Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 82
Filtrar
1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 118: 111358, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254978

RESUMO

Paraquat, one of non-selective herbicides, is widely used in agricultural production. However, it can cause death of people or animals quickly owing to its fatal toxicity. In the present work, for efficient separation and removal of the paraquat, a concept "employ collaboration effect to enhance the Host-Guest interactions" was rationally introduced into the design of paraquat adsorbent material. According to this concept, a novel linear tri-pillar[5]arene-based acceptor molecule was synthesized. Interestingly, the acceptor shows outstanding adsorption properties for paraquat through the collaboration effect of the adjacent pillar[5]arene moieties in the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor. Compared with other adsorbents such as activated carbon and single-pillar[5]arene-based adsorbent materials, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor shows higher adsorption rate for paraquat. Additionally, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor was applied to adsorb the commercial pesticide paraquat sample in water with adsorption rate of 98%. Therefore, the linear tri-pillar[5]arene acceptor could serve as a paraquat adsorbent material and convey greatly potential application in the field of removal of paraquat. The concept "employ collaboration effect to enhance the Host-Guest interactions" is a useful way for the development of adsorption materials.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5306-5315, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374046

RESUMO

The ambient concentration of 122 volatile organic compound (VOC) species were continuously measured in urban Hangzhou, China from May 2018 to April 2019. The average mixing ratio of VOCs was (59.4±23.6)×10-9 and the oxygenated VOCs (OVOC) were the largest component. There was no clear "weekend effect" in urban Hangzhou, while the concentration of VOCs had a sharp decrease during long holidays. The concentration of VOCs had a positive correlation with air quality index (AQI) and reached the highest level when the primary pollutant was PM2.5. The assessment results of atmospheric chemical reactivity with·OH radical loss rate (L·OH) and ozone formation potential (OFP) showed the average value of L·OH was 7.5 s-1 and that of OFP was 152.1×10-9, among which carbonyl compounds, aromatics, and alkenes were the most abundant components. The overall chemical reactivity level of VOCs in Hangzhou was equivalent to 2-methylpentane. The average value of toluene/benzene (T/B) was 1.95, which implied the ambient VOCs in Hangzhou were influenced by vehicle exhaust. Secondary formation (17.6%), combustion (11.8%), industrial processing (12.3%), solvent use (18.1%), biogenic source (4.5%), and vehicle exhaust (35.7%) were identified as six major sources of VOCs in Hangzhou through the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5316-5324, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374047

RESUMO

In the research, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were observed online in urban areas of Chengdu to study VOC concentration level, change characteristics, ozone generation contribution (OFP), and source contribution from June to September 2019. The results showed that the average concentration of TVOCs (total volatile organic compounds) was 112.66 µg·m-3, with alkanes (29.51%) and halogenated hydrocarbons (23.23%) forming the main components. The diurnal peak in VOCs mainly occurred from 10:00 am to 11:00 am, which is affected by urban motor vehicles, oil or gas volatilization, and industrial emissions. For OFP contribution of VOCs in summer, the contribution rate of aromatic hydrocarbons (42.7%) was the highest, followed by alkenes (27.4%). The key active species were m/p-xylene, ethylene, propylene, o-xylene, isopentane, cyclopentane, and acrolein. According to the source analysis by the PMF model, mobile sources are the main contributors of VOCs in summer in Chengdu, contributing 34% to TVOCs, followed by industrial sources (17%), volatile oil and gas (14%), and solvent use and natural sources contributing 11% and 13%. Therefore, motor vehicle and industrial emissions are the key control sources of VOCs in Chengdu, although control of pollution sources such as solvent use and oil or gas volatilization cannot be ignored.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(9): 3951-3960, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124274

