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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117472, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437762

RESUMO

A blue emission glutathione stabilized Au nanoclusters prepared by an Au/Histidine complex with ligand-exchanges method was used for sensing of copper ions. We found that the glutathione stabilized Au NCs which has fluorescence emission hundred times higher than the Au/Histidine complex and has a highly selective fluorescence quenching response to copper ion. Other common metal ions, such as mercury, lead, iron and zinc, which could obviously quench or enhance the fluorescence of Au/Histidine complex, do not interfere the sensing of copper using glutathione stabilized Au nanocluster. The possible quenching mechanism and the dynamic quenching process for copper detection were also discussed. The results indicated that copper in the range from 0.5 to 300.0µM could be linearly detected and the detection could be finished quickly in 5min. A visual detection method for copper ion that may be used to fast warn copper pollution in waters by naked eyes observation was also be developed using the glutathione stabilized Au NCs probe.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109897, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704327

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) pollution seriously threatens food safety and has attracted global attention. Phytoextraction, due to its low cost, applicability, and environmental friendliness, is considered a new technology for clean-up of heavy metal contamination in the environment. However, the low bioavailability of Hg in polluted areas greatly limits the applicability of phytoextraction. Here, we compared the effects of six common chelating ligands on the absorption and transport of Hg in maize (Zea mays L.), which has a high biomass and short growth cycle. The results showed that the root length and biomass of maize seedlings of the groups treated with the six chelating ligands (EDTA, iodide, ammonium, thiosulfate, thiocyanate, and thiocarbamide) did not change compared with those of the non-treated groups. Co-exposure to Hg and each chelating ligand markedly alleviated the inhibitory effect induced by Hg. Iodide treatment resulted in the lowest root Hg content and highest translocation factor (TF) value, while ammonium treatment gave rise to the highest shoot Hg concentration and lowest TF. Compared with other chelating ligands, thiosulfate exhibited the maximum alleviation of Hg toxicity and achieved the highest concentration of Hg in the roots and aerial parts. Moreover, the TF and Hg accumulation in the thiosulfate and Hg co-exposed group were much higher than those in the group exposed to Hg alone. This finding suggests that, among these common chelating ligands, thiosulfate compounds have great potential for Hg phytoextraction, while the others can immobilize Hg in polluted areas.

3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109615, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707343

RESUMO

Psoriasis is considered an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disorder that affects the quality of life of nearly four percent of the world population. Considering the side effects of existing therapeutic drugs and the urgent need for new drug development, we screened more than 250 traditional Chinese medicine compounds to identify drugs that significantly reduced the viability of human HaCaT keratinocytes, a psoriasis-related model cell line. Convallatoxin (CNT) was found to be a highly effective inhibitor of HaCaT cell viability. Subsequent mechanistic studies revealed that CNT induced HaCaT cell death by necroptosis rather than by apoptosis. CNT destroyed the membrane integrity of HaCaT cells, as detected by nuclear propidium iodide (PI) staining and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Additionally, the intercellular levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were lower in HaCaT cells treated with CNT than in control HaCaT cells, and typical necroptosis-associated characteristics were observed by electron microscopy in cells treated with CNT. Furthermore, compared with control HaCaT cells, CNT-treated HaCaT cells produced more reactive oxygen species (ROS), but this effect was inhibited by the antioxidants N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC), diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI), and apocynin and the necroptosis inhibitor Nec-1. In addition, antioxidant treatment attenuated necroptotic cell death, suggesting that CNT-induced HaCaT necroptosis is mediated by oxidative stress. More importantly, CNT ameliorated skin lesions and inflammation in imiquimod (IMQ)- and 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced psoriasis-like mouse models. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that CNT is cytotoxic against HaCaT cells in vitro and exerts antipsoriatic activities in two mouse models of psoriasis in vivo, making CNT a potential promising candidate drug for future research.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 90-98, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761051

