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1.
Int J Pharm ; : 119936, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038455

RESUMO

Ethosomes are widely applied as the carriers for the transdermal delivery of hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs. Herein, curcumin-loaded ethosomes (CE) with different phospholipid composition were formulated and thoroughly compared. A significant interaction between the unsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) and saturated hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine (HPC) was found by molecular simulation and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), which led to the reduction of PC peroxidation with the presence of HPC. Subsequently, the composite phospholipid ethosomes containing curcumin were prepared for the first time to evaluate their properties in comparison with the conventional ethosomes composed of PC (CE-P) or HPC (CE-H). CE with PC/HPC ratio of 1:1 (CE-P1H1) with the best vesicle stability and flexibility significantly decreased the uptake by HaCaT cells compared to CE-H and free curcumin, indicating reduced skin cell toxicity. Compared with free curcumin, CE-P1H1 had the highest transdermal efficiency (p<0.001), followed by CE-P (p<0.05), partly due to the fact that CE-P1H1 could disturb lipid domain of stratum corneum (SC). Moreover, CE-P1H1 was found to promote curcumin for deep penetration of the skin via the hair follicles route. Our study has shown that using composite phospholipid ethosomes as lipid vesicular carriers could enhance transdermal penetration of drugs and increase in the vesicle stability.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047847

RESUMO

Viral myocarditis (VMC) commonly triggers heart failure, for which no specific treatments are available. This study aims to explore the specific role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) maternally expressed 3 (MEG3) in VMC. A VMC mouse model was induced by Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). Then, MEG3 and TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) were silenced and microRNA-223 (miR-223) was over-expressed in the VMC mice, followed by determination of ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS). Dual-luciferase reporter assay was introduced to test the interaction among MEG3, TRAF6 and miR-223. Macrophages were isolated from cardiac tissues and bone marrow, and polarization of M1 or M2 macrophages was induced. Then, the expressions of components of NLRP3 inflammatory body (NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1), M1 markers (CD86, iNOS and TNF-α) and M2 markers (CD206, Arginase-1 and Fizz-1) were measured following MEG3 silencing. In the VMC mouse model, MEG3 and TRAF6 levels were obviously increased, while miR-223 expression was significantly reduced. Down-regulation of MEG3 resulted in the inhibition of TRAF6 by promoting miR-223. TRAF6 was negatively correlated with miR-223, but positively correlated with MEG3 expression. Down-regulations of MEG3 or TRAF6 or up-regulation of miR-223 was observed to increase mouse weight, survival rate, LVEF and LVFS, while inhibiting myocarditis and inflammation via the NF-κB pathway inactivation in VMC mice. Down-regulation of MEG3 decreased M1 macrophage polarization and elevated M2 macrophage polarization by up-regulating miR-223. Collectively, down-regulation of MEG3 leads to the inhibition of inflammation and induces M2 macrophage polarization via miR-223/TRAF6/NF-κB axis, thus alleviating VMC.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1598-1604, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of MutT homolog 1 (MTH1) in CD138-negative cells (CD138-) and CD138-positive cells (CD138+) cells of the patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to explore the effect of MTH1 inhibitor TH588 on cell morphology, proliferation and apoptosis of MM cell U266. METHODS: CD138- and CD138+ cells of MM patients were isolated, and RNA was extracted. The expression of NUDT family was detected by Q-PCR. MM cell line U266 was used to observe the effect of IL-6 on MTH1 expression. Using fluorescence microscopy to observe the morphological changes of U266 after treatment by TH588 for 48 hours. DAPI staining was used to investigate the nuclear change. Luciferase was used to detect the effect of TH588 on U266 cell proliferation. After treatment with TH588 for 48 h, the change of apoptosis in MM U266 cells was detected by flow cytometer. RESULTS: In some MM patients, the expression of MTH1, NUDT2, NUDT5 and NUDT21 in CD138+ cells was higher than that in CD138- (P<0.05). The luciferase report showed that after treatment of U266 cells with TH588, the fluorescence intensity was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the fluorescence intensity decreased with the increase of drug concentration (r=-0.91). IL-6 could increase the expression of MTH1. Fluorescence microscopy showed that after TH588 treatment of U266 cells for 48 hours, the cells appeared shrinking, smaller, and irregular in shape. After DAPI staining, the TH588-treated cells showed apoptosis characteristics, such as nuclear shrinkage, uneven staining, petal, and radial shape. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of U266 viable cells decreased significantly after treatment with TH588 for 48 h (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: MTH1 highly expresses in CD138+ cells of some MM patients. MTH1 expression can increase in U266 cells treated by IL-6. The MTH1 inhibitor TH588 possesses proliferation-inhibitory effect and apoptosis-inducing effect on MM cell U266.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Fator de Especificidade de Clivagem e Poliadenilação , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases
4.
Emerg Radiol ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-842122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify and quantify lung changes associated with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) with quantitative lung CT during the disease. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed COVID-19 patients who underwent multiple chest CT scans during their disease course. Quantitative lung CT was used to determine the nature and volume of lung involvement. A semi-quantitative scoring system was also used to evaluate lung lesions. RESULTS: This study included eighteen cases (4 cases in mild type, 10 cases in moderate type, 4 cases in severe type, and without critical type cases) with confirmed COVID-19. Patients had a mean hospitalized period of 24.1 ± 7.1 days (range: 14-38 days) and underwent an average CT scans of 3.9 ± 1.6 (range: 2-8). The total volumes of lung abnormalities reached a peak of 8.8 ± 4.1 days (range: 2-14 days). The ground-glass opacity (GGO) volume percentage was higher than the consolidative opacity (CO) volume percentage on the first CT examination (Z = 2.229, P = 0.026), and there was no significant difference between the GGO volume percentage and that of CO at the peak stage (Z = - 0.628, P = 0.53). The volume percentage of lung involvement identified by AI demonstrated a strong correlation with the total CT scores at each stage (r = 0.873, P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative lung CT can automatically identify the nature of lung involvement and quantify the dynamic changes of lung lesions on CT during COVID-19. For patients who recovered from COVID-19, GGO was the predominant imaging feature on the initial CT scan, while GGO and CO were the main appearances at peak stage.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079536

