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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(19)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941699

RESUMO

Chemical insecticides remain the main strategy to combat mosquito-borne diseases, but the growing threat of insecticide resistance prompts the urgent need to develop alternative, ecofriendly, and sustainable vector control tools. Entomopathogenic fungi can overcome insecticide resistance and represent promising biocontrol tools for the control of mosquitoes. However, insects have evolved robust defense mechanisms against infection. Better understanding of mosquito defenses against fungal infection is critical for improvement of fungal efficacy. Here, we show that as the pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana penetrates into the host hemocoel, mosquitoes increase expression of the let-7 and miR-100 microRNAs (miRNAs). Both miRNAs translocate into fungal hyphae to specifically silence the virulence-related genes sec2p and C6TF, encoding a Rab guanine nucleotide exchange factor and a Zn(II)2Cys6 transcription factor, respectively. Inversely, expression of a let-7 sponge (anti-let-7) or a miR-100 sponge (anti-miR-100) in the fungus efficiently sequesters the corresponding translocated host miRNA. Notably, B. bassiana strains expressing anti-let-7 and anti-miR-100 are markedly more virulent to mosquitoes. Our findings reveal an insect defense strategy that employs miRNAs to induce cross-kingdom silencing of pathogen virulence-related genes, conferring resistance to infection.

2.
Circulation ; 143(19): 1894-1911, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in tafazzin (TAZ), a gene required for biogenesis of cardiolipin, the signature phospholipid of the inner mitochondrial membrane, causes Barth syndrome (BTHS). Cardiomyopathy and risk of sudden cardiac death are prominent features of BTHS, but the mechanisms by which impaired cardiolipin biogenesis causes cardiac muscle weakness and arrhythmia are poorly understood. METHODS: We performed in vivo electrophysiology to define arrhythmia vulnerability in cardiac-specific TAZ knockout mice. Using cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells and cardiac-specific TAZ knockout mice as model systems, we investigated the effect of TAZ inactivation on Ca2+ handling. Through genome editing and pharmacology, we defined a molecular link between TAZ mutation and abnormal Ca2+ handling and contractility. RESULTS: A subset of mice with cardiac-specific TAZ inactivation developed arrhythmias, including bidirectional ventricular tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, and complete atrioventricular block. Compared with wild-type controls, BTHS-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes had increased diastolic Ca2+ and decreased Ca2+ transient amplitude. BTHS-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes had higher levels of mitochondrial and cellular reactive oxygen species than wild-type controls, which activated CaMKII (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II). Activated CaMKII phosphorylated the RYR2 (ryanodine receptor 2) on serine 2814, increasing Ca2+ leak through RYR2. Inhibition of this reactive oxygen species-CaMKII-RYR2 pathway through pharmacological inhibitors or genome editing normalized aberrant Ca2+ handling in BTHS-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and improved their contractile function. Murine Taz knockout cardiomyocytes also exhibited elevated diastolic Ca2+ and decreased Ca2+ transient amplitude. These abnormalities were ameliorated by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II or reactive oxygen species inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a molecular pathway that links TAZ mutation with abnormal Ca2+ handling and decreased cardiomyocyte contractility. This pathway may offer therapeutic opportunities to treat BTHS and potentially other diseases with elevated mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.

3.
Org Lett ; 23(9): 3453-3459, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881879

RESUMO

A visible-light-induced [3+2] oxidative cyclization of various alkynes with easily available ketene dithioacetals as the previously unknown thiavinyl 1,3-dipoles in the presence of an acridine photosensitizer is reported. A series of multisubstituted thiophenes were achieved regioselectively in ≤98% yields under very mild metal-free conditions without other additives. This reaction could tolerate a wide range of substrates and achieve good efficiency in large-scale syntheses. The reaction mechanism and their applications are described in detail to reveal the reactivity of the new 1,3-dipoles and the selectivity of the reactions.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837779

