Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.293
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1697-1703, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492332

RESUMO

TiO2 doped layered zirconium phosphates were prepared by the hydrofluoric acid (HF) method and its photocatalytic performance was investigated in this study. Through the introduction of octylamine which acts as the intercalation and exfoliation reagent in the process, TiO2 could be uniformly generated and dispersed on the zirconium phosphate matrix through tetrabutyl titanate hydrolysis and calcination. The nano-scale TiO2 was obtained by applying the appropriate ratio of tetrabutyl titanate and layered zirconium phosphate in reaction. XRD, N2-sorption, FT-IR, UV-vis, SEM and TEM were used to characterize the structure and phtocatalytic properties of the samples. The photocatalytic performance of synthesized nano-scale TiO2 doped zirconium phosphates was studied by degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB). It is found that the scavenging rate of RhB could be up to 65% within 90 min under the visible light irradiation due to the relatively large active surface area and compact size of TiO2. This study highlights the potential application of TiO2 doped layered zirconium phosphate as a novel photocatalyst in photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants.

2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(4): 869-880, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of autologous fat transplantation is reduced by fat absorption and fibrosis that are closely related to unsatisfactory vascularization. Extracellular vesicles are key components of the cell secretome, which can mirror the functional and molecular characteristics of their parental cells. Growing evidence has revealed that adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to enhance vascularization, which is partly ascribed to extracellular vesicles. The authors evaluated whether adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles improved vascularization of fat grafts and increased their retention rate. METHODS: To test the angiogenesis ability of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles, they were isolated from the supernatant of cultured human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells and incubated with human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. Then, the vesicles were co-transplanted with fat into nude mice subcutaneously. Three months after transplantation, the retention rate and inflammatory reaction of the grafts were analyzed by histologic assay. RESULTS: The experimental group could significantly promote migration and tube formation at the concentration of 20 µg/ml. At 3 months after transplantation, the volume of the experimental group (0.12 ± 0.03 mm) was larger compared with the blank group (0.05 ± 0.01 mm). Histology and immunohistology results demonstrated significantly fewer cysts and vacuoles, less fibrosis, and more neovessels in the extracelluar vesicle group. CONCLUSIONS: The authors co-transplanted adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles with fat into a nude mouse model and found that the vesicles improved volume retention by enhancing vascularization and regulating the inflammatory response.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(19)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597318

RESUMO

This paper reports on an improved optical waveguide microcantilever sensor with high sensitivity. To improve the sensitivity, a buffer was introduced into the connection of the input waveguide and optical waveguide cantilever by extending the input waveguide to reduce the coupling loss of the junction. The buffer-associated optical losses were examined for different cantilever thicknesses. The optimum length of the buffer was found to be 0.97 µm for a cantilever thickness of 300 nm. With this configuration, the optical loss was reduced to about 40%, and the maximum sensitivity was more than twice that of the conventional structure.

4.
J Virol ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597776

RESUMO

The major obstacle to more definitive treatment for HIV infection is the early establishment of virus that persists despite long term combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and can cause recrudescent viremia if cART is interrupted. Previous studies of HIV DNA that persists despite cART indicated that only a small fraction of persistent viral sequences was intact. Experimental SIV-infections of nonhuman primates (NHPs) are essential models for testing interventions designed to reduce the viral reservoir. We studied viral genomic integrity of virus that persists during cART under conditions typical of many NHP reservoir studies, specifically with cART started within one-year post infection and continued for at least 9 months. The fraction of persistent DNA in SIV-infected NHPs starting cART during acute or chronic infection was assessed with a multi-amplicon, real-time PCR assay ("tile assay") spanning the viral genome combined with near full length (nFL) single genome sequencing. The tile assay is used to rapidly screen for major deletions with nFL sequence analysis used to identify additional potentially inactivating mutations. PBMC from animals starting cART within one month of infection, sampled at least 9 months after cART initiation, contained at least 80% intact genomes, whereas animals starting cART 1-year post infection and treated for one year contained intact genomes only 47% of the time. The most common defect identified was large deletions with the remaining defects caused by APOBEC-mediated mutations, frame shift mutations, and inactivating point mutations. Overall, this approach can be used to assess the intactness of persistent viral DNA in NHPs.Importance Molecularly defining the viral reservoir that persists despite antiretroviral therapy and can lead to rebound viremia if antiviral therapy is removed is critical for testing interventions aimed at reducing this reservoir. In HIV infection in humans, with delayed treatment initiation and extended treatment duration, persistent viral DNA has been shown to be dominated by nonfunctional genomes. Using multiple real-time PCR assays across the genome combined with near full genome sequencing, we defined SIV genetic integrity after 9 to 18 months of combination anti-retroviral therapy in rhesus macaques starting therapy within one year of infection. When starting therapy within a month of infection, the vast majority of persistent DNA was intact and presumptively functional. Starting therapy within one year increased the non-intact fraction of persistent viral DNA. The approach described here allows for rapid screening of viral intactness and is a valuable tool for assessing the efficacy of novel reservoir-reducing interventions.