RESUMO

A 4-center, 6π-conjugated, multiply bonded trigonal-planar complex, [Sb{Cr(CO)5}3]- (1), was synthesized via the hydride abstraction of [HSb{Cr(CO)5}3]2- (1-H) with HBF4·H2O, with the release of high yields of H2. The oxidation state of the Sb atom in [Et4N][1] was well-defined as 0, which was evidenced by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near-edge structure. The distinct color-structure relationship of this low-valent Sb complex 1 toward a wide range of organic solvents was demonstrated, as interpreted by time-dependent density functional theory calculations, allowing the trigonal-planar 1 and the tetrahedral solvent adducts to be probed, revealing the dual acid/base properties of the Sb center. In addition, 1 showed pronounced electrophilicity toward anionic and neutral nucleophiles, even with solvent molecules, to produce tetrahedral complexes [(Nu)Sb{Cr(CO)5}3]n- [1-Nu; n = 2, Nu = H, F, Cl, Br, I, OH; n = 1, Nu = PEt3, PPh3, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), acetonitrile (MeCN)]. On the contrary, the Fe/Cr hydride complex [HSb{Fe(CO)4}{Cr(CO)5}2]2- (2-H) was obtained by treating 1 with [HFe(CO)4]-. Upon hydride abstraction of 2-H with HBF4·H2O or [CPh3][BF4], a multiply bonded Fe/Cr trigonal-planar complex, [Sb{Fe(CO)4}{Cr(CO)5}2]- (2), was produced in which the oxidation coupling Sb2-containing complexes [Sb2Cr4Fe2(CO)28]2- (3-Cr) and [HSb2Cr3Fe2(CO)23]- (3-H) were yielded as final products. Complex 3-Cr exhibited dual Lewis acid/base properties via hydridation and protonation reactions, to form 2-H or 3-H, respectively. Surprisingly, [Et4N][1] possessed a low energy gap of 1.13 eV with an electrical conductivity in the range of (1.10-2.77) × 10-6 S·cm-1, showing that [Et4N][1] was a low-energy-gap semiconductor. The crystal packing, crystal indexing, and density of states results of [Et4N][1] further confirmed the efficient through-space conduction pathway via the intermolecular Sb···O(carbonyl) and O(carbonyl)···O(carbonyl) interactions of the 1D anionic zigzag chain of 1.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt B): 124159, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080556

