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1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(3): 180-7, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of electroacupuncture(EA) on rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) and its effect on the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP) group, low-intensity EA group, and high-intensity EA group, with 8 rats in each group. Enema with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid was performed to establish a model of UC. The rats in the two EA groups were given EA at"Tianshu" (ST25), "Guanyuan" (CV4), and "Zusanli"(ST36) for 15 min each time, once a day, with a current intensity of 1 mA for the low-intensity EA group and 5 mA for the high-intensity EA group(among them, "Tianshu" "Zusanli" bilateral alternate acupoints); the rats in the SASP group were given SASP suspension 3 mL every day by gavage. The course of treatment was 15 days for all groups. HE staining was used to observe the pathology of the colon and determine tissue damage index(TDI); ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-17 (IL-17), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2); immunohistochemical staining and real-time PCR were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in colonic tissue. RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, the model group had significant reductions in body weight, serum IL-4, and IL-10 (P<0.05) and significant increases in colonic mucosa TID, the serum levels of IL-17 and PGE2 and the protein and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in colonic tissue (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the SASP group and the EA groups had significantly higher body weight and serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 (P<0.05), as well as significantly lower colonic TDI, serum levels of IL-17 and PGE2, and integrated optical density and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in colonic tissue (P<0.05). Compared with the SASP group, the low-intensity EA group had significantly higher colonic TDI and protein and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in colonic tissue (P<0.05), and compared with the SASP group, the high-intensity EA group had a significantly higher body weight (P<0.05) and lower colonic TDI and protein and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in colonic tissue (P<0.05). Compared with the low-intensity EA group, the high-intensity EA group had significantly higher body weight (P<0.05), and lower colonic TDI and protein and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-kB in colonic tissue (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture exerts a protective effect on the colonic mucosa in rats with UC possibly by inhibiting the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and reducing the release of inflammatory cytokines, and high-intensity EA may have a better effect than low-intensity EA.

2.
Plant Mol Biol ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152894

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A novel QTL (qSCN-PL10) for SCN resistance and related candidate genes were identified in the soybean variety Pingliang xiaoheidou, and plant basal immunity seems to contribute to the SCN resistance. Soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) is one of the most devastating soybean pests worldwide. The development of host plant resistance represents an effective strategy to control SCN. However, owing to the lack of diversity of resistance genes in soybean varieties, further investigation is necessary to identify new SCN resistance genes. By analyzing the resistance phenotypes of soybean variety Pingliang xiaoheidou (Pingliang, ZDD 11047), we found that it exhibited the different resistance phenotypes from PI 88788 and Peking varieties. Because Pingliang variety contains the Rhg1-a (low copy) haplotype and lacks the resistant Rhg4 haplotype, novel quantitative trait locus might account for their SCN resistance. After sequencing parental lines (Magellan and Pingliang) and 200 F2:3 progenies, a high-density genetic map was constructed using the specific length amplified fragment sequencing method and qSCN-PL10 was identified as a novel locus for SCN resistance. Candidate genes were predicted by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in the qSCN-PL10 locus region. The RNA-seq analysis performed also indicated that plant basal immunity plays an important role in the resistance of Pingliang to SCN. These results lay a foundation for the use of marker-assisted breeding to enhance the resistance to SCN.

3.
Neurosci Bull ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166647

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder that affects almost 20% of the global population. In addition, much evidence has implicated altered function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) system in the pathophysiology of depression. Recent research has indicated that GABAB receptors (GABABRs) are an emerging therapeutic target in the treatment of stress-related disorders such as MDD. However, which cell types with GABABRs are involved in this process is unknown. As hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in MDD, we knocked down GABABRs in the hippocampus and found that knocking down these receptors in astrocytes, but not in GABAergic or pyramidal neurons, caused a decrease in immobility in the forced swimming test (FST) without affecting other anxiety- and depression-related behaviors. We also generated astrocyte-specific GABABR-knockout mice and found decreased immobility in the FST in these mice. Furthermore, the conditional knockout of GABABRs in astrocytes selectively increased the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein in hippocampal astrocytes, which controlled the decrease in immobility in the FST. Taken together, our findings contribute to the current understanding of which cell types expressing GABABRs modulate antidepressant activity in the FST, and they may provide new insights into the pathological mechanisms and potential targets for the treatment of depression.

