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1.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 73(1): 56-59, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624336

RESUMO

Two new phenalenone analogs hispidulones A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the specially bioenvironmental desert plant endophytic fungus Chaetosphaeronema hispidulum. The structure of these two compounds were elucidated by extensive spectra analysis including HR-ESI-MS, NMR (1H, 13C, 1H-1H COSY, HSQC, and HMBC), CD, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) combined with quantum-chemical calculations adopting time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) approaches. The W long-ranged 1H-1H COSY and HMBC correlations are very important in the structural elucidation of these two compounds. Hispidulone A (1) possesses a cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one moiety, whereas hispidulone B (2) contains a hemiacetal OCH3 group, which are very rare in the structures of phenalenone analogs. According to structural features of these two compounds together considering the literature, the possible biosynthetic pathway of 1 and 2 was postulated. Hispidulone B (2) displayed cytotoxic activities against three cancer cell lines A549, Huh7, and HeLa with IC50 values of 2.71 ± 0.08, 22.93 ± 1.61, and 23.94 ± 0.33 µM.

2.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124933, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726611

RESUMO

The occurrence, air-sea exchange, and gas-particle partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were analyzed during a 2015 research expedition from the East China Sea (ECS) to the open Northwest Pacific Ocean (NWP). The sum of 13 PBDEs (Σ13PBDEs) in air and surface seawater varied in the range of 0.54-14.5. pg m-3 and 0.60-13.5 pg L-1, respectively, with the highest concentrations observed in the ECS. The Clausius-Clapeyron approach and air mass origin analysis indicated that continued primary emissions of PBDEs, particularly BDE-209, from East Asian sources governed the spatial variability of air PBDEs over the NWP through long-range atmospheric transport (LRAT). Net air-to-seawater gas deposition of PBDEs was evidenced based on the fugacity calculation with sum fluxes of seven selected PBDEs ranging from -45 to -582 pg m-2 d-1. Following the substantial advection of aerosol phase BDE-209 over the ECS, dry particle deposition dominated the input pathway of PBDEs into the ECS, whereas in the open NWP, relatively free from the influence of the land emissions, fluxes in PBDE absorption and in dry particle deposition were comparable. This suggests an impact of continental outflow on the fate of atmospheric PBDEs over the NWP. Regarding gas-particle partitioning, PBDEs over the NWP were obviously absorbed into continental organic aerosols during atmospheric transport, except for BDE-209, which tended to remain within the steady state.

3.
Food Chem ; 308: 125696, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655482

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEA) is a fungal contaminant widely found in grains. In cereal samples, trace zearalenone was extracted and enriched using magnetic-surfaced pseudo molecularly imprinted polymers (SPMIPs) and detected. SPMIPs were prepared with Fe3O4 as the magnetic core, modified halloysites nanotubes as supporting materials, and selective imprinted polymers as shells. Vinyl was modified on the surface of halloysites nanotube. SPMIPs were synthesized with pseudo templates. SPMIPs as the adsorbent of dispersed-solid phase extraction (µ-SPE) were used to purify and enrich ZEA from maize samples. After optimized, the pretreatment method was evaluated. The linearity of the method was ranged within 10-200 ng mL-1. LOD and LOQ were 2.5 ng mL-1 and 8 ng mL-1 respectively. The ZEA spiking recoveries in maize samples ranged within 74.95-88.41% were with good RSDs lower than 4.25%. The developed method was successful applied in maize, oat, and wheat sample treatments and compared.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134289, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514034

RESUMO

Microeukaryotes are the key ecosystem drivers mediating marine productivity, the food web and biogeochemical cycles. The northwestern Pacific Ocean (NWPO), as one of the world's largest oligotrophic regions, remains largely unexplored regarding diversity and biogeography of microeukaryotes. Here, we investigated the community composition and geographical distribution of microeukaryotes collected from the euphotic zone of three different regions in the NWPO using high-throughput sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene and quantified the contributions of environmental factors on the distributions of microeukaryotes. The relative abundance of different group taxa, except for Ciliophora, presented distinct patterns in each region, and Metazoa and Dinoflagellata dominated the community, contributing approximately half of reads abundance. Spatial and environmental factors explained 66.01% of community variation in the NWPO. Temperature was the most important environmental factor significantly correlated with community structure. Bacterial biomass was also significantly correlated with microeukaryotic distribution, especially for Dinoflagellata and Diatomea. Network analysis showed strong correlations between microeukaryotic groups and free-living bacteria and different bacterial taxa were correlated with specific microeukaryotic groups, indicating that their interactions enabled microeukaryotic groups to adapt to diverse environments. This study provides a first glance at the diversity and geographical distribution of microeukaryotes in the NWPO and sheds light on the biotic and abiotic factors in shaping the microeukaryotic community in the ocean.

