Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 246
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191783

RESUMO

Herein, a new "Y-series" non-fullerene acceptor, Y21, bearing an asymmetric electron-deficient-core (DA'D) and fluorinated dicyanomethylene derivatives as flanking groups, was designed and synthesized for organic solar cell applications. Rather than being a perfect C2 symmetric traditional "Y-series" acceptor, Y21 possesses an electron-withdrawing unit (A') shifted from the center of DA'D, turning into an asymmetric molecular geometry. Photovoltaic devices based on PM6:Y21 can realize a high Jsc of 24.9 mA cm-2 and a PCE of 15.4%. Our work demonstrates a new way to tune the photoelectronic properties of the "Y-series" NFAs.

2.
iScience ; 23(3): 100965, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199291

RESUMO

Here we introduce a σ-hole-containing volatile solid additive, 1, 4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (A3), in PM6:Y6-based OSCs. Aside from the appropriate volatility of A3 additive, the synergetic halogen interactions between A3 and photoactive matrix contribute to more condensed and ordered molecular arrangement in the favorable interpenetrating donor/acceptor domains. As a result, greatly accelerated charge transport process with suppressed charge recombination possibility is observed and ultimately a champion PCE value of 16.5% is achieved. Notably, the A3 treated OSCs can maintain a high efficiency of over 16.0% in a wide concentration range of A3 additive between 10 and 35 mg/mL. The A3-treated device shows excellent stability with an efficiency of 15.9% after 360-h storage. This work demonstrates that the σ-hole interaction can be applied to enhance the OSC performance and highlights the importance of non-covalent interactions in the optoelectronic materials.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013381

RESUMO

A low-cost and high-performance bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell comprising an emerging polymer donor, poly[(thiophene)-alt-(6,7-difluoro-2-(2-hexyldecyloxy)quinoxaline)] (PTQ10), shows an efficiency of 12.7%. To improve the performance of the solar cells, a better understanding of the structure-property relationships of the PTQ10-based devices is crucial. Here, we fabricate PTQ10/nonfullerene and fullerene BHJ devices, including PTQ10/IDIC, PTQ10/ITIC, and PTQ10/PC71BM, processed with or without thermal annealing and additive and provide detailed descriptions of the relationships between the morphology and performance. PTQ10 is found to be highly miscible with nonfullerene IDIC and ITIC acceptors and poorly miscible with fullerene PC71BM acceptors. Thermal annealing promotes the crystallization of PTQ10 and phase separation of all PTQ10/IDIC, PTQ10/ITIC, and PTQ10/PC71BM devices, leading to an increased power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of the PTQ10/IDIC and PTQ10/ITIC devices but a decreased PCE of PTQ10/PC71BM devices with 1,8-di-iodooctane (DIO) additive. Without thermal annealing, DIO greatly improves the morphology of PTQ10/PC71BM, leading to a higher PCE. The results show that the degree of phase separation and ordering in the PTQ10-based devices significantly influences device performance. The morphology-property correlations demonstrated will assist in the rational design of these low-cost polymer donor-based solar cells to achieve even higher performance.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e1908478, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103580

RESUMO

The power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of flexible organic solar cells (OSCs) still lag behind those of rigid devices and their mechanical stability is unable to meet the needs of flexible electronics at present due to the lack of a high-performance flexible transparent electrode (FTE). Here, a so-called "welding" concept is proposed to design an FTE with tight binding of the upper electrode and the underlying substrate. The upper electrode consisting of solution-processed Al-doped ZnO (AZO) and silver nanowire (AgNW) network is well welded by utilizing the capillary force effect and secondary growth of AZO, leading to a reduction of the AgNWs junction site resistance. Meanwhile, the poly(ethylene terephthalate) is modified by embedding the AgNWs, which are then used to link with the AgNWs in the upper hybrid electrode, thus enhancing the adhesion of the electrode to the substrate. By this welding strategy, critical bottleneck issues relating to the FTEs in terms of optoelectronic and mechanical properties are comprehensively addressed. The single-junction flexible OSCs based on this welded FTE show a high performance, achieving a record high PCE of 15.21%. In addition, the PCEs of the flexible OSCs are less influenced by the device area and display robust bending durability even under extreme test conditions.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(4): 4358-4365, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904925

