Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 93
Filtrar
1.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 884741, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936769

RESUMO

Depression increases the risk of progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia, where impaired emotion regulation is a core symptom of depression. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the decreased emotion regulation in individuals with MCI combined with depressive symptoms are not precise. We assessed the behavioral performance by emotion regulation tasks and recorded event-related electroencephalography (EEG) signals related to emotion regulation tasks simultaneously. EEG analysis, including event-related potential (ERP), event-related spectral perturbation (ERSP), functional connectivity and graph theory, was used to compare the difference between MCI individuals and MCI depressed individuals in behavioral performance, the late positive potential (LPP) amplitudes, neural oscillations and brain networks during the processing of emotional stimuli. We found that MCI depressed individuals have negative preferences and are prone to allocate more attentional resources to negative stimuli. Results suggested that theta and alpha oscillations activity is increased, and gamma oscillations activity is decreased during negative stimulus processing in MCI depressed individuals, thus indicating that the decreased emotion regulation in MCI depressed individuals may be associated with enhanced low-frequency and decreased high-frequency oscillations activity. Functional connectivity analysis revealed a decrease in functional connectivity in the left cerebral hemisphere of the alpha band and an increase in functional connectivity in the right cerebral hemisphere of the alpha band in MCI depressed individuals. Graph theory analysis suggested that global network metrics, including clustering coefficients and disassortative, decreased, while nodal and modular network metrics regarding local nodal efficiency, degree centrality, and betweenness centrality were significantly increased in the frontal lobe and decreased in the parieto-occipital lobe, which was observed in the alpha band, further suggesting that abnormal alpha band network connectivity may be a potential marker of depressive symptoms. Correlational analyses showed that depressive symptoms were closely related to emotion regulation, power oscillations and functional connectivity. In conclusion, the dominant processing of negative stimuli, the increased low-frequency oscillations activity and decreased high-frequency activity, so as the decrease in top-down information processing in the frontal parieto-occipital lobe, results in the abnormality of alpha-band network connectivity. It is suggested that these factors, in turn, contribute to the declined ability of MCI depressed individuals in emotion regulation.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(3): 1296-1306, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258193

RESUMO

NMHCs concentrations and VOCs components were sampled from 12 typical catering units in Sichuan Province. Combined with literature data, the cooking source profile containing 117 VOCs was established comprehensively, and the NMHCs emission factors were obtained. Based on the bottom-up research method, the volatile organic compounds emission inventory of cooking sources in Sichuan Province was established. The results showed that the oxygen and alkane groups were the most important components for Sichuan cuisine, barbecue, and canteen, and the total proportion of the two groups was greater than 75%. The main VOCs species were ethanol, formaldehyde, ethane, hexanal, ethylene, 1,3-butadiene, and acrolein. Oxygen-containing components contributed the most to OFP, followed by olefin. The major OFP contributors were formaldehyde, ethylene, ethanol, 1,3-butadiene, acrolein, hexanal, etc. In 2019, the VOCs emissions and OFP values of cooking sources in Sichuan Province were 32kt and 141kt, respectively, accounting for approximately 5% of the anthropogenic VOCs emissions and OFP values in Sichuan Province. The VOCs emission from cooking may have an important contribution to ozone formation, which means more attention should be paid to cooking.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Culinária , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044904

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-sporulating, yellow-pigmented and rod or cocci-shaped bacterium, designated Arc0846-15T, was isolated from the kelp Laminaria japonica. Strain Arc0846-15T was found to grow at 16-35 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2 %). Cells were positive for catalase and negative for oxidase activity. Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, revealed that the nearest phylogenetic neighbour strains of strain Arc0846-15T were Ornithinimicrobium murale 01 Gi-040T (96.2 %), Ornithinimicrobium kibberense K22-20T (96.1 %) and Ornithinimicrobium humiphilum HKI 0124T (95.2 %). Based on phylogenomic analysis, the average nucleotide identity values between strain Arc0846-15T and the neighbour strains were 69.8, 69.7 and 69.8 %, respectively; the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain Arc0846-15T and its three closest neighbour strains were 18.8, 19.1 and 19.3 %, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8 (H4). The dominant cellular fatty acids were C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 0. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, glycolipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain Arc0846-15T was 61.6 mol% based on the whole genome sequence. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain Arc0846-15T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, for which the name Ornithinimicrobium laminariae sp. nov. is proposed, with Arc0846-15T (=KCTC 49655T=MCCC 1K06093T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Kelp , Laminaria , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Kelp/microbiologia , Laminaria/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 295-305, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989514

RESUMO

The hydrodynamics and environmental factors in the Xiangxi River (XXR) and Shennong River (SNR), which are tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR), were monitored from July to August (the low water level period) and in October (the impoundment period) in 2018. The vertical distribution characteristics of chlorophyll a and other indicators of the two tributaries were analyzed during the different operation periods, and the factors that affected the vertical distribution in each period were discussed. The results showed that the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen, water temperature, pH value, and chlorophyll a of the XXR and SNR during the low water level period was relatively consistent. The indexes 0-10 m (0-5 m for chlorophyll a) from the surface of the XXR and SNR, respectively, showed significant stratification and decreased with increasing water depth; the stability index of thermal stratification (RWCS/H) was 13.71-29.07 m-1, which was stable. After the water depth reached 10 m (5 m for chlorophyll a), the indexes tended to be stable along the water depth. During the impoundment period, there was no obvious stratification for each index; the stability index of thermal stratification was 0-0.5 m-1, the stability of the water body was weak, and the vertical variation of each index was relatively stable. The comprehensive trophic state index (TLI) of the XXR and SNR were 55 and 53 during the low water level period, respectively, indicating that they were in a slightly eutrophic state, and 39 and 46 during the impoundment period, respectively, indicating a mesotrophic state. Linear regression analysis showed that chlorophyll a, dissolved oxygen, water temperature, and pH in the two tributaries were significantly correlated in the vertical direction in the low water level period, indicating that dissolved oxygen, water temperature stratification, and pH were important factors affecting the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a. During the impoundment period, a large amount of backflow from the Yangtze River, a large fluctuation in tributary water level, and the decrease in RWCS/H were the important factors that affected the small vertical change in the water body. The enhancement of vertical mixing and the decrease in Zeu/Zmix were the key factors affecting the nutritional status of the water.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Clorofila/análise , Clorofila A , Monitoramento Ambiental , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(12)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904941

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultative anaerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain NR704-98T, was isolated from marine sediment of the northern South China Sea. Cells were positive for oxidase and catalase activity. Growth was observed at 4-30 °C (optimum 20-25 °C), at pH 6-9 (pH 7) and with 0.5-7 % NaCl (2 %). The 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain NR704-98T were Shewanella woodyi MS32T (97.9 %), Shewanella hanedai 281T (97.1 %), Shewanella sediminis HAW-EB3T (96.8 %) and Shewanella canadensis HAW-EB2T (96.7 %). Based on the results of phylogenomic analysis, the average nucleotide identity and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NR704-98T and the previously mentioned type strains of species of the genus Shewanella were in the range of 74.9-93.1 % and 20.6-51.4 %, respectively. The respiratory quinones were Q-7 and Q-8. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) of strain NR704-98T were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0. Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminophospholipids and five unidentified lipids were detected in strain NR704-98T. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain NR704-98T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella nanhaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NR704-98T (=KCTC 82799T=MCCC 1K06091T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Shewanella , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella/classificação , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
World J Pediatr ; 17(6): 643-652, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716893

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To improve compliance with voiding diaries in children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE), a new modified 3-day weekend frequency-volume chart (FVC) was designed, and the compliance and validity of this modified FVC was evaluated by comparing with the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) recommended voiding diary. METHODS: A total of 1200 patients with PMNE were enrolled in the study from 13 centers in China and were randomly assigned to record this modified FVC or the ICCS-recommended voiding diary. The primary outcome measure was the compliance, assessed by comparing the completing index and the quality score of diaries between two groups. The secondary outcome measure was the validity, evaluated by comparing the constituent of subtypes, micturition parameters and response rate to desmopressin. RESULTS: Among the 1200 participants enrolled in the study, 447 patients completed the ICCS-recommended voiding diary and 469 completed the modified diary. The diurnal completing index and the quality score of the modified FVC group were better than those of the ICCS group. In addition, there was no significant difference between these two groups in the subtype classification, or in the response rate to desmopressin. CONCLUSIONS: The modified FVC could be applied to obtain the voiding characteristics of children with PMNE as the ICCS-recommended voiding diary does and offers a reasonable and better choice for children with PMNE from the unselected population in the future.


