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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 54, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The growing utilization of needle biopsy has challenged the current pathology consensus of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). The aims of this study were to identify the histological characteristics of needle biopsy and surgical specimens and evaluate the ability of needle biopsy in histological diagnosis of IgG4-RD. METHODS: Biopsies from patients who were referred to as IgG4-RD by the 2019 ACR/EULAR IgG4-RD classification criteria in Peking University People's Hospital from 2012 to 2019 were re-evaluated. Typical histological features and diagnostic categories were compared between needle biopsy and surgical biopsy. RESULTS: In total, 69 patients met the 2019 ACR/EULAR classification criteria and 72 biopsies of them were re-evaluated. All cases showed lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, while storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis were only present in 35 (48.6%) and 23 (31.9%) specimens, respectively. Storiform fibrosis was more likely to be seen in retroperitoneum lesion (P = 0.033). Surgical biopsy showed significantly higher IgG4+ plasma cells/high-power field (IgG4/HPF) count (P < 0.01) and higher proportion of IgG4/HPF > 10 (P < 0.01). No significant difference was observed with regard to the ratio of IgG4+ plasma cells/IgG+ plasma cells (IgG4/IgG) (P = 0.399), storiform fibrosis (P = 0.739), and obliterative phletibis (P = 0.153). According to the 2011 comprehensive diagnostic criteria, patients who performed a needle biopsy were less likely to be probable IgG4-RD (P = 0.045). Based on the 2011 pathology consensus, needle biopsy was less likely to be diagnosed as IgG4-RD (P < 0.01), especially to be highly suggestive IgG4-RD (P < 0.01). Only 1/18 (5.6%) needle salivary specimens fulfilled the cutoff of IgG4/HPF > 100, which was significantly less than 15/23 (65.2%) of surgical ones (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Needle biopsy shows an inferiority in detecting IgG4/HPF count but not in IgG4/IgG ratio, storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phlebitis. Compared with surgical samples, needle biopsy is less likely to obtain a histological diagnosis of IgG4-RD. A different IgG4/HPF threshold for needle biopsy of the salivary glands may be considered.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify novel autoantigens from circulating immune complexes (CICs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and further explore their clinical significance. METHODS: From serum samples of 10 early RA (ERA) patients and 10 healthy donors, CICs were isolated and subjected to orbitrap mass spectrometry for autoantigen identification. Antibodies against the peptidoglycan recognition protein-2 (PGLYRP-2) derived from CICs were further detected by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 178 patients with RA, compared with 59 osteoarthritis (OA), 59 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 55 ankylosing spondylitis (AS), 95 primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and 50 healthy controls (HC). RESULTS: Thirty-three potential antigens out of 323 proteins were identified from CICs of RA patients. The autoantibodies to PGLYRP-2 were significantly increased in RA patients with 42.70% sensitivity and 85.20% specificity in comparison to other rheumatic diseases and healthy controls. The prevalence of anti-PGLYRP-2 was also elevated in subgroups of RA, with 34.72% in ERA, 35.29% in RF negative and 42.86% in anti-CCP negative patients. Further analysis suggested that anti-PGLYRP-2 was potentially accompanied with production of other autoantibodies in RA. In addition, we found by homology analysis that an epitope of PGLYRP-2442-447 mimics amino acid residues 431-436 of N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase (NAMLAA) in actinomyces naeslundii. CONCLUSIONS: Autoantibody against PGLYRP-2 was identified as a promising biomarker in RA, especially in early and seronegative patients.

3.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139947

RESUMO

The emergence of COVID-19 in early 2020 led to unprecedented changes to rheumatology clinical practice worldwide, including the closure of research laboratories, the restructuring of hospitals and the rapid transition to virtual care. As governments sought to slow and contain the spread of the disease, rheumatologists were presented with the difficult task of managing risks, to their patients as well as to themselves, while learning and implementing new systems for remote health care. Consequently, the COVID-19 pandemic led to a transformation in health infrastructures and telemedicine that could become powerful tools for rheumatologists, despite having some limitations. In this Viewpoint, five experts from different regions discuss their experiences of the pandemic, including the most challenging aspects of this unexpected transition, the advantages and limitations of virtual visits, and potential opportunities going forward.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) were previously shown to promote a proinflammatory T helper (Th) 17 response in autoimmune conditions, a potential impact of the MDSC-Th17 immune axis on abnormal bone destruction in RA remains largely unknown. METHODS: We investigated the correlation between the frequency of MDSCs or its subsets and joint destruction in RA patients. The reciprocal actions of patient-derived MDSCs and Th17 cells were studied using osteoclast (OC) differentiation and bone resorption assays in vitro, which were further validated using mouse models of RA. Contribution of MDSCs to osteoclastogenesis and bone erosion in vivo was determined by depletion or transfer of MDSCs. RESULTS: Human MDSCs, particularly monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs), exhibit inherent OC-differentiating capacity and positively correlate with clinical bone erosion in RA patients. Strikingly, patient-derived M-MDSCs can program Th17 cells towards a pro-osteoclastogenic phenotype, which in return potentiates OC differentiation via the receptor activator of nuclear factor κΒ ligand (RANK-L)-RANK signalling. This enhanced osteolysis driven by the reciprocal actions of M-MDSCs and Th17 cells is further confirmed using mouse models of RA. Selective depletion of M-MDSCs significantly ameliorates osteoclastogenesis and disease severity in arthritic mice, whereas transfer of M-MDSCs aggravates bone erosion associated with increased OCs in recipient mice. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the functional plasticity of MDSCs and identify a novel pro-osteoclastogenic pathway governed by interplay between myeloid cells and T lymphocytes in autoimmune RA.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(48): e22498, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235058

