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1.
Diabetes Ther ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To date, research is lacking on the development of a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment tool for people with diabetes mellitus, in general, and for Chinese patients with diabetes in particular. We have explored CVD risk assessment tools for Chinese patients with diabetes. Here, we report our investigation of cardiovascular risk assessment using the improved Framingham Risk Score (I-FRS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Beijing communities. METHODS: A total of 3232 patients with T2DM attending Beijing community health centers were enrolled in this study. FRS were used to predict CVD risk in all patients at baseline using the following risk scores for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) categories: 0 = HbA1c ≤ 7.0%; 1 = 7.0% < HbA1c ≤ 7.9%;      2 = 8.0% < HbA1c ≤ 8.9%; and 3 = HbA1c > 9.0%. The I-FRS was use to stratify all patients into low (I-FRS < 10%), medium (I-FRS 10-20%), and high (I-FRS > 20%) FRS strata. All treatments administered in the Beijing Communities Diabetes Study were in accordance with national guidelines for T2DM in China, and patients regularly attended clinical consultations with professors in endocrinology, who were experts in their respective speciality, from top tier hospitals. After 10 years, patients were followed-up to assess the long-term effects of the multifactorial interventions. Statistical analysis was performed using SAS® software (SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC, USA). RESULTS: The receiver operating characteristic curve of the I-FRS showed significant prediction accuracy for the actual incidence of CVD events. At baseline, subjects in the high FRS stratum for diabetes were more prone to be elderly and to have a longer duration of T2DM, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher lipid profiles. Subjects in the medium and high FRS strata had a higher incidence of CVD events than those in the no-complications group (DM group with no blood pressure issues) (P < 0.001). The 10-year hazard ratios for CVD events in diabetic patients with I-FRS score > 20% was 12.5-fold higher than that of patients with I-FRS score < 10%. Multifactorial intervention significantly reduced the I-FRS of the three FRS strata in patients with T2DM. The post-intervention I-FRS for the hypertension and CVD groups of patients were significantly lower than the respective baseline I-FRS. Cox multivariate analyses revealed that patients in the medium and high FRS strata had higher incidences of endpoint events than those in the low FRS stratum. CONCLUSIONS: The I-FRS plays an important role in predicting CVD in patients with T2DM. Multifactorial interventions for CVD risk factors over 10-year follow-up lowered the estimated 10-year risk for CVD events in persons with diabetes. We suggest the use of the I-FRS score to stratify a patient's risk of CVD when analyzing the efficacy of diabetes management. Aggressive risk reduction should be focused on those individuals with a high I-FRS score. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-TRC-13003978 and ChiCTR-OOC-15006090.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4242304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886212

RESUMO

Background: Neck circumference (NC) was found to be related to the risk factors of cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of NC on cardiovascular disease are still controversial. A prospective study of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes was performed to evaluate the relationship between NC and cardiovascular disease. Methods: A multicenter prospective study with eight-year follow-up was conducted in Beijing communities. Cardiovascular events were defined as myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, hospitalization for heart failure, coronary revascularization, cardiac death, stroke, transient ischemic attack, and cerebral hemorrhage. Results: A total of 3,009 diabetic patients were recruited. Following an eight-year follow-up, 211 patients with cardiovascular events (105 in men and 106 in women) were identified. All patients were categorized into two groups according to the upper quartile of NC (43 cm in men and 39 cm in women). The prevalence of cardiovascular events in men with an NC >43 cm (16.48%) was higher than that in the group with an NC <43 cm (8.16%, p=0.007). The prevalence of cardiovascular events in women with the NC >39 cm (10.67%) was higher compared to the group with NC <39 cm (5.31%, p=0.004). The longitudinal prevalence of cardiovascular events in groups with different NC increased with the increasing duration of follow-up (p < 0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that higher NC was associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular events after adjusting for confounding variables (adjusted HR = 2.305 (1.535-3.460)). Conclusions: NC was associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes in Chinese communities, and greater NC may increase the risk of cardiovascular events by about 2.3-fold.