5.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is a common complication in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), signaling dismal outcomes. This study was conducted to evaluate the survival benefit of postoperative portal vein perfusion chemotherapy (PVC) in patients with HCC and PVTT. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in 401 consecutive patients with HCC and PVTT who underwent hepatic resection between January 2009 and December 2015 and 67 patients received adjuvant postoperative PVC. A propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match patients with and without PVC at a ratio of 1:1. RESULTS: After PSM, the median time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in PVC group compared with control group (12.3 vs 5.8 months, P = .001; 19.0 vs 13.4 months, P = .037; respectively). At 1, 2, 3, and 5 years, the cumulative recurrence rates in PVC group were 48.1%, 86.5%, 92.3% ,96.2%, respectively, with OS rates of 63.8%, 37.9%, 24.4%, 18.3%, respectively; whereas cumulative recurrence rates of 76.6%, 91.5%, 94.3%, and 97.2%, respectively and OS rates of 55.4%, 23.0%, 12.4%, and 12.4%, respectively were recorded for the control group. In multivariate analysis, postoperative PVC emerged as a significant predictor for TTR (hazard ratio [HR], 0.523; P = .001) and OS (HR, 0.591; P = .010). PVC could reduce early recurrence (≤1 year) rate after surgical resection (40.3% vs 64.2%, P = .006) and clinical outcomes were further enhanced by adding sorafenib to postoperative PVC. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with surgical resection alone, postoperative adjuvant PVC treatment boosts survival and reduces early tumor recurrences in patients surgically treated for HCC and PVTT.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577906

RESUMO

We recently showed that sodium nitroprusside (SNP), an NO donor, attenuated hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Since hypertension is associated with enhanced prolifera-tion and hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), the present study examines whether in vivo treatment of SHR with SNP could also inhibit the augmented proliferation of VSMC and explore the signaling mechanisms. Treatment of 8-week-old SHR and WKY rats with SNP twice a week for two weeks inhibited the enhanced proliferation of VSMC from SHR, the enhanced expression of AT1 receptor, enhanced activation of c-Src, growth factor receptors and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. In addition, SNP also inhibited the overexpression of cell cycle pro-teins including cyclins D1, Cdk4, phosphorylated pRB and restored the downregulated Cdk inhibitors, p21Cip1 and p27Kip1expression towards control levels. Furthermore, SNP-induced inhibition of enhanced levels of AT1 receptor and enhanced proliferation was reversed by L-NAME, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. These results suggest that SNP-induced antiproliferative effect may be mediated through the inhibition of enhanced expression of AT1 receptor, cell cycle proteins and activation of c-Src, growth factor receptors and MAP kinase signaling.

7.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Linezolid has shown strong antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant (MDR)/rifampin-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Linezolid achieves clinical efficacy mainly through area under the concentration time curve/minimum inhibitory concentration ratio in the infected lesion site. Previous studies mainly focused on the relationship between linezolid concentrations in the blood and infected bone tissue when the blood drug concentration reached the peak 2 h after administration. However, we do not know whether linezolid can maintain the same bone/plasma ratio in infected bone tissue when the blood concentration reaches the trough level. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the penetrability of linezolid into bone tissue 24 h after administration in patients with MDR spinal tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: Nine MDR spinal TB patients, who received a treatment regimen including linezolid and underwent surgery, were enrolled prospectively from April 2017 to March 2019. Blood and diseased bone tissue specimens were collected simultaneously during operations 24 h after taking 600 mg of linezolid orally. Linezolid concentrations in plasma and diseased bone tissue specimens were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Following a 600 mg oral administration of linezolid 24 h before surgery, median concentrations of linezolid in plasma and diseased bone tissue for the 9 patients were 1.98 mg/L (range 0.30-3.44 mg/L) and 0.60 mg/L (range 0.18-2.13 mg/L), respectively, at resection time. The median diseased bone/plasma linezolid concentration ratio was 0.48 (range 0.30-0.67). Pearson's correlation analysis showed that linezolid concentrations in the plasma were positively related to those in diseased bone tissue (r = 0.949, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After 24 h of medication, linezolid still had good penetrability into diseased bone tissue in patients with MDR spinal TB.

