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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7402, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513692

RESUMO

We evaluated pulmonary sequelae in COVID-19 survivors by quantitative inspiratory-expiratory chest CT (QCT) and explored abnormal pulmonary diffusion risk factors at the 6-month follow-up. This retrospective study enrolled 205 COVID-19 survivors with baseline CT data and QCT scans at 6-month follow-up. Patients without follow-up pulmonary function tests were excluded. All subjects were divided into group 1 (carbon monoxide diffusion capacity [DLCO] < 80% predicted, n = 88) and group 2 (DLCO ≥ 80% predicted, n = 117). Clinical characteristics and lung radiological changes were recorded. Semiquantitative total CT score (0-25) was calculated by adding five lobes scores (0-5) according to the range of lesion involvement (0: no involvement; 1: < 5%; 2: 5-25%; 3: 26-50%; 4: 51-75%; 5: > 75%). Data was analyzed by two-sample t-test, Spearman test, etc. 29% survivors showed air trapping by follow-up QCT. Semiquantitative CT score and QCT parameter of air trapping in group 1 were significantly greater than group 2 (p < 0.001). Decreased DLCO was negatively correlated with the follow-up CT score for ground-glass opacity (r = - 0.246, p = 0.003), reticulation (r = - 0.206, p = 0.002), air trapping (r = - 0.220, p = 0.002) and relative lung volume changes (r = - 0.265, p = 0.001). COVID-19 survivors with lung diffusion deficits at 6-month follow-up tended to develop air trapping, possibly due to small-airway impairment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sobreviventes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 143, 2022 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to dynamically monitor the myocardial structure and function changes in diabetic mini-pigs by 1.5 T cardiac magnetic resonance. METHODS: Three male mini-pigs underwent cardiac magnet resonance (CMR) imaging, and histologic examination. T1-mapping was acquired at basal, mid and apical segments. CMR feature-tracking (CMR-FT) is used to quantify left ventricle global longitudinal (LVGLS), circumferential (LVGCS) and radial strain (LVGRS). Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) was evaluated using a commercially available software. RESULTS: Left ventricular mass (LVM), myocardial native T1 value, extracellular volume (ECV) value and EAT were increased gradually after 6 months of modeling, while LVGLS decreased gradually after 6 months of modeling (LVM: 24.5 (23.4, 26.7) vs. 42.7 (41.4, 44.6) g/m2, p < 0.001; Native T1: 1005.5 (992.6, 1010.7) vs. 1028.7 (1015.5, 1035.6) ms, p = 0.041; EAT: 16.1 (14.5, 18.2) vs. 24.6 (20.8, 26.9) mL, p = 0.020; ECV: 21.4 (20.2, 23.9) vs. 28.9 (26.7, 30.3) %, p = 0.011; LVGLS: - 22.8 (- 21.4, - 23.9) vs. - 17.4 (- 17.2, - 19.2)%, p = 0.008). The diffuse myocardial interstitial fibrosis was found in histology samples. CONCLUSION: The progressive impairments in LV structure and myocardial deformation occurs in diabetic mini-pigs. T1 mapping and CMR-FT technology are promising to monitor abnormal changes of diabetic myocardium in the early stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Animais , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Suínos , Porco Miniatura , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 840956, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371087

