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1.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490650

RESUMO

Biofilm infections can induce chronic inflammation and stall the normal orchestrated course of wound-healing cascades. Herein, pH-switchable antimicrobial hydrogel with nanofiber networks for biofilm eradication and rescuing stalled healing in chronic wounds is reported on the basis of the self-assembly of a designed octapeptide (IKFQFHFD) at neutral pH. This hydrogel is biocompatible and exhibits an acidic pH (pathological environment of infected chronic wounds)-switchable broad-spectrum antimicrobial effect via a mechanism involving cell wall and membrane disruption. The antimicrobial activity of hydrogel is derived from its acidic pH-dependent nanofiber network destabilization and activated release of IKFQFHFD, which is antimicrobial only at acidic pH due to the antimicrobial peptide-like molecular structure. In addition, supramolecular nanofiber networks loaded with drugs of cypate (photothermal agent) and proline (procollagen component) are further developed. In vitro experiments show that loaded drugs exhibit acidic pH (pH ∼ 5.5)-responsive release profiles, and synergistic biofilm eradication and subsequent healing cascade activation of cells proliferation are achieved on the basis of the supramolecular nanofiber networks. Remarkably, the nanofiber networks of hydrogel enable in vivo complete healing of MRSA biofilm infected wound in diabetic mice within 20 days, showing great potential as promising chronic wound dressings. The proposed synergistic strategy for eradicating biofilm and activating subsequent healing cascades may offer a powerful modality for the management of clinical chronic wounds.

2.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 157: 69-79, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153479

RESUMO

Carboxylesterases (CarEs) are a major class of detoxification enzymes involved in insecticide resistance in various insect species. In this study, a novel CarE 001G was isolated from the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, one of the most destructive agricultural insect pests. The open reading frame of 001G has 2244 nucleotides and putatively encodes 747 amino acid residues. The deduced CarE possessed the highly conserved catalytic triads(Ser-Glu-His) and pentapeptide motifs (Gly-X-Ser-X-Gly), suggesting 001G is biologically active. The truncated 001G was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant proteins were purified and tested. The enzyme kinetic assay showed the purified proteins could catalyze two model substrates, α-naphthyl acetate and ß-naphthyl acetate, with a kcat of 8.8 and 2.3 s-1, a Km of 9.6 and 16.2 µM, respectively. The inhibition study with pyrethroid, organophosphate and neonicotinoid insecticides showed different inhibition profile against the purified CarE. The HPLC assay demonstrated that the purified proteins were able to metabolize ß-cypermethrin, λ-cyhalothrin and fenvalerate insecticides, exhibiting respective specific activities of 1.7, 1.4 and 0.5 nM/min/mg protein. However, the purified proteins were not able to metabolize the chlorpyrifos, parathion-methyl, paraoxon-ethyl and imidacloprid. The modeling and docking analyses consistently demonstrated that the pyrethroid molecule fits snugly into the catalytic pocket of the CarE 001G. Collectively, our results suggest that 001G may play a role in pyrethroids detoxification in H. armigera.


Assuntos
Carboxilesterase/metabolismo , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Mariposas/enzimologia , Mariposas/metabolismo , Animais , Carboxilesterase/genética , Mariposas/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrilos/metabolismo , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Piretrinas/metabolismo , Piretrinas/farmacologia
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(26): 23093-23101, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184853

RESUMO

Bacterial infections pose mounting public health concerns and cause an enormous medical and financial burden today. Rapid and sensitive detection of pathogenic bacteria at the point of care (POC) remains a paramount challenge. Here, we report a novel concept of bacteria-instructed click chemistry and employ it for POC microbial sensing. In this concept of bacteria-instructed click chemistry, we demonstrate for the first time that pathogenic bacteria can capture and reduce exogenous Cu2+ to Cu+ by leveraging their unique metabolic processes. The produced Cu+ subsequently acts as a catalyst to trigger the click reaction between gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified with azide and alkyne functional molecules, resulting in the aggregation of nanoparticles with a color change of the solution from red to blue. In this process, signal amplification from click chemistry is complied with the aggregation of functionalized AuNPs, thus presenting a robust colorimetric strategy for sensitive POC sensing of pathogenic bacteria. Notably, this colorimetric strategy is easily integrated in a smartphone app as a portable platform to achieve one-click detection in a mobile way. Moreover, with the help of the magnetic preseparation process, this smartphone app-assisted platform enables rapid (within 1 h) detection of Escherichia coli with high sensitivity (40 colony-forming units/mL) in the complex artificial sepsis blood samples, showing great potential for clinical early diagnosis of bacterial infections.