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance and coronary artery lesions (CALs) prediction are pivotal topic of interests in Kawasaki disease (KD). However, data on the predictive value of lipid profile for both IVIG resistance and CALs are limited. PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive validity of lipid profile for IVIG resistance and CALs in KD. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: West China Second University Hospital. PATIENTS: 363 KD patients were divided into the initial IVIG-resistant group and initial IVIG-responsive group; repeated IVIG-resistant group and repeated IVIG-responsive group; CAL+ group and CAL- group. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Validity of lipid profile in predicting IVIG resistance and CALs. RESULTS: TG was significantly higher whereas TC, HDL-C, LDL-C as well as Apo A were significantly lower in initial IVIG-resistant subjects, with cut-off values of 1.625 mmol/L, 3.255 mmol/L, 0.475 mmol/L, and 1.965 mmol/L and 0.665 g/L, yielding sensitivities of 52%, 70%, 52%, 61%, 50%, and specificities of 68%, 53%, 78%, 71%, 81%, respectively. TC, LDL-C, and Apo A levels were significantly lower in repeated IVIG-resistant subjects, with cut-off values of 3.20 mmol/L, 1.78 mmol/L, 0.605 g/L, producing sensitivities of 91%, 70%, 57% and specificities of 55%, 67%, 70%, respectively. Apo-A level was significantly lower in the CAL group, with cut-off value of 0.805g/L, yielding sensitivity of 66% and specificity of 54%. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid profiles were significantly dysregulated in KD patients suffering IVIG resistance and CALs. Some of them, such as LDL-c and Apo-A, could serve as complementary laboratory markers for predicting both IVIG resistance and CALs.

6.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248812, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery lesion (CAL) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD) is a leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. Initial treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) can reduce the incidence of CAL. Although most of the current studies have shown a certain correlation between CAL and IVIG resistance, the conclusions are not completely consistent. Thus, we performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the association between IVIG resistance and CAL in KD. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure through April 21, 2020 were searched to detect relevant studies. Data analysis was performed with STATA 15.1. RESULTS: A total of 53 relevant studies were eligible to this analysis, including 30312 KD patients, of which 4750 were IVIG resistance and 25562 were responders. There was a significant difference found between IVIG resistance and IVIG response groups in the incidence of CAL (P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR), 3.89; 95% confidence interval (CI) (3.18, 4.75)). The heterogeneity test results showed that the I2 value was 74.8%. The meta-regression analysis showed that the study regions might be the sources of heterogeneity. The subgroup analysis suggested that the incidence of CAL in the IVIG resistance group was still higher than that in the IVIG response group under different regions, IVIG resistance diagnostic criteria, CAL diagnostic criteria, and study types. Meanwhile, the sensitivity analysis did not find any significant impact from every single study. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first meta-analysis to reveal the incidence of CAL was associated with IVIG resistance in KD patients. Further well-designed studies with uniform criteria are needed to evaluate the incidence of CAL in IVIG resistant patients.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 776: 145596, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652310

RESUMO

Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising thermochemical technology for the treatment of hazardous wastes such as penicillin residue (PR). For the treatment of aqueous waste produced by PR in the HTL process, aqueous phase circulation is an attractive solution, both environmentally and economically. The present study shows that aqueous phase circulation can promote the transfer of organic matter from the aqueous phase to bio-oil. The content of organic acids and alcohols in the aqueous phase decreased significantly, and the bio-oil yield and energy recovery efficiency also increased. Under non-catalytic conditions, the bio-oil yield increased from 26.09 wt% to 33.72 wt%. The use of Na2CO3 as a catalyst further improved the bio-oil yield. After a single aqueous phase circulation, the bio-oil yield increased to 34.63 wt%, and the energy recovery efficiency increased to 66.94%. Under catalytic hydrothermal conditions, the content of organic acids in the bio-oil was reduced using aqueous phase circulations, which improved the quality of the bio-oil. At the same time, the Na2CO3 catalyst promoted the hydrolysis of PR to form small molecule organic matter, inhibited the formation of coke, and reduced the content of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in the solid residue. An increase of cycle times led to excessive accumulation of Na2CO3, which had a negative impact on the yield of bio-oil. Nitrogen-containing compounds in the bio-oil increased to a certain extent, which renders it necessary to consider denitrification treatments in the future. The work provides a useful reference for further research on the preparation of high quality bio-oil by PR hydrothermal liquefaction.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Penicilinas , Biomassa , Óleos Vegetais , Polifenóis , Temperatura , Água
8.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 9566-9581, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714953

