Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 817
Filtrar
1.
Cancer Sci ; 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932069

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from aberrant tumor metabolism could contribute to tumor invasion and metastasis. NAD(P)HX Epimerase (NAXE), an epimerase that allows the repair of damaged forms of antioxidant NADPH, is a potential cellular ROS scavenger and its role in tumor development is still elusive. Here, we found that NAXE is significantly downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cell lines. NAXE downregulation is associated with poor clinicopathological characteristics and is an independent risk factor for overall and disease-free survival of HCC patients after liver resection. In addition, low NAXE expression could identify worse prognosis of HCC patients before vascular invasion or in early stages of disease. In particularly, low NAXE expression in HCC is markedly associated with microvascular invasion (MVI) and its combination with MVI predicts poorer prognosis of HCC patients after liver resection. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo experiments both showed that knockdown of NAXE expression in HCC cells promoted migration, invasion, and metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), whereas NAXE overexpression causes the opposite effects. Mechanistically, low NAXE expression reduced NADPH levels and further caused ROS level increase and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activation, thereby promoting invasion and metastasis of HCC by facilitating EMT. What is more, the tumor-promoting effect of NAXE knockdown in HCC xenograft can be abolished by giving mice N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) in drinking water. Taken together, our findings uncovered a tumor suppressor role for NAXE in HCC by scavenging excessive ROS and inhibiting tumor-promoting signaling pathways, suggesting a new strategy for HCC therapy by targeting redox signaling.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial debilitating syndrome that directly accounts for more than 20% of cancer deaths while there is no effective therapeutic approach for treatment of cancer cachexia. Carnosol (CS) is a bioactive diterpene compound present in Lamiaceae spp., which has been demonstrated to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. But its effects on cancer cachexia and the possible mechanism remain a mystery. METHODS: The in vitro cell models of C2C12 myotube atrophy and 3T3-L1 mature adipocyte lipolysis were used to check the activities of CS and its synthesized analogues. C26 tumour-bearing BALB/c mice were applied as the animal model to examine their therapeutic effects on cancer cachexia in vivo. Levels of related signal proteins in both in vitro and in vivo experiments were examined using western blotting to study the possible mechanisms. RESULTS: Carnosol and its analogues [dimethyl-carnosol (DCS) and dimethyl-carnosol-D6 (DCSD)] alleviated myotube atrophy of C2C12 myotubes and lipolysis of 3T3-L1 adipocytes in vitro. Interestingly, CS and its analogues exhibited stronger inhibitive effects on muscle atrophy induced by tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (CS, P < 0.001; DCS, P < 0.001; DCSD, P < 0.001) in C2C12 myoblasts than on muscle atrophy induced by IL-6 (CS, P < 0.05; DCS, P = 0.08; DCSD, P < 0.05). In a C26 tumour-bearing mice model, administration of CS or its analogue DCSD significantly prevented body weight loss without affecting tumour size. At the end of the experiment, the body weight of mice treated with CS and DCSD was significantly increased by 11.09% (P < 0.01) and 11.38% (P < 0.01) compared with that of the C26 model group. CS and DCSD also improved the weight loss of epididymal adipose tissue in C26 model mice by 176.6% (P < 0.01) and 48.2% (P < 0.05) increase, respectively. CS and DCSD treatment partly preserved gastrocnemius myofibres cross-sectional area. CS treatment decreased the serum level of TNF-α (-95.02%, P < 0.01) but not IL-6 in C26 tumour-bearing mice. Inhibition on NF-κB and activation of Akt signalling pathway were involved in the ameliorating effects of CS and its analogues on muscle wasting both in vitro and in vivo. CS and its analogues also alleviated adipose tissue loss by inhibiting NF-κB and AMPK signalling pathways both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: CS and its analogues exhibited anticachexia effects mainly by inhibiting TNF-α/NF-κB pathway and decreasing muscle and adipose tissue loss. CS and its analogues might be promising drug candidates for the treatment of cancer cachexia.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(15): 5826-5835, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848163

RESUMO

Parastichy, the spiral arrangement of plant organs, is an example of the long-range apparent order seen in biological systems. These ordered arrangements provide scientists with both an aesthetic challenge and a mathematical inspiration. Synthetic efforts to replicate the regularity of parastichy may allow for molecular-scale control over particle arrangement processes. Here we report the packing of a supramolecular truncated cuboctahedron (TCO) into double-helical (DH) nanowires on a graphite surface with a non-natural parastichy pattern ascribed to the symmetry of the TCOs and interactions between TCOs. Such a study is expected to advance our understanding of the design inputs needed to create complex, but precisely controlled, hierarchical materials. It is also one of the few reported helical packing structures based on Platonic or Archimedean solids since the discovery of the Boerdijk-Coxeter helix. As such, it may provide experimental support for studies of packing theory at the molecular level.