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are considered to have greater environmental hazards than large plastics. Most MPs undergo different degrees of aging and aged MPs exhibit different physicochemical properties from pristine ones. This study successfully prepared a nano-TiO2 coated polypropylene MPs, and explored the nanoscale infrared, thermal, and mechanical properties of MPs before and after photo-aging using a combined AFM-IR technique. Surface height range of MPs was ± 25 nm. The signal intensity of the absorption peak at 1654 cm-1 in terms of vinylidene end groups gradually increased as the irradiation time prolonged. The softening temperature of MPs decreased from 126.7 °C to 108.5 °C as the irradiation time increased from 0 h to 4 h. The MPs after photo-aging became stiffer, especially for the components surrounding the nano-TiO2 particle, indicating that photocatalytic reaction accelerated the aging process of MPs. The resonance frequency of MPs surrounding the nano-TiO2 particle was stronger after photo-aging and the stiffer components were uniformly distributed, confirming that the thermal and mechanical properties of MPs changed after photo-aging. These novel findings are essential to better understand the changes in the surface microstructures, physical properties, and chemical compositions of MPs during aging process.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081158

RESUMO

The thermoelectric property of the monolayer MAs2 (M = Ni, Pd and Pt) is predicted based on first principles calculations, while combining with the Boltzmann transport theory to confirm the influence of phonon and electricity transport property on the thermoelectric performance. More specifically, on the basis of stable geometry structure, the lower lattice thermal conductivity of the monolayer NiAs2, PdAs2 and PtAs2 is obtained corresponding to 5.9, 2.9 and 3.6 W/mK. Furthermore, the results indicate that the monolayer MAs2 have moderate direct bang-gap, in which the monolayer PdAs2 can reach 0.8 eV. The Seebeck coefficient, power factor and thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) were calculated at 300, 500 and 700 K by performing the Boltzmann transport equation and the relaxation time approximation. Among them, we can affirm that the monolayer PdAs2 possesses the maximum ZT of about 2.1, which is derived from a very large power factor of 3.9 × 1011 W/K2ms and lower thermal conductivity of 1.4 W/mK at 700 K. The monolayer MAs2 can be a promising candidate for application at thermoelectric materials.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(19): 19520-19538, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040050

RESUMO

Cognitive dysfunction caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is a common underlying cause of many cognition-related neurodegenerative diseases. The mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction caused by CCH are not clear. Long non-coding RNA is involved in synaptic plasticity and cognitive function, but whether lncRNA is involved in cognitive dysfunction caused by CCH has not yet been reported. In the present study, we identified the altered lncRNAs and mRNAs by deep RNA sequencing. A total of 128 mRNAs and 91 lncRNAs were up-regulated, and 108 mRNAs and 98 lncRNAs were down-regulated. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction verified the reliability of the lncRNA and mRNA sequencing. Gene Ontology and KEGG pathway analyses showed that differentially-expressed mRNAs were related to peptide antigen binding, the extracellular space, the monocarboxylic acid transport, and tryptophan metabolism. The co-expression analysis showed that 161 differentially expressed lncRNAs were correlated with DE mRNAs. By predicting the miRNA in which both DE lncRNAs and DE mRNAs bind together, we constructed a competitive endogenous RNA network. In this lncRNAs-miRNAs-mRNAs network, 559 lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA targeted pairs were identified, including 83 lncRNAs, 67 miRNAs, and 108 mRNAs. Through GO and KEGG pathway analysis, we further analyzed and predicted the regulatory function and potential mechanism of ceRNA network regulation. Our results are helpful for understanding the pathogenesis of cognitive dysfunction caused by CCH and provide direction for further research.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 59(20): 15019-15027, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000937

