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1.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482528

RESUMO

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are a type of adult stem cells that originate from the mesoderm and have important roles in the body because of their self-renewal and multidirectional differentiation potential. Now it has been proved that BMSCs are closely related to the development of osteoporosis (OP). There is growing evidence that lncRNAs are involved in regulating the pyroptosis of BMSCs. And advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been recognized as NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activators. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of lncRNA ORLNC1 (NONMMUT016106.2) on the pyroptosis of BMSCs under CML (Nε-(carboxymethyl) lysine, the most common AGEs) treatment and its specific molecular mechanisms. Our study revealed that CML treatment promoted pyroptosis of BMSCs and upregulated ORLNC1 expression. As a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) of miR-200b-3p, the level of ORLNC1 was negatively correlated with miR-200b-3p. Foxo3 was a target of miR-200b-3p and ORLNC1 promoted BMSCs pyroptosis induced by CML through targeting miR-200b-3p/Foxo3 pathway.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9965737, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471470

RESUMO

Low back pain (LBP) is the primary cause of disability globally. There is a close relationship between Modic changes or endplate defects and LBP. Endplates undergo ossification and become highly porous during intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. In our study, we used a mouse model of vertebral endplate degeneration by lumbar spine instability (LSI) surgery. Safranin O and fast green staining and µCT scan showed that LSI surgery led to endplate ossification and porosity, but the endplates in the sham group were cartilaginous and homogenous. Immunofluorescent staining demonstrated the innervation of calcitonin gene-related peptide- (CGRP-) positive nerve fibers in the porous endplate of LSI mice. Behavior test experiments showed an increased spinal hypersensitivity in LSI mice. Moreover, we found an increased cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) expression and an elevated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentration in the porous endplate of LSI mice. Immunofluorescent staining showed the colocalization of E-prostanoid 4 (EP4)/transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and CGRP in the nerve endings in the endplate and in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, and western blotting analysis demonstrated that EP4 and TRPV1 expression significantly increased in the LSI group. Our patch clamp study further showed that LSI surgery significantly enhanced the current density of the TRPV1 channel in small-size DRG neurons. A selective EP4 receptor antagonist, L161982, reduced the spinal hypersensitivity of LSI mice by blocking the PGE2/EP4 pathway. In addition, TRPV1 current and neuronal excitability in DRG neurons were also significantly decreased by L161982 treatment. In summary, the PGE2/EP4 pathway in the porous endplate could activate the TRPV1 channel in DRG neurons to cause spinal hypersensitivity in LSI mice. L161982, a selective EP4 receptor antagonist, could turn down the TRPV1 current and decrease the neuronal excitability of DRG neurons to reduce spinal pain.

3.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480695

RESUMO

Mitochondria, double-membrane organelles, are known to participate in a variety of metabolic and signal transduction pathways. The intermembrane space (IMS) of mitochondria is proposed to subject to multiple damages emanating from the respiratory chain. The optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), an important protein for mitochondrial fusion, is cleaved into soluble short-form (S-OPA1) under stresses. Here we report that S-OPA1 could function as a molecular chaperone in IMS. We purified the S-OPA1 (amino acid sequence after OPA1 isoform 5 S1 site) protein and showed it protected substrate proteins from thermally and chemically induced aggregation and strengthened the thermotolerance of Escherichia coli (E. coli). We also showed that S-OPA1 conferred thermotolerance on IMS proteins, e.g., neurolysin. The chaperone activity of S-OPA1 may be required for maintaining IMS homeostasis in mitochondria.