5.
Theranostics ; 11(11): 5107-5126, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859737

RESUMO

Background: Pathological angiogenesis is the hallmark of many vision-threatening diseases. Anti-VEGF is a primary treatment with substantial beneficial effects. However, such agents require frequent intravitreal injections. Our previous work established a method for effectively modifying exosomes (EXOs) for loading therapeutic peptides. Here, we used this system to load the anti-angiogenic peptide KV11, aiming to establish an EXO-based therapy strategy to suppress neovascularization in the retina. Methods: Using an anchoring peptide, CP05, we linked KV11 to endothelial cell (EC) derived EXOs, yielding EXOKV11. We tested the delivery efficiency of EXOKV11 via two commonly used ocular injection methods: retro-orbital injection and intravitreal injection. Deploying an oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model and a VEGF injection model, we tested the effects of EXOKV11 on neovascular formation, EC proliferation, and vascular permeability. In vitro experiments were used to test the mechanism and to analyze the effects of EXOKV11 on EC proliferation, migration, and sprouting. Results: By using the EXO loading system, KV11 was more efficiently delivered to the blood vessels of the mouse retina via retro-orbital injection. In both OIR model and VEGF injection model, EXOKV11 was more effective than KV11 alone in inhibiting neovascularization and vessel leakage. The therapeutic effect of retro-orbital injection of EXOKV11 was comparable to the intravitreal injection of VEGF-trap. Mechanistically, KV11 alone inhibited VEGF-downstream signaling, while EXOKV11 showed a stronger effect. Conclusions: We used EXOs as a carrier for intraocular delivery of KV11. We showed that KV11 itself has an anti-angiogenic effect through retro-orbital injection, but that this effect was greatly enhanced when delivered with EXOs. Thus, this system has the potential to treat proliferative retinopathy via retro-orbital injection which is a less invasive manner compared with intravitreal injection.

6.
J Environ Manage ; 289: 112518, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839607

RESUMO

Energy and water resources are drawing increasing attention in China as indispensable elements of economic development and social stability. Energy and water are interconnected in economic systems. Although the nexus between them has been widely studied, few insights can be acquired by the intermediate transmission pressures across supply chains. Combing betweenness-based method and multi-regional input-output (MRIO) analysis, we, in this study, identified critical transmission sectors and main driving factors resulting from the usage structure. In details, we found that Metallurgy (S14) in Shandong, Henan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Hunan, and Jiangsu, Electricity and hot water production and supply (S22) in Beijing and Guizhou, and Nonmetal production (S13) in Henan are the most critical transmission sectors bearing energy-water nexus pressures, ranking at the top 100 in China's supply chain networks. Roughly, the usage structure was mainly dominated by fixed capital formation, urban household consumption and trade export, and therefore should be given priority to mitigate environmental pressures. Our study provides a novel perspective of sector-specific and province-typical policy recommendations for mitigating energy-water nexus pressures in China's supply chain networks.


Assuntos
Abastecimento de Água , Água , Pequim , China , Recursos Hídricos
7.
Opt Lett ; 46(7): 1624-1627, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793503