RESUMO

To investigate the seasonal variations in the concentrations of atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the urban area of Chengdu, VOC species were monitored from December 2018 to November 2019, and the concentrations, chemical composition, chemical reactivity, and sources of VOCs were analyzed. Average volume fraction of VOCs in spring, summer, autumn, and winter are 32.29×10-9, 36.25×10-9, 40.92×10-9, and 49.48×10-9, respectively. The concentrations in winter are significantly higher than the winter concentrations measured in other areas. There is no significant difference between VOC concentrations in spring and summer, but component concentrations vary from season to season. In winter, alkanes account for the largest proportion of total VOCs owing to vehicle emissions. The proportion of oxygen (nitrogen)-containing volatile organic compounds in summer and autumn is much higher than that in spring and winter. Volatile emissions from primary sources and secondary conversions have a great contribution. The average concentration of key components of VOCs in different seasons did not change significantly. C2-C4 alkanes, ethylene, acetylene, and dichloromethane concentrations may be significantly affected by vehicle exhaust, oil and gas volatilization, solvent use, and LPG fuel use. ·OH consumption rate and OFP calculations show that key active species are mainly m/p-xylene, ethylene, propylene, 1-hexene, toluene, isopentane, and n-butane. Therefore, these species should be given priority in emissions control measures. Since the temperature in spring and summer is higher than in autumn and winter, and the UV rays are more intense, PMF analysis reveals the natural sources and the secondary emission sources as the major sources. The oil and gas volatilization source contributes to 9% of VOC concentrations in summer. The major VOC sources in autumn and winter are vehicle exhaust and combustion sources. Emissions from the combustion sources contribute to 25% and emissions from the catering sources in autumn and winter contribute to 9% of total VOC levels.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estações do Ano , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(8): 3829-3835, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124360

RESUMO

Ecological reclamation is the major method for the revegetation of acid mine wasteland worldwide. In this study the pH, fertility characteristics, and heavy metal content of soils from Laili Mountain mine wasteland were analyzed. The research also studied the morphological characteristics and the heavy metal in Juncus ochraceus Buchen as well as its resistance to acid, adaptability to soil fertility in abandoned land, and tolerance to heavy metal pollution (e.g., Zn and Cu) to determine its remediation potential as a pioneer plant for acid mine wasteland. Results showed that the pH of soils in the study area were acidic, ranging from 3.46 to 4.01.The contents of organic matter, total potassium, total phosphorus, and available phosphorus was poor, being 10.28-25.75 g·kg-1, 8.84-9.32 g·kg-1, 0.56-0.63 g·kg-1, and 1.82-5.72 mg·kg-1 respectively.The contents of Zn, Cu, and Fe in the soil ranged between 54.93 and 114.49 mg·kg-1, 92.53 and 127.59 mg·kg-1, and 47133.60 and 112259.63 mg·kg-1, whereby the Cu content was 1.85-2.55 times higher than the risk screening value. The height of Juncus ochraceus Buchen in the study area ranged from 43.77 cm to 55.42 cm, which was shorter than the average plant height of the control group (51.38-57.66 cm); however, this was not a significant difference, thus indicating that this plant was resistant to acidic soil and heavy metal pollution.Further analysis showed that Juncus ochraceus Buchen had accumulating capacity for both Cu and Zn, and transferring capacity for Zn as well. Thus, it had potential in heavy metal accumulation and absorption.Plant height was significantly related to the available phosphorus content in the rhizosphere soil. In the future, soil fertility could be improved by supplementing fertilizers containing available phosphorus when Juncus ochraceus Buchen is planted on the land of abandoned mines as a pioneer plant. Comprehensive analysis revealed that Juncus ochraceus Buchen had great potential as a pioneer plant to remediate acid mine wasteland.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , Mineração , Plantas , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(5): 5395-5413, 2020 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120558

RESUMO

Instantaneous frequency can well track and reflect the transient information of signal, so it plays an important role in the analysis and processing of the non-stationary signal. In this paper, the single component signal is compared with the Second Order Differential Equation in polar coordinates. Based on this, a threshold segmentation instantaneous frequency calculation method is proposed. This method is mainly for characteristics of the non-stationary signal, use the change of the area around the signal and the x axis to determine the amplitude mutation point of each single component signal, and perform segmentation. Simulations, mathematical derivations and experimental tests are used to highlight the performance of the proposed method. It is not only simple in calculation, but also can reduce the unnecessary influence of non-stationary signal amplitude mutation on instantaneous frequency, and can effectively judge the fault of rolling bearing in fault diagnosis.