RESUMO

Immunochromatographic assays (ICAs) are mainstream point-of-care diagnostic tools in disease control, food safety, and environmental monitoring. However, the important issue pertaining to the influence of sample addition methods on the detection performance of ICAs has not been addressed, and related information is still lacking. Herein, we selected the well-accepted gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as visual labels. AuNP-based ICA was then used to explore the effects of three sample addition methods (i.e., dry, wet, and insert) on the analytical performance of ICAs by using competitive and sandwich models. Under optimized conditions, the competitive ICA with clenbuterol as an analyte showed a negligible difference (p > 0.05) in the detection performance of the three methods in ideal phosphate buffered saline solution. However, the wet method demonstrated the worst performance in pork samples (p < 0.05). The sandwich ICA strip with human chorionic gonadotropin as an analyte revealed the significantly different analytical performances of the three approaches in phosphate buffer (PB) solution and spiked serum (p < 0.05). Two independent linear correlations were observed with the increase in target concentration. However, for the wet method in the PB solution and serum, the first linear correlation was at a relatively narrow target concentration range, and the second linear correlation was at a wider concentration range compared with those for the dry and insert methods. Our findings demonstrated that sample addition methods slightly influence competitive ICAs (p > 0.05) but remarkably affect sandwich ICAs (p < 0.05). We believe that this study can further explain the differences in detection results for the same target analyte in actual ICA detection. The results may serve as a reference in the rational selection of the appropriate sample addition method for succeeding ICA works.

5.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(1): 84-93, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Clinical outcomes of patients with resected oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) chiefly depend on the presence of specific clinicopathological risk factors (RFs). Here, we performed a combined analysis of FDG-PET, genetic markers, and clinicopathological RFs in an effort to improve prognostic stratification. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 2036 consecutive patients with first primary OCSCC who underwent surgery between 1996 and 2016. Of them, 345 underwent ultra-deep targeted sequencing (UDTS, between 1996 and 2011) and 168 whole exome sequencing (WES, between 2007 and 2016). Preoperative FDG-PET imaging was performed in 1135 patients from 2001 to 2016. Complete data on FDG-PET, genetic markers, and clinicopathological RFs were available for 327 patients. RESULTS: Using log-ranked tests based on 5-year disease-free survival (DFS), the optimal cutoff points for maximum standardized uptake values (SUV-max) of the primary tumor and neck metastatic nodes were 22.8 and 9.7, respectively. The 5-year DFS rates were as follows: SUVtumor-max ≥ 22.8 or SUVnodal-max ≥ 9.7 (n = 77) versus SUVtumor-max < 22.8 and SUVnodal-max < 9.7 (n = 250), 32%/62%, P < 0.001; positive UDTS or WES gene panel (n = 64) versus negative (n = 263), 25%/62%, P < 0.001; pN3b (n = 165) versus pN1-2 (n = 162), 42%/68%, P < 0.001. On multivariate analyses, SUVtumor-max ≥ 22.8 or SUVnodal-max ≥ 9.7, a positive UDTS/WES gene panel, and pN3b disease were identified as independent prognosticators for 5-year outcomes. Based on these variables, we devised a scoring system that identified four distinct prognostic groups. The 5-year rates for patients with a score from 0 to 3 were as follows: loco-regional control, 80%/67%/47%/24% (P < 0.001); distant metastases, 13%/23%/55%/92% (P < 0.001); DFS, 74%/58%/28%/7% (P < 0.001); and disease-specific survival, 80%/64%/35%/7% (P < 0.001) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The combined assessment of tumor and nodal SUV-max, genetic markers, and pathological node status may refine the prognostic stratification of OCSCC patients.

6.
Water Res ; 168: 115195, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639590

RESUMO

Membrane fouling or flux limitation is the major bottleneck that hinders anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) application. An AnMBR with a working volume of 15 L was operated for 180 days to investigate the maximum sustainable flux at different high solid concentrations during the anaerobic treatment of food waste. A total of eight filtration-to-relaxation (F/R) ratios were incorporated, with a fixed filtration time of 3 min and varied relaxation times (decreased from 12 to 1 min). Besides, a total of five instantaneous fluxes were applied: 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 L/m2/h (LMH). Results showed that sustainable flux was greatly enhanced by filtration mode optimization. The optimal F/R ratios were 3:1, 3:1, 3:1 and 3:6 at mixed liquor total solid (MLTS) concentrations of 10, 15, 20 and 25 g/L, respectively. The corresponding sustainable flux values were 13.2 ±â€¯0.3, 10.1 ±â€¯0.4, 9.3 ±â€¯0.2 and 4.0 ±â€¯0.3 LMH, respectively. These values were 29%, 35%, 52% and 21% higher than the critical flux determined by the flux-stepping technique. The results of this study were used to perform a mathematical simulation. The obtained regression equation between the maximum sustainable flux and MLTS concentration can be used to predict the sustainable flux at other MLTS concentrations. This work provides valuable insight into the design and operation of high-solid AnMBRs, and is expected to contribute to further advances in the application of AnMBRs in industry.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Filtração , Alimentos , Membranas Artificiais , Águas Residuárias
7.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124657, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473526

