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1.
J Food Biochem ; : e13174, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150644

RESUMO

Hongjv peel (HP), a spice rich in polyphenols, is generally dried for its preservation. Hot air drying (HAD) at 50°C, 60°C, 70°C, and 80°C was performed in this study to dehydrate HP and it was found that the drying rate increased in line with the increase of HAD temperature. Absorbance analysis showed that HAD induced significant decreases in the total polyphenol content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity of HP. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis found 18 phytochemicals in the HP, including 11 flavonoids, 6 phenolic acids, and 1 triterpenoid, while multivariate analysis revealed that chlorogenic acid, hesperidin, naringenin, and phloretin in the HP were influenced mainly by HAD. HAD-induced degradations were non-spontaneous, endothermic reactions, consistent with the first-order reaction kinetics. In addition, the results suggest that HAD is more likely to degrade polyphenols that include an ester bond or glucoside. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Among the various methods of preservation used to process spices, HAD is still the most effective. The polyphenol of HP possesses numerous health benefits, including being anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiproliferative, and other qualities. This study provides a method through which to obtain insight into the effects of HAD on polyphenols in food, and indicates potential targets to increase the polyphenol content in HP.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180347

RESUMO

This study investigated the diagnostic value of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) contents of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B and HLA-DQB1 in anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADLI). In total, 110 ADLI patients and 120 patients without ADLI controls were enrolled. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the 5-mC and 5-hmC content in DNA from peripheral blood leucocytes. The univariate analysis showed that smoking, drinking, and 5-mC and 5-hmC content of HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 were significantly associated with ADLI. After adjusting for drinking and smoking, we found that 5-mC content of HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 were associated with ADLI (odds ratio [OR] = 0.251 and 0.347, respectively) and 5-hmC contents of HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 were also associated with ADLI (OR = 1.848 and 4.705, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that the 5-hmC contents of both HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 were more clinically significant than the 5-mC contents were. The combined 5-hmC level of HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 was the best diagnostic biomarker for ADLI, with the highest areas under the curve (AUC) for 0.953, sensitivity for 0.900 and specificity for 0.875. Therefore, combined 5-hmC levels of HLA-B and HLA-DQB1 could be significant evidence for diagnosis of ADLI.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030388

RESUMO

In this study, Ca4La6-xNdx(SiO4)4(PO4)2O2 (x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6) apatites were explored for nuclear waste immobilization, and Nd3+ ions were used as the surrogate of radionuclides (such as Am3+, Cm3+, and Pu3+). The synthesized samples conform to the P63/m (176) symmetry in the hexagonal system according to the characterizations by means of X-ray diffraction, Raman spectra, and Fourier-transform infrared spectra. Rietveld analyses indicate that both Ca2+ and Ln3+ (La, Nd) cations are located at the M4f and M6h sites, which is different from earlier studies. The M6h sites prefer to be occupied by Ln3+ (La, Nd) cations with higher valence. Besides, the content of the impurity phase Ca3(PO4)2 reduces from 2.815 wt% to 0 with the incorporation of Nd3+ ions. These results demonstrate that apatites possess excellent ability to accommodate radionuclides with various valences and radii at the M4f and M6h sites. Moreover, we investigated the thermal expansion behavior by high-temperature X-ray diffraction. There is no phase transformation in the range of 298-1173 K, and the Ca4La6-xNdx(SiO4)4(PO4)2O2 apatites exhibit lower thermal expansion coefficients than other candidates that have been extensively studied. Furthermore, the thermal expansion coefficient gradually decreases with the accommodation of Nd3+ ions. All the results suggest that apatites are promising candidates for nuclear waste immobilization.

