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1.
Food Chem ; 302: 125371, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437711

RESUMO

Dietary selenium deficiency is recognized as a global problem. Pork is the most widely consumed meat throughout the world and an important source of selenium for humans. In this study, a reliable approach was developed for analyzing selenium and its speciation in the muscles of pigs after different selenium treatments. The selenium source deposition efficiency was ranked as: selenomethionine > methylselenocysteine > selenite, and the muscle selenium content had a dose effect with selenomethionine supplementation. In total, four species of selenium were detected in the muscles of pigs and the distributions of these selenium species were greatly affected by the dietary selenium supplementation forms and levels. Selenomethionine (>70% of total selenium) and selenocystine (>11%) were the major selenium species, followed by methylselenocysteine and selenourea. Therefore, selenium-enriched pork produced from selenomethionine is a good source for improving human dietary selenium intake.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/química , Compostos de Selênio/farmacologia , Selênio/análise , Animais , Cistina/análogos & derivados , Cistina/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organosselênicos/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ácido Selenioso/farmacologia , Compostos de Selênio/análise , Selenocisteína/análogos & derivados , Selenocisteína/farmacologia , Selenometionina/análise , Selenometionina/farmacologia , Suínos , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ureia/análise
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134174, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499346

RESUMO

Subsurface wastewater infiltration systems (SWISs) have drawn much attention due to the lower operating costs, lower energy demands and absence of secondary pollutants requiring further treatment. The process of denitrification involves reduction of nitrate to nitrous oxide (N2O) and dinitrogen gas (N2). Though removal of nitrate is advantageous from a water quality perspective, N2O may contribute to adverse environmental effects. This study evaluated N2O emission at high C loading regimes. The results revealed that as the C load increased, N2O emission increased first and then decreased, indicating that carbon source was a limiting factor for the release of N2O from the denitrification process. Denitrification was the dominant process for the release of N2O at any of the given C loads. When the influent carbon load was in the range of 220-460 mg/L, the contribution of denitrification to N2O emissions came to 69.77-83.11% (feeding period) and 67.07-79.53% (rest period), respectively.

3.
Cornea ; 39(1): 118-121, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517721

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lubricin, a boundary lubricant, is the body's unique antiadhesive, antifibrotic, antifriction, and antiinflammatory glycoprotein. This amphiphile is produced by numerous tissues and acts to regulate a number of processes, such as homeostasis, shear stress, tissue development, innate immunity, inflammation, and wound healing. We hypothesize that lubricin is also synthesized and expressed by the amniotic membrane (AM), which also possesses antiadhesive, antifibrotic, and antiinflammatory properties. We also hypothesize that lubricin, at least in part, mediates these AM capabilities. Our goal was to test our hypothesis. METHODS: We obtained multiple samples of fresh, cryopreserved (CP), and freeze-dried (FD) human AMs, as well as fresh placental tissue as positive controls, and processed them for light microscopy, immunofluorescence, and western blot analyses. We also evaluated the ability of recombinant human lubricin to associate with FD-AMs. RESULTS: Our results demonstrate that all fresh placental, fresh AM, and CP-AM samples contained lubricin. Lubricin was expressed in placental chorionic villi, AM epithelial and stromal cells, and CP-AM epithelia. No lubricin could be detected in FD-AMs but could be restored in FD-AMs after overnight incubation with recombinant human lubricin. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports our hypothesis that lubricin is expressed in human AMs. In addition, our data show that preservation methods influence the extent of this expression. Indeed, the disappearance of lubricin in FD-AMs may explain why dried AM reportedly loses its antiinflammatory and antiscarring abilities. It is possible that lubricin may mediate, at least in part, many of the biological properties of AMs.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 3105-3116, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635654