8.
Eur J Radiol ; 120: 108686, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586850

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether imaging parameters derived from intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) vary according to tumor-stroma ratio(TSR) or dominant stroma type of breast cancer. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 77 patients with breast cancer who underwent IVIM DWI on a 3.0 T MR scanner. The values of IVIM parameters (D, D* and f) were measured. After surgery, TSR or dominant stroma type was evaluated. The relationship between imaging parameters and tumor stroma characteristics was analyzed. RESULTS: The mean D and f values were lower in stroma-poor tumor than in stroma-rich tumor (P = 0.012, 0.015). The mean D value was lower in the collagen-dominant type than in fibroblast-dominant or lymphocyte-dominant type (P = 0.032, 0.043). According to multivariate linear regression analyses, tumor size (P = 0.007), TSR (P = 0.008), dominant stroma type (collagen dominant, P = 0.012), and histological grade (P = 0.031) were independently correlated with D value; and tumor size (P = 0.011), TSR (P = 0.021) and histological grade (P = 0.037) were independently correlated with f value. CONCLUSION: In breast cancer, D and f values show significant differences according to TSR, and D value is lower in collagen dominant type than in fibroblast dominant or lymphocyte dominant types.

9.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 724, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn, a halophyte, usually grows on coastal beaches as an important mangrove plant. The salt-tolerant mechanisms and related genes of this species that respond to short-term salinity stress are unknown for us. The de novo transcriptome of C. inerme roots was analyzed using next-generation sequencing technology to identify genes involved in salt tolerance and to better understand the response mechanisms of C. inerme to salt stress. RESULTS: Illumina RNA-sequencing was performed on root samples treated with 400 mM NaCl for 0 h, 6 h, 24 h, and 72 h to investigate changes in C. inerme in response to salt stress. The de novo assembly identified 98,968 unigenes. Among these unigenes, 46,085 unigenes were annotated in the NCBI non-redundant protein sequences (NR) database, 34,756 sequences in the Swiss-Prot database and 43,113 unigenes in the evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups (eggNOG) database. 52 Gene Ontology (GO) terms and 31 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways were matched to those unigenes. Most differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to the GO terms "single-organism process", "membrane" and "catalytic activity" were significantly enriched while numerous DEGs related to the plant hormone signal transduction pathway were also significantly enriched. The detection of relative expression levels of 9 candidate DEGs by qRT-PCR were basically consistent with fold changes in RNA sequencing analysis, demonstrating that transcriptome data can accurately reflect the response of C. inerme roots to salt stress. CONCLUSIONS: This work revealed that the response of C. inerme roots to saline condition included significant alteration in response of the genes related to plant hormone signaling. Besides, our findings provide numerous salt-tolerant genes for further research to improve the salt tolerance of functional plants and will enhance research on salt-tolerant mechanisms of halophytes.

10.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 141, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PVT1 has emerged as an oncogene in many tumor types. However, its role in Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the role of PVT1 in BE/EAC progression and uncover its therapeutic value against EAC. METHODS: PVT1 expression was assessed by qPCR in normal, BE, and EAC tissues and statistical analysis was performed to determine the association of PVT1 expression and EAC (stage, metastases, and survival). PVT1 antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) were tested for their antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: PVT1 expression was up-regulated in EACs compared with paired BEs, and normal esophageal tissues. High expression of PVT1 was associated with poor differentiation, lymph node metastases, and shorter survival. Effective knockdown of PVT1 in EAC cells using PVT1 ASOs resulted in decreased cell proliferation, invasion, colony formation, tumor sphere formation, and reduced proportion of ALDH1A1+ cells. Mechanistically, we discovered mutual regulation of PVT1 and YAP1 in EAC cells. Inhibition of PVT1 by PVT1 ASOs suppressed YAP1 expression through increased phosphor-LATS1and phosphor-YAP1 while knockout of YAP1 in EAC cells significantly suppressed PVT1 levels indicating a positive regulation of PVT1 by YAP1. Most importantly, we found that targeting both PVT1 and YAP1 using their specific ASOs led to better antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide strong evidence that PVT1 confers an aggressive phenotype to EAC and is a poor prognosticator. Combined targeting of PVT1 and YAP1 provided the highest therapeutic index and represents a novel therapeutic strategy.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2943-2946, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602837