Assuntos
Enurese Noturna , Criança , China , Humanos , Enurese Noturna/diagnóstico , Enurese Noturna/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4611-4620, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581103

RESUMO

To study the characteristics of O3 pollution and identify the key precursors for O3 formation in Chengdu in spring, O3 concentrations in April between 2016 and 2018 were analyzed, and on-line measurements of O3 and the precursors(VOCs and NOx) were also studied at an urban site. The results showed that the O3 pollution level in April increased year by year, and diurnal variations showed a unimodal distribution. When the ambient temperature was more than 20℃, the wind speed was between 1 and 1.5 m·s-1, and the relative humidity was less than 65%, the probability of O3 pollution occurring in April was more than 80%. In April 2018, the average concentrations of NOx and VOCs during O3 pollution days were 2.3-times and 2-times higher than non-pollution days. Furthermore, an OBM method was used to calculate the RIR values of different ozone precursors. This showed that the RIR values of anthropogenic VOCs, CO, biogenic VOCs, and NOx for ozone were 2.4, 0.87, 0.06, and -2.6, respectively, indicating that O3 formation in Chengdu was generally VOC-limited. The RIR values of the VOC species showed that m/p-xylene, ethylene, trans-2-butane, propylene, o-xylene, toluene, acetone, isoprene, isopentane, and n-butane were the key active VOC species of ozone formation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ozônio/análise , Estações do Ano , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
8.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 107(6): 1202-1207, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291316

RESUMO

Lime is one of the commonly used amendments for acidic soils. The reasonable application of lime can effectively improve the current status of acid tailings and reduce harm to the environment. In this study, we analyzed the pH alternation of acid tin tailing as a function of lime dose based on three methods-single titration method, K-bicarbonate titration method, and buffer curve method-to predict the accurate lime requirement (LR) in acid tin tailing treatments. Of these prediction methods, the buffer curve method was best suited for the prediction of lime dose, and the prediction values agreed with the experimental data by factors of 1.0‒1.4. Thus, we determined that the buffer curve method was more suitable for predicting the lime requirement of acid tailings. This study of acid tailings lime requirement provides scientific research for the subsequent modification of tailings.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Compostos de Cálcio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Óxidos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Estanho
9.
Nanoscale ; 13(20): 9172-9176, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982740

RESUMO

There have been many new methods for synthesizing novel nanomaterials with unique functions. Herein, a novel strategy to form fluorescent nanoparticles in situ has been developed, and it can be applied to efficiently sense Hg2+ in living cells and also separate Hg2+ from water.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 688-698, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742863

RESUMO

A comparative analysis of phosphate occurrence and its genesis during different dispatching periods of representative level I tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir was conducted. For this, water quality, hydrodynamic force, and environmental data were examined for backwater areas of the Xiangxi River and Shennong River during the low-water-level period (June), storage period (September) and high-water-level period (December) in 2018. The results suggest that the mass concentration of total phosphorus (TP) in the water body of the coves of Xiangxi River and Shennong River range from 0.049 mg·L-1 to 0.168 mg·L-1 and 0.059 mg·L-1 to 0.152 mg·L-1, respectively, surpassing the 0.02 mg·L-1 threshold for algal blooms. The mass concentration of TP, DP (orthophosphate), and PP (particulate phosphorus) in the coves of the tributaries were ranked as follows:storage period > high-water-level period > low-water-level period for TP; storage period > low-water-level period > high-water-level period for DP; low-water-level period > high-water-level period > storage period for PP. Based on Pearson's correlation coefficients, TP and DP were significantly correlated as well as temperature and pH, which are the key factors influencing the phosphorus in soils and sediments in the water-level-fluctuation zone. During the low-water-level and high-water-level periods of the Three Gorges Reservoir, the TP in the coves of the tributaries mainly exists as PP, accounting for more than 75% and 60%, respectively. The flow in the coves of the tributaries slows during storage periods, meaning that settlement of PP is enhanced, changing the dominance of TP to dissolved total phosphorus (DTP).