4.
J Dig Dis ; 20(8): 401-408, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for refractory irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Microbiota suspensions from feces of the donors were injected into the intestines of 30 Chinese patients with refractory IBS. Microbiota composition analysis and genomic DNA extraction of fecal samples obtained from these patients at baseline and 1 month after FMT were performed. Clinical efficacy and safety of FMT were assessed using questionnaires covering four aspects of IBS therapeutic efficacy and assessment of adverse effects during a 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: FMT improved IBS gastrointestinal symptoms and alleviated depression and anxiety, as shown by the improved IBS-QOL, IBS-SSS, GSRS, HAMA and HAMD scores at 1 month and 3 months after FMT. A total adverse event rate of FMT was 6.7% (2/30). Gut microbiota analysis revealed that FMT responders had a significantly higher Shannon diversity index before FMT than non-responders. In addition, analysis of differences in bacterial composition before and after FMT in responders showed specific abundance of the phyla Verrucomincrobia and Euryarchaeota at 1 month after FMT. At the genus level, Methanobrevibacter and Akkermansia were the most abundant fecal microbiota 1 month after FMT compared with those before FMT. CONCLUSIONS: FMT may be an effective and safe therapeutic strategy for treating IBS that achieves a sustained clinical response 3-6 months after the first procedure. Changes in the diversity and dominant flora may contribute to its therapeutic effect.

5.
Plant J ; 98(3): 448-464, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828924

RESUMO

Chromatin modifications are known to affect flowering time in plants, but little is known about how these modifications regulate flowering time in response to environmental signals like photoperiod. In Arabidopsis thaliana, HDC1, a conserved subunit of the RPD3-like histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex, was previously reported to regulate flowering time via the same mechanism as does the HDAC HDA6. Here, we demonstrate that HDC1, SNLs and MSI1 are shared subunits of the HDA6 and HDA19 HDAC complexes. While the late-flowering phenotype of the hda6 mutant is independent of photoperiod, the hda19, hdc1 and snl2/3/4 mutants flower later than or at a similar time to the wild-type in long-day conditions but flower earlier than the wild-type in short-day conditions. Our genome-wide analyses indicate that the effect of hdc1 on histone acetylation and transcription is comparable with that of hda19 but is different from that of hda6. Especially, we demonstrate that the HDA19 complex directly regulates the expression of two flowering repressor genes related to the gibberellin signaling pathway. Thus, the study reveals a photoperiod-dependent role of the HDA19 HDAC complex in the regulation of flowering time.

6.
Electrophoresis ; 40(7): 1019-1026, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548632

RESUMO

Despite the numerous techniques developed for the studying nanoparticle and peptide interaction nowadays, sensitive and convenient assay in the process of flow, especially to simulate the self-assembly of quantum dots (QDs) and peptide inflow in blood vessels, still remains big challenges. Here, we report a novel assay for studying the self-assembly of QDs and peptide, based on CE using a bending capillary. We demonstrate that the semicircles numbers of the bending capillary affect the self-assembly kinetics of CdSe/ZnS QDs and ATTO-D3 LVPRGSGP9 G2 H6 peptide. Moreover, benefitting from this novel assay, the effect of the position on the self-assembly has also been realized. More importantly, we also demonstrate that this novel assay can be used for studying the stability of the QDs-peptide complex inflow. We believe that our novel assay proposed in this work could be further used as a general strategy for the studying nanoparticle-biomolecule interaction or biomolecule-biomolecule interaction.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Peptídeos/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Compostos de Cádmio/química , Cinética , Multimerização Proteica , Compostos de Selênio/química , Sulfetos/química , Compostos de Zinco/química
7.
Korean J Radiol ; 19(6): 1110-1118, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386142