RESUMO

Ptychography is a predominant non-interferometric technique to image large complex fields but with quite a narrow working spectrum, because diffraction measurements require dense array detection with an ultra-high dynamic range. Here we report a single-pixel ptychography technique that realizes non-interferometric and non-scanning complex-field imaging in a wide waveband, where 2D dense detector arrays are not available. A single-pixel detector is placed in the far field to record the DC-only component of the diffracted wavefront scattered from the target field, which is illuminated by a sequence of binary modulation patterns. This decreases the measurements' dynamic range by several orders of magnitude. We employ an efficient single-pixel phase-retrieval algorithm to jointly recover the field's 2D amplitude and phase maps from the 1D intensity-only measurement sequence. No a priori object information is needed in the recovery process. We validate the technique's quantitative phase imaging nature using both calibrated phase objects and biological samples and demonstrate its wide working spectrum with both 488-nm visible light and 980-nm near-infrared light.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 353, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported the correlation between AXIN2 polymorphism and cancer risk, but the results seem not consistent. In order to get an overall, accurate and updated results about AXIN2 polymorphism and cancer risk, we conducted this study. METHODS: An updated analysis was performed to analyze the correlation between AXIN2 polymorphisms and cancer risk. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis was also used to show the associations. RESULTS: Seventy-two case-control studies were involved in the study, including 22,087 cases and 18,846 controls. The overall results showed rs11079571 had significant association with cancer risk (allele contrast model: OR = 0.539, 95%CI = 0.478-0.609, PAdjust = 0.025; homozygote model: OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.164-0.295, PAdjust< 0.001; heterozygote model: OR = 0.292, 95% CI = 0.216-0.394, PAdjust< 0.001; dominant model: OR = 0.249, 95% CI = 0.189-0.33, PAdjust< 0.001). The same results were obtained with rs1133683 in homozygote and recessive models (PAdjust< 0.05), and in rs35285779 in heterozygote and dominant models (PAdjust< 0.05). LD analysis revealed significant correlation between rs7210356 and rs9915936 in the populations of CEU, CHB&CHS, ESN and JPT (CEU: r2 = 0.91; CHB&CHS: r2 = 0.74; ESN: r2 = 0.62, JPT: r2 = 0.57), and a significant correlation between rs9915936 and rs7224837 in the populations of CHB&CHS, ESN and JPT (r2>0.5), between rs7224837 and rs7210356 in the populations of CEU, CHB&CHS, JPT (r2>0.5), between rs35435678 and rs35285779 in the populations of CEU, CHB&CHS and JPT (r2>0.5). CONCLUSIONS: AXIN2 rs11079571, rs1133683 and rs35285779 polymorphisms have significant correlations with overall cancer risk. What's more, two or more polymorphisms such as rs7210356 and rs9915936, rs9915936 and rs7224837, rs7224837 and rs7210356, rs35435678 and rs35285779 have significant correlation with cancer susceptibility in different populations.

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(6)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809435

RESUMO

In this research, the feasibility of using nano-montmorillonite (MMT) in asphalt binders was investigated in terms of rheological properties, thermomechanical properties, and chemical structure composition. Different doses of MMT were added to the base asphalt and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) asphalt as test subjects. The effect of nanomaterials on the high-temperature resistance of asphalt binders to permanent deformation was analyzed from dynamic mechanical rheology using the multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) test. The sessile drop method test based on surface free energy (SFE) theory was employed and thermodynamic parameters such as surface free energy, cohesive work, and adhesion work were calculated to analysis the change in energy of the asphalt binder. In addition, changes in the chemical structure and composition of the asphalt binder were examined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) tests. The results showed that MMT can effectively enhance the high-temperature elastic recovery and plastic deformation resistance of the asphalt binder. The intercalation structure produced in the asphalt binder enhanced the overall cohesive power and adhesion to the aggregate. The anchoring effect of the intercalation structure resulted in an increase in the macromolecular weight of the binder was demonstrated, indicating that MMT enhanced the overall intermolecular forces of the binder. In addition, the molecular crystal structure was characterized by characteristic functional groups in the infrared spectra, while demonstrating that no chemical reaction occurs during the modification of the binder by the nanomaterials.

10.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; : 108790, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812900

RESUMO

AIMS: The pathophysiological alteration of diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) in brain is unclear. Here we aimed to explore the metabolomic characteristics of brain in rats over the progression of DNP through metabolomic analysis. METHODS: Adult rats were randomly divided into control group and DNP group. Body weight, blood glucose and behavioral assessment of neuropathic pain were measured every week after streptozotocin (STZ) injection. Finally, the brains of 2 rats from control group and 6 rats from DNP group were removed every 4 weeks after STZ injection for metabolomics analysis. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of STZ-injection, the rats with diabetes developed DNP, which was characterized as mechanical allodynia and thermal nociception. As for metabolomic analysis, differentially expressed metabolites (DE metabolites) showed a dynamic alteration over the development of DNP and affected several KEGG pathways associated with amino acid metabolism. Furthermore, the expression of L-Threonine, L-Methionine, D-Proline, L-Lysine and N-Acetyl-L-alanine were significantly decreased at all time points of DNP group. The amino acids which were precursor of analgesic neurotransmitters were downregulated over the progression of DNP, including L-tryptophan, L-histidine and L-tyrosine. CONCLUSIONS: The impairment of amino acid metabolism in brain might contribute to the progression of DNP through decreasing analgesic neurotransmitters.

