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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 122-129, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761038

RESUMO

Hypochlorite (HClO) is involved in various physiological and pathological processes as well as regulation of lysosomal functions. Thus, it is appreciated to develop efficient molecule tools for precisely detecting HClO in lysosomes. Although several lysosomal-targetable fluorogenic probes for HClO have been developed to date, they still suffered from the discounted sensing performance under lysosomal acidic condition. Herein, on the basis of the "AND" logic gate strategy, a novel dual-activatable fluorogenic probe CS has been rationally designed by simultaneously incorporating HClO recognition site and pH-sensitive group with lysosomal-targetable characteristic into a coumarin fluorophore. Different from the single-activated ones previously reported, CS exhibited good sensitivity, high specificity and fast response towards HClO under the acidic conditions but was out of operation in the neutral or alkaline environment. Importantly, it had been successfully applied for spatial-resolution imaging of exogenous or endogenous HClO in lysosomes.

2.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124657, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473526

RESUMO

This study investigates the degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon in contaminated soil using activated persulfate (PS) with ultrasound (US) and US/Fe. Various controlling factors including different PS dosage, ultrasonic power, pH, soil water ratio and soil particle size were considered. It was found that petroleum hydrocarbon degradation efficiency achieved up to 56.41% and 82.23% in US/PS and US/Fe/PS system, respectively. Based on the experimental results, the reaction rate of US/Fe/PS system was faster than US/PS system and the degradation efficiency enhanced significantly with the increasing ultrasonic power. Changing initial solution pH influenced the petroleum hydrocarbon reaction rate and the best performance would be achieved at pH of 5. The present work identified the main components of petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants in shale gas sites. The mechanism of petroleum hydrocarbon degradation on US/Fe/PS system were analyzed.

3.
Virology ; 539: 80-91, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706163

RESUMO

To identify potential pathogens responsible for a disease outbreak of cultured peafowls in China in 2013, metagenomic sequencing was conducted. The genomes of two closely related parvoviruses, namely peafowl parvovirus 1 (PePV1) and PePV2, were identified with size of 4428 bp and 4348 bp, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that both viruses are novel parvoviruses, belonging to the proposed genus Chapparvovirus of Parvoviridae. The transcriptional profile of PePV1 was analyzed by transfecting a nearly complete PePV1 genome into HEK-293T cells. Results revealed that PePV1 employs one promoter and two polyadenylation sites to start and terminate its transcriptions, with one donor site and two acceptor sites for pre-mRNA splicing. PePV1 DNA and structural protein were detected in several tissues of a dead peafowl, which appeared to have suffered enteritis, pneumonia and viremia. These results provide novel information of chapparvoviruses, and call for attention to the potential pathogens.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717430

RESUMO

Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced by the colonic microbiota through fermentation. Influences of maternal PM2.5 exposure on SCFAs of the offspring have not been well understood. Additionally, studies of dietary intervention have not been carried out yet. Here we performed a study that dams were received PM2.5 and quercetin intervention during gestation and lactation. SCFAs in colon of dams and their offspring (on postnatal day 21 and 35) were analyzed using gas chromatography. For male offspring, when compared with the control group levels of acetic acid, butyric acid, and valeric acid were lower in the PM2.5 group (p < 0.05), however, levels of isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid were higher in the PM2.5 group (p < 0.05). For female offspring, as compared with the control group, propanoic acid was lower in the PM2.5 group, however isovaleric acid was higher in the PM2.5 group (p < 0.05). 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg quercetin intervention could inhibit SCFAs production of male offspring, especially in isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid (p < 0.05). 100 mg/kg quercetin intervention could upgrade the level of propanoic acid of female offspring (p < 0.05). Taken together, these results suggest that PM2.5 tracheal exposure during gestation and lactation could influence SCFAs of offspring. Quercetin administration might have the potential to offset the effects of mater PM2.5 exposure on SCFAs in the offspring to some extent. The above effects were showed in a sex-dependent manner.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719212