RESUMO

Hugan Tablets is a Chinese patent medicine,it has the function of anti-inflammation and reducing transaminase. Based on questionnaire investigation of doctors and a systematic review of research literature on Hugan Tablets,using international clinical practice guidelines' developing methods,with the best available evidence and fully combining expert experience,and following the principle of " evidence-based,consensus-based and experience-based",Expert consensus statement on Hugan Tablets in clinical practice was developed by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts from the nationwide,aimed at guiding and standardizing the rational use of Hugan Tablets by clinicians and to improve clinical efficacy and safety. The expert consensus adopts internationally recognized recommendation criteria for classification of evidence: GRADE. The formation of expert consensus adopts the nominal group technique. Six main considerations are quality of evidence,curative effect,safety,economical efficiency,patient acceptability and other factors. If there is sufficient evidence,a " recommendation" is formed,using GRADE grid voting rule. If there isn' t sufficient evidence,a " consensus opinion" is formed,using majority counting rule. Focus on the indication,usage and dosage,drug use in special population and safety of Hugan Tablets,two recommendations and eight consensus opinions were put forward. Through expert meetings and correspondence,a nationwide consultation and peer review was conducted. This consensus applies to clinicians in hospitals and grass-roots health services,to provide guidance and reference for the rational use of Hugan Tablets.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2966-2971, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602841

RESUMO

To study the effects of saikosaponin b2( SS-b2) on inflammatory factors and energy metabolism against lipopolysaccharide/galactosamine( LPS/Gal N) induced acute liver injury in mice. Mice were randomly divided into normal group( equal amount of normal saline),model group( 100 g·kg~(-1) LPS and 400 mg·kg~(-1) Gal N),low,medium,high dose group of SS-b2( SS-b25,10,20 mg·kg~(-1)·d-1) and positive control group( dexamethasone,10 mg·kg~(-1)). All of the groups except for the normal group were treated with LPS/Gal N though intraperitoneally injection to establish the acute liver injury model. The organ indexes were calculated. The levels of serum transaminases( ALT and AST) and the activities of ATPase( Na+-K+-ATPase,Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase) in liver were detected. The activity of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α),interleukin-1ß( IL-1ß) and interleukin-6( IL-6) were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The contents of lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) in liver were determined by micro-enzyme method. HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of the liver. Histochemical method was used to investigate the protein expression of liver lactate dehydrogenase-A( LDH-A). The protein expressions of Sirt-6 and NF-κB in the liver were detected by Western blot. According to the results,compared with the model group,there were significant changes in organ indexes in the high-dose group of SS-b2( P<0. 05). The level of ALT,AST,TNF-α,IL-1ß,IL-6 and the activities of LDH in serum of mice with liver injury were significantly reduced in the medium and high dose groups of SS-b2( P<0. 01). With the increase of the concentration of SS-b2,the range of hepatic lesions and the damage in mice decreased. The activities of Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase in liver of mice were significantly enhanced in each dose group( P<0. 01). The expression of NF-κB in liver tissues was significantly down-regulated in the medium and high dose group( P<0. 01). Meanwhile,the expression of Sirt-6 protein in the liver of mice with acute liver injury was significantly increased in each dose group( P<0. 01).In summary,SS-b2 has a significant protective effect on LPS/Gal N-induced acute liver injury in mice,which may be related to the down-regulation of NF-κB protein expression and up-regulation of Sirt-6 protein expression to improve inflammatory injury and energy metabolism.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3022-3034, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602849

RESUMO

To characterize the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). A Thermo Syncronls C18 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 7 µm) was used with methanol( A)-0. 1% formic acid solution( B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The injection volume was 2 µL; the column temperature was 40 ℃; the flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1; and electrospray ionization( ESI) source was used to collect data in positive and negative ion modes. The ion scanning range was m/z 50-1 200,with capillary voltage of 3 000 V,ion source temperature of100 ℃,atomization gas flow rate of 50 L·h-1,desolvent gas flow rate of 800 L·h-1,desolvent temperature of 400 ℃,cone hole voltage of 40 V,with argon as the collision gas and the collision energy was 20-35 V. The excimer ion peak information was analyzed by Waters UNIFI data processing software. The molecular formula with error within 1×10-5 was compared with the data in database to identify the compounds. The secondary fragment ion information of the target compound was selected,and then compared with the retention time and fragmentation patterns provided by the database and the existing literature to further confirm the compositions and structures of the compounds. A total of 68 main compounds in Huanbei Zhike Prescription were identified,including 38 flavonoids,10 organic acids,6 terpenoids and 10 nitrogen-containing compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the control substances. This method is rapid and accurate,which provides a new strategy for the qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription,and lays a foundation for the further study and quality control of the compound pharmacodynamic substance.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3195-3202, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602872

