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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131594, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346321

RESUMO

The situation of imbalance application of nitrogenous fertilizers in maize production is a serious issue in China, and excessive nitrogen (N) application is hazardous to sustainable agricultural production and environment. In this experiment, two biochar levels (C0: 0, C1: 2 %), three different N rates (N1: 50, N2: 100, and N3: 200 mg kg-1), and two fertilization methods (T: traditional N fertilizer application mode and D: deep N fertilizer placement mode) were set up to study the response of different treatments on maize yield, N uptake, and N use efficiency. Herein, we found that fresh and dry biomasses were increased by 292 % and 283 % under C1N3 treatment with the deep application of N fertilizer compared to the control treatment (without nitrogen fertilizers and biochar). According to structural equation modeling (SEM), soil physical and chemical properties, N component and C component in different soil layers were associated with biochar and N fertilizer treatment, especially at 20-40 depth. The combination of N fertilizer and biochar application promoted the effects of biochar on the improving NUE of plants. The biochar alleviated the loss of soil nitrogen (from 52.00 to 25.94 %) under traditional N fertilizer application. Overall, excessive input of N fertilizer not only promotes the growth of crops but also causes a waste of resources and environmental pollution. We suggest that combined application of biochar and N fertilizer could significantly reduce N loss, and improve root growth and N uptake, resulting in improving NUE by improving soil environment (pH, SOM, EC) and adjusting soil C/N component.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Solo , Agricultura , Carvão Vegetal , Fertilizantes/análise , Nitrogênio/análise
2.
Comput Biol Med ; : 105003, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) effected a global health crisis in 2019, 2020, and beyond. Currently, methods such as temperature detection, clinical manifestations, and nucleic acid testing are used to comprehensively determine whether patients are infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. However, during the peak period of COVID-19 outbreaks and in underdeveloped regions, medical staff and high-tech detection equipment were limited, resulting in the continued spread of the disease. Thus, a more portable, cost-effective, and automated auxiliary screening method is necessary. OBJECTIVE: We aim to apply a machine learning algorithm and non-contact monitoring system to automatically screen potential COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We used impulse-radio ultra-wideband radar to detect respiration, heart rate, body movement, sleep quality, and various other physiological indicators. We collected 140 radar monitoring data from 23 COVID-19 patients in Wuhan Tongji Hospital and compared them with 144 radar monitoring data from healthy controls. Then, the XGBoost and logistic regression (XGBoost + LR) algorithms were used to classify the data according to patients and healthy subjects. RESULTS: The XGBoost + LR algorithm demonstrated excellent discrimination (precision = 92.5%, recall rate = 96.8%, AUC = 98.0%), outperforming other single machine learning algorithms. Furthermore, the SHAP value indicates that the number of apneas during REM, mean heart rate, and some sleep parameters are important features for classification. CONCLUSION: The XGBoost + LR-based screening system can accurately predict COVID-19 patients and can be applied in hotels, nursing homes, wards, and other crowded locations to effectively help medical staff.

3.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 213: 106505, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800806

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to develop an effective data-driven methodology for the online monitoring of cancer drug delivery guided by the ultrasonic images. To achieve this goal, effective image quantification and accurate feature extraction play a critical role on image-guided drug delivery (IGDD) monitoring. However, the existing image-guided approaches in such area are mainly focused on the analysis for individual images rather than the image series. In fact, the temporal patterns between consecutive images may contain critical information and it is necessary to be considered in the monitoring analysis. In addition, the conventional approaches, such as the pure intensity-based method, also do not sufficiently consider the effects of noise in the ultrasonic images, which also limits the monitoring sensitivity and accuracy. To address the challenges, this paper proposed a novel multilayer network-enabled IGDD (MNE-IGDD) monitoring approach. The contributions of the proposed method can be summarized into three aspects: (1) formulate the sequential ultrasound images to a multilayer network by the proposed spatial-regularized distance; (2) detect drug delivery area based on community detection algorithm of multilayer network; and (3) quantify the drug delivery progress by incorporating the image intensity-based features with the detected community. Both the detected communities and feature increment percentages are applied as the evaluation metric for validation. A simulation study was conducted and this method was also applied to a real-world mouse colon tumor treatment case study under three temperature conditions. Both simulation and the real-world case studies demonstrated that the proposed method is promising to achieve satisfactory monitoring performance in clinical trials.

4.
Anal Methods ; 13(45): 5516-5522, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750596

RESUMO

Poloxamers are commonly used pharmaceutical excipients. They are high molecular weight polymers formed from polypropylene oxide (PPO) and polyethylene oxide (PEO). However, PL124, a low molecular weight example in the poloxamer family, has rarely been reported, and there is no research into its tissue distribution in the body after administration. In this study, rat tissue samples were quantitatively studied via UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS after the intravenous administration of 10 mg kg-1 PL124. The quantitative method showed good sensitivity and selectivity. The linear range of PL124 was 0.1-5 µg mL-1 and the LLOQ was 0.1 µg mL-1. The relative error in terms of the accuracy was no higher than 13.9%, and the relative standard deviation in terms of the precision was no higher than 9.6%. The extraction recovery, matrix effect, and stability results of the established method were also satisfactory. The research showed that PL124 can be quickly distributed to large amounts of tissue, and tissue with higher levels of blood flow has higher concentrations. PL124 could be rapidly eliminated in 4 h from most organs, except the heart and liver. This study can be helpful for the further analysis of PL124.

5.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794207

RESUMO

Quality control plays a key role in the application of Chinese materia medica, especially in the preparation of traditional Chinese medicine. A pseudotargeted analysis method using an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry that was operated in the sequential window acquisition of all theoretical spectra mode was proposed to explore the chemical markers of traditional Chinese medicine preparation. Full-scan-based untargeted analysis was applied to extract the target ions. After data preprocessing, 302 target ions were extracted and used for the subsequent sequential window acquisition of all theoretical spectra analyses. The established sequential window acquisition of all theoretical spectra-based pseudotargeted approaches exhibited good repeatability and a wide linear range. The established method was successfully applied to discover analytical markers for the Yuanhu Zhitong tablet. After multivariate statistical analysis, 94 potential markers were identified. Ten markers were annotated by matching accurate m/z and product ion information obtained from previous reports. It is clearly indicated that the pseudotargeted analysis could make a great contribution to the quality assessment of traditional Chinese medicine preparation as a newly emerging technique.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(18): 180502, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767431

RESUMO

We report phase-programmable Gaussian boson sampling (GBS) which produces up to 113 photon detection events out of a 144-mode photonic circuit. A new high-brightness and scalable quantum light source is developed, exploring the idea of stimulated emission of squeezed photons, which has simultaneously near-unity purity and efficiency. This GBS is programmable by tuning the phase of the input squeezed states. The obtained samples are efficiently validated by inferring from computationally friendly subsystems, which rules out hypotheses including distinguishable photons and thermal states. We show that our GBS experiment passes a nonclassicality test based on inequality constraints, and we reveal nontrivial genuine high-order correlations in the GBS samples, which are evidence of robustness against possible classical simulation schemes. This photonic quantum computer, Jiuzhang 2.0, yields a Hilbert space dimension up to ∼10^{43}, and a sampling rate ∼10^{24} faster than using brute-force simulation on classical supercomputers.

7.
Nat Chem Biol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782743

RESUMO

Inducer-triggered therapeutic protein expression from designer cells is a promising strategy for disease treatment. However, as most inducer systems harness transcriptional machineries, protein expression timeframes are unsuitable for many therapeutic applications. Here, we engineered a genetic code expansion-based therapeutic system, termed noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs)-triggered therapeutic switch (NATS), to achieve fast therapeutic protein expression in response to cognate ncAAs at the translational level. The NATS system showed response within 2 hours of triggering, whereas no signal was detected in a transcription-machinery-based system. Moreover, NATS system is compatible with transcriptional switches for multi-regulatory-layer control. Diabetic mice with microencapsulated cell implants harboring the NATS system could alleviate hyperglycemia within 90 min on oral delivery of ncAA. We also prepared ncAA-containing 'cookies' and achieved long-term glycemic control in diabetic mice implanted with NATS cells. Our proof-of-concept study demonstrates the use of NATS system for the design of next-generation cell-based therapies to achieve fast orally induced protein expression.

8.
Environ Res ; : 112078, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evidence of childhood asthma hospitalizations associated with temperature variability (TV) and the attributable risk are limited in China. We aim to use a comprehensive index that reflected both intra- and inter-day TV to assess the TV-childhood asthma relationship and disease burden, further to identify seasonality vulnerable populations, and to explore the effect modification of PM2.5. METHODS: A quasi-distributed lagged nonlinear model (DLNM) combined with a linear threshold function was applied to estimate the association between TV and childhood asthma hospitalizations during 2013-2016 in Hefei, China. Subgroup analysis was conducted by age and sex. Disease burden is reflected by the attributable fraction and attributable number. Besides, modifications of PM2.5 were tested by introducing the cross-basis of TV and binary PM2.5 as an interaction term. RESULTS: The risk estimates peaked at TV0-3 and TV0-4 in the cool and the warm season separately, with RR of 1.051 (95%CI: 1.021-1.081) and 1.072 (95%CI: 1.008-1.125), and the effects lasted longer in the cool season. The school-age children in the warm season and all subgroups except pre-school children in the cool season were vulnerable to TV. It is estimated that the disease burden related to TV account for 6.2% (95% CI: 2.7%-9.4%) and 4% (95% CI: 0.6%-7.1%) during the cool and warm seasons in TV0-3. In addition, the risks of TV were higher under the high PM2.5 level compared with the low PM2.5 level in the cool season, although no significant differences between them. CONCLUSIONS: TV exposure significantly increases the risk and disease burden of childhood asthma hospitalizations, especially in the cool season. More medical resources should be allocated to school-age children. Giving priority to pay attention to TV in the cool season in practice could obtain the greatest public health benefits and those days with high TV and high PM2.5 need more attention.

9.
J Clin Nurs ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672033

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of tissue adhesives on perineal wound healing and pain relief in women with perineal trauma during childbirth. BACKGROUND: Due to the high incidence and severe consequences of perineal trauma during childbirth, tissue adhesives are recommended as an alternative to conventional sutures to repair perineal trauma. Although many original studies have explored the effect of tissue adhesives on perineal wound healing and pain relief in women with perineal trauma during childbirth, these studies have differed in participants, interventions and outcomes. Therefore, the effect of tissue adhesives on wound healing and pain relief in perineal trauma during childbirth is inconclusive. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on PRISMA 2020. METHODS: A systematic and comprehensive literature search was conducted. Eight electronic databases, three clinical trial registers, and grey literature were searched from inception to 28th April 2021 and reference lists were also retrieved. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving women with first- or second-degree perineal lacerations or women who underwent episiotomy were included. The intervention was the use of tissue adhesives alone or in combination with sutures. For the outcome indicators of perineal wound healing and pain relief, subgroup analyses based on the extent of perineal trauma and measurement time points were conducted, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 14 RCTs involving 2264 participants were included in this research. The results indicated that for first-degree lacerations, the incidence of wound complications was significantly higher in the tissue adhesives group. In contrast, for episiotomy, the effect of the combination of tissue adhesives and sutures was comparable to that of sutures exclusively. The pooled results revealed that tissue adhesives exerted a positive effect on relieving immediate and short-term perineal pain, but no significant difference was found in the effect of long-term pain relief. Moreover, this review also supported the effect of tissue adhesives in shortening intraoperative repair time and improving clinician-maternal satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The existing evidence illustrates that tissue adhesives effectively promote perineal wound healing and relieve immediate and short-term pain. However, for first-degree lacerations, the increased occurrence of wound complications must be prudently considered when applying tissue adhesives alone, whereas, for episiotomy, the combination of tissue adhesives and sutures may be a promising repair alternative. Future studies are encouraged to adopt long-term effect, adverse effect, and cost-effect analysis as important outcome indicators to comprehensively validate the applicability and generalisability of tissue adhesives. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: For first-degree perineal lacerations, we do not recommend using tissue adhesives alone to repair the wound, given the increased wound complications. While for episiotomy, the combination of tissue adhesives and sutures may be a promising alternative to the use of sutures exclusively. Additionally, the adverse effect and long-term effect of using tissue adhesives alone to repair perineal trauma should be further clarified.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 715222, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675764

RESUMO

Iron regulatory protein 2 (IRP2) deficiency in mice and humans causes microcytic anemia and neurodegeneration due to functional cellular iron depletion. Our previous in vitro data have demonstrated that Irp2 depletion upregulates hypoxia-inducible factor subunits Hif1α and Hif2α expression; inhibition of Hif2α rescues Irp2 ablation-induced mitochondrial dysfunction; and inhibition of Hif1α suppresses the overdose production of lactic acid derived from actively aerobic glycolysis. We wonder whether Hif1α and Hif2α are also elevated in vivo and play a similar role in neurological disorder of Irp2 -/- mice. In this study, we confirmed the upregulation of Hif2α, not Hif1α, in tissues, particularly in the central nervous system including the mainly affected cerebellum and spinal cord of Irp2 -/- mice. Consistent with this observation, inhibition of Hif2α by PT-2385, not Hif1α by PX-478, prevented neurodegenerative symptoms, which were proved by Purkinje cell arrangement from the shrunken and irregular to the full and regular array. PT-2385 treatment did not only modulate mitochondrial morphology and quality in vivo but also suppressed glycolysis. Consequently, the shift of energy metabolism from glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) was reversed. Our results indicate that Irp2 depletion-induced Hif2α is, in vivo, in charge of the switch between OXPHOS and glycolysis, suggesting that, for the first time to our knowledge, Hif2α is a clinically potential target in the treatment of IRP2 deficiency-induced neurodegenerative syndrome.

11.
Opt Express ; 29(19): 29755-29765, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614714

RESUMO

The optical power handling of an OPA scanning beam determines its targeted detection distance. So far, a limited number of investigations have been conducted on the restriction of the beam power. To the best of our knowledge, we for the first time in this paper explore the ability of the silicon photonics based OPA circuit for the high power application. A 64-channel SiN-Si based one-dimensional (1D) OPA chip has been designed to handle high beam power to achieve large scanning range. The chip was fabricated on the standard silicon photonics platform. The main lobe power of our chip can reach 720 mW and its peak side-lobe level (PSLL) is -10.33 dB. We obtain a wide scanning range of 110° in the horizontal direction at 1550 nm wavelength, with a compressed longitudinal divergence angle of each scanning beam of 0.02°.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713403

RESUMO

With the increasing frequency of extreme events caused by global climate change, the association between extreme precipitation (EP) and disease has aroused concern currently. However, no study has examined the relationship between EP and schizophrenia. Our study aimed to explore the relationship between EP and schizophrenia, and to further examine the difference between urban and rural areas. This study used quasi-Poisson generalized linear regression model combined with distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) to estimate the association between EP (≥ 95th percentile) and hospitalization for schizophrenia from 2010 to 2019 in the city of Lu'an, China. EP could significantly increase the risk of hospitalization for schizophrenia. The effect firstly appeared at lag1 [relative risk (RR): 1.056, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.003-1.110] and continued until lag17 (RR: 1.039, 95%CI: 1.004-1.075). Our research showed that EP had a significant effect on the hospitalization for schizophrenia in both urban and rural areas, and no significant difference was found (p>0.05). EP exerted more acute effects on schizophrenia living in rural areas than those in urban areas in the cold season. Further studies on the burden of schizophrenia found that patients who are male, aged ≤ 39 years or less, and living in urban areas are a priority for future warnings. We should pay more attention to the impact of EP on burden of schizophrenia, especially during the cold season, targeting those vulnerable groups, thereby implementing more accurate and timely preventive measures.

13.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5265, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648212

RESUMO

Poloxamer (PL)188 is a commonly used pharmaceutical excipient with unique physicochemical properties. In this study, an MSALL quantitative method for the determination of PL188 in rat plasma by UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS was developed and validated. PL188 was analyzed on PLRP-S reversed-phase column (50 × 4.6 mm, 8 µm, 1,000 Å) with mobile phase 0.1% formic acid-water and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile-isopropanol (2:3, v/v). The liner range was 0.1-10.0 µg/ml. A pharmacokinetic study was performed on rats at a dose of 5 mg/kg by intravenous injection. The pharmacokinetic parameters of intravenous injection were as follows: half-life was 2.0 ± 1.1 h, volume of distribution was 5.1 ± 3.2 L/kg, area under the concentration-time curve was 3.0 ± 0.6 µg/L h and clearance was 1.7 ± 0.3 L/h/kg. The results indicated that PL188 could be rapidly distributed to tissues with a high clearance rate. This study can provide a good reference for the further study of PL188.