RESUMO

Radiation therapy is an effective method in the management of esophageal cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the roles of specific miRNAs in radioresistant esophageal cancer remain to be investigated. In present study, the relative expression level of miR-20b-5p and miR-125a-5p were evaluated by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cell counting Kit-8 assay, wound-healing assay, transwell assay were used to assess cell proliferation, cell migration and cell invasion. TUNEL and Annexin V-FITC assays were applied to evaluate cell apoptosis. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to identify direct targets of miRNAs. The protein expression level was assessed by Western blot. The results indicated that miR-20b-5p was increased in radioresistant KYSE-150R cells compared with KYSE-150 cells, whereas miR-125a-5p was downregulated. MiR-20b-5p upregulation promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and the EMT process, and decreased apoptosis by negatively regulating PTEN. MiR-125a-5p inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, the EMT process and it induced apoptosis by negatively regulating IL6R. These data indicate that miR-20b-5p and miR-125a-5p promote tumorigenesis in radioresistant KYSE-150R cells and have the potential to be used as novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of esophageal cancer.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance prediction remains substantial in Kawasaki disease (KD), with limited data on the predictive value of coagulation profile for IVIG resistance, particularly for repeated IVIG resistance. Therefore, the aim of our study was to testify the predictive validity of coagulation profile for both initial IVIG resistance and repeated IVIG resistance in KD. METHODS: A total of 385 KD patients were prospectively recruited between April 2015 and May 2019. Coagulation and other profiles were evaluated between the IVIG-responsive and IVIG-resistant groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the association between coagulation profiles and IVIG resistance. ROC curves analysis was further performed to assess the validity of coagulation profiles in predicting both initial IVIG resistance and repeated IVIG resistance. RESULTS: Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), fibrinogen degradation products (FDPs), and D-dimer were significantly increased in the initial IVIG-resistant group with antithrombin III (ATIII) and thrombin time (TT) significantly reduced. Meanwhile, ATIII was declined markedly in repeated IVIG-resistant patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PT, APTT, D-dimer, and ATIII were independent risk factors for predicting initial IVIG resistance and ATIII for predicting repeated IVIG-resistant patients with KD. PT, APTT, D-dimer, and ATIII cutoff values of 13.95 s, 41.15 s, 1.48 mg/L, and 89.5% yielded sensitivities of 73%, 32%, 71%, and 81%, and specificities of 55%, 88%, 62%, and 51% for predicting initial IVIG resistance, respectively. The cutoff value of ATIII for predicting repeated IVIG resistance was 68.5%, with sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 55%. CONCLUSIONS: KD patients who have hypercoagulation during the acute phase might be at higher risk of developing IVIG resistance.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24174, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no golden standard for the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD), the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in many countries. In recent years, many studies have focused on the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and KD. Thus, we perform this meta-analysis to understand the role of circulating miRNAs as a biomarker to detect KD. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure through March 10, 2019. Meta-disc 1.4 and STATA 15.1 (Stata Corporation, College Station, TX) were used to conduct the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Six eligible articles were included in this meta-analysis. The overall performance of total mixed miRNAs detection was: pooled sensitivity, 0.7 (95% confidence interval, 0.66-0.74); pooled specificity, 0.87 (95% confidence interval, 0.83-0.90); and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curves value (SROC), 0.8302. The meta-regression analysis indicated that the specimen types, the composition of the control group, and types of the reference miRNA were not responsible for the existing heterogeneities. The subgroup analysis showed that SROC of the plasma group (0.8890) was more significant than the serum group (0.7204), and SROC of the non-healthy control group (0.9622) was more significant than the healthy control group (0.8096). CONCLUSIONS: : This is the first meta-analysis show that miRNAs may be used as novel biomarkers for detecting KD, especially for distinguishing KD from other febrile diseases. More studies are needed in the future to clarify the association between KD and miRNAs. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019129976.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Análise de Regressão , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Life Sci ; : 119268, 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626394

