (DOFs) in both deformation and actuation of the cut units. To release both constraints, here, we demonstrate a universal design of implementing folds to reconstruct sole-cuts-based metamaterials. We show that the supplemented folds not only enrich the structural reconfiguration beyond sole cuts but also enable more DOFs in actuating the kirigami metasheets into 3 dimensions (3D) in response to environmental temperature. Utilizing the multi-DOF in deformation of unit cells, we demonstrate that planar metasheets with the same cut design can self-fold into programmable 3D kirigami metastructures with distinct mechanical properties. Last, we demonstrate potential applications of programmable kirigami machines and easy-turning soft robots.

12.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-3, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845609

RESUMO

Hydrocephalus may cause Parinaud's syndrome which consists of vertical gaze palsy, convergence palsy, lid retraction and pupil light-near dissociation. We are aware of only two prior reports of hydrocephalus presenting with bilateral ptosis. Both were cured by ventriculoperitoneal shunts. We report a 28-month-old girl who presented acute bilateral ptosis but full eye movements both sides. Neuroimages revealed chronic hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis. The bilateral ptosis resolved quickly after endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV).

13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 757, 2019 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707541

RESUMO

A disposable visual microfluidic immunosensor is described for the determination of foodborne pathogens using immunomagnetic separation, enzymatic catalysis and distance indication. Specifically, a sensor was designed to detect Salmonella typhimurium as a model pathogen. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were modified with the anti-Salmonella monoclonal antibodies and then used to enrich S. typhimurium from the sample. This is followed by conjugation to polystyrene microspheres modified with anti-Salmonella polyclonal antibodies and catalase to form the MNP-bacteria-polystyrene-catalase sandwich. The catalase on the complexes catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to produce oxygen after passing a micromixer. The generated oxygen gas increases the pressure in the chip and pushes the indicating red dye solution to travel along the channel towards the unsealed outlet. The travel distance of the red dye can be visually read and related to the amount of S. typhimurium using the calibration scale. The sensor can detect as low as 150 CFU·mL-1 within 2 h. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the distance-based microfluidic immunosensor for visual detection of foodborne bacteria using immunomagnetic nanoparticles for bacteria separation, catalase for decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to form oxygen which causes a pressure increase, and red dyed particles movement for distance indication.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(50): 47311-47319, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742992

RESUMO

Inspired by blood coagulation and mussel adhesion, we report novel adhesive fibrin-bone@polydopamine (PDA)-shell composite matrix as highly efficient immobilization platform for biomacromolecules and nanomaterials. Fibrin, as a bioglue, and PDA, as a chemical adhesive, are integrated in a one-pot simultaneous polymerization consisting of biopolymerization of fibrinogen and chemical polymerization of dopamine. Fibrin fibers act as adhesive bones to construct scaffold, while PDA coat on the scaffold to form adhesive shell, generating 3D porous composite matrix with unique bone@shell structure. Two types of enzymes (glucose oxidase and acetylcholinesterase) and Au nanoparticles were adopted as respective model biomolecules and nanomaterials to investigate the immobilization capability of the matrix. The bionanocomposites showed high efficiency in capturing nanoparticles and enzymes, as well as significant mass-transfer and biocatalysis efficiencies. Therefore, the bionanocomposites exhibited significant potential in biosensing of glucose and paraoxon with limits of detection down to 5.2 µM and 4 ppt, respectively. The biological-chemical-combined polymerization strategy and composite platform with high immobilization capacity and mass-transfer efficiency open up a novel way for the preparation of high-performance bionanocomposites for various applications, in particular, biosensing.

15.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2062, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611830

RESUMO

Family factors including parental emotion dysregulation and harsh parenting practices place children at high risk for malfunctioning in emotion regulation, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behaviors. This study investigated the associations among parental emotion dysregulation, harsh parenting practices (i.e., emotional abuse and corporal punishment), and child emotion regulation and child oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms and co-occurring depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviors. Participants included 239 parent-child dyads from 14 primary schools in Mainland China. All children were diagnosed with ODD. Parental emotion dysregulation, harsh parenting practices, and child emotion regulation were reported by parents; child ODD symptoms were reported by parents and teachers; child depressive symptoms were reported by children; and child aggressive behaviors were reported by teachers. Data indicated that parental emotion dysregulation was related to child ODD symptoms in the home and depressive symptoms indirectly through harsh parenting practices and child emotion regulation. Harsh parenting practices were related to child ODD symptoms in the home directly and indirectly through child emotion regulation. Moreover, emotional abuse was associated with child depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through child emotion regulation. Our findings highlighted the need for prevention and intervention targeting parent emotion dysregulation and harsh parenting practices among children with ODD.

16.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 145: 480-489, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590814

RESUMO

Marine monitoring in Bohai Sea is delivered within three networks by lacking appropriate sampling and assessment methodologies. Water-quality response grid (WRG)-based sampling design using optimization and multi-factors assessment can reliably detect a variety of environmental impacts. Which includes 5 steps: selects environmental reference factors, divides the sampling grid, sets the initial stations, optimizes the sampling stations, and assesses the proposed network's reproducibility and efficiency. We applied this method to the Bohai Sea, the networks proposed here have 225 stations for optimized special surveys (OSS) and 181 stations for optimized operational monitoring (OOM), accounting for 46.5% and 37.4% of the original station totals, respectively. Besides, the reproducibility and efficiency index (REI) of OSS and OOM stations approximately 15.4% and 13.3% higher than three current monitoring networks on average among multi-factors in 4 seasons. Thus, the method can improve the reproducibility, efficiency and land-sea spatial matching of monitoring network.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Qualidade da Água , China , Meio Ambiente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estações do Ano
17.
Microorganisms ; 7(10)2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614953