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cyclophosphamide (CY) is an alkylating agent used widely to treat cancer and autoimmune diseases. Hyponatremia is a common adverse effect of high-dose and moderate-dose of intravenous CY, but is rare in patients treated with low-dose (<15 mg/kg). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old woman with new-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was treated with low-dose cyclophosphamide (8 mg/kg, CY), but showed sudden headaches, disorientation and weakness. Laboratory examinations revealed severe isovolumic hyponatremia along with low-serum osmolality and high urine osmolality. DIAGNOSIS: The acute hyponatremia was consistent with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and was an adverse event of low-dose CY, with no evidence of endocrine, cancer, pulmonary, or cerebral abnormalities relevant to the SIADH. INTERVENTION: The hyponatremia was resolved after the supplementation of NaCl solution. OUTCOMES: The hyponatremia was resolved without any complications. LESSONS: Hyponatremia induced by low-dose CY should be recognized as an underlying life-threatening complication in clinical practice.

6.
Adv Ther ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237533

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Baricitinib is an oral, selective inhibitor of Janus kinase which demonstrates clinical efficacy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This report aims to analyze the onset time of baricitinib in Chinese patients with moderately to severely active RA who had an inadequate response to methotrexate. METHODS: This post hoc analysis evaluated clinical improvements of Chinese patients treated with baricitinib 4 mg once daily compared with placebo, based on data from a phase 3 study RA-BALANCE. Efficacy measures including American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response, ACR core set values, Disease Activity Score modified to include the 28 diarthrodial joint count (DAS28) using high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Simplified Disease Activity Index, Clinical Disease Activity Index, DAS28-hsCRP ≤ 3.2 response (low disease activity), and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) were evaluated at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16, 20, and 24 (except for FACIT-F evaluated every 4 weeks). A logistic regression model and an analysis of covariance model were used to analyze treatment comparisons of categorical and continuous measures, respectively. RESULTS: Statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) improvements were observed as early as week 1 or 2 for the baricitinib group compared to placebo in almost all main efficacy measures. For other outcomes including 66 swollen joint count, 68 tender joint count, FACIT-F, and DAS28-hsCRP ≤ 3.2 response rate, differences were evident (p ≤ 0.05) by week 4 in the baricitinib group compared with placebo. Significant improvements in all efficacy measures were sustained through 24 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Baricitinib demonstrated a rapid onset of efficacy on ACR20 response, ACR core set values, disease activity, and patient-reported outcome improvements in Chinese patients from RA-BALANCE. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02265705.

8.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multiple physiological and pathological conditions interfere with the function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, much remains unknown regarding the impact of ER stress on toll-like receptors (TLRs) -induced inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of ER stress and its regulator, X-box-binding protein-1 (XBP-1), on the inflammatory response of RA synovial fibroblasts (RASF) to different TLRs ligands. METHODS: ER stress was induced in RASF by incubating with thapsigargin (Tg). TLR2 ligand Pam3CSK4, TLR3 ligand PolyIC, TLR4 ligand LPS were used to stimulate the cells. Effects of ER stress on TLRs-induced inflammatory mediators were determined by using RT-PCR, qPCR and ELISA analysis. Western blots analysis was used to detected the signalling pathways in this process. For gene silencing experiment, control scrambled or XBP-1 specific siRNA were transfected into RASF. T helper (Th)1/Th17 cells expansion was determined by flow cytometry analysis, and IFN-γ/IL-17A production in supernatants were collected for ELISA assay. RESULTS: ER stress potentiated the expression of inflammatory cytokines, MMPs and VEGF in RASF stimulated by different TLRs ligands, which was companied with enhanced the activation of NF-κB and MAPKs signalling pathways. Silencing XBP-1 in RASF could dampen TLRs signalling-simulated inflammatory response under ER stress. Moreover, blockade of XBP-1 reduced the generation of Th1 and Th17 cells mediated by RASF, and suppressed the production of IFN-γ and IL-17A. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ER stress and XBP-1 may function in conjunction with TLRs to drive the inflammation of RASF, and this pathway may serve as a therapeutic target for the disease.

9.
Trials ; 21(1): 795, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic disease in older adults. Currently, there are no effective therapies to reduce disease severity and progression of knee OA (KOA), particularly in mid- to late-stages. This study aims to examine the effect of methotrexate (MTX) on knee effusion-synovitis and pain in symptomatic patients with mid- to late-stage KOA. METHODS/DESIGN: This protocol describes a multicentre randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial aiming to recruit 200 participants with mid- to late-stage symptomatic KOA and with effusion-synovitis grade of ≥ 2. Participants will be randomly allocated to the MTX group (start from 5 mg per week for the first 2 weeks and increase to 10 mg per week for the second 2 weeks and 15 mg per week for the remaining period if tolerated) or the placebo group. Primary outcomes are effusion-synovitis size measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and knee pain assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS). Secondary outcomes are signal intensity alteration within infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) total score and subscores, and the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Arthritis Clinical Trials-Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OMERACT-OARSI) responders. Both intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses will be performed. DISCUSSION: If MTX intervention can relieve symptoms and reduce inflammation in patients with mid- to late-stage KOA, it has the potential for significant clinical and public health impact as this low-cost and commonly used intervention would delay the time to knee replacement, leading to substantial cost savings and improve quality of life. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03815448 . Registered on 21 January 2019.

10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 142-149, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum soluble CD25 (sCD25) is associated with T cell activation and regarded as a marker of disease activity in autoimmune disorders. The purpose of our study was to investigate the clinical relevance of sCD25 in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Sixty-five pSS patients and 60 healthy controls (HCs) with comparable age and gender were recruited. Serum samples were collected and sCD25 concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Clinical and laboratory changes were examined after 12 weeks of treatment, and data were recorded in detail. The European League Against Rheumatism Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI) was used to evaluate disease activity. RESULTS: Serum sCD25 levels were significantly increased in pSS patients, compared to HCs (p<0.001). The increased sCD25 were positively associated with ESSDAI scores (p=0.006), especially the haematological domain (p=0.002), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and levels of C-reactive protein, immunoglobulin G and γ-globulin (p<0.001, <0.001, 0.045 and 0.011, respectively). High sCD25 was strongly associated with anaemia (p=0.014) and was inversely correlated with haemoglobin levels (p=0.002). In further analysis, we found that patients with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) had the highest levels of sCD25, followed by patients with chronic disease of anaemia (ACD) and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA). With the improvement after treatment, serum sCD25 levels were significantly decreased, accompanied by resolved anaemia compared to baseline (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: sCD25 was associated with disease severity, especially anaemia in patients with pSS and may serve as an indicator of disease activity.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2 , Síndrome de Sjogren , Biomarcadores , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico
11.
Rheumatol Ther ; 7(4): 851-866, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876903

