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1.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126691, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017090

RESUMO

This study analyzed the role of algae and bacteria in algal-bacterial symbiotic systems for the treatment of dyeing wastewater. The mechanism was investigated by constructing an algae-bacteria tandem system (A system) and a bacteria-algae tandem system (B system). The results showed that the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and decolorization rates of A system reached 91% and 90%, respectively, under optimal conditions, which were higher than that of B system. The degradation pathways of A and B systems differed according the degradation product analysis. High-throughput sequencing analysis revealed that Proteobacteria were the dominant bacteria in A and B systems. Armatimonadetes increased considerably in A system. These results show that algae mainly contributed to the preliminary degradation of anthraquinone dye, and resulting products were easily degraded by bacteria. This study provides guidance on the optimization of the system. It can be better adapted to the actual needs of wastewater treatment plants.

2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 460, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013452

RESUMO

Owing to its great threat to human health and environment, Pb2+ pollution has been recognized as a major public problem by the World Health Organization (WHO). Many DNA aptamers have been utilized in the development of Pb2+-detection sensors, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we report three Pb2+-complexed structures of the thrombin binding aptamer (TBA). These high-resolution crystal structures showed that TBA forms intramolecular G-quadruplex and Pb2+ is bound by the two G-tetrads in the center. Compared to K+-stabilized G-quadruplexes, the coordinating distance between Pb2+ and the G-tetrads are much shorter. The T3T4 and T12T13 linkers play important roles in dimerization and crystallization of TBA, but they are changeable for Pb2+-binding. In combination with mutagenesis and CD spectra, the G8C mutant structure unraveled that the T7G8T9 linker of TBA is also variable. In addition to expansion of the Pb2+-binding aptamer sequences, our study also set up one great example for quick and rational development of other aptamers with similar or optimized binding activity.

3.
Food Funct ; 13(1): 386-397, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908089

RESUMO

Non-covalent complexes (SPIF/SSPS) of soy protein isolate fibrils (SPIF) and soy soluble polysaccharides (SSPS) were fabricated and used to stabilize oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions. FT-IR spectroscopy and zeta potential results demonstrated that the interactions between SPIF and SSPS mainly include hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions. The presence of SSPS decreased the particle size and surface hydrophobicity of SPIF, resulting in a decrease and redshift of the fluorescence intensity. During the interfacial adsorption process, SPIF/SSPS complexes had lower diffusion and penetration rates compared with pure SPIF because of their hydrophilic region, but the molecular reorganization rate increased. Emulsions stabilized with the SPIF/SSPS complex at 5 : 5 (i.e., 1 : 1) ratio had both an excellent emulsifying activity index (EAI) of 26.17 m2 g-1 and an excellent emulsifying stability index (ESI) of 93.01%, as well as the smallest emulsion droplet particle size of 1.74 µm. Meanwhile, no flocculation was observed in this emulsion which is attributed to the sufficient steric stabilization provided by the hydrophilic SSPS. After three weeks of storage, there was no phase separation observed in the emulsions stabilized by SPIF/SSPS complexes in 5 : 4 and 5 : 5 ratios and the Turbiscan stability indices were 17.86 and 15.14, respectively, much lower than the other emulsion formulations tested.