7.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 214, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033232

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation plays a pivotal role in EGFR-driven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is considered as a key target of molecular targeted therapy. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been canonically used in NSCLC treatment. However, prevalent innate and acquired resistances and EGFR kinase-independent pro-survival properties limit the clinical efficacy of EGFR TKIs. Therefore, the discovery of novel EGFR degraders is a promising approach towards improving therapeutic efficacy and overcoming drug resistance. Here, we identified a 23-hydroxybetulinic acid derivative, namely DPBA, as a novel EGFR small-molecule ligand. It exerted potent in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity in both EGFR wild type and mutant NSCLC by degrading EGFR. Mechanistic studies disclosed that DPBA binds to the EGFR extracellular domain at sites differing from those of EGF and EGFR. DPBA did not induce EGFR dimerization, phosphorylation, and ubiquitination, but it significantly promoted EGFR degradation and repressed downstream survival pathways. Further analyses showed that DPBA induced clathrin-independent EGFR endocytosis mediated by flotillin-dependent lipid rafts and unaffected by EGFR TKIs. Activation of the early and late endosome markers rab5 and rab7 but not the recycling endosome marker rab11 was involved in DPBA-induced EGFR lysosomal degradation. The present study offers a new EGFR ligand for EGFR pharmacological degradation and proposes it as a potential treatment for EGFR-positive NSCLC, particularly NSCLC with innate or acquired EGFR TKI resistance. DPBA can also serve as a chemical probe in the studies on EGFR trafficking and degradation.

8.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 26(4): 529-538, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989188

RESUMO

Background/Aims: To explore the role of intestinal flora and mast cells in visceral hypersensitivity (VH). Methods: The experimental animals were divided into 4 groups: control group, VH group, VH + VSL#3 group, and VH + ketotifen group. Stool samples were collected from each group (n = 3) for a further analysis using 16S ribosomal DNA gene sequence. Visceral sensitivity was evaluated by abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score. Colon tissues of rats were obtained from each group. Mast cells were detected by toluidine blue staining. The degranulation of mast cells was assessed by transmission electron microscopy. Results: VH rat model could successfully be induced by acetic acid enema combined with partial limb restraint method. Compared with rats in the control group, AWR score, number of mast cells, and degranulation of mast cells were increased in the VH rats, which could be reduced by administration of ketotifen or probiotic VSL#3. Clostridium sensu stricto 1 abundance was higher in the VH group compared to the control group, which could be restored by application of probiotic VSL#3. Conclusions: Probiotic VSL#3 decreases visceral sensitivity in VH rats. The mechanism may be related to mast cell and intestinal flora. Change of Clostridium sensu stricto 1 abundance may be a basis for VH observed in irritable bowel syndrome and may be prevented by specific probiotic administration.

9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5263-5270, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821036