RESUMO

This study investigates the degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon in contaminated soil using activated persulfate (PS) with ultrasound (US) and US/Fe. Various controlling factors including different PS dosage, ultrasonic power, pH, soil water ratio and soil particle size were considered. It was found that petroleum hydrocarbon degradation efficiency achieved up to 56.41% and 82.23% in US/PS and US/Fe/PS system, respectively. Based on the experimental results, the reaction rate of US/Fe/PS system was faster than US/PS system and the degradation efficiency enhanced significantly with the increasing ultrasonic power. Changing initial solution pH influenced the petroleum hydrocarbon reaction rate and the best performance would be achieved at pH of 5. The present work identified the main components of petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants in shale gas sites. The mechanism of petroleum hydrocarbon degradation on US/Fe/PS system were analyzed.

8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 268-276, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The application of Pickering emulsion stabilized by food-derived particles is of great interest in the food field, including meat processing. However, the creaming phenomenon is a thorny problem and may impact the resulting product quality. Here, we used polysaccharide nanoparticles from Flammulina velutipes (FVPN) as a stabilizer to prepare a oil/water Pickering emulsion and partly replace the original fat of common emulsified sausage, focusing on exploring the influence of phase separation on the sausage's techno-functional and sensory quality, with the aim of developing a new alternative fat substitute. RESULTS: Reformulated sausages showed increases in moisture (53.24-64.85%) and protein content (11.97-12.76%), but were reduced in fat content (27.28-18.76%). The increased FPOE (FVPN-palm oil emulsion; substitution rate 5-37%) amount in sausages resulted in significantly reduced (P < 0.05) cooking loss (18.87-8.63%). Meanwhile, emulsion improved the springiness and cohesiveness of sausage and significantly reduced (P < 0.05) hardness and chewiness when the replacement amount was less than 20%. Experimental sausages attained a more compact pore structure without harming sensory characteristics. Compared with creaming emulsion, pristine emulsion resulted in a sausage with higher moisture content, lower cooking loss, better elasticity and denser structure. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of sausages could be influenced by emulsion stability. Emulsion, especially with no creaming, can be effectively used as fat substitute at a level of 20% or less without adversely affecting the sensory characteristics of emulsified sausages. The incorporation of FPOE provides the potential for developing a new alternative approach for animal fat improvement in meat products. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

9.
J Med Virol ; 92(1): 26-33, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475732

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and T-helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 profile of human rhinovirus (HRV) infection in children with bronchiolitis and pneumonia, compared with the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). In September 2013 to August 2014, 335 nasopharyngeal aspirates from children below 14 with bronchiolitis and pneumonia were screened for HRV and 13 other respiratory viruses by PCR or reverse transcription PCR. Interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were detected by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HRVs were found in 66 cases (19.7%), including 35 bronchiolitis and 31 pneumonia cases. Compared with the RSV alone group, children with pneumonia had more frequent wheezing episodes in HRV (Pa = .001) and HRV + non-RSV (Pb = .002) groups, and fever in the HRV (Pf = .004) and HRV + RSV (Pg = .005) groups. Among patients with bronchiolitis, cases with HRV alone were more likely to present in winter than those with RSV alone (Pi = .010) and HRV + non-RSV (Pj = .014), and less numerous in summer compared with HRV + non-RSV (Ph = .005). Children with HRV alone were more susceptible to have a history of eczema than RSV alone among bronchiolitis (Pc < .001) and pneumonia (Pe = .033) cases. HRV bronchiolitis cases had increased IL-4/IFN-γ and decreased TNF-α/IL-10 ratios, compared with HRV pneumonia counterparts. HRV is a major non-RSV pathogen causing hospitalization in children with bronchiolitis and pneumonia and induces an imbalanced Th1/Th2 response in bronchiolitis. Compared with RSV infection, HRV bronchiolitis and pneumonia differ significantly regarding wheezing episodes, susceptibility to eczema, fever occurrence, and seasonal prevalence.

