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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5937, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39009564

RESUMO

How disruptions to normal cell differentiation link to tumorigenesis remains incompletely understood. Wilms tumor, an embryonal tumor associated with disrupted organogenesis, often harbors mutations in epigenetic regulators, but their role in kidney development remains unexplored. Here, we show at single-cell resolution that a Wilms tumor-associated mutation in the histone acetylation reader ENL disrupts kidney differentiation in mice by rewiring the gene regulatory landscape. Mutant ENL promotes nephron progenitor commitment while restricting their differentiation by dysregulating transcription factors such as Hox clusters. It also induces abnormal progenitors that lose kidney-associated chromatin identity. Furthermore, mutant ENL alters the transcriptome and chromatin accessibility of stromal progenitors, resulting in hyperactivation of Wnt signaling. The impacts of mutant ENL on both nephron and stroma lineages lead to profound kidney developmental defects and postnatal mortality in mice. Notably, a small molecule inhibiting mutant ENL's histone acetylation binding activity largely reverses these defects. This study provides insights into how mutations in epigenetic regulators disrupt kidney development and suggests a potential therapeutic approach.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Rim , Mutação , Análise de Célula Única , Animais , Camundongos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Cromatina/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Tumor de Wilms/genética , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Acetilação , Humanos , Organogênese/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Néfrons/metabolismo , Néfrons/patologia , Néfrons/embriologia , Transcriptoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Multiômica
2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 133719, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992544

RESUMO

A new polysaccharide fraction (ATP) was obtained from Armillariella tabescens mycelium. Structural analysis suggested that the backbone of ATP was →4)-α-D-Glcp(1 â†’ 2)-α-D-Galp(1 â†’ 2)-α-D-Glcp(1 â†’ 4)-α-D-Glcp(1→, which branched at O-3 of →2)-α-D-Glcp(1 â†’ and terminated with T-α-D-Glcp or T-α-D-Manp. Besides, ATP significantly alleviated ulcerative colitis (UC) symptoms and inhibited the production of pro-inflammation cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6). Meanwhile, ATP could improve colon tissue damage by elevating the expression of MUC2 and tight junction proteins (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1) levels and enhance intestinal barrier function through inhibiting the activation of MMP12/MLCK/p-MLC2 signaling pathway. Further studies exhibited that ATP could increase the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria such as f. Muribaculacese, g. Muribaculaceae, and g. Alistips, and decrease the relative abundance of g. Desulfovibrio, g. Colidextribacter, g. Ruminococcaceae and g.Oscillibacter, and regulate the level of short-chain fatty acids. Importantly, FMT intervention with ATP-derived microbiome certified that gut microbiota was involved in the protective effects of ATP on UC. The results indicated that ATP was potential to be further developed into promising therapeutic agent for UC.

3.
Inflammation ; 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39014159

RESUMO

Intestinal stem cells rapidly differentiate into various epithelial cells, playing a crucial role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. Melatonin, a known endogenous molecule with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has its potential efficacy in ileum stem cells differentiation not fully understood to date. This study indicates that melatonin suppresses ileum inflammation and maintains normal differentiation of ileum stem cells through MTNR1B. Subsequent outcomes following treatment with MTNR1B inhibitors further substantiate these findings. Additionally, overexpression of METTL3 protein appears to be a potential instigator for promoting ileum inflammation and disruptions in cell differentiation. Treatment with the METTL3 inhibitor SAH significantly inhibits ileum inflammation and Wnt/ß-catenin activity, thereby sustaining normal cellular differentiation functions. In summary, this study showed that melatonin may improve ileum inflammation and maintain cell differentiation functions by inhibiting abnormal METTL3 expression via MTNR1B.

4.
Protein Expr Purif ; : 106554, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39002828

RESUMO

Neuritin plays an important role in promoting nerve injury repair and maintaining synaptic plasticity, making it a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of nerve injury and neurodegenerative diseases. The present study aimed to obtain an active, unlabeled neuritin protein. Initially, a neuritin protein expression system with an enterokinase site was constructed in Escherichia coli. After optimizing induction conditions and screening for high expression, a neuritin recombinant protein with purity exceeding 85% was obtained through Ni-affinity chromatography. Subsequently, unlabeled neuritin with a molecular weight of 11 kDa was obtained through the enzymatic cleavage of the His label using an enterokinase. Furthermore, a neuritin recombinant protein with purity exceeding 95% was obtained using gel chromatography. Functional investigations revealed that neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells was stimulated by the isolated neuritin. This study establishes a method to obtain active and unlabeled neuritin protein, providing a foundation for subsequent research on its biological functions.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 16156, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38997337