RESUMO

Objectives: A bibliometric and knowledge-map analysis is used to explore hotspots' evolution and development trends in the CAR-T cell field. By looking for research hotspots and new topics, we can provide new clues and ideas for researchers in this field. Methods: The articles and reviews regarding CAR-T cells were retrieved and obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WOSCC) on October 28th, 2021. CtieSpace [version 5.8.R3 (64-bit)] and VOSviewer (version 1.6.17) were used to conduct the bibliometric and knowledge-map analysis. Results: 660 authors from 488 institutions in 104 countries/regions published 6,867 papers in 1,212 academic journals. The United States was absolutely in the leading position in this research field. The institution that contributed the most publications was the University of Pennsylvania. Carl H June published the most articles, while Shannon L Maude had the most co-citations. However, there was little cooperation between countries. After 2012, cooperation among various institutions was also small. The journals that published the most CAR-T cell-related papers were Frontiers in immunology and Cancers. Nevertheless, Blood and The New England Journal of Medicine were the most commonly co-cited journals. The most influential research hotspots were the research of CAR-T cells in hematological malignancies, the related research of cytokine release syndrome (CRS), CD19, and the anti-tumor activity and efficacy of CAR-T cells. The latest hotspots and topics included the study of CAR-T cells in solid tumors, universal CAR-T cells, CAR-NK cells, CD22, and anakinra (the IL-1 receptor antagonist). The research of CAR-T cells in solid tumors was a rapidly developing hot field. Emerging topics in this field mainly included the study of CAR-T cells in glioblastoma (related targets: IL13Rα2, EGFRvIII, and HER2), neuroblastoma (related target: GD2), sarcoma (related target: HER2), and pancreatic cancer (related target: mesothelin), especially glioblastoma. Conclusion: As an anti-tumor therapy with great potential and clinical application prospects, CAR-T cell therapy is still in a stage of rapid development. The related field of CAR-T cells will remain a research hotspot in the future.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Bibliometria , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Publicações , Linfócitos T , Estados Unidos
4.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(8): 2610-2615, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic emphysematous infection caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumo niae) is a rare but severe infection which can be lethal if the diagnosis is delayed. CASE SUMMARY: We report a rare case of systemic emphysematous infection via hematogenous dissemination from a liver abscess caused by K. pneumoniae, complicated by multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, septic shock, bacteremia, emphysematous cystitis, prostate and left seminal vesicle abscesses in a diabetic patient. The patient simultaneously presented with spontaneous pneumoperitoneum secondary to rupture of the emphysematous liver abscess. His condition after admission deteriorated rapidly and he died within a short period. This disease is a great challenge for the clinician as K. pneumoniae can cause multifocal emphysematous infections and fulminant septic shock. Pneumoperitoneum following spontaneous rupture of the liver abscess can result in intra-abdominal sepsis that further increases mortality rate. Moreover, appropriate site-specific intervention and adequate drainage of numerous emphysematous liver lesions are difficult. CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis followed by efficient antibiotic therapy and surgical management are essential for systemic emphysematous infection.

5.
J Cancer ; 13(6): 1848-1858, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399736

RESUMO

Early detection of pancreatic cancer has been a long-standing challenge. Inflammatory mass is the main source of false-positive findings in 18F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET/CT). Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an established biomarker overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. We modified a Dimer-Sansalvamide A cyclodecapeptide by conjugating it with the bifunctional chelator NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-trisacetic acid), yielding 18F-NOTA-Dimer-Sansalvamide A cyclodecapeptide (18F-NOTA-Dimer-San A). The binding specificity of the probe was confirmed by in vitro cell uptake assays in Hsp90-positive PL45 pancreatic cancer cells. Hsp90 expression was imaged via MicroPET in pancreatic cancer xenografts and inflammation in mice. All of the mice received an intravenous injection of 18F-NOTA-Dimer-San A, and images were acquired at 1 and 2 hour time points. The novel probe demonstrated prominent tumor uptake in the pancreatic cancer xenografts (4.00 ± 0.88 %ID/g, 5.80 ± 0.94 %ID/g), and the inflammatory thigh showed minimal uptake (0.85 ± 0.01 %ID/g, 1.50 ± 0.20 %ID/g) at 1 and 2 hours after injection, respectively. The activity accumulation between the two groups was significantly different (P < 0.05), and the biodistribution data was consistent with the images. Moreover, immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmed that the expression of Hsp90 was positive in PL45 pancreatic cancer but negative in the muscles next to the tumor and inflammatory muscles. We concluded that 18F-NOTA-Dimer-San A PET might allow non-invasive imaging for Hsp90 expression in tumors and has the potential to discriminate pancreatic cancer from inflammatory mass.