10.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 272-280, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162842

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinomas (EBVaGCs) may account for 8-9% of all gastric cancer (GC) patients. All previous reports on EBVaGC were retrospective. Prospective study is warranted to evaluate the exact role of EBV status in predicting the prognosis of GC. It is of special interest to figure out whether dynamic detection of plasma EBV-DNA load could be a feasible biomarker for the monitor of EBVaGC. From October 2014 to September 2017, we consecutively collected GC patients (n = 2,760) from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center for EBER examination. We detected EBV-DNA load in plasma and tissue samples of EBVaGC patients at baseline. Subsequently, plasma EBV-DNA load was dynamically monitored in EBVaGC patients. The overall prevalence of EBVaGC is 5.1% (140/2,760). The incidence rate of EBVaGC decreased with advanced AJCC 7th TNM stage (p < 0.001), with the corresponding percentages of 9.3, 9.9, 6.7 and 1.4% for Stage I, II, III and IV patients. EBVaGC patients were predominately young males with better histologic differentiation and earlier TNM stage than EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) patients. EBVaGC patients were confirmed to had a favorable 3-year survival rate (EBVaGC vs. EBVnGC: 76.8% vs. 58.2%, p = 0.0001). Though only 52.1% (73/140) EBVaGC patients gained detectable EBV-DNA and 43.6% (61/140) reached a positive cutoff of 100 copies/ml, we found the plasma EBV-DNA load in EBVaGC decreased when patients got response, while it increased when disease progressed. Our results suggested that plasma EBV-DNA is a good marker in predicting recurrence and chemotherapy response for EBVaGC patients.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112154, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415848

RESUMO

Treating ventricular remodeling continues to be a clinical challenge. Studies have shown that hypertension is one of the most common causes of ventricular remodeling, and is a major cause of cardiovascular risk in adults. Here, we report that Tongsaimai (TSM), a Chinese traditional medicine, could inhibit arterial pressure and left ventricular pressure to improve hemodynamic abnormalities in rats impaired by abdominal aortic constriction (AAC). Administration of TSM significantly reduced the heart mass index and the left ventricular mass index significantly in AAC rats. TSM could also markedly ameliorate cardiac collagen deposition and reduce the concentration of hydroxyproline in the heart of AAC rats. Moreover, TSM alleviated cardiac histomorphology injury resulting from AAC, including reducing cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, fibrous connective tissue hyperplasia, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, replacement fibrosis and the disorders of myocardial myofibrils, intercalated discs, mitochondria and mitochondrial crista. In addition, the levels of transforming growth factor (TGF) - ß and inflammation-related molecules including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), which were over-expressed with AAC, were decreased by STM. In conclusion, STM could reverse the hypertension and left ventricular remolding caused by abdominal aortic constriction in rats.

12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112207, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476440