RESUMO

The Z-scheme Bi2WO6/NaBiO3 nanocomposites were first fabricated by a facile hydrothermal method, and were then characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometer, Fourier-transform-infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption. The as-prepared Bi2WO6/NaBiO3 nanocomposites exhibit outstanding photocatalytic activity and recyclability. A 98.4% photodegradation of 2,3-dichlorophenol (50 mg·L-1) was attained in the presence of Bi2WO6/NaBiO3 (1:10) under the visible-light irradiation in 30 min. In particular, the photocatalytic mechanism has been discussed in detail, based on four aspects: (1) oxidative species, (2) photoelectrochemical performance, (3) conduction band and valence band energy levels and (4) possible transition states and reactions. In conclusion, O-2 is the main active oxidative species in the Bi2WO6/NaBiO3 nanocomposite. The material has higher photocurrent and visible light adsorption but lower electron-hole pairs recombination, which contributes to distinguished photocatalytic efficiency. The Z-scheme photocatalytic path was proposed and the possible degradation process and routes have been summarized.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2114-2121, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492219

RESUMO

Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are an important class of common pesticides. However, due to the abuse of organophosphorus pesticides, pesticide residue problems have been highlighted. In this study, the colorimetric detection method for OPs residues was established based on the broadspectrum aptamer. Through optimization, isocarbophos and omethoate were analyzed to verify the performance of the colorimetric assay. Under optimal conditions, the method proved effective for detecting an isocarbophos range of 50-1000 ng/mL and an omethoate range of 100-500 ng/mL. The protective effects of broad-spectrum aptamers and the split (28-mer P1+26-mer P2) aptamers on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were also comparatively studied. The present results suggested that the colorimetric assay based on broad-spectrum aptamer could be applied for a preliminary screening of different kinds of OPs.

6.
Clin Rehabil ; : 269215519889394, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate how fatigue, depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and life quality are influenced by the Internet-based self-management program (IBSMP) among cancer patients. DATA SOURCES: Eight databases (Cochrane Library, Ovid, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Chinese biomedical database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang) were systematically searched from inception to January 2019. METHODS: The aim of this study is to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) associated with the IBSMP among cancer-related fatigue (CRF) patients. Two reviewers independently screened 1128 records and selected 13 articles, including 1603 patients for inclusion. The quality of the evidence was assessed at the study level and at the outcome level. RESULTS: The meta-analysis showed that the IBSMP was effective for ameliorating fatigue and related symptoms among cancer survivors (the Brief Fatigue Index, relative risk = 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI; 0.69, 0.79), P < 0.01; the Cancer Fatigue Scale or the Multidimension Fatigue Scale, weighted mean difference = -10.15, 95% CI (-11.42, -8.89), P < 0.01; the Self-rating Anxiety scale, relative risk = 1.07, 95% CI (0.55, 2.05), P < 0.01; the Self-rating Depression scale, relative risk = 0.70, 95% CI (0.60, 0.81), P < 0.01; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, relative risk = 0.46, 95% CI (0.33, 0.62), P < 0.01; and the Function Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General scale or the Function Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast, weighted mean difference = 13.76, 95% CI (3.38, 24.14), P < 0.01.). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrates that the IBSMP, as one of the rehabilitation forms, can reduce the incidence of fatigue, depression, and anxiety and improve sleep quality and life quality among CRF patients.