RESUMO

Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were isolated from a sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells of both strains were observed to be rod-shaped, non-gliding, Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, facultatively anaerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and showing optimum growth at 30 °C. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T could tolerate up to 9 and 10  % (w/v) NaCl concentration and grow at pH 6.5-9.5 and 6.0-9.0, respectively. The strains shared 97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other but were identified as two distinct species based on 81.1-85.8 % ANIb and 31.5 % dDDH values calculated using whole genome sequences. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Salinimicrobium xinjiangense CGMCC 1.12522T (98.4 %) and Salinimicrobium sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T (98.0 %), respectively. Among species with validly published names, S. sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T shared close genetic relatedness with strains J15B81-2T [85.1-85.3% average nucleotide identity based on blastBlast+ (ANIb) and 30.6 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH)] and J15B91T (76.6-79.1 % ANIb and 21.5 % dDDH). The major fatty acid of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were identified as iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, respectively, and the major polar lipids of the two strains consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The strains contained MK-6 as their predominant menaquinone. The genomic G+C contents of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were determined to be 41.7 and 41.8 mol %, respectively. Both strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Salinimicrobium and the names Salinimicrobium nanhaiense sp. nov. and Salinimicrobium oceani sp. nov. are proposed for strains J15B81-2T (=KCTC 72867T=MCCC 1H00410T) and J15B91T (=KCTC 72869T=MCCC 1H00411T), respectively.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Bone ; 141: 115584, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although associations between dysregulated glucose metabolism and human rheumatoid arthritis have been reported, the disturbance and influence of glycolytic metabolism on temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the expression level and metabolite profile of the critical glycolytic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) in synovial fibroblasts (SFs) of TMJOA, assess the effect of glycolytic inhibition on synthesis of hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) and inflammation progression in these cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were performed to detect the expression of LDHA in the lining and sub-lining layers of synovial tissue and SFs. MTT and EdU assays were used to measure the cell proliferation. The cell apoptosis were demonstrated by TUNEL staining and Annexin V/PI double staining. A potent and specific inhibitor of LDHA, GSK2837808A, was administrated to suppress the activity of LDHA and detect the potential efficacy on HAS2. RESULTS: LDHA expression was dramatically higher in the synovial tissue and SFs from TMJOA patients compared to control groups. LDHA inhibition impaired active LDHA performance, suppressed the glucose uptake and decreased lactate concentration. Furthermore, GSK2837808A reversed the occurrence of low ratio of ATP/AMP, high level of Adenosine Monophosphate-activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) activation, disturbed HAS2 synthesis and hyaluronic acid (HA) production by inhibiting LDHA. The cellular viability and cell cycle were not affected by GSK2837808A at the working concentration. CONCLUSIONS: Targeting LDHA using its specific suppressant GSK2837808A impeded lactate secretion and contributed to HAS2 and HA synthesis in TMJOA SFs, providing the vital role of LDHA associated with TMJOA pathogenesis and a novel therapeutic approach for TMJOA.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(5): 2107-2115, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608828

RESUMO

The water quality of the backwater areas in the Xiangxi River and Shennong River, which are typical tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir, was monitored in September 2018. The vertical distribution characteristics of dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a, and other indicators in the two rivers were analyzed and compared, and the environmental factors affecting their vertical distribution were discussed. The results showed that the dissolved oxygen concentration 0-10 m and 0-12 m from the surface of the Xiangxi River and Shennong River, respectively, showed significant stratification and decreased with increasing water depth. The dissolved oxygen saturation of surface water was 139.20% and 107.78%, respectively, reaching a state of supersaturation (SDO>100%).The dissolved oxygen concentration in the middle and bottom water was more stable without stratification. The vertical distribution characteristics of chlorophyll a were consistent with those of dissolved oxygen in the Xiangxi River and Shennong River, and the chlorophyll a concentration in the surface water showed moderate eutrophication (5µg·L-1 < Chl-a < 20 µg·L-1). According to Pearson correlation analysis, the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen in the Xiangxi River and Shennong River was significantly correlated with that of water temperature and phytoplankton. The stratification of water temperature and the life activities of phytoplankton were the key factors affecting the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen. Chlorophyll a was positively correlated with water temperature and pH, and negatively correlated with turbidity, indicating that the vertical distribution of phytoplankton was mainly affected by the attenuation of light intensity along the water depth and the stratification of water temperature.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(7): 3076-3084, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608879