4.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920751, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134903

RESUMO

Todd's paralysis, a neurological abnormality characterized by temporary limb weakness or hemiplegia, typically occurs following a seizure, without enduring consequences. Since limb weakness or hemiplegia can also be a common symptom of an acute ischemic stroke, it is often difficult to diagnose Todd's paralysis in individuals experiencing an acute ischemic stroke if they do not have a pre-existing history of epilepsy. Given that there is a limited understanding of Todd's paralysis, this review discusses the history, prevalence, clinical manifestations, duration, etiology, and diagnosis of Todd's paralysis. A few factors that may help clinicians distinguish Todd's paralysis from other clinical indications are as follows: (1) Todd's paralysis is commonly observed after partial seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. (2) The incidence of Todd's paralysis is greater if the epilepsy is associated with old age or stroke history. (3) The duration of Todd's paralysis can range from minutes to days, depending on the type of seizure or whether the patient has experienced cortical structural damage. (4) The etiology of Todd's paralysis is associated with cerebral perfusion abnormality after seizures. Further research is needed to explore factors that distinguish Todd's paralysis from other indications that may lead to limb weakness in order to improve the diagnosis of Todd's paralysis.


Assuntos
Paralisia/fisiopatologia , Convulsões/complicações , Epilepsia/complicações , Humanos , Paralisia/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
6.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; : 1-13, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the high mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in diabetic patients with renal injury, few studies have compared cardiovascular characteristics and outcomes between patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD). METHODS: A total of 326 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with renal biopsy were assigned to DN and NDRD groups. Echocardiography and Doppler ultrasound were performed to evaluate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and peripheral atherosclerosis disease (PAD). Renal and cardiovascular survival rates were compared between the DN and NDRD groups by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Risk factors for renal and cardiovascular events in DN patients were identified by a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: In total, 179 patients entered the DN group (54.9%) and 147 made up the NDRD group (45.1%). The presence of diabetic retinopathy, family history of diabetes, and dependence on insulin therapy were associated with the presence of DN. DN patients had more CVD with more severe LVH and PAD. Poorer renal (log-rank χ2 = 26.534, p < 0.001) and cardiovascular (log-rank χ2 = 16.257, p < 0.001) prognoses were seen in the DN group. DR (HR 1.539, 95% CI 1.332-1.842), eGFR (HR 0.943, 95% CI 0.919-0.961), and 24-h proteinuria (HR 1.211, 95% CI 1.132-1.387) were identified as risk factors for renal endpoints. Age (HR 1.672, 95% CI 1.487-1.821), HbA1C (HR 1.398, 95% CI 1.197-1.876), and 24-h proteinuria (HR 1.453, 95% CI 1.289-1.672) were associated with cardiovascular endpoints. CONCLUSION: Patients with DN had more severe CVD along with poorer renal and cardiovascular prognoses than those with NDRD.

7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 124, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Panax notoginseng is a medicinally important Chinese herb with a long history of cultivation and clinical application. The planting area is mainly distributed in Wenshan Prefecture, where the quality and safety of P. notoginseng have been threatened by high concentration of arsenic (As) from the soil. The roles of phosphate (Pi) transporters involved in Pi acquisition and arsenate (AsV) tolerance were still unclear in this species. RESULTS: In this study, two open reading frames (ORFs) of PnPht1;1 and PnPht1;2 separated from P. notoginseng were cloned based on RNA-seq, which encoded 527 and 541 amino acids, respectively. The results of relative expression levels showed that both genes responded to the Pi deficiency or As exposure, and were highly upregulated. Heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae MB192 revealed that PnPht1;1 and PnPht1;2 performed optimally in complementing the yeast Pi-transport defect, particularly in PnPht1;2. Cells expressing PnPht1;2 had a stronger AsV tolerance than PnPht1;1-expressing cells, and accumulated less As in cells under a high-Pi concentration. Combining with the result of plasma membrane localization, these data confirmed that transporters PnPht1;1 and PnPht1;2 were putative high-affinity H+/H2PO4- symporters, mediating the uptake of Pi and AsV. CONCLUSION: PnPht1;1 and PnPht1;2 encoded functional plasma membrane-localized transporter proteins that mediated a putative high-affinity Pi/H+ symport activity. Expression of PnPht1;1 or PnPht1;2 in mutant strains could enhance the uptake of Pi and AsV, that is probably responsible for the As accumulation in the roots of P. notoginseng.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013013