4.
Zool Res ; 43(1): 52-63, 2022 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821086

RESUMO

The ability to sense temperature changes is crucial for mammalian survival. Mammalian thermal sensing is primarily carried out by thermosensitive transient receptor potential channels (Thermo-TRPs). Some mammals hibernate to survive cold winter conditions, during which time their body temperature fluctuates dramatically. However, the underlying mechanisms by which these mammals regulate thermal responses remain unclear. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and the Western blotting, we found that Myotis ricketti bats had high levels of heat-activated TRPs (e.g., TRPV1 and TRPV4) during torpor in winter and cold-activated TRPs (e.g., TRPM8 and TRPC5) during active states in summer. We also found that laboratory mice had high mRNA levels of cold-activated TRPs (e.g., Trpm8 and Trpc5) under relatively hot conditions (i.e., 40 °C). These data suggest that small mammals up-regulate the expression of cold-activated TRPs even under warm or hot conditions. Binding site analysis showed that some homeobox (HOX) transcription factors (TFs) regulate the expression of hot- and cold-activated TRP genes and that some TFs of the Pit-Oct-Unc (POU) family regulate warm-sensitive and cold-activated TRP genes. The dual-luciferase reporter assay results demonstrated that TFs HOXA9, POU3F1, and POU5F1 regulate TRPC5 expression, suggesting that Thermo-TRP genes are regulated by multiple TFs of the HOX and POU families at different levels. This study provides insights into the adaptive mechanisms underlying thermal sensing used by bats to survive hibernation.


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Temperatura Alta , Estações do Ano , Canais de Cátion TRPC , Animais , Quirópteros/genética , Feminino , Hibernação/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Canais de Cátion TRPC/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150414, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583068

RESUMO

Food waste production is increasing rapidly and becoming a global concern. In areas with small production volumes and scattered production sources, the use of biochemical processors can be a beneficial supplement to the centralized treatment method for the in-situ treatment of wastes to effectively improve the efficiency of resource utilization. China is an important case study for this global issue; however, the implementation and outcomes of this process are not clear in China. In this study, field investigation and laboratory analysis were carried out on 14 biochemical processors in four representative regions of the Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces. The results showed that biochemical processors mostly used high-temperature aerobic fermentation, accounting for more than 80% of the commonly used procedures. The fermentation period was relatively short and ranged from 48 h to 10 days. Only 21.4% of devices were equipped with relatively complete secondary pollution-control units, which introduced the risk of secondary pollution during operation. The fermentation products exhibited common characteristics of acidity, high salt levels, and low maturity, rendering them unsuitable for agricultural use directly prior to an additional secondary fermentation process. Therefore, it is necessary to unify the design standards of biochemical processors and develop acid-resistant thermophilic microbial inoculants to increase fermentation efficiency. Thus, this study has significant implications in regulating food waste and serves as a theoretical and practical reference point to promote its in-situ treatment.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Agricultura , China , Fermentação
6.
PLoS Pathog ; 17(12): e1010113, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871328

RESUMO

Emerging coronaviruses (CoVs) pose a severe threat to human and animal health worldwide. To identify host factors required for CoV infection, we used α-CoV transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) as a model for genome-scale CRISPR knockout (KO) screening. Transmembrane protein 41B (TMEM41B) was found to be a bona fide host factor involved in infection by CoV and three additional virus families. We found that TMEM41B is critical for the internalization and early-stage replication of TGEV. Notably, our results also showed that cells lacking TMEM41B are unable to form the double-membrane vesicles necessary for TGEV replication, indicating that TMEM41B contributes to the formation of CoV replication organelles. Lastly, our data from a mouse infection model showed that the KO of this factor can strongly inhibit viral infection and delay the progression of a CoV disease. Our study revealed that targeting TMEM41B is a highly promising approach for the development of broad-spectrum anti-viral therapeutics.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860489

RESUMO

Utilizing spermatozoa as the engine unit of robotic systems at a microscale has brought revolutionized inspirations and strategies to the biomedical community. However, the motility of sperms is impaired by the surrounding threats. For example, the antisperm antibody (AsA) can specifically bind with surface antigens on the sperm membrane and adversely affect their propulsion, hindering the operation of sperm-based microrobots in practical environments. In the present work, we report a biohybrid sperm microrobot by encapsulating sperm cells within metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanoparticles (NPs) (ZIFSpermbot), capable of active drug delivery and cytoprotection from the biological threats of AsA. ZIF-8 NPs can be facilely coated on the sperm membrane through complexation with tannic acid. Such cell surface engineering has a negligible impact on sperm motility under optimized conditions. The selective permeability of the resulting porous ZIF-8 wrappings protects ZIFSpermbots from the specific binding of AsA, enabling the preservation of intrinsic propulsion of the sperm engine. Besides, ZIF-8 wrappings sustainably release zinc ions and attenuate the oxidative damage generated in sperm cells, allowing the maintenance of sperm movement. Combining the effective protection of sperm propulsion with the drug-loading capacity of ZIF-8 NPs provides new applicability to ZIFSpermbots in risky surroundings with AsA, exhibiting rapid migration in a microfluidic device for active drug delivery with enhanced therapeutic efficacy due to their retained effective propulsion. Imparting bioengine-based microrobots with multifunctional wrappings holds great promise for designing adaptive cell robots that endure harsh environments toward locally extended and diverse operations, facilitating their use in practical and clinical applications.