11.
Cancer Lett ; 506: 128-141, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705863

RESUMO

Metastasis remains the major obstacle of improving the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical to cancer metastasis. Successful induction of EMT requires dramatic cytoskeleton rearrangement. However, the significance of microtubule (MT), one of the core components of cell cytoskeleton, in this process remains largely unknown. Here we revealed that STMN2, an important MT dynamics regulator, is barely expressed in normal live tissues but markedly up-regulated in HCCs, especially in those with early recurrence. High STMN2 expression correlates with aggressive clinicopathological features and predicts poor prognosis of HCC patients. STMN2 overexpression in HCC cells promotes EMT, invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, whereas STMN2 knockdown has opposite results. Mechanistically, STMN2 modulates MTs disassembly, disrupts MT-Smad complex, and facilitates release from MT network, phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 even independent of TGFß stimulation, thereby enhancing TGFß signaling. Collectively, STMN2 orchestrates MT disassembly to facilitate EMT via TGF-ß signaling, providing a novel insight into the mechanisms underlying cancer metastasis. STMN2 is a promising prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for HCC.

12.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 135(7): 847-864, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755094

RESUMO

Metastasis is the main cause of poor postoperative survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Cytoskeleton rearrangement is a key event in cancer metastasis. However, the significance of microtubule (MT), one of the core components of cytoskeleton, in this process is only beginning to be revealed. Here, we find that the MT dynamics regulator end-binding protein 2 (EB2) is highly expressed in HCC and predicts poor prognosis of HCC patients. Functional studies show that EB2 overexpression promotes HCC proliferation, invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo, while EB2 knockdown has opposite results. Mechanistically, EB2 mediates MTs destabilization, increases Src (Src proto-oncogene non-receptor tyrosine kinase) activity, and thus facilitates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling activation, which could in turn promote EB2 expression in HCC, eventually resulting in enhanced HCC proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Furthermore, U0126, a specific ERK inhibitor, could effectively inhibit EB2-mediated HCC proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, EB2 coordinates MT cytoskeleton and intracellular signal transduction, forming an EB2-MT-ERK positive feedback loop, to facilitate HCC proliferation, invasion and metastasis. EB2 could serve as a promising prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for HCC; HCC patients with high EB2 expression may benefit from treatment with ERK inhibitors.

13.
J Anim Ecol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694188

RESUMO

In some situations, environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding is a more accurate tool for measuring species richness of a taxon than conventional methods. Whether this tool can reliably estimate the abundance of a taxon remains unresolved. We examined the reliability of metabarcoding for measuring anuran diversity compared to a commonly used traditional line transect method (TLTM) through the replicate sampling of three visits across 71 waterbodies (ponds or reservoirs) in Liuheng, China. We also investigated the relative contributions of species-specific characteristics and the physiochemical properties of a waterbody on the relative read count across species and waterbodies. We found that eDNA metabarcoding had a higher detection probability for each of seven anuran species found in the sampling region than TLTM. Furthermore, the relative read count estimated by metabarcoding was positively correlated with the density or relative density of individuals identified with the TLTM across waterbodies for every species. Species-specific characteristics of anurans, such as density, relative density, body mass, biomass and relative biomass, accounted for substantial variations in the read count across species and waterbodies, while physiochemical factors, including pH, temperature, water volume, vegetation and elevation, had little effect on the read count. Our results based on robust sampling suggest that metabarcoding enables more reliable and efficient measurements of anuran occurrence at a large scale during a short-term survey (within 15 days) than that obtained by the TLTM, and offers an alternative tool for quantifications of anuran abundance. Density or biomass is better and more reliable indicator of anuran abundance associated with read count than relative density or relative biomass.