RESUMO

AIMS: Drinking alcohol is prevalent worldwide; however, it is unknown whether alcohol could affect the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel in patients when taking both concomitantly. This study was designed to investigate the influence of short-term standard alcohol consumption on the metabolic activation of and platelet response to clopidogrel in mice as well as the mechanisms involved. MAIN METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were administered with normal saline (vehicle control) or alcohol at 2 g/kg/day for 7 days, and then gavaged with vehicle control or a single dose of clopidogrel at 10 mg/kg. Inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation and activation by clopidogrel, plasma concentrations of clopidogrel and its active metabolite H4, and changes in mRNA and protein expression of genes related to clopidogrel metabolism and its regulation were measured in mice pretreated with or without alcohol. KEY FINDINGS: Compared with vehicle control, alcohol pretreatment significantly reduced hydrolysis of clopidogrel as a result of significant down-regulation of Nrf2-mediated Ces1 expression (responsible for the formation of clopidogrel carboxylate), increased metabolic activation of clopidogrel due to significant up-regulation of Cyp2c (for the formation of active thiol metabolite H4), and consequently enhanced inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation and activation by clopidogrel. SIGNIFICANCE: Short-term standard alcohol consumption would significantly enhance suppression of ADP-induced platelet aggregation and activation by clopidogrel through significant inhibition of Nrf2/Ces1 signaling pathway and induction of Cyp2c, suggesting that alcohol may interact with drugs that are predominantly metabolized by CES1 or CYP2C in patient care, including clopidogrel.

12.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(2): e297, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634996

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified in December 2019 and has subsequently spread worldwide. Currently, there is no effective method to cure COVID-19. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may be able to effectively treat COVID-19, especially for severe and critical patients. Menstrual blood-derived MSCs have recently received much attention due to their superior proliferation ability and their lack of ethical problems. Forty-four patients were enrolled from January to April 2020 in a multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized, parallel-controlled exploratory trial. Twenty-six patients received allogeneic, menstrual blood-derived MSC therapy, and concomitant medications (experimental group), and 18 patients received only concomitant medications (control group). The experimental group was treated with three infusions totaling 9 × 107 MSCs, one infusion every other day. Primary and secondary endpoints related to safety and efficacy were assessed at various time points during the 1-month period following MSC infusion. Safety was measured using the frequency of treatment-related adverse events (AEs). Patients in the MSC group showed significantly lower mortality (7.69% died in the experimental group vs 33.33% in the control group; P = .048). There was a significant improvement in dyspnea while undergoing MSC infusion on days 1, 3, and 5. Additionally, SpO2 was significantly improved following MSC infusion, and chest imaging results were improved in the experimental group in the first month after MSC infusion. The incidence of most AEs did not differ between the groups. MSC-based therapy may serve as a promising alternative method for treating severe and critical COVID-19.


Assuntos
/terapia , Menstruação , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , /metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , /mortalidade , Estado Terminal , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 767: 144977, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636768

RESUMO

Antibiotic fermentation residue (AR) is composed of hazardous organic waste produced by the pharmaceutical industry. AR can be effectively converted into bio-oil by fast pyrolysis, but its high nitrogen content limits the prospect of bio-oil as a fuel resource. In order to further reduce the nitrogen content of AR bio-oil, we have examined the catalytic removal of N and O from penicillin fermentation residue (PR) bio-oil under fast pyrolysis conditions. We have used M/HZSM-5 (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Zr, Mo, Ag and Ce) metal catalysts, with a metal oxide content of 10%. Additionally, the effect of mixed and separated catalytic forms on catalytic upgrading were analyzed, and changes in the catalyst itself before and after pyrolysis under separated catalytic conditions were specifically investigated. Our results show that the metal elements in the fresh catalyst will exist in the form of oxides, ions and simple metals. In-situ reduction caused by pyrolysis gas in the catalytic pyrolysis process makes some ionic metals (e.g., Co2+, Cu2+ and Ag+) in the catalyst transform into oxides, and some metal oxides are reduced to simple metals or suboxides (including Fe, Ni, Cu and Mo). The N content in the mixed catalytic bio-oil decreased from 10.09 wt% to Zn/HZSM-5 (6.98 wt%), Co/HZSM-5 (7.1 wt%), Cu/HZSM-5 (7.18 wt%) and Ce/HZSM-5 (7.18 wt%). We also observed significant reduction in the O content (9.77 wt%) with Ag/HZSM-5 (3.75 wt%), Mo/HZSM-5 (6.86 wt%), Ce/HZSM-5 (8.39 wt%) and Fe/HZSM-5 (8.54 wt%) in the separated catalytic bio-oil. The Ni/HZSM-5 catalystcan reduce the organic acid content in bio-oil from 22.9% to 10.8%. The separated catalysis methodology also promoted an increase of hydrocarbons in the bio-oil: Zn/HZSM-5, Ag/HZSM-5, Mo/HZSM-5, Zr/HZSM-5 and Ce/HZSM-5 reached 11.6%, 11.5%, 11.1%, 10.1%, and 8.8%, respectively. Carbon deposition formed by aromatic carbon/graphite carbon, pyrrole and pyridine compounds leads to deactivation of the catalyst.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Penicilinas , Biomassa , Catálise , Fermentação , Temperatura Alta , Óleos Vegetais , Polifenóis
14.
J Math Biol ; 81(6-7): 1495-1522, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216181

RESUMO

We use a geometric approach to prove the existence of smooth travelling wave solutions of a nonlinear diffusion-reaction equation with logistic kinetics and a convex nonlinear diffusivity function which changes sign twice in our domain of interest. We determine the minimum wave speed, [Formula: see text], and investigate its relation to the spectral stability of a desingularised linear operator associated with the travelling wave solutions.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e22528, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been considered the only way to rescue preterm neonates following nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs closure failure. However, PDA closure by catheter-based interventions has become another therapeutic choice. The aim of this report was to investigate the timing and treatment methods for hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA) in preterm neonates. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 4 ventilator-dependent preterm neonate cases with hsPDA who had an urgent need of PDA closure and who attended our hospital between October 2016 and March 2018. We assessed the efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure of the hsPDA, and evaluated the dependence of the infants on mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: The 4 infants with hsPDA underwent successful transcatheter closures. Two infants were weaned from the ventilatory support within 24 hours after the closure. Those 2 preterm neonates demonstrated normal growth and development during the postoperative follow-up. However, the other 2 infants still needed ventilatory support beyond 48  hours post procedure. One of them presented a bronchial stenosis, underwent a bronchial stent placement by bronchoscopy 10 days after the PDA closure, and was only then finally withdrawn from the ventilatory support. The other infant had a severe bronchomalacia and was only weaned from the ventilator 36 days post PDA closure. CONCLUSION: Transcatheter closure could be an acceptable alternative to surgical ligation when medication treatment fails to close hsPDAs in ventilator-dependent preterm neonates. This intervention should be considered to minimize mechanical ventilation duration, reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and improve the prognoses of these infants.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e22576, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217792

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Left ventricle-right atrium (LV-RA) shunt is a rare case and surgical repair has been the routine procedure to correct this defect. With the rapid development of transcatheter technology, some of the cases can be closed with transcatheter technique. Here, we would like to report a congenital LV-RA case who received transcatheter closure using the Amplazter duct occluder II (ADO II) and the short-term outcomes of this procedure. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 2-year-old female presented a systolic murmur between the 2 to 3 sternal rib during the routine examination before kindergarten administration. DIAGNOSIS: The patient denied any cardiac surgery, endocarditis, trauma or cardiomyopathy. The echocardiography confirmed an abnormal shunt between left ventricle and right atrium located in the superior part of ventricular septum which is closed to septal tricuspid valve and anterior mitral valve, and the diameter of this shunt is 2 mm. Besides, the dilation of right atrium (40 mm) has been identified which was not a common clinical manifestation of typical ventricular septal defect. Angiography demonstrated the shunt driven from left ventricle to right atrium. INTERVENTION: An AGA ADO II device had been delivered to close the defect. OUTCOME: Follow-up kept for 3 months. Echocardiography revealed completed closure of the shunt with normal movement and function valves. And no complication of arrhythmia has been recorded. LESSONS: This case report highlighted the administration of ADO II in some ventricular septal defect with superior location, and provided an essential experience of using ADO II to close long tunnel type LV-RA shunt.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(47): 52864-52872, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174724

RESUMO

Mg-MOF-74/Cu was synthesized by a one-step method and then using the product as a lithium-ion anode material. The flocculent Cu caused by the Jahn-Teller effect conspicuously improves the electrochemical performance of Mg-MOF-74 by enhancing the conductivity of electrode materials. The as-prepared materials exhibited superior rate performance (298.3 mAh g-1 at a current density of 2000 mA g-1) and remarkable cyclability (a specific capacity of 534.5 mAh g-1 is obtained after 300 cycles at 500 mA g-1, which remains at 89.1%). In addition, an electrochemical test of coating an anode material on a stainless steel sheet has also been carried out, and the performance is comparable to that of traditional coating on copper foil (a reversible capacity of 531.7 mAh g-1 is collected, which retains 88.7% of initial capacity). The superior performance, facile one-step synthesis, and low cost of Mg-MOF-74/Cu show promise for practical applications.

18.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 477, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a kind of diffuse interstitial lung disease, the pathogenesis of which is unclear, and there is currently a lack of good treatment to improve the survival rate. Human menstrual blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MenSCs) have shown great potential in regenerative medicine. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential of MenSCs for bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: We investigated the transplantation of MenSCs in a pulmonary fibrosis mouse model induced by BLM. Mouse was divided into three groups: control group, BLM group, MenSC group. Twenty-one days after MenSC transplantation, we examined collagen content, pathological, fibrosis area in the lung tissue, and the level of inflammatory factors of serum. RNA sequence was used to examine the differential expressed gene between three groups. Transwell coculture experiments were further used to examine the function of MenSCs to MLE-12 cells and mouse lung fibroblasts (MLFs) in vitro. RESULTS: We observed that transplantation of MenSCs significantly improves pulmonary fibrosis mouse through evaluations of pathological lesions, collagen deposition, and inflammation. Transwell coculturing experiments showed that MenSCs suppress the proliferation and the differentiation of MLFs and inhibit the apoptosis of MLE-12 cells. Furthermore, antibody array results demonstrated that MenSCs inhibit the apoptosis of MLE-12 cells by suppressing the expression of inflammatory-related cytokines, including RANTES, Eotaxin, GM-CSF, MIP-1γ, MCP-5, CCL1, and GITR. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results suggested MenSCs have a great potential in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis, and cytokines revealed in antibody array are expected to become the target of future therapy of MenSCs in clinical treatment of pulmonary fibrosis.

19.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 6950206, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132756

RESUMO

The Chinese herbal medicine, Huzhen Tongfeng Formula (HZTF), derived from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practice, has recognized therapeutic benefits for gouty arthritis (GA). HZTF is currently in the late stage of approval process as a new anti-GA drug application. However, the underlying mechanism of HZTF as an antigout medication is unclear. In this study, we combined network pharmacology and experimental validation approaches to elucidate the mechanism of action of HZTF. First, the relative drug-disease target networks were constructed and analyzed for pathway enrichment. Potential pathways were then validated by in vitro and in vivo experiments. We found that 34 compounds from HZTF matched 181 potential drug targets. Topology analysis revealed 77 core targets of HZTF, which were highly related to gout, following screening of KEGG pathway enrichment. Further analysis demonstrated that the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway was the most relevant pathway involved in the mechanism of HZTF. Validation experiments showed that HZTF significantly inhibited the inflammatory cell infiltration into gouty joints, improved the swelling of affected joints, and increased the pain threshold. HZTF significantly reduced the transcription and production of various cytokines and inflammatory mediators in vitro. In particular, cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2, and 5-lipoxygenase were simultaneously downregulated. In conclusion, our study suggests that the antigout mechanism of HZTF is associated with the inhibition of the arachidonic acid pathway, resulting in the suppression of inflammatory cytokines and mediators. These findings extend our understanding of the pharmacological action of HZTF, rationalizing the application HZTF as an effective herbal therapy for GA.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143216, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213924

RESUMO

Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate factors influencing the yield of bio-oil from the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process of penicillin fermentation residue (PR). The reaction mechanism of the HTL was also studied. The hydrolysis of organic compounds in PR was enhanced, and the bio-oil yield increased with an increase of temperature. When the temperature rose from 280 °C to 320 °C, the yield of bio-oil decreased due to condensation and pyrolysis. Both the residence time and total solid content had effects on the bio-oil yield. The predicted values from the RSM model was in good agreement with the experimental values. Optimized conditions showed that the predicted value of the highest bio-oil yield was 25.91 wt%. The optimized reaction conditions were as follows: reaction temperature was 300 °C, residence time was 174 min, and total solid content was 18 wt%. The bio-oil was analyzed by GC-MS, and showed that it consisted mainly of hydrocarbons, nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds, and oxygen-containing compounds. Finally, the formation mechanism of these components and their possible reaction paths are presented and discussed. The results will provide useful guidance for regulating the characteristics of antibiotic residues, and realizing their further utilization as a chemical feedstock.

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