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Baricitinib is an oral selective inhibitor of Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and JAK 2, which has demonstrated significant efficacy in patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This analysis aims to describe the efficacy and safety of baricitinib in Chinese RA patients with an inadequate response to methotrexate (MTX-IR), and to analyze the effects of baseline characteristics on the efficacy of baricitinib treatment. METHODS: In this 52-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 231 Chinese patients with moderately to severely active RA who had MTX-IR were randomly assigned to placebo (n = 115) or baricitinib 4 mg once daily (n = 116). The primary endpoint was American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response at week 12. Other efficacy measures included ACR50, ACR70, Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity, Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity, patient's assessment of pain, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, remission and low disease activity rates according to Simplified Disease Activity Index or Clinical Disease Activity Index, Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, and mean duration and severity of morning joint stiffness, worst tiredness and worst joint pain were analyzed. Additionally, subgroup analyses were performed across baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Statistically significant improvement in ACR20 response was achieved with baricitinib at week 12 (53.4 vs. 22.6%, p = 0.001) in Chinese patients, compared to placebo. Most of the secondary objectives were met with statistically significant improvements. Efficacy of baricitinib was irrespective of patient demographics and baseline characteristics. Safety events were similar between the baricitinib and placebo groups. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of baricitinib 4 mg in Chinese patients with moderately to severely active RA and prior MTX-IR was clinically significant compared to placebo regardless of baseline characteristics. Baricitinib was well tolerated with an acceptable safety profile during the full study period. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02265705.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32793960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is recently recognized as a fibro-inflammatory condition featured by tumefactive lesions in multiple organs, and the retroperitoneum is one of the common involved sites. We undertook this study to compare detailed demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of IgG4-RD patients with retroperitoneum lesion (IgG4-RD RPF+) and retroperitoneum free IgG4-RD (IgG4-RD RPF-) in a large cohort. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of the medical records of 407 cases of IgG4-RD diagnosed at Peking University People's Hospital between March 2009 and May 2019. RESULTS: Among 407 patients, 58 had retroperitoneum affected. As compared with IgG4-RD RPF- patients, IgG4-RD RPF+ patients showed older age at disease onset and diagnosis. IgG4-RD RPF+ group involved more male patients. In terms of organ involvement, IgG4-RD RPF+ group was more frequently presented with kidney involvement, while salivary gland, lacrimal gland and pancreas were more prominent in the IgG4-RD RPF- group. In addition, the CRP, ESR level and creatinine level were significantly higher in IgG4-RD RPF+ patients, and hypocomplementemia were more common in this group. CONCLUSION: We have revealed demographic, clinical and laboratory differences between IgG4-RD RPF+ and RPF- patients, which indicated potential differences in pathogenesis and important implications for the diagnosis and management of these two phenotypes.

15.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) ; 10(5): 1181-1184, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648206

RESUMO

Hypomyopathic dermatomyositis (DM) presents with cutaneous lesions consistent with dermatomyositis but in the absence of clinically appreciable muscle weakness. The cutaneous manifestations are often refractory and more resistant to conventional therapy than concomitant muscle involvement. We present a 61-year-old hypomyopathic patient with DM who failed to respond to standard therapy but was successfully treated by low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) with no significant side effects. We conclude that low-dose IL-2 is a safe and effective treatment for hypomyopathic DM.

16.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 23(7): 898-910, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613764

RESUMO

AIM: Carers may offer valuable insight into the true health status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This multinational, multi-stakeholder, exploratory study in Australia, China and Japan aimed to enrich our understanding of the role and potential impact of carers on RA management. METHOD: This study used a 2-phase sequential mixed methods approach involving 3 key stakeholder groups: rheumatologists, RA patients and carers. The first phase involved an in-depth qualitative exploratory survey (n = 30), which informed the development of the subsequent quantitative validation survey (n = 908). In both phases, patients and carers provided self-assessments of disease and support parameters. RESULTS: In the qualitative phase, patients usually understated the amount of physical support required, compared to carers. Rheumatologists underestimated the amount of physical and emotional care required, compared to carers and patients; however, in the quantitative phase, rheumatologists overestimated the level of support provided by carers. Levels of support provided by carers increased as disease severity increased. Active participation of carers in clinical consultations and treatment decision-making was deemed important by 55% of all patients and 82% of all carers. All stakeholders believed carers' insights into the physical and emotional conditions of patients were useful and should be considered in clinical decision-making. Over 95% of rheumatologists reported soliciting input from the carer. CONCLUSION: Carers provide valuable input that can give clinicians greater insight into the patients' physical and emotional states, and treatment adherence. Development of standardized carer-reported outcomes that correlate with patient-reported outcomes and clinical parameters will ensure clinical meaningfulness and external validity.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Influenza vaccination is effective in preventing infections in most people. This study aimed to assess the changes of immune responses in primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) patients after influenza vaccination and determine the safety of influenza vaccination. METHODS: A total of 17 patients with pSS and 16 healthy controls (HCs) were included. Peripheral mononuclear cells were analysed by flow cytometry. Vaccine-specific antibodies were determined by ELISA. Clinical features and serological responses were monitored. RESULTS: The percentages of T follicular helper cell (Tfh) were significantly elevated in HCs after vaccination (P=0.0005), while no significant differences in the levels of Tfh in pSS patients were identified (P=0.1748). The proportions of Th2 cells were significantly decreased after vaccination in both pSS patients and HCs (P<0.05). In contrast, the percentages of Th1 cells and Th17 cells were significantly increased after vaccination in pSS patients (P<0.05), while no significant differences in the percentages of Th1 and Th17 cells were identified in HCs (P>0.05), although a trend towards higher levels of Th1 cells was observed (P=0.0830). No significant changes in the proportions of memory B cells and plasmablasts were observed after vaccination. Patients with pSS developed higher levels of vaccine-specific IgGs compared with HCs (P=0.001). No significant changes in disease manifestations and laboratory parameters were observed after vaccination. No increased vaccination related adverse effect was observed in pSS. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest the feasibility of applying influenza vaccines to patients with pSS, raising awareness for vaccination among the rheumatology community and involved healthcare professionals.