4.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 486, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Green tea has been one of the most popular beverages in China since ancient times. Mixed results concerning the effect of green tea consumption on the incidence of hypertension have been published over the past decades. However, no previous studies have focused on longevous individuals in China and the sex differences in the association between habitual green tea intake and hypertension. METHODS: The data extracted from the database of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2018 were used for a secondary analysis. Logistic regression models were employed to examine the odds ratio (OR) of daily green tea consumption on the incidence of hypertension by sex. RESULTS: A total of 9277 individuals were included in the analysis (39.8% were men). The included individuals had a mean age of 80.9 and 84.8 years for those who drank green tea daily and those who had never, respectively (p <  0.001). The incidence of hypertension varied at baseline according to green tea drinking habit and sex. For women who had a habitual green tea intake or had never drunk green tea, the incidence of hypertension was 47.3 and 43.9%, respectively (p = 0.241), whereas it was 51.6 and 39.7% for men (p <  0.001). After adjusting for potential confounders, a 38% increase in the risk of hypertension was observed in men who consumed green tea daily (OR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.15-1.67; p <  0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chinese longevous men had a 38% higher risk of developing hypertension when drinking green tea daily. However, no effect of green tea consumption on the incidence of hypertension in women was found. More attention should be paid to the lifestyle of longevous individuals for health promotion, and a sex-specific approach to deliver care for very elderly people is warranted.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Chá , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Caracteres Sexuais
5.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 179, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535161

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of the study was to assess the uterus motions and bladder volume changes of fractional movements in cervical sites throughout the external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) treatment. MATERIALS/METHODS: A prospective online MR imaging tracking study was conducted in EBRT 43 patients with at least 4 scans during each treatment (before: ultrasound scan, MRI scan, CBCT scan, after: MRI scan) were included. In order to improve the treatment repeatability, each patient was instructed to empty the bladder and drink 500 ml water 1 h before CT simulation and each treatment. If the ultrasound scan result reached the CT simulation volume of bladder, the treatment began. Bladder was outlined on the T2 weighted axial sequence and CBCT image by the two observers to avoid the influence of contouring. The data of bladder volume and scanning time were accurately recorded. The bladder volumes, filling rates and uterus motion were retrospectively analyzed by MIM software. RESULTS: Inter-fraction variation of the bladder volume was significant (p < 0.0001). Intra-fraction mean increase of the bladder volume was modest (30 cc) but significant (p < 0.001). Both inter- and intra-fraction of the uterus motion were significant. The average time between the pre-and post-fraction MRI scans was 27.82 ± 7.12 min (range 10-55 min) for IMRT plans and 24.14 ± 5.86 min (range7-38 min) for VMAT plan. Average bladder filling rate was 3.43 ml/min. The bladder filling rate did not change significantly with the course of treatment, but the bladder was more intolerant. CONCLUSION: This is the most detailed assessment of intra-fraction and inter-fraction motion during EBRT for cervical cancer. Finally, this study will inform appropriate treatment margins for online adaptive radiotherapy. We suggest that at least one image scan is needed before the EBRT. The portable US scanner provides a quick but unreliable measurement of the bladder volume. There is a significant statistical difference between the results of ultrasonic scanning and that of image scanning.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 680328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295306

RESUMO

Bone regeneration is a complex process that requires the coordination of osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. The balance between osteogenesis and adipogenesis of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a major role in the process of bone formation. Recently, intercellular communication between bone cells and surrounding cells has been gradually recognized, and macrophages on the surface of bone have been proven to regulate bone metabolism. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Recent studies have indicated that exosomes are vital messengers for cell-cell communication in various biological processes. In this experiment, we found that exosomes derived from M2 macrophages (M2D-Exos) could inhibit adipogenesis and promote osteogenesis of BMSCs. M2D-Exo intervention increased the expression of miR-690, IRS-1, and TAZ in BMSCs. Additionally, miR-690 knockdown in M2 macrophages with a miR-690 inhibitor partially counteracted the effect of M2D-Exos on BMSC differentiation and the upregulation of IRS-1 and TAZ expression. Taken together, the results of our study indicate that exosomes isolated from M2 macrophages could facilitate osteogenesis and reduce adipogenesis through the miR-690/IRS-1/TAZ axis and might be a therapeutic tool for bone loss diseases.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 656641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34177801