RESUMO

'Huaxin' is a new high-yielding timber cultivar of Camellia oleifera of high economic value, and has been widely cultivated in the red soil hilly region of Hunan Province of the People´s Republic of China in recent years. However, its quality and production are severely affected by low temperatures during flowering. To find genes related to cold tolerance and further explore new candidategenes for chilling-tolerance, Illumina NGS (Next Generation Sequencing) technology was used to perform transcriptomic analyses of C. oleifera 'Huaxin' leaves under long-term cold stress. Nine cDNA libraries were sequenced, and 58.31 Gb high-quality clean reads were obtained with an average of 5.92 Gb reads for each sample. A total of 191,150 transcripts were obtained after assembly. Among them, 100,703 unigenes were generated, and 44,610 unigenes were annotated. In total, 1564 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified both in the A_B and A_C gene sets. In the current study, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed, andrevealed a group of cold-responsive genes related to hormone regulation, photosynthesis, membrane systems, and osmoregulation; these genes encoded many key proteins in plant biological processes, such as serine/threonine-protein kinase (STPK), transcription factors (TFs), fatty acid desaturase (FAD), lipid-transfer proteins (LTPs), soluble sugars synthetases, and flavonoid biosynthetic enzymes. Some physiological indicators of C. oleifera 'Huaxin' were determined under three temperature conditions, and the results were consistent with the molecular sequencing. In addition, the expression levels of 12 DEGs were verified using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In summary, the results of DEGs analysis together with qRT-PCR tests contribute to the understanding of cold tolerance and further exploring new candidate genes for chilling-tolerance in molecular breeding programs of C. oleifera 'Huaxin'.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32108195

RESUMO

Multiple absorbers that function in different absorption regions (near infra-red (NIR) and UV-Visible (UV-Vis)) have been widely used in solar cell applications to enhance the light-harvesting. Herein, two special co-sensitizing Models 1 and 2, which feature either saturated dye IQ21 or saturated co-sensitizer S2, have been added to a TiO2 surface to explore the effect of the altered sensitizing sequence, namely the co-sensitizing ratio of IQ21/S2 and S2/IQ21 on the electrostatic potential variation (ΔV), electron injection efficiency (ηinj'), and Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), using density functional theory and first-principle molecular dynamics simulations. The ΔV related to the open-circuit voltage (Voc) is insensitive in both Models 1 and 2. However, the absorption (λabs) and ηinj' associated with the short-circuit density (Jsc) display a significant deviation (the λabs for 1 is red-shifted compared to that of 2, and the ηinj' for 1 is improved by 56%). Meanwhile, Model 1 manifests a suppressed FRET and potentially favors co-sensitizer S2 functioning as the electron-injector and not the energy-donor. Another two possible Models 3 and 4 that feature a reduced adsorption of IQ21 and S2 relative to 1 and 2 were considered further, and the result mirrors the main trend in 1 and 2, except for the ηinj'. Overall, it implies that sensitizing a larger absorber with NIR features to saturate it first, then introducing a smaller absorber with UV-Vis features, can potentially improve the electron injection and diminish electron-hole recombination considerably. Our results provide a comprehensive analysis of the active role of an optimized sensitizing sequence to improve the conversion efficiency.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020504

RESUMO

Whether intra-myocardial delivery of hydrogel can prevent post-infarct heart failure (HF) in a long follow-up period, especially after it is degraded, remains unclear. In this study, Dex-PCL-HEMA/PNIPAAm (DPHP) hydrogel was delivered into peri-infarct myocardium of rat when coronary artery was ligated, while PBS was employed as control. Twelve weeks later, compared with control, left ventricle remodeling was attenuated and cardiac function was preserved; serum brain natriuretic peptide, cardiac aldosterone, and pulmonary congestion were suppressed in hydrogel group. Pro-fibrogenic mRNA increased in infarct area while decreased in remote zone, as well as hypertrophic mRNA. These data proves DPHP hydrogel suppresses ventricular remodeling and HF by promoting fibrotic healing in infarct area and inhibiting reactive fibrosis and hypertrophy in remote zone. Timely intra-myocardial hydrogel implantation is an effective strategy to inhibit post-infarct cardiac remodeling and have a long-term beneficial effect even after it has been biodegraded.

