Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 593
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8050, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850223

RESUMO

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an essential mediator of atherosclerotic plaque progression and instability leading to intracoronary thrombosis, therefore contributing to coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we investigated the relationship between MIF gene polymorphism and CAD in Chinese Han population. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP, rs755622, rs1007888 and rs2096525) of MIF gene were genotyped by TaqMan genotyping assay in 1120 control participants and 1176 CAD patients. Coronary angiography was performed in all CAD patients and Gensini score was used to assess the severity of coronary artery lesions. The plasma levels of MIF and other inflammatory mediators were measured by ELISA. The CAD patients had a higher frequency of CC genotype and C allele of rs755622 compared with that in control subjects (CC genotype: 6.5% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.008, C allele: 24.0% vs. 20.6%, P = 0.005). The rs755622 CC genotype was associated with an increased risk of CAD (OR: 1.804, 95%CI: 1.221-2.664, P = 0.003). CAD patients with a variation of rs755622 CC genotype had significantly higher Gensini score compared with patients with GG or CG genotype (all P < 0.05). In addition, the circulating MIF level was highest in CAD patients carrying rs755622 CC genotype (40.7 ± 4.2 ng/mL) and then followed by GC (37.9 ± 3.4 ng/mL) or GG genotype (36.9 ± 3.7 ng/mL, all P < 0.01). Our study showed an essential relationship between the MIF gene rs755622 variation and CAD in Chinese Han population. Individuals who carrying MIF gene rs755622 CC genotype were more susceptible to CAD and had more severe coronary artery lesion. This variation also had a potential influence in circulating MIF levels.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851695

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous single-stranded RNA molecules that play an important role in gene regulation in animals by pairing with target gene mRNA. Extensive evidence shows that miRNAs are key players in metabolic regulation and the development of obesity. However, the systemic understanding of miRNAs in the adipogenesis of obese rabbit need further investigate. Here, seven small RNA libraries from rabbits fed either a standard normal diet (SND; n = 3) or high-fat diet (HFD; n = 4) were constructed and sequenced. Differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were identified using the edgeR data analysis package from R. Software miRanda and RNAhybrid were used to predict the target genes of miRNAs. To further explore the functions of DE miRNAs, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed. A total of 81,449,996 clean reads were obtained from the seven libraries, of which, 52 known DE miRNAs (24 up-regulated, 28 down-regulated) and 31 novel DE miRNAs (14 up-regulated, 17 down-regulated) were identified. GO enrichment analysis revealed that the DE miRNAs target genes were involved in intermediate filament cytoskeleton organization, intermediate filament-based process, and alpha-tubulin binding. DE miRNAs were involved in p53 signaling, linoleic acid metabolism, and other adipogenesis-related KEGG pathways. Our study further elucidates the possible functions of DE miRNAs in rabbit adipogenesis, contributing to the understanding of rabbit obesity.

3.
Prog Transplant ; : 15269248211002796, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789542

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Given the burden of posttransplant diabetes mellitus and the high prevalence of low vitamin D levels in kidney transplant recipients, it is reasonable to consider vitamin D as a novel and potentially modifiable risk factor in this patient population. RESEARCH QUESTION: To determine the association between 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and posttransplant diabetes among kidney transplant recipients. Design: In a multi-center cohort study of 442 patients who received a kidney transplant between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2010, serum samples within one-year before transplant were analyzed for 25(OH)D levels. The association between 25(OH)D and posttransplant diabetes were examined in Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: The median 25(OH)D level was 66 nmol/L. The cumulative probability of diabetes at 12-months by quartiles of 25(OH)D (< 42, 42 to 64.9, 65 to 94.9, and > 95 nmol/L) were 23.4%, 26.9%, 21.4%, and 15.6%, respectively. Compared to the highest 25(OH)D quartile, hazard ratios (95% CI) for the risk were 1.85 (1.03, 3.32), 2.01 (1.12, 3.60), 1.77 (0.96, 3.25) across the first to third quartiles, respectively. The associations were accentuated in a model restricted to patients on tacrolimus. When modeled as a continuous variable, 25(OH)D levels were significantly associated with a higher risk of diabetes (hazard ratio 1.06, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.13 per 10 nmol/L decrease). DISCUSSION: Serum 25(OH)D was an independent predictor of posttransplant diabetes in kidney transplant recipients. These results may inform the design of trials using vitamin D to reduce the risk in kidney transplant recipients.