RESUMO

Dry granulation technology is a great innovation in granulation technology,which saves many intermediate links and reduces many intermediate costs. It is closely related to the characteristics of materials,dry granulation equipment and process. Dry granulation technology is a systematic engineering science covering many technical fields. The process of dry granulation involves complex mathematical model mechanisms of temperature field,pressure field and velocity field,closely related to the characteristics of materials and drying equipment. However,due to the late start of research on dry granulation technology of traditional Chinese medicine,basic research is still weak. The research on dry granulation technology has achieved great results in the fields of food,chemical industry,agriculture and forestry,showing great reference significance. The advantage of dry granulation of traditional Chinese medicine is that it can be directly granulated by adding an appropriate amount of auxiliary materials in the extract powder of traditional Chinese medicine,without the need of wetting,mixing,drying and other processes. The process is simple and can effectively guarantee the quality of traditional Chinese medicine. The granules obtained by the dry granulation technique are important intermediates for preparing the solid preparations of traditional Chinese medicines,which would directly affect the subsequent molding process and the quality of the preparation products. Therefore,based on the characteristics of dry granulation method in traditional Chinese medicine and by referring to the advanced research results of dry granulation technology in other fields,we would discuss the research ideas of dry granulation in traditional Chinese medicine in terms of the mechanism of dry granulation equipment,technology,on-line detection technology and mathematical model of dry granulation process,hoping to provide reference for the research of dry granulation method in traditional Chinese medicine.

15.
J Ovarian Res ; 12(1): 90, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554511

RESUMO

Phospholipase C (PLC) can participate in cell proliferation, differentiation and aging. However, whether it has a function in apoptosis in porcine primary granulosa cells is largely uncertain. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of PLC on apoptosis of porcine primary granulosa cells cultured in vitro. The mRNA expression of BAK, BAX and CASP3, were upregulated in the cells treated with U73122 (the PLC inhibitor). The abundance of BCL2 mRNA, was upregulated, while BAX and CASP3 mRNA expression was decreased after treatment with m-3M3FBS (the PLC activator). Both the early and late apoptosis rate were maximized with 0.5 µM U73122 for 4 h. The rate of early apoptosis was the highest at 4 h and the rate of late apoptosis was the highest at 12 h in the m-3M3FBS group. The protein abundance of PLCß1, protein kinase C ß (PKCß), calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseII α (CAMKIIα) and calcineurinA (CalnA) were decreased by U73122, and CAMKIIα protein abundance was increased by m-3M3FBS. The mRNA expression of several downstream genes (CDC42, NFATc1, and NFκB) was upregulated by PLC. Our results demonstrated that apoptosis can be inhibited by altering PLC signaling in porcine primary granulosa cells cultured in vitro, and several calcium-sensitive targets and several downstream genes might take part in the processes.

16.
J Food Biochem ; 43(9): e12976, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489668

RESUMO

Bromelain has wide applications in different industries, such as food, textile, and medicine. Traditional approaches for bromelain separation and purification from solution still have many problems, including unsatisfactory binding efficiency, time-consuming operation, and costly equipment. In the present study, a new type of dendritic polymer-based magnetic carrier (GO@Fe3 O4 @PEI-Cu2+ ) was first prepared for bromelain separation and purification in solution. The histidine existing in bromelain could bind to Cu2+ cations adsorbed on the surface of the magnetic carrier, and the magnetic carrier showed excellent performance for bromelain separation and purification in solution, with the adsorption capacity up to 357 mg/g. The magnetic carrier also exhibited excellent property in the aspect of recyclability. It was found that the magnetic carrier also presented desirable performance for the separation and purification of bromelain from the crude extract of pineapple peel, and the bromelain structure remained intact before and after elution process. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Considering many advantages of bromelain in the applications of pharmaceutical and food industries, this study is aimed at presenting a novel magnetic carrier with high stability and fabulous performance for bromelain separation and purification in solution and achieving the practical application that the magnetic carrier can efficiently separate bromelain from the crude extract of pineapple peel.

