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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(11): 864-867, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234160

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the accuracy and safety of ultrasound-guided puncture biopsy and enhanced MRI in the diagnosis of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) negative liver occupying lesions. Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 59 patients with liver occupying lesions who were admitted to the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from February 2015 to November 2017 and received ultrasound-guided coarse needle biopsy with AFP negative. Among them, 35 cases were males and 24 cases were females, the age range was from 25 to 67 years,with an average age of (51±3) years. Serum AFP in all patients were within the normal range. The difference between the pathological results of ultrasound-guided biopsy and the diagnosis of lesions by enhanced MRI was compared, and the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided biopsy was analyzed. Meanwhile, complications during and after puncture were recorded. SPSS 24.0 software was used for statistical analysis.The measurement data were expressed as x±s and enumeration data were expressed as rate,if the P value was less than 0.05, it indicated that the difference was statistically significant. Results: There were 32 malignant cases and 27 benign cases based on the final pathological diagnosis. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound-guided needle biopsy were 100%, in contrast, the enhanced MRI was 96.9% and 81.5%, respectively, with the former significantly higher than the latter. There were no abdominal bleeding,infections and pneumothoraxduring and after the puncture. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided puncture biopsy and enhanced MRI are both safe for the diagnosis of AFP negative liver occupying lesions,but the former is more sensitive than the latter.When the clinical symptoms of the patient are relatively mild and there is uncertainty in the diagnosis due to the lack of specific enhanced imaging, ultrasound-guided puncture is more conducive to identifying the nature of the lesion.

2.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 248-251, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192303

RESUMO

Some studies have demonstrated promising results of watch and wait (W&W) approaches in carefully selected patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who get a clinical complete response (cCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). This approach of organ- preservation helps patients avoid surgery and its related morbidity and mortality. nCRT will lead to the regression of the tumor cells and the uneven distribution of the residual tumor cells. The reliability of biopsy is still unsatisfactory in W&W strategy due to the high ratio of false negative cases. Therefore, the patients with negative histopathological assessment should also receive a strict follow-up. In the future, immune microenvironment and molecular markers, patient derived organoid, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating cell-free nucleic acids (cfDNA) may be helpful for screening and monitoring patients undergoing W&W.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral , Conduta Expectante
3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 258-265, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192305