RESUMO

An intensive observation of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was carried out in Hangzhou, a key city in the Yangtze River Delta, during a typical photochemical pollution episode from September 14-23, 2018. The analysis results of 80 effective samples showed that the average concentration of 122 compounds of VOCs was (59.5±19.8)×10-9 during the observation period, and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) were the most abundant component. The assessment results of atmospheric reaction activity with ozone formation potential (OFP) showed that the average value of OFP was 145×10-9 during the observation period, of which alkenes and carbonyl compounds were the most abundant components. The chemical reactivity of VOCs in Hangzhou was equivalent to acrylonitrile. Based on the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model, five major sources of VOCs in Hangzhou were identified, including secondary formation (25.2%), combustion and industrial processing (27.2%), solvent use (17.3%), biogenic sources (9.2%), and vehicular exhaust (21.2%). The results can provide guidance for further understanding of VOC characteristics and the basis for scientific prevention and control measures in Hangzhou.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 755-761, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features of catch-up growth of body height after kidney transplantation in children and related influencing factors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed from the chart review data of 15 children who underwent kidney transplantation in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2017 to November 2019. According to whether the increase in height standard deviation score (ΔHtSDS) in the first year after kidney transplantation reached ≥0.5, the children were divided into a catch-up group with 8 children and a non-catch-up group with 7 children. According to whether final HtSDS was ≥-2, the children were divided into a standard group with 6 children and a non-standard group with 9 children. The features of catch-up growth of body height and related influencing factors were compared between groups. RESULTS: The data showed that median ΔHtSDS was 0.8 in the first year after transplantation, which suggested catch-up growth of body height. There was a significant difference in HtSDS between the non-catch-up and catch-up groups (P<0.05). Baseline HtSDS before transplantation was positively correlated with HtSDS at the end of follow-up (r=0.622, P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with ∆HtSDS in the first year after transplantation (r=-0.705, P<0.05). Age of transplantation and mean dose of glucocorticoid (GC) per kg body weight were risk factors for catch-up growth after kidney transplantation (OR=1.23 and 1.74 respectively; P<0.05), while baseline HtSDS and use of antihypertensive drugs were independent protective factors for catch-up growth (OR=0.08 and 0.18 respectively; P<0.05); baseline HtSDS and ΔHtSDS in the first year after kidney transplantation were influencing factors for final HtSDS (ß=0.984 and 1.271 respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Kidney transplantation should be performed for children as early as possible, growth retardation before transplantation should be improved as far as possible, and multiple treatment methods (including the use of GC and antihypertensive drugs) should be optimized after surgery, in order to help these children achieve an ideal body height.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Criança , Glucocorticoides , Transtornos do Crescimento , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Soft Matter ; 16(24): 5734-5739, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525181

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive optical materials attract lots of attention due to their broad applications. Herein, a novel smart stimuli-responsive supramolecular polymer was successfully constructed using a simple tripodal quaternary ammonium-based gelator (TH). The TH self-assembles into a supramolecular polymer hydrogel (TH-G) and shows aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties. Interestingly, the transparency and fluorescence of the TH-G xerogel film (TH-GF) could be reversibly regulated by use of triethylamine (TEA) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) vapor. When alternately fumed with TEA and HCl vapor, the optical transmittance of the TH-GF was changed from 8.9% to 92.7%. Meanwhile, the fluorescence of the TH-G shows an "ON/OFF" switch. The reversible switching of the transparency and the fluorescence of the TH-GF is attributed to the assembly and disassembly of the supramolecular polymer TH-G. Based on these stimuli-response properties, the TH-GF could act as an optical material and shows potential applications as smart windows or fluorescent display material controlled by TEA and HCl vapor.