RESUMO

The lateral flow immunoassay test (LFT), as a method of a point of care test, is widely used in disease diagnosis, food security, and environment observation due to its portability and testing rapidity. A fluorescence lateral flow immunoassay was developed recently to enhance the sensitivity and accuracy of the LFT. However, for most fluorescence reporters, their emission and excitation wavelengths are located in the ultraviolet or visible region. Serum or whole blood significantly absorbs and scatters light of this region, and this will result in background signal interference. In this study, we replace traditional fluorescence reporters with near-infrared lanthanide-doped nanoparticles (NIR-RENPs) to establish a NIR-LFT platform. Blood and other biological samples scatter and absorb less near-infrared light than visible light, and the autofluorescence of biological samples is rarely located in this region. Therefore, using NIR light as a signal can diminish the interference of background noise and suffer from less signal attenuation. In addition, compared with commonly used NIR organic dye, NIR-RENPs have better stability. It is promising that lateral flow immunoassays based on NIR lanthanide-doped nanoparticles are able to acquire a lower detection limit and better accuracy, and they are more suitable for application in commercial settings.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(3): 1465-1474, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904234

RESUMO

Achieving efficient charge transfer at small frontier molecular orbital offsets between donor and acceptor is crucial for high performance polymer solar cells (PSCs). Here we synthesize a new wide band gap polymer donor, PTQ11, and a new low band gap acceptor, TPT10, and report a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) PSC (PCE = 16.32%) based on PTQ11-TPT10 with zero HOMO (the highest occupied molecular orbital) offset (ΔEHOMO(D-A)). TPT10 is a derivative of Y6 with monobromine instead of bifluorine substitution, and possesses upshifted lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy level (ELUMO) of -3.99 eV and EHOMO of -5.52 eV than Y6. PTQ11 is a derivative of low cost polymer donor PTQ10 with methyl substituent on its quinoxaline unit and shows upshifted EHOMO of -5.52 eV, stronger molecular crystallization, and better hole transport capability in comparison with PTQ10. The PSC based on PTQ11-TPT10 shows highly efficient exciton dissociation and hole transfer, so that it demonstrates a high PCE of 16.32% with a higher Voc of 0.88 V, a large Jsc of 24.79 mA cm-2, and a high FF of 74.8%, despite the zero ΔEHOMO(D-A) value between donor PTQ11 and acceptor TPT10. The PCE of 16.32% is one of the highest efficiencies in the PSCs. The results prove the feasibility of efficient hole transfer and high efficiency for the PSCs with zero ΔEHOMO(D-A), which is highly valuable for understanding the charge transfer process and achieving high PCE of PSCs.

7.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 41(4): e1900437, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894897

RESUMO

In the past 20 years, organic solar cells (OSCs) have made great progress in pursuing high power-conversion efficiencies, reaching the application threshold. Instead, device stability is becoming particularly important toward commercialization. There are many factors influencing the stability of OSCs, such as light, heat, humidity, oxygen, as well as device structure. Active layer materials, as the most critical functional layer in the devices, are greatly affected by these factors in terms of both efficiency and stability. Herein, it is desirable and urgent to summarize methods for obtaining active layer materials with long-term stability, mainly focusing on the chemical structure and blending morphology. Meanwhile, the corresponding degraded mechanism of OSCs is concluded and analyzed. In this outlook, challenges for developing high-performance and stable OSCs are discussed.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 9, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907363