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of watch and wait strategy and organ preservation surgery after total neoadjuvant treatment for MRI stratified low-risk rectal cancer. Methods: A prospective single arm phase Ⅱ trial developed at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute was preliminarily analyzed. Subjects were enrolled from August 2016 to January 2019. Low-risk rectal cancer with following MRI features were recruited: mid-low tumor, mrT2-3b, MRF (-), EMVI (-), CRM (-), differentiation grade 1-3. Patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 50.6 Gy/22f with concurrent capecitabine and 4 cycles of consolidation CAPEOX. Patients with cCR/near-cCR confirmed by physical examination, rectal MRI, endoscopy, and serum CEA were recommended for watch & wait approach or local excision (LE). The main study outcomes were 2-year organ preservation rate (OPR) and sphincter preservation rate (SPR). Results: Thirty-eight patients were eligible for analysis, including 24 males and 14 females with median age of 56 years; 9 cases of mrT2 (23.7%), 14 cases of mrT3a (36.8%) and 15 cases of mrT3b (39.5%); 5 cases of well differentiated adenocarcinoma (13.2%), 32 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (84.2%) and 1 case of mucinous adenocarcinoma (2.6%). Carcinoemobryonic antigen (CEA) was elevated before treatment in 1 case. One case (2.6%) of grade 3 radiation dermatitis occurred during IMRT; 18 cases (47.4%) occurred grade 3 to 4 adverse events during consolidation chemotherapy. After total neoadjuvant treatment, the cCR and near-cCR rates were 42.1% (16/38) and 23.7% (9/38), respectively, while non-cCR rate was 34.2% (13/38). Twenty patients (20/38, 52.6%) of cCR or near-cCR underwent watch & wait approach, with a local regrowth rate of 20% (4/20). Four patients received LE, including one salvage LE. Thirteen patients (4 were ypCR) received radical resection, including 10 cases of initial low anterior resections (LAR), 1 cases of initial abdominal perineal resection (APR) and 2 cases of salvage LAR, four patients refused operation. The median follow-up time was 23.5 (8.5-38.3) months. At the last interview of follow-up, the OPR and SPR were 52.6% (20/38) and 84.2% (32/38), respectively. Only one patient developed lung metastasis and no local recurrence occurred after radical resection or LE. Conclusion: Total neoadjuvant treatment for low-risk rectal cancer achieves high cCR/near-cCR rate, with increased probability of receiving watch and wait approach and organ preservation in this subgroup.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Preservação de Órgãos , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Conduta Expectante
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(14): 6234-6241, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to participate in the progression and development of many human diseases. In this study, we are committed to uncover the potential function of lncRNA Nuclear Enriched Abundant Transcript 1 (NEAT1) in the development of laryngocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LncRNA NEAT1 expression in laryngocarcinoma cells and 54 paired laryngocarcinoma samples was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Furthermore, the regulatory effects of NEAT1 on the proliferation and metastasis of laryngocarcinoma cells were evaluated. Biological role of NEAT1/miR-29a-3p axis was finally explored in regulating the progression of laryngocarcinoma. RESULTS: NEAT1 was upregulated in laryngocarcinoma tissues and cell lines. NEAT1 knockdown suppressed growth and invasive abilities in laryngocarcinoma cells, while overexpression of NEAT1 enhanced such abilities. Further experiments showed that miR-29a-3p was directly targeted by NEAT1, and participated in NEAT-mediated progression of laryngocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: NEAT1 is a novel oncogene in laryngocarcinoma and could enhance growth and invasion of laryngocarcinoma cells by targeting miR-29a-3p.

5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 805-809, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357803

RESUMO

Objective: To explore an effective long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) signature in predicting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma through the analysis on RNA sequencing data of hepatocellular carcinoma patients and peritumoral tissues in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Methods: The clinical characteristics and RNA sequencing data of 377 hepatocellular carcinoma patients were obtained from TCGA database by the end of February 2018. Then, differentially expressed lncRNAs between 50 pairs of tumor and peritumoral tissues were explored using student's t-test. Next, a lncRNA signature was established through LASSO Cox regression analysis. All the patients were divided into four groups (

Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Prognóstico
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 648-655, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302963