8.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 154: 109958, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34891103

RESUMO

Cis-3-Hydroxypipecolic acid (cis-3-HyPip) is an important intermediate for the synthesis of GE81112 tetrapeptides, a small family of unusual nonribosomal peptide congeners with potent inhibitory activity against prokaryotic translation initiation. In this study, we constructed a microbial cell factory that can convert L-lysine into cis-3-hydroxypipecolic acid (cis-3-HyPip). Lysine cyclodeaminase SpLCD and Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate (2-OG)-based oxygenase GetF were co-expressed in Escherichia coli. Plasmids with different copy numbers were used to balance the expression of these two enzymes, and the cell with the most appropriate balance of this kind for carrying plasmid pET-duet-getf-splcd was obtained. After determining the temperature (30 °C), pH (7.0), cell biomass, substrate concentration, Fe2+ concentration (10 mM), L-ascorbate concentration (10 mM), and TritonX-100 concentration (0.1% w/v) that were optimal for whole-cell catalysis, the yield of cis-3-HyPip reached as high as 25 mM (3.63 g/L).

9.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 5590479, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912460

RESUMO

Animal models play an important role in preclinical studies, especially in tissue engineering scaffolds for cartilage repair, which require large animal models to verify the safety and effectiveness for clinical use. The small ruminant models are most widely used in this field than other large animals because they are cost-effective, easy to raise, not to mention the fact that the aforementioned animal presents similar anatomical features to that of humans. This review discusses the experimental study of tissue engineering scaffolds for knee articular cartilage regeneration in small ruminant models. Firstly, the selection of these scaffold materials and the preparation process in vitro that have been already used in vivo are briefly reviewed. Moreover, the major factors influencing the rational design and the implementation as well as advantages and limitations of small ruminants are also demonstrated. As regards methodology, this paper applies principles and methods followed by most researchers in the process of experimental design and operation of this kind. By summarizing and comparing different therapeutic concepts, this paper offers suggestions aiming to increase the effectiveness of preclinical research using small ruminant models and improve the process of developing corresponding therapies.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963279

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) covalent-organic frameworks (COFs) offer abundant hollow sites for stably anchoring transition-metal (TM) atoms to promote single-atom catalysis (SACs), which is expected to overcome the poor stability of SACs on conventional substrate materials. Using first-principles calculations within density-functional theory, a number of TM atoms embedded on a 2D COF Pc-TFPN (TMPc-TFPN) as SACs for ammonia synthesis under ambient conditions are investigated. Through a "five-step" screening strategy, WPc-TFPN is highlighted from 26 TMPc-TFPNs as the best SACs for nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) with a low limiting potential of -0.19 V. Meanwhile, multiple-level descriptors are developed to uncover the origins of NRR activity, among which a simple descriptor φ that involves the electronegativity and number of d electrons of TM atoms shows volcano plot trends of limiting potential of NRR. This work provides a rational strategy for fast screening SACs for the electrochemical N2 fixation using 2D COFs containing TM-N4 units as host materials, which could also be applied to other electrochemical reactions.

11.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904395

RESUMO

Low virulence and strong immunogenicity are quite important for Newcastle disease virus (NDV) producing Newcastle disease (ND) living-attenuated vaccine. However, immunogenicity of NDV positively correlates to its virulence. Usually, the velogenic NDV induces stronger immune responses of poultry than the lentogenic strain, but virulent NDV poses a risk for chicken. In this study, we identified the chicken interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene 12-2 (ISG12(2)) not only attenuated NDV, but also increased immunogenicity of ND vaccine strain. Firstly, we found that NDV infection or IFNs stimulation induced expression of chicken ISG12(2) that reinforced expression of IFNs. Overexpression or knockdown proved that chicken ISG12(2) inhibited NDV replication. Then, recombinant NDV LaSota strains (rLaSota/Fmut/ISG12(2) and rLaSota/ISG12(2)), expressing ISG12(2), were rescued. Pathogenicity tests showed that ISG12(2) expression attenuated NDV. RNA-seq or RT-qPCR demonstrated that, comparing to rLaSota/Fmut and rLaSota, rLaSota/Fmut/ISG12(2) and rLaSota/ISG12(2) induced hosts to produce cytokines enriching in innate and adaptive immune pathways in vitro and in vivo. Finally, we showed that rLaSota/ISG12(2) vaccination improved immune condition of chicken to quickly response NDV infection and then enhance protection. These results suggest that chicken ISG12(2) is a potential novel molecular adjuvant to regulate immune responses, which decrease virulence and increase immunogenicity of NDV. The chicken ISG12(2) may contribute to development of high efficient poultry vaccine. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 755692, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900958

RESUMO

IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerular disease in the world and has become a serious threat to human health. Accurate and non-invasive molecular imaging to detect and recognize the IgA nephropathy is critical for the subsequent timely treatment; otherwise, it may progress to end-stage renal disease and lead to glomerular dysfunction. In this study, we have developed a sensitive, specific, and biocompatible integrin αvß3-targeted superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) for the noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of integrin αvß3, which is overexpressed in glomerular mesangial region of IgA nephropathy. The rat model of IgA nephropathy was successfully established and verified by biochemical tests and histological staining. Meanwhile, the clinical 18F-AlF-NOTA-PRGD2 probe molecule was utilized to visualize and further confirmed the IgA nephropathy in vivo via positron emission computed tomography. Subsequently, the Fe3O4 NPs were conjugated with arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) molecules (Fe3O4-RGD), and their integrin αvß3-targeted T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) potential has been carefully evaluated. The Fe3O4-RGD demonstrated great relaxation in vivo. The T2WI signal of renal layers in the targeted group at 3 h after intravenous injection of Fe3O4-RGD was distinctly lower than baseline, indicating MRI signal decreased in the established IgA nephropathy rat model. Moreover, the TEM characterization and Prussian blue staining confirmed that the Fe3O4-RGD was located at the region of glomerulus and tubular interstitium. Moreover, no obvious signal decreased was detected in the untargeted Fe3O4 treated and normal groups. Collectively, our results establish the possibility of Fe3O4-RGD serving as a feasible MRI agent for the noninvasive diagnosis of IgA nephropathy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839012

RESUMO

Sex reversal, representing an extraordinary sexual plasticity during the life cycle, not only triggers reproduction in animals but also affects reproductive and endocrine system-related diseases and cancers in humans. Sex reversal has been broadly reported in animals, however, an integrated resource hub of sex reversal information is still lacking. Here, we constructed a comprehensive database named ASER (Animal Sex Reversal) by integrating sex reversal-related data of 18 species from teleostei to mammals. We systematically collected 40,018 published papers and mined the sex reversal-associated genes (SRGs), including their regulatory networks, from 1611 core papers. We annotated homologous genes and computed conservation scores for whole genomes across the 18 species. Furthermore, we collected available RNA-seq datasets and investigated the expression dynamics of SRGs during sex reversal or sex determination processes. In addition, we manually annotated 550 in situ hybridization (ISH), fluorescencein situhybridization (FISH), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) images of SRGs from the literature and described their spatial expression in the gonads. Collectively, ASER provides a unique and integrated resource for researchers to query and reuse organized data to explore the mechanisms and applications of SRGs in animal breeding and human health. The ASER database is publicly available at http://aser.ihb.ac.cn/.

