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1.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 783563, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925288

RESUMO

Root diameter and rooting depth lead to morphological and architectural heterogeneity of plant roots; however, little is known about their effects on root-associated microbial communities. Bacterial community assembly was explored across 156 samples from three rhizocompartments (the rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and endosphere) for different diameters (0.0-0.5 mm, 0.5-1.0 mm, 1.0-2.0 mm, and>2.0 mm) and depths (0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-15 cm, and 15-20 cm) of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] root systems. The microbial communities of all samples were analyzed using amplicon sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes. The results showed that root diameter significantly affected the rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial communities, while rooting depth significantly influenced the rhizosphere and rhizoplane bacterial communities. The bacterial alpha diversity decreased with increasing root diameter in all three rhizocompartments, and the diversity increased with increasing rooting depth only in the rhizoplane. Clearly, the hierarchical enrichment process of the bacterial community showed a change from the rhizosphere to the rhizoplane to the endosphere, and the bacterial enrichment was higher in thinner or deeper roots (except for the roots at a depth of 15-20 cm). Network analysis indicated that thinner or deeper roots led to higher bacterial network complexity. The core and keystone taxa associated with the specific root diameter class and rooting depth class harbored specific adaptation or selection strategies. Root diameter and rooting depth together affected the root-associated bacterial assembly and network complexity in the root system. Linking root traits to microbiota may enhance our understanding of plant root-microbe interactions and their role in developing environmentally resilient root ecosystems.

2.
Small Methods ; 5(10): e2100573, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927938

RESUMO

Atomic-level design and construction of synergistic active centers are central to develop advanced oxygen electrocatalysts toward efficient energy conversion. Herein, an in situ construction strategy to introduce flexible redox sites of VNi centers onto Ni-based metal-organic framework (MOF) nanosheet arrays (NiV-MOF NAs) as a promising oxygen electrocatalyst is developed. The abundant redox VNi centers with flexible metal valence states of V+3/+4/+5 and Ni+3/+2 enable NiV-MOF NAs excellent oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity and a long-term stability under high current densities, achieving current densities of 10 and 100 mA cm-2 at recorded overpotentials of 189 and 290 mV, respectively, and showing ignorable decay of initial activity at 100 mA cm-2 after 100 h OER operation. Operando synchrotron radiation Fourier transform infrared combined with quasi in situ X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies reveal at atomic level that the flexible V sites can continuously accept electrons from adjacent active Ni sites to accelerate OER kinetics for NiV-MOF NAs during the reaction process, accompanied by a self-optimized structural distortion of VO6 octahedron for promoting the electrochemical stability.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824588

RESUMO

Working memory (WM), a central component of general cognition, plays an essential role in human beings' daily lives. WM impairments often occur in psychiatric, neurodegenerative, and neurodevelopmental disorders, mainly presenting as loss of high-load WM. In previous research, electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for cognitive impairments. Frequency parameters are an important factor in therapeutic results, but the optimal frequency parameters of EA have not yet been identified. In this study, we chose theta-EA (θ-EA; 6 Hz) and gamma-EA (γ-EA; 40 Hz), corresponding to the transcranial alternating-current stimulation (tACS) frequency parameters at the Baihui (DU20) and Shenting (DU24) acupoints, in order to compare the effects of different EA frequencies on WM. We evaluated WM performance using visual 1-back, 2-back, and 3-back WM tasks involving digits. Each participant (N = 30) attended three different sessions in accordance with a within-subject crossover design. We performed θ-EA, γ-EA, and sham-EA in a counterbalanced order, conducting the WM task both before and after intervention. The results showed that d-prime (d') under all three stimulation conditions had no significance in the 1-back and 2-back tasks. However, in the 3-back task, there was a significant improvement in d' after intervention compared to d' before intervention under θ-EA (F [1, 29] = 22.64; P < 0.001), while we saw no significant difference in the γ-EA and sham-EA groups. Reaction times for hits (RT-hit) under all three stimulation conditions showed decreasing trends in 1-, 2-, and 3-back tasks but without statistically significant differences. These findings suggest that the application of θ-EA might facilitate high-load WM performance.

4.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 748746, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746104

RESUMO

The ongoing Corona virus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has become a huge global health concern. Here, we reported a novel detection platform based on the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), termed real-time reverse transcription LAMP (rRT-LAMP) and applied it for the diagnosis of COVID-19 (COVID-19 rRT-LAMP). rRT-LAMP integrates reverse transcription, LAMP amplification, restriction endonuclease cleavage and real-time fluorescence detection into one-pot reaction, and facilitates the diagnosis of COVID-19 at 64°C for only 35 min. The ORF1ab (opening reading frame 1a/b) and NP (nucleoprotein) genes of SARS-CoV-2 were detected for diagnosing COVID-19. The limit of detection (LoD) of COVID-19 rRT-LAMP assay was 14 copies (for each marker) per vessel, and no positive results were obtained from non-SARS-CoV-2 templates. To demonstrate its feasibility, a total of 33 oropharynx swab samples collected from COVID-19 patients also were diagnosed as SARS-CoV-2 infection using COVID-19 rRT-LAMP protocol. No cross-reactivity was yielded from 41 oropharynx swab samples collected from non-COVID-19 patients. These data suggesting that the COVID-19 rRT-LAMP assay is a potential detection tool for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection in clinical, field and disease control laboratories, and will be valuable for controlling the COVID-19 epidemic.

5.
Microb Genom ; 7(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762026

RESUMO

Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative soil-dwelling bacillus that causes melioidosis, a frequently fatal infectious disease, in tropical and subtropical regions. Previous studies have identified the overall genetic and evolutionary characteristics of B. pseudomallei on a global scale, including its origin and transmission routes. However, beyond its known hyperendemicity foci in northern Australia and Southeast Asia, the distribution and genetic characteristics of B. pseudomallei in most tropical regions remain poorly understood, including in southern China. Here, we sequenced the genomes of 122 B. pseudomallei strains collected from Hainan, an island in southern China, in 2002-2018, to investigate the population structure, relationships with global strains, local epidemiology, and virulence and antimicrobial-resistance factors. A phylogenetic analysis and hierarchical clustering divided the Hainan strains into nine phylogenic groups (PGs), 80 % of which were concentrated within five major groups (group 1: corresponding to minor sequence types [STs], 12.3 %; group 3: ST46 and ST50, 31.1 %; group 9: ST58, 13.1 %; group 11: ST55, 8.2 %; group 15: mainly ST658, 15.6%). A phylogenetic analysis that included global strains suggested that B. pseudomallei in Hainan originated from Southeast Asian countries, transmitted in multiple historical importation events. We also identified several mutual transmission events between Hainan and Southeast Asian countries in recent years, including three importation events from Thailand and Singapore to Hainan and three exportation events from Hainan to Singapore, Malaysia, and Taiwan island. A statistical analysis of the temporal distribution showed that the Hainan strains of groups 3, 9, and 15 have dominated the disease epidemic locally in the last 5 years. The spatial distribution of the Hainan strains demonstrated that some PGs are distributed in different cities on Hainan island, and by combining phylogenic and geographic distribution information, we detected 21 between-city transmission events, indicating its frequent local transmission. The detection of virulence factor genes showed that 56 % of the Hainan strains in group 1 encode a B. pseudomallei-specific adherence factor, boaB, confirming the specific pathogenic characteristics of the Hainan strains in group 1. An analysis of the antimicrobial-resistance potential of B. pseudomallei showed that various kinds of alterations were identified in clinically relevant antibiotic resistance factors, such as AmrR, PenA and PBP3, etc. Our results clarify the population structure, local epidemiology, and pathogenic characteristics of B. pseudomallei in Hainan, providing further insight into its regional and global transmission networks and improving our knowledge of its global phylogeography.

6.
J Plant Physiol ; 267: 153546, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736004

RESUMO

Codonopsis pilosula is a traditional Chinese herbal medicinal plant and contains various bioactive components, such as C. pilosula polysaccharides (CPPs) and lobetyolin (Lob). Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) are gaseous molecule and have been well known for their ability to relieve some adverse influences on plant from abiotic stress. Endophytic fungus is non-pathogenic plant-associated fungus that could play a significant role in improving plant tolerance by signal molecule. In this work, we determined how inoculation of Trichoderma strain RHTA01 with C. pilosula changed the plant's growth, metabolite accumulation, and related enzyme activity. Results demonstrated that application of Trichoderma strain RHTA01 significantly improved the growth of C. pilosula. Moreover, it noticeably decreased antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity in C. pilosula leaves, reduced the content of H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA), and weakened the peroxidation of cell membrane lipids, which reduced the damage of abiotic stress to C. pilosula. Research has shown that it had obvious effects on levels of nitrogen and carbon metabolic enzymes. For example, sucrose synthase (SS) and acid invertase (AI) levels in C. pilosula roots were nearly 1.43 and 1.7 times higher, respectively, than those in the control (CK) group. In addition, it was notable that the production of CPPs and Lob, the most significant secondary metabolites in C. pilosula, were influenced by Trichoderma strain RHTA01. The obtained results indicate that inoculating C. pilosula with Trichoderma stimulates the carbon and nitrogen metabolism of the plant, and helps to increase the content of CPPs and Lob in the root of the plant.

7.
Front Neurol ; 12: 706611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630282

RESUMO

We aimed to explore whether motor function and activities of daily life (ADL) could be improved with the application of visual deprivation in two patients with Pusher syndrome complicated by hemispatial neglect after right basal ganglia stroke. We assessed two stroke patients suffering from severe motor disturbances, both tilting heavily to the left, with diagnoses of Pusher syndrome and left hemispatial neglect. Vision in the left eye was deprived using patches during clinical rehabilitation. Motor function promotion was confirmed using the Burke Lateropulsion Scale (BLS), Fugl-Meyer Balance Scale (FMBS), and Holden grade (HG), while the Barthel index (BI) assessed ADL immediately and 1 week after intervention. Both patients regained standing balance immediately using visual deprivation, as well as walking ability, although both scored 0 on the FMBS and HG. After 1 week of treatment, one patient increased to 11 and 3 on the FMBS and HG, respectively, while the BLS score decreased from 12 to 2, and the ADL increased from 23 to 70. The other patient demonstrated increases to 10 and 3 on the FMBS and HG, respectively, with the BLS decreasing from 13 to 3, and the ADL increasing from 25 to 60. Therefore, in the rehabilitation treatment of Pusher syndrome complicated by hemispatial neglect due to basal ganglia stroke, visual deprivation can significantly improve motor function and shorten the treatment course.

8.
Small ; 17(49): e2105231, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713574

RESUMO

Accurately manipulating the electronic structure of metal active sites under working conditions is central to developing efficient and stable electrocatalysts in industrial water-alkali electrolyzers. However, the lack of an intuitive means to capture the evolution of metal sites during the reaction state inhibits the manipulation of its electronic structure. Here, atomically dispersed Ru single-sites on cobalt nanoparticles confined onto macro-microporous frameworks (M-Co NPs@Ru SAs/NC) with tunable electron coupling effect for efficient catalysis of alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are constructed. Using operando X-ray absorption and infrared spectroscopies, a dynamic CoRu bond shrinkage with strong electron coupling effect under working conditions is identified, which significantly promotes the adsorption of water molecules and then accelerates its dissociation to form the key H* over Ru sites for high HER activity. The well-designed M-Co NPs@Ru SAs/NC delivers efficient HER performance with a small overpotential of 34 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and a high turnover frequency of ≈4284 H2  h-1 at -0.05 V, 40 times higher than that of the benchmark Pt/C. This work provides a new point of view to manipulate the electronic structure of the metal active sites for highly effective electrocatalysis processes.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6118, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675195

RESUMO

Uncovering the dynamics of active sites in the working conditions is crucial to realizing increased activity, enhanced stability and reduced cost of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrane electrolytes. Herein, we identify at the atomic level potential-driven dynamic-coupling oxygen on atomically dispersed hetero-nitrogen-configured Ir sites (AD-HN-Ir) in the OER working conditions to successfully provide the atomically dispersed Ir electrocatalyst with ultrahigh electrochemical acidic OER activity. Using in-situ synchrotron radiation infrared and X-ray absorption spectroscopies, we directly observe that one oxygen atom is formed at the Ir active site with an O-hetero-Ir-N4 structure as a more electrophilic active centre in the experiment, which effectively promotes the generation of key *OOH intermediates under working potentials; this process is favourable for the dissociation of H2O over Ir active sites and resistance to over-oxidation and dissolution of the active sites. The optimal AD-HN-Ir electrocatalyst delivers a large mass activity of 2860 A gmetal-1 and a large turnover frequency of 5110 h-1 at a low overpotential of 216 mV (10 mA cm-2), 480-510 times larger than those of the commercial IrO2. More importantly, the AD-HN-Ir electrocatalyst shows no evident deactivation after continuous 100 h OER operation in an acidic medium.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(39)2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548396

RESUMO

Elevated levels of MUC5AC, one of the major gel-forming mucins in the lungs, are closely associated with chronic obstructive lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and asthma. It is not known, however, how the structure and/or gel-making properties of MUC5AC contribute to innate lung defense in health and drive the formation of stagnant mucus in disease. To understand this, here we studied the biophysical properties and macromolecular assembly of MUC5AC compared to MUC5B. To study each native mucin, we used Calu3 monomucin cultures that produced MUC5AC or MUC5B. To understand the macromolecular assembly of MUC5AC through N-terminal oligomerization, we expressed a recombinant whole N-terminal domain (5ACNT). Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy imaging indicated that the two mucins formed distinct networks on epithelial and experimental surfaces; MUC5B formed linear, infrequently branched multimers, whereas MUC5AC formed tightly organized networks with a high degree of branching. Quartz crystal microbalance-dissipation monitoring experiments indicated that MUC5AC bound significantly more to hydrophobic surfaces and was stiffer and more viscoelastic as compared to MUC5B. Light scattering analysis determined that 5ACNT primarily forms disulfide-linked covalent dimers and higher-order oligomers (i.e., trimers and tetramers). Selective proteolytic digestion of the central glycosylated region of the full-length molecule confirmed that MUC5AC forms dimers and higher-order oligomers through its N terminus. Collectively, the distinct N-terminal organization of MUC5AC may explain the more adhesive and unique viscoelastic properties of branched, highly networked MUC5AC gels. These properties may generate insight into why/how MUC5AC forms a static, "tethered" mucus layer in chronic muco-obstructive lung diseases.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Mucina-5AC/química , Mucina-5AC/metabolismo , Mucina-5B/química , Mucina-5B/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Humanos , Mucosa Respiratória/citologia
11.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(36): 8706-8712, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472867

RESUMO

We present a strategy of self-nanocavity confinement for substantially boosting the superior electrochemical hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) selectivity for conductive metal-organic framework (MOF) materials. By using operando synchrotron radiation X-ray adsorption fine structure and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses, the dissociation of key *OOH intermediates during the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is effectively suppressed over the self-nanocavity-confined X-Ni MOF (X = F, Cl, Br, or I) catalysts, contributing to a favorable two-electron ORR pathway for highly efficient H2O2 production. As a result, the as-prepared Br-confined Ni MOF catalyst significantly promotes H2O2 selectivity up to 90% in an alkaline solution, evidently outperforming the pristine Ni MOF catalyst (40%). Moreover, a maximal faradic efficiency of 86% with a high cumulative H2O2 yield rate of 596 mmol gcatalyst-1 h-1 for electrochemical H2O2 generation is achieved by the Br-confined Ni MOF catalyst.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299966

RESUMO

Mega infrastructure projects (MIPs) have become increasingly important to the realization of sustainable development in China. Sustainable development is a process of dynamic balance, and coordinating the triple bottom line (the environmental, social, and economic dimensions) will enable more sustainable development of MIPs. However, previous studies have lacked consideration of coordination when applying sustainable development principles to the systematic identification of risks to MIPs. The goals of this study were to clarify the definition and dimensions of the sustainable development of MIPs and to identify the key risks of MIPs. A literature review was performed to extend the definition of sustainable development of MIPs by combining the triple bottom line with a fourth coordination dimension. A conceptual model of MIP risk identification was then proposed from an extended sustainable development perspective, 22 sustainability elements and 75 risk factors were identified, and the key risk factors were determined based on the interview responses and fuzzy set theory. The results show that economic risks have a high probability, social risks have a high loss, environmental risks have an intermediate probability and loss, and coordination risks have the greatest impact. In addition, the three most important key risk factors were found to be construction and installation cost overruns, land acquisition and resettling cost overruns, and information sharing with the public. Identifying key risk factors can provide information to help stakeholders understand the risk factors associated with MIPs and formulate reasonable risk response strategies.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , China , Fatores de Risco
13.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(4): 3466-3472, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of ultrasonic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in elderly patients with craniocerebral injury. METHODS: 86 cases of elderly patients with craniocerebral injury treated in our hospital between January 2017 and December 2018 were included, all of whom had the invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) and optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in ultrasonic testing. According to ICP measurement results, patients were divided into a normal ICP group (n = 44) and an increased ICP group (ICP ≥ 20 mmHg stood for increased ICP, n = 42). Gender, age, systolic blood pressure, blood glucose, hospital stay, oxyhemoglobin saturation, ISS score, ONSD value, hematoma type, primary injury, associated injury and complications of the patients were compared. RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed that the systolic blood pressure in the ICP increased group was significantly decreased while the blood glucose, ISS and ONSD values showed significant increase (P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that associated injury, systolic blood pressure and ONSD value had a significant influence on the increase of intracranial pressure (all P < 0.05). ONSD is positively correlated with ICP (r = 0.855, P = 0.000). The areas of systolic blood pressure and ONSD value under the curve in diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure in elderly patients with craniocerebral injury were 0.717 and 0.780, respectively. When the ONSD value was 4.90 mm, the area under the curve was 0.780, the sensitivity and specificity were 89.00% and 91.00%, respectively. When the ONSD value predicted that the critical value of good/poor prognosis of patients was 4.70 mm, the area under the curve was 0.796, the sensitivity was 91.00%, and the specificity was 90.00%. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter can diagnose the increase of intracranial pressure in elderly patients with craniocerebral injury, and can better predict the prognosis.

14.
Biomacromolecules ; 22(4): 1346-1356, 2021 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657790

RESUMO

Developing a versatile bioadhesive which is biocompatible, adhesive, hemostatic, and therapeutic is of great significance to promote wound sealing and healing. Herein, an adhesive (GTT-3 hydrogel) is fabricated by catalysis of tannic acid modified gelatin (Gel-TA) with transglutaminase (TG). The hydrogen bonding, imine linking, and acyl-transfer reaction between GTT-3 hydrogel and tissue enable efficient hydrogel integration and adhesion to tissue instantly, so as to seal the wound and stop bleeding. Moreover, the intrinsic wound healing ability of gelatin and the antibacterial properties of TA provide favorable conditions for wound healing after adhesion. In vitro mechanical property testing and cell experimental results determine the elasticity, adhesion, and biocompatibility of the GTT-3 hydrogel. The wound operation in mouse models and pathological sectioning results indicate that GTT-3 adhesive obviously accelerates hemostasis, wound bonding, and healing. With the special property of instant adhesion and excellent hemostatic and therapeutic repair effects, GTT-3 hydrogel may provide a new option for surgical operation.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Cicatrização , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Catálise , Gelatina , Hemostasia , Camundongos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23528, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutritional support is an indispensable treatment for critically ill patients. Enteral nutrition intolerance is one of the obstacles to the smooth progress of enteral nutrition.Enteral nutrition can be divided into continuous feeding and intermittent feeding. However, the effectiveness and safety of the 2 ways of nutrition infusion are controversial clinically. Therefore, this meta-analysis further evaluated the effect of intermittent feeding versus continuous feeding on enteral nutrition tolerance in critically ill patients. METHODS: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, EMbase, China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), China Journal full-text Database (CNKI), and Wanfang Database were searched for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of intermittent and continuous feeding on enteral nutrition tolerance in critically ill patients. The quality of literatures was strictly evaluated and the data were extracted by 2 investigators. Meta-analysis was carried out by applying RevMan 5.5 software. RESULTS: The results of this meta-analysis are published in peer-reviewed journals. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides reliable evidence-based support for the effects of intermittent and continuous feeding on enteral nutrition tolerance in critically ill patients. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/4BP5X.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/terapia , Nutrição Enteral , Nutrição Parenteral , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
16.
Trials ; 21(1): 910, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine have suggested that electroacupuncture (EA) could improve post-stroke cognitive impairment, based on the clinical evidence. This study protocol is aimed at showing the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA for post-stroke patients on working memory (WM) and electrophysiology. METHODS: After assessing their eligibility, 66 patients with stroke will be enrolled from two Chinese medicine hospitals and randomly divided into theta frequency EA group, gamma frequency EA group, and sham-EA group according to the ratio of 1:1:1. All patients will receive 20 sessions of EA procedures for 4 weeks. Patients in three groups will receive EA at two same acupoints in the head: Baihui (GV20) and Shenting (GV24). The frequency of the three groups of EA is set as follows: 6 Hz (theta-EA group), 40 Hz (gamma-EA group), and no current through the electrodes (sham EA). Patients and assessors will be blinded throughout the entire study. The primary outcome is the performance accuracy of 1-back task which is a frequently used measure of WM in cognitive neuroscience research contexts. Secondary outcome measures will include the response time of 1-back task, the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test, Trail Making Test, Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment Scale, modified Barthel Index, and electroencephalogram (EEG) signals during 1-back tasks. A blinding index will be assessed. Data will be statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA, at 5% of significance level. DISCUSSION: We expect this double-center, randomized, patient- and assessor-blinded, sham-controlled, parallel, clinical trial to explore the effectiveness of theta and gamma EA therapy, compared with sham EA, for post-stroke WM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000031995 . Registered on 17 April 2020.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Eletrofisiologia , Humanos , Memória de Curto Prazo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Food Sci Nutr ; 8(9): 4708-4716, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994932

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explain the effects and mechanism of miRNA-216 in osteosarcoma. We firstly evaluated the PTEN expression in 30 pairs of tumor and adjacent tissues which were from the 30 osteosarcoma patients. In the following cell experiments, we measured the cell proliferation, cell cycle, cell invasion, and migration abilities of NC (normal control) group, BL (blank) group, siRNA (miRNA-216 inhibitor) group, and siRNA+PTEN inhibitor group. Furthermore, we measured the relative protein expression of difference groups by WB to explain the mechanism of miRNA-216 in osteosarcoma. The PTEN was confirmed the target gene of miRNA-216 by double luciferase target test. In conclusion, miRNA-216 was an oncogene in osteosarcoma. miRNA-216 knockdown had effects to suppress cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration and improve cell apoptosis by keeping in G1 phase via PTEN.

18.
J Nat Prod ; 83(9): 2679-2685, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902982

RESUMO

Twelve new polyketides, including a naphthoquinone derivative, penithoketone (1), and 11 chromone derivatives, penithochromones A-L (2-12), together with three known compounds (13-15) were isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungus Penicillium thomii YPGA3. The structures of the metabolites were elucidated based on extensive analyses of the spectroscopic data, and the configuration of 1 was resolved by quantum chemical calculations of NMR shifts and ECD spectra and comparisons to experimental data. Compound 1, containing a naphthoquinone-derived moiety substituted with a butenolide unit, represents a new modified naphthoquinone skeleton. Interestingly, the 5,7-dioxygenated chromone derivatives 2-13 possessed different alkyl acid or alkyl ester side chain lengths, and those with side chain lengths of seven carbon atoms were discovered from nature for the first time. The metabolites were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against four cancer cell lines; compounds 1 and 15 were found to be active, with IC50 values ranging from 4.9 to 9.1 µM.


Assuntos
Penicillium/química , Policetídeos/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Oceanos e Mares , Microbiologia da Água
19.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104691, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712131

RESUMO

Chemical examination of the fermented material of the deep-sea-derived fungus Penicillium thomii YPGA3 led to the identification of a rare 19-nor labdane-type diterpenoid, named penitholabene (1). The structure was elucidated based on extensive analyses of the spectroscopic data and quantum chemical calculations of the 13C NMR and ECD data. A synthetic compound from commercial sources with the same planar structure is recorded in SciFinder (CAS number: 1217878-75-5), but there is no related reference and the configurations of chiral centers and double bond are not depicted. Penitholabene was reported as a new compound in the current study. To our knowledge, Penitholabene represents the first 19-nor labdane-type diterpenoid found in nature. It showed inhibitory effect against α-glucosidase with an IC50 value of 282 µM, being more active than the positive control acarbose (1.33 mM).


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Penicillium/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Oceano Pacífico
20.
Clin Lab ; 66(7)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently no clinical biomarker for the early diagnosis of giant cell tumor of bone. Long-chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a wide range of important gene regulatory functions and play an important role in the occurrence and development of various malignant tumors. This study mainly screened the differential expression of lncRNAs in patients with giant cell tumor of bone by gene chip technology, verified the biological function. We tried to establish a reference basis for early diagnosis of tumor and prediction of tumor recurrence. METHODS: From September 2018 to September 2019, we randomly selected 20 cases of primary giant cell tumor of bone and 20 cases of recurrent giant cell tumor of bone, and 20 cases of bone trauma tissue. First, the differential expression of incRNAs in the bone tissue of the patients was evaluated via utilizing gene chip technology. The gene chip was Human LncRNA Array v 3.0 (8 x 60 K) was completed by Shanghai Kangcheng Biotechnology Co., Ltd. The DAVID online analysis platform was used to analyze the differentially expressed genes by GO and KEGG pathways. The target lncRNAs were screened; real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the relative expression levels of target lncRNAs in bone tissue and serum of three groups of patients. RESULTS: Using gene chip technology screening, fold-change (FC) value > 2.0 was used as standard. A total of 1,254 differentially expressed lncRNAs were detected of which 896 were up-regulated and 358 were down-regulated. Additionally, a total of 106 differentially expressed lncRNAs were detected with FC values > 10.0. Among these, 72 lncRNAs were upregulated and 34 lncRNAs were downregulated. We then selected two lncRNAs with up-regulation and down-regulation with the largest fold difference. qRT-PCR analytical results showcased that the expression of AK124776 in bone tissue and serum of patients in the recurrent group was significantly higher than that of the initial group and the normal group. Conversely, for RP11-160A10.2, the expression level in the recurrent group was significantly lower than that in the initial group, and the normal group was the highest; the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Finally, we used the expression levels of AK124776 and RP11-160A10.2 in each group as the diagnostic indicators. According to the receiver operating curve (ROC), the accuracy of AK¬124776 and RP11-160A10.2 in the diagnosis of giant cell tumor of bone (area under the curve), the AUC was 0.865 and 0.877, respectively; the accuracy of predicting recurrence of giant cell tumor of bone was 0.832 and 0.841, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The early detection of differential expression of lncRNAs in the serum of patients with giant cell tumor of bone is important for the diagnosis of disease and prediction of recurrence. The establishment of stable expression of lncRNAs and simple and easy detection methods are of great value for guiding clinical application.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Osso e Ossos , China , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/diagnóstico , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/genética , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
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