14.
Cell Stem Cell ; 28(5): 846-862.e8, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784497

RESUMO

The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choriocapillaris (CC) complex in the eye is compromised in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and related macular dystrophies (MDs), yet in vitro models of RPE-CC complex that enable investigation of AMD/MD pathophysiology are lacking. By incorporating iPSC-derived cells into a hydrogel-based extracellular matrix, we developed a 3D RPE-CC model that recapitulates key features of both healthy and AMD/MD eyes and provides modular control over RPE and CC layers. Using this 3D RPE-CC model, we demonstrated that both RPE- and mesenchyme-secreted factors are necessary for the formation of fenestrated CC-like vasculature. Our data show that choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and CC atrophy occur in the absence of endothelial cell dysfunction and are not necessarily secondary to drusen deposits underneath RPE cells, and CC atrophy and/or CNV can be initiated systemically by patient serum or locally by mutant RPE-secreted factors. Finally, we identify FGF2 and matrix metalloproteinases as potential therapeutic targets for AMD/MDs.

15.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-6, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739220

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intracranial hemorrhage such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a rare but severe complication of spinal surgery. Current case reports of open lumbar surgery are typically accompanied by intraoperative dural tears and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. We report a case of non-aneurysmal SAH without CSF leakage after full endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (FE-TLIF). DESIGN: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 62-year-old male patient underwent FE-TLIF for L4/5 lumbar spinal stenosis. There was no intraoperative dural tear or postoperative CSF leakage. The patient reported neck pain immediately after the surgery. Around 12 h after the surgery, the patient complained of mild headaches. One day after the surgery, the patient reported severe headaches, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. CT showed a high-density shadow in part of the sulcus and cistern, suggesting SAH. No apparent neurological symptoms were present. The patient's condition improved after conservative treatment including bed rest, fluid infusions, and blood pressure control. Twelve days after the surgery, CT and MRA of the brain showed no hemorrhage and the patient was discharged. CONCLUSION: This case was among the first that developed SAH without CSF leakage after FE-TLIF. Although the underlying pathologic mechanism is unknown, epidural hypertension may be a possible cause of the hemorrhage. Timely CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations may help to detect this complication and initiate early treatment.

16.
Foods ; 10(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670310

RESUMO

To reveal the accumulation pattern of cyanogenic glycosides (amygdalin and prunasin) in bitter apricot kernels to further understand the metabolic mechanisms underlying differential accumulation during kernel development and ripening and explore the association between cyanogenic glycoside accumulation and the physical, chemical and biochemical indexes of fruits and kernels during fruit and kernel development, dynamic changes in physical characteristics (weight, moisture content, linear dimensions, derived parameters) and chemical and biochemical parameters (oil, amygdalin and prunasin contents, ß-glucosidase activity) of fruits and kernels from ten apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars were systematically studied at 10 day intervals, from 20 days after flowering (DAF) until maturity. High variability in most of physical, chemical and biochemical parameters was found among the evaluated apricot cultivars and at different ripening stages. Kernel oil accumulation showed similar sigmoid patterns. Amygdalin and prunasin levels were undetectable in the sweet kernel cultivars throughout kernel development. During the early stages of apricot fruit development (before 50 DAF), the prunasin level in bitter kernels first increased, then decreased markedly; while the amygdalin level was present in quite small amounts and significantly lower than the prunasin level. From 50 to 70 DAF, prunasin further declined to zero; while amygdalin increased linearly and was significantly higher than the prunasin level, then decreased or increased slowly until full maturity. The cyanogenic glycoside accumulation pattern indicated a shift from a prunasin-dominated to an amygdalin-dominated state during bitter apricot kernel development and ripening. ß-glucosidase catabolic enzyme activity was high during kernel development and ripening in all tested apricot cultivars, indicating that ß-glucosidase was not important for amygdalin accumulation. Correlation analysis showed a positive correlation of kernel amygdalin content with fruit dimension parameters, kernel oil content and ß-glucosidase activity, but no or a weak positive correlation with kernel dimension parameters. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the variance accumulation contribution rate of the first three principal components totaled 84.56%, and not only revealed differences in amygdalin and prunasin contents and ß-glucosidase activity among cultivars, but also distinguished different developmental stages. The results can help us understand the metabolic mechanisms underlying differential cyanogenic glycoside accumulation in apricot kernels and provide a useful reference for breeding high- or low-amygdalin-content apricot cultivars and the agronomic management, intensive processing and exploitation of bitter apricot kernels.