11.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(1): 12-23, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is a new technique with many potential technical advantages. Laparoscopy-assisted taTME is a combination of transabdominal taTME and transluminal endoscopic surgery taTME. Laparoscopy-assisted taTME is a combination of techniques such as minimally invasive surgery, intersphincter-assisted resection, natural orifice extraction, ta minimally invasive surgery, and ultralow-level preservation of the anus. AIM: To verify the feasibility and safety of an innovative technique of taTME for treatment of cancer located in the lower rectum. METHODS: From January 2016 to March 2018, we attempted to perform laparoscopy-assisted taTME surgery in 24 patients with lower rectal cancer. RESULTS: The new technique of laparoscopy-assisted taTME was successfully performed in all 24 patients. Mean operating time was 310.0 min and mean intraoperative blood loss was 69.1 mL. The mean time to passing of first flatus was 3.1 d, and mean postoperative hospital stay was 9.2 d. Two patients were given postoperative analgesics due to anal pain. Twenty-three patients were able to walk in first 2 d, and five patients had postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy-assisted taTME is suitable for selected patients with lower rectal cancer, and this technique is worthy of further recommendation.

12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 118: 111358, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254978

RESUMO

Paraquat, one of non-selective herbicides, is widely used in agricultural production. However, it can cause death of people or animals quickly owing to its fatal toxicity. In the present work, for efficient separation and removal of the paraquat, a concept "employ collaboration effect to enhance the Host-Guest interactions" was rationally introduced into the design of paraquat adsorbent material. According to this concept, a novel linear tri-pillar[5]arene-based acceptor molecule was synthesized. Interestingly, the acceptor shows outstanding adsorption properties for paraquat through the collaboration effect of the adjacent pillar[5]arene moieties in the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor. Compared with other adsorbents such as activated carbon and single-pillar[5]arene-based adsorbent materials, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor shows higher adsorption rate for paraquat. Additionally, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor was applied to adsorb the commercial pesticide paraquat sample in water with adsorption rate of 98%. Therefore, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor could serve as a paraquat adsorbent material and convey greatly potential application in the field of removal of paraquat. The concept "employ collaboration effect to enhance the Host-Guest interactions" is a useful way for the development of adsorption materials.


Assuntos
Calixarenos , Herbicidas , Animais , Paraquat , Água
13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5306-5315, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374046

RESUMO

The ambient concentration of 122 volatile organic compound (VOC) species were continuously measured in urban Hangzhou, China from May 2018 to April 2019. The average mixing ratio of VOCs was (59.4±23.6)×10-9 and the oxygenated VOCs (OVOC) were the largest component. There was no clear "weekend effect" in urban Hangzhou, while the concentration of VOCs had a sharp decrease during long holidays. The concentration of VOCs had a positive correlation with air quality index (AQI) and reached the highest level when the primary pollutant was PM2.5. The assessment results of atmospheric chemical reactivity with·OH radical loss rate (L·OH) and ozone formation potential (OFP) showed the average value of L·OH was 7.5 s-1 and that of OFP was 152.1×10-9, among which carbonyl compounds, aromatics, and alkenes were the most abundant components. The overall chemical reactivity level of VOCs in Hangzhou was equivalent to 2-methylpentane. The average value of toluene/benzene (T/B) was 1.95, which implied the ambient VOCs in Hangzhou were influenced by vehicle exhaust. Secondary formation (17.6%), combustion (11.8%), industrial processing (12.3%), solvent use (18.1%), biogenic source (4.5%), and vehicle exhaust (35.7%) were identified as six major sources of VOCs in Hangzhou through the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model.

14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5316-5324, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374047

RESUMO

In the research, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were observed online in urban areas of Chengdu to study VOC concentration level, change characteristics, ozone generation contribution (OFP), and source contribution from June to September 2019. The results showed that the average concentration of TVOCs (total volatile organic compounds) was 112.66 µg·m-3, with alkanes (29.51%) and halogenated hydrocarbons (23.23%) forming the main components. The diurnal peak in VOCs mainly occurred from 10:00 am to 11:00 am, which is affected by urban motor vehicles, oil or gas volatilization, and industrial emissions. For OFP contribution of VOCs in summer, the contribution rate of aromatic hydrocarbons (42.7%) was the highest, followed by alkenes (27.4%). The key active species were m/p-xylene, ethylene, propylene, o-xylene, isopentane, cyclopentane, and acrolein. According to the source analysis by the PMF model, mobile sources are the main contributors of VOCs in summer in Chengdu, contributing 34% to TVOCs, followed by industrial sources (17%), volatile oil and gas (14%), and solvent use and natural sources contributing 11% and 13%. Therefore, motor vehicle and industrial emissions are the key control sources of VOCs in Chengdu, although control of pollution sources such as solvent use and oil or gas volatilization cannot be ignored.