RESUMO

Objective: To perform a meta-analysis to quantitatively assess functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of locally recurrent prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2016. Diagnostic accuracy was quantitatively pooled for all studies by using hierarchical logistic regression modeling, including bivariate modeling and hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (HSROC) curves (AUCs). The Z test was used to determine whether adding functional MRI to T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) results in significantly increased diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Results: Meta-analysis of 13 studies involving 826 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy showed a pooled sensitivity and specificity of 91%, and the AUC was 0.96. Meta-analysis of 7 studies involving 329 patients who underwent radiotherapy showed a pooled sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 81%, and the AUC was 0.88. Meta-analysis of 11 studies reporting 1669 sextant biopsies from patients who underwent radiotherapy showed a pooled sensitivity of 54% and specificity of 91%, and the AUC was 0.85. Sensitivity after radiotherapy was significantly higher when diffusion-weighted MRI data were combined with T2WI than when only T2WI results were used. This was true when meta-analysis was performed on a per-patient basis (p = 0.027) or per sextant biopsy (p = 0.046). A similar result was found when 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) data were combined with T2WI and sextant biopsy was the unit of analysis (p = 0.036). Conclusion: Functional MRI data may not strengthen the ability of T2WI to detect locally recurrent prostate cancer in patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy. By contrast, diffusion-weight MRI and 1H-MRS data may improve the sensitivity of T2WI for patients who have undergone radiotherapy.

8.
J Sep Sci ; 2018 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30367708

RESUMO

Nowadays, despite numerous techniques available for the detection of antibody-peptide binding, sensitivity and detection limit inflow still remains a major challenge. Herein, we report a strategy for the detection of binding inflow of monoclonal anti-FLAG M2 antibody and 5,6-carboxyfluorescein-labeled FLAG tag in capillary. Antibody and peptides were sequentially injected into the capillary where they mixed and bound together. Capillary electrophoresis with fluorescence detection was employed to monitor the binding process, and the results showed that the efficacy of the antibody-peptide binding in capillary (in-capillary assay) is affected by the stoichiometry. Compared to the out-capillary assay, this novel assay showed different KD values and required a very short detection time, thus showing great potential for rapid detection as well as other applications. Additionally, our novel assay can be used to investigate the stability of the antibody-peptide complex. The addition of excess DYKDDDDK or TAMRA-DYKDDDDK, with similar binding priorities with M2, can leads to dissociation of the complex with a two-step mechanism including dissociation and association. We believed that our developed method can be extended to monitor wide range of other biomolecule interactions.

9.
Small ; : e1802745, 2018 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294858

RESUMO

Accurate tumor margin demarcation in situ remains a paramount challenge. Herein, a NanoFlare (also known as spherical-nucleic-acid technology) based strategy is reported for in situ tumor margin delineation by transforming and amplifying the pathophysiological redox signals of tumor microenvironment. The NanoFlare designed (named AuNS-ASON) is based on gold nanostar (AuNS) coated with a dense shell of disulfide bridge-inserted and cyanine dyes-labeled antisense oligonucleotides (ASON) targeting survivin mRNA. The unique anisotropic ASON-spike nanostructure endows the AuNS-ASON with universal cellular internalization of tumor cells, while the disulfide bridge inserted confers response specificity toward redox activation. In vitro experiments demonstrate that the AuNS-ASON can discriminate tumor cells rapidly with activated fluorescence signals (>100-fold) in 2 h, and further achieve synergistic gene/photothermal tumor cells ablation upon near-infrared laser irradiation. Remarkably, in situ tumor margin delineation with high accuracy and outstanding spatial resolution (<100 µm) in mice bearing different tumors is obtained based on the AuNS-ASON, providing intraoperative guidance for tumor resection. Moreover, the AuNS-ASON can enable efficient neoadjuvant gene/photothermal therapy before surgery to reduce tumor extent and increase resectability. The concept of NanoFlare-based microenvironment signal transformation and amplification could be used as a general strategy to guide the design of activatable nanoprobes for cancer theranostics.

10.
EMBO J ; 37(19)2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30104406

RESUMO

In eukaryotes, heterochromatin regions are typically subjected to transcriptional silencing. DNA methylation has an important role in such silencing and has been studied extensively. However, little is known about how methylated heterochromatin regions are subjected to silencing. We conducted a genetic screen and identified an epcr (enhancer of polycomb-related) mutant that releases heterochromatin silencing in Arabidopsis thaliana We demonstrated that EPCR1 functions redundantly with its paralog EPCR2 and interacts with PWWP domain-containing proteins (PWWPs), AT-rich interaction domain-containing proteins (ARIDs), and telomere repeat binding proteins (TRBs), thus forming multiple functionally redundant protein complexes named PEAT (PWWPs-EPCRs-ARIDs-TRBs). The PEAT complexes mediate histone deacetylation and heterochromatin condensation and thereby facilitate heterochromatin silencing. In heterochromatin regions, the production of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and DNA methylation is repressed by the PEAT complexes. The study reveals how histone deacetylation, heterochromatin condensation, siRNA production, and DNA methylation interplay with each other and thereby maintain heterochromatin silencing.