4.
Plant Sci ; 293: 110407, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081257

RESUMO

Leaf color mutants are an ideal tool to study chlorophyll biosynthesis, chloroplast development and photosynthesis. In this study, we identified an EMS-induced yellow young leaf mutant C777. The mutant exhibited yellow cotyledons and emerging true leaves with stay-green dots that turn green gradually with leaf growth. Segregation analysis in several populations indicated that the mutant C777 was controlled by a recessive gene yyl-1. Fine mapping delimited the yyl-1 locus to a 45.3 kb region harboring 8 putative genes, but only one SNP (G to A) was identified between C777 and its wild-type parental line in this region which occurred in the 13th exon of CsHD that encodes a histidine and aspartic acid (HD) domain containing protein. This nonsense mutation introduced a stop codon and thus a premature protein. Uniqueness of this mutant allele was verified in 515 cucumber lines. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed significantly reduced expression of CsHD gene in the mutant. Further, silencing the NbHD gene by VIGS in tobacco resulted in virescent young leaves and significantly down-regulated expression of HD gene. These results strongly supported the association of the CsHD gene with the virescent young leaf phenotype in C777. This is the first report to clone and characterize the CsHD gene in the horticultural crops. The results may help understand the functions of the HD gene in chloroplast development and chlorophyll biosynthesis in plants.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081429

RESUMO

Alzheimer disease (AD), which poses a serious challenge in aging societies, still lacks effective treatments to reverse its progression, and thus, has been a major focus of research for decades. There are several risk factors associated with the etiology of AD. To further identify potential new factors involved in AD pathogenesis, a forward genetic screening method using transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans CL4176 exposed to different temperatures was employed to screen mutant worms resistant to ß-amyloid toxicity. After transcriptome sequencing, and analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism variations by RNA-Seq and DNA-Seq, it is suggested that a novel gene hmgs-1 is involved in AD pathogenesis. We verified its involvement again by the phenotype of gene knockdown mutant and the rescue effect of complementing hmgs-1. Our study provides a workable screening method for new gene mutations and a potential target of hmgs-1 in the AD pathogenesis.

6.
Genes Genomics ; 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) remains a large burden in the developing countries. The tumor inhibitory role of miR-873 has been verified in a variety of cancers, however, whether miR-873 has a suppressive effect on CC remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional role of miR-873 in CC, as well as explore the underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: The prognostic values of miR-873 were assessed by Kaplan-Meier methods and cox regression models using the data which were downloaded from TCGA database. The expression of miR-873 was measured by RT-qPCR. Cell counting Kit-8, clone formation, and Transwell assays were used to assess the cell viability and metastasis, appropriately. The targeting relationship between miR-873 and ULBP2 was predicted by biological software and confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. Rescue assays were conducted to investigate whether miR-873 affects the phenotype of CC cells via regulating ULBP2. RESULTS: We observed that miR-873 was low-expressed in CC. Up-regulation of miR-873 notably restrained the proliferation, invasion and migration of C33a cells. Meanwhile, down-regulation of miR-873 in SiHa cells presented the opposite outcomes. ULBP2 was forecasted and certified as a target of miR-873. The results of rescue assays showed that overexpression of ULBP2 could restore the proliferation and motility of CC cells that inhibited by miR-873. CONCLUSION: MiR-873 suppressed the CC cells proliferation, invasion and migration via negatively regulating ULBP2, suggesting that miR-873 could serve as a valuable therapeutic target for CC therapy.

7.
Cell Commun Signal ; 18(1): 4, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910866

RESUMO

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that they would like to correct the second last sentence of "Authors' information" section as PW is an undergraduate, but was incorrectly described as a Ph.D. in the sentence. The sentence should read "PW is an undergraduate. YZ, YX, WX, HG, FD and YL are Ph.D.". The authors sincerely apologize for having this unintentional error in the article, and apologize for any inconvenience caused.