7.
Biosci Rep ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793989

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy. Paclitaxel (PTX) is an effective first-line chemotherapy drug in GC treatment, but the resistance of PTX attenuates the therapeutic effect. Circular RNA circ-PVT1 can exert the oncogenic effect in GC. But the function of circ-PVT1 involved in PTX resistance of GC is still unknown. In the present study, the expression levels of circ-PVT1, miR-124-3p and ZEB1 in PTX-resistant GC tissues and cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). PTX resistance in PTX-resistant cells was assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The protein levels of Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1), P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and glutathione S-transferase (GST-π) were detected by western blot assay. Cell apoptosis and invasion were measured in PTX-resistant cells by flow cytometry and transwell invasion assays, severally. The interaction between miR-124-3p and circ-PVT1 or ZEB1 was predicted by starBase software, and then verified by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The role of circ-PVT1 in PTX resistance of GC in vivo was measured by xenograft tumor model. Our results showed that circ-PVT1 expression was upregulated in PTX-resistant GC tissues and cells. Circ-PVT1 downregulation enhanced PTX sensitivity in PTX-resistant GC cells by negatively regulating miR-124-3p. ZEB1 served as a direct target of miR-124-3p. Circ-PVT1 enhanced ZEB1 expression by sponging miR-124-3p. Circ-PVT1 knockdown increased PTX sensitivity of GC in vivo. Taken together, our studies disclosed that circ-PVT1 facilitated PTX resistance by upregulating ZEB1 mediated via miR-124-3p, suggesting an underlying therapeutic strategy for GC.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783493

RESUMO

The extensive use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) leads to a continuous increase of their presence in urban wastewater. These pollutants are discharged into natural waters and pose a threat to human health and the ecological environment. This study focused on five sewage treatment plants in three cities of China's Yangtze River Delta as research sites to study the distribution and degradation of drugs and their conversion products in wastewater. The concentration of target compounds in the water ranged from 0 to 510.8 ng/L, and both positive and negative removal rates occurred during the treatment. Acetaminophen (ACE) and ibuprofen (IPF) can be completely removed in the biological treatment stage. The addition of flocculants and sand filtration has a positive effect on the removal of naproxen (NPX) and bezafibrate (BZB). Ultraviolet disinfection is beneficial for the removal of antipyrine (ATP) and diclofenac (DCF). A small amount of PPCPs were found in the sludge and particulate matter, which had little effect on removal. Finally, the risk quotients were used to evaluate the harmfulness of the PPCPs detected in the effluent to the ecological environment, and the results showed that there was little hazard.

9.
ISA Trans ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784047

RESUMO

Extreme learning machine is a popular machine learning technique for single hidden layer feed-forward neural network. However, due to the assumption of equal misclassification cost, the conventional extreme learning machine fails to properly learn the characteristics of the data with skewed category distribution. In this paper, to enhance the representation of few-shot cases, we break down that assumption by assigning penalty factors to different classes, and minimizing the cumulative classification cost. To this end, a case-weighting extreme learning machine is developed on a sparse cost matrix with a diagonal form. To be more actionable, we formulate a multi-objective optimization with respect to penalty factors, and optimize this problem using an evolutionary algorithm combined with an error bound model. By doing so, this proposed method is developed into an adaptive cost-sensitive learning, which is guided by the relation between the generalization ability and the case-weighting factors. In a broad experimental study, our method achieves competitive results on benchmark and real-world datasets for software bug reports identification.

10.
Schizophr Res ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784339

RESUMO

Patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) consistently show prospective memory (PM) impairments, and the technique of implementation intentions has been shown to improve PM performance in these patients. PM is considered to have prospective and retrospective components. However, it remains unclear which component of PM is impaired in patients with SCZ and which component(s) is facilitated by implementation intentions (II). The present study aimed to examine these two issues. Forty-two patients with SCZ and 42 matched healthy controls were randomly assigned to an II group or a typical instruction group. All participants were administered a color-matching PM task. Results showed that, using a multinomial-modeling approach, patients with SCZ exhibited impairment in the retrospective component of PM. In addition, while II improved the prospective PM component in healthy controls, both prospective and retrospective PM components in patients with SCZ were improved. Together, our results shed light on the mechanism of PM impairment in SCZ patients and the mechanism of II in improving PM performance.