RESUMO

Objective: A low concentration of plasma triiodothyronine (T3) indicates euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS), which could be associated with a poor outcome in patients in intensive care units (ICUs). This study evaluated the relationship between ESS and prognostic indicators in patients admitted to an ICU and examined the free T3 (FT3) cut-off points that could be associated with 28-day mortality. Methods: This prospective observational study included patients admitted to the ICU of The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University between February and November 2018. Baseline variables and data on the occurrence of low FT3 were collected. The patients were divided into ESS (FT3 < 3.28 pmol/L) and non-ESS groups. The relationship between ESS and prognostic indicators in patients admitted to the ICU was evaluated, and the FT3 cut-off points that could be associated with 28-day mortality were examined. Results: Out of a total of 305 patients, 118 (38.7%) were in the ESS group. Levels of FT3 (P < 0.001) and FT4 (P = 0.001) were lower, while the 28-day mortality rate (P < 0.001) and hospitalization expenses in the ICU (P = 0.001) were higher in the ESS group. A univariable analysis identified ESS, FT3, free thyroxine (FT4)/FT3, the APACHE II score, the sequential organ failure (SOFA) score, the duration of mechanical ventilation, creatinine (CREA) levels, the oxygenation index (HGB), white blood cells, albumin (ALB) levels, age, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels as factors associated with 28-day mortality (all P < 0.05). The cut-off value of FT3 for 28-day mortality was 2.88 pmol/L, and the 28-day mortality rate and hospitalization expenses in the ICU were higher in patients with ESS. The syndrome was confirmed to be independently associated with 28-day mortality. Conclusion: This study determined the incidence of ESS in the comprehensive ICU to be 38.7%. APACHE II, SOFA, BNP, APTT, HGB, PLT, CREA, ALB, FT4, SBP, and DBP are closely related to ESS, while BNP, PLT, and ALB are independent risk factors for the syndrome.

8.
J Vis Exp ; (171)2021 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057443

RESUMO

A single cardiomyocyte is a vital tool in the cellular and subcellular level studies of cardiac biology and diseases as a fundamental unit of contraction and electrical activity. Hence, isolating viable, high-quality cardiomyocytes from the heart is the initial and most crucial experimental step. Comparing the various protocols for isolating the cardiomyocytes of adult mice, the Langendorff retrograde perfusion is the most successful and reproducible method reported in the literature, especially for isolating ventricular myocytes. However, isolating quality atrial myocytes from the perfused heart remains challenging, and few successful isolation reports are available. Solving this complicated problem is extremely important because apart from ventricular disease, atrial disease accounts for a large part of heart diseases. Therefore, further investigations on the cellular level to reveal the mechanisms are warranted. In this paper, a protocol based on the Langendorff retrograde perfusion method is introduced and some modifications in the depth of aorta cannulation and the steps that may affect the digestion process to isolate atrial and ventricular myocytes were simultaneously made. Moreover, the isolated cardiomyocytes are confirmed to be amenable to patch clamp investigation.


Assuntos
Átrios do Coração , Ventrículos do Coração , Miócitos Cardíacos , Animais , Separação Celular , Camundongos , Perfusão
9.
Diabetes Care ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mulberry twig alkaloids (Sangzhi alkaloids [SZ-A]) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, and parallel controlled noninferiority clinical trial that was conducted for 24 weeks. A total of 600 patients were randomly allocated to the SZ-A group (n = 360) or acarbose group (n = 240). The primary efficacy end point was the change of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) compared with baseline. In addition, adverse events (AEs), severe AEs (SAEs), treatment-related AEs (TAEs), and gastrointestinal disorders (GDs) were monitored. RESULTS: After treatment for 24 weeks, the change in HbA1c was -0.93% (95% CI -1.03 to -0.83) (-10.2 mmol/mol [-11.3 to -9.1]) and -0.87% (-0.99 to -0.76) (-9.5 mmol/mol [-10.8 to -8.3]) in the SZ-A and acarbose groups, respectively, and the least squares mean difference was -0.05% (95% CI -0.18 to 0.07) (-0.5 mmol/mol [-2.0 to 0.8]) between the two groups, with no significant difference on the basis of covariance analysis (P > 0.05). The incidence of TAEs and GDs was significantly lower in the SZ-A group than the acarbose group (P < 0.01), but no differences for AEs or SAEs between the two groups were observed (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SZ-A exhibited equivalent hypoglycemic effects to acarbose in patients with T2D. Nevertheless, the incidence of TAEs and GDs was lower following SZ-A treatment than acarbose treatment, suggesting good safety.

