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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 365-372, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current distribution of ticks and predict the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2017, so as to provide insights into tick control and management of tick-borne diseases in these areas. METHODS: All publications pertaining to tick and pathogen distribution in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration were retrieved, and the geographical location of tick distribution was extracted. The effects of 19 climatic factors on the distribution of ticks were examined using the jackknife method, including the mean temperature of the wettest quarter, precipitation of the coldest quarter, mean temperature of the driest quarter, maximum temperature of the warmest month, precipitation of the driest month, minimal temperature of the coldest month, annual precipitation, mean daily temperature range, precipitation seasonality, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality, annual mean temperature, mean temperature of the warmest quarter, precipitation of the wettest quarter, isothermality, mean temperature of the coldest quarter, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation of the driest quarter and precipitation of the warmest quarter. The distribution of ticks was analyzed in 2020 using the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model, and the potential suitable habitats of ticks were predicted in 2070 using the MaxEnt model based on climatic data. RESULTS: A total of 380 Chinese and English literatures were retrieved, and 148 tick distribution sites were extracted, with 135 sites included in the subsequent analysis. There were 7 genera (Haemaphysalis, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, Dermacentor, Boophilus, Hyalomma and Amblyomma) and 27 species of ticks detected in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. The climatic factors affecting the distribution of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration mainly included the mean temperature of the wettest quarter and the precipitation of the coldest quarter, with 26.1% and 23.6% contributions to tick distributions. The high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were 20 337.08, 40 017.38 km2 and 74 931.43 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2020, respectively. The climate changes led to south expansion of the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, and the total areas of suitable habitats of ticks was predicted to increase by 18 100 km2. In addition, the high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were predicted to increase to 24 317.84, 45 283.02 km2 and 83 766.38 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple tick species are widespread in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, and the future climate changes may lead to expansion of tick distribution in these areas.


Assuntos
Ixodes , Rios , Animais , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Temperatura
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of intracranial artery stenosis is high in Asian people. This study aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the imaging features of symptomatic MCA stenosis in patients of different ages using vessel wall MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of consecutive patients with unilateral MCA stenosis based on a prospectively established vessel wall MR imaging data base between January 2017 and December 2018. According to age, the patients were divided into the young group (18-45 years of age) and the middle-aged and elderly group (older than 45 years of age). RESULTS: Overall, 131 patients with unilateral MCA stenosis were included (45.8% in the young group and 54.2% in the middle-aged and elderly group). Middle-aged and elderly patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P = .01) and diabetes (P = .05). The lesion length (P < .0001), proportion of circular involvement (P = .006), and proportion of circular enhancement (P = .03) were higher in the young group than in the middle-aged and elderly group. The analysis of the atherosclerotic subgroup showed that compared with middle-aged and elderly patients, young patients had longer lesions (P = .002). The atherosclerotic-versus-nonatherosclerotic subgroup analysis showed that the maximal wall thickness in the patients with atherosclerosis was larger than that of patients without it (P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the middle-aged and elderly group, young patients with MCA stenosis tended to have longer lesions and more circular wall involvement and circular enhancement, which may indicate the differences in underlying vascular pathophysiologic and developmental mechanisms in symptomatic MCA stenosis.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(17): 5392-5401, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: DNA damage is an essential risk for intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Here, we attempted to uncover the effect of FoxO6 and RAD51 on the DNA damage repair of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in IDD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected the human NP tissues of different degeneration degrees and tested the collagen II, FoxO6, and RAD51 expression. Besides, the IL-1ß induced NP cell model was also used to elucidate the degenerative progress in vitro. We used Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase reporter assay to confirm whether the FoxO6 protein could enhance the RAD51 expression by binding to its promoter. The FoxO6 gene was upregulated in NP cells by vectors transfection. Immunofluorescence staining was used to measure the RAD51 and γH2AX foci formation. Besides, the typical NP cell gene expression was analyzed by RT-PCR. Cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8, and the cell cycle distribution was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Like collagen II, FoxO6 and RAD51 expression were all decreased both in the severe degenerated NP tissue and in the IL-1ß treated NP cells. Upregulation of FoxO6 gene in NP cells enhanced the RAD51 expression via activating the promoter region and inhibited the DNA damage marker γH2AX formation. FoxO6 upregulation alleviated the loss of collagen II, aggrecan, SOD1, and CAT, and suppressed the increase of collagen I/X, TNF-α, and IL-1ß expression, which was affected by IL-1ß. Besides, FoxO6 also helped the proliferation and cell cycle of NP cells with the activation of RAD51. CONCLUSIONS: Upregulation of FoxO6 promotes the DNA repair and maintains the typical phenotype of NP cells, via somehow the mediation of RAD51.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2703-2709, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510877