11.
Eye (Lond) ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of topical tacrolimus 0.1% and cyclosporine 1% on high-risk penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A series of 49 high-risk PKP patients (49 eyes), 20 males, 29 females from the age of 4 months to 74 years of age with the mean of 32.5 from 2012 to 2017 were recruited in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups by receiving either topical tacrolimus 0.1% or cyclosporine 1% respectively. Twenty five patients were treated with topical tacrolimus 0.1% and 24 patients with topical cyclosporine 1%. The traditional baseline management on these two groups were Tobramycin and Dexamethasone eye drops in the first 3 weeks and then tapered off. Clinical procedures and postoperative follow-up were documented. RESULTS: After 6-54 months follow-up, with the average of 24 months, 11 of 24 high-risk patients (11 eyes) had graft rejection, the rejection rate was 45.8% in topical cyclosporine 1% group. The rejections occurred from 35 days to 20 months after PKP. Three patients had irreversible rejection. On topical tacrolimus 0.1% group, the rejection occurred in four patients (four eyes) with rejection rate of 16%, and no irreversible rejection was observed. The graft rejection episodes were documented between 23 days and 24 months. As compared with the topical cyclosporine 1%, topical tacrolimus 0.1%, a key immunosuppressant, significantly decreased corneal graft rejection rate (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Topical tacrolimus 01% on high-risk PKP patients significantly prevented corneal graft rejection, and it had less adverse effects and was very safe to high-risk patients as to topical cyclosporine 1%. Further case controlled randomized clinical trial studies are needed to establish the best management option for these high-risk patients.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785025

RESUMO

Entrapping one to three metal atom(s) or a metallic cluster inside fullerene cages affords endohedral metallofullerenes (EMFs) classified as mono-EMFs, di-EMFs, tri-EMFs and cluster-EMFs, respectively. Although the coexistence of diverse EMF-species in the soot is common for rare earth metals, we herein report for the first time that europium tends to induce the preferential formation of mono-EMFs instead. Mass spectroscopy reveals that mono-EMFs (EuC 2n ) prevail in the Eu-containing soot. Theoretical calculations demonstrate that the encapsulation energy of the endohedral metal element accounts for the selective formation of the mono-EMFs and rationalize similar observations for EMFs containing other metals like Ca, Sr, Ba or Yb. Consistently, all the isolated Eu-EMFs are actually mono-EMFs including Eu@ D 3 h (1)-C 74 , Eu@ C 2 v (19138)-C 76 , Eu@ C 2 v (3)-C 78 , Eu@ C 2 v (3)-C 80 and Eu@ D 3 d (19)-C 84 which are identified by crystallography in this work. Remarkably, Eu@ C 2 v (19138)-C 76 represents as the first Eu-containing EMF with a cage that violates the isolated-pentagon-rule and Eu@ C 2 v (3)-C 78 is the first C 78 -based EMF stabilized by merely one metal atom.

13.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791554

RESUMO

Metabolic bone disease of prematurity remains a significant problem for preterm infants. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) has potential as a non-invasive tool for assessing bone health of newborns. The aim of this study was to assess bone health in preterm and term newborns using ultrasonic backscatter difference measurement. This study analyzed a total of 493 neonates, including 239 full-term infants (gestational age [GA] >37 wk), 201 preterm I infants (GA: 32-37 wk) and 53 extreme preterm II infants (GA <32 wk). Ultrasonic backscatter measurements were performed on the calcaneus of infants at birth, and the normalized mean of the backscatter difference spectrum (nMBD) was calculated as an ultrasonic index of neonatal bone status. Simple and multiple linear regressions were performed to determine the association of ultrasonic nMBD with GA, anthropometric characteristics and biochemical markers. Statistically significant differences in GA, anthropometric characteristics (birth weight, birth length [BL], birth head circumference and body mass index [BMI]) and biochemical markers (alkaline phosphatase, serum calcium and serum phosphate) were observed among preterm and term infants. The nMBD for term infants (median = 3.72 dB/µs, interquartile range [IR] = 1.95 dB/µs) was significantly higher than that for preterm I infants (median = 1.95 dB/µs, IR = 3.12 dB/µs), which was, in turn, significantly higher than that for preterm II infants (median = 0.19 dB/µs, IR = 3.50 dB/µs). The nMBD yielded moderate correlations (ρ = 0.57-0.62, p < 0.001) with GA and anthropometric characteristics and weak correlations (|ρ| = 0.08-0.21, p < 0.001 or not significant) with biochemical markers. Multivariate regressions revealed that only BL (p = 0.002) and BMI (p = 0.032) yielded significantly independent contributions to the nMBD measurement, and combinations of BL and BMI could explain up to 42% of the variation of nMBD in newborn infants. This study found that ultrasonic backscatter difference measurement might be helpful in bone health evaluation in preterm and term newborns. The utility of ultrasonic backscatter measurement in diagnosis of metabolic bone disease in infants should be investigated further.