RESUMO

Dermatophagoides farina (D. farinae) and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (D. pteronyssinus) are the prevalent kinds of house dust mites (HDMs). HDMs are common inhalant allergens that cause a range of allergic diseases, such as rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and asthma. The epidemiology of these diseases is associated with exposure to mites. Therefore, in the present study, a method named multiplex loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed to detect environmental dust mites. The multiplex LAMP assay allows amplification within a single tube and has an ITS plasmid detection limit as low as 40 fg/µL for both single dust mites and mixed dust mites (D. pteronyssinus and D. farinae), which is up to ten times more sensitive than classical PCR techniques. Furthermore, the multiplex LAMP method was applied to samples of single dust mites and clinical dust to confirm its validity. The multiplex LAMP assay exhibited higher sensitivity, simpler instrumentation, and visualization of test results, indicating that this method could be used as an alternative to traditional techniques for the detection of HDMs.


Assuntos
Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Animais , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus/genética , Dermatophagoides farinae/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
RSC Adv ; 14(30): 21250-21259, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974229

RESUMO

Simultaneous extraction of anthocyanins and removal of sugars from Kushui rose was performed using an ethanol-ammonium sulphate aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). The effects of different parameters, such as type of salt, concentrations of salt and ethanol, temperature and pH on the partition coefficient and recovery of anthocyanins in the top system and sugars in the bottom system were studied. Furthermore, an experimental design of a three-level three-factor Box-Behnken design response surface methodology (RSM) was used to obtain optimal extraction conditions. The maximum partition coefficient (5.64) and recovery (78%) of anthocyanins in the top system within the investigated range were obtained at 22% (w/w) concentration of ammonium sulphate, 25% (w/w) concentration of ethanol, pH 5 and 33.5 °C. During the discussion of the main factors, the maximum recovery of sugars reached 70.09%. The HPLC profile of anthocyanins obtained from the ATPS top phase was similar to that of anthocyanins extracted by ethanol, which indicated that the ethanol-ammonium sulphate ATPS was suitable for the extraction of anthocyanins. On the basis of the anthocyanin stability experiment, anthocyanins extracted from Kushui rose should be stored at low pH and temperature.

7.
Environ Int ; 190: 108872, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has been found to be associated with growth and developmental abnormalities in children. However, the potential mechanisms by which exposure to EDCs during pregnancy increases the risk of obesity in children remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore associations between prenatal EDC exposure and the body mass index (BMI) of children at age two, and to further explore the potential impact of DNA methylation (DNAm). METHOD: This study included 285 mother-child pairs from a birth cohort conducted in Wuhan, China. The BMI of each child was assessed at around 24 months of age. The concentrations of sixteen EDCs at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters were measured using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. The research utilized general linear models, weighted quantile sum regression, and Bayesian Kernel Machine Regression to assess the association between prenatal EDC exposure and childhood BMI z-scores (BMIz). Cord blood DNAm was measured using the Human Methylation EPIC BeadChip array. An epigenome-wide DNAm association study related to BMIz was performed using robust linear models. Mediation analysis was then applied to explore potential mediators of DNAm. RESULTS: Urinary concentrations of seven EDCs were positively associated with BMIz in the 1st trimester, which remained significant in the WQS model. A total of 641 differential DNAm positions were associated with elevated BMIz. Twelve CpG positions (annotated to DUXA, TMEM132C, SEC13, ID4, GRM4, C2CD2, PRAC1&PRAC2, TSPAN6 and DNAH10) mediated the associations between urine BP-3/BPS/MEP/TCS and elevated BMIz (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that prenatal exposure to EDCs was associated with a higher risk of childhood obesity, with specific DNAm acting as a partial mediator.

8.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988259

RESUMO

Loss of Lon1 led to stunted plant growth and accumulation of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins including Lon1 substrates. However, an in-depth label-free proteomics quantification of mitochondrial proteins in lon1 revealed that the majority of mitochondrial-encoded proteins decreased in abundance. Additionally, we found that lon1 mutants contained protein aggregates in the mitochondrial that were enriched in metabolic enzymes, ribosomal subunits and PPR-containing proteins of the translation apparatus. These mutants exhibited reduced general mitochondrial translation as well as deficiencies in RNA splicing and editing. These findings support the role of Lon1 in maintaining a functional translational apparatus for mitochondrial-encoded gene translation. Transcriptome analysis of lon1 revealed a mitochondrial unfolded protein response reminiscent of the mitochondrial retrograde signalling dependent on the transcription factor ANAC017. Notably, lon1 mutants exhibited transiently elevated ethylene production, and the shortened hypocotyl observed in lon1 mutants during skotomorphogenesis was partially alleviated by ethylene inhibitors. Furthermore, the short root phenotype was partially ameliorated by introducing a mutation in the ethylene receptor ETR1. Interestingly, the upregulation of only a select few target genes was linked to ETR1-mediated ethylene signalling. Together this provides multiple steps in the link between loss of Lon1 and signalling responses to restore mitochondrial protein homoeostasis in plants.