4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(12): 1212-1217, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of genetic and environmental factors on aggressive behavior in twin children, and to provide clues for further exploring the causal relationship between such factors and aggressive behavior. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to investigate aggressive behavior, temperament type and parenting style among 261 twin children aged 4-12.8 years. The Holzinger method and the maximum likelihood method were used to construct a structural equation model for the estimation of heritability. Binary logistic regression analysis, multivariate linear regression analysis and general linear model analysis were used to analyze the association between aggressive behavior and environmental factors in twin children. RESULTS: The heritability of aggressive behavior was 44.4% in twin children and the score of aggressive behavior showed moderate heritability (60.9% in boys and 65.6% in girls). The multivariate analysis showed that the score of aggressive behavior in twin children was affected by the mother's emotional warmth/understanding, the mother's punishment/severity and the father's overprotection (P<0.05). There was an interaction between the mother's emotional warmth/understanding and the father's overprotection (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both genetic and environmental factors have influence on children's aggressive behavior, and parenting style is the main environmental factor affecting the aggressive behavior of twin children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Poder Familiar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gêmeos
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 461, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical spinal manipulation therapy is a common non-invasive treatment for neck pain and stiffness, and has been widely used in the population. However, most people do not pay attention to the potential risks of neck manipulation, such as ligament damage, fractures, and spinal cord injuries. Epidural hematoma is a disease in which blood accumulates in the epidural space of the vertebral body. This disease is usually caused by trauma or iatrogenic surgery, and may be associated with blood coagulopathies, neoplasms, or degenerative spinal disease. Reports of epidural hematoma caused by cervical spinal manipulation are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a patient with tetraplegia and spinal shock after neck manipulation. A physical examination of the patient on admission found tenderness in the neck and increased muscle tension in both upper limbs. The superficial sensation of the upper limb disappeared, but the deep sensation still remained. The lower extremity had 0/5 power on both sides. The sensation below the T2 level completely disappeared. A cervical magnetic resonance imaging scan showed an acute posterior epidural hematoma from the C3-T3 vertebrae. Ultimately, the patient underwent emergency hematoma removal and showed partial improvement in symptoms of paralysis during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Although spinal manipulation is simple and neck pain is common and recurrent in the general population, the basic condition and disease history of patients should be determined before manipulation. For high-risk patients, caution should be applied for cervical spinal manipulation or it should be prohibited. For a suspected hematoma, MRI should be used at an early stage to diagnose and locate the hematoma.

6.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(4): 2459-2466, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555358

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are small non-coding RNAs that serve a post-transcriptional regulatory role in eukaryotes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the expression of miR-34a in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues is decreased compared with that in normal colorectal tissues. However, the role of miR-34a in the invasion and metastasis of CRC remains unclear. In the present study, the levels of miR-34a expression were measured in various CRC cell lines. The cells were transfected with miR-34a mimics or inhibitors in order to assess the proliferation rate, and the colony forming, invasive and migratory abilities. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of vimentin and early growth response protein 1 (EGR1) were examined by western blot analysis. The results revealed that the expression of miR-34a was low in SW620, RKO, LoVo and Caco-2 cell lines and high in the SW480 and SW1116 cell lines. The migration, invasion and proliferation levels of SW480 cells were facilitated by decreasing the expression of miR-34a. Transient transfection with miR-34a mimics in SW620 cells caused a notable decrease in cell migration, invasion and proliferation levels compared with the control group, and a downregulation of vimentin and upregulation of EGR1 protein expression. The present study demonstrated that miR-34a was deregulated in a highly invasive CRC cell lines, and that it may attenuate the migratory, invasive and proliferative capabilities of CRC cells by enhancing the expression of EGR1 and inhibiting that of vimentin. The results of the present study represent important progress towards understanding the mechanisms of CRC recurrence and metastasis.

7.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 5237371, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281851

RESUMO

Background: To examine the association between morbid events and metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study was conducted at 13 community health centers associated with Beijing Tongren Hospital. From 2008 to 2015, there have been 3,525 T2DM patients being managed based on the Chinese guideline for T2DM. The morbid events included macrovascular events, diabetic kidney disease, ophthalmologic events, cancer, and all-cause death. Results: At baseline, there were 2,708 people with MS and 817 without MS. After a seven-year management, there were 351 (12.96%) events in MS people and 74 (9.06%) events in people without MS (p = 0.003). The prevalence of macrovascular events (6.06%) was much higher in MS people than in people without MS (3.79%, p = 0.013). Cox regression analysis showed an association between MS and morbid events even after adjusting for confounding variables (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.44). MS was also associated with macrovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.96). The occurrence of morbid events and macrovascular events was increased when the numbers of metabolic abnormalities were 1, 2, 3, and 4 (p < 0.001). There was no continuously statistically significant difference in the cumulative prevalence of morbid events between patients with MS and patients without MS during the first five years. However, after six or seven years, the cumulative prevalence of morbid events in patients with MS was continuously significantly higher than that in patients without MS (11.00% vs. 8.20%, 12.96% vs. 9.06%, p < 0.05). Conclusions: T2DM with MS had higher incidence of morbid events, especially cardiovascular events, even after integrated management. The occurrence of morbid and macrovascular events increased as the number of metabolic abnormalities increased. MS was associated with increased risk of morbid events by 44% and macrovascular events by 96%. It would take at least six years to observe the association between MS and morbid events in T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(4): 354-361, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105756