11.
Neural Regen Res ; 13(7): 1294-1304, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028342

RESUMO

Neurologic impairments are usually irreversible as a result of limited regeneration in the central nervous system. Therefore, based on the regenerative capacity of stem cells, transplantation therapies of various stem cells have been tested in basic research and preclinical trials, and some have shown great prospects. This manuscript overviews the cellular and molecular characteristics of embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, neural stem cells, retinal stem/progenitor cells, mesenchymal stem/stromal cells, and their derivatives in vivo and in vitro as sources for regenerative therapy. These cells have all been considered as candidates to treat several major neurological disorders and diseases, owing to their self-renewal capacity, multi-directional differentiation, neurotrophic properties, and immune modulation effects. We also review representative basic research and recent clinical trials using stem cells for neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and age-related macular degeneration, as well as traumatic brain injury and glioblastoma. In spite of a few unsuccessful cases, risks of tumorigenicity, and ethical concerns, most results of animal experiments and clinical trials demonstrate efficacious therapeutic effects of stem cells in the treatment of nervous system disease. In summary, these emerging findings in regenerative medicine are likely to contribute to breakthroughs in the treatment of neurological disorders. Thus, stem cells are a promising candidate for the treatment of nervous system diseases.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(11): 1357-1364, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786051

RESUMO

Objective: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has become one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease. Urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) contain rich biological information which could be the ideal source for noninvasive biomarkers of DKD. This review discussed the potential early diagnostic and therapeutic values of proteins and microRNAs in uEVs in DKD. Data Sources: This review was based articles published in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases up to November 20, 2017, with the following keywords: "Diabetic kidney disease", "Extracellular vesicle", and "Urine". Study Selection: Relevant articles were carefully reviewed, with no exclusions applied to the study design and publication type. Results: There is no "gold standard" technology to separate and/or purify uEVs. The uEVs contain a variety of proteins and RNAs and participate in the physiological and pathological processes of the kidney. UEVs, especially urinary exosomes, may be useful biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment to DKD. Furthermore, the uEVs has been used as a therapeutic target for DKD. Conclusion: Proteins and nucleic acids in uEVs represent promising biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of DKD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos
13.
Exp Ther Med ; 15(6): 5422-5430, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805551

RESUMO

Gastric carcinoma is one of the most common human malignancies and remains the second leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Gastric carcinoma is characterized by early-stage metastasis and is typically diagnosed in the advanced stage. Previous results have indicated that bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) overexpression has been demonstrated to inhibit growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of the BAMBI-mediated signaling pathway in the progression of gastric cancer are poorly understood. In the present study, to assess whether BAMBI overexpression inhibited the growth and aggressiveness of gastric carcinoma cells through regulation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß/epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling pathway, the growth and metastasis of gastric carcinoma cells were analyzed following BAMBI overexpression and knockdown in vitro and in vivo. Molecular changes in the TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway were studied in gastric carcinoma cells following BAMBI overexpression and knockdown. DNA methylation of the gene regions encoding the TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway was investigated in gastric carcinoma cells. Tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice was analyzed after mice were subjected to endogenous overexpression of BAMBI. Results indicated that BAMBI overexpression significantly inhibited gastric carcinoma cell growth and aggressiveness, whereas knockdown of BAMBI significantly promoted its growth and metastasis compared with the control (P<0.01). The TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway was downregulated in BAMBI-overexpressed gastric carcinoma cells; however, signaling was promoted following BAMBI knockdown. In addition, it was observed that BAMBI overexpression significantly downregulated the DNA methylation of the gene regions encoding the TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway (P<0.01). Furthermore, RNA interference-mediated BAMBI overexpression also promoted apoptosis in gastric cancer cells and significantly inhibited growth of gastric tumors in murine xenografts (P<0.01). In conclusion, the present findings suggest that BAMBI overexpression inhibited the TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway and suppressed the invasiveness of gastric tumors, suggesting BAMBI may be a potential target for the treatment of gastric carcinoma via regulation of the TGF-ß/EMT signaling pathway.