14.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794414

RESUMO

A major assumption for constructing an effective adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is that sufficient training data are available. However, in many real-world applications, this assumption may not hold, thereby requiring alternative approaches. In light of this observation, this article focuses on automated construction of ANFISs in an effort to enhance the potential of the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy regression models for situations where only limited training data are available. In particular, the proposed approach works by interpolating a group of fuzzy rules in a certain given domain with the assistance of existing ANFISs in its neighboring domains. The construction process involves a number of computational mechanisms, including a rule dictionary which is created by extracting the rules from the existing ANFISs; a group of rules which are interpolated by exploiting the local linear embedding algorithm to build an intermediate ANFIS; and a fine-tuning method which refines the resulting intermediate ANFIS. The experimental evaluation on both synthetic and real-world datasets is reported, demonstrating that when facing the data shortage situations, the proposed approach helps significantly improve the performance of the original ANFIS modeling mechanism.

15.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA119026951, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795899

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- 1/2ABC has been used widely for assessing the volume of intracerebral hematoma. However, it is only suitable for calculating regular and small volume hematomas. Therefore, we re-explored the formula of hematoma volume to find a method that can calculate hematoma volumes accurately, reliably, and quickly. Methods- Computed tomography imaging data of 257 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage were collected. Hematoma volumes were estimated using 3-dimensional Slicer and 7 formulas (π/6ABC, 1/2ABC, 1/3ABC, 2/3SH, 1/2SH, π/6SH, and 2.5/6ABC). Taking the hematoma volumes measured by 3-dimensional Slicer as the reference standard, the accuracy and reliability of the 7 formulas were evaluated. Furthermore, the time needed to calculate hematoma volumes by the 1/2SH method was noted for further analysis. Results- (1) The accuracy of the 7 formulas based on the error analysis from the highest to the lowest was: π/6SH, 1/2SH, 2.5/6ABC, 1/3ABC, 1/2ABC, and π/6ABC or 2/3SH. According to concordance analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the results from the highest to lowest were as follows: 1/2SH, π/6SH, 2.5/6ABC, 1/3ABC, 1/2ABC, 2/3SH, and π/6ABC. After categorizing cases according to size, shape, and location of hematoma, the results were almost the same as the results for overall accuracy evaluation in any subgroup. (2) Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 1/2SH in intra and inter-researcher were 0.998 and 0.989, respectively. For the formula π/6SH, intraclass correlation coefficient was the same as that of 1/2ABC. Kappa values of 1/2SH for intra- and inter-observer were 0.992 and 0.913, respectively. For π/6SH, kappa values of within- and between-reader were 0.984 and 0.904, respectively. (3) The average time taken to calculate hematoma volumes by 1/2SH was 74 seconds. Conclusions- The 1/2SH and π/6SH are accurate, reliable, and rapid methods for calculating hematoma volumes. The accuracy and reliability of 1/2SH were slightly higher than those of π/6SH.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797663