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of spleen density in predicting the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. Methods: A total of 415 patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical resection in the Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Of the patients, there were 295 males and 120 femles with a median age of 59 years (range 28-83 years). The patients were divided into diffuse decreased spleen density group (DROSD) (spleen density≤43.0 HU, n=118) and non-diffuse decreased spleen density group (N-DROSD) (spleen density>43.0 HU, n=297) according to the density of spleen detected by computed tomography (CT). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the checkpoint of spleen density in predicting the recurrence of the gastric cancer in those patients. The relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in the two groups were further analyzed. Results: The optimal critical value of spleen density for predicting postoperative recurrence of gastric cancer was 43.0 HU, the area under the curve of ROC was 0.608, and the sensitivity and specificity was 84.9% and 40.4%, respectively. Spleen density was related to albumin, hemoglobin, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and tumor diameter in patients with gastric cancer (all P<0.05). The 5-year disease-free survival rate and 5-year disease-specific survival rate of all the patients was 45.5% and 50.1%, respectively. Univariate survival analysis showed that age, NLR, PLR, tumor location, tumor diameter, Lauren classification, TNM stage, nerve invasion, vascular invasion, DROSD and adjuvant chemotherapy were all related to the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05); Age, NLR, tumor location, tumor diameter, Lauren classification, TNM stage, nerve invasion, vascular invasion, DROSD and adjuvant chemotherapy were all related to the 5-year disease-specific survival rate (all P<0.05). Multivariate survival analysis showed that high NLR level (HR=1.501, 95%CI: 1.136-1.984), late TNM stage (HR=2.559, 95%CI: 1.850-3.539), DROSD (HR=2.093, 95%CI: 1.571-2.788) and no adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=1.583, 95%CI: 1.204-2.083) were independent risk factor for the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05). Late TNM stage (HR=1.938, 95%CI: 1.395-2.692), DROSD (HR=1.566, 95%CI: 1.180-2.078) and no adjuvant chemotherapy (HR=1.336, 95%CI: 1.016-1.758) were independent risk factors for the 5-year disease-free survival rate (all P<0.05). For stage Ⅰ patients, the 5-year disease-free survival rates of DROSD group and N-DROSD group was 78.6% and 83.7%, respectively; and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates was 85.7% and 89.8%, respectively (both P>0.05). For stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ patients, the 5-year disease-free survival rates of DROSD group and N-DROSD group was 15.4% and 48.8%, respectively, and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates was 17.3% and 54.0%, respectively (all P<0.001). Conclusion: As an imaging evaluation method, spleen density is a new tool, which can be used as a prognostic indicator for gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Baço/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521168

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the value of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity Index (ACCI) in predicting the prognosis and guiding the clinical treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in patients over 60 years old. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 249 cases of LSCC in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital and First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from 2008 to 2015 was performed. There were 234 males and 15 females, aged from 60 to 88 years. The clinical characteristics, treatment information and follow-up data were collected. ACCI was used to score the comorbidities of the patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and the patients were divided into high ACCI group and low ACCI group according to the cut-off value of ACCI. Prognostic factors were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, rank sum test was used for comparison between groups, χ2 test was used for enumeration data. Results: Overall survival (OS) was 54.6%, progression-free survival (PFS) was 59.4%, and cancer-specific survival (CSS) was 58.6%. Both the median survival time and PFS time were 60 months. The best cutoff point of the ACCI group was 5. Cox multivariate analysis showed that ACCI was an independent risk factor for OS, PFS and CSS (OR=1.553, 1.499 and 1.534,respectively, all P<0.05). In the high ACCI group, OS (χ2=4.120 and 4.115,P<0.05) and CSS (χ2=4.510 and 5.009,P<0.05) of patients treated with surgery plus radiotherapy and patients with radiotherapy alone were better than those of patients with surgery alone (P<0.05). But in the low ACCI group, there was no significant difference in prognosis among the three treatment regimens (P>0.05). Conclusion: High ACCI offors important prognostic information for LSCC in patients over 60 years old, and can guide clinical treatment options.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Fatores Etários , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 825-829, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530566