14.
Oncol Lett ; 15(4): 5933-5939, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552224

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common types of malignancy with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. This biologically heterogeneous disease results in diverse therapeutic responses, thus, novel prognostic biomarkers are required to improve CRC treatment. Estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) is a nuclear orphan receptor, which is associated with estrogen receptor α. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of ERRα in patients with CRC, and explore the association between ERRα expression and clinicopathological factors, local recurrence and prognosis. In the present study, ERRα expression was detected in 15 fresh CRC tissues using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and in 128 paraffin-embedded CRC tissues using immunohistochemistry. The associations between ERRα expression and prognosis of CRC patients were evaluated by univariate, and multivariate (Cox proportional hazards model) analysis. RT-qPCR demonstrated that the mRNA expression of ERRα in CRC tissues was significantly higher compared with that in matched normal tissues. Immunohistochemistry revealed that ERRα high expression was detected in the nuclei of cancer cells from 39.1% (50/128) of CRC tissues. ERRα expression based on immunohistochemical staining was significantly associated with tumor differentiation, tumor invasion, lymph node status and Dukes stage (all P<0.05). Furthermore, patients with high ERRα expression were significantly associated with an increased risk of recurrence and poor prognosis, compared with patients with low ERRα expression. ERRα expression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for patients with CRC. In conclusion, ERRα serves important roles in the progression of CRC and is a potential prognostic factor for patients with CRC.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 113: 900-906, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524489

RESUMO

Recently, the in-capillary electrophoresis assay has been applied to variety kinds of analyses owing to its multiple functional integrating features, including mixing of samples, reaction process of the mixtures, and the separation and detection in one capillary system. However, the micro-reactor still has its limitations to the currently available applications, especially the mixing step of the samples inside the capillary could not be well controlled automatically or manually. Herein, we have developed a novel capillary electrophoresis assay for the detection of antibody-peptide binding inside a bending capillary. Its efficacy was monitored using an anti-FLAG M2 antibody and its ligand conjugated with FAM dye (FAM-DYKD). The antibody and the peptide were mixed inside the bending capillary with sequential injections. It was found that the numbers of semi-circle on the capillary interfered by the antibody and peptide binding dynamic. Additionally, an online competition assay was performed, which further validated the efficacy of the bending capillary device on monitoring the dynamic binding between the antigen and antibody. In summary, our data suggests that the novel assay is a practical approach in monitoring the antibody-antigen complex formation at a nano-scale. It could be applied to detect any biomolecule-biomolecule interaction as a general strategy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Peptídeos/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ligação Competitiva , Peptídeos/química , Ligação Proteica
16.
Exp Ther Med ; 15(2): 1959-1965, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29434790

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and apoptosis serve an essential role in cisplatin-induced cardiotoxicity, which limits its clinical use, and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. As a natural drug, the antioxidant and antitumor effects of cyanidin have been recognized, but its protective effect on cisplatin-induced cardiomyocyte cytotoxicity remains unclear. H9c2 cells were treated with cisplatin (1-40 µM) in the presence or absence of cyanidin (40-80 µM), subsequently; oxidative stress, apoptosis and mitochondrial function were assessed using several techniques. The results demonstrated that cyanidin was able to dose-dependently reverse cisplatin-induced cell damage and apoptosis, attenuate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, downregulate the expression of Bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer, upregulate the expression of apoptosis regulator Bcl-2, and reduce the activation of caspase 3, caspase 9, but not caspase 8. Furthermore, the results revealed that the translocation of apoptosis regulator Bax (Bax) from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrial membrane serves an essential role in cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Cyanidin was able to block the translocation of Bax and reduce the release of cytochrome c from cytoplasm. These data indicate that cyanidin attenuates cisplatin-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting ROS-mediated apoptosis, while the mitochondrial and extracellular regulated kinase signaling pathways may also serve important roles.