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of colonoscopic assessment in "watch and wait" strategy for mid-lower rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). Methods: A single-center retrospective case series study was performed. Database of mid-lower rectal cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute from March 2011 to June 2017 was retrieved. Inclusion criteria: (1) nCRT was completed (50.6 Gy/22 f, plus oral capecitabine); (2) radical surgery was performed within 12 weeks after nCRT treatment; (3) clinical response to nCRT was determined as clinical complete response (cCR) or near-cCR. Patients who did not undergo colonoscopy and MRI in our center during initial assessment and follow-up, or whose colonoscopy data were unable to re-evaluated, were excluded. Initial evaluation of nCRT response was carried out between 6 and 16 weeks after nCRT. The results of endoscopy (eCR, near-eCR and non-eCR) and MRI (mCR, near-mCR and non-mCR) were compared to local lesion relapse during follow-up. The consistency of the results of colonoscopy and MRI was evaluated by Kappa test (Kappa value of 0.21 to 0.40 indicates general consistency, 0.41 to 0.60 moderate consistency, and 0.61 to 0.80 high consistency). The non-regrowth disease-free survival (NR-DFS) curves of the eCR group and the near-eCR group were plotted by Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Clinical significance of colonoscopy examination in the following "watch and wait" strategy during follow-up period was analyzed. Results: A total of 32 patients were enrolled in the study, including 21 (65.6%) males and 11 (34.4%) females with a median age of 57 years old. The differentiated type of rectal cancer included 1 (3.1%) case of well-differentiated, 26 (81.2%) of moderately differentiated and 5 (15.6%) of poorly differentiated. Clinical stage of the patients included 9 (28.1%) cases of T2-3N0 and 23 (71.9%) of T2-3N+. Median follow-up period was 48 (18 to 80) months. The local regrowth rate was 34.4% (11/32) and median interval of local regrowth was 10.0 (4 to 37) months. Initial colonoscopy evaluation was carried out at a median time of 9 (5 to 19) weeks after nCRT was completed. According to endoscopic findings, patients were divided into 3 groups, including 15 cases in eCR group, 15 cases in near-eCR group and 2 cases in non-eCR group. According to the appearance of MRI, patients were divided into 3 groups, including 8 cases in mCR group, 21 cases in near-mCR group and 3 cases in non-mCR group. The regrowth rate of eCR group was lower than that of mCR group (1/15 vs. 1/8) without significant difference (P=1.000). The regrowth rate of near-eCR group was higher than that of near-mCR group [9/15 vs. 42.9% (9/21)] without significant difference as well (P=0.500). The consistency between colonoscopy and MRI in response evaluation of cCR or near-cCR after nCRT was unsatisfactory (Kappa=0.341, P=0.011). After initial evaluation, 31 patients underwent watch and wait strategy, and 1 underwent local resection. The 1- and 3-year NR-DFS in the eCR group was both 100%, which was higher than that in the near-eCR group (53.3% and 38.9%, respectively), and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001). During watch and wait period, 11 cases developed local regrowth by colonoscopy examination and the biopsy result included 4 case of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HIN), 6 cases of adenocarcinoma and 1 case of chronic mucosal inflammation. Meanwhile lateral developmental tumor of ascending colon in 1 case and of sigmoid in a case was found by colonoscopy and confirmed as HIN by postoperative pathology. Besides, 4 cases developed colonic multiple adenoma and all underwent endoscopic resection. Conclusion: Colonoscopy examination plays an important role in both initial assessment and regrowth monitoring during watch and wait strategy after nCRT treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Colonoscopia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Conduta Expectante , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(3): 451-458, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epstein-Barr virus associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) is different from the traditional gastric cancer (Epstein-Barr virus non-associated gastric cancer, EBVnGC), and has unique clinicopathological features. This study investigated the largest single center cancer series so as to establish the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of EBVaGC in China. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on EBVaGC and EBVnGC patients diagnosed at Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2003 to 2018 by comparing their clinicopathological features and prognosis. The gastric cancer (GC) dataset of public database was analyzed to obtain differentially expressed genes. The expression of important genes and their association with prognosis of GC were verified in GC tissues from our hospital. RESULTS: In this study, 3 241 GC patients were included, and a total of 163 EBVaGC (5.0%) patients were identified. Compared with EBVnGC, EBVaGC was higher in male and younger patients, and positively associated with remnant GC, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and mixed type GC. EBVaGC was inversely related to lymph node metastasis. The 5-year survival rate of EBVnGC and EBVaGC was 59.6% and 63.2% respectively (P<0.05). In order to explore molecular features of EBVaGC, the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset was analyzed (n=240), and 7 404 significant differentially expressed genes were obtained, involving cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis. The down-regulated invasion/metastasis gene SALL4 and the up-regulated immune checkpoint gene PD-L1 were important molecular features of EBVaGC. Validation of these two genes in large GC series showed that the majority of the EBVaGC was SALL4 negative (1/92, 1.1%, lower than EBVnGC, 303/1 727, 17.5%), and that PD-L1 was mostly positive in EBVaGC (81/110, 73.6%, higher than EBVnGC, 649/2 350, 27.6%). GC patients with SALL4 negative and PD-L1 positive were often associated with better prognosis. CONCLUSION: EBVaGC is a unique subtype of GC with less metastasis and a good prognosis. It also has a distinct molecular background. The down-regulation of invasion/metastasis gene SALL4 and up-regulation of immune checkpoint gene PD-L1 are important molecular features.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Gástricas , China , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(15): 1152-1155, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006218