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liuwei Dihuang (LWDH) is a classic prescription that has been used as a traditional medicinal formula for more than 1000 years in China. In clinical, LWDF is used for treating functional decline associated with senile disease and menopausal syndrome. Studies have demonstrated that LWDH could significantly improve estrogen level and ER expression, and suspend the process of atherosclerosis. However, the under mechanism of how LWDH suppressing VSMCs phenotypic conversion and proliferation through ER is still unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was to reveal the under mechanism of how LWDH inhibits the phenotypic conversion of VSMCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 ApoE-/- mice were divided into 4 groups: sham group, model group, E2 group, and LWDH group, and 6 C57BN/L6 mice were used as control group. The primary VSMCs were divided into control group, model group, E2 group, LWDH group, LWDH + MPP group, and LWDH + PHTPP group with or without control siRNA, ERα siRNA, ERß siRNA, and myocardin siRNA. Oil red staining was used to evaluate the lipid deposition in the cardiac aorta. Serum chemistry analysis to test serum TG, TC, LDL, and HDL. Immunofluorescence staining was used to test α-SMA, osteopontin and F-actin. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to check out the myocardin in the cardiac aorta. The mRNA levels of α-SMA, osteopontin, ERα, ERß, SRC3 and myocardin were detected by Real Time-PCR, and the protein expression levels of them were detected by Western blotting. Co-immunoprecipitation was proceed to test the interaction between ERα and SRC3 and SRC3 and myocardin. Flow cytometry was used to check out the cell cycle. Wound healing assay and Transwell were managed to evaluate the migration capacity of VSMCs. RESULTS: In vivo administration of LWDH suppressed AS symptoms, decreases phenotypic marker of vascular endothelial cell, and increases phenotypic marker of VSMC in ovariectomized ApoE-/- female mice. Moreover, LWDH significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of ERα, ERß, SRC3 and myocardin in the cardiac aorta of ovariectomized ApoE-/- female mice. In vitro, LWDH altered cell cycle and reduced the elevated cyclinD protein expression migration capacity and in the model VSMCs. In addition, LWDH inhibited phenotypic conversion and promoted the expression of ER, SRC3, and myocardin of the primary VSMC phenotypic conversion model. Inhibition of ERα almost completely eliminated the impacts of LWDH on α- SMA and osteopontin. Furthermore, LWDH promoted the interaction between ERα and SRC3 and up-regulated the co-activation of SRC3 and myocardin. CONCLUSIONS: LWDH could inhibit the phenotypic conversion of VSMCs in vitro and in vivo by increasing the activity of myocardin through up-regulating the expression of ERα and promoting the interaction between ERα and SRC3. Our research reveals the under mechanism of how LWDH inhibits the phenotypic conversion of VSMCs.

13.
Neuropsychologia ; : 107289, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794711

RESUMO

From a traditional variable-centered perspective, the personality traits specifically linked to depressive symptoms are neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness (NEC). Few studies have considered the interactive effects of personality traits within individuals from the taxonomic perspective. We explored novel NEC personality subtypes in general and subthreshold depressive subjects by using graph-based classification algorithms and multiple external validators. Personality and depressive symptoms were assessed in 1055 healthy subjects (150 with subthreshold depression) using the NEO-PI-R and BDI at baseline. NEC personality data were used to identify subtypes in healthy and subthreshold depressive samples, and external validators, including current and longitudinal depressive symptoms and seven subcortical gray matter volumes, were examined. Four novel NEC personality types in the general sample showed superior current and longitudinal behavioral validation of depressive symptoms as well as some discrimination in biological indicators (putamen, nucleus accumbens, and amygdala). Four profiles defined in subthreshold depression selectively exhibited meaningful differences in longitudinal depressive symptoms. In both samples, some types adhere to the principles previously described NEC three-way interaction. The resulting typology, especially the four types in the general population, linked depressive symptoms provided a superior description of within-person organization of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness.

14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5508, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796735

RESUMO

Typically, estimating genetic parameters, such as disease heritability and between-disease genetic correlations, demands large datasets containing all relevant phenotypic measures and detailed knowledge of family relationships or, alternatively, genotypic and phenotypic data for numerous unrelated individuals. Here, we suggest an alternative, efficient estimation approach through the construction of two disease metrics from large health datasets: temporal disease prevalence curves and low-dimensional disease embeddings. We present eleven thousand heritability estimates corresponding to five study types: twins, traditional family studies, health records-based family studies, single nucleotide polymorphisms, and polygenic risk scores. We also compute over six hundred thousand estimates of genetic, environmental and phenotypic correlations. Furthermore, we find that: (1) disease curve shapes cluster into five general patterns; (2) early-onset diseases tend to have lower prevalence than late-onset diseases (Spearman's ρ = 0.32, p < 10-16); and (3) the disease onset age and heritability are negatively correlated (ρ = -0.46, p < 10-16).