6.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 9274-9283, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400284

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs), as the most important antigen-presenting cells, play a crucial role in T cell activation. The latest research showed that inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) could enhance DCs maturation, promoting antigen presentation. Matrine has been identified as one of the key alkaloids isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens. In present study, we combined matrine and mTOR inhibitor KU0063794 to observe the DCs functions, especially the antigen presentation ability. DCs were activated by phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), LPS+KU0063794, LPS+Matrine, and LPS+KU0063794+Matrine. The surface markers in DCs, proliferation of T cells and cytokines were detected by flow cytometry, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release test was used to detect the antitumor efficacy. The tumor growth curves were plotted by calculating tumor volume. The apoptosis was detected by Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl Transferase-Mediated Nick End Labeling (TUNEL) method. Matrine combined with KU0063794 could enhance the maturity of DCs, T cells proliferation and cytokines secretion (P < 0.05). The cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) killing efficacy of LPS+KU0063794+Matrine group was higher than other groups (P < 0.05). In vivo, the tumor weights and volumes in LPS+KU0063794+Matrine group were lower than other groups. The detections of tumor apoptosis were increased in LPS+KU0063794+Matrine group (P < 0.05). DC vaccine with mTOR inhibitor and matrine could significantly improve the efficacy of antitumor immunity in vitro and vivo. These findings illustrated that mTOR inhibitor and matrine, as two immunomodulators, could enhance DC activation and differentiation.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Citocinas , Células Dendríticas , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Quinolizinas , Sirolimo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 832765, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392217

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) -T cell therapy has become one of the hot topics in tumor immunity research in recent years. Although CAR-T cell therapy is highly effective in treating hematological malignancies, there are numerous obstacles that prevent CAR-T cells from having anti-tumor effects. Traditional CARs, from the first to the fourth generation, are incapable of completely overcoming these challenges. Therefore, identifying ways to boost the efficacy of CAR-T cells by utilizing the limited tumor surface antigens has become an urgent area of research. Certain special CARs that have special structures, special systems, or are greatly improved on the basis of traditional CARs, such as tandem CAR, dual-signaling CARs, AND-gate CARs, inhibitory CAR, AND-NOT CARs, CARs with three scFvs, ON/OFF-switch CARs, and universal CARs have been introduced. This study aims to use these special CARs to improve the anti-tumor ability, accuracy, and safety of CAR-T cells. In addition to summarizing various special CARs of T cells, this paper also expounds some of our own conjectures, aiming to provide reference and inspiration for CARs researchers.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 843106, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432385

RESUMO

An increasing number of studies have shown that immunotherapy serves a significant role in treating colorectal cancer (CRC) and has become a hotspot. However, few studies used the bibliometric method to analyze this field comprehensively. This study collected 1,899 records of CRC immunotherapy from 2012 to October 31, 2021, and used CiteSpace to analyze regions, institutions, journals, authors, and keywords to predict the latest trends in CRC immunotherapy research. The United States and China, contributing more than 60% of publications, were the main drivers in this field. Sun Yat-sen University was the most active institution, while the National Cancer Institute had the highest frequency of citations. Most publications were published in the Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer. Adam E Snook was the most prolific writer, while Dung T. Le was the most commonly co-cited author. "T cell", "MMI" and "PD-1blocked" were the most widely studied aspects of CRC immunotherapy. "Immune checkpoint inhibitor", "combination therapy", "drug therapy" and "liver metastases" were current research hotspots. "Tumor microenvironment", "neutrophils", "tumor-associated macrophages", and "suppressor cell" have emerged as research hotspots in recent years. "Gut microbiota", "nanoparticle" and "tumor mutational burden" as recently emerged frontiers of research that should be closely monitored.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Bibliometria , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos , Imunoterapia , Publicações , Microambiente Tumoral , Estados Unidos
9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 788770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433432

RESUMO

Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a re-emerging therapy with the ability to selectively kill tumor cells. After the boron delivery agents enter the tumor tissue and enrich the tumor cells, the thermal neutrons trigger the fission of the boron atoms, leading to the release of boron atoms and then leading to the release of the α particles (4He) and recoil lithium particles (7Li), along with the production of large amounts of energy in the narrow region. With the advantages of targeted therapy and low toxicity, BNCT has become a unique method in the field of radiotherapy. Since the beginning of the last century, BNCT has been emerging worldwide and gradually developed into a technology for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme, head and neck cancer, malignant melanoma, and other cancers. At present, how to develop and innovate more efficient boron delivery agents and establish a more accurate boron-dose measurement system have become the problem faced by the development of BNCT. We discuss the use of boron delivery agents over the past several decades and the corresponding clinical trials and preclinical outcomes. Furthermore, the discussion brings recommendations on the future of boron delivery agents and this therapy.