14.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(34): 6818-6824, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612332

RESUMO

This work reports a photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing platform for the sensitive and specific screening of thrombin by using graphene oxide-coated copper-doped zinc oxide quantum dots (Cu0.3Zn0.7O-GO QDs) as the photoactive materials and glucose oxidase-encapsulated DNA nanoflowers (GOx-DFs) for signal amplification. Interestingly, the coated graphene oxide nanosheets on the surface of the Cu0.3Zn0.7O QDs could cause the charge to transfer rapidly and ameliorate the photocorrosion. The doped copper into the quantum dots could enhance the absorption of visible light by tuning the band gap of ZnO QDs, therefore increasing the photocurrent under visible irradiation. Upon addition of target thrombin, a sandwiched reaction was carried out between thrombin aptamer and GOx-DFs, accompanying the formation of nanocomposites with the magnetic microparticles (MMPs)/thrombin/GOx-DFs. Followed by magnetic separation, the carried GOx oxidized glucose to H2O2, thus resulting in the increasing photocurrent of the Cu0.3Zn0.7O-GO QD-modified electrode. Under optimum conditions, the developed PEC biosensing platform exhibited good analytical performance with a linear range of 50-10 000 fM thrombin and a limit of detection of 29 fM. Impressively, our strategy offers a new horizon in developing bridge-connected graphene-coated nanomaterials and novel signal amplification strategy for the development of PEC biosensors.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 60(22): 17325-17338, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702028

RESUMO

The construction of efficient and stable heterojunction photocatalysts with a controllable close contact interface and visible-light response is a challenging research topic in the field of photocatalysis. Herein, a series of BiOCl/rutile-TiO2 (R-TiO2) nanorod heterojunctions were constructed using R-TiO2 nanorods as supporting frameworks followed by selective adsorption of Cl- on R-TiO2(110) facets and in situ growth of BiOCl on the surface of TiO2 nanorods. The strong affinity of rhodamine B (RhB) as a photosensitizer for BiOCl allowed the prepared BiOCl/R-TiO2 heterojunctions to work efficiently under visible-light irradiation. The dye-sensitized BiOCl/R-TiO2 nanorod heterojunctions displayed promising photocatalytic performance for simultaneously treating RhB and the persistent organic pollutant 2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (DNBP). The highly enhanced photodegradation activity of the BiOCl/R-TiO2 system was mainly attributed to the efficient RhB-photosensitization effect, the enhanced heterojunction effect, and the suitable conduction band match between BiOCl and R-TiO2, which facilitated electron transfer from the excited RhB to the catalyst surface and charge separation across the BiOCl/R-TiO2 interface, thus promoting the formation of •O2- and h+ as dominant active species in the reaction system for degradation of pollutants. The results demonstrate that the construction of a dye-sensitized BiOCl/R-TiO2 heterojunction system is an effective strategy for improving the photocatalytic potential.

16.
Nat Chem ; 13(12): 1235-1240, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663918

RESUMO

Layered materials have attracted tremendous interest for accessing two-dimensional structures. Materials such as graphite or transition metal dichalcogenides, in which the layers are held together by van der Waals interactions, can be exfoliated through a variety of processes in a manner that retains the structure and composition of the monolayers, but this has proven difficult for solids with stronger interlayer interactions. Here, we demonstrate the exfoliation of AgCrS2, a member of the AMX2 family (where A is a monovalent metal, M is a trivalent metal and X is a chalcogen), through intercalation with tetraalkylammonium cations, chosen for their suitable redox potential. The as-exfoliated nanosheets consist of Ag layers sandwiched between two CrS2 layers, similar to their structure in the bulk. They show superionic behaviour at room temperature, with an ionic conductivity of 33.2 mS cm-1 at 298 K that originates from Ag+ ions rapidly hopping between neighbouring tetrahedral interstices; in the bulk, this behaviour is only observed above 673 K.

17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 667750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490237