15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 318, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sichuan is a province located in southwestern China, which have a higher incidence of tuberculosis (TB). This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics, as well as drug resistance in culture-confirmed children with Tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) in Southwest of China. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on children (< 14 years old) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture-confirmed TBM between January 2013 and December 2018 at Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu (PHCCC). Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) drug sensitivity testing (DST) was performed using the MicroDST™ method. The age, gender, family history of tuberculosis, status of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination, residential areas information, clinical, laboratory, and radiological features were recorded. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics Client 25.0, and the change in drug resistance rate was examined using the Cruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: Among 319 patients clinically diagnosed with TBM, 42 (13.2%) were Mycobacterial culture positive. Their median age was nine years, and the distribution was equal among female and male patients. Among 42 patients who were enrolled in the study, 1/42 (2.38%) passed away. Children with TBM were concentrated in the minority areas of western Sichuan, where 34/42 (81.0%) patients with TBM belonged to ethnic minorities, and only 2/42 (4.76%) received BCG vaccination in the past. Chest X-rays changes were observed in all patients. Fever and headache were the most common presenting symptom. Thirty-five (83.3%) patients suffered from neck stiffness, and 30/42 (71.4%) had high CSF pressure. DST results showed that the resistance rate was high; resistance to any anti-tuberculosis drug (ATD) was observed in 13 (31.0%) patient isolates, while multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) were found in 2 (4.8%) and 1 (2.4%) patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TBM among children in Southwest China was mainly concentrated in the minority areas of western Sichuan and more than 95% of patients did not receive BCG vaccination at birth. The most common symptoms were fever, headache, and neck stiffness and all patients had positive chest X-ray findings. In addition, high rates of drug resistance were found.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Tuberculose Meníngea/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Meníngea/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Vacina BCG , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Extensivamente Resistente a Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose Meníngea/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Meníngea/tratamento farmacológico , Vacinação
16.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(9): 5636-5641, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331149

RESUMO

The novel C/Fe-FeVO4 composite photocatalyst were synthesized by using a two-step hydrothermal synthesis method. Through a detailed exploration on the chemical and phisical properties by some spectroscopic and analytical techniques, the as-prepared C/Fe-FeVO4 exhibted a nanosheet and meso porosity structure. Accordingly, we further utilized this C/Fe-FeVO4 composite as a photocatalist for degradating the notorious ciprofloxacin (CIP) under simulated solar light (SSL) irradiation. Due to its outstanding catalytic properties, the C/Fe-FeVO4 exhibited superior photocatalytic activity. The possible photocatalytic mechanism has been discussed.

17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 982-988, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730029

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, gliding-motile, rod-shaped and orange-pigmented bacterium, designated 1494T, was isolated from marine sediment collected off the coast of Weihai, PR China. Strain 1494T was found to grow at 4-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (2 %). Cells were positive for oxidase and catalase activity. The results of 16S rRNA gene based phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain 1494T belonged to the genus Formosa and exhibited the highest sequence similarity to Formosa spongicola KCTC 22662 T (98.4 %). Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was detected as the major respiratory quinone. The dominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C15 : 0. The DNA G+C content of strain 1494T was 31.1 mol%. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid and one unidentified lipid. Based on its phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain 1494T is considered to represent a novel species from the genus Formosa, for which the name Formosa maritima sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1494T (=KCTC 72531T=MCCC 1H00385T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(33): 4945-4958, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a commonly used biomarker in colorectal cancer. However, controversy exists regarding the insufficient prognostic value of preoperative serum CEA alone in rectal cancer. Here, we combined preoperative serum CEA and the maximum tumor diameter to correct the CEA level, which may better reflect the malignancy of rectal cancer. AIM: To assess the prognostic impact of preoperative CEA/tumor size in rectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 696 stage I to III rectal cancer patients who underwent curative tumor resection from 2007 to 2012. These patients were randomly divided into two cohorts for cross-validation: training cohort and validation cohort. The training cohort was used to generate an optimal cutoff point and the validation cohort was used to further validate the model. Maximally selected rank statistics were used to identify the optimum cutoff for CEA/tumor size. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to plot the survival curve and to compare the survival data. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of CEA/tumor size. The primary and secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), respectively. RESULTS: In all, 556 patients who satisfied both the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into the training cohort (2/3 of 556, n = 371) and the validation cohort (1/3 of 556, n = 185). The cutoff was 2.429 ng/mL per cm. Comparison of the baseline data showed that high CEA/tumor size was correlated with older age, high TNM stage, the presence of perineural invasion, high CEA, and high carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9). Kaplan-Meier curves showed a manifest reduction in 5-year OS (training cohort: 56.7% vs 81.1%, P < 0.001; validation cohort: 58.8% vs 85.6%, P < 0.001) and DFS (training cohort: 52.5% vs 71.9%, P = 0.02; validation cohort: 50.3% vs 79.3%, P = 0.002) in the high CEA/tumor size group compared with the low CEA/tumor size group. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified CEA/tumor size as an independent prognostic factor for OS (training cohort: hazard ratio (HR) = 2.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28-3.73, P = 0.004; validation cohort: HR = 4.83, 95%CI: 2.21-10.52, P < 0.001) as well as DFS (training cohort: HR = 1.47, 95%CI: 0.93-2.33, P = 0.096; validation cohort: HR = 2.61, 95%CI: 1.38-4.95, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Preoperative CEA/tumor size is an independent prognostic factor for patients with stage I-III rectal cancer. Higher CEA/tumor size is associated with worse OS and DFS.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Reto/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/sangue , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12008, 2019 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427616