10.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 178, 2022 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440583

RESUMO

According to the WHO, the number of mental disorder patients, especially depression patients, has overgrown and become a leading contributor to the global burden of disease. With the rising of tools such as artificial intelligence, using physiological data to explore new possible physiological indicators of mental disorder and creating new applications for mental disorder diagnosis has become a new research hot topic. We present a multi-modal open dataset for mental-disorder analysis. The dataset includes EEG and recordings of spoken language data from clinically depressed patients and matching normal controls, who were carefully diagnosed and selected by professional psychiatrists in hospitals. The EEG dataset includes data collected using a traditional 128-electrodes mounted elastic cap and a wearable 3-electrode EEG collector for pervasive computing applications. The 128-electrodes EEG signals of 53 participants were recorded as both in resting state and while doing the Dot probe tasks; the 3-electrode EEG signals of 55 participants were recorded in resting-state; the audio data of 52 participants were recorded during interviewing, reading, and picture description.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Inteligência Artificial , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/fisiopatologia
11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 844260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433470

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment restricts the function and survival of various immune cells by up-regulating inhibitory immune checkpoints, and participates in the immune escape of tumors. The development of immunotherapies targeting immune checkpoints, such as programmed cell death receptor 1 antibody and anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 antibody, has provided many options for cancer treatment. The efficacy of other immune checkpoint inhibitors is also under development and research. Among them, T cell immunoreceptor with Ig and ITIM domains (TIGIT) has shown excellent clinical application prospects. Correspondingly, poliovirus receptor (PVR, CD155), one of the main ligands of TIGIT, is mainly expressed in various human malignant tumors and myeloid cells. CD155 interacts with TIGIT on natural killer cells and T cells, mediating inhibitory immunomodulatory regulation. This study summarized the mechanism of CD155/TIGIT in regulating immune cells and its role in the occurrence and development of digestive system tumors, aiming to provide a new perspective for immunotherapy of digestive cancers.

12.
Clin Chim Acta ; 531: 25-35, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35300960

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) in serum exosomes between gastric cancer (GC) patients and healthy people to provide new targets for GC diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: DEMs in serum exosomes were screened by microarray analysis and verified by RT-qPCR. The target genes of DEMs were predicted using Targetscan and miRTarBase databases and then overlapped with the DEGs of STAD in TCGA database to obtain the common target genes. Biological function and pathway enrichment were analyzed using enrichr database, and a PPI network was constructed using STRING database. The potential target genes of DEMs were identified using the MCODE and cytoHubba plug-ins of Cytoscape software. Survival analysis were conducted using KMP and TCGA databases. The DEMs -target genes-pathways network was established using Cytoscape software. A Cox proportional hazards regression model formed by optimal target genes was used to access the reliability of this prediction process. RESULTS: Three serum exosomal microRNAs (exo-miRNAs, has-miR-1273 g-3p, has-miR-4793-3p, has-miR-619-5p) were identified to be highly expressed in GC patients and performed excellent diagnostic ability. A total of 179 common target genes related to GC were predicted. They were mainly involved in 79 GO functional annotations and 6 KEGG pathways. The prognostic model formed by eight optimal target genes (TIMELESS, DNA2, MELK, CHAF1B, DBF4, PAICS, CHEK1 and NCAPG2), which were low-risk genes of GC, also performed perfect prognostic ability. CONCLUSIONS: Serum exosomal has-miR-1273 g-3p, has-miR-4793-3p and has-miR-619-5p can be used as new diagnostic biomarkers for GC. Among them, serum exosomal hsa-miR-1273 g-3p / hsa-miR-4793-3p targets MELK and hsa-miR-619-5p targets NCAPG2 were identified as novel mechanisms involved in the development of GC. It provides new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of GC by exo-miRNAs.

