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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(18): 9733-9740, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321826

RESUMO

Isoprene has the highest emission into Earth's atmosphere of any nonmethane hydrocarbon. Atmospheric processing of alkenes, including isoprene, via ozonolysis leads to the formation of zwitterionic reactive intermediates, known as Criegee intermediates (CIs). Direct studies have revealed that reactions involving simple CIs can significantly impact the tropospheric oxidizing capacity, enhance particulate formation, and degrade local air quality. Methyl vinyl ketone oxide (MVK-oxide) is a four-carbon, asymmetric, resonance-stabilized CI, produced with 21 to 23% yield from isoprene ozonolysis, yet its reactivity has not been directly studied. We present direct kinetic measurements of MVK-oxide reactions with key atmospheric species using absorption spectroscopy. Direct UV-Vis absorption spectra from two independent flow cell experiments overlap with the molecular beam UV-Vis-depletion spectra reported recently [M. F. Vansco, B. Marchetti, M. I. Lester, J. Chem. Phys. 149, 44309 (2018)] but suggest different conformer distributions under jet-cooled and thermal conditions. Comparison of the experimental lifetime herein with theory indicates only the syn-conformers are observed; anti-conformers are calculated to be removed much more rapidly via unimolecular decay. We observe experimentally and predict theoretically fast reaction of syn-MVK-oxide with SO2 and formic acid, similar to smaller alkyl-substituted CIs, and by contrast, slow removal in the presence of water. We determine products through complementary multiplexed photoionization mass spectrometry, observing SO3 and identifying organic hydroperoxide formation from reaction with SO2 and formic acid, respectively. The tropospheric implications of these reactions are evaluated using a global chemistry and transport model.

2.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 157, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of somatic reprogramming, especially purely chemical reprogramming, has significantly advanced biological research. And chemical-induced extraembryonic endoderm-like (ciXEN) cells have been confirmed to be an indispensable intermediate stage of chemical reprogramming. They resemble extraembryonic endoderm (XEN) cells in terms of transcriptome, reprogramming potential, and developmental ability in vivo. However, the other characteristics of ciXEN cells and the effects of chemicals and bFGF on the in vitro culture of ciXEN cells have not been systematically reported. METHODS: Chemicals and bFGF in combination with Matrigel were used to induce the generation of ciXEN cells derived from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). RNA sequencing was utilised to examine the transcriptome of ciXEN cells, and PCR/qPCR assays were performed to evaluate the mRNA levels of the genes involved in this study. Hepatic functions were investigated by periodic acid-Schiff staining and indocyanine green assay. Lactate production, ATP detection, and extracellular metabolic flux analysis were used to analyse the energy metabolism of ciXEN cells. RESULTS: ciXEN cells expressed XEN-related genes, exhibited high proliferative capacity, had the ability to differentiate into visceral endoderm in vitro, and possessed the plasticity allowing for their differentiation into induced hepatocytes (iHeps). Additionally, the upregulated biological processes of ciXEN cells compared to those in MEFs focused on metabolism, but their energy production was independent of glycolysis. Furthermore, without the cocktail of chemicals and bFGF, which are indispensable for the generation of ciXEN cells, induced XEN (iXEN) cells remained the expression of XEN markers, the high proliferative capacity, and the plasticity to differentiate into iHeps in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: ciXEN cells had high plasticity, and energy metabolism was reconstructed during chemical reprogramming, but it did not change from aerobic oxidation to glycolysis. And the cocktail of chemicals and bFGF were non-essential for the in vitro culture of ciXEN cells.

3.
Langmuir ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336103

RESUMO

Iron incorporation is essential for the record activity of NiFe-(oxy)hydroxides to oxygen evolution reaction (OER), but the details of how Fe affects catalysis remain under active investigation. In this work, we present a double thin-layer strategy for finding unique and solid evidence for the role of Fe in the OER mechanism. A thin-layer catalyst of a few nanometers of thickness was deposited on a Ni substrate and a thin-layer electrolyte of 0.1 mm thickness was created using a thin-layer spectroelectrochemical cell. The OER activity, the catalyst composition, and the electrolyte species were investigated together as a function of the Fe deposition time. The results show that trace Fe incorporation favors the formation of ß-NiOOH in the thin-layer catalyst and effectively suppresses the dissolution of NiOOH into the electrolyte. The results of double-potential step chronoabsorptometry and cyclic voltabsorptometry demonstrate the potential-dependent formation of a Ni3+ intermediate in the electrolyte and, more importantly, the dissolution suppression effect due to Fe incorporation. These findings link the role of Fe in OER catalysis to the increased insolubility of Ni3+ active sites and highlight the importance of paying close attention to the active-site stability of an electrocatalyst impaired by the electrolyte at a reaction potential.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 955-960, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237499