5.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642392, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33717198

RESUMO

The success of pregnancy relies on the fine adjustment of the maternal immune system to tolerate the allogeneic fetus. Trophoblasts carrying paternal antigens are the only fetal-derived cells that come into direct contact with the maternal immune cells at the maternal-fetal interface. The crosstalk between trophoblasts and decidual immune cells (DICs) via cell-cell direct interaction and soluble factors such as chemokines and cytokines is a core event contributing to the unique immunotolerant microenvironment. Abnormal trophoblasts-DICs crosstalk can lead to dysregulated immune situations, which is well known to be a potential cause of a series of pregnancy complications including recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), which is the most common one. Immunotherapy has been applied to RSA. However, its development has been far less rapid or mature than that of cancer immunotherapy. Elucidating the mechanism of maternal-fetal immune tolerance, the theoretical basis for RSA immunotherapy, not only helps to understand the establishment and maintenance of normal pregnancy but also provides new therapeutic strategies and promotes the progress of immunotherapy against pregnancy-related diseases caused by disrupted immunotolerance. In this review, we focus on recent progress in the maternal-fetal immune tolerance mediated by trophoblasts-DICs crosstalk and clinical application of immunotherapy in RSA. Advancement in this area will further accelerate the basic research and clinical transformation of reproductive immunity and tumor immunity.

6.
Clin Transplant ; : e14283, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705576

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology of early acute myocardial infarctions after kidney transplantation has not been well characterized. This study sought to examine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of early acute myocardial infarctions or EAMI in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: A total of 1976 patients who underwent kidney transplantation at our center from Jan 1, 2000, to Sept 30, 2016, were included. A nested case-control design was used to study EAMI risk factors using a conditional logistic regression model. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the association of EAMI with death-censored graft failure, death with graft function, and total graft failure. RESULTS: Seventy four patients had an EAMI within 3 months post-transplant. Based on univariable analyses, risk factors for EAMI included age and recipient history of diabetes mellitus or coronary artery disease. After adjustment, recipient history of coronary artery disease was the only independent predictor for EAMI (OR 3.76, p < .001). Patients who experienced EAMI were more likely to experience death-censored graft failure, death with graft function, and total graft failure. CONCLUSION: While the incidence of EAMI in kidney transplant recipients is relatively low, these data show that EAMI has profound long-term effects on morbidity and mortality.

7.
Can Urol Assoc J ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ureteral strictures post-kidney transplantation (KT) can be a significant morbidity to the patient, often requiring surgical intervention and impacting graft function. We sought to investigate the incidence, clinical management, and outcomes of ureteral strictures among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) at a large, multi-organ transplant center. METHODS: We conducted a single-center cohort study looking at KTRs who had transplant surgery from January 1, 2005 to March 31, 2017 with at least one-year followup (n=1742). Any KTRs done outside of our center or simultaneous multiorgan transplants were excluded. The Kaplan-Meier product-limit method was used to determine the incidence of ureteral strictures. Risk factors for ureteric strictures and clinical outcomes among patients with vs. without ureteric strictures were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The incidence of ureteral strictures was 1.31 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85, 2.01) per 100 person-years or a cumulative incidence of 1.2%. We did not find any donor or recipient demographic variables that were independently associated with an increased risk of ureteral stricture development. A large proportion was managed successfully with radiologic intervention alone (47.6%). Ureteral strictures were associated with death-censored graft failure (hazard ratio [HR] 7.17, 95% CI 2.81, 18.30), total graft failure (HR 3.04, 95% CI 1.41, 6.59), and hospital readmission (HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.58, 4.00). CONCLUSIONS: Although uncommon, ureteral strictures can significantly impact patient outcomes after KT. A better understanding of risk factors and clinical management will be important to ensure optimal graft outcomes.

8.
Prog Transplant ; : 15269248211003563, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759628

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplant recipients are at risk for complications resulting in early hospital readmission. This study sought to determine the incidences, risk factors, causes, and financial costs of early readmissions. DESIGN: This single-centre cohort study included 1461 kidney recipients from 1 Jul 2004 to 31 Dec 2012, with at least 1-year follow-up. Early readmission was defined as hospitalization within 30 or 90-days postdischarge from transplant admission. Associations between various parameters and 30 and 90-days posttransplant were determined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. The hospital-associated costs of were assessed. RESULTS: The rates of early readmission were 19.4% at 30 days and 26.8% at 90 days posttransplant. Mean cost per 30-day readmission was 11 606 CAD. Infectious complications were the most common reasons and resulted in the greatest cost burden. Factors associated with 30 and 90-days in multivariable models were recipient history of chronic lung disease (hazard ratio or HR 1.78 [95%CI: 1.14, 2.76] and HR 1.68 [1.14, 2.48], respectively), median time on dialysis (HR 1.07 [95% CI: 1.01, 1.13]and HR 1.06 [95% CI: 1.01, 1.11], respectively), being transplanted preemptively (HR 1.75 [95% CI: 1.07, 2.88] and HR 1.66 [95% CI: 1.07, 2.57], respectively), and having a transplant hospitalization lasting of and more than 11 days (HR 1.52 [95% CI: 1.01, 2.27] and HR 1.65 [95% CI: 1.16, 2.34], respectively). DISCUSSION: Early hospital readmission after transplantation was common and costly. Strategies to reduce the burden of early hospital readmissions are needed for all patients.