8.
J Periodontal Res ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Excessive osteoclast activity is a major characteristic of pathogenic bone loss in inflammatory bone diseases including periodontitis. However, beyond the knowledge that osteoclasts are differentiated from the monocyte/macrophage lineage and share common ancestry with macrophages and DC, the nature and function of osteoclast precursors are not completely understood. Furthermore, little is known about how osteoclast precursors respond to bacterial infection in vivo. We have previously demonstrated in vitro that the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) plays a biphasic role on the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation. In this study, we investigated the in vivo effect of Pg infection on the regulation of osteoclast precursors, using a mouse calvarial infection model. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 wild-type and the myeloid differentiation factor 88 knockout (MyD88-/- ) mice were infected with Pg by calvarial injection. Local and systemic bone loss, and the number and function of CD11b+ c-fms+ cells from bone marrow and spleen were analyzed. Our results show that Pg infection induces localized inflammatory infiltration and osteoclastogenesis, as well as increased number and osteoclastogenic potential of CD11b+ c-fms+ osteoclast precursors in the bone marrow and periphery. We also show that CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK+ and CD11b+ c-fms+ RANK- are precursors with similar osteoclastogenic and pro-inflammatory potentials. In addition, CD11b+ c-fms+ cells exhibit an antigen-specific T-cell immune-suppressive activity, which are increased with Pg infection. Moreover, we demonstrate that MyD88 is involved in the regulation of osteoclast precursors upon Pg infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate an enhanced dual function of osteoclast precursors following calvarial Pg infection. Based on our findings, we propose the following model: Pg infection increases a pool of precursor cells that can be shunted toward osteoclast formation at the infection/inflammation sites, while at the same time dampening host immune responses, which is beneficial for the persistence of infection and maintenance of the characteristic chronic nature of periodontitis. Understanding the nature, function, and regulation of osteoclast precursors will be helpful for identifying therapeutic interventions to aid in the control and prevention of inflammatory bone loss diseases including periodontitis.

9.
Cancer Med ; 9(1): 151-159, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1) is a neuroprotective glycosphingolipid that repairs nerves. Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is neurotoxic. This study assessed the efficacy of GM1 for preventing oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (OIPN) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients receiving oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: In total, 196 patients with stage II/III CRC undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy with mFOLFOX6 were randomly assigned to intravenous GM1 or a placebo. The primary endpoint was the rate of grade 2 or worse cumulative neurotoxicity (NCI-CTCAE). The secondary endpoints were chronic cumulative neurotoxicity (EORTC QLQ-CIPN20), time to grade 2 neurotoxicity (NCI-CTCAE or the oxaliplatin-specific neuropathy scale), acute neurotoxicity (analog scale), rates of dose reduction or withdrawal due to OIPN, 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and adverse events. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the arms in the rate of NCI-CTCAE grade 2 or worse neurotoxicity (GM1: 33.7% vs placebo: 31.6%; P = .76) or neuropathy measured by the EORTC QLQ-CIPN20 or time to grade 2 neurotoxicity using NCI-CTCAE and the oxaliplatin-specific neuropathy scale. GM1 substantially decreased participant-reported acute neurotoxicity (sensitivity to cold items [P < .01], discomfort swallowing cold liquids [P < .01], throat discomfort [P < .01], muscle cramps [P < .01]). The rates of dose reduction or withdrawal were not significantly different between the arms (P = .08). The 3-year DFS rates were 85% and 83% in the GM1 and placebo arms, respectively (P = .19). There were no differences in toxicity between the arms. CONCLUSION: Patients receiving GM1 were less troubled by the symptoms of acute neuropathy. However, we do not support the use of GM1 to prevent cumulative neurotoxicity. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02251977).

10.
Pest Manag Sci ; 76(4): 1588-1595, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The immunity of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycle) to insect defoliator outbreaks differs between on-years to off-years; however, the underlying genetic mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, the genetic relationships of functional genes conferring pest resistance were investigated. RESULTS: PhJAZ1 (Phyllostachys heterocycla JASMONATE ZIM-domain protein 1) exhibited the highest enrichment and was expressed at higher levels in the leaves of on-year bamboo plants compared with off-year, whereas the expression of PhSPL17 (Phyllostachys heterocycla SQUAMOSA Promoter binding protein-Like 17) showed the reverse pattern. The expression pattern of PhJAZ1 differed in on- and off-year bamboo (i.e., decreasing in the off-year with no obvious change in the on-year) after feeding by Pantana phyllostachysae (lepidopteran caterpillar of moso bamboo). Due to the lack of a genetic transformation system, the model plant Arabidopsis was used for the investigation of the genetic relationships between PhJAZ1 and PhSPL17. Overexpression of the PhJAZ1 protein in Arabidopsis showed a negative impact on the survival ratio and weight of third-instar Helicoverpa armigera (Arabidopsis leaf-feeding lepidopteran caterpillar). Transcriptional suppression of PhJAZ1 by PhSPL17 was observed, which was able to reveal the reverse expression pattern of PhJAZ1 and PhSPL17. CONCLUSION: Together, these results suggest that on- and off-years (leaf age) regulate the expression of PhSPL17, which negatively regulates the expression of PhJAZ1 to generate differential response to Jasmonate. This study is the first to detail the genetic connection between leaf age and Jasmonate response in moso bamboo and provides a foundation for further pest control via the genetic breeding of moso bamboo. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

