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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(5): 056402, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32083898

RESUMO

Topological nodal-line semimetals with exotic quantum properties are characterized by symmetry-protected line-contact bulk band crossings in the momentum space. However, in most of identified topological nodal-line compounds, these topological nontrivial nodal lines are enclosed by complicated topological trivial states at the Fermi energy (E_{F}), which would perplex their identification and hinder further applications. Utilizing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first-principles calculations, we provide compelling evidence for the existence of Dirac nodal-line fermions in the monoclinic semimetal SrAs_{3}, which possesses a simple nodal loop in the vicinity of E_{F} without the distraction from complicated trivial Fermi surfaces. Our calculations revealed that two bands with opposite parities were inverted around Y near E_{F}, resulting in the single nodal loop at the Γ-Y-S plane with a negligible spin-orbit coupling effect. The band crossings were tracked experimentally and the complete nodal loop was identified quantitatively, which provide a critical experimental support for the existence of nodal-line fermions in the CaP_{3} family of materials. Hosting simple topological nontrivial bulk electronic states around E_{F} and without complication from the trivial states, SrAs_{3} is expected to be a potential platform for topological quantum state investigation and applications.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(3): 1-6, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064856

RESUMO

In December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spread rapidly across the country. In the early stages of the epidemic, China adopted the containment strategy and implemented a series of core measures around this strategic point, including social mobilization, strengthening case isolation and close contacts tracking management, blocking epidemic areas and traffic control to reduce personnel movements and increase social distance, environmental measures and personal protection, with a view to controlling the epidemic as soon as possible in limited areas such as Wuhan. This article summarizes the background, key points and core measures in the country and provinces. It sent prospects for future prevention and control strategies.

3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 59-63, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023756

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between plasma coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) and bleeding events. Methods: A total of 55 cases of acute leukemia (AL) at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy hospitalized in our hospital from August 2017 to March 2018 were enrolled, with 35 normal controls. The concentration of plasma coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) was detected by ELISA to determine the relationship between the plasma FXIII levels in AL patients at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy with bleeding events. Results: The level of FXIII in AL patients at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy was significantly lower than that in controls (P<0.001) . The level of FXIII was inversely related with the bleeding severity (the Spearman correlation coefficient -0.761) . Given the diagnosis cut-off point of FXIII concentration as 103.9 µg/L, the sensitivity of diagnosing bleeding in AL patients at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy was 0.939, and the specificity 0.909. Conclusion: AL patients at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy had low level of plasma FXIII, and patients with lower plasma FXIII associated with higher incidence and severity of bleeding. FXIII level was an independent influencing factor of bleeding in AL patients at the myelosuppression phase after chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Doença Aguda , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator XIII , Deficiência do Fator XIII , Hemorragia , Humanos
4.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793152

RESUMO

Euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica Oliv.) has heteromorphic leaves including strip, lanceolate, ovate, and broad-ovate leaves from base to top in the mature canopy. To clarify how diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree height affect the functional characteristics of all kinds of heteromorphic leaves, we measured the morphological anatomical structure and physiological indices of five crown heteromorphic leaves of P. euphratica at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 m from the same site. We also analysed the relationships between morphological structures and physiological characteristics of heteromorphic leaves and DBH and the height of heteromorphic leaves. The results showed that the number of abnormalities regarding blade width, leaf area, leaf thickness, leaf mass per area, cuticle layer thickness, palisade tissue thickness, and palisade tissue/sponge tissue ratio increased with size order and sampling height gradient. Net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, instantaneous water use efficiency, stable delta carbon isotope ratio, proline and malondialdehyde (MDA) content increased with DBH and sampling height. By contrast, blade length, leaf shape index, and intercellular CO2 concentration decreased with the increase in path order and sampling height gradient. Although MDA content and leaf sponge thickness were not correlated with DBH or sampling height, other morphological structure and physiological parameters were significantly correlated with these variables. In addition, correlations were found among leaf morphology, anatomical structure, and physiological index parameters indicating that they changed with path order and tree height gradient. The differences in the morphology, anatomic structure and physiological characteristics of the heteromorphic leaves ofP. euphratica are related to ontogenesis stage and coronal position.

5.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 837-842, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795545

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the potential risk factors for the death of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy during perioperative periods. Methods: A total of 71 patients, including 64 males and 7 females, aged from 35 to 72 years old, with hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal carcinoma, who underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction after pharyngoesophagectomy between October 2008 and October 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Seventeen factors which may have potential influence on the mortality of patients during perioperative periods were evaluated by single factor Logistic regression analysis, and then those factors with obvious difference in statistics were further analyzed by multi-factor Logistic regression. Results: The rate of perioperative mortality was 9.9% (7/71). Single factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that the age of patients, abnormal electrocardiogram, TNM stages, alanine aminotransferase and D-Dimer changes, postoperative bleeding were risk factors for the death of patients(P values were 0.023, 0.004, 0.026, 0.021, 0.015 and 0.002, respectively). Multi-factor Logistic regression showed that postoperative bleeding and D-Dimer changes were 2 independent risk factors for perioperative death(P=0.021 and 0.047, respectively). Conclusions: Many potential factors may affect the perioperative mortality of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy. Postoperative bleeding and significantly elevated D-Dimer level were independent risk factors for the death of patients, indicating poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Esôfago/cirurgia , Faringectomia/mortalidade , Faringe/cirurgia , Estômago/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 968-972, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607039

RESUMO

Vaccination is the best intervention to prevent influenza and its complications. Effective influenza immunization strategy facilitates influenza vaccine coverage to protect the population and reduce disease burden. This paper analyzes related influenza policies from six countries with high vaccination rates and summarizes five common key elements of them. Additionally, we propose the proper immunization strategy of influenza vaccine in China.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , China , Humanos , Imunização , Vacinação
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1007-1011, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607046

RESUMO

Objective: We planned to evaluate the effectiveness of moving epidemic method (MEM) in calculating influenza epidemic threshold of 7 climatic zones in China mainland. Methods: The positive rate of influenza virus was obtained from the National Influenza Surveillance Network System from 2010/2011 to 2017/2018. We divided the 31 provinces into 7 climatic zones according to previous literatures and applied MEM to calculate the influenza epidemic threshold of 2018/2019 influenza season for these climatic zones. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated to evaluate the effectiveness of MEM. Results: Pre-epidemic threshold (the positive rate of influenza virus) varied from 9.66% (temperate zone) to 16.36% (subtropical zone) for 2018/2019 influenza season. The gap between pre-epidemic and post-epidemic thresholds was less than 5% except for plateau zone. The sensitivity was 86.16% (95CI:66.81%-98.23%), the specificity was 94.92% (95CI: 91.13%-98.41%), the positive predictive value was 89.87% (95%CI: 84.39%-94.38%), the negative predictive value was 92.96% (95%CI: 84.46%-99.17%). Conclusion: Overall, moving epidemic Method performs well in calculating influenza epidemic threshold in China, much better than the previous study.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Orthomyxoviridae , China/epidemiologia , Clima , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1043-1048, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607053

RESUMO

Objectives: To understand the status of studies about influenza economic burden in mainland China and summarize their major results. Methods: The words of influenza, flu, cost, economic, burden, effectiveness, benefit, utility, China, and Chinese, were used as search keywords. Journal papers published during 2000-2018 were searched from Chinese electronic databases (CNKI and Wanfang) and English electronic databases (PubMed, Web of science, EconLit and Cochrane Library). The language of literature was restricted to Chinese and English. A total of 23 effective documents were included, and the descriptive characteristics, research indexes and methods included in the literature were analyzed. The monetary unit used in this review is Chinese Yuan (CNY). Results: The 23 study sites were mainly in the relatively developed and populous regions. The total cost per capita of laboratory-confirmed influenza,of all age-group was reported in 6 literatures, and only 4 literatures reported it in out-patients (range: 768.0-999.9 CNY), Only one study reported this indicator in inpatients (9 832.0 CNY). One literature reported the total cost per capita of influenza-like illness,, which was 205.1 CNY. And one literature reported that the direct medical cost of inpatients per capita in children under 5 years of age was 6 072.0 CNY while two literature reported this index for the elderly over 60 years of age, ranging from 14 250.0 to 19 349.1 CNY. Four articles reported the economic burden of influenza in urban and rural areas, one of which showed that the related expenses of urban influenza inpatients accounted for 31% of the average annual income, while which for the rural flow was 113%. Conclusion: The average economic burden of lab-confirmed influenza case is higher than that of influenza-like illness, and there are differences in outpatient indirect expenses and inpatients direct medical expenses. The direct medical burden for the hospitalized 60-years-and-beyond influenza case group is heavier thar other age group. By region, the influenza associated individual economic burden in rural area is higher than that of urban area..


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Renda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(10): 1049-1055, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607054

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically review the mortality burden study of influenza in mainland China. Method: "influenza", "flu", "H1N1", "pandemic", "mortality", "death", "fatality", "burden", "China" and "Chinese" were used as keywords, and a systematic literature search was conducted to identify articles in three English databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Embase) and three Chinese database (CNKI, WanFang and VIP) during 1990-2018 (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan). The language of literature was restricted to Chinese and English. The inclusion criteria were human-oriented researches with method based on population, and research indexes included mortality and excess mortality. The exclusion criteria were non-primary research materials, predictive research and research on the burden of avian influenza related deaths. A total of 17 literatures were included, and the basic information to descriptive characteristics, methodology of modeling and the corresponding results were extracted. Results: All the 17 studies adopted indirect statistical models, with 14 of which adopted the regression model, and all the research index was excess mortality. All causes (16 studies), respiratory and circulatory diseases (14 studies) and pneumonia and influenza (10 studies) were the main causes of death associated with influenza. Influenza associated mortality burden in the elderly was higher, with the lowest excess mortality rates of all causes, respiratory and circulatory diseases, pneumonia and influenza being 49.57, 30.80 and 0.69 per 100 000 people, and the highest rates being 228.16, 170.20 and 30.35 per 100 000 people, respectively. In the non-elderly, the corresponding lowest rates were -0.27, -0.08 and 0.04 per 100 000 people respectively, and the highest rates were 3.63, 2.6 and 0.91 per 100 000 people, respectively. The influenza-related excess mortality was higher in the north, with a minimum of 7.8 per 100 000 and a maximum of 18.0 per 100 000, and slightly lower in the south, with a minimum of 6.11 per 100 000 and a maximum of 18.7 per 100 000. There were also differences in deaths caused by different influenza virus subtypes, with influenza A(H3N2) and influenza B virus possibly posing a heavier mortality burden. Conclusions: Studies on influenza mortality burden is mainly based on indirect model and urban level in China. The mortality burden of influenza in the elderly, the northern and subtype A(H3N2) and B were more severe.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana , Idoso , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Vírus da Influenza B
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1150-1154, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594163

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of human brucellosis and trace back source of infection of human brucellosis in Hunan province during 2010-2018, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of human brucellosis. Methods: The surveillance data of human brucellosis in Hunan during 2010-2018 were analyzed with software Excel 2016 and ArcGIS 10.5, the epidemic characteristics were described using cases number, constituent ratio and rate. The conventional biotype methods were used for the identification of Brucella species, UTS-PCR was applied to further confirm the results from conventional biotype detections, then six virulence genes of two clinical Brucella strains were detected by PCR assay. Cluster analysis of two Brucella strains were performed with Multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) for the investigation of the infection source of human brucellosis. Results: From 2010 to 2018, a total of 728 human brucellosis cases were reported in Hunan with the annual incidence rate of 0.12/100 000. The incidence rate was 2.50/100 000 in Chenzhou and 1.90/100 000 in Yongzhou, higher than those in other areas. The number of counties reporting cases increased from 5 in 2010 to 69 in 2018. Most cases were reported in age group 45-54 years, accounting for 38.32% (279/728). The cases in farmers accounted for 59.07% (430/728) of the total. The male to female ratio of the cases was 2.75 ∶ 1. The reported case number was highest during May-July, accounting for 45.33% (330/728). The incidence was high in summer and autumn, and the peak was in May. The conventional identification showed that two strains were all Brucella melitensis biovar 1, consistent with UTS-PCR amplification results. Six virulence genes were found in two isolated strains, suggesting that the Brucella melitensis strains in this study had strong virulence. MLVA results confirmed that two strains detected in Hunan had complete identical MLVA-16 genotype with strains isolated from goat and camel in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, indicating that there was molecular epidemiology relationship between these strains and the source of infection were originated from Inner Mongolia. Conclusions: The epidemic of human brucellosis in Hunan is becoming serious, and disease has spread to general population and non-epidemic areas. Two Brucella melitensis strains detected in Hunan were originated from Inner Mongolia. The quarantine and inspection in animal transportation should be strengthened to prevent human outbreaks of brucellosis.


Assuntos
Brucelose/epidemiologia , Animais , Brucella/isolamento & purificação , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições Minissatélites , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus
13.
Br Poult Sci ; 60(6): 790-797, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542936

RESUMO

1. Poultry meat quality is affected by many factors, among which intramuscular fat (IMF) is predominant. IMF content affects tenderness, juiciness and flavour of meat. Krüppel-like transcriptional factors (KLFs) are important regulators of adipocyte differentiation. However, little is known about the KLF9 gene associated with poultry IMF deposition, especially intramuscular adipocyte differentiation.2. Previous work has shown that chicken KLF9 was differentially expressed during adipogenesis of intramuscular preadipocytes differentiation. In this study, the function of KLF9 in chicken intramuscular preadipocytes differentiation was investigated.3. In the chicken preadipocyte differentiation model, KLF9 expression showed a major increase with adipogenic induction. Overexpression of KLF9 down-regulated the expression of the adipogenic marker gene AP2, and impaired triglyceride accumulation. Knockdown of KLF9 in chicken intramuscular preadipocytes increased the expression of PPARG, CEBPA and AP2. In addition, it was proposed that KLF9 may regulate adipogenesis via lncRNAs NONGGAT002209.2, NONGGAT003346.2, NONGGAT000436.2 and NONGGAT006302.2 in chicken.4. The data supported a novel role of KLF9 in regulating chicken intramuscular preadipocyte differentiation. Such findings may contribute to a more thorough understanding of chicken IMF deposition and the improvement of poultry meat quality.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495126

RESUMO

A farm worker in Baodi District of Tianjin was diagnosed with Tsutsugamushi disease due to fever and intermittent cough for more than 3 months.The patient's diagnosis and treatment process was complicated, and the diagnosis was delayed in the early stage of the disease because the clinician neglected the occupational history and lacked knowledge about the prevention and control of tsutsugamushi disease. As an important part of the epidemiological history, occupational history is crucial for the diagnosis of occupational related diseases. Clinical thinking runs through the whole process of clinical diagnosis and disease treatment, and correct clinical thinking can effectively reduce the occurrence of misdiagnosis.Clinicians should ask and record career history in detail to improve the quality of health care.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio , Exposição Ocupacional , Tifo por Ácaros/diagnóstico , Humanos , Anamnese , Competência Profissional
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(7): 513-516, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269613

RESUMO

As the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) have been widely promoted and applied in clinical practice,reasonable nutrition intervention strategy has been paid more and more attention. The whole-process nutrition management strategy has been optimized based on the ERAS concept,which mainly includes key points such as pre-operative nutrition screening and nutrition assessment,perioperative nutrition treatment,and post-discharge nutritional support. With more and more research evidences,the ERAS strategy would be more detailed and complete. Further nutrition-related high-quality researches is necessary to provide evidence support,aiming to establish a standardized,ERAS-optimized,whole-process nutrition management pathway.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Terapia Nutricional/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Humanos , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Apoio Nutricional , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262109

RESUMO

Objective: There is no effective therapy for patients with advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Vandetanib,a novel multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has previously shown antitumor activity in phase Ⅱ studies of patients with advanced MTC. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of vandetanib on advanced MTC. Methods: This study was an open, international multi-center phase Ⅲ clinical trial and the study number was NCT01298323. The single-center study was a sub-group analysis of the international study, which was conducted on 9 pathologically confirmed advanced MTC patients by Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between March 2012 and October 2017. Vandetanib (300 mg) was orally administered daily till death or withdrawal. The efficacy was evaluated according to RECIST criteria and the adverse events were evaluated according to NCI criteria. Results: The objective response rate was 3/9,and the disease control rate was 4/9. The median progression-free survival was 44 months. All patients who had the elevated levels of calcitonin (CTN) and carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) before treatment began to show the decreases in the level of CTN and CEA after 3 months and later showed again the increases in the levels of both tumor markers with tumor progression. By ROC curve analysis, CTN was of statistically significance(P<0.05, 95%CI 0.558-0.834), but CEA was not(P>0.05). Adverse events were generally mild (grade 1 or 2),including hypertension (9 cases),skin rash (9 cases), and diarrhea (6 cases). Two patients developed grade 3 elevation of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and one patient developed grade 3 elevation of drug-related bowel disease. No grade 4 drug-related adverse event occurred. Conclusions: Vandetanib is effective and well tolerated for patients with locally advanced or metastatic MTC who have no chance for surgery. This indicates the increase of CTN is clinically relevant to disease progression, but the number of patients are extremely low, and, therefore further research is needed. Long-term use of vandetanib may cause resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Medular/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Carcinoma Medular/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(6): 429-434, 2019 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216828

RESUMO

Objective: To predict the tumor neoantigen peptides in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and examine their specific immune effects against the tumor cells without injury to normal cells. Methods: The data of whole-genome sequencing and exome sequencing of HCC tumor and matched non-tumor liver tissues were analyzed to confirm the HCC-associated somatic mutations. Based on the HLA phenotype of the patients, we used NetMHC software to predict the neoantigen epitopes with high binding affinity to their MHC-I molecules. The predicted peptides with mutation sites included were synthesized. GPL10687 platform was applied to examine the gene expression difference between tumor and normal tissues of the selected genes in GSE25097, one of the GEO databases. The quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-qPCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to confirm the expressions in tumors and normal tissues of the selected genes. By using the predicted peptides, we induced the generation of antigen-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and examined their specific effects against tumor cells. Results: The mutation frequency of TP53 (tumor protein p53) was 40%, and LAMA3 (Laminin Subunit Alpha 3) was 8% in the analyzed HCC tissues. In GSE25097 database, TP53 and LAMA3 mRNA levels in tumors were 1.57±0.02 and 1.37±0.10, which were significantly increased than those in matched no-tumor tissue (0.54±0.01 and 0.36±0.01, P<0.05). The differences of expression levels of TP53 and LAMA3 in tumor and no-tumor tissues were validated by using qRT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry in 10 HCC tissues. The mRNA levels of TP53 and LAMA3 in tumors were 0.24±0.03 and 0.13±0.06, which were significantly elevated than those in matched no-tumor tissue (0.11±0.01 and 0.01±0.01, P<0.05). Among the Chinese population, HLA-A2 and HLA-A11 and HLA-A24 accounted for 70%, representing the major MHC-I molecules. The CTLs induced by predicted peptides showed cytotoxicity to the targets pulsed with mutated peptide, with no effect on the target pulsed with normal peptide and on normal cells. Conclusions: TP53 and LAMA3 existed relative higher mutation frequency in HCC, and expressed higher in tumor tissues. The induced CTLs by predicted peptides derived from mutation-associated protein could specific kill the target cells without injury to normal cells.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Antígeno HLA-A2 , Humanos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137103

RESUMO

Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is the most frequently diagnosed thyroid cancer. With the development of the imaging technology and fine needle aspiration, early diagnosis rate of DTC is increasing. Most patients have favorable prognosis for DTC's low-invasion. TNM staging is more widely used for predicting mortality than predicting recurrence. In 2008, it was suggested that recurrence risks for DTC should be assessed based on the results of dynamic monitoring treatment response. The validity of dynamic risk stratification (DRS) has been supported by different researches in various countries and DRS is recommended in 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines. Long-term DRS in patients with DTC make individual management possible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
19.
Br Poult Sci ; 60(4): 449-456, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957519

RESUMO

1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different starch sources (corn, wheat, and rice) on the blood glucose level, glycogen content of liver and muscle, expression of GSK-3ß and FAS mRNA, abdominal fat weight and abdominal fat deposition in broiler chickens. 2. A total of 360, one-day-old AA (Arbor Acres) broiler chickens were randomly assigned to three treatment groups, each with six replicates, consisting of 20 chickens per replicate, and fed either a corn-, wheat- or rice-based diet for 21 days. The chickens were then subdivided into groups A and B, and the chickens in these two subgroups were processed or sampled for 28 days, respectively. 3. The results indicated that post-prandial time significantly affected the glucose concentration, glycogen content in the liver and breast muscle and expression of GSK-3ß and FAS mRNAs (P < 0.05). The expression of the GSK-3ß gene in the chicken liver of the corn-based diet group was higher (P < 0.05) than that in the wheat-based diet group, and the expression of the FAS gene in the corn-based diet group was lower (P < 0.05) than that in the wheat-based and rice-based diet groups. Abdominal fat weight and deposition in the corn-based diet group were lower than those of the wheat-based and rice-based diet groups, but these differences were not significant (P > 0.05). 4. The results suggested that the efficiency of glucose absorption in animals might have an effect on the fat deposition efficiency in the liver and that diets with different starch sources might affect fat deposition in chickens.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Galinhas/fisiologia , Gorduras/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio/química , Amido/administração & dosagem , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dieta/veterinária , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/química , Músculos/química , Amido/classificação
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(4): 282-287, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014053

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the ability of computed-tomography (CT) radiomic features to predict the Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status and the therapeutic response of advanced lung adenocarcinoma to EGFR- Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) treatment. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 253 patients diagnosed as advanced lung adenocarcinoma, who underwent EGFR mutation detection, and those with EGFR sensitive mutation were treated with TKIs. Using the Lasso regression model and the 10 fold cross-validation method, the radiomic features of predicted EGFR mutation status and the screening of TKIs for sensitive populations were obtained. 715 radiomic features were extracted from unenhanced, arterial phase and venous phase, respectively. Results: The area under curve (AUC) values of the multi-phases including unenhanced, arterial phase and venous phase of the EGFR mutation status validation group were 0.763, 0.807 and 0.808, respectively. The number of radiomic features extracted from the multi-phases were 5, 18 and 23, respectively, which could distinguish the EGFR mutation status. The AUC values of the multi-phases of the EGFR-TKIs sensitive validation group were 0.730, 0.833 and 0.895, respectively. The number of radiomic features extracted from the multi-phases were 3, 7 and 22, respectively, which can be used to screen the superior population for TKIs treatment. The efficiency of radiomic features extracted from venous phase in predicting EGFR mutant status and EGFR-TKIs sensitivity was significantly superior than those of unenhanced and arterial phase. Conclusions: The radiomic features of CT scanning can be used as the radiomics biomarker to predict the EGFR mutation status of lung adenocarcinoma and to further screen the dominant population in TKIs therapy, which provides the basis for targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Genes erbB-1/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Área Sob a Curva , Receptores ErbB , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
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