9.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 27: 100327, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing is recommended in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study was to assess changes in EGFR mutation testing patterns and tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) use in US veterans with stage III-IV NSCLC between 2013 and 2017. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study using linked data from Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Cancer Registry System, Corporate Data Warehouse, commercial laboratories, and clinical notes. Generalized linear mixed models accounting for clustering by VA facility were used to determine factors associated with EGFR mutation testing. RESULTS: From 2013 to 2017, EGFR mutation testing increased from 29.5% to 38.4% among veterans with stage III-IV NSCLC and from 47.0% to 57.4% among veterans with stage IV non-squamous disease. Factors associated with increased odds of testing included being married, Medicare enrollment, and adenocarcinoma histology. Factors associated with decreased odds of testing included Medicaid eligibility, stage III disease, increasing age, being a current or former smoker, increasing Charlson-Deyo comorbidity score, and receiving cancer care in the South. Appropriate use of a TKI rose from 2013 to 2017 (17.2% to 74.1%). CONCLUSION: EGFR mutation testing rates increased to almost 60% in the stage IV non-squamous NSCLC population in 2017, with residual opportunity for further increase. Several sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, and geographic regions were associated with EGFR mutation testing suggestive of inequitable testing decisions. Appropriate use of TKI improved drastically from 2013 to 2017 demonstrating rapidly changing practice patterns through the adoption phase of new treatment options.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 213: 111941, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567358

RESUMO

Cloudy weather with low light is more common during rice growing season of South China which often leads reduced yield and aroma formations in fragrant rice. However, exogenous γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) application could enhance the 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) accumulations and yield of fragrant rice under low light conditions. Field and pot experiments were conducted with three fragrant rice cultivars i.e., Basmati and Yuxiangyouzhan (indica), and Yungengyou 14 (japonica) that were grown under three different treatments i.e., normal light + GABA 0 mg L-1 (CK), low light + GABA 0 mg L-1 (T1), and low light + GABA 250 mg L-1 (T2). The results revealed that the grain 2AP contents were increased by 14.67-34.83% and up to 29.34% under T1 and T2 treatments in pot and field experiments, respectively, as compared with CK. The T1 and T2 treatments improved aroma owing to regulation in the accumulation of micronutrients i.e., Na, Mn, and Fe and enzyme activities involved in 2AP biosynthesis. The grain yield was substantially reduced in T1 as compared with T2 treatment for all rice cultivars. On the other hand, GABA application improved the grain yield under low light conditions by regulating the plant growth, and related physiological and biochemical attributes in all rice cultivars. Thus, GABA could balance low light-induced 2AP content and grain yield by modulating morphological and yield related attributes as well as physio-biochemical responses of fragrant rice.


Assuntos
Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo , China , Grão Comestível/química , Odorantes , Perfumes/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , Pirróis
11.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 27, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lisu is an ethnic minority group and most of them are living in Yunnan, China. This study investigated the oral health status among 12-year-old Lisu children in Yunnan. METHOD: This survey employed a multistage sampling method to recruit 12-year-old Lisu children. Two calibrated dentists performed the oral examinations in the primary schools. They examined dental caries, gingival bleeding and dental fluorosis using the diagnosis criteria recommended by the World Health Organization. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to the children to collect their sociodemographic background information and oral health-related behaviours. A chi-square test, the Mann-Whitney U test, zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This survey invited 512 children, and 482 children (48% boys) participated in the study (response rate: 94%). Their caries prevalence was 35% and their caries experience in mean (SD) DMFT scores was 0.63 (0.10). The mean (SD) DT score was 0.60 (1.10), consisting 95% of the mean DMFT scores. No dental fluorosis was observed; whereas 426 children (88%) had gingival bleeding. Results of ZINB model indicated sex and sugary-snacking habits were related to the dental caries experience (p < 0.05). The gingival-bleeding prevalence was associated with the mother's education level, the child's monthly-pocket money and daily toothbrushing frequency (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dental caries and gingival bleeding were prevalent among 12-year-old Lisu children in the Yunnan province in China, and most of the decayed teeth were unrestored. Dental fluorosis was not observed in the children.

12.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(6): 4258-4272, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438204

RESUMO

Exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as significant mediators of intercellular communication, with studies highlighting their role in the transmission of biological signals between cells. Dominant microRNA (miRNA)-mediated translational repression of messenger RNAs has been extensively investigated in regard to its influence in orchestrating osteogenic differentiation. In the current study, we sought to ascertain the contributory role of miRNA-101 (miR-101) encapsulated in the process of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC)-derived exosomes in osteogenic differentiation. Exosomes were initially extracted from BMSCs at Days 0, 3, 12, and 21 of osteogenic differentiation by ultracentrifugation. Artificial modulation of miR-101 and FBXW7 (silencing and overexpression) were performed in the BMSCs to identify its effects on osteogenic factors, alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteogenic differentiation. Mechanistic exploration was performed to evaluate the binding affinity between miR-101 and FBXW7, the FBXW7-mediated HIF1α ubiquitination, and the HIF1α enrichment in the FOXP3 promoter region. Exosomes from MSCs in the late stage of osteogenic differentiation exhibited enhanced osteogenic differentiation. Upregulated miR-101 in MSC-derived exosomes was detected during osteogenic differentiation, while diminished levels of FBXW7 expression was noted. Importantly, miR-101 was found to specifically bind to the 3'-untranslated region of FBXW7. Meanwhile, data was obtained indicating that FBXW7 could ubiquitinate and degrade HIF1α to repress its upregulation during osteogenic differentiation. HIF1α bound to the promoter region of FOXP3 to facilitate osteogenic differentiation. Ultimately, the findings of the current study demonstrate that BMSC-derived exosomal miR-101 augments osteogenic differentiation in MSCs by inhibiting FBXW7 to regulate the HIF1α/FOXP3 axis.

13.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 141(3): 250-255, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We are inclined to pay special care and attention to children with large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS). However, it is not clear whether children with LVAS have more developmental delays than children without LVAS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the developmental performance between pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) candidates with and without LVAS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of pediatric CI candidates were reviewed. Through propensity score matching analysis, 70 children with LVAS and 70 gender-, age-, and auditory-matched children were recruited as the LVAS and non-LVAS group, respectively. Developmental performances were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with normal developmental metrics, both LVAS and non-LVAS groups had developmental delay in multiple domains (both p < .001). Although some differences in motor developments between children with LVAS and without LVAS, they demonstrated overall equal developmental levels in both verbal and nonverbal aspects (all p > .05). Age of intervention was the primary risk factor for developmental performance of LVAS children (ß < 0, p < .05) with an obvious delay starting at 1 year of age. CONCLUSION: Pediatric CI candidates with LVAS had both verbal and nonverbal developmental delays. However, they exhibited similar overall developmental performances to those without LVAS.

16.
Chemistry ; 27(15): 4876-4882, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377252

RESUMO

The development of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-based supercapacitors have attracted intense concentration in recent years due to their regularly arranged porous and tunable pore sizes. However, the performance of the MOFs-derived supercapacitors is also low because of their poor electrical conductivity and rarely accessible active sites. In the present work, we developed a Co-MOF (namely Co2 BIM4 , BIM=benzimidazole) nanosheets derived Co3 O4 /nitrogen-doped carbon (Co2 BIM4 -Co3 O4 /NC) heteroaerogel as a novel supercapacitor electrode. The 3D Co2 BIM4 -Co3 O4 /NC heteroaerogels were obtained by directly intercalating polyethyleneimine (PEI) into the interlayers of Co2 BIM4 nanosheets and following by carbonizing the resulting Co2 BIM4 /PEI composite. The Co2 BIM4 -Co3 O4 /NC electrode possessed 3D conductive framework with an overlapped hetero-interface and expanded interlayers, leading to fast and stable charge transfer/diffusion and an enhanced pseudocapacitance performance. Therefore, the Co2 BIM4 -Co3 O4 /NC electrode showed ultrahigh capacitance of 2568 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 , 1747 F g-1 at 10 A g-1 , and excellent long cycling time with a capacitance preservation of 92.7 % following 10000 cycles at 10 A g-1 , which is very promising for applications in supercapacitors and other energy storage devices.

17.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255930

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism that plays an important role in gene regulation without an altered DNA sequence. Previous studies have demonstrated that diet affects obesity by partially mediating DNA methylation. Our study investigated the genome-wide DNA methylation of perirenal adipose tissue in rabbits to identify the epigenetic changes of high-fat diet-mediated obesity. Two libraries were constructed pooling DNA of rabbits fed a standard normal diet (SND) and DNA of rabbits fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified using the option of the sliding window method, and online software DAVID Bioinformatics Resources 6.7 was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) terms and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway enrichment analysis of DMRs-associated genes. A total of 12,230 DMRs were obtained, of which 2305 (1207 up-regulated, 1098 down-regulated) and 601 (368 up-regulated, 233 down-regulated) of identified DMRs were observed in the gene body and promoter regions, respectively. GO analysis revealed that the DMRs-associated genes were involved in developmental process (GO:0032502), cell differentiation (GO:0030154), and lipid binding (GO:0008289), and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed the DMRs-associated genes were enriched in linoleic acid metabolism (KO00591), DNA replication (KO03030), and MAPK signaling pathway (KO04010). Our study further elucidates the possible functions of DMRs-associated genes in rabbit adipogenesis, contributing to the understanding of HFD-mediated obesity.

18.
Small ; : e2007062, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354902

RESUMO

Porous carbon and metal oxides/sulfides prepared by using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as the precursors have been widely applied to the realm of supercapacitors. However, employing MOF-derived metal phosphides as positive and negative electrode materials for supercapacitors has scarcely been reported thus far. Herein, two types of MOFs are used as the precursors to prepare CoP and FeP4 nanocubes through a two-step controllable heat treatment process. Due to the advantages of composition and structure, the specific capacitances of FeP4 and CoP nanocubes reach 345 and 600 F g-1 at the current density of 1 A g-1 , respectively. Moreover, a quasi-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor is assembled based on charge matching principle by employing CoP and FeP4 nanocubes as the positive and negative electrodes, respectively, which exhibits a high energy density of 46.38 Wh kg-1 at the power density of 695 W kg-1 . Furthermore, a solar-charging power system is assembled by combining the quasi-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor and monocrystalline silicon plates, substantiating that the device can power the toy electric fan. This work paves a practical way toward the rational design of quasi-solid-state asymmetry supercapacitors systems affording favorable energy density and long lifespan.

19.
Environ Toxicol Chem ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238038

RESUMO

Indoxacarb is a typical chiral insecticide widely used in agriculture pest control. In the present study, zebrafish was used as a model animal to explore the enantioselective bioaccumulation behavior of indoxacarb to non-target species in aquatic environments. The zebrafish were exposed to 0.025 and 0.1mg/L rac-indoxacarb solution for 12 days under the semi-static method, and the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and enantiomeric fraction (EF) of zebrafish were investigated. The results showed that the (-)-R-indoxacarb preferentially accumulated in zebrafish. The bioconcentration factor values at 0.025 mg/L exposure levels were 1079.8 and 83.4 L/kg for (-)-R-indoxacarb and (+)-S-indoxacarb after 12 days. The bioconcentration factor values at 0.1 mg/L exposure levels were 1752.1 and 137.0 L/kg for (-)-R-indoxacarb and (+)-S-indoxacarb after 10 days. The half-life values of (-)-R-indoxacarb and (+)-S-indoxacarb were 3.47 d and 2.05 d for 0.025 mg/L concentration exposure, and 4.95 d, 2.66 d for 0.1 mg/L concentration exposure respectively. The enantiomeric fraction (EF) values were in the range of 0.48-0.55 and 0.89-1.00 for water and zebrafish samples, respectively. Studies on the enantioselective bioaccumulation behavior of indoxacarb will provide data for assessing the environmental fate and potential toxic effects of indoxacarb on aquatic organisms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
J Environ Manage ; : 111682, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243625

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of substrates (quartz sand and coke) on the removal of pollutants (COD, NH4+-N and TP), electrochemical characteristics and microbial communities of vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCW) under high pollutant loads. During operation, the removal rates of COD, NH4+-N and TP by VFCW-C (coke as substrate) were higher than that of VFCW-Q (quartz sand as substrate) by 9.73-19.41%, 5.03%-13.15% and 8.83%-14.58%, respectively. And the resistances of the VFCW-Q and VFCW-C were increased by 1228.9 Ω and 38.3 Ω, while their potentials were dropped from 182.4 mV to 377.9 mV-85.6 mV and 222.0 mV, respectively. The dominant bacteria at the bottoms of VFCW-Q and VFCW-C were individually aerobic denitrifying bacteria (ADNB; 14.98%)/ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB; 5.73%) and organics aerobic degrading bacteria (OADB; 12.48%)/ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB; 7.24%), while the predominant bacteria at their tops were separately ADNB (11.36%)/OADB (10.52%)/AOB (4.69%) and ADNB (15.09%)/AOB (8.86%) and OADB (3.20%) The removal of pollutants by VFCW-Q and VFCW-C may be mainly attributed to substrate adsorption and microbial degradation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...