RESUMO

Context: In the United States. and other Western countries, dry needling (DN) has been a disputed topic in both the academic and legal fields. Objective: The research team intended to examine whether DN is a technique independent from acupuncture and also how nonacupuncturists, such as physical therapists (PTs), started practicing DN. Design: The research team completed research, examined critical issues related to DN, and published a white paper in 2017 that discussed evidence and expert opinions from academic scholars, for health care professionals, administrators, policy makers, and the general public that demonstrate that DN is acupuncture. This article continues that endeavor. Results: DN is not merely a technique but a medical therapy that is a simplified form of acupuncture practice. To promote DN theory and business, some commercial DN educators have recruited a large number of nonacupuncturists, including PTs, athletic trainers, and nurse practitioners, in recent years. PTs did not initiate the practice of DN and DN does not fit into the practice scope for PTs because it is an invasive practice. The national organizations of the PT profession, such as the American Physical Therapy Association and the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy, began to support the practice of DN by PTs in approximately 2010. Currently, more PTs are involved in DN practice and are teaching than any other specialty. Conclusions: Acupuncturists and physicians must complete extensive acupuncture training in accredited programs and pass national examinations to become licensed or certified to practice acupuncture. However, a typical DN course runs only 20-30 h, often in the course of 1 weekend, and the participants may receive a DN certificate without any national examination being required. For the safety of patients and professional integrity, the research team strongly suggests that all DN practitioners and educators should have to meet the same basic standards as those required for licensed acupuncturists or physicians.

6.
Immunotherapy ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713453

RESUMO

Aim: We performed a meta-analysis to explore the efficacy of immunotherapy for patients with squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials & methods: Randomized clinical trials comparing immunotherapy with chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC patients were included. Results: A total of 11 trials (3112 patients) were included. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors demonstrated significant superiority to chemotherapy in overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.74; p < 0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) (HR: 0.66; p < 0.001) for squamous NSCLC. The OS and PFS benefits of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for squamous NSCLC were similar in subgroup analyses of line settings, PD-L1 expression and different study methodologies. No advantage in OS was found in advanced squamous NSCLC patients treated with atezolizumab (HR: 0.87; p = 0.087). Conclusion: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors significantly improved OS and PFS in advanced squamous NSCLC patients when compared with chemotherapy.

7.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9228-9231, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680529

RESUMO

Visible light-mediated cascade remote oxyfluoroalkylation of alkenes under mild conditions is developed for the first time. The key point of this transformation is the incorporation of alkene fluoroalkylation-initiated remote benzyl C-H bond activation via a 1,5-H shift in a highly controlled site-selective manner and Kornblum reaction with dimethyl sulfoxide as the oxidant. With this method, a broad array of fluoroalkyl groups were introduced into a double bond to produce 1,6-fluoroalkylated ketones at room temperature.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5061, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699989

RESUMO

A noncoding polymorphism (rs78378222) in TP53, carried by scores of millions of people, was previously associated with moderate risk of brain tumors and other neoplasms. We find a positive association between this variant and soft tissue sarcoma. In sharp contrast, it is protective against breast cancer. We generated a mouse line carrying this variant and found that it accelerates spontaneous tumorigenesis and glioma development, but strikingly, delays mammary tumorigenesis. The variant creates a miR-382-5p targeting site and compromises a miR-325-3p site. Their differential expression results in p53 downregulation in the brain, but p53 upregulation in the mammary gland of polymorphic mice compared to that of wild-type littermates. Thus, this variant is at odds with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome mutants in breast cancer predisposition yet consistent in glioma predisposition. Our findings elucidate an underlying mechanism of cancer susceptibility that is conferred by genetic variation and yet altered by microRNA expression.