5.
J Med Virol ; 92(1): 17-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475735

RESUMO

A series of butene lactones were synthesized and these compounds were tested for anti-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) activity in vitro. Three compounds exhibited an antiviral effect, the highest of which was compound 6b3 with an effective concentration 50% of 6.35 µM. The effects of 6b3 were then evaluated in vivo and a significant reduction in the lung index caused by RSV was detected. Reduced inflammatory infiltration and necrosis of the lungs were revealed by histopathology and gross pathology. Activation of an early immune response by 6b3 was also observed by cytokine analysis via a real-time polymerase chain reaction. These results indicated that 6b3 has an anti-RSV effect both in vitro and in vivo, and is a possible candidate compound for the development of an anti-RSV drug in the future.

6.
Talanta ; 206: 120202, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514885

RESUMO

Tetracycline (TC), a widely-used antibiotic to treat bacterial infections, combines with Eu3+ to form a stable EuTC complex that has a low fluorescence (FL) yield because of Eu3+ coordination with water molecules. We report a simple, label-free ratiometric fluorescent platform for sensitively and selectively sensing of TC, using L-histidine caped gold nanoclusters (His-AuNCs) as a FL indicator and an enhancer of Eu3+ FL. The His-AuNCs were prepared via chemical reduction of Au(III) by L-histidine, which was a reducer and a protecting agent. The His-AuNCs exhibited good photostability, outstanding stability toward high ionic strengths, storage stability, and favorable optical properties. In the absence of TC, the AuNCs-Eu3+ system displays strong FL emission at 475 nm (F475) from the His-AuNCs and weak FL at 620 nm from Eu3+ (F620) with excitation at 375 nm. TC quenches the His-AuNC FL and greatly enhances the Eu3+ emission. This is attributed to an enhancement of the EuTC complex fluorescence by the His-AuNCs. Thus, a ratiometric F620/F475 FL signal can be used for TC detection by simply mixing AuNCs and Eu3+. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range from 10 nM to 60 µM and a detection limit of 4 nM (S/N = 3) for TC were obtained. The application of the assay platform for the detection of TC in environmental and biological samples was demonstrated. The sensing platform has advantages of easy preparation, rapid response, high sensitivity, and good selectivity.

7.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790585

RESUMO

The actuation and levitation of air-suspended objects by a magnetic field, due to its noncontact and holonomic manipulation modes, are important technological capabilities for device applications. However, owing to a higher density of conventional ferromagnets or nanoparticle-containing polymers and strong magnetic fields required for actuation, fabricating lightweight materials with a sensitive magnetic response for weight critical applications is challenging. Here, we report ultralight aerogel-based magnets (aero-magnets) comprising assembled ferromagnetic nanomaterials with highly magnetic anisotropy where the magnetic domains can be programmed by external predesigned fields. To demonstrate the breadth of manufacturing methods for this breed of aero-magnet composites, both silica/nanocellulose aerogel hosts and ferromagnetic nanorod/nanoplatelet guests have been explored. Single and double domains with out-of-plane magnetization are programmed into the aero-magnets and characterized by magnetic force microscopy. The levitation and actuation of the aero-magnets are realized while exposed to a small external magnetic field of 11 mT and introduced to a switching circuit. Furthermore, the elastic moduli of the aero-magnets are estimated by dynamic magnetic responses of the ferromagnetic nanoparticles tightly tethered in the aerogel hosts under rapid cyclic fields. These programmable aero-magnets could serve as monolithic magnetic actuator units in the fields of tiny robots and aerospace components.

8.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 15(12): e1007510, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790389

RESUMO

Quantifying cell-type proportions and their corresponding gene expression profiles in tissue samples would enhance understanding of the contributions of individual cell types to the physiological states of the tissue. Current approaches that address tissue heterogeneity have drawbacks. Experimental techniques, such as fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and single cell RNA sequencing are expensive. Computational approaches that use expression data from heterogeneous samples are promising, but most of the current methods estimate either cell-type proportions or cell-type-specific expression profiles by requiring the other as input. Although such partial deconvolution methods have been successfully applied to tumor samples, the additional input required may be unavailable. We introduce a novel complete deconvolution method, CDSeq, that uses only RNA-Seq data from bulk tissue samples to simultaneously estimate both cell-type proportions and cell-type-specific expression profiles. Using several synthetic and real experimental datasets with known cell-type composition and cell-type-specific expression profiles, we compared CDSeq's complete deconvolution performance with seven other established deconvolution methods. Complete deconvolution using CDSeq represents a substantial technical advance over partial deconvolution approaches and will be useful for studying cell mixtures in tissue samples. CDSeq is available at GitHub repository (MATLAB and Octave code): https://github.com/kkang7/CDSeq.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790099