RESUMO

Blood-brain barrier damage is a critical pathological feature of ischemic stroke. Oligodendrocyte precursor cells are involved in maintaining blood-brain barrier integrity during the development. However, whether oligodendrocyte precursor cell could sustain blood-brain barrier permeability during ischemic brain injury is unknown. Here, we investigate whether oligodendrocyte precursor cell transplantation protects blood-brain barrier integrity and promotes ischemic stroke recovery. Adult male ICR mice (n = 68) underwent 90 min transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. After ischemic assault, these mice received stereotactic injection of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (6 × 105). Oligodendrocyte precursor cells transplantation alleviated edema and infarct volume, and promoted neurological recovery after ischemic stroke. Oligodendrocyte precursor cells reduced blood-brain barrier leakage via increasing claudin-5, occludin and ß-catenin expression. Administration of ß-catenin inhibitor blocked the beneficial effects of oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Wnt7a protein treatment increased ß-catenin and claudin-5 expression in endothelial cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation, which was similar to the results of the conditioned medium treatment of oligodendrocyte precursor cells on endothelial cells. We demonstrated that oligodendrocyte precursor cells transplantation protected blood-brain barrier in the acute phase of ischemic stroke via activating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Our results indicated that oligodendrocyte precursor cells transplantation was a novel approach to the ischemic stroke therapy.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989831

RESUMO

Significance: Plant chloroplasts generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) during photosynthesis, especially under stresses. The sulfhydryl groups of protein cysteine residues are susceptible to redox modifications, which regulate protein structure and function, and thus different signaling and metabolic processes. The ROS-governed protein thiol redox switches play important roles in chloroplasts. Recent Advances: Various high-throughput thiol redox proteomic approaches have been developed, and they have enabled the improved understanding of redox regulatory mechanisms in chloroplasts. For example, the thioredoxin-modulated antioxidant enzymes help to maintain cellular ROS homeostasis. The light- and dark-dependent redox regulation of photosynthetic electron transport, the Calvin/Benson cycle, and starch biosynthesis ensures metabolic coordination and efficient energy utilization. In addition, redox cascades link the light with the dynamic changes of metabolites in nitrate and sulfur assimilation, shikimate pathway, and biosynthesis of fatty acid hormone as well as purine, pyrimidine, and thiamine. Importantly, redox regulation of tetrapyrrole and chlorophyll biosynthesis is critical to balance the photodynamic tetrapyrrole intermediates and prevent oxidative damage. Moreover, redox regulation of diverse elongation factors, chaperones, and kinases plays an important role in the modulation of gene expression, protein conformation, and posttranslational modification that contribute to photosystem II (PSII) repair, state transition, and signaling in chloroplasts. Critical Issues: This review focuses on recent advances in plant thiol redox proteomics and redox protein networks toward understanding plant chloroplast signaling, metabolism, and stress responses. Future Directions: Using redox proteomics integrated with biochemical and molecular genetic approaches, detailed studies of cysteine residues, their redox states, cross talk with other modifications, and the functional implications will yield a holistic understanding of chloroplast stress responses.