RESUMO

Whether the effect of migration-selection-drift equilibrium on population structure is governed by spatial or environmental differences is usually elucidated by isolation-by-distance (IBD), isolation-by-environment (IBE), and isolation-by-resistance (IBR) tests. The population structure of Ammopiptanthus mongolicus, a broad-leaved evergreen psammophyte in eastern Central Asia, was previously thought to follow an isolation by distance pattern. However, recent studies have emphasized the effects of environmental factors on its growth and distribution, suggesting an important influence of local adaptation on the genetic structure of the species. Using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers, we verified the previously inferred low intra-population variation and high inter-population differentiation. However, in contrast to previous studies, the results of partial Mantel tests and a maximum likelihood population effects mixed model (MLPE) suggested that local climate differences, rather than geographic distances or resistance distances, are the main factor affecting population differentiation. Further analysis with removal of multicollinear climatic variables and univariate MLPE found that summer and winter precipitation were crucial for shaping the current population genetic structure. Since local precipitation is related to the regeneration, colonization, and overwintering survival of A. mongolicus, its influence on demographic change may explain its effect on the population genetic structure. In addition, precipitation is related to terrain despite westward decreases, which explains the independence of genetic difference and geographic distance. The identified role of IBE suggests that collecting germplasm resources from genetically differentiated populations could be a more effective strategy to preserve the overall genetic diversity of the species than the establishment of corridors to enhance gene flow among populations.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Fabaceae/genética , Genética Populacional , Isolamento Reprodutivo , Deriva Genética , Variação Genética
20.
Surg Obes Relat Dis ; 15(6): 942-950, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been widely used for the treatment of obesity and its related metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), hypertension, and sleep apnea syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrine metabolic disease; however, little attention has been paid to the efficacy of bariatric surgery on PCOS. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of bariatric surgery on obese PCOS patients. SETTING: A systematic review and meta-analysis at a university hospital. METHODS: Online databases were searched for all studies reporting the efficacy of bariatric surgery for obese patients with PCOS up to October 2018. RESULTS: A total of 9 studies with 234 obese PCOS patients were included in this article. The results of meta-analysis showed that after bariatric surgery, there was a significant reduction of the incidence of abnormal menstruation (relative risk [RR] .23; 95% confidence interval [CI] .13-.43; P < .00001) and hirsutism (RR .47; 95% CI .28-.79; P = .004). Bariatric surgery can also cause a decrease in the serum total testosterone level (mean difference [MD] = -25.82; 95% CI -30.06 to -21.58; P < .00001), serum free testosterone level (MD = -4.10; 95% CI -6.97 to -1.23; P = .005), and body mass index (MD = -14.51; 95% CI -17.88 to -11.14; P < .00001). It also showed a significant effect on T2D (RR .09; 95% CI .03-.32; P = .0002) and hypertension (RR .21; 95% CI .05-.98; P = .05) in obese patients with PCOS. CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery can reduce the incidence of abnormal menstruation, improve hyperandrogenism and its clinical manifestations, and decrease the body mass index, prevalence of T2D, and hypertension in obese patients with PCOS.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Adulto , Feminino , Hirsutismo/epidemiologia , Humanos , Distúrbios Menstruais/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...