17.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 60(5): 362-368, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29314758

RESUMO

LHP1 mediates recruitment of the PRC2 histone methyltransferase complex to chromatin and thereby facilitates maintenance of H3K27me3 on FLC, a key flowering repressor gene. Here, we report that the PWWP domain proteins (PDPs) interact with FVE and MSI5 to suppress FLC expression and thereby promote flowering. We demonstrated that FVE, MSI5, and PDP3 were co-purified with LHP1. The H3K27me3 level on FLC was decreased in the pdp mutants as well as in the fve/msi5 double mutant. This study suggests that PDPs function together with FVE and MSI5 to regulate the function of the PRC2 complex on FLC.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/química , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Flores/fisiologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Metilação , Domínios Proteicos , Fatores de Tempo
18.
J Cancer ; 9(2): 415-423, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29344288

RESUMO

Objective GP73 is a new hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) marker, which is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma and closely relates to prognosis. This study was to investigate the effects of GP73 on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, oxaliplatin (OXA) resistance and secretory clusterin (sCLU) of HCC cells. Materials and Methods Western blot and immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of GP73 in 8 types of commonly used HCC cell lines. Drug resistance was induced by increasing concentration gradient method. The drug-resistant human HCC cell lines underwent GP73 overexpression or inhibition. Flow cytometry were used to detect the proliferation and apoptosis of HCC cell lines. The changes of sCLU were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results The expression of GP73 in MHC-97H cells was the highest and in Hep3B cells the lowest. The expression of GP73 was found further elevated in OXA-resistant MHC-97H cells. After the knockdown of GP73 in OXA-resistant 97H cells, the IC50 of OXA decreased and the ability of cell proliferation decreased significantly. After over-expression of GP73 in OXA-resistant Hep3B cells, the IC50 of OXA increased and the cell proliferation ability increased, showing that GP73 is critical for OXA resistant in HCC cell lines; No significant change of sCLU level in GP73 overexpressed Hep3B and GP73 blocked MHCC-97H were identified. Conclusion The expression level of GP73 is critical for the resistance of OXA in HCC cell lines.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 495(1): 892-898, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29154990

RESUMO

The neural stem cell (NSC) niche in subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult mammalian brain contains dense vascular plexus, where endothelial cells (ECs) regulate NSCs by releasing plenty of angiocrine factors. However, the role of ECs-derived exosomes, a novel type of mediators of intercellular communications, in the regulation of NSCs remains unclear. In the current study, primary NSCs isolated from embryonic mouse brains form more neurospheres when cultured in the presence of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The supportive role of ECs in the coculture was significantly attenuated when GW4869, a blocker of exosome formation, was included, suggesting that HUVECs-derived exosomes played a significant role in supporting NSCs. In order to investigate the role of ECs-derived exosomes on NSCs, we collected exosomes from HUVECs. We found that HUVECs-derived exosomes could significantly promote the formation of neurospheres by primary murine NSCs. EdU incorporation and TUNEL assays indicated that the proliferation of NSCs increased while apoptosis decreased when cultured in the presence of HUVECs-derived exosomes. NSCs incubated with the HUVECs-derived exosomes maintained their potential of multi-lineage differentiation potentials. The expression of stemness-related genes was up-regulated. These data suggested that ECs-derived exosomes could play an importantly role in NSC niche, and they might be used as a reagent for ex vivo NSC amplification for medical application.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Nicho de Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos
20.
Nanoscale ; 10(1): 132-141, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135009

RESUMO

Despite the numerous bacteria detection and elimination techniques available nowadays, sensitive diagnosis and treatment of sepsis (caused by the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream), especially at the early stage, remain big challenges. Here we report a nanosystem for early sepsis diagnosis and complete extracorporeal blood disinfection, based on iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with chlorin e6 molecules and bacterial species-identifiable aptamers (Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt). We demonstrate that the Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem can achieve simultaneous blood bacterial species identification and enrichment in a single step, and the enriched bacteria can be easily detected with the assistance of fluorescence microscopic determination. Based on this Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem, successful diagnosis of sepsis caused by a single (Staphylococcus aureus) or multiple species (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) of bacteria in mice has been realized. Compared to the gold standard blood culture method, this Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem-based strategy has a comparable detection sensitivity (around 10 colony-forming units) but a significantly shortened diagnosis turnaround time (within 1.5 h), revealing its great potential for early sepsis diagnosis in clinical settings. Moreover, benefitting from the strong photodynamic effect of the Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem, complete extracorporeal blood disinfection has been achieved. Remarkably, we also demonstrate that the disinfected blood can be reused for mice transfusion application without inducing adverse reactions, indicating the fruitful potential of the Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem for sepsis treatment. Apart from the sepsis-associated applications, we believe that the Fe3O4-Ce6-Apt nanosystem could find wide applications in the fields of health and environmental sciences that require bacteria monitoring and sterilization.

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