RESUMO

The standard sample of natural products is an essential standard reference to determine the quality of the product in the quality control of natural products. To develop a certified reference material(CRM) of swertioside according to the Work Guideline for Reference Materials(3): Reference Material-General Principles and Statistical Method for Certification(GB/T 15000.3-2008), swertioside was purified from whole plant of Swertia mussotii by extraction, isolation and Prep-HPLC to obtain certified reference material of swertioside. The structure of swertioside was identified by IR, UV, high-resolution MS, NMR. Thin layer chromatography, optical rotation, elemental analysis and melting point was carried out for the identification. The purity of the prepared sample was tested from different chromatographic elution conditions, thin layer chromatography and HPLC-MS. Swertioside was divided into 140 bottles, with 10 mg per bottle after homogeneity test, stability test and quantitative analysis. This CRM is 7-O-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-ß-D-xylopyranosyl]; the homogeneity of the 95% confidence interval was good; the certified purity value was 98.66%, with a relative expanded uncertainty of 0.38%; the storage period was 36 months at 0-8 ℃. Therefore, the CRM of sakuranetin reached the technical requirements of CRM, and was accepted by SAC. Swertioside is successfully developed and can be used for determining content, evaluating test methods, detecting relevant products and controlling quality.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6378, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286484

RESUMO

We aimed to derive and validate an effective risk score to identify high-risk patients of very late stent thrombosis (VLST), following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Stepwise multivariable Cox regression was used to build the risk model using data from 5,185 consecutive ACS patients treated with PCI (derivation cohort) and 2,058 patients from the external validation cohort. Eight variables were independently associated with the development of VLST: history of diabetes mellitus, previous PCI, acute myocardial infarction as admitting diagnosis, estimated glomerular filtration rate <90 ml/min/1.73 m2, three-vessel disease, number of stents per lesion, sirolimus-eluting stent, and no post-dilation. Based on the derived score, patients were classified into low- (≤7), intermediate- (8-9), and high- (≥10) risk categories. Observed VLST rates were 0.5%, 2.2%, and 8.7% and 0.45%, 2.3%, and 9.3% across the 3 risk categories in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. High discrimination (c-statistic = 0.80 and 0.82 in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively) and excellent calibration were observed in both cohorts. VLST risk score, a readily useable and efficient tool to identify high-risk patients of VLST after PCI for ACS, may aid in risk-stratification and pre-emptive decision-making.

6.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(17): 3801-3813, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227025

RESUMO

Lack of sufficient tumor penetration of the current nanomedicines is a major reason limiting their clinical success in cancer therapy. In this work, we aimed at the development of a novel biodegradable nanoplatform for the selective and controlled delivery of anticancer agents, with improved tumor permeability and the ability to release ultrasmall nanovesicles in the tumor microenvironment. To this end, positively charged nanogels were obtained through the double-crosslinking of chitosan with an ionic physical gelator and a disulfide-containing chemical crosslinker. After conjugation to an anionic oligomer, the cationic nanogels were transformed into negatively charged nanocarriers (CTCP), enabling effective encapsulation of the cationic anticancer agent doxorubicin (DOX) to generate a biodegradable nanomedicine (DOX@CTCP). DOX@CTCP could maintain sustained DOX release and decreased DOX toxicity. Upon arrival at the tumor tissue, the reductive and lysozyme-high microenvironment drives the cleavage of the nanomedicine to release DOX-carrying nanoblocks of smaller size, which together with their acidic-protonable feature achieves an effective therapeutic delivery into cancer cells. The nanomedicine described here showed excellent biocompatibility/biosafety and enhanced in vivo antitumor efficacy.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212652