18.
Lupus ; 29(11): 1346-1352, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lupus fundus abnormalities are a sight-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its pathogenesis remains to be studied. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics associated with the presence of anti-recoverin antibodies in patients with SLE, especially those with fundus abnormalities. METHODS: Seventy-six participants were enrolled, including 21 patients with fundus abnormalities (fundus group), 30 patients without fundus abnormalities (non-fundus group) and 25 healthy individuals. Serum anti-recoverin antibody levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and clinical and laboratory data were obtained from medical records. RESULTS: Compared with the non-fundus group, the fundus group had a higher incidence of hematuria (p < 0.05). The Systemic Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) score in the fundus group was significantly higher than the non-fundus group (21.48 ± 8.06 versus 10.80 ± 5.74, p < 0.001). The levels of serum anti-recoverin antibodies in the fundus group were significantly higher than the non-fundus group (p = 0.029) or the healthy control group (p = 0.011). Anti-recoverin-negative and -positive patients differed on a number of clinical parameters, including incidence of fever, rash, antinuclear antibody, anti-dsDNA antibody, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, immunoglobulin G, complement C3 and complement C4. The average SLEDAI score of anti-recoverin-positive patients was significantly higher than anti-recoverin-negative patients (17.73 ± 8.11 versus 12.56 ± 8.37, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-recoverin antibodies were related to higher disease activities in SLE, especially those with fundus abnormalities, suggesting that anti-recoverin antibodies may play an important role in the pathogenesis of fundus abnormalities in SLE.

19.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(12): 1397-1403, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intensive therapy with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) has been reported to improve the outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, real-world study on the effect of intensive therapy on RA sustained remission is still lacking. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of sustained intensive DMARD therapy (SUIT) for RA in a real-world 5-year consecutive cohort. METHODS: Based on a consecutive cohort of 610 out-patients with RA, remission of RA was assessed in 541 patients from 2012 to 2017, by dividing into SUIT, non-SUIT, and intermittent SUIT (Int-SUIT) groups. Changes in the disease activity scores were evaluated by 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), 28-joint disease activity score based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), and clinical deep remission criteria (CliDR). Cumulative remission rates between different groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves and predictive factors of sustained remission were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The remission rates of the SUIT group decreased from 12.0% (65/541) to 5.6% (20/359) based on DAS28-ESR, from 14.0% (76/541) to 7.2% (26/359) based on DAS28-CRP, and from 8.5% (46/541) to 3.1% (11/359) based on CliDR, respectively, with a gradually decreasing trend during the 5 years. The SUIT regimen led to a significantly higher cumulative remission rate than non-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 19.5%, P = 0.001), DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 19.6%, P = 0.001), and CliDR (24.5% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.001). The cumulative remission rates of patients treated with SUIT regimen were significantly higher than those treated with Int-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 25.7%, P = 0.043) and CliDR (24.5% vs. 14.2%, P = 0.047), but there was no significant difference between the two groups based on DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 27.4%, P = 0.066). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of SUIT regimen was an independent favorable predictor according to different remission definitions (for DAS28-ESR: odds ratio [OR], 2.215, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.271-3.861, P = 0.005; for DAS28-CRP: OR, 1.520, 95% CI: 1.345-1.783, P = 0.002; for CliDR: OR, 1.525, 95% CI: 1.314-1.875, P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Sustained intensive treatment of RA is an optimal strategy in daily practice and will lead to an increased remission rate.

20.
J Autoimmun ; 112: 102504, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576412

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint molecules play pivotal roles in maintaining the immune homeostasis. Targeting these molecules, such as the classical Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Antigen 4 (CTLA4) and Programmed Cell Death Protein 1 (PD1), achieves great success in treating cancers. However, not all the patients respond well. This urges the immunologists to identify novel immune checkpoint molecules. Lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG3; CD223) is a newly identified inhibitory receptor. It is expressed on a variety of immune cells, including CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, Tregs, B cells, and NK cells. Its unique intracellular domains, signaling patterns as well as the striking synergy observed in its targeted therapy with anti-PD1 indicate the important role of LAG3 in maintaining immune tolerance. Currently, a variety of agents targeting LAG3 are in clinical trials, revealing great perspectives in the future immunotherapy. In this review, we briefly summarize the studies on LAG3, including its structure, isoforms, ligands, signaling, function, roles in multiple diseases, as well as the latest targeted therapeutic advances, with particular concern on the potential association of LAG3 with autoimmune diseases.

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