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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5307, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210262

RESUMO

Our objective was to identify metabolites associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR) by examining early and late pregnancy differences in non-targeted urinary metabolites among FGR cases and non-FGR controls. An exploratory case-control study within LIFECODES birth cohort was performed. FGR cases (N = 30), defined as birthweight below the 10th percentile, were matched with controls (N = 30) based on maternal age, race, pre-pregnancy body mass index, and gestational age at delivery. Gas chromatography/electron-ionization mass spectrometry was performed on urine samples collected at 10 and 26 weeks of gestation. Differences in urinary metabolite levels in cases and controls at each time point and between the two time points were calculated and then changes compared across pregnancy. 137 unique urinary metabolites were annotated, and several identified that were higher in cases compared to controls. For example, urinary concentrations of benzoic acid were higher in cases compared to controls at both study visits (3.01-fold higher in cases at visit 1, p < 0.01; 3.10-fold higher in cases at visit 3, p = 0.05). However, these findings from our exploratory analysis were not robust to false-discovery-rate adjustment. In conclusion, using a high-resolution, non-targeted approach, we found specific urinary organic acids differed over pregnancy by FGR case status.

2.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 149: 277-285, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088579

RESUMO

Drought can activate many stress responses in plant growth and development, including the synthesis of epidermal wax and the induction of abscisic acid (ABA), and increased wax accumulation will improve plant drought resistance. Therefore, an examination of wax biosynthesis genes could help to better understand the molecular mechanism of environmental factors regulating wax biosynthesis and the wax associated stress response. Here, we identified the MdCER2 gene from the 'Gala' (Malus× domestica Borkh.) variety of domestic apple, which is a homolog of Arabidopsis AtCER2. It possesses a transferase domain and the protein localizes on the cell membrane. The MdCER2 gene was constitutively expressed in apple tissues and was induced by drought treatment. Finally, we transformed the MdCER2 gene into Arabidopsis to identify its function, and found ectopic expression of MdCER2 promoted accumulation of cuticular wax in both leaves and stems, decreased water loss and permeability in leaves, increased lateral root number, changed plant ABA sensitivity, and increased drought resistance.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 254: 112672, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084553

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Intrahepatic cholestasis is a common condition of many liver diseases with few therapies. Yinchenzhufu decoction (YCZFD) is a representative traditional Chinese herbal formula used for treating jaundice and liver disease. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the hepatoprotective effect of YCZFD against cholestatic liver injury and reveal its potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice with alpha-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced intrahepatic cholestasis were orally administered YCZFD at doses of 3, 6, and 12g crude drug/kg for 2 weeks followed by subsequent analyses. A serum metabolomics study was then performed to explore the different metabolites influenced by YCZFD using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap hybrid mass spectrometry (UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS).The levels of individual bile acids in the serum, liver, and bile were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The expression of metabolic enzymes, transporters, inflammatory factors, and cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) was determined by real-time PCR, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: YCZFD administration decreased the serum biochemical indexes and ameliorated pathological damage, such as hepatic necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration. Serum metabolomics revealed that the metabolites influenced by YCZFD were mainly associated with bile acid metabolism and inflammation. YCZFD administration effectively ameliorated the disordered bile acid homeostasis. The bile acid transporter, multidrug-resistance associated protein 2 (Mrp2), and the metabolic enzyme, cytochrome P450 2b10 (Cyp2b10), were upregulated in the YCZFD intervention group compared to those in the ANIT-induced group. YCZFD administration also significantly inhibited nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and its phosphorylation and decreased the expression of proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in ANIT-induced cholestatic mice. Additionally, the level of CK-19 was lower in the YCZFD intervention group than in the ANIT-induced cholestatic mice. CONCLUSION: YCZFD administration ameliorated disordered bile acid homeostasis, inhibited NF-κB pathway-mediated inflammation, and protected the liver from bile duct injury. Therefore, YCZFD exerted a protective effect against cholestatic liver injury.