10.
Stroke ; 51(2): 619-627, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822249

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption is a critical pathological feature after stroke. MicroRNA-126 (miR-126) maintains BBB integrity by regulating endothelial cell function during development. However, the role of miR-126-3p and -5p in BBB integrity after stroke is unclear. Here, we investigated whether miR-126-3p and -5p overexpression regulates BBB integrity after cerebral ischemia. Methods- A lentivirus carrying genes encoding miR-126-3p or -5p was stereotactically injected into adult male Institute of Cancer Research mouse brains (n=36). Permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion was performed 2 weeks after virus injection. Brain infarct volume, edema volume, and modified neurological severity score were assessed at 1 and 3 days after ischemia. Immunostaining of ZO-1 (zonula occludens-1) and occludin was used to evaluate BBB integrity. IL-1ß (interleukin-1ß), TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α), VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1), and E-selectin expression levels were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Results- The expression of miR-126-3p and -5p decreased at 1 and 3 days after ischemia (P<0.05). Injection of lentiviral miR-126-3p or -5p reduced brain infarct volume and edema volume (P<0.05) and attenuated the decrease in ZO-1/occludin protein levels and IgG leakage at 3 days after stroke (P<0.05). Injection of lentiviral miR-126-5p improved behavioral outcomes at 3 days after stroke (P<0.05). miR-126-3p and -5p overexpression downregulated the expression of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α and adhesion molecules VCAM-1 and E-selectin, as well as decreased MPO+ (myeloperoxidase positive) cell numbers at 3 days after ischemia (P<0.05). Conclusions- miR-126-3p and -5p overexpression reduced the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules, and attenuated BBB disruption after ischemic stroke, suggesting that miR-126-3p and -5p are new therapeutic targets in the acute stage of stroke.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(3): 1787, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859316

RESUMO

Correction for 'A new non-fullerene acceptor based on the combination of a heptacyclic benzothiadiazole unit and a thiophene-fused end group achieving over 13% efficiency' by Yunqiang Zhang et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, DOI: .

12.
Plant Methods ; 15: 134, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832076

RESUMO

Background: Post-transcriptional gene regulation is one of the critical layers of overall gene expression programs and microRNAs (miRNAs) play an indispensable role in this process by guiding cleavage on the messenger RNA targets. The transcriptome-wide cleavages on the target transcripts can be identified by analyzing the degradome or PARE or GMUCT libraries. However, high-throughput sequencing of PARE or degradome libraries using Illumina platform, a widely used platform, is not so straightforward. Moreover, the currently used degradome or PARE methods utilize MmeI restriction site in the 5' RNA adapter and the resulting fragments are only 20-nt long, which often poses difficulty in distinguishing between the members of the same target gene family or distinguishing miRNA biogenesis intermediates from the primary miRNA transcripts belonging to the same miRNA family. Consequently, developing a method which can generate longer fragments from the PARE or degradome libraries which can also be sequenced easily using Illumina platform is ideal. Results: In this protocol, 3' end of the 5'RNA adaptor of TruSeq small RNA library is modified by introducing EcoP15I recognition site. Correspondingly, the double-strand DNA (dsDNA) adaptor sequence is also modified to suit with the ends generated by the restriction enzyme EcoP15I. These modifications allow amplification of the degradome library by primer pairs used for small RNA library preparation, thus amenable for sequencing using Illumina platform, like small RNA library. Conclusions: Degradome library generated using this improved protocol can be sequenced easily using Illumina platform, and the resulting tag length is ~ 27-nt, which is longer than the MmeI generated fragment (20-nt) that can facilitate better accuracy in validating target transcripts belonging to the same gene family or distinguishing miRNA biogenesis intermediates of the same miRNA family. Furthermore, this improved method allows pooling and sequencing degradome libraries and small RNA libraries simultaneously using Illumina platform.

14.
Adv Mater ; 31(52): e1905480, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867848

RESUMO

Four low-cost copolymer donors of poly(thiophene-quinoxaline) (PTQ) derivatives are demonstrated with different fluorine substitution forms to investigate the effect of fluorination forms on charge separation and voltage loss (Vloss ) of the polymer solar cells (PSCs) with the PTQ derivatives as donor and a A-DA'D-A-structured molecule Y6 as acceptor. The four PTQ derivatives are PTQ7 without fluorination, PTQ8 with bifluorine substituents on its thiophene D-unit, PTQ9, and PTQ10 with monofluorine and bifluorine substituents on their quinoxaline A-unit respectively. The PTQ8- based PSC demonstrates a low power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 0.90% due to the mismatch in the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy levels alignment between the donor and acceptor. In contrast, the devices based on PTQ9 and PTQ10 show enhanced charge-separation behavior and gradually reduced Vloss , due to the gradually reduced nonradiative recombination loss in comparison with the PTQ7-based device. As a result, the PTQ10-based PSC demonstrates an impressive PCE of 16.21% with high open-circuit voltage and large short-circuit current density simultaneously, and its Vloss is reduced to 0.549 V. The results indicate that rational fluorination of the polymer donors is a feasible method to achieve fast charge separation and low Vloss simultaneously in the PSCs.

