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2.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(11): 2207-2215, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546186

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Screening is the pivotal strategy to relieve the burden of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in high-risk areas. The cost, invasiveness, and accessibility of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) necessitate the development of preliminary screening methods. METHODS: Residents aged 40-85 years were recruited in a high-risk area of ESCC. Esophageal cells were collected using an approved novel capsule sponge, and cytology slides were scanned by a trained artificial intelligence (AI) system before cytologists provided confirmation. Atypical squamous cell or more severe diagnosis was defined as positive cytology. AI-based abnormal cell counts were also reported. EGD was performed subsequently with biopsy as needed. Diagnostic accuracy, adverse events, and acceptability of cytology testing were assessed. Esophageal high-grade lesions (ESCC and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia) were the primary target lesions. RESULTS: In total, 1,844 participants were enrolled, and 20 (1.1%) high-grade lesions were confirmed by endoscopic biopsy. The AI-assisted cytologist-confirmed cytology showed good diagnostic accuracy, with a sensitivity of 90.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 76.9%-100.0%), specificity of 93.7% (95% CI, 92.6%-94.8%), and positive predictive value of 13.5% (95% CI, 7.70%-19.3%) for detecting high-grade lesions. The area under the receiver operation characteristics curve was 0.926 (95% CI, 0.850-1.000) and 0.949 (95% CI, 0.890-1.000) for AI-assisted cytologist-confirmed cytology and AI-based abnormal cell count, respectively. The numbers of EGD could be reduced by 92.5% (from 99.2 to 7.4 to detect 1 high-grade lesion) if only cytology-positive participants were referred to endoscopy. No serious adverse events were documented during the cell collection process, and 96.1% participants reported this process as acceptable. DISCUSSION: The AI-assisted sponge cytology is feasible, safe, and acceptable for ESCC screening in community, with high accuracy for detecting esophageal squamous high-grade lesions.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(31): 5232-5246, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence in colonoscopy is an emerging field, and its application may help colonoscopists improve inspection quality and reduce the rate of missed polyps and adenomas. Several deep learning-based computer-assisted detection (CADe) techniques were established from small single-center datasets, and unrepresentative learning materials might confine their application and generalization in wide practice. Although CADes have been reported to identify polyps in colonoscopic images and videos in real time, their diagnostic performance deserves to be further validated in clinical practice. AIM: To train and test a CADe based on multicenter high-quality images of polyps and preliminarily validate it in clinical colonoscopies. METHODS: With high-quality screening and labeling from 55 qualified colonoscopists, a dataset consisting of over 71000 images from 20 centers was used to train and test a deep learning-based CADe. In addition, the real-time diagnostic performance of CADe was tested frame by frame in 47 unaltered full-ranged videos that contained 86 histologically confirmed polyps. Finally, we conducted a self-controlled observational study to validate the diagnostic performance of CADe in real-world colonoscopy with the main outcome measure of polyps per colonoscopy in Changhai Hospital. RESULTS: The CADe was able to identify polyps in the test dataset with 95.0% sensitivity and 99.1% specificity. For colonoscopy videos, all 86 polyps were detected with 92.2% sensitivity and 93.6% specificity in frame-by-frame analysis. In the prospective validation, the sensitivity of CAD in identifying polyps was 98.4% (185/188). Folds, reflections of light and fecal fluid were the main causes of false positives in both the test dataset and clinical colonoscopies. Colonoscopists can detect more polyps (0.90 vs 0.82, P < 0.001) and adenomas (0.32 vs 0.30, P = 0.045) with the aid of CADe, particularly polyps < 5 mm and flat polyps (0.65 vs 0.57, P < 0.001; 0.74 vs 0.67, P = 0.001, respectively). However, high efficacy is not realized in colonoscopies with inadequate bowel preparation and withdrawal time (P = 0.32; P = 0.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: CADe is feasible in the clinical setting and might help endoscopists detect more polyps and adenomas, and further confirmation is warranted.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Aprendizado Profundo , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia , Computadores , Humanos
4.
Pancreatology ; 21(7): 1311-1316, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The carboxyl-ester lipase (CEL) gene contains a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) region. It remains unclear whether the number of repeats in the CEL VNTR is related to the risk of pancreatic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CEL VNTR length is associated with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP), alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP), or pancreatic cancer in a cohort of Chinese patients. METHODS: CEL VNTRs were genotyped in patients diagnosed with ICP (n = 771), ACP (n = 222), or pancreatic cancer (n = 263), and in healthy controls (n = 927). CEL VNTR lengths were determined using a screening method combining PCR and DNA fragment analysis. RESULTS: Overall, the CEL VNTR lengths ranged from 5 to 22 repeats, with the 16-repeat allele ('normal' size, N) accounting for 73.82% of all observed alleles. The VNTR allele frequencies and genotype distributions were not significantly different between healthy controls and patients with ACP or pancreatic cancer. For the ICP group, allele frequencies did not differ significantly from the controls, while the frequency of the SS genotype (homozygosity for 5-15 repeats) was significantly higher in the patients (4.67%) than in the controls (1.94%) (p = 0.0014; OR = 2.47; 95% CI = 1.39-4.39). CONCLUSIONS: There were no associations between the CEL VNTR length and ACP or pancreatic cancer. However, homozygosity for short VNTR lengths may confer susceptibility to ICP.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Both environmental factors, such as alcohol consumption and smoking, and genetic factors are strongly associated with the risk of developing chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, comprehensive understanding of their impacts on the progression of CP remains elusive. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed on a large cohort of CP patients with known genetic backgrounds. The cumulative incidence of pancreatic insufficiency after the onset of CP was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis also was performed. RESULTS: A total of 798 patients were enrolled in the study and followed up for 10.5 years. Rare pathogenic genotypes in the SPINK1, PRSS1, CTRC, or CFTR genes were identified in 410 (51.4%) patients. The development of pancreatic insufficiency was significantly earlier in patients with a history of smoking and/or alcohol consumption in both the positive (P < .001) and negative (P = .001) gene mutation groups. However, the development of pancreatic insufficiency did not differ significantly between patients with and without gene mutations despite alcohol and/or smoking status, with P values of .064 and .115, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age at onset of CP (hazard ratio, [HR], 1.02; P < .001) and alcohol consumption (HR, 1.86; P < .001) were independent risk factors for the development of diabetes, while male sex (HR, 1.84; P = .022) and smoking (HR, 1.56; P = .028) were predictors of steatorrhea. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare pathogenic mutations in the 4 major susceptibility genes for CP were not correlated significantly with the development of pancreatic insufficiency, environmental factors (either alcohol consumption or smoking) significantly accelerated disease progression (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04574297).

8.
VideoGIE ; 6(7): 333-338, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278100

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Actual behaviors of drugs in the upper GI tract are not well elucidated. We assess the feasibility of magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) in direct and real-time visualization of oral drug behaviors in the stomach. Methods: From November 2019 to December 2019, 9 patients with a recent history of upper GI symptoms and 10 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. Participants swallowed magnetically controlled capsules to examine the whole stomach. After baseline examination, participants ingested dyed sucralfate gel, and MCE recorded the adhesion time, retention time, and distribution area of sucralfate gel. Outcomes included behaviors of sucralfate gel, safety, and satisfaction assessment of the procedures. Results: Adhesion time of sucralfate gel in the abdominal symptoms group was significantly shorter than in the healthy control group (23.76 ± 1.37 minutes vs 31.96 ± 3.09 minutes; P = .032), whereas retention time was longer (98.85 ± 13.94 minutes vs 63.93 ± 8.57 minutes; P = .043). The distribution area of sucralfate gel in the abdominal symptoms group was significantly larger than in healthy control group in cardia (24.29 ± 7.39 vs 9.18 ± 4.06; P < .0001), fundus (18.90 ± 7.08 vs 8.49 ± 4.10; P = .0015), and pylorus (4.64 ± 2.72 vs 0.94 ± 0.90; P = .0019). No adverse events were observed. All participants had a high degree of satisfaction. Conclusions: MCE is a feasible and noninvasive tool for direct and real-time visualization of drug behaviors (eg, sucralfate gel) in the stomach. (ClinicalTrials.gov. ID: NCT04327869.).

9.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(9): 778-787, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic intervention combined with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is recommended as the first line therapy for large pancreatic stones, yet both can cause adverse events. The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors for post-procedural pancreatitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic stones treated with both ESWL and subsequent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) from October 2016 to December 2019 were prospectively enrolled. Multivariate logistic analyses were performed to detect risk factors for post-ESWL and post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). RESULTS: A total of 714 patients (507 males, 45.60 ± 12.52 years) were included in this study. A total of 80 patients (11.2%) developed post-ESWL pancreatitis,while 33 patients (4.6%) suffered from PEP. Steatorrhea (P = .018), multiple stones (P = .043), and stones located at the head combined with the body or tail of the pancreas (P = .015) were identified as independent protective factors for post-ESWL pancreatitis. The history of acute exacerbations (P = .013), post-ESWL pancreatitis (P < .001) and stricture dilation during ERCP (P = .002) were identified as risk factors for PEP. CONCLUSIONS: More attention should be paid to patients with post-ESWL pancreatitis, as well as a history of acute exacerbations and stricture dilation during ERCP to prevent PEP. (ClincialTrials.gov number, NCT04619511).


Assuntos
Litotripsia , Pancreatite Crônica , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Ductos Pancreáticos , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Pancreatology ; 21(5): 848-853, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between SPINK1 and pancreatic cancer (PC) remains controversial. The current study aimed to determine the effect of SPINK1 mutations on PC development among patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study including a large cohort of 965 CP patients with 11-year follow-up. Patients' demographic characteristics and clinical CP outcomes were documented in detail. Genetic testing was performed. The effect of SPINK1 mutations on the clinical development of PC was explored using Cox proportional hazards regression. Subgroup analyses conducted included the consideration of gender, onset age of CP (early- and late-onset), etiologies of CP, smoking, and alcoholic drinking status. RESULTS: PC was diagnosed in 2.5% (24/965) of patients, and the cumulative incidence rates were 0.2%, 0.8%, and 1.5% at 3, 5, and 10 years since the onset of CP, respectively. In this cohort, SPINK1 c.194+2T > C was the most common variant with a proportion of 39.1%. And the risk of PC development varied marginally between patients with and without SPINK1 mutations (Cox HR 0.39(0.14-1.04), P = 0.059). In the subgroup analyses, patients carrying SPINK1 mutations had a significantly lower risk of PC (Cox HR 0.18(0.04-0.80), P = 0.025) in the non-smoking group. SPINK1 mutations showed no significant effect in the other subgroups considered. CONCLUSIONS: CP patients harboring SPINK1 mutations do not have an elevated risk of PC development compared to mutation-negative CP patients. On the contrary, SPINK1 mutations may be a protective factor in non-smoking patients with CP.

11.
Surg Endosc ; 35(10): 5852-5856, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large gastrointestinal perforation is a serious and even life-threatening clinical condition. Current endoscopic techniques for closing large gastrointestinal perforation have limitations. Building upon our recent findings in a porcine model, this pilot human study aimed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of a novel endoscopic technique using newly designed closure clips for closure of giant gastrointestinal perforation. METHODS: A total of 18 patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and developed giant gastrointestinal perforation > 2 cm in diameter were enrolled in this study. The newly designed closure clips, consisting of a sewing clip and knotter, were applied in endoscopic closure of the gastrointestinal perforations using a continuous suturing method. The safety, feasibility, and effectiveness were subsequently assessed in these patients. RESULTS: Endoscopic closure of the giant perforation was achieved in all patients. In evaluation of safety and effectiveness of this technique with the new closure clips and the continuous suturing method, no obvious intraoperative complications (e.g., bleeding, abdominal infection) occurred in the studied patients. Furthermore, on 1-month follow-up gastric endoscopy, all the patients showed complete closure of the gastrointestinal perforations, and no clinical signs of specific abnormalities or symptoms were observed. CONCLUSION: This novel technique has been shown to be safe, effective, and feasible for the treatment of giant gastrointestinal perforation.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Perfuração Intestinal , Animais , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Técnicas de Sutura , Suínos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
12.