9.
Nucl Med Commun ; 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The radionuclide-labeled bevacizumab (BV) is a potential therapeutic approach for vascular endothelial growth factor overexpressed tumors. Because of its large molecular weight, BV is cleared slowly in vivo, which caused damage to healthy tissues and organs. On account of this situation, using the pretargeting strategy with DNA/RNA analogs, such as peptide nucleic acid (PNA), is an effective way of treating solid tumors. METHODS: The BV-PNA conjugate (BV-PNA-1) was injected intravenously as the pretargeted probe, which was specifically accumulated in a solid tumor and gradually metabolically cleared. Then the [177Lu]Lu-labeled complementary PNA strand ([177Lu]Lu-PNA-2) as the second probe was injected, and bound with BV-PNA-1 by the base complementary pairing. In this study, the BV-based PNA-mediated pretargeting strategy was systematically studied, including stability of probes, specific binding ability, biodistribution in animal model, evaluation of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography imaging, and therapeutic effect. RESULTS: Compared with group A ([177Lu]Lu-BV), the group B (BV-PNA-1 + [177Lu]Lu-PNA-2) showed lower blood radiotoxicity (22.55 ±1.62 vs. 5.18 ±â€…0.40%, %ID/g, P < 0.05), and similar accumulation of radioactivity in tumor (5.32 ±â€…0.66 vs. 6.68 ± 0.79%, %ID/g, P > 0.05). Correspondingly, there was no significant difference in therapeutic effect between groups A and B. CONCLUSION: The PNA-mediated pretargeting strategy could increase the tumor-to-blood ratio, thereby reducing the damage to normal tissues, while having a similar therapeutic effect to solid tumor. All the experiments in this study showed the potential and effectiveness of pretargeting radioimmunotherapy.

10.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5960, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992861

RESUMO

Coptidis Rhizoma (CR) holds significant clinical importance. In this study, we conducted a comparative analysis of CR's dispensing granule decoction (DGD) and traditional decoction (TD) to establish a comprehensive evaluation method for the quality of DGD. We selected nine batches of DGD (three from each of manufacturers A, B and C) and 10 batches of decoction pieces for analysis. We determined the content of representative components using high-performance liquid chromatography and assessed the content of blood components in vivo post-administration using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antibacterial activity was measured using the drug-sensitive tablet method. To evaluate the overall consistency of DGD and TD, we employed the CRITIC method and Grey relational analysis method. Our CRITIC results indicated no significant difference between the CRITIC scores of DGD-B and TD, with DGD-B exhibiting the highest consistency and overall quality. However, DGD-A and DGD-C showed variations in CRITIC scores compared with TD. After equivalent correction, the quality of DGD-A and DGD-C approached that of TD. Furthermore, our Grey relational analysis results supported the findings of the CRITIC method. This study offers a novel approach to evaluate the consistency between DGD and TD, providing insights into improving the quality of DGD.

11.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948805

RESUMO

The "bubblegum" acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSBG1) is a pivotal player in lipid metabolism during the development of the mouse brain, facilitating the activation of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and their integration into essential lipid species crucial for brain function. Through its enzymatic activity, ACSBG1 converts LCFAs into acyl-CoA derivatives, supporting vital processes like membrane formation, myelination, and energy production. Its regulatory role significantly influences neuronal growth, synaptic plasticity, and overall brain development, highlighting its importance in maintaining lipid homeostasis and proper brain function. Originally discovered in the fruit fly brain, ACSBG1 attracted attention for its potential implication in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (XALD) pathogenesis. Studies using Drosophila melanogaster lacking the ACSBG1 homolog, bubblegum, revealed adult neurodegeneration with elevated levels of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA). To explore ACSBG1's role in fatty acid (FA) metabolism and its relevance to XALD, we created an ACSBG1 knockout (Acsbg1-/-) mouse model and examined its impact on lipid metabolism during mouse brain development. Phenotypically, Acsbg1-/- mice resembled wild type (w.t.) mice. Despite its primary expression in tissues affected by XALD, brain, adrenal gland and testis, ACSBG1 depletion did not significantly reduce total ACS enzyme activity in these tissues when using LCFA or VLCFA as substrates. However, analysis unveiled intriguing developmental and compositional changes in FA levels associated with ACSBG1 deficiency. In the adult mouse brain, ACSBG1 expression peaked in the cerebellum, with lower levels observed in other brain regions. Developmentally, ACSBG1 expression in the cerebellum was initially low during the first week of life but increased dramatically thereafter. Cerebellar FA levels were assessed in both w.t. and Acsbg1-/- mouse brains throughout development, revealing notable differences. While saturated VLCFA levels were typically high in XALD tissues and in fruit flies lacking ACSBG1, cerebella from Acsbg1-/- mice displayed lower saturated VLCFA levels, especially after about 8 days of age. Additionally, monounsaturated ω9 FA levels exhibited a similar trend as saturated VLCFA, while ω3 polyunsaturated FA levels were elevated in Acsbg1-/- mice. Further analysis of specific FA levels provided additional insights into potential roles for ACSBG1. Notably, the decreased VLCFA levels in Acsbg1-/- mice primarily stemmed from changes in C24:0 and C26:0, while reduced ω9 FA levels were mainly observed in C18:1 and C24:1. ACSBG1 depletion had minimal effects on saturated long-chain FA or ω6 polyunsaturated FA levels but led to significant increases in specific ω3 FA, such as C20:5 and C22:5. Moreover, the impact of ACSBG1 deficiency on the developmental expression of several cerebellar FA metabolism enzymes, including those required for synthesis of ω3 polyunsaturated FA, was assessed; these FA can potentially be converted into bioactive signaling molecules like eicosanoids and docosanoids. In conclusion, despite compelling circumstantial evidence, it is unlikely that ACSBG1 directly contributes to the pathology of XALD. Instead, the effects of ACSBG1 knockout on processes regulated by eicosanoids and/or docosanoids should be further investigated.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 946: 174350, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38960203

RESUMO

There is limited evidence on the effects of intrauterine chromium (Cr) exposure on children's cognitive developmental delay (CDD). Further, little is known about the genetic factors in modifying the association between intrauterine Cr exposure and CDD. The present study involved 2361 mother-child pairs, in which maternal plasma Cr concentrations were assessed, a polygenic risk score for the child was constructed, and the child's cognitive development was evaluated using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. The risks of CDD conferred by intrauterine Cr exposure in children with different genetic backgrounds were evaluated by logistic regression. The additive interaction between intrauterine Cr exposure and genetic factors was evaluated by calculating the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP), and synergy index (SI). According to present study, higher intrauterine Cr exposure was significantly associated with increased CDD risk [each unit increase in ln-transformed maternal plasma Cr concentration (ln-Cr): adjusted OR (95 % CI), 1.18 (1.04-1.35); highest vs lowest quartile: adjusted OR (95 % CI), 1.57 (1.10-2.23)]. The dose-response relationship of intrauterine Cr exposure and CDD for children with high genetic risk was more prominent [each unit increased ln-Cr: adjusted OR (95 % CI), 1.36 (1.09-1.70)]. Joint effects between intrauterine Cr exposure and genetic factors were found. Specifically, for high genetic risk carriers, the association between intrauterine Cr exposure and CDD was more evident [highest vs lowest quartile: adjusted OR (95 % CI), 2.33 (1.43-3.80)]. For those children with high intrauterine Cr exposure and high genetic risk, the adjusted AP was 0.39 (95 % CI, 0.07-0.72). Conclusively, intrauterine Cr exposure was a high-risk factor for CDD in children, particularly for those with high genetic risk. Intrauterine Cr exposure and one's adverse genetic background jointly contribute to an increased risk of CDD in children.