14.
Biomater Res ; 25(1): 40, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819167

RESUMO

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is a common gynaecological disease that develops from infection or trauma. IUA disease may seriously affect the physical and mental health of women of childbearing age, which may lead to symptoms such as hypomenorrhea or infertility. Presently, hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA) is the principal therapy for IUAs, although its function in preventing the recurrence of adhesion and preserving fertility is limited. Pharmaceuticals such as hormones and vasoactive agents and the placement of nondegradable stents are the most common postoperative adjuvant therapy methods. However, the repair of injured endometrium is relatively restricted due to the different anatomical structures of the endometrium. Recently, the treatment outcome of IUAs has improved with the advancement of hysteroscopic techniques. In particular, the application of bioactive scaffolds combined with tissue engineering technology has proven to have high therapeutic potential or endometrial repair in IUA treatment. Herein, this review has summarized past therapeutic strategies, including postoperative adjuvant therapy, cell or therapeutic molecular delivery therapy methods and bioactive scaffold-based tissue engineering methods. Therefore, this review presented the recent therapeutic strategies for repairing endometrium treatment and pointed out the issues of clinical concern to provide alternative methods for the management of IUAs.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151363, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740669

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of anaerobic digestion duration on methane yield, net energy production, and humification of compost during solid state anaerobic digestion (SSAD) and composting hybrid process for food waste treatment. Carbon flow and balance were used to evaluate organic methanation and humification inclination of carbon in the whole SSAD and aerobic composting system. Results showed that SSAD for 15 (AD-15) and 21 days (AD-21) could increase net energy production and degraded organic matter contained in the mixtures to achieve high biological stability. The cumulative net energy production between the AD-15 and AD-21 treatments was not significantly different, which was 8.3% higher than that in SSAD for 30 days (AD-30). Furthermore, digestate (AD-15 and AD-21) composting for 3 days reached maturity and absence of phytotoxic substances. Carbon fixed into humus of the AD-21 treatment (11.6%) was not significantly different from that of AD-15 (12.0%). However, the total amount of carbon fixed into compost in AD-15 was 6.6% higher than that in AD-21. Moreover, the CO2 -C loss of the AD-15 treatment (22.9%) was slightly higher than that of AD-21 (20.6%). Thus, AD-21 treatment achieved the most effective use of carbon during SSAD and composting hybrid process for food waste treatment. These results could provide valuable insights for the effective management of food waste in practice.

16.
MedComm (2020) ; 2(2): 207-220, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766142

RESUMO

Adoptive cellular immunotherapy harnessing the intrinsic immune system for precise treatment has exhibited preliminary success against malignant tumors. As one of the emerging roles in adoptive cellular immunotherapy, neoantigen-reactive T cell (NRT) focuses on the antigens expressed only by tumor cells. It exclusively obliterates tumor and spares normal tissues, achieving more satisfying effects. However, the development of NRT immunotherapy remains in a relatively primitive stage. Current challenges include identification of NRTs and maintenance of adoptive cell efficacy in vivo. The possible side effects and other limitations of this treatment also hinder its application. Here, we present an overview of NRT immunotherapy and discuss the progress and challenges as well as the prospects in this promising field.

17.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 1556-1565, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757891