RESUMO

: The study was to establish a predictive model for reduction and cross-contamination of Salmonella on chicken in chilling process. Reduction of Salmonella on chicken was 0.75 ± 0.04, 0.74 ± 0.08, and 0.79 ± 0.07 log CFU/g with 20, 50, and 100 mg/L of chlorine, respectively. No significant differences of bacterial reductions with 20-100 mg/L of chlorine were found and a Normal (-0.75, 0.1) distribution could describe the uncertainty of bacterial reductions. Inoculated and non-inoculated chicken samples were washed together and bacterial transfer rates among them were 0.13%-0.004% with 20-100 mg/L of chlorine. No significant differences of transfer rates with 50-100 mg/L of chlorine were observed and a Triangle (-2.5, -1.5, -1.1) distribution could describe the log transfer rate. Additionally, a 3-factor response surface model based on the central composite design was developed to evaluate the effects of initial contamination level (1-5 log CFU/g), pre-chill incidence (3%-40%) and chlorine concentration (0-100 mg/L) on post-chill incidence. The post-chill incidences in these treatments were within 30%-91.7%. The developed model showed a satisfactory performance to predict the post-chill incidence as evidenced by statistical indices (pseudo-R2 = 0.9; p < 0.0001; RMSE = 0.21) and external validation parameters (Bf = 1.02; Af = 1.11).

18.
Plant Physiol ; 181(3): 1114-1126, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530628

RESUMO

SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) complex formation is necessary for intracellular membrane fusion and thus has a key role in processes such as secretion. However, little is known about the regulatory factors that bind to Qa-SNAREs, which are also known as syntaxins (SYPs) in plants. Here, we characterized Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Tomosyn protein (AtTMS) and demonstrated that it is a conserved regulator of SYPs in plants. AtTMS binds strongly via its R-SNARE motif-containing C terminus to the Qa domain of PM-resident, pollen-expressed SYP1s (SYP111, SYP124, SYP125, SYP131, and SYP132), which were narrowed down from 12 SYPs. AtTMS is highly expressed in pollen from the bicellular stage onwards, and overexpression of AtTMS under the control of the UBIQUITIN10, MSP1, or LAT52 promoter all resulted in defective pollen after the microspore stage in which secretion was inhibited, leading to the failure of intine deposition and cell plate formation during pollen mitosis I. In tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana) leaf epidermal cells, overexpression of AtTMS inhibited the secretion of secreted GFP. The defects were rescued by mCherry-tagged SYP124, SYP125, SYP131, or SYP132. In vivo, SYP132 partially rescued the pMSP1:AtTMS phenotype. In addition, AtTMS, lacking a transmembrane domain, was recruited to the plasma membrane by SYP124, SYP125, SYP131, and SYP132 and competed with Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein721/722 for binding to, for example, SYP132. Together, our results demonstrated that AtTMS might serve as a negative regulator of secretion, whereby active secretion might be fine-tuned during pollen development.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 141: 207-217, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479673

RESUMO

The pectin (CEP) was used as matrix material to prepare Ag@AgCl/ZnO nanocomposites with a green method for photocatalytic antibacterial activity in visible-light. Briefly, Ag@AgCl plasmonic hybrids were prepared in the CEP macromolecule matrix with size control, which was attributed to the stability of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups on the CEP. Subsequently, an effective and green two-steps approach was explored for the fabrication of CEP-Ag@AgCl/ZnO nanocomposites with resource saving and environment friendly. Interestingly, more Ag+ was converted into metallic Ag in the CEP-Ag@AgCl/ZnO than that in the CEP-Ag@AgCl. This phenomenon was attributed that the reducibility of free hemiacetal hydroxyl groups on CEP was realized with the help of NaOH in the preparation of CEP-ZnO. In addition, the CEP chains were not obviously destroyed except for the change in the crystallinity after the preparation of the CEP-Ag@AgCl/ZnO nanocomposites, indicating that the method was non-destructive. Moreover, the pH triggered release of Zn2+ and low release of Ag+ in CEP-Ag@AgCl/ZnO nanocomposites with excellent photocatalytic antibacterial activity were confirmed in this work. The proposed green process provides a new idea for the large-scale production of antibacterial pectin-based nanocomposites in industry with a low-cost.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(7): 456, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214778

RESUMO

A self-sacrificing catalytic method is described for the preparation of magnetic core/dual-functional-shell nanocomposites composed of magnetite, gold and Prussian blue (type Fe3O4@Au-PB). Two reaction pathways are integrated. The first involves chemical dissolution of Fe3O4 (the self-sacrificing step) by acid to release ferrous ions which then reacts with hexacyanoferrate(IV) to generate PB in the proximity of the magntic nanoparticles (MNPs). The second involves the reduction of tetrachloroaurate by hydroxylamine to generate gold under the catalytic effect of the MNPs. At the end, the MNP@Au-PB nanocomposite is formed. This method exploits both the chemical reactivity and catalytic effect of the MNPs in a single step. The multi-function material was applied (a) in an optical assay for H2O2; (b) in an amperometric assay for H2O2; (c) in an enzymatic choline assay using immobilized choline oxidase. The limit of electrochemical detection of H2O2 (at a potential as low as 50 mV) is 1.1 µM which is comparable or better than most analogous methods. The sensors display superior performance compared to the use of conventional core@single-shell (MNP@Au-PB) nanomaterials. Graphical abstract A self-sacrificing catalytic method is described to prepare magnetic core/dual-functional-shell nanocomposites composed of magnetic nanoparticle, gold and Prussian blue (type MNP@Au-PB). The nanocomposites worded well as candidates to develop colorimetric and electrochemical sensors of H2O2 with superior performance to analogues.

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