RESUMO

Enhancement of integrity and stability of crystal lattice are highly challenging for poly-crystalline perovskite films. In this work, a nickel (Ni) ions incorporation strategy is presented to modulate the crystal structure of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite film. A broad range of experimental characterizations reveal that the incorporation of Ni ions can substantially eliminate the intrinsic halide vacancy defects since Ni ions have a strong preference for octahedral coordination with halide ions, resulting in improved integrity and short-range order of crystal lattice significantly. Moreover, it is also demonstrated that the stronger chemical bonding interaction between Ni ions and halide ions as well as organic group can improve the stability of perovskite material. Simultaneously, the surface morphology of perovskite thin film is also improved by incorporation of nickel ions. As a result, the 1.5% Ni-incorporated planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell exhibits a power conversion efficiency of 18.82%, which is improved by 25% compared with 14.92% for the pristine device. Simultaneously, the 1.5% Ni- incorporated device shows remarkable stability with 90% of the initial efficiency after storage in air environment for 800 h. The studies provide a new insight for metal-incorporated perovskite materials for various optoelectronic applications.

17.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1207-1212, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of cetrorelix and ganirelix in gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH-ant) cycles for preventing premature luteinizing hormone (LH) surges and on clinical outcomes of IVF-ET cycles. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2572 GnRH-ant cycles of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer from January, 2013 to December, 2016, including 1368 cycles with cetrorelix treatment and 1204 cycles with ganirelix treatment. The baseline characteristics of the patients and the clinical outcomes of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: Compared with those receiving ganirelix treatment, the patients with cetrorelix treatment had a significantly younger age (33.10 vs 33.89 years, P < 0.001) and a lower body mass index (21.57 vs 21.84 kg/m2, P=0.024). After adjustment for age and body mass index of the patients, no significant differences were found between the two groups in the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), LH, estradiol (E2), progesterone (P) levels either at the baseline or on the day of hCG triggering, or in the number of oocytes retrieved (P > 0.05). The two groups also had comparable percentages of patients with LH > 10 U/L on the day of hCG triggering (3.7% vs 3.2%) and similar spontaneous ovulation rate (0.6% vs 0.5%), clinical pregnancy rate (47.7% vs 45.9%) and live birth rate (37.5% vs 33.6%) following fresh embryo transfer (P > 0.05). The incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, however, was significantly higher in ganirelix group than in cetrorelix group (0.7% vs 0.1%, P=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Cetrorelix and ganirelix can achieve comparable effects for preventing premature LH surges and can achieve similar clinical outcomes of GnRH-ant cycles, but ganirelix is associated with a significantly higher incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18125, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional constipation (FC) is a prevalent clinical disease that affects a considerable proportion of the population of all ages. Persistent FC significantly reduces quality of life and influences physical and emotional well-being, as well as consumes many substantial healthcare resources. Acupuncture originates from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and emerging evidence of several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published suggest that acupuncture has positive effects for FC. Since 2019, several new results of high quality RCTs about acupuncture treatment for FC have been published. Thus a systematic review will be designed to appraise the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for improvement of FC in patients based on high quality RCTs. METHODS: We carried out a rigorous literature search in English and Chinese electronic database from inception to present. Two reviewers will identify relevant studies, extract and manage trial information, and then assess the risk of bias in included studies by the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. Only high quality RCTs will be included. Data will be synthesized by either fixed-effects or random-effects model regarding to a heterogeneity test. The primary outcome measurement will be the change from baseline in mean complete spontaneous bowel movements and stool form. The secondary outcomes involved disappearance rate of symptoms, proportion of responders, mean transit time, health-related quality of life, and safety of intervention. Meta-analysis will be performed by using Cochrane's RevMan software. RESULTS: This systematic review will summarize high quality clinical evidence to assess and appraise the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture treatment for FC patient. EXPECTED CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide evidence to determine whether acupuncture treatment is an effective and safe therapy for the prevention and treatment of FC compared with medication treatment.