15.
Neuropharmacology ; : 107869, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785260

RESUMO

Vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2)-which uptakes glutamate into presynaptic vesicles-is a fundamental component of the glutamate neurotransmitter system. Although several lines of evidence from genetically modified mice suggest a possible association of VGLUT2 with neuropathic pain, the specific role of VGLUT2 in the spinal cord during neuropathic pain, and its regulatory mechanism remain elusive. In this study, we report that spared nerve injury induced an upregulation of VGLUT2 in the spinal cord, and intrathecal administration of small hairpin RNAs (shRNA) against VGLUT2 before or after surgery attenuated mechanical allodynia, and pathologically-enhanced glutamate release. Meanwhile, nerve injury activated the Wnt1/ß-catenin signaling pathway in a quick-onset and sustained manner, and blocking the Wnt1 signaling with a Wnt1 targeting antibody attenuated neuropathic pain. In naïve mice, administration of a Wnt agonist or Wnt1 increased spinal VGLUT2 protein levels. Moreover, intrathecal administration of the Wnt/ß-catenin inhibitor, XAV939 attenuated mechanical allodynia, and this effect was concurrent with that of VGLUT2 downregulation. Pretreatment with VGLUT2 shRNAs abolished the allodynia induced by the Wnt agonist or Wnt1. These findings reveal a novel mechanism wherein there is Wnt1/ß-catenin-dependent VGLUT2 upregulation in neuropathic pain, thus potentiating the development of new therapeutic strategies in pain management.

16.
Clin Biochem ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The development of blood-based biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is desirable. In AD model mouse brain and neuronal cells, Abelson helper integration site-1 (AHI1) protein is reduced. AHI1 facilitates intracellular amyloid precursor protein (APP) translocation to inhibit amyloidogenic pathology of AD, and thus may be an AD biomarker. METHODS: This study was conducted among 32 AD patients and 54 healthy control (HC) subjects. AHI1-related protein levels from initially collected serum samples in each group were screened using Western blotting. The protein concentrations of AHI1 and amyloid-ß (Aß), peptide(s) derived from APP, from all serum samples were analyzed using ELISA. RESULTS: In AD serum, AHI1 and a large truncated C-terminal APP fragment were significantly reduced. The average concentrations of serum AHI1 and Aß in AD were significantly lower than those in HC. Notably, AHI1 concentration in HC serum was decreased in an age-dependent manner, while it was consistently low in AD serum and had no correlation with Aß or mini-mental state examination score. The receiver operating characteristic analysis on all subjects demonstrated an area under curve (AUC) value of 0.7 for AHI1 on AD diagnosis, while the AUC increased to 0.82 on the subjects younger than 77 years old, suggesting a good diagnostic performance of serum AHI1 for AD especially at relatively young age. CONCLUSION: An early event of AHI1 reduction in the body of AD patients was observed. Serum AHI1 may be valuable for early diagnosis of AD.

17.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 86: 203-212, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787185

RESUMO

Efficient removal of non-biodegradable and hazardous dyes from wastewater remains a hot research topic. Herein, a rationally designed a Cu(II)-based metal-organic gel (Cu-MOG) with a nanoporous 3D network structure prepared via a simple one-step mixing method was successfully employed for the removal of cationic dyes. The Cu-MOG exhibited high efficiency, with an adsorption capacity of up to 650.32 mg/g, and rapid adsorption efficiency, with the ability to adsorb 80% of Neutral Red within 1 min. The high adsorption efficiency was attributed to its large specific surface area, which enabled it to massively bind cationic dyes through electrostatic interaction, and a nanoporous structure that promoted intra-pore diffusion. Remarkably, the Cu-MOG displayed size-selective adsorption, based on adsorption studies concerning dyes of different sizes as calculated by density functional theory. Additionally, the adsorption performance of the Cu-MOG still maintained removal efficiency of 100% after three regeneration cycles. These results suggested that the Cu-MOG could be expected to be a promising and competitive candidate to conveniently process wastewater.

18.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789419

RESUMO

Several microRNAs (miRNAs) are known as regulatory molecules involved in gastric tumor metastasis. The expression of miR­337­3p was revealed to be downregulated in metastatic gastric tumor cells. Overexpression of miR­337­3p in gastric cancer cells resulted in the reduction of their invasive abilities. To characterize the functions of miR­337­3p, miR­337­3p was expressed in a metastatic lymph node­derived gastric tumor cell line, SGC­7901. Overexpression of miR­337­3p reduced the viability of cells but had no effects on the cell cycle. Wound healing and Transwell migration assays revealed that miR­337­3p inhibited the migration capacity of cells. miR­337­3p was capable of binding to the 3'­untranslated region of a cytoskeleton­associated molecule, ARHGAP10. Overexpression of miR­337­3p reduced the mRNA and protein levels of ARHGAP10 and the co­expression of ARHGAP10 and miR­337­3p resulted in the recovery of cell migration capacity. Furthermore, the injection of miR­337­3p­overexpressing SGC­7901 cells into an immunodeficient mouse model resulted in a decrease in tumor metastasis in the liver and lungs. The present results indicated that miR­337­3p regulates gastric tumor metastasis by targeting the cytoskeleton­associated protein ARHGAP10.