13.
Exp Cell Res ; 415(2): 113115, 2022 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35341774

RESUMO

The N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification is important in post-transcriptional regulation of RNA and are regulated reversibly by methyltransferases (writers), demethylases (erasers) and m6A recognition proteins (readers). Changes in the structure and function of key RNAs contribute to the development of diseases, particularly tumors. Many abnormal expressions of molecules related to m6A RNA methylation modification are discovered in gastric cancer (GC), which changes the methylation level and stability of target genes after transcription, and then regulates related metabolic pathways, affecting the occurrence and progression of GC. Therefore, an in-depth study of m6A RNA modification in GC is conducive to the development of new tumor therapies and the achieve of individualized treatment. At present, both basic and clinical studies indicate that m6A plays a complex and contentious role in GC. In this paper, we not only review the roles and mechanisms of m6A modified related proteins, but also discuss the value of m6A modulators in the clinical applications and current challenges of GC, aiming to provide research clues for the early diagnosis and explore the feasibility of m6A related proteins as specific targets for GC immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoterapia , RNA , Espectinomicina , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 793610, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35265070

RESUMO

Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 is an important component of the post-translational protein ubiquitination pathway, which mediates the transfer of activated ubiquitin to substrate proteins. UBE2L3, also called UBcH7, is one of many E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes that participate in the ubiquitination of many substrate proteins and regulate many signaling pathways, such as the NF-κB, GSK3ß/p65, and DSB repair pathways. Studies on UBE2L3 have found that it has an abnormal expression in many diseases, mainly immune diseases, tumors and Parkinson's disease. It can also promote the occurrence and development of these diseases. Resultantly, UBE2L3 may become an important target for some diseases. Herein, we review the structure of UBE2L3, and its mechanism in diseases, as well as diseases related to UBE2L3 and discuss the related challenges.


Assuntos
Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina , Ubiquitina , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/genética , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
15.
Math Biosci Eng ; 19(3): 3069-3090, 2022 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the expression and clinical prognostic significance of PAQR4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We obtained the gene expression matrix and clinical data of HCC from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and international cancer genome consortium (ICGC) databases. The prognostic value of PAQR4 in HCC was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. PAQR4-related pathways were explored by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). A clinical nomogram prognostic model based on the PAQR family was constructed using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: We found that PAQR4 is overexpressed in HCC from multiple databases; additionally, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) validated the upregulation of PAQR4 in HCC. PAQR4 expression was related to age, grade, alpha fetoprotein (AFP), T classification and clinical stage of HCC patients. High PAQR4 expression was associated with poor overall survival and was an independent prognostic factor for HCC patients through Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis, respectively. In addition, GSEA identified that the high PAQR4 expression phenotype was involved in the cell cycle, Notch signaling pathway, mTOR signaling pathway, etc. Finally, three PAQR family genes (PAQR4, PAQR8 and PAQR9) were associated with the prognosis of patients with HCC. A clinical nomogram prediction model was verified in TCGA training and ICGC validation sets, and it exerted dramatic predictive efficiency in this study. CONCLUSIONS: PAQR4 may be regarded as a promising prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Nomogramas , Prognóstico
16.
J Oncol ; 2022: 5734549, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310914

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a disease that threatens human health. It is thus crucial to clarify the mechanisms involved in GC development and discover diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutics. As a cancer stem cell marker, aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) is involved in the development, progression, and treatment of GC. This review evaluated the prognostic value of ALDH1 and explored its mechanism of action in GC. Importantly, ALDH1 is an informative biomarker in clinical practice as it has specific relationships with indicators, such as metastasis and overall survival. Additionally, ALDH1 interacts with genes and exhibits properties that mimic stem cell characteristics amongst other mechanisms employed in the occurrence and progression of GC. Our results, therefore, provide evidence of possible clinical utility of ALDH1 as a GC therapeutic target.