19.
BMC Evol Biol ; 19(1): 202, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the origin of genetic variation is the key to predict how species will respond to future climate change. The genus Quercus is a species-rich and ecologically diverse woody genus that dominates a wide range of forests and woodland communities of the Northern Hemisphere. Quercus thus offers a unique opportunity to investigate how adaptation to environmental changes has shaped the spatial genetic structure of closely related lineages. Furthermore, Quercus provides a deep insight into how tree species will respond to future climate change. This study investigated whether closely related Quercus lineages have similar spatial genetic structures and moreover, what roles have their geographic distribution, ecological tolerance, and historical environmental changes played in the similar or distinct genetic structures. RESULTS: Despite their close relationships, the three main oak lineages (Quercus sections Cyclobalanopsis, Ilex, and Quercus) have different spatial genetic patterns and occupy different climatic niches. The lowest level and most homogeneous pattern of genetic diversity was found in section Cyclobalanopsis, which is restricted to warm and humid climates. The highest genetic diversity and strongest geographic genetic structure were found in section Ilex, which is due to their long-term isolation and strong local adaptation. The widespread section Quercus is distributed across the most heterogeneous range of environments; however, it exhibited moderate haplotype diversity. This is likely due to regional extinction during Quaternary climatic fluctuation in Europe and North America. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variations of sections Ilex and Quercus were significantly predicted by geographic and climate variations, while those of section Cyclobalanopsis were poorly predictable by geographic or climatic diversity. Apart from the different historical environmental changes experienced by different sections, variation of their ecological or climatic tolerances and physiological traits induced varying responses to similar environment changes, resulting in distinct spatial genetic patterns.

20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(40): 6077-6093, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central sensitization plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of chronic pain induced by chronic pancreatitis (CP). We hypothesized that the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), a primary central site that integrates pancreatic afferents apart from the thoracic spinal dorsal horn, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity in a rat model of CP. AIM: To investigate the role of the NTS in the visceral hypersensitivity induced by chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: CP was induced by the intraductal injection of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) in rats. Pancreatic hyperalgesia was assessed by referred somatic pain via von Frey filament assay. Neural activation of the NTS was indicated by immunohistochemical staining for Fos. Basic synaptic transmission within the NTS was assessed by electrophysiological recordings. Expression of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGluTs), N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B), and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor subtype 1 (GluR1) was analyzed by immunoblotting. Membrane insertion of NR2B and GluR1 was evaluated by electron microscopy. The regulatory role of the NTS in visceral hypersensitivity was detected via pharmacological approach and chemogenetics in CP rats. RESULTS: TNBS treatment significantly increased the number of Fos-expressing neurons within the caudal NTS. The excitatory synaptic transmission was substantially potentiated within the caudal NTS in CP rats (frequency: 5.87 ± 1.12 Hz in CP rats vs 2.55 ± 0.44 Hz in sham rats, P < 0.01; amplitude: 19.60 ± 1.39 pA in CP rats vs 14.71 ± 1.07 pA in sham rats; P < 0.01). CP rats showed upregulated expression of VGluT2, and increased phosphorylation and postsynaptic trafficking of NR2B and GluR1 within the caudal NTS. Blocking excitatory synaptic transmission via the AMPAR antagonist CNQX and the NMDAR antagonist AP-5 microinjection reversed visceral hypersensitivity in CP rats (abdominal withdraw threshold: 7.00 ± 1.02 g in CNQX group, 8.00 ± 0.81 g in AP-5 group and 1.10 ± 0.27 g in saline group, P < 0.001). Inhibiting the excitability of NTS neurons via chemogenetics also significantly attenuated pancreatic hyperalgesia (abdominal withdraw threshold: 13.67 ± 2.55 g in Gi group, 2.00 ± 1.37 g in Gq group, and 2.36 ± 0.67 g in mCherry group, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that enhanced excitatory transmission within the caudal NTS contributes to pancreatic pain and emphasize the NTS as a pivotal hub for the processing of pancreatic afferents, which provide novel insights into the central sensitization of painful CP.

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