RESUMO

A V2O5 porous nanodisk thin film is synthesized through a simple hydrothermal and subsequent VO2 template oxidation strategy. For the first time, V2O5 is employed as a cathode rather than an anode to construct lithium-ion hybrid capacitors. This design effectively utilizes the intrinsic layered structure of V2O5 for facile Li+ intercalation and facilitates the charge balance with the capacitive electrode, enabling superior performance of the device.

10.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799523

RESUMO

The results of numerous studies have led to the development of supramolecular (assembled) organic substances for use in biomedical imaging as part of comprehensive approaches to the diagnosis of diseases. This review summarizes recent advances that have been made in the design and fabrication of assembled organic dyes for fluorescence and photoacoustic bioimaging.

11.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18114, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792331

RESUMO

Thelytokous Wolbachia-infected Trichogramma spp. are widely used egg parasitoids against lepidopteran pests in biological control programs. Wolbachia may manipulate host wasps for superparasitism and is sensitive to temperature. To explore effects of temperature and superparasitism, we compared fitness parameters and Wolbachia-mediated phenotype of thelytokous Wolbachia-infected Trichogramma dendrolimi between those emerging from superparasitised or single-parasitised hosts at 17, 21, 25, or 29 °C. Infected mothers of T. dendrolimi showed reduced superparasitism and parasitism increased with temperature. Wolbachia titre decreased with temperature when females emerged from singly-parasitised hosts, but there was no correlation in superparasitised hosts. Females showed higher Wolbachia titres at 21, 25, or 29 °C when developing from superparasitised hosts. The daily male ratio of offspring increased with temperature, and the day-age threshold for 5%, 50%, or 95% daily male ratio decreased with temperature in both parasitism forms. Females that emerged from superparasitised hosts had a shorter life span and reduced fecundity. These results indicate that Wolbachia may affect host behaviour by increasing superparasitism to enhance its spread, but this has negative effects on thelytokous Wolbachia-infected T. dendrolimi.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; : 109944, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalates are endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that pose a serious hazard to the human health. Many epidemiological studies revealed a relationship between phthalates exposure and blood pressure in general population, while the relationship in pregnant women remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: Aimed to elucidate whether phthalate exposure is associated with blood pressure among pregnant women. METHODS: This study included 636 participants from Wuhan, China. Urine samples were conducted repeatedly in three trimesters, and 9 phthalates were measured in these samples. After each urine was sampled, all the participants completed blood pressure measurements. Associations between repeated measurements of phthalate concentration and blood pressure were evaluated by using generalized estimating equations. Stratified analysis by fetus gender was conducted. RESULTS: Among the pregnant women with male fetuses, mono-i-butyl phthalate (MiBP) exposed in the 1st trimester was associated with the increased diastolic blood pressure (DBP) measured in the 2nd trimester, while the environmental risk score (ERS) measured in the 1st and 2nd trimester was positively associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and DBP in the 2nd trimester. No significant relationships were observed among all the population or pregnant women with female fetuses. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to higher levels of MiBP may be related to increased blood pressure during pregnancy in pregnant women with male fetuses.

13.
Chem Asian J ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763760

RESUMO

Carbon dioxide (CO2, a common combustion pollutant) releasing continuously into the atmosphere is primarily responsible for the rising atmospheric temperature. Therefore, CO2 sequestration has been an indispensable area of research for the past several decades. On the other hand, the concept of aromaticity is often employed in designing chemical reactions and metal-free frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) have proved ideal reagents to achieve CO2 reduction. However, considering FLP and aromaticity together is less developed in CO2 capture. Here we report theoretical investigations on the aromaticity-promoted CO2 activation, involving heterocyclopentadiene-bridged P/N-FLPs. The calculations reveal that furan and pyrrole-bridged P/N-FLPs can make CO2 capture both thermodynamically and kinetically favorable (with activation energies of 5.4-7.7 kcal/mol, respectively) due to the aromatic stabilization of the transition states and products. Our findings could open an avenue to designing novel FLPs for CO2 capture .