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) ablation treatment for uterine fibroids and adenomyosis. Methods: From February 2017 to July 2018, a total of 61 women in Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine with uterine fibroids or adenomyosis (36 cases of fibroids and 25 cases of adenomyosis) were included for treatment of MRgFUS, mean age was 27-48 (39±5) years. The treatment status, treatment effect and complications were recorded, and the differences between myoma and adenomyosis were compared. Results: Thirty-two (88.9%) patients of fibroid group and twenty-one (84.0%) patients of adenomyosis group were completed MRgFUS treatment respectively (P>0.05). The spot energy of adenomyosis group was 1 039-5 698(2 852±991) J, which was higher than 600-6 466(2 485±1 137) J of fibroid group (P<0.01). There was no significant statistical difference in mean temperature of spot and ablation time between the two groups (P>0.05).The non-perfusion volume ratio (NPVR) of the fibroid and adenomyosis group was 54%-99%(84%±15%) and 60%-98%(82%±12%) and there was no significant statistical difference (P>0.05), but the ablation efficiencies of adenomyosis group was less than fibroid group (0.8-4.3(2.1±0.9) cm(3)/min vs 1.3-7.8(3.6±1.5)cm(3)/min, P<0.01).The incidence of complications of adenomyosis group was 47.6%(10/21), it was higher than fibroid group 18.8%(6/32) (P<0.05). Conclusions: MRgFUS is a non-invasive, safe and effective treatment for both uterine fibroids and adenomyosis. Compared with uterine fibroids, MRgFUS treatment of adenomyosis has some disadvantages such as higher energy, lower ablation efficiency and more adverse reactions, and further optimization is needed.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adenomiose/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomioma , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(6): 2332-2339, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of miR-214-5p on spinal cord injury (SCI) and the possible mechanism in pathophysiological relevance, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of the corresponding inhibitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SCI model was successfully established in 6-week-old rats. The levels of locomotor function recovery in rats of miR-214-5p inhibitor group and SCI group were detected one month later by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale, Western blotting, quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. Rat microglia cells were cultured in vitro. Furthermore, the effect of miR-214-5p and its inhibitor on inflammatory microglia was explored. RESULTS: Compared with SCI group, rats in miR-214-5p inhibitor group showed a significant retardation of inflammatory diffusion in terms of reduced production of inflammatory factors and chemokines in vivo. MiR-214-5p inhibitor markedly attenuated antioxidant stress, inhibited apoptosis, and increased nerve fibers repair. Compared with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) decreased significantly in microglia treated with miR-214-5p inhibitor in vitro. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-214-5p remarkably promoted locomotor function recovery in rats. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-214-5p inhibitor retarded inflammatory diffusion by inhibiting inflammatory factors and chemokines after SCI. In addition, this might relieve nerve structure destruction, resist oxidative stress and inhibit apoptosis, eventually promoting function recovery.

10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 26(4): 259-261, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996335

RESUMO

Recently, there have been many developments and improvements in portal hypertension surgery, but there are still many controversies regarding the surgical indications, the timing of surgery, and the choice of surgical procedures. Minimally invasive laparoscopy and robotics are the leading direction for the development of surgical techniques for portal hypertension. Surgical selection procedures should be based on evidence-based, but guidelines should not be blindly followed. Surgical development needs to strengthen multidisciplinary cooperation, and surgical reform is the driving force for surgical development.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Portal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Robótica , Humanos , Laparoscópios
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(6): 436-441, 2018 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886667