17.
Small ; : e2007994, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749108

RESUMO

Rhenium is one of the most valuable elements found in nature, and its capture and recycle are highly desirable for resource recovery. However, the effective and efficient collection of this material from industrial waste remains quite challenging. Herein, a tetraphenylmethane-based cationic polymeric network (CPN-tpm) nanotrap is designed, synthesized, and evaluated for ReO4 - recovery. 3D building units are used to construct imidazolium salt-based polymers with positive charges, which yields a record maximum uptake capacity of 1133 mg g-1 for ReO4 - collection as well as fast kinetics ReO4 - uptake. The sorption equilibrium is reached within 20 min and a kd value of 8.5 × 105 mL g-1 is obtained. The sorption capacity of CPN-tpm remains stable over a wide range of pH values and the removal efficiency exceeds 60% for pH levels below 2. Moreover, CPN-tpm exhibits good recyclability for at least five cycles of the sorption-desorption process. This work provides a new route for constructing a kind of new high-performance polymeric material for rhenium recovery and rhenium-contained industrial wastewater treatment.

18.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248671, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia has been proved to be associated with hospital mortality in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections. However, the detailed association of thrombocytopenia with subsequent progression of organ functions and long-term prognosis in critically ill COVID-19 patients remains to be explored. METHODS: Medical records of 167 confirmed cases of critically ill COVID-19 from February 16 to March 21, 2020 were collected in this two-center retrospective study. 180-day's outcome and clinical organ development in patients with thrombocytopenia and non-thrombocytopenia were analyzed. FINDINGS: Among all 167 patients, the median age was 66 years and 67.07% were male. Significant differences were noticed in laboratory findings including white blood cells, blood urea, total bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase and SOFA score between groups of thrombocytopenia and non-thrombocytopenia. Older age, lower platelet count and longer activated partial thromboplastin time at admission were determined to be risk factors of 28-day mortality, and all three, together with higher white blood cells were risk factors of 180-day mortality. Subsequent changes of six-point ordinal scale score, oxygenation index, and SOFA score in patients with thrombocytopenia showed marked worsening trends compared with patients without thrombocytopenia. Patients with thrombocytopenia had significantly higher mortality not only in 28 days, but also in 90 days and 180 days. The time-course curves in non-survival group showed a downtrend of platelet count and oxygenation index, while the curve of six-point ordinal scale kept an uptrend. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that patients with thrombocytopenia had much lower probability of survival (p<0.01). INTERPRETATION: The thrombocytopenia was associated with the deterioration of respiratory function. Baseline platelet count was associated with subsequent and long-term mortality in critically ill COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
/complicações , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Terminal , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , /isolamento & purificação
19.
Bioorg Chem ; 109: 104728, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636436

RESUMO

As a successful anti-tumor drug target, the family of histone deacetylases (HDACs) is also a critical player in immune response, making the research of anti-inflammatory HDAC inhibitors an attractive new focus. In this report, triterpenoids nigranoic acid (NA) and manwuweizic acid (MA) were identified as HDAC inhibitors through docking-based virtual screening and enzymatic activity assay. A series of derivatives of NA and MA were synthesized and assessed for their biological effects. As a result, hydroxamic acid derivatives of NA and MA showed moderately increased activity for HDAC1/2/4/6 inhibition (the lowest IC50 against HDAC1 is 1.14 µM), with no activity against HDAC8. In J774A.1 macrophage, compound 1-3, 13 and 17-19 demonstrated inhibitory activity against lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and IL-1ß production, without affecting cell viability. Compound 19 increased the histone acetylation level in J774A.1 cells, as well as inhibited IL-1ß maturation and caspase-1 cleavage. These results indicated that compound 19 blocks the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, probably related to HDAC inhibition. This work provided a natural scaffold for developing low-cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory HDAC inhibitors, as well as a class of tool molecules for studying the relationship between HDACs and NLRP3 activation.

20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(7): 1580-1588, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522535

RESUMO

Herein we disclosed a straightforward synthesis of oxazoline-fused saccharides (oxazolinoses) from peracetylated saccharides and benzonitriles under acidic conditions with stoichiometric amounts of water. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations have revealed the origin of the stereoselectivity and the key role of water in promoting the departure of the acetyl group at C-2. The resulting oxazolinoses can be concisely converted into the corresponding 1,2-cis glycosylamines bearing various protected groups, allowing the access to schisandrin derivatives.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...