RESUMO

Hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks (HOFs) show great potential in many applications, but few structure-property correlations have been explored in this field. In this work, we report that self-assembly of a rigid and planar ligand gives rise to flat hexagonal honeycomb motifs which are extended into undulated two-dimensional (2D) layers and finally generate three polycatenated HOFs with record complexity. This kind of undulation is absent in the 2D layers built from a very similar but nonplanar ligand, indicating that a slight torsion of ligand produces overwhelming structural change. This change delivers materials with unique stepwise adsorption behaviors under a certain pressure originating from the movement between mutually interwoven hexagonal networks. Meanwhile, high chemical stability, phase transformation, and preferential adsorption of aromatic compounds were observed in these HOFs. The results presented in this work would help us to understand the self-assembly behaviors of HOFs and shed light on the rational design of HOF materials for practical applications.

8.
EBioMedicine ; 53: 102693, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) remains to be a challenge due to limited insights for its pathogenesis. We aimed to determine the role of O-Linked ß-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) in the development of CD and evaluate therapeutic effects of O-GlcNAc inhibitors on CD. METHODS: O-GlcNAc in intestinal epithelial tissues of CD, adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) LF82-infected cells and mice was determined by immunoblot and immunohistochemistry. AIEC LF82 and dextran sulfate sodium were administrated into C57BL/6 mice for estabolishing inflammatory bowel disease model and for therapeutic study. FINDINGS: O-GlcNAc was increased in intestinal epithelial tissues of CD patients and AIEC LF82-infected mice. Infection of AIEC LF82 up-regulated the level of UDP-GlcNAc and increased O-GlcNAc in human colon epithelial HCT116 and HT-29 cells. We identified that IKKß and NF-κB were O-Glycosylated in AIEC LF82-treated cells. Mutations of IKKß (S733A) and p65 (T352A) abrogated the O-GlcNAc in IKKß and NF-κB and inhibited AIEC LF82-induced activation of NF-κB. Application of 6-diazO-5-oxO-L-norleucine, an agent that blocks the production of UDP-GlcNAc and inhibits O-GlcNAc, inactivated NF-κB in AIEC LF82-infected cells, enhanced the formation of autophagy, promoted the removal of cell-associated AIEC LF82, alleviated intestinal epithelial inflammation, and improved the survival of the colitis mice. INTERPRETATION: Intestinal inflammation in CD is associated with increased O-GlcNAc modification, which is required for NF-κB activation and suppression of autophagy. Targeting O-GlcNAc could be an effective therapy for inflammatory bowel disease. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81573087 and 81772924) and International Cooperation Foundation of Jilin Province (20190701006GH).

9.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 44(2): 275-283, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a nomogrom for prediction of pathological complete response (PCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Ninety-one patients were analyzed. A total of 396 radiomics features were extracted from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator was selected for data dimension reduction to build a radiomics signature. Finally, the nomogram was built to predict PCR. RESULTS: The radiomics signature of the model that combined DCE-MRI and ADC maps showed a higher performance (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], 0.848) than the models with DCE-MRI (AUC, 0.750) or ADC maps (AUC, 0.785) alone in the training set. The proposed model, which included combined radiomics signature, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor, yielded a maximum AUC of 0.837 in the testing set. CONCLUSIONS: The combined radiomics features from DCE-MRI and ADC data may serve as potential predictor markers for predicting PCR. The nomogram could be used as a quantitative tool to predict PCR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Nomogramas , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Metallomics ; 12(3): 396-407, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959998

RESUMO

Melatonin, a safe endogenous hormone and a natural supplement, has recently been recognized to have antiproliferative effects and the ability to sensitize cells to other anticancer therapies. Phenylarsine oxide (PAO) has anticancer potential but it is considered as a toxic agent. In this study we combined melatonin to reduce the toxicity while securing the anti-cancer effects of PAO. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay, whereas cytotoxic assays were performed using an LDH cytotoxicity assay kit. Cell cycle analysis, Annexin V/PI staining, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial calcium and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were analyzed using flow cytometry. Sytox stained cells were visualized by fluorescence microscopy and the expression of proteins was detected by western blotting. Melatonin increased the anticancer potential of PAO by decreasing the cell viability and increasing LDH release in various cancer cells. The mode of cell death was determined to be typical apoptosis, as evidenced by Annexin V/PI-stained cells, PARP cleavage, and caspase-3 activation, and with significant modulations in the expression of proapoptotic, antiapoptotic and cell cycle-related proteins. ROS generation played a critical role in induction of cell death by this combined treatment, which is validated by reversal of cytotoxicity upon cotreatment with NAC. Furthermore, the activation of MAPKs, especially JNK, contributed to the induction of cell death, accompanied by endoplasmic reticulum stress and autophagy, affirmed by the abrogation of cytotoxicity after JNK-IN-8 and TUDCA application. Melatonin showed promising potential as a chemotherapeutic agent in combination with PAO to achieve a better anticancer response.