RESUMO

COVID-19, caused by SARS-COV-2, has the characteristics of world epidemic, highly infectious and large base of death. In China, transmission route of SARS-COV-2 has been contained so effectively that COVID-19 has been well controlled due to the proactive national prevention and control strategy. However, not only does it bring a huge impact on the existing medical structure model, but also an objective impact on the treatment of patients with chronic diseases such as malignant tumors. Based on the progress reported in the domestic and international literatures and the actual management experience of our team, this paper reflects on the treatment strategies for patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) during the epidemic period of COVID-19. We focus on risk stratification for primary GIST and forming treatment strategies accordingly. Major considerations include the impact of delayed operation, the burden of medical resources, the waiting time for elective operation, and the principle of emergency operation. In addition, we focus on the level of evidence for non-surgical approaches with a view to developing a holistic strategy of "priority management principles" to guide clinical treatment in the context of limited resources and different GIST priorities.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(8): 684-690, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412185

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical operation is the main treatment for advanced adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). Due to its special anatomic location and unique lymph node reflux mode, the surgical treatment of Siewert II AEG is controversial. Lower mediastinal lymph node dissection is one of the most controversial points and a standard technique has not yet been established. This study is aim to explore the safety and feasibility of five-step maneuver of transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic lower mediastinal lymph node dissection for Siewert type II AEG. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. The intraoperative and postoperative data of 25 patients with Siewert type II AEG who underwent five-step maneuver of transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic lower mediastinal lymph node dissection in Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2019 to April 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Five-step maneuver was as follows: In the first step, the subcardiac sac was exposed; the right pulmonary ligament lymph nodes and the anterior thoracic paraaortic lymph nodes were dissected cranial to inferior pericardium, left to left edge of thoracic aorta. In the second step, the left diaphragm was opened, and a 12 mm trocar was placed through the 6-7 rib in the left anterior axillary line. The supra-diaphragmatic nodes were dissected through the thoracic operation hole. In the third step, the left inferior pulmonary ligament was severed. The anterior fascia of thoracic aorta was incised to join the anterior space of thoracic aorta formed in the first step and then the lymphatic tissue was dissected upward until the exposure of left inferior pulmonary vein. In the fourth step, the posterior pericardium was denuded retrogradely from ventral side to oral side to the level of left inferior pulmonary vein, right to right pleura, and then the right pulmonary ligament lymph nodes were completely removed. In the fifth step, the esophagus was denuded, and the esophagus was transected 5 cm above the tumor using a linear stapler to complete the dissection of lower thoracic paraesophageal lymph nodes. Results: Operations were successfully completed in 25 patients without conversion, intra-operative complication and perioperative death. Total gastrectomy was performed in 19 cases and proximal gastrectomy in 6 cases. The mean operative time was (268.7±85.6) minutes, the mean estimated blood loss was (90.4±44.2) ml, the mean time of lower mediastinal lymph node dissection was (38.6±10.3) minutes, and the mean harvested number of lower mediastinal lymph node was 5.9±2.9. The length of esophageal invasion was >2 cm in 7 cases and ≤ 2 cm in 18 cases. Eight patients (33.0%) had lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis, including 3 cases with esophageal invasion >2 cm and 5 cases with esophageal invasion ≤ 2 cm. The mean time to postoperative first flatus was (5.5±3.1) days. The average time of postoperative thoracic drainage was (5.9±2.9) days. The mean hospital stay was (9.7±3.1) days. Two patients (8.0%) developed postoperative grade IIIa complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, including 1 case of pancreatic fistula and 1 case of pleural effusion, both of whom were cured by puncture drainage. Conclusions: Five-step maneuver of transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic lower mediastinal lymph nodes dissection for Siewert type II AEG is safe and feasible. Which can ensure sufficient lower mediastinal lymph node dissection to the level of left inferior pulmonary vein.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Laparoscopia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 554-560, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420287

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in China by using random forest algorithm, and to evaluate the predictive effect of each risk factor on UI. Methods: A baseline survey with a multistage stratified cluster sampling design was conducted between February 2014 and January 2016, and followed up by telephone from June to December 2018. A total of 55 477 adult women from six provinces of China participated the survey. According to the ratio of 1:1, under sampling method was used to randomly select the same number of women as UI from the non UI women. The data were randomly divided into training set and verification set according to 7:3. The training set was used to establish the random forest model, which including the candidate variables with P<0.2 in univariate analysis, and the verification set was used to verify the predictive effects. Results: A total of 30 658 patients (55.26%, 30 658/55 477) completed the follow-up, the median follow-up time was 3.7 years. Among the 24 985 women without UI at baseline, 1 757 (7.03%, 1 757/24 985) had UI at followed up, including 1 117 (4.47%, 1 117/24 985) with stress UI, 243 (0.97%, 243/24 985) with urgency UI and 397 (1.59%, 397/24 985) with mixed UI. When fixed the number of features as 2 and the number of random trees as 300 in the random forest model, the out of bag error rate estimation was the lowest; with such parameter settings, the classification accuracy was 64.3%, the sensitivity was 64.2%, and the specificity was 64.4%. The top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance measure in random forest model were obtained as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, body mass index (BMI), menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status. Conclusion: We identified the top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance in random forest model as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, BMI, menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Incontinência Urinária , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(29): 2293-2298, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333944

RESUMO

Objective: Propose a new risk classification system for blunt thoracic aortic injury and explore its treatment strategies. Methods: After the retrospective analysis of clinical data from 68 patients with blunt thoracic aortic injury in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from November 2016 to October 2020, there were 56 males and 12 females, among these patients, the median age was 45(21-69). According to the degree of aortic injury and the combined injury, the patients were scored for aortic injury, and the risk of the patients were graded into following three types: low-risk group (score ≤ 2 points) 12 cases, intermediate-risk group (3 points ≤ score ≤ 5 points) 41 cases, high-risk group (score ≥ 6 points) 15 cases. Analyzing the effects of treatments received by patients in different grades on the prognosis. Patients were followed up through hospitalization or outpatient clinics at 1, 3, 6, 12 months after surgery and every year thereafter. Results: Of the 68 patients, 21 received non-surgical treatment and 47 received surgical repair, including 6 open surgery and 41 thoracic aortic endovascular repair. There were 16 cases of emergency operation and 31 cases of delayed operation. Twelve low-risk patients were treated with non-surgical treatment, and only 1 patient died of lung infection, with a mortality rate of 8.3% (1/12). There were 8 deaths in 41 moderate-risk patients, with a mortality rate of 19.5% (8/41), and the aortic-related mortality rate was 9.8% (4/41), and the operative mortality rate was 10.8% (4/37). The total mortality of 15 high-risk patients was 40% (6/15), and the aortic-related mortality rate was 30.0% (5/15), and the mortality rate of surgical patients was 10% (1/10). During the follow-up period of 5 to 52 months, no deaths occurred outside the hospital. According to the risk grading, there were significant differences in the aortic-related mortality of each grade (χ²=7.840, P=0.020). During the follow-up of 5-52 months, 1 case had type Ⅰ endoleak, 1 case of cerebral infarction, and 1 case of acute renal failure. Conclusion: According to the patient's degree of aortic injury and combined injury, the risk classification helps to choose the appropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Traumatismos Torácicos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Adulto , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos Torácicos/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The hippocampus is a frequent focus of quantitative neuroimaging research, and structural hippocampal alterations are related to multiple neurocognitive disorders. An increasing number of neuroimaging studies are focusing on hippocampal subfield regional involvement in these disorders using various automated segmentation approaches. Direct comparisons among these approaches are limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the agreement between two automated hippocampal segmentation algorithms in an adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the results of 2 automated segmentation algorithms for hippocampal subfields (FreeSurfer v6.0 and volBrain) within a single imaging data set from adults (n = 176, 89 women) across a wide age range (20-79 years). Brain MR imaging was acquired on a single 3T scanner as part of the IXI Brain Development Dataset and included T1- and T2-weighted MR images. We also examined subfield volumetric differences related to age and sex and the impact of different intracranial volume and total hippocampal volume normalization methods. RESULTS: Estimated intracranial volume and total hippocampal volume of both protocols were strongly correlated (r = 0.93 and 0.9, respectively; both P < .001). Hippocampal subfield volumes were correlated (ranging from r = 0.42 for the subiculum to r = 0.78 for the cornu ammonis [CA]1, all P < .001). However, absolute volumes were significantly different between protocols. volBrain produced larger CA1 and CA4-dentate gyrus and smaller CA2-CA3 and subiculum volumes compared with FreeSurfer v6.0. Regional age- and sex-related differences in subfield volumes were qualitatively and quantitatively different depending on segmentation protocol and intracranial volume/total hippocampal volume normalization method. CONCLUSIONS: The hippocampal subfield volume relationship to demographic factors and disease states should undergo nuanced interpretation, especially when considering different segmentation protocols.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(15): 5018-5025, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of voriconazole combined with glucocorticoid on the nephrotic syndrome in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 62 children with nephrotic syndrome were enrolled in this study. They were treated in our hospital from February 2016 to August 2019, including 35 children treated with voriconazole in a control group, and 27 children treated with glucocorticoid combined with voriconazole in a research group. The efficacy was evaluated, and a logistic regression analysis was carried out to find out the risk factors affecting the efficacy. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the serum creatinine and urine protein expression before and after treatment. In addition, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to analyze the predictive value of serum creatinine and urine protein expression. RESULTS: The marked efficacy and total effective rate in the research group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the non-efficacy in the research group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p<0.05). After treatment, the expression of serum creatinine and urine protein in the research group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of urine protein was 0.798. The AUC of serum creatinine was 0.724. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that serum albumin, high edema, infection, serum creatinine, and urine protein were independent risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Glucocorticoid can improve clinical efficacy. Serum creatinine and urine protein can be adopted as predictive factors for efficacy on children with nephrotic syndrome. Serum albumin, high edema, infection, serum creatinine, and urine protein were independent risk factors for the efficacy on children with nephrotic syndrome.

14.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 672-677, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333920

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between genotype and clinical phenotype in children with primary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Methods: Clinical data of 38 children with primary HLH at Beijing Children's Hospital from November 2015 to October 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. According to whether destructive mutation site, familial HLH (FHL) or non-familial HLH, degranulation pathway and non-degranulation pathway were detected in them, these patients were divided into different groups. Clinical characteristics, laboratory tests and functional tests were analyzed in different groups. Wilcoxon test or chi-square test were used for comparison between groups. Results: Among 38 cases, there were 23 males and 15 females. The age of onset was 2.5 (0.1-13.7) years. PRF1 (13/38, 34%) and UNC13D (12/38, 32%) gene mutations had the highest detectable rate. Correlation analysis between genotypes and phenotypes suggested that patients in destructive mutation sites group (n=25) had a younger age of onset than that in non-destructive mutation sites group (n=13) (1.0 (0.1-9.0) vs. 4.0 (0.4-13.4) years, Z=-2.711, P=0.005). The incidence of central nervous system involvement and convulsion was higher in patients in familial HLH group (n=26) than that in non-familial HLH group (n=12)(62% (16/26) vs. 2/12, χ²=6.631, P=0.015; 54% (14/26) vs. 2/12, χ²=4.656, P=0.040). The levels of soluble CD25, bilirubin, interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were higher in degranulation pathway impairment group than that in the non-degranulation pathway impairment group (38 444 (2 393-44 000) vs.15 304 (1 620-36 937) ng/L,Z=2.634,P=0.008; 23.5 (6.3-126.4) vs. 6.0 (3.6-31.0) µmol/L, Z=2.992, P=0.003; 20.7 (0-248.7) vs. 11.9 (2.6-21.0) ng/L, Z=2.156, P=0.031; 20.7 (4.3-2 500.0) vs. 11.8 (4.0-88.0) ng/L, Z=2.210, P=0.027). However, the levels of neutrophils, ferritin and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in degranulation pathway impairment group were lower in the non-degranulation pathway impairment group (0.5 (0.1-8.0)×109 vs. 1.0 (0.9-2.3)×109/L, Z=-3.197, P=0.001; 1 133 (78-10 452) vs. 3 048 (630-37 900) µg/L, Z=-2.407, P=0.016; 410 (188-1 254) vs. 599 (389-3 147) U/L, Z=-2.489, P=0.013). Conclusions: PRF1 and UNC13D gene mutations are most common in primary HLH. Patients with destructive gene mutations have a younger age of onset. Patients with familial HLH are more likely to have central nervous system involvement and convulsions. The levels of sCD25, bilirubin, IFN-γ and IL-10 are higher in the degranulation pathway patients.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana , Mutação , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 705-710, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371544

RESUMO

Ischemic hepatitis is inflammation caused by necrosis of liver cells due to ischemia and hypoxia caused by low cardiac output or septic shock. It is often complicated by heart failure or severe septic shock. One of the pathogenesis of ischemic hepatitis is hepatocyte injury caused by ischemia and hypoxia, which results in damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) release and binding to membrane receptors such as toll like receptors (TLRs) to cause inflammatory reactions.The other is when the ischemic liver is reperfused, hepatocyte mitochondrias will produce a large amount of ROS causing ischemia reperfusion injury. These two mechanisms and related molecular pathways are elaborated in this paper.


Assuntos
Hepatite , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Hepatite/etiologia , Hepatócitos , Humanos , Isquemia , Fígado
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(8): 791-798, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404146

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) derived apoptotic extracellular vesicles (ApoEVs) could regulate the polarization of mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 and whether BMMSCs derived ApoEVs could attenuate pro-inflammatory condition of RAW264.7 induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (Pg-LPS), so as to provide experimental evidence and theoretical basis for using BMMSCs derived ApoEVs as a method to treat periodontitis. Methods: The Operetta CLS high-content analysis system was used to observe the time-dependent apoptosis process of BMMSCs. Besides, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), dynamic light scattering technology and streaming potential method were used to measure the surface characteristics of BMMSCs derived ApoEVs. The Operetta CLS high-content analysis system was used to observe the process of RAW264.7 phagocyting 5-carboxy-tetramethylrhodamine, succinimidyl ester (5-TAMRA-SE) labeled ApoEVs. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of arginase-1 (Arg-1). Cell immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to detect the number of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)(+) macrophages and iNOS protein expression level in each experiment group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect tumor necrosis factro-α (TNF-α) level in the Pg-LPS induced pro-inflammatory macrophage culture supernatant in each experiment group. Results: After treating with 0.5 µmol/L staurosporine for 12 hours, mouse BMMSCs underwent shrinking with obvious vesicles structure around. The FESEM showed the ApoEVs were in spherical shapes. The size range of ApoEVs was about 100-1 000 nm and the average Zeta potential was -16.6 mV. The Operetta CLS high-content analysis system showed RAW264.7 could phagocytose 5-TAMRA-SE labeled ApoEVs by pseudopodia. The relative mRNA expression of Arg-1 was significantly increased in RAW 264.7 after being treated with interleukin 4 (IL-4) and ApoEVs (261.97±15.91) compared to that with IL-4 alone (115.29±15.42) (P<0.01). Cell immunofluorescence showed that ApoEVs could reduce the number of iNOS(+) macrophages induced by Pg-LPS (39.33±4.70) comparing to those without ApoEVs (95.33±4.70) (P=0.007). In the meanwhile, ApoEVs could also down-regulate the iNOS protein level of macrophages induced by Pg-LPS (5.84±1.05) comparing to those without ApoEVs (14.91±3.87) (P<0.01). Besides, ApoEVs could also reduce the TNF-α secretion in the culture supernatant of pro-inflammatory macrophages induced by Pg-LPS [(21 899.71±409.73) ng/L] comparing to those without ApoEVs [(71 296.50±2 344.22) ng/L] (P=0.003). Conclusions: BMMSCs derived ApoEVs could regulate the polarization of macrophages and could also attenuate the pro-inflammatory condition of macrophages induced by Pg-LPS.

17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42: 1-6, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404153

RESUMO

This paper summarizes the basic principles and models of early warning for infectious disease outbreaks, introduces the early warning systems for infectious disease based on different data sources and their applications, and discusses the application potential of big data and their analysing techniques, which have been studied and used in the prevention and control of COVID-19 pandemic, including internet inquiry, social media, mobile positioning, in the early warning of infectious diseases in order to provide reference for the establishment of an intelligent early warning mechanism and platform for infectious diseases based on multi-source big data.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42: 1-7, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404155

RESUMO

Domestic and foreign literatures related to the persistence of SARS-CoV-2 and the re-positive cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reviewed, and the characteristics and infectivity of the re-positive cases were analyzed to provide scientific evidence for the improvement of case management and the development of measures to stop the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Existing studies have shown that re-positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 ranged from 2.4% to 19.8%, the median of interval between re-positive detection and discharge was 4-15 days. Following the second course of the disease, the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM, IgG and IgA positive rates of the cases were 11.11%-86.08%, 52.00%-100.00% and 61.54%-100.00% respectively, the total antibody and neutralizing antibody positive rates were 98.72% and 88.46%. The viral load of the re-positive cases was lower than that of in the initial infection. At least 3380 re-positive cases have been reported globally. SARS-CoV-2 strains were isolated from the samples of 3 re-positive cases (1 immunodeficiency case and 2 cases with abnormal pulmonary imaging). There were close contacts that were infected by an asymptomatic case taking immunosuppressive agents. In conclusion, the infectivity of re-positive cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 is generally very low. Rare re-positive cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 might cause further transmission. The management approach for the re-positive cases can be based on the assessment of the individual transmission risk according to the pathogen detection results.

19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 757-763, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404183

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) in complex high-risk and indicated patients (CHIP). Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study. Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) supported by VA-ECMO in the Second Hospital of Jilin University from June 2018 to January 2020 were enrolled. General clinical data, laboratory examination results, PCI and ECMO process, postoperative complications and prognosis were collected through the electronic medical record system. The endpoint of the study was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as complex events including cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, heart failure and malignant arrhythmia. All patients were followed up for 12 months after discharge. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: A total of 31 patients, aged (64.6±10.1) years, including 19 males were included. All patients were treated with VA-ECMO before PCI. The ProGlide vascular suture device was embedded by local anesthesia to quickly establish circulation. There were 9 (29.0%) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 10 (32.3%) patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 12 (38.7%) patients with unstable angina. The number of stents implanted during the operation were 2.8±1.8. The VA-ECMO weaning time was 24.0 (2.0, 88.5) hours. Compared with the results of pre-operation, the patient's postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly improved (49% (42%, 55%) vs. 43% (35%, 52%), P<0.01], hemoglobin and platelet count levels decreased, the level of creatinine and urea nitrogen was increased (P<0.05). Within 24 hours after operation, hemoglobin decreased>20 g/L was observed in 18 cases (58.1%), puncture site bleeding was found in 2 cases (6.5%), pseudoaneurysm occurred in 1 case (3.2%) and postoperative cerebral infarction occurred in 1 case (3.2%). There were no deaths during the operation, 2 patients died during hospitalization. All discharged patients were followed up for 12 months. The incidence of MACE was 13.8% (4/29). During the follow-up period, 2 patients died. One patient was hospitalized with recurrent myocardial infarction and one patient with heart failure. Survival analysis was performed 12 months after intervention and the cumulative survival rate was 80.0%. Conclusion: The application of VA-ECMO in CHIP interventional therapy is safe, effective and feasible.

20.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 776-782, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404186

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on long-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective cohort study. Between June 2015 to January 2020, consecutive ACS patients hospitalized at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were enrolled. All patients underwent portable sleep breathing monitoring, and they were then divided into moderate/severe OSA group (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI)≥15 events/hour) and no/mild OSA group (AHI<15 events/hour). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke, ischemia-driven revascularization and hospital admission for unstable angina or heart failure. MACCE were compared yearly by the log-rank test. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the independent predictors of MACCE. Results: A total of 1 927 patients with ACS were enrolled, including 1 629 males (84.5%), aged (56.4±10.5) years. Moderate/severe OSA was present in 1 014 (52.6%) patients. Compared with no/mild OSA group, moderate/severe OSA group exhibited a higher body mass index (P<0.05). Hypertension, prior PCI were more prevalent in moderate/severe OSA group (both P<0.05). The difference of ACS category between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.021). The rate of patients who underwent PCI and the number of stents were higher in the moderate/severe OSA group. During a 5-year follow-up (median 2.9 years (IQR 1.5-3.6 years)), the cumulative incidence of MACCE was significantly higher in the moderate/severe OSA group than in the no/mild OSA group (34.0% vs. 24.0%, HR=1.346, 95%CI 1.100-1.646, log-rank P=0.004). The cumulative incidence of MACCE remained statistically higher at 4 and 5 year in the moderate/severe OSA group as compared to the no/mild OSA group (33.3% vs. 22.9%, HR=1.397, 95%CI 1.141-1.710, log-rank P=0.001; 34.0% vs. 24.0%, HR=1.341, 95%CI 1.096-1.640, log-rank P=0.004, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that moderate/severe OSA (HR=1.312, 95%CI 1.054-1.631, P=0.015) was an independent predictor of long-term MACCE in ACS patients. Conclusions: Moderate/severe OSA is observed in more than 52% ACS patients. Moderate/severe OSA is an independent predictor of long-term MACCE.

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