15.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(5): 5395-5413, 2020 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120558

RESUMO

Instantaneous frequency can well track and reflect the transient information of signal, so it plays an important role in the analysis and processing of the non-stationary signal. In this paper, the single component signal is compared with the Second Order Differential Equation in polar coordinates. Based on this, a threshold segmentation instantaneous frequency calculation method is proposed. This method is mainly for characteristics of the non-stationary signal, use the change of the area around the signal and the x axis to determine the amplitude mutation point of each single component signal, and perform segmentation. Simulations, mathematical derivations and experimental tests are used to highlight the performance of the proposed method. It is not only simple in calculation, but also can reduce the unnecessary influence of non-stationary signal amplitude mutation on instantaneous frequency, and can effectively judge the fault of rolling bearing in fault diagnosis.

16.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 214, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033232

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation plays a pivotal role in EGFR-driven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is considered as a key target of molecular targeted therapy. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been canonically used in NSCLC treatment. However, prevalent innate and acquired resistances and EGFR kinase-independent pro-survival properties limit the clinical efficacy of EGFR TKIs. Therefore, the discovery of novel EGFR degraders is a promising approach towards improving therapeutic efficacy and overcoming drug resistance. Here, we identified a 23-hydroxybetulinic acid derivative, namely DPBA, as a novel EGFR small-molecule ligand. It exerted potent in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity in both EGFR wild type and mutant NSCLC by degrading EGFR. Mechanistic studies disclosed that DPBA binds to the EGFR extracellular domain at sites differing from those of EGF and EGFR. DPBA did not induce EGFR dimerization, phosphorylation, and ubiquitination, but it significantly promoted EGFR degradation and repressed downstream survival pathways. Further analyses showed that DPBA induced clathrin-independent EGFR endocytosis mediated by flotillin-dependent lipid rafts and unaffected by EGFR TKIs. Activation of the early and late endosome markers rab5 and rab7 but not the recycling endosome marker rab11 was involved in DPBA-induced EGFR lysosomal degradation. The present study offers a new EGFR ligand for EGFR pharmacological degradation and proposes it as a potential treatment for EGFR-positive NSCLC, particularly NSCLC with innate or acquired EGFR TKI resistance. DPBA can also serve as a chemical probe in the studies on EGFR trafficking and degradation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos , Células A549 , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Descoberta de Drogas , Receptores ErbB/agonistas , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Células HCT116 , Células HEK293 , Células HT29 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Ligantes , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Células MCF-7 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos SCID , Proteínas de Neoplasias/agonistas , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(9): 3951-3960, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124274

RESUMO

To investigate the seasonal variations in the concentrations of atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the urban area of Chengdu, VOC species were monitored from December 2018 to November 2019, and the concentrations, chemical composition, chemical reactivity, and sources of VOCs were analyzed. Average volume fraction of VOCs in spring, summer, autumn, and winter are 32.29×10-9, 36.25×10-9, 40.92×10-9, and 49.48×10-9, respectively. The concentrations in winter are significantly higher than the winter concentrations measured in other areas. There is no significant difference between VOC concentrations in spring and summer, but component concentrations vary from season to season. In winter, alkanes account for the largest proportion of total VOCs owing to vehicle emissions. The proportion of oxygen (nitrogen)-containing volatile organic compounds in summer and autumn is much higher than that in spring and winter. Volatile emissions from primary sources and secondary conversions have a great contribution. The average concentration of key components of VOCs in different seasons did not change significantly. C2-C4 alkanes, ethylene, acetylene, and dichloromethane concentrations may be significantly affected by vehicle exhaust, oil and gas volatilization, solvent use, and LPG fuel use. ·OH consumption rate and OFP calculations show that key active species are mainly m/p-xylene, ethylene, propylene, 1-hexene, toluene, isopentane, and n-butane. Therefore, these species should be given priority in emissions control measures. Since the temperature in spring and summer is higher than in autumn and winter, and the UV rays are more intense, PMF analysis reveals the natural sources and the secondary emission sources as the major sources. The oil and gas volatilization source contributes to 9% of VOC concentrations in summer. The major VOC sources in autumn and winter are vehicle exhaust and combustion sources. Emissions from the combustion sources contribute to 25% and emissions from the catering sources in autumn and winter contribute to 9% of total VOC levels.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estações do Ano , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(8): 3829-3835, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124360

RESUMO

Ecological reclamation is the major method for the revegetation of acid mine wasteland worldwide. In this study the pH, fertility characteristics, and heavy metal content of soils from Laili Mountain mine wasteland were analyzed. The research also studied the morphological characteristics and the heavy metal in Juncus ochraceus Buchen as well as its resistance to acid, adaptability to soil fertility in abandoned land, and tolerance to heavy metal pollution (e.g., Zn and Cu) to determine its remediation potential as a pioneer plant for acid mine wasteland. Results showed that the pH of soils in the study area were acidic, ranging from 3.46 to 4.01.The contents of organic matter, total potassium, total phosphorus, and available phosphorus was poor, being 10.28-25.75 g·kg-1, 8.84-9.32 g·kg-1, 0.56-0.63 g·kg-1, and 1.82-5.72 mg·kg-1 respectively.The contents of Zn, Cu, and Fe in the soil ranged between 54.93 and 114.49 mg·kg-1, 92.53 and 127.59 mg·kg-1, and 47133.60 and 112259.63 mg·kg-1, whereby the Cu content was 1.85-2.55 times higher than the risk screening value. The height of Juncus ochraceus Buchen in the study area ranged from 43.77 cm to 55.42 cm, which was shorter than the average plant height of the control group (51.38-57.66 cm); however, this was not a significant difference, thus indicating that this plant was resistant to acidic soil and heavy metal pollution.Further analysis showed that Juncus ochraceus Buchen had accumulating capacity for both Cu and Zn, and transferring capacity for Zn as well. Thus, it had potential in heavy metal accumulation and absorption.Plant height was significantly related to the available phosphorus content in the rhizosphere soil. In the future, soil fertility could be improved by supplementing fertilizers containing available phosphorus when Juncus ochraceus Buchen is planted on the land of abandoned mines as a pioneer plant. Comprehensive analysis revealed that Juncus ochraceus Buchen had great potential as a pioneer plant to remediate acid mine wasteland.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , Mineração , Plantas , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
19.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 26(4): 529-538, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989188

RESUMO

Background/Aims: To explore the role of intestinal flora and mast cells in visceral hypersensitivity (VH). Methods: The experimental animals were divided into 4 groups: control group, VH group, VH + VSL#3 group, and VH + ketotifen group. Stool samples were collected from each group (n = 3) for a further analysis using 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequence. Visceral sensitivity was evaluated by abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score. Colon tissues of rats were obtained from each group. Mast cells were detected by toluidine blue staining. The degranulation of mast cells was assessed by transmission electron microscopy. Results: VH rat model could successfully be induced by acetic acid enema combined with partial limb restraint method. Compared with rats in the control group, AWR score, number of mast cells, and degranulation of mast cells were increased in the VH rats, which could be reduced by administration of ketotifen or probiotic VSL#3. Clostridium sensu stricto 1 abundance was higher in the VH group compared to the control group, which could be restored by application of probiotic VSL#3. Conclusions: Probiotic VSL#3 decreases visceral sensitivity in VH rats. The mechanism may be related to mast cell and intestinal flora. Change of Clostridium sensu stricto 1 abundance may be a basis for VH observed in irritable bowel syndrome and may be prevented by specific probiotic administration.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5263-5270, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821036

RESUMO

Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were isolated from a sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells of both strains were observed to be rod-shaped, non-gliding, Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, facultatively anaerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and showing optimum growth at 30 °C. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T could tolerate up to 9 and 10  % (w/v) NaCl concentration and grow at pH 6.5-9.5 and 6.0-9.0, respectively. The strains shared 97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other but were identified as two distinct species based on 81.1-85.8 % ANIb and 31.5 % dDDH values calculated using whole genome sequences. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Salinimicrobium xinjiangense CGMCC 1.12522T (98.4 %) and Salinimicrobium sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T (98.0 %), respectively. Among species with validly published names, S. sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T shared close genetic relatedness with strains J15B81-2T [85.1-85.3% average nucleotide identity based on blastBlast+ (ANIb) and 30.6 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH)] and J15B91T (76.6-79.1 % ANIb and 21.5 % dDDH). The major fatty acid of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were identified as iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, respectively, and the major polar lipids of the two strains consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The strains contained MK-6 as their predominant menaquinone. The genomic G+C contents of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were determined to be 41.7 and 41.8 mol %, respectively. Both strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Salinimicrobium and the names Salinimicrobium nanhaiense sp. nov. and Salinimicrobium oceani sp. nov. are proposed for strains J15B81-2T (=KCTC 72867T=MCCC 1H00410T) and J15B91T (=KCTC 72869T=MCCC 1H00411T), respectively.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...