13.
J Control Release ; 372: 795-809, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38960150

RESUMO

Biofilms, particularly those formed by multiple bacterial species, pose significant economic and environmental challenges, especially in the context of medical implants. Addressing the urgent need for effective treatment strategies that do not exacerbate drug resistance, we developed a novel nanoformulation, Ce6&PMb@BPN, based on black phosphorus nanosheets (BPN) for targeted treatment of mixed-species biofilms formed by Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).The formulation leverages polymyxin B (PMb) for bacterial targeting and chlorin e6 (Ce6) for photodynamic action. Upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, Ce6&PMb@BPN efficiently eliminates biofilms by combining chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), reducing biofilm biomass significantly within 30 min. In vivo studies on mice infected with mixed-species biofilm-coated catheters demonstrated the formulation's potent antibacterial and biofilm ablation effects. Moreover, comprehensive biosafety evaluations confirmed the excellent biocompatibility of Ce6&PMb@BPN. Taken together, this intelligently designed nanoformulation holds potential for effectively treating biofilm-associated infections, addressing the urgent need for strategies to combat antibiotic-resistant biofilms, particularly mixed-species biofilm, in medical settings.

14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1403851, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966529

RESUMO

Background: Several observational studies suggested an association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and bronchiectasis. Nevertheless, the presence of a causal relationship between these conditions is yet to be determined. This study aimed to investigate whether genetically predicted RA is associated with the risk of bronchiectasis and vice versa. Methods: We obtained RA genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from FinnGen consortium, and bronchiectasis GWAS data from IEU Open GWAS project. Univariate Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed using inverse variance weighted (IVW) estimation as the main method. Furthermore, bidirectional and replication MR analysis, multivariate MR (MVMR), Mediation analysis, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to validate the findings. Results: In the UVMR analysis, the IVW results revealed that RA had an increased risk of bronchiectasis (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.10-1.27; p = 2.34 × 10-6). In the reverse MR analysis, no evidence of a causal effect of bronchiectasis on the risk of RA was detected. Conversely, in the replication MR analysis, RA remained associated with an increased risk of bronchiectasis. Estimates remained consistent in MVMR analyses after adjusting for the prescription of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and glucocorticoids. Immunosuppressants were found to mediate 58% of the effect of the RA on bronchiectasis. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the stability of these associations. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a positive causal relationship between RA and an increased risk of bronchiectasis, offering insights for the early prevention of bronchiectasis in RA patients and shedding new light on the potential role of immunosuppressants as mediators in promoting the effects of RA on bronchiectasis.

15.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007163

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is one of the most challenging diseases in the 21st century, and more than 10 million people around the world suffer from IBD. Because of the limitations and adverse effects associated with conventional IBD therapies, there has been increased scientific interest in microbial-derived biomolecules, known as postbiotics. Postbiotics are defined as the preparation of inanimate microorganisms and/or their components that confer a health benefit on the host, comprising inactivated microbial cells, cell fractions, metabolites, etc. Postbiotics have shown potential in enhancing IBD treatment by reducing inflammation, modulating the immune system, stabilizing intestinal flora and maintaining the integrity of intestinal barriers. Consequently, they are considered promising adjunctive therapies for IBD. Recent studies indicate that postbiotics offer distinctive advantages, including spanning clinical (safe origin), technological (easy for storage and transportation) and economic (reduced production costs) dimensions, rendering them suitable for widespread applications in functional food/pharmaceutical. This review offers a comprehensive overview of the definition, classification and applications of postbiotics, with an emphasis on their biological activity in both the prevention and treatment of IBD. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

16.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007287

RESUMO

Simple and practical strategies for visible-light-induced C-H alkylation of 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinones with cyclobutanone oxime esters and hydroxamic acid derivatives have been developed under mild and redox-neutral conditions. These two reactions can be carried out at room temperature and obtain a variety of 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives with cyano and amide groups. Moreover, the cyanoalkylation reaction of 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinones can proceed smoothly in the absence of photocatalysts.

17.
Nanotechnology ; 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39025082

RESUMO

Flexible, wearable triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) monitoring human movement and health signals have received more attention recently. In particular, developing a flexible TENG combining stress, strain, electrical output performance and durability becomes the current research focus. Herein, a highly stretchable, self-powered coaxial yarn TENGs were manufactured using a low-cost, efficient continuous wet-spinning method. Carbon nanotube/conductive thermoplastic polyurethane (MWCNT/CTPU) and polyvinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) were utilized for the coaxial fibers conductive layers and dielectric layers, respectively. Fibers were continuously collected over a length of 10 m. Excellent electrical output with an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 11.4 V, short-circuit current (Isc) of 114.8 nA, and short-circuit transfer charge (Qsc) of 6.1 nC was achieved. In addition, fabric TENGs with different two and three dimensional structures were further prepared by the developed coaxial fibers. The corresponding electrical output properties and practical performance were discussed. Results showed that the four-layer three-dimensional angle interlocking structure exhibited the optimal performance with an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 38.4 V, short-circuit current (Isc) of 451.5 nA, and short-circuit transfer charge (Qsc) of 23.1 nC.