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the recent postoperative and long-term postoperative complications of open-splenectomy and disconnection in patients with portal hypertension. Methods: There were 1 118 cases with portal hypertension who underwent open splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection from April 2010 to September 2015 at Department of Surgery, People's Liberation Army 302 Hospital. Retrospective case investigation and telephone follow-up were conducted in October 2016. All patients had history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding before operation. Short-term complications after surgery were recorded including secondary laparotomy of postoperative abdominal hemostasis, severe infection, intake disorders, liver insufficiency, postoperative portal vein thrombosis and perioperative mortality. Long-term data including postoperative upper gastrointestinal rebleeding, postoperative survival rate and incidence of postoperative malignancy were recorded, too. GraphPad Prism 5 software for data survival analysis and charting. Results: Postoperative short-term complications in 1 118 patients included secondary laparotomy of postoperative abdominal hemostasis(1.8%, 21/1 118), severe infection(2.9%, 32/1 118), intake disorders(1.0%, 11/1 118), liver dysfunction (1.6%, 18/1 118), postoperative portal vein thrombosis(47.1%, 526/1 118)and perioperative mortality(0.5%, 5/1 118). After phone call following-up, 942 patients' long-term data were completed including 1, 3, 5 years postoperative upper gastrointestinal rebleeding rate(4.4%, 12.1%, 17.2%), 1, 3, 5-year postoperative survival rate(97.0%, 93.5%, 90.3%); the incidence of postoperative malignant tumors in 1, 3 and 5 years were 1.7%, 4.4% and 6.2%. Conclusions: Reasonable choosing of surgical indications and timing, proper performing the surgery process, effective conducting perioperative management of portal hypertension are directly related to the patient's short-term prognosis after portal hypertension. Surgical intervention can reduce the rates of patients with upper gastrointestinal rebleeding, improve survival, and do not increase the incidence of malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Portal , Esplenectomia , Veia Ázigos/cirurgia , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Veia Porta , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770152

RESUMO

Pityriasis rosea (PR), a skin rash, causes substantial discomfort in patients. There is a lack of effective therapies for PR. A combination of ultraviolet irradiation and indigo naturalis treatment has been shown to be a safe and effective regime for control of PR; however, the data have been largely inconsistent. Tis meta-analysis further evaluated the efficacy and safety of this combination in patients with PR. The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and Wan Fang databases were searched for relevant RCTs of this combination therapy in patients with PR. A total of eight studies with a combined study population of 688 patients published between January 2006 and March 2016 were eligible for this meta-analysis. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. The regimen of compound indigo naturalis plus NB-UVB showed much better control of PR as compared to that achieved with use of compound indigo naturalis or NB-UVB alone in terms of cure rate or effective rate. However, no significant difference was observed between the two with respect to incidence of adverse effects. The analysis was affected by publication bias as revealed by funnel plot analysis. Further studies with large sample sizes are required to confirm our findings.

14.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 43, 2018 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298977

RESUMO

The material class of rare earth nickelates with high Ni3+ oxidation state is generating continued interest due to the occurrence of a metal-insulator transition with charge order and the appearance of non-collinear magnetic phases within this insulating regime. The recent theoretical prediction for superconductivity in LaNiO3 thin films has also triggered intensive research efforts. LaNiO3 seems to be the only rare earth nickelate that stays metallic and paramagnetic down to lowest temperatures. So far, centimeter-sized impurity-free single crystal growth has not been reported for the rare earth nickelates material class since elevated oxygen pressures are required for their synthesis. Here, we report on the successful growth of centimeter-sized LaNiO3 single crystals by the floating zone technique at oxygen pressures of up to 150 bar. Our crystals are essentially free from Ni2+ impurities and exhibit metallic properties together with an unexpected but clear antiferromagnetic transition.

15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 25(10): 797-800, 2017 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29108216

RESUMO

The Hippo signaling pathway consists of four core components in mammals, i.e., Mst1/2, WW45, Mob1, and LATS1/2, which can inhibit the transcriptional coactivator YAP from entering the nucleus, maintain the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis, control organ size, and maintain homeostasis. If the core components of the Hippo signaling pathway are inactivated due to gene mutation or epigenetic alterations, YAP is overexpressed and activated in the nucleus, which then induces excessive cell proliferation and inhibits cell apoptosis. It has been confirmed that this process is closely associated with the formation of various tumors including liver cancer. Research on the Hippo signaling pathway may provide new directions for exploring the pathogenesis of liver tumor and developing effective therapies.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto , Animais , Humanos , Tamanho do Órgão
16.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 25(8): 589-596, 2017 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29056008