4.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152848, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051106

RESUMO

Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) dysregulation occurs frequently in extensive cancers. However, there was no report about piRNA expression in esophageal cancer (EC). In this study, the expression levels of piR-823 and DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B were detected in 54 pairs of ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction method. Pearson's chi-squared test and receiver operating characteristic curves were established to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of piR-823 in ESCC. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to evaluate the association between piR-823 and DNMTs. We found that piR-823 was significantly upregulated in ESCC tissues compared with matched normal tissues (P = 0.0213), the level of piR-823 was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.042). The ROC curve analysis of piR-823 expression level yielded an area under the ROC curve value of 0.713 (P = 0.0001). DNMT3B was upregulated in ESCC tissues compared with matched normal tissues (P = 0.0286). There was an obvious positive correlation between piR-823 and DNMT3B expression (r = 0.6420, P < 0.0001). In conclusion, for the first time, we provided evidence about piRNA expression in EC. piRNA-823 and DNMT3B were both upregulated in ESCC and positively correlated with each other, suggesting the tumor oncogenic role of piR-823 in ESCC to epigenetically induce aberrant DNA methylation through DNMT3B. In addition, piRNA-823 showed high specificity in detecting ESCC and higher piRNA-823 level indicated higher risk of lymph node metastasis, suggesting its diagnostic and prognostic biomarker potential.

5.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036571

RESUMO

Metasequoia glyptostroboides is a living fossil and an endangered species listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Distinguishing the genotypes of all wild individuals of M. glyptostroboides is important to delimit management units and key germplasm resources. We characterized 28 novel polymorphic microsatellite loci using a streptavidin-biotin microsatellite-enriched library and Illumina high-throughput sequencing. Characteristics of each locus were tested using 140 individuals collected from five natural populations of M. glyptostroboides. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 20, with a mean number of about 8 alleles. The observed and expected heterozygosities in each population ranged from 0.0000 to 1.0000 and from 0.0000 to 0.8958, respectively. Four to nine loci were cross-amplified successfully in seven species of Cupressaceae. The novel SSR markers will provide a toolkit for DNA identification of all of the extant wild individuals guiding further conservation efforts of M. glyptostroboides.

6.
Aquat Toxicol ; 221: 105441, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045789

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that BDE-47, one of the most abundant polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congeners, has a weak estrogenic activity, but it has remained unclear whether BDE-47 disrupts gonadal development and causes male-to-female sex reversal in lower vertebrates, with limited and controversial data. The present study aimed to determine the effects of BDE-47 on gonadal development in Xenopus laevis, a model amphibian species for studying adverse effects of estrogenic chemicals on reproductive development. X. laevis at stage 45/46 were exposed to BDE-47 (0.5, 5, 50 nM) in semi-static system, with 1 nM 17ß-estradiol (E2) as the positive control. When reaching stage 53, tadpoles were examined for gonadal morphology, histology and sex-dimorphic gene expression. The phenotypic sex (gonadal morphology and histology) of each BDE-47-treated tadpole matched its genetic sex, showing no sex-reversal, whereas one half of genetic males treated with E2 displayed ovarian-like features. However, some genetic males (26%) in the 50 nM BDE-47 treatment group were found to contain more germ cells clumping together in the medulla, along with an increasing tendency of the gonad length/kidney length ratio in males, resembling feminizing outcomes of E2. These observations seem to suggest that BDE-47 exerted weak feminizing effects. However, BDE-47 induced increases in expression of both female-biased genes and male-biased genes in two sexes, which disagrees with feminizing outcomes, suggesting complicated effects of BDE-47 on gonadal development. Taken together, all results demonstrate that nanomolar BDE-47 disrupted gonadal development and exerted weak feminizing effects, but not resulted in male-to-female sex reversal in X. laevis.

7.
Nanoscale ; 12(5): 3135-3145, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965134

RESUMO

Steering charge kinetics at the interface is essential to improve the photocatalytic performance of two-dimensional (2D) material-based heterostructures. Herein, we developed a novel strategy-simultaneously building two kinds of heterojunctions- to modulate interfacial charge kinetics in polymeric carbon nitride (CN) for improving the photocatalytic activity. Using a simple one-step thermal condensation of carbon quantum dot (CQD)-contained supramolecular precursors formed in water, the controllable CQD embedded CN nanoframes possessed two kinds of heterogeneous interfaces within seamlessly stitched micro-area two-dimensional in-plane and out-of-plane domains. These two kinds of heterojunctions can effectively enhance its intrinsic driving force to accelerate the separation and transfer of charge along different directions. Furthermore, the hollow double-deck porous CN-CQD nanoframes with a high surface area (296.74 m2 g-1) endowed more exposed active sites. The remarkable visible-light photocatalytic activity of hollow porous CN-CQD nanoframes was demonstrated by degrading tetracycline (TC) and rhodamine (RhB) as the models, whose robust degradation rate constant is approximately 11 and 29 times higher than that of pristine CN, respectively. This work provides a novel strategy for the interfacial design of the heterophase junction with atomic precision.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is one of the most serious complications of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). The risk factors for delayed hemorrhage are not clear. This study aimed to explore the risk factors for post-EST delayed hemorrhage and suggest some precautionary measures. METHODS: This study analyzed 8477 patients who successfully underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and EST between January 2007 and June 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to find the risk factors for delayed hemorrhage after EST. RESULTS: Of the 8477 patients screened, 137 (1.62%) experienced delayed hemorrhage. Univariate analysis showed that male, the severity of jaundice, duodenal papillary adenoma and carcinoma, diabetes, intraoperative bleeding, moderate and large incisions, and directional deviation of incision are risk factors for post-EST delayed hemorrhage (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that intraoperative bleeding [odds ratio (OR) = 3.326; 95% CI: 1.785-6.196; P < 0.001] and directional deviation of incision (OR = 2.184; 95% CI: 1.266-3.767; P = 0.005) are independent risk factors for post-EST delayed hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of post-EST delayed hemorrhage was 1.62% in our study. Intraoperative bleeding and directional deviation of incision are independent risk factors for post-EST delayed hemorrhage.

9.
Environ Pollut ; 260: 113980, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991354

RESUMO

Developmental exposures to estrogenic chemicals possibly cause structural and functional abnormalities of reproductive organs in vertebrates. Bisphenol AF (BPAF), a bisphenol A (BPA) analogue, has been shown to have higher estrogenic activity than BPA, but little is known about the effects of BPAF on gonadal development, particularly gonadal differentiation. We aimed to determine whether low concentrations of BPAF could disrupt gonadal differentiation and subsequent development using Xenopus laevis, a model species for studying feminizing effects of estrogenic chemicals. X. laevis tadpoles were exposed to BPAF (1, 10, 100 nM) or 17ß-estradiol (E2, positive control) from stages 45/46 to 53 and 66 in a semi-static exposure system, with a prolonged treatment with the highest concentration to the eighth week post-metamorphosis (WPM8). Gonadal morphology and histology as well as sexually dimorphic gene expression were examined to evaluate the effects of BPAF. All concentrations of BPAF caused changes in testicular morphology at different developmental stages compared with controls. Specifically, at stage 53, BPAF like E2 resulted in decreases in both the size and the number of gonadal metameres (gonomeres) in testes, looking like ovaries. Some of BPAF-treated testes remained segmented and even became discontinuous and fragmented at subsequent stages. Histological abnormalities were also observed in BPAF-treated testes, such as ovarian cavity at stages 53 and 66 and poorly developed seminiferous tubules on WPM8. At the molecular level, BPAF inhibited expression of male highly expressed genes in testes at stage 53. Correspondingly, BPAF, like E2, inhibited cell proliferation in testes at stage 50. All results show that low concentrations of BPAF inhibited testicular differentiation and subsequent development in X. laevis, along with feminizing effects to some degree. Our finding implies a risk of BPAF to the male reproductive system of vertebrates including humans.

10.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 26(4): 453-464, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common disorder with high social burden worldwide. Dysfunction of serotonin-1A receptor (5-HT1A receptor) in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus has been predominantly implicated in the anxiety behavior. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the deficiency of postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptor in regulating anxiety behavior remains unclear. METHODS: Using pharmacological and genetic methods, we investigated the role of detate nNOS in 5-HT1A receptor decline and anxiety behavior induced by chronic mild stress (CMS) in mice. RESULTS: Here we showed that local elevation of glucocorticoids in the DG accounted for chronic stress-induced anxiety behavior. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mediated chronic stress-induced downregulation of 5-HT1A receptor in the DG through peroxynitrite anion (ONOO•) pathway but not cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. By using pharmacological tool drugs and nNOS knockout mice, we found that nNOS in the DG played a key role in chronic stress-induced anxiety behavior. CONCLUSIONS: These findings uncovered an important role of nNOS-5-HT1A receptor pathway in the DG of the hippocampus in chronic stress-induced anxiety. Accordingly, we developed a "dentate nNOS-5-HT1A receptor closed-loop" theory (stress-glucocorticoids-nNOS-Nitric oxide-ONOO•-5-HT1A receptor -nNOS) of stress-related anxiety.

11.
Environ Int ; 134: 105282, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have demonstrated that cadmium exposure induces alterations on immune function, but epidemiological evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure and cellular immune responses among pre-school children. METHODS: Pre-school aged children (n = 407) were followed from a prospective birth cohort study in Wuhan, China. Maternal urinary and children's plasma cadmium concentrations were measured as biomarkers of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure, respectively. Children's cellular immune responses were assessed by peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and plasma cytokines. Multivariable adjusted models were applied to estimate the associations of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines, and the effect modification by child gender were also examined. RESULTS: Maternal urinary cadmium was associated with reduced absolute counts of CD3+CD4+ cells (-12.45%; 95% CI: -23.74%, 0.40% for the highest vs. lowest quartile; p for trend = 0.045). Inverse associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were only observed among females (both p-interaction < 0.050); whereas an inverse association with absolute counts of CD3+CD8+ cells was only observed among males (p-interaction = 0.057). Positive associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells, interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-6 were only observed among females, although there were no significant interactions. We observed no clear associations of children's plasma cadmium with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines. CONCLUSION: Prenatal but not postnatal cadmium exposure was associated with sex-specific alterations on children's cellular immune responses.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134289, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514034

RESUMO

Microeukaryotes are the key ecosystem drivers mediating marine productivity, the food web and biogeochemical cycles. The northwestern Pacific Ocean (NWPO), as one of the world's largest oligotrophic regions, remains largely unexplored regarding diversity and biogeography of microeukaryotes. Here, we investigated the community composition and geographical distribution of microeukaryotes collected from the euphotic zone of three different regions in the NWPO using high-throughput sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene and quantified the contributions of environmental factors on the distributions of microeukaryotes. The relative abundance of different group taxa, except for Ciliophora, presented distinct patterns in each region, and Metazoa and Dinoflagellata dominated the community, contributing approximately half of reads abundance. Spatial and environmental factors explained 66.01% of community variation in the NWPO. Temperature was the most important environmental factor significantly correlated with community structure. Bacterial biomass was also significantly correlated with microeukaryotic distribution, especially for Dinoflagellata and Diatomea. Network analysis showed strong correlations between microeukaryotic groups and free-living bacteria and different bacterial taxa were correlated with specific microeukaryotic groups, indicating that their interactions enabled microeukaryotic groups to adapt to diverse environments. This study provides a first glance at the diversity and geographical distribution of microeukaryotes in the NWPO and sheds light on the biotic and abiotic factors in shaping the microeukaryotic community in the ocean.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Monitoramento Ambiental , Cilióforos , Diatomáceas , Dinoflagelados , Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Oceano Pacífico , Água do Mar
13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18114, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792331

RESUMO

Thelytokous Wolbachia-infected Trichogramma spp. are widely used egg parasitoids against lepidopteran pests in biological control programs. Wolbachia may manipulate host wasps for superparasitism and is sensitive to temperature. To explore effects of temperature and superparasitism, we compared fitness parameters and Wolbachia-mediated phenotype of thelytokous Wolbachia-infected Trichogramma dendrolimi between those emerging from superparasitised or single-parasitised hosts at 17, 21, 25, or 29 °C. Infected mothers of T. dendrolimi showed reduced superparasitism and parasitism increased with temperature. Wolbachia titre decreased with temperature when females emerged from singly-parasitised hosts, but there was no correlation in superparasitised hosts. Females showed higher Wolbachia titres at 21, 25, or 29 °C when developing from superparasitised hosts. The daily male ratio of offspring increased with temperature, and the day-age threshold for 5%, 50%, or 95% daily male ratio decreased with temperature in both parasitism forms. Females that emerged from superparasitised hosts had a shorter life span and reduced fecundity. These results indicate that Wolbachia may affect host behaviour by increasing superparasitism to enhance its spread, but this has negative effects on thelytokous Wolbachia-infected T. dendrolimi.

14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 4596368, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885794

RESUMO

Tissue hypoxia caused by upper airway collapse is a main cause of excessive oxidative stress and systemic inflammation in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory responses affect cell survival and ultimately contribute to tissue injury. In the present study, we proposed that the induction of ROS by hypoxia, as an intrinsic stress, activates myoblast pyroptosis in OSA. We found increased cell death and abnormal expression of pyroptosis markers in the skeletal muscle of OSA mice. In vitro studies showed hypoxia-induced pyroptotic death of C2C12 myoblasts, as evidenced by the activation of caspase-1 and gasdermin D (GSDMD). Hypoxia induced ROS overproduction and accumulation in myoblasts. More importantly, applying N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an ROS scavenger, rescued cell swelling, downregulated the inflammatory response, and prevented pyroptotic death in hypoxia-cultured myoblasts. Hypoxia stimulation promoted NF-κB P65 phosphorylation and HIF-1α nuclear translocation. Moreover, hypoxia increased the nuclear level of cleaved caspase-1 and GSDMD. NAC inhibited hypoxia-induced variations in the HIF-1α and NF-κB signaling pathway. Taken together, our results determined that hypoxia-induced ROS contribute to myoblast pyroptosis. Therefore, our findings suggest that ROS may be a potential therapeutic target for ameliorating hypoxia-induced cell death and tissue injury, especially in OSA and hypoxia-related diseases.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17820, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860946

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the development of economy and the acceleration of population aging, Prostate cancer (PCa) has presented a situation of high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The recent studies have shown that Chinese patent medicine combined with endocrine therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer not only plays a synergistic role in enhancing the efficacy. This review hopes to adopt meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of pain caused by prostate cancer and provides evidence for its application in clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to June 2019. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of pain caused by prostate cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicine for pain caused by prostate cancer. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019131544.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Idoso , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 8218650, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772710

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder characterized by abnormal hormone levels in peripheral blood and poor-quality oocytes. PCOS is a pathophysiological syndrome caused by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of melatonin regulation on androgen production and antioxidative damage in granulosa cells from PCOS patients with hypoestrogenia and hyperandrogenia. Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes were collected from PCOS patients who had low levels of estrogen in follicular fluids. Results: Melatonin triggered upregulation of cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) expression via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway in luteinized granulosa cells. As a result, conversion of androgen to 17ß-estradiol was accelerated. We also found that melatonin significantly reduced the levels of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthetase and NO in luteinized granulosa cells. Levels of transcripts encoding NF-E2-related factor-2 and its downstream target heme oxygenase-1 were also increased, leading to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. We also found that melatonin could improve oocyte development potential. Conclusion: Our preliminary results showed that melatonin had a positive impact on oocyte quality in PCOS patients with hypoestrogenia and hyperandrogenia.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2943-2946, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602837

RESUMO

Hugan Tablets is a Chinese patent medicine,it has the function of anti-inflammation and reducing transaminase. Based on questionnaire investigation of doctors and a systematic review of research literature on Hugan Tablets,using international clinical practice guidelines' developing methods,with the best available evidence and fully combining expert experience,and following the principle of " evidence-based,consensus-based and experience-based",Expert consensus statement on Hugan Tablets in clinical practice was developed by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts from the nationwide,aimed at guiding and standardizing the rational use of Hugan Tablets by clinicians and to improve clinical efficacy and safety. The expert consensus adopts internationally recognized recommendation criteria for classification of evidence: GRADE. The formation of expert consensus adopts the nominal group technique. Six main considerations are quality of evidence,curative effect,safety,economical efficiency,patient acceptability and other factors. If there is sufficient evidence,a " recommendation" is formed,using GRADE grid voting rule. If there isn' t sufficient evidence,a " consensus opinion" is formed,using majority counting rule. Focus on the indication,usage and dosage,drug use in special population and safety of Hugan Tablets,two recommendations and eight consensus opinions were put forward. Through expert meetings and correspondence,a nationwide consultation and peer review was conducted. This consensus applies to clinicians in hospitals and grass-roots health services,to provide guidance and reference for the rational use of Hugan Tablets.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Humanos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Comprimidos
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3022-3034, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602849

RESUMO

To characterize the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). A Thermo Syncronls C18 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 7 µm) was used with methanol( A)-0. 1% formic acid solution( B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The injection volume was 2 µL; the column temperature was 40 ℃; the flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1; and electrospray ionization( ESI) source was used to collect data in positive and negative ion modes. The ion scanning range was m/z 50-1 200,with capillary voltage of 3 000 V,ion source temperature of100 ℃,atomization gas flow rate of 50 L·h-1,desolvent gas flow rate of 800 L·h-1,desolvent temperature of 400 ℃,cone hole voltage of 40 V,with argon as the collision gas and the collision energy was 20-35 V. The excimer ion peak information was analyzed by Waters UNIFI data processing software. The molecular formula with error within 1×10-5 was compared with the data in database to identify the compounds. The secondary fragment ion information of the target compound was selected,and then compared with the retention time and fragmentation patterns provided by the database and the existing literature to further confirm the compositions and structures of the compounds. A total of 68 main compounds in Huanbei Zhike Prescription were identified,including 38 flavonoids,10 organic acids,6 terpenoids and 10 nitrogen-containing compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the control substances. This method is rapid and accurate,which provides a new strategy for the qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription,and lays a foundation for the further study and quality control of the compound pharmacodynamic substance.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Terpenos/análise
19.
Chronobiol Int ; 36(12): 1723-1732, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609143

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the mRNA and protein expression levels of the circadian genes of the Period (Per) family, Per1, Per2 and Per3. Tissue sections of HNSCC and normal head and neck tissues from two patient cohorts from two different hospitals were collected to assess the mRNA and protein expressions of the three Per family genes using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The clinicopathological features and disease prognosis for the latter cohort were analyzed through IHC and statistical methods. Protein positive expression levels of the three Per family genes in HNSCC tissues was found to be approximately two times lower than that in normal tissues (p < .01). Moreover, patients with locally advanced HNSCC showed significantly greater downregulation of Per1, Per2 and Per3 mRNA expression levels as compared to patients with early-stage cancer (p < .05). Immunohistochemical examination of HNSCC patient tissues revealed a positive correlation between the Per family protein expression and the clinical tumor staging (p < .05). In addition, the Per protein-positive expression group showed higher 3-year survival rates [overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)] as assessed by Kaplan-Meier plots and statistical analysis (p < .05). Our findings confirm the positive correlation between Per family gene expression and survival outcomes and support their role as prognostic markers for HNSCC.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1976, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507578

RESUMO

Synechococcus is one of the most important contributors to global primary productivity, and ocean warming is predicted to increase abundance and distribution of Synechococcus in the ocean. Here, we investigated molecular response of an oceanic Synechococcus strain WH8102 grown in two nitrogen sources (nitrate and urea) under present (25°C) and predicted future (28°C) temperature conditions using an isobaric tag (IBT)-based quantitative proteomic approach. Rising temperature decreased growth rate, contents of chlorophyll a, protein and sugar in the nitrate-grown cells, but only decreased protein content and significantly increased zeaxanthin content of the urea-grown cells. Expressions of CsoS2 protein involved in carboxysome formation and ribosomal subunits in both nitrate- and urea-grown cells were significantly decreased in rising temperature, whereas carbohydrate selective porin and sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) were remarkably up-regulated, and carbohydrate degradation associated proteins, i.e., glycogen phosphorylase kinase, fructokinase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, were down-regulated in the urea-grown cells. Rising temperature also increased expressions of three redox-sensitive enzymes (peroxiredoxin, thioredoxin, and CP12) in both nitrate- and urea-grown cells. Our results indicated that rising temperature did not enhance cell growth of Synechococcus; on the contrary, it impaired cell functions, and this might influence cell abundance and distribution of Synechococcus in a future ocean.

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