12.
Exp Mol Med ; 52(1): 31-40, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983731

RESUMO

There is one circadian clock in the central nervous system and another in the peripheral organs, and the latter is driven by an autoregulatory molecular clock composed of several core clock genes. The height, water content, osmotic pressure and mechanical characteristics of intervertebral discs (IVDs) have been demonstrated to exhibit a circadian rhythm (CR). Recently, a molecular clock has been shown to exist in IVDs, abolition of which can lead to stress in nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs), contributing to intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process in eukaryotes and is essential for individual cells or organs to respond and adapt to changing environments; it has also been demonstrated to occur in human NPCs. Increasing evidence supports the hypothesis that autophagy is associated with CR. Thus, we review the connection between CR and autophagy and the roles of these mechanisms in IDD.

13.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 180: 113078, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911286

RESUMO

The occurrence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will lead to physiological and pathological variations and endogenous metabolic disorders. A traditional Chinese medicine formula, HuaTanJiangQi decoction (HTJQ), exhibits an unambiguous therapeutic effect on COPD in China. Nevertheless, the mechanism of its therapeutic effect on COPD is not clear. With this purpose, pulmonary function, histopathological and the inflammatory factors in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in rats model of COPD were investigated. Then, ultra high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS) analysis and multivariate statistical analysis were used to further reveal the mechanism of HTJQ therapeutic effect on COPD via metabolomics study. The results showed that the characteristics of lung tissues were significantly reversed, the concentration of LTB4 and LTC4 were gradually decreased, and the lung function began to recover after HTJQ treatment. These typical indicators of COPD in HTJQ intervention group were reversed similar to the control group, suggested that HTJQ has a therapeutic effect on COPD. Moreover, 32 dysregulated metabolites, including Thromboxane a2, Sphingosine 1-phosphate, PC(18:2(9Z,12Z)/18:1(11Z)), Leukotriene B4, Glutathione, Arachidonic acid, Sphingosylphosphocholine acid, N-Acetyl-leukotriene e4, Lysopc(18:1(11Z)), L-Cysteine, and Guanosine diphosphate. All the altered metabolites were associated with the onset and development of COPD, and involved in glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and arachidonic acid metabolism, which were significantly changed in rats model with COPD. Generally, these findings provide a systematic view of metabolic changes linked to the onset and development of COPD, also indicated that HTJQ could provide satisfactory therapeutic effects on COPD and metabolomics study can be utilized to further understand the molecular mechanisms.

14.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatty alcohols are the precursors of sex pheromone components, wax esters and hydrocarbons in insects. Fatty acyl-CoA reductases (FARs) are important enzymes required for the reduction of fatty alcohol and thereby contribute to the production of cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC). RESULTS: Based on bioinformatics analyses we identified 17 FAR genes in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. RNA interference against these genes demonstrated that ten NlFAR genes were essential for the survival of N. lugens. For instance, knockdown of NlFAR5, 6, 11 or 15 was lethal and caused a slender body shape, while the old cuticles of the respective animals remained attached to the abdomen or failed to split open from the nota. Knockdown of NlFAR9 resulted in a phenotype, with a smooth body surface and a decrease in CHC amounts. Similarly, CHC deficiency in N. lugens resulted in increased adhesion of water droplets and secreted honeydew to the insect surface and the inability of N. lugens to survive in paddy fields with varying humidity. Knockdown of NlFAR1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11 and 13 additionally resulted in female adult infertility. CONCLUSION: The present study illustrates the structural and functional differences of FAR family genes and provides potential targets for RNA interference-based rice planthopper management. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