18.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543512

RESUMO

The present study discusses the expression and effect of the SOX17 gene in endometrioid adenocarcinoma. MTT assay is performed to determine the growth inhibition ratio of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-AZA for endometrial carcinoma cells, and the real-time fluorescence quantification PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of SOX17, ß-catenin, and CyclinD1 in endometrial carcinoma tissues before and after using 5-AZA to treat the endometrial carcinoma cell line. There were 30 cases on endometrioid adenocarcinoma tissues and 10 cases on normal endometrial tissues. The results revealed that the expression of SOX17 in endometrioid adenocarcinoma tissues was downregulated (P < 0.05), the expression of ß-catenin and CyclinD1 was upregulated (P < 0.05), and the expression of SOX17, CyclinD1, and ß-catenin was negatively correlated (r = -0.353, P > 0.05; R = -0.463, P < 0.05). The higher the histological grade and FIGO staging were, the lower the expression level of SOX17 was (P < 0.05). After HEC1A cells were treated by 5-AZA, the cell growth inhibition was most obvious (IC50 = 12.033) at 72 h, as determined by MTT assay. After cell treatment by 5-AZA, the genetic expression of SOX17 significantly increased, when compared with that before treatment (P < 0.05), while the genetic expression of ß-catenin and CyclinD1 significantly declined (P < 0.05). These results indicate that the expression level of SOX17 in endometrioid adenocarcinoma declined, and the upregulated expression level of SOX17 in cells inhibited the growth of tumor cells.

19.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-7, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478415

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effects of low-concentration (0.6 ng/mL) granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) supplementation on human embryo quality and pregnancy outcomes in patients with fresh transfer cycles. The data were retrospectively collected from 719 hyperstimulation cycles of 631 patients divided into two groups: GM-CSF supplementation (0.6 ng/mL, n = 399) and control (n = 320). The embryo quality and pregnancy outcomes were compared. GM-CSF addition significantly increased the available embryo rate (52.0 vs. 48.1%, p < .05). In patients >38 years, it significantly enhanced cleavage (99.4 vs. 97.8%, p < .05) and blastocyst formation (45.7 vs. 34.9%, p < .05) rates but not pregnancy outcomes, including clinical pregnancy (power = 0.160) and implantation (power = 0.204) rates. The lack of a statistically significant difference could be related to low study power. These results suggest that low-concentration GM-CSF addition contributes to embryo quality improvement, especially in patients >38 years. IMPACT STATEMENT What is already known on this subject? Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has a beneficial effect on the development of human embryos in assisted reproductive technology. What do the results of this study add? Adding 0.6 ng/mL GM-CSF significantly increased the available embryo rate. In patients over 38 years of age, it statistically significantly enhanced the cleavage rate (99.4 vs. 97.8%, p < .05) and blastocyst formation rate (45.7 vs. 34.9%, p < .05). What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? GM-CSF benefits embryos with poorer development potential and a randomised clinical trial with a larger sample size should be performed.

20.
Clin Chem ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) assays are increasingly used for clinical decision-making, but it is unknown how well different assays agree. We aimed to assess the agreement in ctDNA mutation calling between BEAMing (beads, emulsion, amplification, and magnetics) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), 2 of the most commonly used digital PCR techniques for detecting mutations in ctDNA. METHODS: Baseline plasma samples from patients with advanced breast cancer enrolled in the phase 3 PALOMA-3 trial were assessed for ESR1 and PIK3CA mutations in ctDNA with both BEAMing and ddPCR. Concordance between the 2 approaches was assessed, with exploratory analyses to estimate the importance of sampling effects. RESULTS: Of the 521 patients enrolled, 363 had paired baseline ctDNA analysis. ESR1 mutation detection was 24.2% (88/363) for BEAMing and 25.3% (92/363) for ddPCR, with good agreement between the 2 techniques (κ = 0.9l; 95% CI, 0.85-0.95). PIK3CA mutation detection rates were 26.2% (95/363) for BEAMing and 22.9% (83/363) for ddPCR, with good agreement (κ = 0.87; 95% CI, 0.81-0.93). Discordancy was observed for 3.9% patients with ESR1 mutations and 5.0% with PIK3CA mutations. Assessment of individual mutations suggested higher rates of discordancy for less common mutations (P = 0.019). The majority of discordant calls occurred at allele frequency <1%, predominantly resulting from stochastic sampling effects. CONCLUSIONS: This large, clinically relevant comparison showed good agreement between BEAMing and ddPCR, suggesting sufficient reproducibility for clinical use. Much of the observed discordancy may be related to sampling effects, potentially explaining many of the differences in the currently available ctDNA literature.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA