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1.
Front Psychol ; 13: 824219, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548546

RESUMO

It is interesting to explore the effects of second language (L2) acquisition on anatomical change in brain at different stages for the neural structural adaptations are dynamic. Short-term Chinese training effects on brain anatomical structures in alphabetic language speakers have been already studied. However, little is known about the adaptations of the gray matter induced by acquiring Chinese language for a relatively long learning period in adult alphabetic language speakers. To explore this issue, we recruited 38 Indian overseas students in China as our subjects. The learned group included 17 participants who had learned Mandarin Chinese for an average of 3.24 years and achieved intermediate Chinese language proficiency. The control group included 21 subjects who had no knowledge about Chinese. None of the participants had any experience in learning logographic and tonal language before Chinese learning. We found that (1) the learned group had significantly greater gray matter volume (GMV) in the left lingual gyrus (LG) compared with the control group; (2) the Chinese characters' reading accuracy was significantly and positively correlated to the GMV in the left LG and fusiform gyrus (FG) across the two groups; and (3) in the learned group, the duration of Chinese learning was significantly and positively correlated with the GMV in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) after correction for multiple comparisons with small volume corrections. Our structural imaging findings are in line with the functional imaging studies reporting increased brain activation induced by Chinese acquisition in alphabetic language speakers. The regional gray matter changes reflected the additional requirements imposed by the more difficult processing of Chinese characters and tones. The present study also show that the biological bases of the adaptations induced by a relatively long period of Chinese learning were limited in the common areas for first and foreign language processing.

2.
Cancer Med ; 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a life-threatening disease with poor prognosis. Pyroptosis has been recently disclosed as a programmed cell death triggered by invasive infection, involved in cancer development. However, the prognosis role of pyroptosis-related genes in HNSCC has not been discussed. METHODS: The RNA sequence data of pyroptosis-related genes were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Cox regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis were performed to screen the HNSCC survival-related signature genes. We established a HNSCC risk model with the identified prognostic genes, then divided the HNSCC patients into low- and high-risk subgroups according to median risk score. Moreover, we utilized Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset to validate the risk model. Go and KEGG analyses were conducted to reveal the potential function of differential expression of genes that identified between low- and high-risk subgroups. ESTIMATE algorithm was performed to investigate the immune infiltration of tumors. Correlation between signature gene expression and drug-sensitivity was disclosed by Spearman's analysis. RESULTS: We constructed a HNSCC risk model with identified seven pyroptosis-related genes (CASP1, GSDME, IL6, NLRP1, NLRP2, NLRP6, and NOD2) as prognostic signature genes. High-risk subgroup of HNSCC patients in TCGA cohort correlated with lower survival probability than patients from low-risk subgroup (p < .001), and the result is verified with GEO dataset. In addition, 161 genes were identified differentially expressed between the low- and high-risk subgroups in the TCGA cohort, mainly related to immune response. Higher PD-L1 expression level was found in the high-risk subgroup that indicated the possible employment of immune checkpoint inhibitors. IL6 was positively correlated with WZ3105 and MPS-1-IN-1 in the cancer therapeutics response portal database. CONCLUSION: We built and verified a risk model for HNSCC prognosis using seven pyroptosis-related signature genes, which could predict the overall survival of HNSCC patients and facilitate treatment.

3.
Food Chem ; 389: 133033, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490516

RESUMO

Sea cucumber collagen (SCC) properties affected the thermal processing of sea cucumber. SCC showed the shear-thinning and pseudo-plastic properties, and the viscosity and frequency of viscoelastic crossover were decreased gradually with the temperature from 15 to 30 °C. Differential scanning calorimetry of SCC confirmed that it was thermolabile with the increase of temperatures, acid or NaCl concentrations. As the temperature increasing, the triple helix of SCC disappeared with the decrease of the relative proportion of P2 structures by circular dichroism spectrometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and shearing could accelerate the change. Intramolecular changes investigated by molecular dynamics simulation showed the average number of hydrogen bonds decreased from 47 (20 °C) to 42 (80 °C), indicating triple helix of SCC was triggered to uncoil within 250 ns. These results could provide a scientific basis for processing of sea cucumbers.


Assuntos
Pepinos-do-Mar , Animais , Colágeno/química , Reologia , Pepinos-do-Mar/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Temperatura
4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2200592, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508897

RESUMO

Transition metal single-atom catalysts (SACs) are of immense interest, but how exactly they are evolved upon pyrolysis of the corresponding precursors remains unclear as transition metal ions in the complex precursor undergo a series of morphological changes accompanied with changes in oxidation state as a result of the interactions with the carbon support. Herein, the authors record the complete evolution process of Co SAC during the pyrolysis a Co/Zn-containing zeolitic imidazolate framework. Aberration-corrected environmental TEM coupled with in-situ EELS is used for direct visualization of the evolution process at 200-1000 °C. Dissolution of carbon into the nanoparticles of Co is found to be key to modulating the wetting behavior of nanoparticles on the carbon support; melting of Co nanoparticles and their motion within the zeolitic architecture leads to the etching of the framework structure, yielding porous C/N support onto which Co-single atoms reside. This uniquely structured Co SAC is found to be effective for the oxidation of a series of aromatic alkanes to produce selective ketones among other possible products. The carbon dissolution and melting/sublimation-driven structural dynamics of transition metal revealed here will expand the methodology in synthesizing SACs and other high-temperature processes.

5.
Sens Actuators B Chem ; 365: 131974, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505925

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 urges the development of rapidly and accurately diagnostic methods. Here, one high-sensitivity and point-of-care detection method based on magnetic SERS biosensor composed of Fe3O4-Au nanocomposite and Au nanoneedles array was developed to detect SARS-CoV-2 directly. Among, the magnetic Fe3O4-Au nanocomposite is applied to capture and separate virus from nasal and throat swabs and enhance the Raman signals of SARS-CoV-2. The magnetic SERS biosensor possessed high sensitivity by optimizing the Fe3O4-Au nanocomposite. More significantly, the on-site detection of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus was achieved based on the magnetic SERS biosensor with ultra-low limit of detection of 100 copies/mL during 15 mins. Furthermore, the contaminated nasal and throat swabs samples were identified by support vector machine, and the diagnostic accuracy of 100% was obtained. The magnetic SERS biosensor combined with support vector machine provides giant potential as the point-of-care detection tool for SARS-CoV-2.

6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 211: 114372, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35598554

RESUMO

The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) protein can regulate the expression of certain proteases and microRNAs in cancer cells, and it is highly possible to diagnose cancers through analyzing the expression of TIMP-1 on exosomes. However, it is still a great challenge to obtain reliable physiological information on TIMP-1 by label-free method from exosomes in plasma. Here, we designed a porous-plasmonic SERS chip functionalized with synthesized CP05 polypeptide, which can specifically capture and distinguish exosomes from diverse origins. The SERS chip can accurately locate the plasmon in TIMP-1 protein to analyze the discrepancy of related fingerprint peaks of different exosomes. Based on the designed SERS chip, we successfully distinguished the lung and colon cancer cell-derived exosomes from normal exosomes at the single vesicle level by unique Raman spectroscopy and machine learning methods. This work not only provides a practical SERS chip for the application of Raman technology in human tumor monitoring and prognosis, but also provides a new idea for analyzing the feature of exosomes at the spectral level.

7.
Front Physiol ; 13: 900179, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600305

RESUMO

Goats are popular in China because of their superior meat quality, delicate flesh, and unique flavor. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. However, the effects of lncRNAs on adipocyte differentiation in goat has not been fully elucidated yet. In this investigation, we performed RNA-Seq analysis of intramuscular and subcutaneous adipocytes from Jianzhou Daer goat before and after differentiation, including both intramuscular preadipocytes (IMPA) vs. intramuscular adipocytes (IMA) and subcutaneous preadipocytes (SPA) vs. subcutaneous adipocytes (SA). A total of 289.49 G clean reads and 12,519 lncRNAs were obtained from 20 samples. In total, 3,733 differentially expressed RNAs (182 lncRNAs and 3,551 mRNAs) were identified by pairwise comparison. There were 135 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) specific to intramuscular adipocytes, 39 DELs specific to subcutaneous adipocytes, and 8 DELs common to both adipocytes in these 182 DELs. Some well-known and novel pathways associated with preadipocyte differentiation were identified: fat acid metabolism, TGF-beta signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. By integrating miRNA-seq data from another study, we also identified hub miRNAs in both types of fat cells. Our analysis revealed the unique and common lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks of two kinds of adipocytes. Several lncRNAs that regulate potentially goat preadipocyte differentiation were identified, such as XR_001918 647.1, XR_001917728.1, XR_001297263.2 and LNC_004191. Furthermore, our findings from the present study may contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying in goat meat quality and provide a theoretical basis for further goat molecular breeding.

8.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 724: 109266, 2022 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523269

RESUMO

Fibrosis is one of the crucial reasons for cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding the underlying molecular mechanism that causes fibrosis is crucial to developing effective therapy. Recently, OUT domain-containing 7B (OTUD7B), also called Cezanne, a multifunctional deubiquitylate, has been found to play various roles in cancer and vascular diseases and control many important signaling pathways, including inflammation, proliferation, and so on. However, whether OTUD7B plays a role in fibrosis caused by MI remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore the function of OTUD7B in cardiac fibrosis and investigate the underlying mechanism. We found that the expression of OTUD7B was downregulated in the MI rat model and cultured cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in hypoxic conditions and after TGF-ß1 treatment. In vitro, silencing OTUD7B using small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased α-SMA (smooth muscle actin α) and collagen Ⅰ levels in CFs, whereas the overexpression of OTUD7B using adenovirus decreased their expression. Mechanistically, OTUD7B could regulate the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase that has been proved to act as a potential mediator of fibrosis, and ERK/P38 MAPK was involved in this regulation process. In vitro, overexpression of OTUD7B downregulated the phosphorylation level of FAK and then inhibited ERK/P38 phosphorylation, thus leading to decreased α-SMA and collagen Ⅰ expressions, while OTUD7B knockdown showed an opposite result. These findings suggest that OTUD7B could become a potentially effective therapeutic strategy against fibrosis after MI.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Infarto do Miocárdio , Animais , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/metabolismo , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/patologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(9): 4050-4068, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545840

RESUMO

The occurrence and development of tumors are closely related to histone deacetylases (HDACs). However, their relationship with the overall biology and prognosis of glioma is still unknown. In the present study, we developed and validated a prognostic model for glioma based on HDAC genes. Glioma patients can be divided into two subclasses based on eleven HDAC genes, and patients from the two subclasses had markedly different survival outcomes. Then, using six HDAC genes (HDAC1, HDAC3, HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC7, and HDAC9), we established a prognostic model for glioma patients, and this prognostic model was validated in an independent cohort. Furthermore, the calculated risk score from six HDACA genes expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor that could predict the five-year overall survival of glioma patients well. High-risk patients have changes in multiple complex functions and molecular signaling pathways, and the gene alterations of high- and low-risk patients were significantly different. We also found that the different survival outcomes of high- and low-risk patients could be related to the differences in immune filtration levels and the tumor microenvironment. Subsequently, we identified several small molecular compounds that could be favorable for glioma patient treatment. Finally, the expression levels of HDAC genes from the prognostic model were validated in glioma and nontumor tissue samples. Our results revealed the clinical utility and potential molecular mechanisms of HDAC genes in glioma. A model based on six HDAC genes can predict the overall survival of glioma patients well, and these genes are potential therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Glioma , Histona Desacetilases , Glioma/genética , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
10.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-8, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431022

RESUMO

Energy homeostasis is essential for organisms to maintain fluctuation in energy accumulation, mobilization. Lipids as the main energy reserve in insects, their metabolism is under the control of many physiological program. This study aimed to determine whether the adipokinetic hormone receptor (AKHR) was involved in the lipid mobilization in the Spodoptera litura. A full-length cDNA encoding AKHR was isolated from S. litura. The SlAKHR protein has a conserved seven-transmembrane domain which is the character of a putative G protein receptor. Expression profile investigation revealed that SlAKHR mRNA was highly expressed in immatural stage and abundant in fat body in newly emerged female adults. Knockdown of SlAKHR expression was achieved through RNAi by injecting double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) into the 6th instar larvae. The content of triacylgycerol (TAG) in the fat body increased significantly after the SlAKHR gene was knockdown. And decrease of TAG releasing to hemolymph with increase of free fatty acid (FFA) in hemolymph were observed when the SlAKHR gene was knowned-down. In addition, lipid droplets increased in fat body was also found. These results suggested that SlAKHR is critical for insects to regulate lipids metabolism.

11.
Nanoscale ; 14(17): 6488-6496, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416823

RESUMO

Electrode nanoarchitecture engineering is a transformative way to improve the structural stability and build robust transport charge pathways for high-capacity silicon in lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, the violent expansion of silicon during the lithiation/delithiation process is the chief reason for its limited industrialization. Here, we fabricated an integrated electrode structure using polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and graphene oxide (GO) inspired by reinforced concrete. Based on low-temperature annealing, cyclized PAN was assembled on the surface of silicon nanoparticles and tightly combined with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), which could construct stable and efficient transport channels for electrons and lithium ions and address the issues of electrode structure and interface stability. The resultant Si/rGO/cPAN (RC-Si) as the LIB anode exhibits exceptional combined performances including extraordinary mechanical properties, excellent cycling stability (∼1150 mA h g-1 at 2 A g-1 over 500 cycles), superior rate capability (∼600 mA h g-1 at 12 A g-1), and high areal capacity (∼5.6 mA h cm-2 at 0.5 mA cm-2). The novel electrode design concept is promising to promote the practical application of silicon anodes and open a new avenue to develop other high-capacity anodes for high-performance batteries.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 869278, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464968

RESUMO

Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is a facultative fish pathogen that possesses three distinct type VI secretion systems (named T6SS-1, T6SS-2, and T6SS-3). Our previous work indicated that only T6SS-2 of P. plecoglossicida mediates interbacterial competition. However, the antibacterial T6SS effectors and their functions are unclear. Here, we reported two T6SS effectors that mediate antibacterial activity. We first identified four putative antibacterial effectors (denoted as Txe1, Txe2, Txe3, and Txe4) and their cognate immunity proteins encoded in P. plecoglossicida strain XSDHY-P by analyzing the regions downstream of three vgrG genes. We showed that the growth of Escherichia coli cells expressing Txe1, Txe2, and Txe4 was inhibited, and these three effectors exhibited nuclease activity in vivo. The interbacterial competition assays with single- or multi-effector deletion mutants as attackers revealed that Txe1 was the predominant T6SS toxin of P. plecoglossicida strain XSDHY-P mediating the interbacterial killing. This work contributes to our understanding of bacterial effectors involved in the interbacterial competition.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(7)2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409427

RESUMO

Microalgae are considered a promising source for biodiesel. The addition of plant hormone can exert a significant impact on the production of microalgae biomass and lipid accumulation. Nevertheless, the response of microalgae cells to hormones is species- or strain-dependent. It remains controversial which genes involved in strong increase of fatty acids production in response to abscisic acid (ABA) in Chlorella sp. FACHB-8 strain. We investigated cell growth, lipid accumulation, and fatty acid composition when ABA and indol-3-acetic acid (IAA) were used in the growth medium of Chlorella sp. FACHB-8. The four treatments, including 5 mg/L IAA (E1), 10 mg/L IAA (E2), 10 mg/L ABA (E3), the combination of 5 mg/L IAA and 5 mg/L ABA (E4), were found to increase cell growth, but only 10 mg/L ABA treatment could enhance the lipid accumulation. The fatty acid profile was changed by the addition of ABA, making fatty acids afflux from polyunsaturated fatty acids to monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids, which were suitable for diesel application. Furthermore, a transcriptome analysis was conducted, unraveling the differentially expressed genes enriched in fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, and biosynthesis of the unsaturated fatty acid pathway in response to ABA. Our results clarified the correlation of fatty acid synthesis-related genes and fatty acid profiles, helping understand the potential response mechanism of Chlorella sp. FACHB-8 strain respond to ABA treatment.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Microalgas , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Chlorella/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Microalgas/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451950

RESUMO

A rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and non-motile bacterium, designated strain Y4T, was isolated from an aquaculture farm in Xiamen, PR China. Strain Y4T had 94.8, 93.3 and 91.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Paremcibacter congregatus ZYLT, Emcibacter nanhaiensis HTCJW17T and Luteithermobacter gelatinilyticus MEBiC09520T, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Y4T was 42.7 mol%. The average amino acid identity and percentage of conserved proteins values between strain Y4T and type strains of the family Emcibacteraceae were 57.9-58.6 % and 44.5-47.6 %, respectively. Optimal growth was observed at 28 °C, at pH 7.0 and with 2 % (w/v) NaCl. The novel strain Y4T required Ca2+, K+ and Mg2+ ions in addition to NaCl for growth. The dominant fatty acids of strain Y4T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c) and C14 : 0 2-OH. The polar lipid profile contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyglycerol, three unidentified aminolipids, four unidentified aminophospholipids and two unidentified lipids. Cells contained exclusively ubiquinone Q-10. On the basis of the polyphasic analysis, strain Y4T (=MCCC 1K06278T=KCTC 82926T) is considered to represent a novel species in a novel genus of the family Emcibacteraceae, for which the name Pseudemcibacter aquimaris gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Cloreto de Sódio , Aquicultura , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
15.
J Digit Imaging ; 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474555

RESUMO

Noninvasive differentiating thyroid follicular adenoma from carcinoma preoperatively is of great clinical value to decrease the risks resulted from excessive surgery for patients with follicular neoplasm. The purpose of this study is to investigate the accuracy of ultrasound radiomics features integrating with ultrasound features in the differentiation between thyroid follicular carcinoma and adenoma. A total of 129 patients diagnosed as thyroid follicular neoplasm with pathologically confirmed follicular adenoma and carcinoma were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. Radiomics features were extracted from preoperative ultrasound images with manually contoured targets. Ultrasound features and clinical parameters were also obtained from electronic medical records. Radiomics signature, combined model integrating radiomics features, ultrasound features, and clinical parameters were constructed and validated to differentiate the follicular carcinoma from adenoma. A total of 23 optimal features were selected from 449 extracted radiomics features. Clinical and ultrasound parameters of sex (p = 0.003), interior structure (p = 0.035), edge (p = 0.02), platelets (p = 0.007), and creatinine (p = 0.001) were associated with the differentiation between benign and malignant follicular neoplasm. The values of area under curves (AUCs) of the radiomics signature, clinical model, and combined model were 0.772 (95% CI: 0.707-0.838), 0.792 (95% CI: 0.715-0.869), and 0.861 (95% CI: 0.775-0.909), respectively. A final corrected AUC of 0.844 was achieved for the combined model after internal validation. Radiomics features from ultrasound images combined with ultrasound features and clinical factors are feasible to differentiate thyroid follicular carcinoma from adenoma noninvasive before operation to decrease the unnecessary of diagnostic thyroidectomy for patients with benign follicular adenoma.

16.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 3099794, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371234

RESUMO

Based on the concept of responsible holistic nursing care, a whole-process dual-tutor nursing practice model is established and its application effects are explored. This paper firstly reviews the research progress of nursing workload prediction methods at home and abroad, in order to provide a reference for clinical nursing workers in China to choose a scientific, reasonable, and easy-to-use nursing workload prediction method. It is proposed to construct a nursing education management model based on small data to provide ideas and references for nursing education management to effectively predict the evolutionary trend of students' behaviour and improve the level of accurate services. The experimental group adopted a dual-tutor responsibility system for the whole-process nursing practice model, including a complete three-level supervision system: a dual-tutor teaching system, a PDCA responsibility system for continuous improvement, and a multichannel teacher-student interaction platform; the control group adopted the traditional nursing practice model.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , China , Humanos
17.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301848

RESUMO

Localized drug delivery from drug-eluting stents (DESs) to target sites provides therapeutic efficacy with minimal systemic toxicity. However, DESs failure may cause thrombosis, delay arterial healing, and impede re-endothelialization. Bivalirudin (BVLD) and nitric oxide (NO) promote arterial healing. Nevertheless, it is difficult to combine hydrophilic signal molecules with hydrophobic antiproliferative drugs while maintaining their bioactivity. Here, we fabricated a micro- to nanoscale network assembly consisting of copper ion and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) via π-π interactions, metal coordination, and oxidative polymerization. The network incorporated rapamycin and immobilized BVLD by the thiol-ene "click" reaction and provided sustained rapamycin and NO release. Unlike rapamycin-eluting stents, those coated with the EGCG-Cu-rapamycin-BVLD complex favored competitive endothelial cell (EC) growth over that of smooth muscle cells, exhibited long-term antithrombotic efficacy, and attenuated the negative impact of rapamycin on the EC. In vivo stent implantation demonstrated that the coating promoted endothelial regeneration and hindered restenosis. Therefore, the polyphenol-network-mediated surface chemistry can be an effective strategy for the engineering of multifunctional surfaces.

18.
Sci Adv ; 8(13): eabl5511, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35353566

RESUMO

Intrinsically stretchable electronics represent an attractive platform for next-generation implantable devices by reducing the mechanical mismatch and the immune responses with biological tissues. Despite extensive efforts, soft implantable electronic devices often exhibit an obvious trade-off between electronic performances and mechanical deformability because of limitations of commonly used compliant electronic materials. Here, we introduce a scalable approach to create intrinsically stretchable and implantable electronic devices featuring the deployment of liquid metal components for ultrahigh stretchability up to 400% tensile strain and excellent durability against repetitive deformations. The device architecture further shows long-term stability under physiological conditions, conformal attachments to internal organs, and low interfacial impedance. Successful electrophysiological mapping on rapidly beating hearts demonstrates the potential of intrinsically stretchable electronics for widespread applications in health monitoring, disease diagnosis, and medical therapies.

19.
Anal Chem ; 94(13): 5352-5358, 2022 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311249

RESUMO

Two kinds of two-dimensional (2D) covalent-organic frameworks (COF) were used to construct a sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor for a proof-of-concept study. Vinyl-functionalized COFTab-Dva could be linked with Ab1 by the thiol-ene "click" reaction. Electroactive COFTFPB-Thi was modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to ensure the successful connection with Ab2 through Au-S bond. Meanwhile, electroactive COFTFPB-Thi was used to as signal probe to realize both the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and the amplification of detection signal. In detection process of the sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor, glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with 2D COFTab-Dva first then connected with Ab1 by the thiol-ene "click" reaction, next quantitative CEA was captured, followed by specificially capturing signal probe of Ab2/AuNPs/COFTFPB-Thi where AuNPs acted as nanocarriers of Ab2 and COFTFPB-Thi served as the signal producers. As the amount of CEA was increased, the amount of signal probe captured to the electrode was also increased, and the peak signal intensity of the redox reaction of COFTFPB-Thi was enhanced accordingly. Thus, the quantitative detection of CEA could be realized according to the peak signal intensity of electroactive COFTFPB-Thi. The electrochemical immunosensor owned wide detection range of 0.11 ng/mL-80 ng/mL, low detection limit of 0.034 ng/mL and good practicability. This study opens up a new revelation for quantitative detection of CEA using electroactive COF as enhanced signal probe.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ouro/química , Grafite/química , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química
20.
Small ; 18(17): e2107594, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344284

RESUMO

Water splitting to produce hydrogen is an effective means to alleviate the energy crisis. The anodic oxygen-evolving reaction (OER) limits the overall efficiency due to its high energy barrier. To address this, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with high catalytic activities have been widely studied, especially those modified with CeO2 , either bound to the surface or doped into interior. However, experimental evidence for the atomic-level understanding of the mechanism for the enhanced catalytic performance is conspicuously missing. Herein, anchoring CeO2 nanoparticles onto Co LDH, based on the thoughts of loading capacity and size effect to regulate the properties of the interface and to optimize the performance, is attempted. The electronic interactions are studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), revealing electron transfer from Co2+ to Ce4+ that leads to an increase in Co3+ . The strong Lewis acidity of Co3+ helps the binding of OH- , which is conducive to the formation and transformation of oxygen-containing intermediates. Providing evidence is the formation of one of the key intermediates Co-OOH at a sizably reduced potential as monitored by in situ Raman spectroscopy. With this work, the atomic level correlation of site-specific electronic interactions with the enhanced catalytic performance is clearly established.


Assuntos
Hidróxidos , Oxigênio , Catálise , Cobalto/química , Hidrogênio/química , Hidróxidos/química , Oxigênio/química
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