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the differences in 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in older patients with hypertension treated with the five major classes of antihypertensive drugs, as monotherapy or dual combination therapy, to improve daytime and nighttime BP control. Methods: We enrolled 1920 Chinese community-dwelling outpatients aged ≥ 60 years and compared ambulatory BP values and ambulatory BP control (24-hour BP < 130/80 mmHg; daytime mean BP < 135/85 mmHg; and nighttime mean BP < 120/70 mmHg), as well as nighttime BP dip patterns for monotherapy and dual combination therapy groups. Results: Patients' mean age was 71 years, and 59.5% of patients were women. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) constituted the most common (60.3% of patients) monotherapy, and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers combined with CCBs was the most common (56.5% of patients) dual combination therapy. Monotherapy with beta-blockers (BB) provided the best daytime BP control. The probabilities of having a nighttime dip pattern and nighttime BP control were higher in patients receiving diuretics compared with CCBs (OR = 0.52, P = 0.05 and OR = 0.41, P = 0.007, respectively). Patients receiving RAS/diuretic combination therapy had a higher probability of having controlled nighttime BP compared with those receiving RAS/CCB (OR = 0.45, P = 0.004). Compared with RAS/diuretic therapy, BB/CCB therapy had a higher probability of achieving daytime BP control (OR = 1.27, P = 0.45). Conclusions: Antihypertensive monotherapy and dual combination drug therapy provided different ambulatory BP control and nighttime BP dip patterns. BB-based regimens provided lower daytime BP, whereas diuretic-based therapies provided lower nighttime BP, compared with other antihypertensive regimens.

13.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 14: 1537-1545, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214217

RESUMO

Objective: It is well known that diabetic kidney disease is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, the effects of urine albumin excretion rate (AER) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on CVD outcomes were analyzed in a population of T2DM. Methods: The study was carried out using recorded information of a cohort study. A total of 1,914 patients with T2DM with no prevalent CVD were enrolled in an 8 years prospective study and received multifactorial intervention. The risk of CVD outcomes was assessed according to chronic kidney disease staging, which was categorized using AER (mg/d) and eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2). The effects of AER and eGFR on risk of CVD onset were also analyzed. Results: During the follow-up period (median 6.8 years), 71 CVD events occurred. At baseline, those with AER ≥300 mg/d and coexisting eGFR 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2 or <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 showed increased risk for CVD outcomes when compared with "no chronic kidney disease" (AER <30 mg/d and eGFR ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2). The increased CVD risk was observed in patients who progressed to AER ≥30 mg/d during the follow-up period, whereas patients who progressed to eGFR <90 mL/min/1.73 m2 alone showed no increased CVD risk. During the follow-up period, after multifactorial intervention, 8.7% patients with microalbuminuria and 1.8% patients with overt nephropathy reversed to normoalbuminuria or microalbuminuria. Conclusion: AER is a more sensitive predictor than eGFR for CVD outcomes in T2DM patients. Overt nephropathy can be reversed after multifactorial intervention.

14.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 144: 236-244, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prognostic significance of metabolic risk scores and aspirin with respect to cerebrovascular events. METHODS: A total of 25 communities of diabetic patients were enrolled in Beijing Community Diabetes Study (BCDS) from 2008. 3413 patients with T2DM in BCDS have complete screening data, including blood glucose, blood pressure, lipid profiles and anti-platelet therapy, which were assigned metabolic score (MS) and add up to the total metabolic score (TMS). According to the total metabolic score (TMS), the patients were divided into four equal groups: Group 1 (24 < TMS < 40), Group 2 (40 < TMS < 47), Group 3 (47 < TMS < 55) and Group 4 (55 < TMS < 87). After 96 months, patients were followed-up to assess the long-term effects of the multifactorial interventions. RESULTS: During 96-months follow-up, a total of 91 cerebrovascular events occurred, including acute cerebral infarction, acute cerebral hemorrhage and transient ischemic attack (TIA). The incidence of cerebrovascular events was higher in the Group 4 than in the Group 1. In Cox multivariate analyses, there are significant differences in incidences of cerebral infarction events among the four groups during the 96-months follow-up. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that, HbA1c (p ≤ 0.001), systolic pressure (p ≤ 0.001), aspirin free treatment (P = 0.0023) are independent predictor for cerebrovascular events in diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that total metabolic score (TMS) influences the incidence of cerebrovascular events in diabetic patients. In addition to good control of blood glucose, blood pressure and lipid profiles, anti-platelet therapy is important for the prevention of cerebrovascular events in T2DM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-TRC-13003978, ChiCTR-OOC-15006090.


Assuntos
Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Pequim , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 31(3): 242-246, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29673448

RESUMO

A case-control study was conducted to investigate associations between organophosphate pesticide (OP) exposure, aggression, impulsivity, and attempted suicide. Questionnaires were used to collect information; impulsivity and aggression were measured by the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and the Aggression Inventory (AI). A greater number of OP symptoms was associated with an increased odds of a suicide attempt after adjusting for marital status and income (OR = 1.45; CI 1.14-1.86). Attempted suicide was significantly associated with high impulsivity scores (means: 72.4 vs. 60.6, P < 0.0001) and high aggression scores (means: 38.5 vs. 26.1, P < 0.0001). Suicide attempters had a higher number of OP exposure symptoms than controls and scored higher on scales of impulsivity and aggression.


Assuntos
Agressão , Comportamento Impulsivo , Exposição Ocupacional , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/complicações , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organofosfatos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Clin Nurs Res ; : 1054773818773385, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29695172

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the metabolic syndrome severity Z-score and kidney function by gender. We also examined the estimated glomerular filtration rate in relation to other known risk factors. The study used was a population-based prospective longitudinal research design. A total of 4,838 participants (2,683 females and 2,155 males) included individuals aged >30 years who were undergoing a health examination from 2006 to 2014 in Pingzhen City, Taiwan. In the initial generalized estimated equation model analysis, which included the covariates of age of first visit, period between the first and current visit, and metabolic syndrome severity Z-score, the results indicated that the interaction between age and metabolic syndrome severity Z-score is significantly related to the estimated glomerular filtration rate for males ( p = .040). For females, the interaction between age and metabolic syndrome severity Z-score was not significant, but a higher metabolic syndrome severity Z-score was significantly associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate ( p = .001). After controlling for the confounders, unhealthy behaviors, and comorbidities, the metabolic syndrome severity Z-score was still a negative predictor of estimated glomerular filtration rate in both the male ( p = .005) and female ( p = .023) models.

17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 20(2): 140-145, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between dopamine D4 receptor gene DRD4 exon III 48bp variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism and temperament in school-aged children. METHODS: Randomized cluster sampling was used to select 350 healthy children aged 8-12 years, and a questionnaire survey was performed. Oral epithelial samples were collected from half of these children. The complete questionnaire data of 164 children with a high level of DNA in oral epithelial samples were included in this study. PCR was used for the typing of DRD4 exon III 48bp VNTR, and the effect of this gene and its interaction with the environment on temperament was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the children with S-DRD4 genotype, the children with L-DRD4 genotype had significantly lower scores on the four dimensions of activity level, reaction intensity, emotion essence, and persistence (P<0.05). The main effects of mother's rejection/denial (OR=2.281, P<0.05) and sex (OR=2.766, P<0.05) and the interaction between sex and DRD4 exon III 48bp VNTR (OR=0.582, P<0.05) had an influence on activity level. The main effect of DRD4 exon III 48bp VNTR (OR=0.314, P<0.01) and the interaction between this gene and mother's rejection/denial (OR=1.872, P<0.01) had an influence on reaction intensity. The main effect of DRD4 exon III 48bp VNTR (OR=0.420, P<0.05) and mother's rejection/denial (OR=2.236, P<0.05) had an influence on persistence. CONCLUSIONS: DRD4 exon III 48bp VNTR and its interaction with other factors may affect the activity level and reaction intensity of school-aged children.