11.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 91(1): 41-51, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We developed a system for computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) for real-time automated diagnosis of precancerous lesions and early esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) to assist the diagnosis of esophageal cancer. METHODS: A total of 6473 narrow-band imaging (NBI) images, including precancerous lesions, early ESCCs, and noncancerous lesions, were used to train the CAD system. We validated the CAD system using both endoscopic images and video datasets. The receiver operating characteristic curve of the CAD system was generated based on image datasets. An artificial intelligence probability heat map was generated for each input of endoscopic images. The yellow color indicated high possibility of cancerous lesion, and the blue color indicated noncancerous lesions on the probability heat map. When the CAD system detected any precancerous lesion or early ESCCs, the lesion of interest was masked with color. RESULTS: The image datasets contained 1480 malignant NBI images from 59 consecutive cancerous cases (sensitivity, 98.04%) and 5191 noncancerous NBI images from 2004 cases (specificity, 95.03%). The area under curve was 0.989. The video datasets of precancerous lesions or early ESCCs included 27 nonmagnifying videos (per-frame sensitivity 60.8%, per-lesion sensitivity, 100%) and 20 magnifying videos (per-frame sensitivity 96.1%, per-lesion sensitivity, 100%). Unaltered full-range normal esophagus videos included 33 videos (per-frame specificity 99.9%, per-case specificity, 90.9%). CONCLUSIONS: A deep learning model demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for both endoscopic images and video datasets. The real-time CAD system has a promising potential in the near future to assist endoscopists in diagnosing precancerous lesions and ESCCs.

12.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 272-280, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162842

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinomas (EBVaGCs) may account for 8-9% of all gastric cancer (GC) patients. All previous reports on EBVaGC were retrospective. Prospective study is warranted to evaluate the exact role of EBV status in predicting the prognosis of GC. It is of special interest to figure out whether dynamic detection of plasma EBV-DNA load could be a feasible biomarker for the monitor of EBVaGC. From October 2014 to September 2017, we consecutively collected GC patients (n = 2,760) from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center for EBER examination. We detected EBV-DNA load in plasma and tissue samples of EBVaGC patients at baseline. Subsequently, plasma EBV-DNA load was dynamically monitored in EBVaGC patients. The overall prevalence of EBVaGC is 5.1% (140/2,760). The incidence rate of EBVaGC decreased with advanced AJCC 7th TNM stage (p < 0.001), with the corresponding percentages of 9.3, 9.9, 6.7 and 1.4% for Stage I, II, III and IV patients. EBVaGC patients were predominately young males with better histologic differentiation and earlier TNM stage than EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) patients. EBVaGC patients were confirmed to had a favorable 3-year survival rate (EBVaGC vs. EBVnGC: 76.8% vs. 58.2%, p = 0.0001). Though only 52.1% (73/140) EBVaGC patients gained detectable EBV-DNA and 43.6% (61/140) reached a positive cutoff of 100 copies/ml, we found the plasma EBV-DNA load in EBVaGC decreased when patients got response, while it increased when disease progressed. Our results suggested that plasma EBV-DNA is a good marker in predicting recurrence and chemotherapy response for EBVaGC patients.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/sangue , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias Gástricas/virologia , Carga Viral , Idoso , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Drug Deliv ; 27(1): 1-14, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818156