14.
Environ Int ; 134: 105282, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have demonstrated that cadmium exposure induces alterations on immune function, but epidemiological evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure and cellular immune responses among pre-school children. METHODS: Pre-school aged children (n = 407) were followed from a prospective birth cohort study in Wuhan, China. Maternal urinary and children's plasma cadmium concentrations were measured as biomarkers of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure, respectively. Children's cellular immune responses were assessed by peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and plasma cytokines. Multivariable adjusted models were applied to estimate the associations of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines, and the effect modification by child gender were also examined. RESULTS: Maternal urinary cadmium was associated with reduced absolute counts of CD3+CD4+ cells (-12.45%; 95% CI: -23.74%, 0.40% for the highest vs. lowest quartile; p for trend = 0.045). Inverse associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were only observed among females (both p-interaction < 0.050); whereas an inverse association with absolute counts of CD3+CD8+ cells was only observed among males (p-interaction = 0.057). Positive associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells, interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-6 were only observed among females, although there were no significant interactions. We observed no clear associations of children's plasma cadmium with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines. CONCLUSION: Prenatal but not postnatal cadmium exposure was associated with sex-specific alterations on children's cellular immune responses.

15.
Environ Int ; 134: 105304, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) may cause some adverse effects on human health by mimicking estrogen activities. In vitro andanimalstudies have observed the non-monotonic associations between BPA and natural estrogens, but the evidence in human study is lacking, particularly at multiple points in time during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the relationships between BPA and estrogens in the three trimesters among Chinese pregnant women and their gender variations. METHODS: This study included 851 participants from a birth cohort conducted in Wuhan, China between 2014 and 2015. We measured concentrations of BPA and three estrogens (estrone (E1), 17ß-estradiol (E2) and estriol (E3)) in urine samples collected in the three trimesters of pregnancy (mean for each visit: 13.0, 23.6, and 35.9 weeks' gestation). We calculated the estimated daily intakes using urinary BPA concentrations and compared them with the tolerable intake value to assess potential health risks. We used multivariate linear regression models stratified by trimester and gender to explore trimester-specific and gender-specific associations of BPA with E1, E2, and E3. RESULTS: We found the decreased levels of estrogens (ß < 0, P < 0.05) in the upper BPA quartiles over three trimesters, except for the elevated levels of E3 (ß = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.38) in the highest BPA quartile in the 2nd trimester. There were significant non-linear associations (overall associations P < 0.05, non-linear associations P < 0.05) between BPA and E3 in the three trimesters. In the gender-stratified analysis, we observed significant negative relationships (ß < 0, P < 0.05) between BPA and E2 among mothers carrying male fetuses in the 1st trimester and significant associations between BPA and E3 among mothers carrying female fetuses in the 2nd trimester. However, we found no significant relationship between BPA and E2 among mothers carrying female fetuses over three trimesters. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support experimental evidence of non-monotonic relationships between BPA and three major estrogens, even at low doses of BPA. Mothers delivering male fetuses may be more sensitive to E2 at early pregnancy, and those delivering female fetuses may be more susceptive to E3 at mid-pregnancy.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747277

RESUMO

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has skyrocketed in the past decade to an unprecedented level due to their outstanding photoelectric properties and facile processability. However, the utilization of expensive hole transport materials (HTMs) and the inevitable instability instigated by the deliquescent dopants represent major concerns hindering further commercialization. Here, a series of low-cost, conjugated polymers are designed and applied as dopant-free HTMs in PSCs, featuring tuned energy levels, good temperature and humidity resistivity, and excellent photoelectric properties. Further studies highlight the critical and multifaceted roles of the polymers with respect to facilitating charge separation, passivating the surface trap sites of perovskite materials, and guaranteeing long-term stability of the devices. A stabilized power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 20.3% and remarkably enhanced device longevity are achieved using the dopant-free polymer P3 with a low concentration of 5 mg/mL, qualifying the device as one of the best PSC systems constructed on the basis of dopant-free HTMs so far. In addition, the flexible PSCs based on P3 also exhibit a PCE of 16.2%. This work demonstrates a promising route toward commercially viable, stable, and efficient PSCs.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 7586-7593, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750659

RESUMO

The zero-dimensional perovskites composed of isolated polyhedrons have unique and distinct physical properties compared with three-dimensional perovskites composed of interconnected polyhedrons. Here, we study the photodynamics of the zero-dimensional perovskite-like (C6H22N4Cl3)SnCl3 single crystals composed of isolated [SnCl3]- tetrahedrons. They exhibit red luminescence with huge Stokes shift (2.49 eV), large spectral broadening (416 meV), and long lifetime (6.9 µs). The experiments in conjunction with the ab initio calculations reveal the special roles of high- and low-frequency phonons in the photodynamics of the (C6H22N4Cl3)SnCl3 crystals. The resonance between the organic-cation-related high-frequency optical phonons and the singlet-to-triplet state transition induces strong intersystem crossing and resultant spin-forbidden luminescence. The strong electron-tetrahedron-related low-frequency optical-phonon coupling revealed by the low-temperature spectral characterization causes large spectral broadening. The strong lattice relaxation owing to localization of the electronic orbitals along with intersystem crossing accounts for the large Stokes shift.