10.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 23, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568192

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) play key roles in promoting the proliferation, differentiation, and migration of cancer cell. Inactivation of FGFRs by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) has achieved great success in tumor-targeted therapy. However, resistance to FGFR-TKI has become a concern. Here, we review the mechanisms of FGFR-TKI resistance in cancer, including gatekeeper mutations, alternative signaling pathway activation, lysosome-mediated TKI sequestration, and gene fusion. In addition, we summarize strategies to overcome resistance, including developing covalent inhibitors, developing dual-target inhibitors, adopting combination therapy, and targeting lysosomes, which will facilitate the transition to precision medicine and individualized treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Clin Chim Acta ; 517: 92-98, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609557

RESUMO

MCM6 is a significant DNA replication regulator that plays a crucial role in sustaining the cell cycle. In many cancer cells, MCM6 expression is enhanced. For example, persistently increased expression of MCM6 promotes the formation, development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Up- and down-regulation studies have indicated that MCM6 regulates cell cycle, proliferation, metastasis, immune response and the maintenance of the DNA replication system. MCM6 can also regulate downstream signaling such as MEK/ERK thus promoting carcinogenesis. Accordingly, MCM6 may represent a sensitive and specific biomarker to predict adverse progression and poor outcome. Furthermore, inhibition of MCM6 may be an effective cancer treatment. The present review summarizes the latest results on the inactivating and activating functions of MCM6, underlining its function in carcinogenesis. Further studies of the carcinogenic functions of MCM6 may provide novel insight into cancer biology and shed light on new approaches for cancer diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Replicação do DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Componente 6 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/genética , Componente 6 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/metabolismo
12.
Exp Cell Res ; 401(1): 112396, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485842

RESUMO

RING finger protein 6 (RNF6), a RING finger protein, has been identified as a potential tumor promoter in several cancers. However, the exact mechanism of RNF6 in cancer remains elusive. As in various diseases, RNF6 may be involved in regulating cell growth, cell proliferation, invasion, cell cycle progression, apoptosis and cell adhesion through E3 ligase-mediated ubiquitination. Thus, the research on RNF6 is mainly focused on the ubiquitination of RNF6 in recent years. This article summarizes the role of RNF6 ubiquitination in various physiological and pathological mechanisms, such as Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, RNF6/ERα/Bcl-xL axis, and provides knowledge and understanding for the treatment of diseases.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Transcrição Genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Ubiquitinação/genética , Proteína bcl-X/genética
13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(3): 1290-1297, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996683

RESUMO

Arranging ionic liquids (ILs) with long-range order can not only enhance their performance in a desired application, but can also help elucidate the vital between structure and properties. However, this is still a challenge and no example has been reported to date. Herein, we report a feasible strategy to achieve a crystalline IL via coordination self-assembly based reticular chemistry. IL1 MOF, was prepared by designing an IL bridging ligand and then connecting them with metal clusters. IL1 MOF has a unique structure, where the IL ligands are arranged on a long-range ordered framework but have a labile ionic center. This structure enables IL1 MOF to break through the typical limitation where the solid ILs have lower proton conductivity than their counterpart bulk ILs. IL1 MOF shows 2-4 orders of magnitude higher proton conductivity than its counterpart IL monomer across a wide temperature range. Moreover, by confining the IL within ultramicropores (<1 nm), IL1 MOF suppresses the liquid-solid phase transition temperatures to lower than -150 °C, allowing it to function with high conductivity in a subzero temperature range.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(1): 1212-1235, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291071