RESUMO

Two novel fac-Re(CO)3-based rectangles {[(CO)3Re(µ-Cl)2Re(CO)3]2(µ-L)2} (1) and {[(CO)3Re(µ-OC4H9)2Re(CO)3]2(µ-L)2}(2) based on new photochromic dithienylethene-containing ligand 2,7-di(pyridin-4-yl)-9,10-bis(5-chloro-2-methylthien-3-yl)-phenanthrene (L) were prepared. They displayed varying photochromic properties both in solution and in the single-crystal state. Through a judicious choice of the bridging ligands along the short sides of the rectangles, the photophysical and electrochemical properties of the complexes could also be readily tuned.

12.
J Surg Res ; 258: 162-169, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) is a minimally invasive technique widely developed in the last few decades. Although magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) is used during cholangiojejunostomy, its applicability in LPD has not yet been reported. Herein, we evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of magnamosis in LPD. METHODS: Between January 2018 and December 2019, seven patients who underwent laparoscopic magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy (LMC-CJ) or laparoscopic magnetic compression pancreatojejunostomy (LMC-PJ) in LPD were enrolled. After LPD, a parent magnet with or without a drainage tube was placed in the proximal bile duct and pancreatic duct of each patient. Daughter magnets were introduced to couple with the parent magnets at the desired sites. A close postoperative surveillance of magnet movements was performed. Various relevant data were collected, and all patients were followed up until February 2020. RESULTS: LPD was successfully completed in all seven patients, of which seven underwent LMC-CJ and two received LMC-PJ. The median time needed for completion of LMC-CJ was 11 min (range, 8-16). The cost time for the two cases of LMC-PJ was 12 and 15 min, respectively. After a median time of 50 d (range, 40-170) postoperation, all magnets were expelled. No leakages of LMC-CJ or LMC-PJ were observed after operation. After a median follow-up period of 11 mo (range, 4-18), there was no incidence of anastomotic stricture.

13.
Pathogens ; 9(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065983

RESUMO

Morels (Morchella spp.) are popular edible fungi with significant economic and scientific value. However, white mold disease, caused by Paecilomyces penicillatus, can reduce morel yield by up to 80% in the main cultivation area in China. Paecilomyces is a polyphyletic genus and the exact phylogenetic placement of P. penicillatus is currently still unclear. Here, we obtained the first high-quality genome sequence of P. penicillatus generated through the single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing platform. The assembled draft genome of P. penicillatus was 40.2 Mb, had an N50 value of 2.6 Mb and encoded 9454 genes. Phylogenetic analysis of single-copy orthologous genes revealed that P. penicillatus is in Hypocreales and closely related to Hypocreaceae, which includes several genera exhibiting a mycoparasitic lifestyle. CAZymes analysis demonstrated that P. penicillatus encodes a large number of fungal cell wall degradation enzymes. We identified many gene clusters involved in the production of secondary metabolites known to exhibit antifungal, antibacterial, or insecticidal activities. We further demonstrated through dual culture assays that P. penicillatus secretes certain soluble compounds that are inhibitory to the mycelial growth of Morchella sextelata. This study provides insights into the correct phylogenetic placement of P. penicillatus and the molecular mechanisms that underlie P. penicillatus pathogenesis.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 817, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999282

RESUMO

In eukaryotic cells, lysosomes are digestive centers where biological macromolecules are degraded by phagocytosis and autophagy, thereby maintaining cellular self-renewal capacity and energy supply. Lysosomes also serve as signaling hubs to monitor the intracellular levels of nutrients and energy by acting as platforms for the assembly of multiple signaling pathways, such as mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The structural integrity and functional balance of lysosomes are essential for cell function and viability. In fact, lysosomal damage not only disrupts intracellular clearance but also results in the leakage of multiple contents, which pose great threats to the cell by triggering cell death pathways, including apoptosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis, and ferroptosis. The collapse of lysosomal homeostasis is reportedly critical for the pathogenesis and development of various diseases, such as tumors, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and inflammatory diseases. Lysosomal quality control (LQC), comprising lysosomal repair, lysophagy, and lysosomal regeneration, is rapidly initiated in response to lysosomal damage to maintain lysosomal structural integrity and functional homeostasis. LQC may be a novel but pivotal target for disease treatment because of its indispensable role in maintaining intracellular homeostasis and cell fate.

15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 156: 407-419, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010551

RESUMO

Carotenoids are a group of natural tetraterpenoid pigments with essential roles in a variety of physiological processes of plants. Although carotenoid biosynthesis has been well characterized, the genetic basis of the pathway, especially in crop plants, is largely unknown. In this study, we characterized a new albino maize mutant called albino1 (alb1), which was obtained from a Mutator mutagenized population. The alb1 mutant showed defective chloroplast development and declined photosynthetic pigments, leading to a seedling-lethal phenotype. Genetic and molecular analyses indicated that ALB1 encoded a putative ζ-carotene desaturase (ZDS) involved in carotenoid biosynthesis. Measurement of carotenoids revealed that several major carotenoid compounds downstream of the ZDS were significantly reduced in alb1 mutant, indicating that ALB1 is a functional ZDS. Further transcriptome analysis revealed that several groups of nuclear genes involved in photosynthesis, such as light-harvesting complex, pigment metabolism, and chloroplast function, were significantly down-regulated in alb1 compared with wide type. Interestingly, expression of some maize plastid-localized nuclear genes, including POR, CAO, Lhcb, and RbcS, was substantially reduced in alb1 plants. Furthermore, treatment of the inhibitor fluridone significantly rescued gene transcripts of these nucleus-encoded genes in alb1 mutant, which supported the retrograde signaling of ζ-carotene/phytofluene derived molecules. These results suggested that ALB1/ZDS might function as a regulator to coordinate nuclear photosynthetic gene expression in plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signaling during development of maize plants. Together, these results have demonstrated that ALB1/ZDS is essential for carotenoids biosynthesis and plays crucial roles in chloroplast biogenesis and development in maize.

16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5111, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037216

RESUMO

The nascent polypeptide exit tunnel (NPET) is a major functional center of 60S ribosomal subunits. However, little is known about how the NPET is constructed during ribosome assembly. We utilized molecular genetics, biochemistry, and cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) to investigate the functions of two NPET-associated proteins, ribosomal protein uL4 and assembly factor Nog1, in NPET assembly. Structures of mutant pre-ribosomes lacking the tunnel domain of uL4 reveal a misassembled NPET, including an aberrantly flexible ribosomal RNA helix 74, resulting in at least three different blocks in 60S assembly. Structures of pre-ribosomes lacking the C-terminal extension of Nog1 demonstrate that this extension scaffolds the tunnel domain of uL4 in the NPET to help maintain stability in the core of pre-60S subunits. Our data reveal that uL4 and Nog1 work together in the maturation of ribosomal RNA helix 74, which is required to ensure proper construction of the NPET and 60S ribosomal subunits.