18.
Small Methods ; : e2400408, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949412

RESUMO

Adverse side reactions and uncontrolled Zn dendrites growth are the dominant factors that have restricted the application of Zn ion batteries. Herein, a 3D self-supporting porous carbon fibers (denoted as PCFs) host is developed with "trap" effect to adjust the Zn deposition. The unique open structural design of N-doped carbon can act as the zincophilic sites to induce uniform deposition and inhibit adverse side reactions. More importantly, the porous hollow PCFs host with "trap" effect can induce Zn deposition in the fiber by adjusting the local electric field and current density, thereby increasing the specific energy density of the battery and inhibiting dendrite growth. In addition, the 3D open frameworks can regulate Zn2+ flux to enable outstanding cycling performance at ultra-high current densities. As expected, the PCFs framework guarantees the uniform Zn plating and stripping with an outstanding stability over 6000 cycles at the current density of 40 mA cm-2. And the Zn@PCFs||MnO2 full battery shows an excellent lifespan over 1300 cycles at 2000 mA g-1.

19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1316: 342828, 2024 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969425

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus, a serious chronic disease with fatal consequences for millions annually, is of utmost concern. The development of efficient and simple devices for monitoring glucose levels is of utmost significance in managing diabetes. The advancement of nanotechnology has resulted in the indispensable utilization of advanced nanomaterials in high-performance glucose sensors. Modulating the morphology and intricate composition of transition metals represents a viable approach to exploit their structure/function correlation, thereby achieving optimal electrocatalytic performance of the synthesized catalysts. RESULTS: Herein, a sensitive and rapid Cu-encapsulated Cu2S@nitrogen-doped carbon (Cu@Cu2S@N-C) hollow nanocubes-functionalized microfluidic paper-based analytical device (µ-PAD) was fabricated. Through a delicate sacrificial template/interface technique and thermal decomposition, inter-connected hollow networks were formed to boost the active sites, and the carbon shell was coated to protect Cu from being oxidation. For application, the constructed µ-PAD is used for glucose sensing utilizing an origami automated sample pretreatment system enabled by a simple application of strong alkaline solution on wax paper. Under optimal circumstances, the Cu@Cu2S@N-C electrochemical biosensor exhibits broad detection range of 2-7500 µM (R2 = 0.996) with low detection limit of 0.16 µM (S/N = 3) and high sensitivity of 1996 µA mM-1 cm-2. Additionally, the constructed µ-PAD also exhibited excellent selectivity, stability, and reproducibility. SIGNIFICANCE: By rationally designing the double-shell hollow nanostructure and introducing Cu-encapsulated inner layer, the synthesized Cu@Cu2S@N-C hollow nanocubes show large specific surface area, short diffusion channels, and high stability. The proposed origami µ-PAD has been successfully applied to serum samples without any additional sample preparation steps for glucose determination, offering a new perspective for early nonenzymatic glucose diagnosis.

20.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 408, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39014367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a considerable public health challenge in Moyu County, Xinjiang. Here, we evaluated the influencing factors of osteoporosis in this region. METHODS: We recruited 7,761 participants and randomized them into normal and osteoporotic populations based on T-score. The effects of general conditions, body composition, calcium sources and exercise, respiratory exposure, and daily diet on osteoporosis were analyzed. Furthermore, a structural equation model was constructed to uncover the direct and indirect influencing factors of osteoporosis. RESULTS: Among the participants, 1,803 (23.23%) had normal bone mass while 1,496 (19.28%) had osteoporosis. The univariate analysis showed significant differences in the general conditions, body composition, calcium sources and exercise, respiratory exposure, and daily diet. Stratification based on age (45 years) and body mass index (BMI) (18.5 kg/m2) showed variations in the body composition between the two groups; however, the visceral fat differed significantly. Logistic regression analysis affirmed the association of visceral fat index as it was included in all equations, except for age and female menopause. The structural equation exhibited that the general conditions, body composition, and, calcium sources, and exercise were direct factors of osteoporosis, while respiratory exposure and daily diet were indirect factors. The standardized path coefficient was highest in general conditions, followed by body composition, and lastly, calcium sources and exercise. CONCLUSION: Obesity, besides age and female menopause, is also an influencing factor of osteoporosis. The visceral fat index plays a vital role in osteoporosis. Our findings may provide experimental evidence for early prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Gordura Intra-Abdominal , Osteoporose , Humanos , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Masculino , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Idoso , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
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