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor that mostly affects young people's health. The prognosis of patients with unresectable or recurrent osteosarcoma still remains dismal. Based on gene integration analysis from GEO and TARGET databases by R language, the differentially expressed genes of osteosarcoma patients were identified. Biological molecular function analysis indicated that these genes were importantly enriched in the process of cell adhesion molecule binding. Gene significance highly-related to clinical traits of osteosarcoma was found by weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Additionally, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was conducted to find prognostic markers in LASSO Cox regression model. Two candidate biomarkers, ANXA1 and PSAT1, for the prognosis of osteosarcoma were detected separately on the basis of WGCNA and LASSO model. Of note, their expression profiles were interrelated with an important therapeutic target HSPA5. In vitro pharmaceutical experiments were performed to explore the biological role and prognostic benefit of candidates. Suppression of HSPA5 effectively upregulated ANXA1 and inhibited PSAT1, resulting in osteosarcoma cell proliferation arrest and apoptosis. These findings suggest that HSPA5 serves as a core molecule for osteosarcoma therapy due to its bidirectional regulation of candidate prognostic biomarkers ANXA1 and PSAT1.


Assuntos
Anexina A1/genética , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Transaminases/genética , Anexina A1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transaminases/metabolismo
15.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(6): 4194-4210, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by multiple motor and vocal tics. Qiangzhi decoction (QD), a well-known herbal decoction, has been used in treating TS in China for decades. We have found relevance between the indications of QD and the classic symptoms of TS. The pharmacological mechanisms of QD in treating TS are still unclear. METHODS: The active compounds of QD were extracted from multi-database, including TCMSP (the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology database), and potential targets of the compounds were compiled by target fishing. The TS target database was established, and then the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to analyze the interactions between the potential targets of compounds in QD and targets associated with TS and screened the core targets by topology. The DAVID bioinformatics database was used to conduct the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. RESULTS: 59 active molecules and 585 potential targets of QD were selected. The consequences of the DAVID enrichment analysis show that 36 cellular biological processes (FDR <0.01) and 65 pathways (FDR <0.01) of QD chiefly took part in the convoluted treating effects relevant to the dopamine system, inflammation, and infection, and miRNA pathway. Fourteen core targets of QD were found as potential targets of the treatment of TS. CONCLUSIONS: QD could relieve the symptoms of TS through the molecular mechanisms predicted by network pharmacology. This study supplies insight into how network pharmacology can predict traditional Chinese herbal medicine's possible molecular mechanisms (TCHM).


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Síndrome de Tourette , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Síndrome de Tourette/tratamento farmacológico
16.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206614

RESUMO

Multi-label learning deals with training examples each represented by a single instance while associated with multiple class labels. Due to the exponential number of possible label sets to be considered by the predictive model, it is commonly assumed that label correlations should be well exploited to design an effective multi-label learning approach. On the other hand, class-imbalance stands as an intrinsic property of multi-label data which significantly affects the generalization performance of the multi-label predictive model. For each class label, the number of training examples with positive labeling assignment is generally much less than those with negative labeling assignment. To deal with the class-imbalance issue for multi-label learning, a simple yet effective class-imbalance aware learning strategy called cross-coupling aggregation (Cocoa) is proposed in this article. Specifically, Cocoa works by leveraging the exploitation of label correlations as well as the exploration of class-imbalance simultaneously. For each class label, a number of multiclass imbalance learners are induced by randomly coupling with other labels, whose predictions on the unseen instance are aggregated to determine the corresponding labeling relevancy. Extensive experiments on 18 benchmark datasets clearly validate the effectiveness of Cocoa against state-of-the-art multi-label learning approaches especially in terms of imbalance-specific evaluation metrics.

17.
ACS Omega ; 5(46): 30001-30010, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251436

RESUMO

Coal combustion is a major energy provider but also a serious pollutant emitter worldwide. Biomass has attracted increasing research attention due to its carbon neutral and other advantages during co-pyrolysis of coal. Therefore, pyrolysis of corn straw, lignite coal, and their mixed fuel was investigated using a horizontal tube furnace at a temperature range of 300-900 °C in this study by concentrating on emissions of nitrogen- and sulfur-bearing gases. Emissions of HCN, NH3, COS, and SO2 were monitored, and char yield was calculated during pyrolysis. Results showed that char yield decreases with increasing temperature due to the decomposition of heterocyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. Sulfur (42.45 wt %, 900 °C) and nitrogen (73.23 wt %, 600 °C) were released from the mixed fuel during pyrolysis. The synergistic effect between corn straw and coal was evaluated and their experimental and calculated values were compared. The synergistic effect on emissions was remarkable at a temperature range of 600-800 °C due to high biomass content and desynchronization of volatile matter emissions between the coal and biomass. Volatiles in the biomass, which are released before coal, stimulated the volatilization of coal. Several conventional gases, such as CH4 and C2H6, were also analyzed to investigate emission patterns at different temperatures.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(49): 54904-54915, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251793