11.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(1): 7-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950782

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effects of genistein (GEN) on reproductive system in prepubertal male rats. Methods: Thirty SPF-rated male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Con group), low-dose group (G1 group) and high-dose group (G2 group), with 10 rats in each group. Corn oil, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg GEN dissolved in corn oil of equal volume were respectively administered every day and weighed the next day. After 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, and the testis, epididymis and prostate were dissected, and organ coefficients were calculated. Histopathological changes of testis was observed. The number of sperm was counted and the rate of sperm malformation was calculated. The concentrations of serum testosterone and estradiol were detected by radioimmunoassay. The protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit B, gamma (PPP2R2C) protein expression in testicular tissue was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PPP2R2C and cyclin dependent protein kinases 2 (CDK2) in rat testis were detected by real-time quantitative fluorescence PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot, respectively. The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity in testicular tissue was detected by immunoprecipitation. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in body mass, sperm number, serum estradiol and PP2A enzyme activity among the groups ( P>0.05). The pathological structure of testicular in G2 group was disordered. Sperm abnormality rate in G1 and G2 groups was higher than that in Con group ( P<0.05). Serum testosterone concentration in G2 group was lower than that in Con group ( P<0.05). The expression of PPP2R2C and CDK2 in G2 group was higher than that in Con group ( P<0.05), but the protein level was lower than that in Con group ( P<0.05). PPP2R2C protein was expressed in testicular tissue in each group. Conclusion: Long-term exposure to high dose (300 mg/kg) GEN during prepuberty may cause adverse effects on reproductive function in adult male rats. Further investigation is needed to determine whether PPP2R2C-PP2A-CDK2 phosphorylation pathway affects reproductive system in rats.


Assuntos
Genisteína , Genitália Masculina , Animais , Estradiol/sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genisteína/farmacologia , Genitália Masculina/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fitoestrógenos/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/enzimologia , Testosterona/sangue
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 704: 135443, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836213

RESUMO

Nitrogen pollution effects on plant communities are well documented, however, most field researches on nitrogen pollution have failed to account for extraneous environmental factors and the interaction among changes in multiple stressors. In this study, we show the effect of eutrophication via nitrogen deposition and altered snowfall on the productivity and traits space of an Inner Mongolian grassland where is recovered from abandoned farmland for 13 years. This multi-year factorial experiment allowed us to test the independent and interactive effects of nitrogen and snow deposition within this ecosystem. We simulated nitrogen pollution (added nitrogen) and extremely snowfall (added snow) to each plot for three years. After the third year, only nitrogen was added for the next two years to keep a continuous N-pollution condition. We measured changes in aboveground net primary production (ANPP), occupied functional traits space (OFS), and the centroid range of OFS (spatial traits variability, STV) at community level. Our results showed that the interaction between continuous nitrogen pollution and fluctuated snow have different effects on ANPP and functional diversity (indicated by OFS and STV). In nitrogen and nitrogen combined with snow treatment, its ANPP increased, while its OFS increased in 2010 but decreased in 2012 and 2014. Increases in snow did not affect ANPP and OFS, but significantly impacted spatial traits variability. Snow addition corresponded with decreasing the spatial traits variability in 2010, followed by increasing in 2012 and 2014. The results indicate N-Pollution on grassland ecosystem cannot be interpreted only by ANPP, especially when N-pollution interacted with changes of other extremely stressors such as snowfall.