RESUMO

Inspired by the fact that leukocytes have innate phagocytic functions and oriented migration capabilities in response to chemoattractants, we have unveiled that endogenous neutrophils as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of nanoparticles in an "in vivo self-armed assembly" manner. Neutrophils were the main population to preferentially sequester the intravenous administrated nanoparticles with an average size of 260 nm. The pre-implantation of CXCL1-laden hydrogels could trigger and induce a targeted signal to attract an influx of neutrophils carrying the therapeutic goods to the desired position. In mouse models of melanoma, the combinatorial regimen of using the PLGA nanoparticles with the CXCL1 hydrogels exhibited superior tumor inhibition capability. This work leveraged the natural phagocytosis of neutrophile and the chemotactic effect of chemokines for targeted delivery. We believe this strategy will improve the therapeutic efficiency of nanoparticle-based delivery systems, especially when the chemokines are implanted at sites of surgical tumor removal, during cancer treatment at the clinic.

14.
Int Heart J ; 61(1): 109-114, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875617

RESUMO

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) have been reported to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, whether the combination of these two markers can improve the prediction of CVD is unknown.A total of 1,921 participants without CVD, aged 40 years or older, were enrolled from 2010 to 2011. Plasma Lp-PLA2 and hs-CRP were measured at baseline. Participants were subsequently followed until December 2015. We identified a total of 148 cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, and all-cause death). Cox proportional-hazard models were used to determine the association between two independent markers and cardiovascular outcomes. The C statistic, Net Reclassification Improvement (NRI), and Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI) were used to determine the utility of the two markers in predicting cardiovascular risk.After adjustment for potential confounders, compared with the first quartile, hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for the third and fourth quartiles for Lp-PLA2 were 2.09 (1.17-3.73) and 2.62 (1.48-4.67), respectively, and HRs with 95%CI for the fourth quartile for hs-CRP was 1.78 (1.08-4.67). Compared with conventional risk factors, the combination of hs-CRP and Lp-PLA2 provided greater incremental information, and the C statistic increased by 0.013. The NRI and IDI were also statistically significant for cardiovascular events (P = 0.004 and P < 0.001, respectively).Hs-CRP and Lp-PLA2 have complementary effects in predicting cardiovascular outcomes in adults aged 40 years or older.


Assuntos
1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterase/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Vida Independente , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
15.
Dev Dyn ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraflagellar transport is a motor-driven trafficking system that is required for the formation of cilia. Intraflagellar transport protein 20 (IFT20) is a master regulator for the control of spermatogenesis and male fertility in mice. However, the mechanism of how IFT20 regulates spermatogenesis is unknown. RESULTS: Spermatogenesis associated 1 (SPATA1) was identified to be a major potential binding partner of IFT20 by a yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between SPATA1 and IFT20 was examined by direct yeast two-hybrid, co-localization, and co-immunoprecipitation assays. SPATA1 is highly abundant in the mouse testis, and is also expressed in the heart and kidney. During the first wave of spermatogenesis, SPATA1 is detectable at postnatal day 24 and its expression is increased at day 30 and 35. Immunofluorescence staining of mouse testis sections and epididymal sperm demonstrated that SPATA1 is localized mainly in the acrosome of developing spermatids but not in epididymal sperm. IFT20 is also present in the acrosome area of round spermatids. In conditional Ift20 knockout mice, testicular expression level and acrosomal localization of SPATA1 are not changed. CONCLUSIONS: SPATA1 is an IFT20 binding protein and may provide a docking site for IFT20 complex binding to the acrosome area.

16.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 3755-3763, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819557