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Osteoporosis (OP) is a metabolic disease. We have previously demonstrated that aucubin (AU) has anti-OP effects that are due to its promotion of the formation of osteoblasts. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of anti-OP effects of AU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, 30 mg/kg Dex-induced OP group (OP model group, 15 µg/kg oestradiol-treated positive control group, 5 or 45 mg/kg AU-treated group), and 45 mg/kg AU-alone-treated group. The administration lasted for 7 weeks. Subsequently, 1, 2.5 and 5 µM AU were incubated with 50 ng/mL RANKL-induced RAW264.7 cells for 7 days to observe osteoclast differentiation. The effect of AU was evaluated by analysing tissue lesions, biochemical factor and protein expression. RESULTS: The LD50 of AU was greater than 45 mg/kg. AU increased the number of trabeculae and reduced the loss of chondrocytes in OP mice. Compared to OP mice, AU-treated mice exhibited decreased serum concentrations of TRAP5b (19.6% to 28.4%), IL-1 (12.2% to 12.6%), IL-6 (12.1%) and ROS (5.9% to 10.7%) and increased serum concentrations of SOD (14.6% to 19.4%) and CAT (17.2% to 27.4%). AU treatment of RANKL-exposed RAW264.7 cells decreased the numbers of multi-nuclear TRAP-positive cells, reversed the over-expression of TRAP5, NFATc1 and CTSK. Furthermore, AU increased the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its downstream proteins in RANKL-exposed RAW264.7 cells. CONCLUSIONS: AU slows the development of OP via Nrf2-mediated antioxidant pathways, indicating the potential use of AU in OP therapy and other types of OP research.

18.
Analyst ; 146(23): 7320-7326, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762076

RESUMO

A new and simple surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) biosensor based on the tyramine signal amplification (TSA)-triggered formation of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) repeats on a gold sensing chip was designed for the highly sensitive detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Initially, gold wafers were functionalized with HRP as sensing chips. Then, the HRP immobilized on the chips triggers the TSA reaction to transform the tyramine-HRP conjugate into a tyramine-HRP repeat array. With the aid of the target H2O2, the HRP repeats catalyze the oxidation of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) and produce an enzyme catalytic product with a different chemical structure, thus altering the fingerprint of the SERS spectra from that of OPD. H2O2 can be quantitatively analyzed according to the change in SERS signal intensity. On the basis of the TSA strategy, the proposed method allows the detection of H2O2 with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.8 × 10-8 M. The as-prepared SERS sensor can achieve high-sensitivity H2O2 detection with a small amount of sample for each analysis. Therefore, this sensor exhibits significant potential for application in bioanalysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ouro , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Análise Espectral Raman , Tiramina
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(47): 56320-56328, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783538

RESUMO

The ability to detect multidimensional forces is highly desired for electronic skin (E-skin) sensors. Here, based on single-electrode-mode triboelectric nanogenerators (S-TENGs), fully elastic E-skin that can simultaneously sense normal pressure and shear force has been proposed. With the hemispherical curve-structure design and further structural optimization, the pressure sensor exhibits a high linearity and sensitivity of 144.8 mV/kPa in the low-pressure region. By partitioning the lower tribolayer into two symmetric parts, a multidimensional force sensor has been fabricated in which the output voltage sum and ratio of the two S-TENGs can be used for normal pressure and shear force sensing, respectively. When the multidimensional force sensors are mounted at a two-fingered robotic manipulator, the change of the grabbing state can be recognized, indicating that the sensor may have great application potential in tactile sensing for robotic manipulation, human-robot interactions, environmental awareness, and object recognition.

20.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599549

RESUMO

The incidence rate of cardiovascular diseases is increasing year by year. The demand for coronary artery bypass grafting has been very large. Acellular blood vessels have potential clinical application because of their natural vascular basis, but their biocompatibility and anticoagulant energy need to be improved. We decellularized the abdominal aorta of SD rats, and then modified with bivalirudin via polydopamine. The mechanical properties, blood compatibility, cytocompatibility, immune response, and anticoagulant properties were evaluated, and then the bivalirudin-modified acellular blood vessels were implanted into rats for remodeling evaluation in vivo. The results we got show that the bivalirudin-modified acellular blood vessels showed good cytocompatibility and blood compatibility, and its anti-inflammatory trend was dominant in the immune response. After 3 months of transplantation, the bivalirudin-modified acellular blood vessels did not easily form thrombus. It was not easy to form calcification and could make the host cells grow better. Through vascular stimulation and immunofluorescence test, we found that vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells proliferated well in the bivalirudin group. Bivalirudin-modified acellular blood vessels provided new idea for small diameter tissue engineering blood vessels, and may become a potential clinical substitute for small-diameter vascular grafts.

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