18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 8218650, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772710

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder characterized by abnormal hormone levels in peripheral blood and poor-quality oocytes. PCOS is a pathophysiological syndrome caused by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of melatonin regulation on androgen production and antioxidative damage in granulosa cells from PCOS patients with hypoestrogenia and hyperandrogenia. Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes were collected from PCOS patients who had low levels of estrogen in follicular fluids. Results: Melatonin triggered upregulation of cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) expression via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway in luteinized granulosa cells. As a result, conversion of androgen to 17ß-estradiol was accelerated. We also found that melatonin significantly reduced the levels of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthetase and NO in luteinized granulosa cells. Levels of transcripts encoding NF-E2-related factor-2 and its downstream target heme oxygenase-1 were also increased, leading to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. We also found that melatonin could improve oocyte development potential. Conclusion: Our preliminary results showed that melatonin had a positive impact on oocyte quality in PCOS patients with hypoestrogenia and hyperandrogenia.

19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 9307256, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772715

RESUMO

Crystal-cell interactions are a vital step toward kidney stone formation. However, its mechanisms remained unclear. Here, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis of a kidney stone revealed that the proteins were enriched in a posttranslational protein modification process in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The in vitro study showed that the markers of ER stress, including Bip and CHOP, were upregulated, PERK and ATF6 were activated, and XBP-1 mRNA was spliced. An ER stress-specific protein, caspase-12, was activated in the apoptotic cells induced by calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals. The treatment with tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer, promoted the crystal-cell adhesion assayed by atomic absorption, reduced cell viability assayed by MTT, and downregulated the expression of proteins involved in the crystal formations. The treatment with salubrinal, an ER stress inhibitor, reversed the above effects for both tunicamycin and COM crystals. The aforementioned main observations were supported by in vivo study. These data demonstrated that ER stress was an essentially biological process of crystal-cell interactions. Our findings suggest that blocking ER stress may become a potential approach to preventing a kidney stone.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779104

RESUMO

Background: Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease, with the acceleration of the aging process in China, it has troubled the middle-aged and elderly. There have been some epidemiological studies of osteoarthritis conducted in one single site, and most of them were on knee osteoarthritis. The results varied greatly between different surveys. There was still a lack of large-scale and multicenter epidemiological studies of osteoarthritis. This paper aimed to estimate the overall prevalence of lumbar osteoarthritis, cervical osteoarthritis, hand osteoarthritis, knee osteoarthritis, and hip osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly in China by summarizing the existing publications. Methods: We comprehensively searched publications on 1 January 2019 in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNNI, VIP, and Wan Fang. Epidemiological publications on osteoarthritis in the middle-aged and elderly Chinese published from 2000 to 2018 were summarized and analyzed by means of systematic review and meta-analysis. Data of prevalence of osteoarthritis in five joints were extracted from the included publications. The Hoy 2012 tool was used to assess the risk of bias of included studies. Results: After performing a systematic search in eight databases and manually searching, 3058 articles were obtained, and 21 articles were included in the meta-analysis. Lumbar osteoarthritis was the most prevalent with a prevalence of 25.03% (95% CI: 0.1444-0.3562). The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis followed, which was 21.51% (95% CI: 0.1873-0.2429). The prevalence of cervical osteoarthritis was 20.46% (95% CI: 0.1244-0.2849). The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis was 8.99% (95% CI: 0.0435-0.1364). The prevalence of hip osteoarthritis was not pooled due to its lack of data. Higher prevalence of knee, hand, lumbar, and cervical osteoarthritis was seen in the female group and southern regions. The prevalence of knee and hand osteoarthritis increased with age. The prevalence of lumbar and cervical osteoarthritis increased with age. There was also a trend that the prevalence increased with age before 70 years old and slightly decreased in the oldest ages. Conclusions: The lumbar joint was the joint most prevalently affected by osteoarthritis, followed by the prevalence of knee, cervical, hand, and hip joint osteoarthritis. Women, the southern population, and the older population are more susceptible to osteoarthritis. The paucity of epidemiology data of osteoarthritis in China appeals for more population-based surveys being conducted in the future. Based on the relatively high prevalence of osteoarthritis obtained from this review, self-management and community-based management should be considered, which can provide experience from the management of hypertensions and diabetes.

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