13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110185, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753345

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are effective antimicrobial reagent, especially for the treatment of multidrug-resistant microorganisms. However, it is difficult to remove the residual harmful reducing agents in AgNPs synthesized by the traditional chemical reduction method. In addition, AgNPs exhibit cytotoxicity when exposed directly to cells for biomedical applications and will rapidly aggregate in aqueous environment. Herein, we develop a new route to synthesize submicron-particles containing AgNPs (κC@Ag MPs) with high aqueous stability, robust antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity. AgNPs were firstly greenly synthesized using κ-carrageenan as environmental friendly reducing and stabilizing agent under heating in aqueous solution. Then the AgNPs were immobilized in the net of κ-carrageenan by adding KCl to obtain κC@Ag MPs. The results indicated that κC@Ag MPs were quite stable without any agglomeration and precipitation in aqueous solution for more than three months. κC@Ag MPs exhibited robust antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, even better than that of pure AgNPs. Notably, κC@Ag MPs maintained the long-lasting retention of antibacterial activity. In addition, κC@Ag MPs possessed well cytocompatibility towards the L02 and L929 cells. Overall, κC@Ag MPs may have prospective application as effective and sustainable antibacterial agent in biomedical fields.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Carragenina/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Química Verde , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
14.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2389-2394, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492252

RESUMO

Amidoxime polyacrylonitrile (AOPAN) beads with diameter of around 2 mm were prepared by a simple ball-dropping method, and were used as support for the immobilization of Pd or PdNi nanoparticles for catalytic application in formic acid dehydrogenation. The Pd-based nanoparticles showed uniform distribution on the surface of the AOPAN beads, with good accessibility to reagents. The optimized PdNi/AOPAN catalyst can efficiently convert formic acid to hydrogen with a turn over frequency of 3041 h-1 under ambient conditions, and this catalytic activity was maintained well for at least seven cycles. The millimeter-sized beads can float on water, making them easy to manipulate and recover without any weight loss. The amidoxime and cyano groups on the surface of the AOPAN beads play critical roles in stabilizing and distributing Pd-based nanoparticles, and may also participate in the synergistic activation of formic acid dehydrogenation.

15.
Small ; 16(4): e1905925, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880079

RESUMO

Protein-based therapies are potential treatments for cancer, immunological, and cardiovascular diseases. However, effective delivery systems are needed because of their instability, immunogenicity, and so on. Crosslinked negatively charged heparin polysaccharide nanoparticle (HepNP) is proposed for protein delivery. HepNP can efficiently condense vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) because of the unique electronegative sulfonic acid and carboxyl domain of heparin. HepNP is then assembled with VEGF-C (Hep@VEGF-C) or VEGF-A (Hep@VEGF-A) protein for the therapy of myocardial infarction (MI) via intravenous (iv) injection. Hep@VEGF-A-mediated improvement of cardiac function by promoting angiogenesis is limited because of elevated vascular permeability, while Hep@VEGF-C effectively promotes lymphangiogenesis and reduces edema. On this basis, a graded delivery of VEGF-C (0.5-1 h post-MI) and VEGF-A (5 d post-MI) using HepNP is developed. At the dose ratio of 3:1 (Hep@VEGF-C vs Hep@VEGF-A), Hep@VEGF functional complexes substantially reduce the scar formation (≈-39%; p < 0.05) and improve cardiac function (≈+74%; p < 0.05). Such a HepNP delivery system provides a simple and effective therapeutic strategy for cardiovascular diseases by delivering functional proteins. Because of the unique binding ability of heparin with cytokines and growth factors, HepNP also has considerable application prospects in protein therapy for other serious diseases.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817009

RESUMO

Different livestock behaviors have distinct effects on grassland degradation. However, because direct observation of livestock behavior is time- and labor-intensive, an automated methodology to classify livestock behavior according to animal position and posture is necessary. We applied the Random Forest algorithm to predict livestock behaviors in the Horqin Sand Land by using Global Positioning System (GPS) and tri-axis accelerometer data and then confirmed the results through field observations. The overall accuracy of GPS models was 85% to 90% when the time interval was greater than 300-800 s, which was approximated to the tri-axis model (96%) and GPS-tri models (96%). In the GPS model, the linear backward or forward distance were the most important determinants of behavior classification, and nongrazing was less than 30% when livestock travelled more than 30-50 m over a 5-min interval. For the tri-axis accelerometer model, the anteroposterior acceleration (-3 m/s2) of neck movement was the most accurate determinant of livestock behavior classification. Using instantaneous acceleration of livestock body movement more precisely classified livestock behaviors than did GPS location-based distance metrics. When a tri-axis model is unavailable, GPS models will yield sufficiently reliable classification accuracy when an appropriate time interval is defined.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121801, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818653