Assuntos
Éxons , Repetições Minissatélites , Receptores de Dopamina D4/genética , Temperamento , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 25(6): 1744-1750, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29262909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and relibility of rapidly and accurately acquiring the informations of gene mutations in MPN patients by using self-designed custom MPN mutation-related multipe-PCR primer kit and next generation Ion Torrent PGM sequencing platform. METHODS: The bone marrow samples of 10 MPN patients with JAK2V617F and/or CALR+, Ph- confirmed by sanger sequencing method were collected and were re-detected by using next generation Ion Torrent PGM sequencing method, then the consistence of results of above-mentioned 2 kinds of detection methods was compared. RESULTS: In terms of JAK2V617F, MPL and CALR mutations, the results of Ion Torrent PGM sequencing were complete consistent with results of Sanger sequencing, except 52 bp deletion of CALR gene, which conld not be detected by next generation Ion Torrent PGM sequencing method in all bone marrow samples. CONCLUSION: The detection of multiple gene mutations in MPN patients by Ion Torrent PGM sequencing platform is feasible and can meet the needs of clinical testing. This method can complete detection of all 23 mutetions within 1-2 days, moreover, possesses advantages of high sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, high throughput and low cost.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Mutação , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Humanos , Deleção de Sequência
19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 12: 1065-1083, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28223799

RESUMO

Here, we report the hypoxia-responsive ionizable liposomes to deliver small interference RNA (siRNA) anticancer drugs, which can selectively enhance cellular uptake of the siRNA under hypoxic and low-pH conditions to cure glioma. For this purpose, malate dehydrogenase lipid molecules were synthesized, which contain nitroimidazole groups that impart hypoxia sensitivity and specificity as hydrophobic tails, and tertiary amines as hydrophilic head groups. These malate dehydrogenase molecules, together with DSPE-PEG2000 and cholesterol, were self-assembled into O'1,O1-(3-(dimethylamino)propane-1,2-diyl) 16-bis(2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethyl) di(hexadecanedioate) liposomes (MLP) to encapsulate siRNA through electrostatic interaction. Our study showed that the MLP could deliver polo-like kinase 1 siRNA (siPLK1) into glioma cells and effectively enhance the cellular uptake of MLP/siPLK1 because of increased positive charges induced by hypoxia and low pH. Moreover, MLP/siPLK1 was shown to be very effective in inhibiting the growth of glioma cells both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, the MLP is a promising siRNA delivery system for tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Glioma/terapia , Lipossomos/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Malato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Ratos , Análise Espectral
20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(2): 554-562, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749164

RESUMO

In order to analyze the effects of combined application of water retention agent and orga-nic fertilizer on physico-chemical properties of iron tailings and to find the optimal proportion of water retention agent and organic fertilizer for the improvement of iron tailings, the experimental plots of the combination trials with 2 factors in 4 levels were designed in the iron tailings of Qian'an Shougang through investigating some indexes of physico-chemical properties such as bulk density, moisture capacity, porosity, pH and the contents of organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus and potas-sium. The biomasses of Medicago sativa and Amorpha fruticosa planted in the experimental plots were measured to verify the improvement effects. 4 levels of super absorbent polymers (L·m-3) used in treatments were 0 (B0), 10 (B1), 50 (B2), 100 (B3), and 4 levels of organic fertilizer (kg·m-2) were 0(N0), 2.25 (N1), 11.24 (N2), 22.49 (N3). The improving effects of different treatments on physico-chemical properties of iron tailings were mainly reflected in the surface layer of 0-20 cm. All the tested indexes were significantly different from control (CK) in the layer of 0-20 cm. The improvement effects of organic fertilizer on physical and chemical properties of iron tai-lings were better than that of water retention agent. In the 0-20 cm layer, the bulk density, non-capillary porosity, organic matter, rapidly available phosphorus, and available potassium under all treatments of adding water retention agent individually were not significantly different from the CK, while significant difference was observed when the organic fertilizer was solely applied in B0N2 and B0N3 treatments. The improvement synergy effect of organic fertilizer and water retention agent was better than that of organic fertilizer or water retention agent, respectively. In 0-20 cm layer, all the indexes obtained from treatment B3N3 performed best and were significantly different from the CK, which was the optimum for the improvement of iron tailings.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Ferro , Solo , Nitrogênio , Fósforo
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