17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 209: 112906, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049607

RESUMO

Sigma-2 receptor (σ2R/TMEM97) has been implicated to play important roles in multiple cellular dysfunctions, such as cell neoplastic proliferation, neuro-inflammation, neurodegeneration, etc. Selective σ2 ligands are believed to be promising pharmacological tools to regulate or diagnose various disorders. As an ongoing effort of discovery of new and selective σ2 ligands, we have synthesized a series of tetrahydroisoquinolino-2-alkyl phenone analogs and identified that 10 of them have moderate to potent affinity and selectivity for σ2R/TMEM97. Especially, 4 analogs showed Ki values ranging from 0.38 to 5.1 nM for σ2R/TMEM97 with no or low affinity for sigma-1 receptor (σ1R). Functional assays indicated that these 4 most potent analogs had no effects on intracellular calcium concentration and were classified as putative σ2R/TMEM97 antagonists according to current understanding. The σ2R/TMEM97 has been suggested to play important roles in the central nervous system. Based on published pharmacological and clinical results from several regarded σ2R/TMEM97 antagonists, these analogs may potentially be useful for the treatment of various neurodegenerative diseases.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077334

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Frostbite is thought to result from initial vasoconstriction, ischemia, intracellular ice crystal formation, and inflammation caused by reperfusion injury. Corticosteroids have demonstrated beneficial anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of other ischemia/reperfusion clinical conditions. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dexamethasone (dex) on wound healing, inflammatory response, and vasculogenesis in a mouse skin frostbite model. METHODS: Treatment and control groups of C57/BL6 mice were subjected to frostbite using a previously described model. Treatment with intraperitoneal dex (1 mg·kg-1·d-1) began on the day of frostbite induction and lasted for 7 d. Over 4 wk, we compared wound diameter; morphology by visual inspection, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and Masson's trichrome staining; density of inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNFα using Western blot analysis; and formation of microvasculature using immunofluorescence staining. Data were analyzed using 1-way or 1-way repeated-measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: After frostbite injury, morphological images demonstrated epidermal necrosis and loss in the frostbitten skin as well as infiltration of inflammation-related leukocytes. Increased production of inflammatory cytokines and disappearance of the microvasculature also occurred in the frostbitten skin. In comparison to the control group, treatment with dex promoted wound healing as demonstrated by decreased wound diameter; decreased levels of inflammatory cytokines, and accelerated formation of mature microvasculature. CONCLUSIONS: In this animal model, dex improved wound healing in frostbitten skin and demonstrated both anti-inflammatory effects and stimulation of vasculogenesis. This study suggests that the use of potent anti-inflammatory agents may be an effective strategy for mitigating frostbite injury.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17076, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051540

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in patients with Graves' disease. In the cross-sectional assessments, 81 patients with drug-naïve Graves' disease and 235 with euthyroidism were enrolled. ABI and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) levels were assessed. In the prospective follow-up, 32 patients with Graves' disease were assessed again after antithyroid drugs for at least 4 weeks, and 32 age- and sex-matched controls with euthyroidism were also followed up. Patients with Graves' disease had a higher VCAM-1 level (1309 ± 292 vs. 1009 ± 168 ng/mL, P < 0.001) and a lower ABI (0.98 ± 0.11 vs. 1.06 ± 0.10, P < 0.001) than those with euthyroidism. ABI was significantly lower in patients with hyperthyroidism and a high VCAM-1 level than in those with euthyroidism and a low VCAM-1 level (regression coefficient: - 0.050, 95% confidence interval [CI] between - 0.080 and - 0.019; P = 0.001). After treatment with antithyroid drugs, the change in free thyroxine (T4) level was inversely associated with the percentage change in ABI (regression coefficient: - 0.003, 95% CI between - 0.005 and - 0.001, P = 0.001). A synergistic effect of VCAM-1 and free T4 on ABI reduction was observed. After a longitudinal follow-up, an increase in ABI was significantly correlated with a decrease in the free T4 level.

20.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 5802-5805, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019293

RESUMO

Posture recognition in the human lying position is of great significance for the rehabilitation evaluation of lying patients and the diagnosis of infants with early cerebral palsy. In this paper, we proposed a novel method for human 3D pose estimation in a lying position with the RGB image and corresponding depth information. Firstly, we employ current pose estimation method on RGB images to achieve the human full body 2D keypoints. By combining the depth information and coordinate transformation, the 3D movement of human in lying position can be obtained. We validate our method with two public datasets. The results show that the accuracy can reach the state-of-the-art.

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