RESUMO

Background: The World Health Organization states that China had 0.9 million cases of tuberculosis in 2017, accounting for 9% of cases globally. Despite a decrease in the incidence and mortality of tuberculosis in China over time, development in choosing the appropriate prevention and control of TB is required. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic significance of interleukin-27 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids for pulmonary tuberculosis. Materials and methods: Eventually, 107 bronchoalveolar lavage fluids from patients were included in this study. The concentrations of interleukin-27 and adenosine deaminase were determined in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: It was found that the concentrations of interleukin-27 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of sputum-positive pulmonary tuberculosis group were significantly higher than those in sputum-negative pulmonary tuberculosis, lung cancer, and previous pulmonary tuberculosis groups, respectively (all P<0.001). Interleukin-27 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids could be used for diagnostic purpose for pulmonary tuberculosis, with the cutoff value of 7.867 pg/mL; interleukin-27 had a sensitivity of 68.8% and specificity of 100% for the differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (sputum-negative and sputum-positive PTB) from lung cancer. And with the cutoff value of 6.012 pg/mL, IL-27 had sensitivity and specificity of both 100% for the differential diagnosis of PTB from previous PTB. The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis was positively associated with the concentrations of interleukin-27 and adenosine deaminase in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids. Conclusion: Interleukin-27 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids is a sensitive and specific biomarker for the differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis from lung cancer and previous pulmonary tuberculosis.

17.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanistic basis for the attenuation of bone degeneration by edible bird's nest (EBN) in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Forty-two female Sprage-Dawley rats were randomized into 7 groups (6 in each group). The ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX + 6%, 3%, and 1.5% EBN and OVX +estrogen groups were given standard rat chow alone, standard rat chow +6%, 3%, and 1.5% EBN, or standard rat chow +estrogen therapy (0.2mg/kg per day), respectively. The sham-operation group was surgically opened without removing the ovaries. The control group did not have any surgical intervention. After 12 weeks of intervention, blood samples were taken for serum estrogen, osteocalcin, and osteoprotegerin, as well as the measurement of magnesium, calcium abd zinc concentrations. While femurs were removed from the surrounding muscles to measure bone mass density using the X-ray edge detection technique, then collected for histology and estrogen receptor (ER) immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Ovariectomy altered serum estrogen levels resulting in increased food intake and weight gain, while estrogen and EBN supplementation attenuated these changes. Ovariectomy also reduced bone ER expression and density, and the production of osteopcalcin and osteorotegerin, which are important pro-osteoplastic hormones that promote bone mineraliztion and density. Conversely, estrogen and EBN increased serum estrogen levels leading to increased bone ER expression, pro-osteoplastic hormone production and bone density (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EBN could be used as a safe alternative to hormone replacement therapys for managing menopausal complications like bone degeneration.

18.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(6): 5190-5196, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702807

RESUMO

Microglia were once thought to serve a pathogenic role in demyelinating diseases, particularly in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it has recently been shown that in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of MS, microglia could serve a protective role by promoting remyelination via the efficient removal of apoptotic cells, the phagocytosis of debris and the support of myelinating oligodendrocytes. The aim of the present study was to determine if the effect of microglia could promote the recovery of EAE and attenuate symptoms in EAE. The severity of EAE was assessed by clinical scores, pathologic changes revealed by luxol fast blue staining and immunohistochemical techniques. The results suggested that microglia reduced clinical scores in mice, suppressed ongoing severe EAE and promoted remyelination and recovery in EAE mice. In addition, following induction with tuftsin, the M1/M2 cytokine balance was shifted, downregulating the proinflammatory M1 response and upregulating the anti­inflammatory M2 response. Generally, microglia can stimulate remyelination, which serves a protective role in different phases of EAE and may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of MS.

20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5420, 2019 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780658

RESUMO

Compared to nanomaterials exposing nonpolar facets, polar-faceted nanocrystals often exhibit unexpected and interesting properties. The electrostatic instability arising from the intrinsic dipole moments of polar facets, however, leads to different surface configurations in many cases, making it challenging to extract detailed structural information and develop structure-property relations. The widely used electron microscopy techniques are limited because the volumes sampled may not be representative, and they provide little chemical bonding information with low contrast of light elements. With ceria nanocubes exposing (100) facets as an example, here we show that the polar surface structure of oxide nanocrystals can be investigated by applying 17O and 1H solid-state NMR spectroscopy and dynamic nuclear polarization, combined with DFT calculations. Both CeO4-termination reconstructions and hydroxyls are present for surface polarity compensation and their concentrations can be quantified. These results open up new possibilities for investigating the structure and properties of oxide nanostructures with polar facets.

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