RESUMO

The scalability processing of all functional layers in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is one of the critical challenges in the commercialization of perovskite photovoltaic technology. In response to this issue, a large-area and high-quality gallium-doped tin oxide (Ga-SnOx) thin film is deposited by direct current magnetron sputtering and applied in CsPbBr3 all-inorganic PSCs as an electron transport layer (ETL). It is found that oxygen defects of SnOx can be remarkably offset by regulating oxygen flux and acceptor-like Ga doping level, resulting in higher carrier mobility and suitable energy level alignment, which is beneficial in accelerating electron extraction and suppressing charge recombination at the perovskite/ETL interface. At the optimal O2 flux (12 sccm) and Ga doping level (5%), the device based on sputtered Ga-SnOx ETL without any interface modification shows a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.13%, which is significantly higher than that of undoped SnOx prepared by sputtering or spin coating. Furthermore, a PCE of 5.98% for a device with an active area of 1 cm2 is obtained, demonstrating great potential in fabricating efficient and stable large-area PSCs.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(18): 4010-4016, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic disease, which may cause various complications. Patients with diabetes are at high risk of bone and joint disorders, such as osteoporosis and bone fractures. In addition, it became widely accepted that diabetes has an important impact on bone metabolism. Metformin is a commonly used and effective first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes. Some glucose-lowering agents have been found to have an effect on bone metabolism. The present study explored if different doses of metformin have an effect on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone metabolism in type 2 diabetes. AIM: To investigate the effects of different doses of metformin on BMD and bone metabolism in elderly male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A total of 120 elderly male outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were admitted to our hospital were included in the study from July 2018 to June 2019. They were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group with 60 patients in each group. Patients in the experimental group were given high dose metformin four times a day 0.5 g each time for 12 wk. Patients in the control group were given low dose metformin orally twice a day 0.5 g each time for 12 wk. The changes in bone mineral density and bone metabolism before and after treatment and the efficacy rate of the treatment were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the efficacy rate between the two groups (P > 0.05). Before the treatment, there was no significant difference in BMD and bone metabolism between the two groups (P > 0.05). However, after the treatment, BMD and bone metabolism were improved in the two groups. Moreover, BMD and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group, and N-terminal/midregion and ß-isomerized C-terminal telopeptides were significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Both high and low dose metformin can effectively control the blood glucose levels in elderly male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the benefits of high dose metformin in improving BMD and bone metabolism level was more obvious in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 3574261, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964028

RESUMO

Background: The microliposome maintenance (MCM) complex, MCM2-7, is revealed to be involved in multiple cellular processes and plays a key role in the development and progression of human cancers. However, the MCM complex remains poorly elaborated in hepatic carcinoma (HCC). Methods: In the study, we found the mRNA and protein level by bioinformatics. We also explored the prognostic value, genetic alteration, interaction network, and functional enrichment of MCM2-7. The MCM expression and correlation among these MCMs in HCC cell lines were identified by western blot. Results: MCM2-7 was significantly increased in HCC tissues compared to normal liver tissues. The high level of MCM2-7 had a positive correlation with poor prognosis. However, MCM2-7 alterations were not correlated with poor OS. MCMs were both increased in HCC cell lines compared to the normal hepatocyte cell line. Furthermore, the positive correlation was found among MCMs in HCC cell lines. Conclusions: The MCM complex was increased in HCC tissues and cell lines and negatively correlated with prognosis, which might be important biomarkers for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Replicação do DNA/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética
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