RESUMO

A considerable amount of sewage sludge (SS) is generated from wastewater treatment process, which is hazardous to the environment and in urge to be disposed. In this study, for the first time, we prepared carbocatalyst with abundant surface oxygen functional groups using the hazardous waste of SS as precursor via a facile hydrothermal coupled pyrolysis process. The hydrothermal treatment was found to be crucial for enhancing the oxygen content of sludge carbon (SC), most of which existed as ketonic groups. Catalytic performances of the developed SCs were examined by activating peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to degrade bisphenol A (BPA). Sample with more ketonic group performed better for BPA degradation. Under optimal reaction conditions, 100 % of BPA and 69.53 % of TOC could be removed in 20 min. Singlet oxygen (1O2) was suggested to be the main reactive oxygen species for degrading BPA and a BPA degradation pathway was proposed. The BPA solution showed decreased bio-toxicity after the oxidation process according to the acute ecotoxicity test. This study demonstrated the importance of surface functional groups on carbocatalyst for advanced oxidation process, which could be induced by a facile hydrothermal treatment. The feasibility of utilizing hazardous SS for advanced carbocatalyst fabrication was also revealed.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18317, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male infertility is a worldwide problem with limitations in the treatment. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5is) is the first choice for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED), but more and more studies show that it has a certain effect on male infertility in recent years. The literatures of PDE5is related to male infertility have shown inconsistent results, and there is currently no high quality of systematic review to evaluate the effects of PDE5is on semen quality in male infertility patients. METHODS: The electronic databases of MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Clinicaltrials.org, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Wan fang Database, China Biology Medicine Database (CBM), VIP Science Technology Periodical Database, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and Cochrane Library were retrieved. Grey literature will be searched in Open Grey. Related Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were collected and selected before October 20, 2019. We will search English literature and Chinese literature with search terms "male infertility", "phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors", "PDE5i", "Tadalafil", "Sildenafil", "Vardenafil", "Udenafil", "Avanafil", "semen" and "sperm". Sperm concentration, motility and morphology, sperm DNA fragmentation index, number of per ejaculate, sperm viability and adverse events will be evaluated. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 will be used for Systematic review and Meta-analysis. This protocol reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) statement, and we will report the systematic review by following the PRISMA statement. CONCLUSION AND DISSEMINATION: Efficacy and safety of PDE5is on male sperm quality in infertile men will be assessed. The results will be published in a public issue journal to provide evidence-based medical evidence for urologists and andrologists to make clinical decisions. REGISTRATION INFORMATION: PROSPERO CRD42019142980.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Masculino , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18453, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male fertility has gradually become a worldwide problem. Because of the limitation of treatment, many drugs have been used for improving sperm quality. Among them, alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), as a treatment of diabetic neuropathy, has been applied to improve the quality of sperm in clinical practice, with satisfactory effect. However, there is still no systematic review on the field of male infertility treating with oral ALA. METHODS: The databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Clinicaltrials.org., China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), China Biology Medicine Database (CBM), Wan fang Database, VIP Science Technology Periodical Database, and Cochrane Library were retrieved. Grey literature will be searched in OpenGrey. Related Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) will be collected and selected before December 30, 2019. We will search English literature and Chinese literature using search terms including "male infertility", "semen", "sperm", "alpha-lipoid acid", " alpha lipoid acid", "lipoid acid". We will start to search database in November 20, 2019. Sperm concentration, motility and morphology, sperm DNA fragmentation index, sperm number of per ejaculate, sperm viability and adverse events will be evaluated. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 will be used for Systematic review and Meta-analysis. This protocol reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) statement, and we will report the systematic review by following the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: Through systematic review, and meta-analysis when necessary, we can obtain the effect of ALA on sperm quality, including sperm motility, concentration, morphology and other indicators. CONCLUSION AND DISSEMINATION: Efficacy and safety of oral ALA on male sperm quality in infertile men will be assessed. The results will be published in a public issue journal to provide evidence-based medical evidence for urologists and andrologists to make better clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino
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