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and safety of long-acting pegylated interferon-α-2b (Peg-IFN-α-2b) (Y shape, 40 kD) injection (180 µg/week) in the treatment of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, with standard-dose Peg-IFN-α-2a as positive control. Methods: This study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, and positive-controlled phase III clinical trial. Eligible HBeAg-positive CHB patients were screened out and randomized to Peg-IFN-α-2b (Y shape, 40 kD) trial group and Peg-IFN-α-2a control group at a ratio of 2:1. The course of treatment was 48 weeks and the patients were followed up for 24 weeks after drug withdrawal. Plasma samples were collected at screening, baseline, and 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, and 72 weeks for centralized detection. COBAS® Ampliprep/COBAS® TaqMan® HBV Test was used to measure HBV DNA level by quantitative real-time PCR. Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay with Elecsys kit was used to measure HBV markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe). Adverse events were recorded in detail. The primary outcome measure was HBeAg seroconversion rate after the 24-week follow-up, and non-inferiority was also tested. The difference in HBeAg seroconversion rate after treatment between the trial group and the control group and two-sided confidence interval (CI) were calculated, and non-inferiority was demonstrated if the lower limit of 95% CI was > -10%. The t-test, chi-square test, or rank sum test was used according to the types and features of data. Results: A total of 855 HBeAg-positive CHB patients were enrolled and 820 of them received treatment (538 in the trial group and 282 in the control group). The data of the full analysis set showed that HBeAg seroconversion rate at week 72 was 27.32% in the trial group and 22.70% in the control group with a rate difference of 4.63% (95% CI -1.54% to 10.80%, P = 0.1493). The data of the per-protocol set showed that HBeAg seroconversion rate at week 72 was 30.75% in the trial group and 27.14% in the control group with a rate difference of 3.61% (95% CI -3.87% to 11.09%, P = 0.3436). 95% CI met the non-inferiority criteria, and the trial group was non-inferior to the control group. The two groups had similar incidence rates of adverse events, serious adverse events, and common adverse events. Conclusion: In Peg-IFN-α regimen for HBeAg-positive CHB patients, the new drug Peg-IFN-α-2b (Y shape, 40 kD) has comparable effect and safety to the control drug Peg-IFN-α-2a.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , DNA Viral , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Injeções , Interferon-alfa/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis , Proteínas Recombinantes , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28822426

RESUMO

The laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is a general term for a series of symptoms and signs caused by reflux of the stomach contents to the upper part of the esophageal sphincter. In recent years, the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is getting more and more attention as laryngeal precancerous lesions and risk factors of laryngeal cancer. Laryngeal precancerous lesions plays a important role in the development of laryngeal cancer process. This article will review the role and mechanisms of LPR in the laryngeal precancerous lesions, and the status of anti-reflux in the treatment of laryngeal precancerous lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/etiologia , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/complicações , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Humanos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/terapia , Doenças Faríngeas
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 96(33): 2629-2634, 2016 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27666882

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the treatment efficacy of systemic chemotherapy combined with sequential CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (chemo-RFA) in the management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with liver metastasis. Methods: A total of 427 NPC patients diagnosed with liver metastasis at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2000 and December 2013 were enrolled. Of the patients, 340 cases were male, 87 cases were female, the median age was 45 years (range 18-80 years), all patients received systemic chemotherapy and part of them also received RFA treatment. Patients were evaluated for response every two cycles during systemic chemotherapy and then every three months until death. One-to-one matched pairs between chemo-RFA group with chemo-only group were generated using propensity score matching; survival analysis was further conducted. Results: Of all the enrolled patients, 56 patients (13.1%) received combined treatment, 371 patients (86.9%)received chemotherapy alone. After propensity score matching, 56 pairs of well-matched liver metastatic NPC patients were selected from different treatment groups. The 1-, 3-, 5- year overall survival (OS) rates for chemo-RFA group were 89.2%, 45.5% and 32.5% and chemo-only group were 77.1%, 27.5% and 4.8% respectively; the 1-, 3-, 5- year progression-free survival (PFS) rates for chemo-RFA group were 64.0%, 25.4% and 10.7% and chemo-only group were 44.1%, 5.5% and 5.5% respectively.The adjusted hazard ratio in OS and PFS of the choice for chemo-RFA approach to chemo-only was HR 0.43, 95% CI 0.25-0.73 and HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.71 respectively. Conclusion: CT-guided RFA combined with chemotherapy approach could improve the survival rate for NPC patients with liver metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Appl Microbiol ; 121(3): 787-99, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27377624

RESUMO

AIMS: The goal was to investigate the dynamics of soil bacterial community in the chronosequence tea orchards. METHOD AND RESULTS: In this study, soils from tea orchards with continuously cropping histories for 1, 10 and 20 years were collected for investigating rhizosphere bacterial communities using 454 pyrosequencing. The results indicated that Gammaproteobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria were the main phyla in the tea orchard soils and accounted for more than 60% of the bacterial sequences. At the genus level, the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Rhodanobacter, Bradyrhizobium, Mycobacterium and Sphingomonas, significantly decreased in the 20-year tea orchard soils. Similar patterns of bacterial community structure were observed between 1-year and 10-year tea orchards, which significantly differed from those of 20-year tea orchards. Redundancy analysis indicated that soil organic carbon and pH showed high correlations (positive or negative) with the majority of the taxa. CONCLUSION: Long-term tea cultivation altered the composition and structure of soil bacterial community, which led to the reduction in the beneficial bacteria. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The results can provide clues on how to regulate the soil microbial community and maintain the health of soils in tea orchard systems.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , Camellia sinensis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Camellia sinensis/microbiologia , Solo/química
20.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 39(6): 454-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27289575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To seek risk factors of VTE in patients with lung cancer through analysis of clinical features of patients with lung cancer complicated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS: Retrospective investigation was performed on patients diagnosed with lung cancer and with complete clinical data who were hospitalized in Peking University People's Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. According to the presence of symptomatic VTE, patients were distributed into two groups, VTE group and control group. Patients' clinical data and laboratory parameters were collected. Single factor analysis was applied to compare the differences between the two groups. t test or nonparametric test was applied for intragroup comparison of measurement data, and chi-square test was applied for the comparison of counting information. Logistic regression analysis was applied to explore risk factors of venous thromboembolism. For VTE patients with this diagnosis when they were hospitalized, D-dimer and PT were obtained after the occurrence of VTE, so D-dimer and PT were eliminated in the multiple factors analysis. SPSS 13.0 statistical software was applied for statistical management and analysis. RESULTS: 548 patients with lung cancer were include in the investigation, with male 357, female 191, average age of (63.8±10.9) years old, 46 patients in VTE group and 502 patinets in control group. According to the results of single factor analysis in gender, age, tumor pathologic type, tumor stage, WBC, Hb, PLT, CEA, ALT, FIB, D-dimer, PT, APTT, PT-INR, the tumor stage (χ(2)=14.177), CEA (t=2.129) and Hb (t=-2.424) were risk factors for lung cancer patients complicated with venous thromboembolism. Logistic regression analysis showed that tumor stage was the independent risk factor of lung cancer complicated with venous thromboembolism (OR 2.058, 95%CI 1.307-3.238, P=0.002) , and CEA (r=0.395, P<0.001) and Hb (r=-0.144, P=0.001) were associated with lung cancer stage. The area under the curve formed by D-dimer predicting VTE was 0.825 (95%CI 0.751-0.900, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor stage is the only risk factor for lung cancer patients complicated with venous thromboembolism in the study. However, because this study is a retrospective study, other potential high risk factors causing VTE cannot be excluded.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Idoso , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/química , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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