15.
Adv Mater ; 31(52): e1904601, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721329

RESUMO

The use of a ternary active layer offers a promising approach to enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of polymer solar cells (PSCs) via simply incorporating a third component. Here, a ternary PSC with improved efficiency and stability facilitated by a new small molecule IBC-F is demonstrated. Even though the PBDB-T:IBC-F-based device gives an extremely low PCE of only 0.21%, a remarkable PCE of 15.06% can be realized in the ternary device based on PBDB-T:IE4F-S:IBC-F with 20% IBC-F, which is ≈10% greater than that (PCE = 13.70%) of the control binary device based on PBDB-T:IE4F-S. The improvement in the device performance of the ternary PSC is mainly attributed to the enhancement of fill factor, which is due to the improved charge dissociation and extraction, suppressed bimolecular and trap-assisted recombination, longer charge-carrier lifetime, and enhanced intermolecular interactions for preferential face-on orientation. Additionally, the ternary device with 20% IBC-F shows better thermal and photoinduced stability over the control binary device. This work provides a new angle to develop the third components for building ternary PSCs with enhanced photovoltaic performance and stability for practical applications.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(48): 26557-26563, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782431

RESUMO

A new non-fullerene acceptor, namely Y10, based on dithienothiophen[3,2-b]-pyrrolobenzothiadiazole (TPBT) as the central core and 2-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydro-4H-cyclopenta[c]thiophen-4-ylidene)malononitrile (TC) as the electron-deficient end group, has been designed and synthesized. Y10 reveals a narrow optical energy gap (Eoptg) of 1.35 eV with a broad absorption band from 600 to 900 nm. A wide bandgap polymer, J11, as the donor material (Eoptg = 1.96 eV) is used to blend with Y10 for the construction of organic solar cell devices, which achieve an impressive power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.46% with an open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.89 V, a short circuit current (Jsc) of 21.21 mA cm-2, and a fill factor (FF) of 71.55%, with thermal annealing treatment at 100 °C for 5 min and 0.8 wt% 1-chloronaphthalene (CN) as an additive. These results indicate that the incorporation of the TPBT unit as the central core and the TC unit as the electron-deficient end group provides an efficient strategy for the construction of high performance solar cells.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(45): 42104-42113, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657893

RESUMO

Li-S battery has tremendous application prospect on account of the high theoretical specific capacity and large energy density, while its large-scale application is impeded by the severe shuttle effect and the slow electrochemical kinetics of polysulfides conversion. Herein, the Lewis acidic yttria hollow spheres (YHS) are rationally designed as both sulfur immobilizer and catalyst of polysulfides conversion for the advanced Li-S batteries. It can be known that the Lewis acidic yttria can effectively capture the Lewis basic polysulfides and thus mitigate the shuttle effect of Li-S battery; besides, yttria shows the enhanced catalytic effect for the kinetics of interconversion reaction from polysulfides to Li2S. As a result, either as a sulfur host or as the separator coating, yttria plays a vital part in realizing the high specific discharge capacity and good cycle stability for Li-S battery. In particular, Li-S battery with YHS@C/S cathode and YHS/CNT-0.6- modified separator (2.1 mg cm-2 active material loading) shows a good specific discharge capacity of 912.5 mAh g-1 at 0.5C. Even after 200 steady cycles, the discharge specific capacity can keep as 842.3 mAh g-1, and the capacity decay rate is only 0.038% per cycle. When active material areal loading is increased to 4.24 mg cm-2, it still maintains a considerable areal capacity of 3.79 mAh cm-2. In consequence, the synergy of polysulfides confinement and catalytic conversion reaction provides a meaningful exploration for achieving the high performance of Li-S batteries.