15.
J Immunother Cancer ; 8(1)2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is well known as a highly immunogenic tumor, only a small subset of patients could benefit from current immunotherapy, which might be due to the heterogeneity of immune microenvironment in ccRCC. So, it is meaningful to explore novel immunotherapy or combination therapy for improving therapeutic efficacy. HHLA2, a newly discovered B7 family member, is prevalently expressed in numerous tumors, including ccRCC. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of HHLA2/PD-L1 co-expression and its relationship with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). METHODS: The expression levels of HHLA2, PD-L1, CD8, and CD4 in cancer tissues from cases (206 in the training cohort and 197 in the validation cohort) with surgically resectable primary ccRCC were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The positive rates of HHLA2 were much higher than those of PD-L1 in ccRCC tissues. HHLA2-positive expression was significantly associated with necrosis, microvascular invasion, advanced Fuhrman nuclear, and TNM stage and indicated a shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in both cohorts. Moreover, patients with HHLA2/PD-L1 co-expression suffered the highest risk of disease progression and death by a significant margin. Besides, HHLA2/PD-L1 co-expression was significantly associated with a high density of CD8+ and CD4+ TILs. Notably, a new immune classification, based on HHLA2/PD-L1 co-expression and TILs, successfully stratified PFS and OS, especially in patients with TILs positivity. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of HHLA2 is more frequent than PD-L1 in ccRCC. HHLA2/PD-L1 co-expression had an adverse impact on the prognoses of patients with ccRCC; this finding provides a rationale for combination immunotherapy with anti-HHLA2 and PD-L1 blockage for patients with ccRCC in the future.

16.
J Telemed Telecare ; 26(1-2): 3-13, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153767

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Telehealth intervention has been proposed as a sustainable and innovative intervention approach to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, but there are still conflicting results in the literature about its effect. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of telehealth intervention for PD patients. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from the inception to June 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, without language restrictions. When feasible, data were statistically pooled for meta-analysis using Review Manager 5.3. Otherwise, narrative summaries were used. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included. With respect to PD severity, compared with usual care, telehealth intervention was beneficial in lowering motor impairment of PD patients significantly (mean difference (MD) = -2.27, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) -4.25 to -0.29, p = 0.02), rather than mental status (MD = -0.98, 95% CI -2.61 to 0.65, p = 0.24), activities of daily living (MD = -1.51, 95% CI -4.91 to 1.89, p = 0.38) and motor complications (MD = -0.36, 95% CI -1.31 to 0.59, p = 0.46). Telehealth intervention did not lead to significant reduction in quality of life (standardized mean difference (SMD) = 0.04, 95% CI -0.20 to 0.28, p = 0.76), depression (SMD = -0.12, 95% CI -0.37 to 0.13, p = 0.34), cognition (MD = 0.37, 95% CI -0.34 to 1.09, p = 0.31) and balance (MD = 0.09, 95% CI -2.49 to 2.66, p = 0.95). DISCUSSION: Telehealth intervention is an effective option for individuals with PD to improve their motor impairment. Further well-designed studies are warranted to confirm our findings.

17.
Virology ; 539: 92-103, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706164

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) has been reported to counteract the innate immune responses through interfering with the pattern recognition receptors signaling activated by retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS). Here, we showed that, compared to the HBx derived from genotype (gt) A, C and D, HBx of gtB exhibited more potent inhibitory activity on the RIG-I-MAVS-mediated interferon-ß promoter activation. Functional analysis of the genotype-associated differences in amino acid sequence and the reciprocal mutation experiments in transient-transfection and infection cell models revealed that HBx with asparagine (N) and glutamic acid (E) at 118-119 positions inhibited RIG-I signaling and interacted with MAVS more efficiently than that with lysine (K) and aspartic acid (D). An impaired RIG-I-induced MAVS aggregation was observed in the presence of HBx-118N119E while MAVS-TRAF3 interaction was not affected. These results implicated that HBx gene heterogeneity may affect the innate immune responses to HBV infection.