RESUMO

Transcription factor EB (TFEB) is a member of the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor/transcription factor E (MiTF/TFE) family and critically involved in the maintenance of structural integrity and functional balance of multiple cells. In this review, we described the effects of post-transcriptional modifications, including phosphorylation, acetylation, SUMOylation, and ubiquitination, on the subcellular localization and activation of TFEB. The activated TFEB enters into the nucleus and induces the expressions of targeted genes. We then presented the role of TFEB in the biosynthesis of multiple organelles, completion of lysosome-autophagy pathway, metabolism regulation, immune, and inflammatory responses. This review compiles existing knowledge in the understanding of TFEB regulation and function, covering its essential role in response to cellular stress. We further elaborated the involvement of TFEB dysregulation in the pathophysiological process of various diseases, such as the catabolic hyperactivity in tumors, the accumulation of abnormal aggregates in neurodegenerative diseases, and the aberrant host responses in inflammatory diseases. In this review, multiple drugs have also been introduced, which enable regulating the translocation and activation of TFEB, showing beneficial effects in mitigating various disease models. Therefore, TFEB might serve as a potential therapeutic target for human diseases. The limitation of this review is that the mechanism of TFEB-related human diseases mainly focuses on its association with lysosome and autophagy, which needs deep description of other mechanism in diseases progression after getting more advanced information.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is one of the early pathological manifestations of cancer cachexia. This change in quality and function has a general and special impact on the prognosis of many types of tumors. However, there are few studies to evaluate the overall impact of sarcopenia on the prognosis of gynecological tumors in sufficient follow-up period. METHODS: This study systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, web of science, and MEDLINE databases for related studies and related references since April 15, 2021. The 1-year, 5-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), hazard ratio (HR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were analyzed by Stata 14.0.(CRD 42021236036). RESULTS: A total of 23 observational studies involving 3495 female patients were included in the analysis, with an average prevalence of 46.9% (38.5%-55.3%). Meta-analysis showed that the 1-year OS (RR: 1.60, 95% CI = [1.04, 2.46]) of patients with sarcopenia was significantly lower than that of patients without sarcopenia, and then this effect gradually decreased. The results showed that sarcopenia was an independent predictor of OS (HR: 1.78, 95% CI = [1.38, 2.30]) and PFS (HR: 1.32, 95% CI = [1.02, 1.70]) in gynecological cancer patients. Subgroup analysis showed that sarcopenia was significant in Asian population (HR: 1.93, 95% CI = [1.18, 3.17]) and cervical cancer patients (HR: 5.07, 95% CI = [2.82, 9.56]). CONCLUSION: The survival and recurrence outcome of patients with sarcopenia independently related to surgery, and its impact is very obvious in the short term. In addition, Asian participants with sarcopenia face a greater risk of death than Western participants.

19.
Anal Chem ; 93(39): 13389-13397, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554727

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of cancers relies on the sensitive detection of specific biomarkers, but most of the current testing methods are inaccessible to home healthcare due to cumbersome steps, prolonged testing time, and utilization of toxic and hazardous substances. Herein, we developed a portable self-powered photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing platform for rapid detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA, as a model disease-related protein) by integrating a self-powered photoelectric signal output system catalyzed with chemiluminescence-functionalized Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) and a phosphomolybdic acid (PMA)-based photochromic visualization platform. TiO2-g-C3N4-PMA photosensitive materials were first synthesized and functionalized on a sensor chip. The sensor consisted of filter paper modified with a photocatalytic material and a regional laser-etched FTO electrode as an alternative to a conventional PEC sensor with a glass-based electrode. The targeting system involved a monoclonal anti-PSA capture antibody-functionalized Fe3O4 magnetic bead (mAb1-MB) and a polyclonal anti-PSA antibody (pAb2)-N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol-AuNP (ABEI-AuNP). Based on the signal intensity of the chemiluminescent system, the photochromic device color changed from light yellow to heteropoly blue through the PMA photoelectric materials integrated into the electrode for visualization of the signal output. In addition, the electrical signal in the PEC system was amplified by a sandwich-type capacitor and readout on a handheld digital multimeter. Under optimum conditions, the sensor exhibited high sensitivity relative to PSA in the range of 0.01-50 ng mL-1 with a low detection limit of 6.25 pg mL-1. The flow-through chemiluminescence reactor with a semiautomatic injection device and magnetic separation was avoid of unstable light source intensity inherent in the chemiluminescence process. Therefore, our strategy provides a new horizon for point-of-care analysis and rapid cost-effective clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ouro , Imunoensaio
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44983-44990, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503334

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal is a promising anode for high-energy-density batteries, but its practical applications are severely hindered by side reactions and dendrite growth at the electrode/electrolyte interfaces. Herein, we propose that the problems can be effectively solved by introducing an interlayer. The interlayer is composed of a trifluorophenyl-modified poly(ethylene imine) network cross-linked by dynamic imine bonding (PEI-3F). The trifluorophenyl moieties of the interlayer can coordinate with Li+, which enables the interlayer to adjust the distribution of Li+ at the electrode/electrolyte interface, while the imine bonding endows the interlayer with self-healing capability. The resulting Li anodes exhibit excellent cycling stability (250 cycles in asymmetric Li||Cu cells) and dendrite-free morphologies. A lithium sulfur (Li-S) cell that uses anodes shows a retention rate of 91% after 100 cycles with a high sulfur loading (5 mg cm-2). This study provides a novel strategy to concern the intrinsic drawbacks of a lithium metal anode, which can be extended to other light-metal electrodes aiming for high energy-density batteries.

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