19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 823-831, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An accurate prediction in the soft tissue changes is of great importance for orthodontic treatment planning. Previous studies on the accuracy of the Dolphin visual treatment objective (VTO) in predicting treatment results were mainly focused on orthognathic treatment. The accuracy of Dolphin VTO prediction for orthodontic treatment is, however, poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Dolphin VTO prediction in soft tissue changes after orthodontic treatment by comparing the changes between predicted and actual values. METHODS: A total of 157 patients were screened for eligibility, and 34 young adult patients (8 males, 26 females; mean age 24.8 ± 3.9 years) were finally included in the study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The landmarks and parameters of the Holdaway soft tissue analysis were used for the cephalometric analyses. The cephalometric tracings of the actual treatment result and the Dolphin predicted treatment outcome were superimposed to calculate the prediction errors. Paired t test was used to compare the statistical differences between the predicted and actual treatment outcomes of the parameters used in the Holdaway soft tissue analysis. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the predicted and actual values in parameters of the Holdaway soft tissue analysis (P < 0.05). The prediction of the landmarks in the lips region (ie, subnasale, soft tissue A-point, upper lip, lower lip, and soft tissue B-point) was inclined to be overestimated horizontally and underestimated vertically, whereas the prediction of the landmarks belonging to the chin region (ie, soft tissue pogonion, soft tissue gnathion, and soft tissue menton) was inclined to be underestimated horizontally and overestimated vertically. The most accurate prediction was found in the soft tissue A-point, whereas the least accurate one was found in the soft tissue in the chin region. The prediction was relatively more accurate in the vertical direction than in the horizontal direction. CONCLUSIONS: The Dolphin VTO prediction in soft tissue changes after the orthodontic treatment in patients with bimaxillary protrusion is the most accurate for the soft tissue A-point and the least accurate for the soft tissue chin region.

20.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e032417, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is among the most common adverse reactions following anaesthesia and surgery. Recent clinical studies have reported that the average incidence is about 30%, while in patients specifically undergoing neurosurgery, the incidence can be as great as 73%. Studies also suggest that its occurrence increases the risk of intracranial haematoma and haemorrhage. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of intradermal thumbtack needle buried Neiguan (pericardium 6 (P6)) point therapy in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing craniotomy under general anaesthesia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, three-arm, randomised controlled trial. 180 participants are randomly assigned to either an acupuncture, intradermal thumbtack needle or control group in a 1:1:1 ratio. The P6 of the acupuncture group is punctured at both sides perpendicularly to a depth of 20 mm. Needles are retained for 30 min and stimulated every 10 min to maintain the de qi. The therapy includes two treatments; the acupuncture is administered immediately after and 24 hours after surgery. For the intradermal thumbtack needle group, the intradermal thumbtack needle is quickly inserted into the skin and embedded at P6 acupoints bilaterally. Patients and their families are asked to press the needlepoint with the onset of nausea, vomiting, bloating, pain and other reported discomforts. The needle is replaced after 24 hours. The therapy is administered immediately after and 24 hours after surgery. For the control group, no intervention is carried out. The incidence of PONV within 48 hours after craniotomy across the three groups is observed. Other observations include: (1) assessment of nausea score (severity of nausea) and pain score (visual analogue scale) 0-2, 2-6, 6-24 and 24-48 hours after craniotomy under general anaesthesia; (2) assessment of total rescue antiemetic dosage 0-48 hours after craniotomy under general anaesthesia; (3) length of hospital stay and (4) patient satisfaction score with PONV management. We will perform all statistical analysis following the intention-to-treat principle. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval has been granted by the Bioethics Subcommittee of the West China Hospital, Sichuan University: the approval number is 2018 (number 231). Results will be expected to be published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1800017173.

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