18.
J Clin Neurosci ; 71: 9-14, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864829

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. However, the differential expressions of NK cells in the peripheral blood of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are unknown. This study aimed to explore the differential expressions of NK cells in NMOSD and MS and evaluate the clinical implications of this difference. We performed a cross-sectional study to investigate the expression of NK cells in the peripheral blood of patients with NMOSD (n = 78) and MS (n = 24) and of healthy controls (HC, n = 27). Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between NK cell level and disease phase in 102 patients with NMOSD and MS through Spearman correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Our results showed that the median (interquartile range) NK cell levels in acute-phase NMOSD patients, remission-phase NMOSD patients, acute-phase MS patients, and HC subjects were 114.10 (64.75-153.38) cells/µL, 167.60 (116.35-266.15) cells/µL, 282.55 (140.57-368.20) cells/µL, and 221.00 (170.40-269.55) cells/µL, respectively (p < 0.001). The Spearman correlation coefficient (95%) for the relationship between NK level and disease phase in NMOSD patients was 0.366 (0.150-0.550) (p < 0.001). Furthermore, ROC analysis revealed that patients with NK cell values lower than 172.200 cells/µL were more prone to have acute-phase NMOSD than MS. In conclusion, the expression of NK cells in peripheral blood was lower in patients with NMOSD than in patients with MS in the acute phase, and a low expression of NK cells may suggest having acute-phase NMOSD rather than MS.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(1): 232-241, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854924

RESUMO

This study assesses the spatial distribution characteristics and ecological risk of phthalate esters (PAEs) in the surface sediments of the mainstream and tributaries of the Songhua River, China, using concentrations and composition of six PAEs, which were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometery (GC-MS). We assess the ∑6PAEs ecological risk using the hazard quotient (HQ) method and environmental risk levels (ERL). The results were as follows. ① It was found that the total concentrations of ∑6PAEs ranged from 6832.5 to 36298.9 ng·g-1 dry weight (average 18388.6 ng·g-1), with the main contributions coming from di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP). The difference between the main stream ∑6PAEs (6832.5-36298.9 ng·g-1, average 18616.9 ng·g-1) and the tributary ∑6PAEs (10367.6-26593.3 ng·g-1, average 18264.1 ng·g-1) was not significant (P >0.05). The mean concentrations of individual PAEs in the tributary stream differed little from that of the main stream. The ∑6PAEs concentration of the Songhua River decreased initially but then increased from the upstream to the downstream. The average ∑6PAEs concentration in natural agricultural areas (18677.5 ng·g-1) was similar to that found in urban industrial areas (18063.7 ng·g-1), and DBP and DEHP contributed 98% of ∑6PAEs. ② The main sources of ∑6PAEs were domestic, agricultural production, and industrial production using plasticizers. ③ The ecological risk assessment indicated that DMP and BBP in the surface sediments of the Songhua River did not pose an ecological risk for aquatic organisms, and that DEP was associated with a low ecological risk, whereas DEHP and DBP posed a high ecological risk for aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Ésteres/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Dibutilftalato , Medição de Risco
20.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2462, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798487

RESUMO

The reasons for the relationship between depression and chronic liver disease (CLD) are complex and multifactorial. Further research is needed to decipher the etiology and establish an optimal management approach for depression in patients, including the potential role of non-pharmacological treatments. monosodium glutamate (MSG)-treated rats are more likely to develop anxiogenic- and depressive-like behaviors, which could be related to the dysfunction of serotonergic system. In this study, partial hepatectomy (PH) was performed in MSG-treated rats and the histopathological changes were observed in orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and liver. The effect of escitalopram, a widely used antidepressant, on neural and liver injury in this model was also examined. The MSG + PH-treated rats displayed decreased distances traveled in total, in center arena, and in the left side of arena in inner open field test (OFT), as compared to saline, saline + PH, and MSG-treated animals. The present study established that PH aggravated anxiety-like depressive behaviors in MSG-treated rats, concordant with damaged Nissl bodies (and neurites), decreased IBA-1 and Sox-2 expression in OFC and neurotransmitter disorder. Escitalopram treatment could alleviate these pathological changes as well as reduce hepatic steatosis and lipid metabolism.

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