18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4593, 2019 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597916

RESUMO

Charged defects at the surface of the organic-inorganic perovskite active layer are detrimental to solar cells due to exacerbated charge carrier recombination. Here we show that charged surface defects can be benign after passivation and further exploited for reconfiguration of interfacial energy band structure. Based on the electrostatic interaction between oppositely charged ions, Lewis-acid-featured fullerene skeleton after iodide ionization (PCBB-3N-3I) not only efficiently passivates positively charged surface defects but also assembles on top of the perovskite active layer with preferred orientation. Consequently, PCBB-3N-3I with a strong molecular electric dipole forms a dipole interlayer to reconfigure interfacial energy band structure, leading to enhanced built-in potential and charge collection. As a result, inverted structure planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells exhibit the promising power conversion efficiency of 21.1% and robust ambient stability. This work opens up a new window to boost perovskite solar cells via rational exploitation of charged defects beyond passivation.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(43): 40339-40346, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603307

RESUMO

Constructing random copolymers has been regarded as an easy and effective approach to design polymer donors for state-of-the-art polymer solar cells (PSCs). In this work, we develop a naphtho[2,3-c]thiophene-4,9-dione-based copolymer PBN-Cl as a donor material for PSCs, and a moderate power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.21% is achieved with a relatively low fill factor (FF) of 0.615. We then incorporate a similar acceptor unit benzo[1,2-c:4,5-c']dithiophene-4,8-dione (BDD) into the polymeric backbone of PBN-Cl to tune its photovoltaic performance, and a significantly higher PCE of 14.05% is achieved from the random polymer PBN-Cl-B80 containing 80% BDD unit. The enhanced PCE of the PBN-Cl-B80-based device mainly relies on the higher FF value, resulting from the improved charge mobility properties, reduced bimolecular and trap-assisted recombination, and more appropriate phase separation. The results demonstrate a feasible strategy to tune the photovoltaic performance of polymer donors by constructing a random polymer with a compatible component.

20.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 386, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) often develop hypertension in childhood or early adulthood. Although this could result in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, prior studies of LVH in ADPKD have yielded conflicting results. We estimated the prevalence of LVH using consensus echocardiography criteria and examined the independent association of ADPKD severity with LV mass in a contemporary cohort of ADPKD patients. METHODS: Adults with ADPKD and eGFR> 15 ml/min/1.73m2 were enrolled in a single-center study. Left Ventricular Mass (LVM) was quantified using 2D echocardiography, and LVH was defined using gender-specific cut-points of LVM and LVM indexed to body surface area (LVMI) from consensus guidelines. Total Kidney Volume (TKV) was quantified using Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and GFR was estimated from serum creatinine using the CKD-Epi equation. Multiple linear regression was used to estimate the association of TKV and eGFR with LVM and LVMI, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Among 126 participants (78% with hypertension), median age was 46 years, median eGFR 63 ml/min/1.73 m2, and median [IQR] systolic blood pressure was 125 [116-133] mmHg. Prevalence of LVH was 21.4% as defined by LVMI and was not significantly different (p = 0.8) between those with and without HTN, and was similar (21.4%) after excluding those (N = 21) with known cardiac disease. Greater TKV and lower eGFR were directly correlated with greater LVMI (p = .016 and p < .001, respectively). In multiple linear regression models accounting for potential confounders including blood pressure, greater TKV was positively associated with LVM ([Formula: see text] =0.19, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary cohort of ADPKD patients with well-controlled blood pressure, the prevalence of LVH is high, and ADPKD severity as reflected by TKV is independently associated with greater LV mass. These results may suggest a relationship between ADPKD pathophysiology and increased LV mass.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA