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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17845, 2019 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780723

RESUMO

Prediction of marine conditions is notoriously challenging in the northern South China Sea (NSCS) due to inadequate observations in the region. The underwater gliders that were developed during the past decade may provide observing platforms that could produce required observations. During a field experiment, temperature/salinity (T/S) profiles from a set of underwater gliders were assimilated into a real-time marine forecasting system, along with the assimilation of climatological monthly mean Argo data to constrain the basin-wide model biases. The results show that, in addition to the reduction of the basin-wide model biases by the assimilation of the climatological monthly mean Argo data, the assimilation of glider-observed T/S profiles is efficient to reduce the local biases of the NSCS marine forecasting by as much as 28-31% (19-36%) in 24 h to 120 h forecasts for temperature (salinity) from sea surface to a depth of 1000 m. Our results imply that the real-time marine forecasting for the NSCS can largely benefit from a sustainable glider observing network of the NSCS in the future.

2.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15496, 2015 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26499262

RESUMO

Drag coefficient (Cd) is an essential metric in the calculation of momentum exchange over the air-sea interface and thus has large impacts on the simulation or forecast of the upper ocean state associated with sea surface winds such as storm surges. Generally, Cd is a function of wind speed. However, the exact relationship between Cd and wind speed is still in dispute, and the widely-used formula that is a linear function of wind speed in an ocean model could lead to large bias at high wind speed. Here we establish a parabolic model of Cd based on storm surge observations and simulation in the South China Sea (SCS) through a number of tropical cyclone cases. Simulation of storm surges for independent Tropical cyclones (TCs) cases indicates that the new parabolic model of Cd outperforms traditional linear models.

3.
Sci Rep ; 3: 1522, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23519311

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of where and when typhoons (or named hurricanes which form over the North Atlantic Ocean) will make landfall is critical to protecting human lives and properties. Although the traditional method of typhoon track prediction based on the steering flow theory has been proven to be an effective way in most situations, it slipped up in some cases. Our analysis of the long-term Chinese typhoon records reveals that typhoons, especially super typhoons (those with maximum sustained surface winds of greater than 51 ms(-1)), have a trend to make landfalls toward warmer land in China over the past 50 years (1960-2009). Numerical sensitivity experiments using an advanced atmospheric model further confirm this finding. Our finding suggests an alternative approach to predict the landfall tracks of the most devastating typhoons in the southeastern China.


Assuntos
Clima , Tempestades Ciclônicas , Modelos Teóricos , Oceano Atlântico , Atmosfera , China , Humanos , Vento
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