9.
J Intensive Care Med ; : 885066619887333, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosing acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3 in critically ill patients may help physicians in making treatment decisions. This diagnosis relies chiefly on urinary output and serum creatinine, which may be of limited value. This study aimed to explore the diagnostic performance of renal resistive index (RRI) and semiquantitative power Doppler ultrasound (PDU) scores in predicting AKI stage 3 in patients with sepsis or cardiac failure. METHODS: This study is a prospective observational study that included 83 patients (40 with sepsis and 43 with cardiac failure). Renal resistive index and semiquantitative PDU scores were measured within 6 hours following admission to the intensive care unit. Acute kidney injury was defined according to the criteria set by Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. RESULTS: The predictive values of RRI (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.772, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.658-0.886) and PDU score (AUC = 0.780, 95% CI = 0.667-0.892) were similar in all patients. Power Doppler ultrasound score (AUC = 0.910, 95% CI = 0.815-1.000) could effectively predict AKI stage 3 in the cardiac failure subgroup, and the optimal cutoff for this parameter was ≤ 1 (sensitivity = 87.5%, specificity = 92.6%, Youden index = 0.801, accuracy in our population = 90.7%). However, PDU scores (AUC = 0.620, 95% CI = 0.425-0.814) could not predict AKI stage 3 in the sepsis subgroup. The predictive values of RRI for AKI stage 3 in the cardiac failure (AUC = 0.820, 95% CI = 0.666-0.974) and sepsis (AUC = 0.724, 95% CI = 0.538-0.910) subgroups were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Power Doppler ultrasound scores could effectively predict AKI stage 3 in patients with cardiac failure but not in patients with sepsis. Renal resistive index is a poor predictor of AKI stage 3 in patients with sepsis or cardiac failure.

10.
Bioresour Technol ; 294: 122237, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683454

RESUMO

Free volatile fatty acids such as free acetic acid (FAA) and free butyrate acid (FBA) are true inhibitors of hydrogenotrophic methanogens (HM) in mixed culture. However, their inhibitory effects on pure culture of HM remain unclear. In this study, a typical HM of Methanobacterium formicicum demonstrated no difference in toxicity conferred by FAA, free propionate acid (FPA), or FBA in regard to the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) based on the C50% (0.19, 0.17, and 0.23 g/L, respectively) and recoverable concentration values (0.97, 0.69, and 0.61 g/L, respectively). These results were within the same order of magnitude. The concentrations of FAA, FBA, and FPA all correlated well with the SMA values according to the inhibition model. Additionally, changes in the activity of the electron transport system also agreed well with the trend in the SMA variation. Together, the results of this study provide a benchmark to control methanogenesis during industrial applications.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota , Methanobacterium , Butiratos , Metano , Propionatos
11.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692066

RESUMO

Meningioma, as a sort of the malignantly intracranial tumors, has captured public attention for its second-highest morbidity all over the world. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), including lncRNA SNHG1, have been well known as essential players in the development of diverse cancers. However, the biological effect and regulatory mechanism of SNHG1 have not been mentioned in meningioma. In this work, it was discovered that SNHG1 was overexpressed in meningioma cell lines. SNHG1 deficiency restrained cell growth as well as accelerated apoptosis. Then mechanism experiments demonstrated that SNHG1 functioned as the role of sponging miR-556-5p and negatively regulated miR-556-5p expression. Moreover, it was verified that TCF12 is the direct downstream target of miR-556-5p. Furthermore, SNHG1/miR-556-5p/TCF12 axis promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis in meningioma via activating the Wnt signaling pathway. In the end, it was confirmed that TCF12 expression was positively regulated by SNHG1, and TCF12 could promote transcription of SNHG1 through binding with the promoter region of SNHG1. In conclusion, the SNHG1/miR-556-5p/TCF12 feedback loop promotes the tumorigenesis of meningioma through the Wnt signaling pathway.

12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(24): 126638, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685340

RESUMO

Viral infectivity factor (Vif) is one of the accessory protein of human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) that inhibits host defense factor, APOBEC3G (A3G), mediated viral cDNA hypermutations. Previous work developed a novel Vif inhibitor 2-amino-N-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6-((4-nitrophenyl)thio)benzamide (1) with strong antiviral activity. Through optimizations on the two side branches, a series of compound 1 derivatives (2-18) were designed, synthesized and tested in vitro for their antiviral activities. The biological results showed that compound 5 and 16 inhibited the virus replication efficiently with EC50 values of 9.81 and 4.62 µM. Meanwhile, low cytotoxicities on H9 cells were observed for the generated compounds by the MTT assay. The structure-activity relationship of compound 1 was preliminarily clarified, which gave rise to the development of more potent Vif inhibitors.

13.
Sci Adv ; 5(11): eaay4275, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723607

RESUMO

In the process of finding high-performance materials for organic photovoltaics (OPVs), it is meaningful if one can establish the relationship between chemical structures and photovoltaic properties even before synthesizing them. Here, we first establish a database containing over 1700 donor materials reported in the literature. Through supervised learning, our machine learning (ML) models can build up the structure-property relationship and, thus, implement fast screening of OPV materials. We explore several expressions for molecule structures, i.e., images, ASCII strings, descriptors, and fingerprints, as inputs for various ML algorithms. It is found that fingerprints with length over 1000 bits can obtain high prediction accuracy. The reliability of our approach is further verified by screening 10 newly designed donor materials. Good consistency between model predictions and experimental outcomes is obtained. The result indicates that ML is a powerful tool to prescreen new OPV materials, thus accelerating the development of the OPV field.

14.
Am J Transplant ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733178

RESUMO

The IL-6/IL-6 receptor-α (IL-6Rα)/STAT3 pathway plays an important role in inflammation. Anti-human IL-6Rα blockade by Tocilizumab (TCZ) has been used in pig-to-baboon organ xenotransplantation models, but whether it is beneficial remains uncertain. After xenotransplantation, there were significant increases in both baboon and pig IL-6 in the baboon serum, especially in baboons that received TCZ before xenotransplantation. In vitro observations demonstrated that human, baboon, and pig IL-6 can activate the IL-6/IL-6Rα/STAT3 pathway in human, baboon, and pig cells. Activation of the IL-6/IL-6Rα/STAT3 pathway was blocked by TCZ in human and baboon cells, but not in pig cells (i.e., pig IL-6R). Siltuximab (human IL-6 inhibitor) bound to both human and baboon, but not pig, IL-6, and suppressed activation of the IL-6/IL-6Rα/STAT3 pathway. These results indicate that TCZ and Siltuximab do not cross-react with pig IL-6R and pig IL-6, respectively. Rapamycin partially inhibited human, baboon, and pig IL-6/IL-6Rα/STAT3 pathways, and suppressed inflammatory gene expression. TCZ treatment increased serum IL-6 because it could no longer bind to baboon IL-6Rα. We suggest that increased serum IL-6 may be detrimental to the pig xenograft because it is likely to bind to pig IL-6R, resulting in activation of pig cells.

15.
Psychiatry Res ; : 112679, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735373

RESUMO

There has been an increased prevalence of the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) globally during the last decade. An updated and overall estimate of ASD prevalence in Asia would assist health professionals to develop relevant public health strategies. We performed a systematic review by searching English databases (Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochran Library) from inception date to August 6, 2018. Subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-regression analyses were performed to address heterogeneity. Publication bias was evaluated using Egger's test. A total of 2,195,497 subjects in Asia from 12 eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled estimate of ASD prevalence among the included subjects was 0.36% (95% CI: 0.16-0.79%). The pooled ASD prevalence in males (0.45%, 95% CI: 0.19-1.04%) was higher than that in females (0.18%, 95% CI: 0.079-0.49%). ASD prevalence in East Asia, South Asia, and West Asia was 0.51% (95% CI: 0.06-4.22%), 0.31% (95% CI: 0.14-0.65%), and 0.35% (95% CI: 0.07-1.80%) respectively. The prevalence of ASD is increasing in Asia. Universal and standardized diagnostic processes for ASD should be adopted for the prevention and control programs of ASD in future.

16.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food is an important strategic material related to national economy and people's livelihood. Plant diseases seriously affect crop yield and quality. Marine natural products are an important source for novel drugs discovery. In this work, meridianin alkaloids were selected as the parent structure. A series of meridianin alkaloid analogues were rationally designed, synthesized and evaluated for their antiviral activities and fungicidal activities. RESULT: These compounds were found to have good antiviral and fungicidal activities for the first time. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) research revealed that introducing bromine atom at the 5-position of indole ring is beneficial to antiviral activity, but introducing methoxy group is not conducive. Introducing bromine atom at 6 position of indole ring or nitrogen atom at 7 position of indole ring resulted in lower antiviral activity. Most of the meridianin derivatives shown higher anti-TMV activities at 500 µg/mL than Ribavirin, especially for compounds 6c, 8a and 10a. All of the compounds also displayed broad spectrum fungicidal activities against 14 kinds of phytopathogenic fungi at 50 µg/mL. CONCLUSION: Compound 6c with relatively simple structure and excellent antiviral activity, which is about similar to that of Ningnanmycin, emerged as novel anti-TMV lead compound. Compound 5d with broad spectrum and high effect fungicidal activity emerged as new fungicidal lead compound. Current research lays a solid foundation for the application of meridianin alkaloids in crop protection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152727, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757661

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to analyze the influencing factors of BVI in advanced gastric cancer and explore the factors affecting the prognosis of advanced gastric cancer, so as to accurately evaluate the disease status and enable patients to receive effective treatment. We retrospectively analyzed 622 cases with complete data and successful follow-up. BVI was found in 144 of the 622 patients with advanced gastric cancer, with a detection rate of 23.15%. BVI was closely related to the differentiation degree, infiltration depth and lymph node metastasis of advanced gastric cancer, (P <  0.05). Gender, age, tumor location, tumor size, Lauren classification, tumor M stage, and clinical TNM stage were not the influencing factors of BVI in patients with advanced gastric cancer (P >  0.05). The 5-year survival rate of patients in the positive group of BVI was 34.72%. The 5-year survival rate of patients with advanced gastric cancer was correlated with BVI, Lauren classification, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and clinical TNM staging, (P <  0.05). The 5-year survival rate was independent of gender, age, tumor location, tumor size, tumor tissue differentiation, and M stage (P >  0.05). The results of multi-factor analysis showed that BVI, N stage and clinical TNM stage were independent predictors of prognosis in patients with advanced radical gastric cancer. By analyzing the stage and related prognostic factors of resectable advanced gastric cancer, we found that BVI was not only closely related to lymph node metastasis, but also an independent predictor of prognosis of advanced gastric cancer. As this study was only a single-center retrospective study, there may be a selective bias in clinical data. So large-scale and multi-center collaboration is needed to further explore the influencing factors of BVI in the progression of gastric cancer.

18.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693337

RESUMO

We present a paper-based system that integrates bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) and isothermal amplification for the analysis of tumor-associated circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in clinical serum samples. The analysis procedure could be easily accomplished with two pieces of functionalized paper and a low-cost smartphone-based device, which enables sequence-specific quantification of femtomolar miRNAs, without the need for tedious handling of aqueous reactions and operation of sophisticated equipment. Furthermore, the analytical performance of the proposed paper-based system was highly stable at room temperature, demonstrating its capability for cold-chain-free and remote deployment. These qualities highlight the practical utility of our method for the portable and field-ready miRNA diagnostic tests in resource-limited settings.

19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707857

RESUMO

A new indole alkaloid, namely naucleofficine H (1), was obtained from the aqueous extract of Nauclea officinalis, together with four known alkaloids, vincosamide (2), strictosamide (3), angustoline (4) and pumiloside (5). Their structures were characterized by analyzing their physicochemical data including NMR, and HRMS. In addition, five compounds were tested for their proliferation activities. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (ERK) and phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 (p-ERK) were also detected in HUVEC treated withbioactive compounds using western blotting. The result showed that these compounds could promote HUVEC cell proliferation. Compounds 3 and 5 could up-regulate VEGF and p-ERK in HUVEC.

20.
J Nat Prod ; 82(11): 2972-2978, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686504

RESUMO

A concise total synthesis of (±)-conolidine, a potent nonopioid analgesic, in 19% overall yield is described here. A gold(I)-catalyzed Conia-ene reaction (Toste cyclization) and a Pictet-Spengler reaction served as key transformations for assembling the 1-azabicyclo[4.2.2]decane core and defining the geometry of the exocyclic double bond. The activation energies of formation of the vinyl-gold intermediates were calculated and revealed a silyl enol ether with an unprotected indole moiety as a suitable precursor for the Toste cyclization. This six-step synthesis did not involve any nonstrategic redox manipulations.

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