17.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(2)2022 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35204420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the normal value of left ventricular myocardial strain using the computed tomography feature-tracking technique and to explore the correlation between myocardial strains and cardiac function parameters. METHODS: Participants suspected of coronary heart disease were selected from 17 August 2020 to 5 November 2020 to undergo coronary computed tomography angiography using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner. Data were imported into a commercial software (Medis) after multiphase reconstruction. The cardiac function parameters, radial (Err), circumferential (Ecc), and longitudinal strain (Ell) of the left ventricle were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 87 normal subjects were enrolled, including 41 males and 46 females. For healthy subjects, the global radial strain (GRS), circumferential strain (GCS), and longitudinal strain (GLS) of the left ventricle were 74.5 ± 15.2%, -22.7 ± 3.0%, and -26.6 ± 3.2%, respectively. The Err and Ecc absolute values (|Ecc|) were the largest at the apex, and the |Ell| gradually increased from the base to the apex. The Err and |Ecc| were the largest in the lateral and inferior wall, respectively. |Ell| showed a clockwise decrease from the lateral wall in the short axis. Meanwhile, the GRS and |GLS| in females were higher than that in males. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that both SV and LVEF were the independent determinants of GRS, GCS, and GLS. BMI and CO were the independent determined factors of GCS. CONCLUSIONS: At a reasonable radiation dose, CT feature-tracking is a feasible and reproducible method to analyze left ventricular myocardial strain. Left ventricular myocardial strain in normal subjects varies in gender, segments, levels, and regions.

19.
Mater Today Bio ; 13: 100189, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34977528

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has led to an expansion of the treatment of malignancies, but its effect in prostate cancer (PCa) patients is modest. Chemoimmunotherapy is a promising approach that has attracted substantial attention. Although the widely used clinical chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) elicits immunogenic cell death (ICD), its weak ICD effect and the abnormal vasculature of tumors severely limit its efficacy in chemoimmunotherapy. Ingenol-3-angelate (I3A), an emerging antitumor drug with dual chemotherapeutic and immune response-eliciting effects, is expected to exert synergistic effects when administered in combination with DOX. I3A induces the ICD of PCa cells by triggering mitophagy and apoptosis and promotes the normalization of tumor vessels, resulting in sufficient infiltration of immune cells into tumors. A synergistic effect of I3A and DOX was observed in vitro at a molar ratio of 1:4. To codeliver this ratio of I3A and DOX to tumor and ensure their uptake, we designed a dual-targeting delivery system, polylactide-poly(ethylene) glycol-2-(3-((S)-5-amino-1-carboxypentyl)-ureido) pentanedioate/triphenylphosphonium (PLA-PEG-ACUPA/TPP), which targets prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and mitochondria. Delivery of these nanomedicines led to inhibited tumor growth and a strong antitumor immune response. This study sheds light on the mitophagic and antiangiogenic mechanisms underlying I3A treatment of PCa and provides a strategy for combining vascular normalization and chemoimmunotherapy for PCa treatment.

20.
Nutrition ; 95: 111564, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The association between dietary protein intake (DPI) and mortality in people receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) remains uncertain. We aimed to explore the relationship of DPI with all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality, and to examine the possible modifiers for the associations, in Chinese MHD patients. METHODS: This multicenter prospective cohort study was conducted in eight outpatient dialysis centers in South China. We enrolled 1044 MHD patients in 2014 and 2015. The DPI was assessed using a 3-d 24-h dietary recall. Using Cox proportional hazard models, we estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all analyzed end points. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 45 mo, there were 354 (33.9%) deaths, 210 of which were CV related. Compared with patients with a DPI of 1.0 to < 1.4 g/kg ideal body weight (IBW)/d, a significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality was found in those with a DPI < 1.0 g/kg IBW/d (adjusted HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.42-2.38) or ≥ 1.4 g/kg IBW/d (adjusted HR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.00-2.22). Similar trends were found for CV mortality. Moreover, we found a significantly stronger positive association between DPI (≥ 1.4 versus 1.0 to < 1.4 g/kg IBW/d) and all-cause mortality in women (adjusted HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.00-4.22) than in men (adjusted HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.49-1.63; P for interaction = 0.0487). CONCLUSION: In Chinese MHD patients, a DPI of 1.0 to < 1.4 g/kg IBW/d was associated with lower risks of all-cause and CV mortality.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Proteínas na Dieta , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
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