Pancreas ; 50(4): 633-638, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The interval between extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may cause differences in cannulation and stone removal. This study was to investigate the optimal timing of ERCP after ESWL. METHODS: Patients with chronic calcified pancreatitis, who underwent ESWL and subsequent ERCP in Changhai Hospital from February 2012 to February 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. The interval between ESWL and ERCP was used to divide patients into groups A (<12 hours), B (12-36 hours), and C (>36 hours). Cannulation success, stone clearance, and post-ESWL/ERCP complications were compared. RESULTS: A total of 507 patients were enrolled. There were no significant differences regarding the successful cannulation and stone removal rates between the 3 groups. In patients without prior ERCP, the successful cannulation rates were 71.4%, 81.9%, and 90.9% (P = 0.004), and the successful clearance rates were 76.2%, 85.1%, and 90.9% (P = 0.031) for these 3 groups, respectively, showing significant differences. There were no differences in the successful cannulation and stone extraction rates for patients with prior ERCP. CONCLUSIONS: The interval between ESWL and ERCP in chronic calcified pancreatitis patients with prior ERCP is not relevant, while delaying endoscopic intervention is recommended in those with native papilla.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25291, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no reports on global research status of gastroenterology and hepatology (GI). This study was conducted to reveal the current global research status and trends in GI. METHODS: Articles published during 2009 to 2018 in international GI journals were retrieved from the PubMed database. The top 20 countries by output were determined. The gross domestic product (GDP) of each country was also retrieved to figure out the correlation between outputs in GI and economy. The 5 highest-ranking countries were compared in the number of total articles, articles per capita, articles published in top journals, the accumulated impact factor (IF), and average IF. Total articles and articles per capita of the 5 countries were conducted time-trend analysis. The frequently-used terms in titles and abstracts of articles published in 2009 and 2018 were retrieved to conduct co-occurrence analysis to figure out the change of research highlights in GI. RESULTS: A total of 120,267 articles were included, of which 116,485 articles were from 20 highest-output countries. There was a positive correlation between output and GDP (r = 0.921, P < .001). The USA, Japan, China, Italy, and the UK were the 5 highest-ranking countries. The USA was the largest contributor with 26,215 articles, accounting for 17.4% of the total, but with no significant increasing trend (P = .122). Other 4 countries all showed increasing trends (all P < .001). For articles per capita, Italy ranked 1st among the 5 countries with 1591.0 articles per 10 million. The USA showed a decreasing trend (P = .026), other 4 countries all showed increasing trends (all P < .001). The UK had the highest average IF (6.685). For change of research highlights, it is more inclined to research of endoscopy, inflammatory bowel diseases, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. CONCLUSION: It is delightful that the global research output in GI field would be continuingly increased as the major highest-output countries showed increasing trends. However, the developing countries fell behind both in quantity and quality when compared with developed countries.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenterologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenterologia/classificação , Humanos , Hepatopatias/terapia
14.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 471, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the number of existing cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China has been decreasing since late February 2020, the number of confirmed cases abroad is surging. Improving public knowledge of COVID-19 is critical to controlling the pandemic. This study aimed to determine China's public knowledge of COVID-19 and the attitudes towards control measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over 48 h from 22:30 29 February 2020 to 22:30 2 March 2020 based on a self-administered web-based questionnaire. The survey was conducted on the WeChat network. Exponential non-discriminative snowball sampling was applied. The questionnaire was voluntarily completed by WeChat users. The questionnaire covered basic demographic information, public knowledge of the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19, psychological state, and attitudes towards the overall control measures. The primary outcome was the China's public knowledge of COVID-19 and the attitudes towards control measures and secondary outcome was the psychological state of the public during this pandemic. RESULTS: The study included 10,905 participants and 10,399 valid questionnaires were included for analysis. Participants with tertiary education, younger participants and healthcare workers had better overall knowledge than other participants (all P < 0.05). Approximately 91.9% of the participants believed in person-to-person transmission and 39.1% believed in animal-to-person transmission. No significant correlation between anxiety and the number of regional existing confirmed cases was found, while participants in Hubei were more anxious than those in other regions. In general, 74.1% of the participants acknowledged the effectiveness of the overall control measures, and the percentage of participants with agreement with the overall control measures was negatively correlated with the number of regional existing confirmed cases (r = - 0.492, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the survey revealed that the Chinese public had overall good knowledge of COVID-19 except for those indeterminate knowledges. With dynamic changes in the global pandemic situation and more research, further studies should be conducted to explore changes in public knowledge and attitudes towards COVID-19 in the future. The media could be used in a strict and regular manner to publicize knowledge of such pandemics to halt their spread.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Dig Liver Dis ; 53(9): 1148-1153, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronic pancreatitis (CP) and acute pancreatitis (AP) is complex and not well understood. CP could be preceded by antecedent episodes of AP. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore both genetic and environmental factors associated with AP episodes before the diagnosis of CP. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 1022 patients. Detailed demographic, genetic, and clinical data were collected. Based on the presence of AP episode(s) before diagnosis of CP, patients were divided into AP group (further classified into single episode of AP group and recurrent AP group) and non-AP group. Related factors among these groups were assessed using multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: Before diagnosis of CP, 737 patients (72.1%) had a history of AP. Smoking(P = 0.005) and heavy alcohol consumption(P = 0.002) were risk factors for AP while age at CP onset(P < 0.001), harboring the SPINK1 mutation(P < 0.001), diabetes(P < 0.001) and steatorrhea(P < 0.001) were protective factors. Further, alcoholic CP(P = 0.019) was the only independent risk factor for recurrent AP attacks while age at onset of CP(P < 0.001), pancreatic stones(P = 0.024). and pseudocysts(P = 0.018) served as protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: SPINK1 mutations served as protective factor for AP episodes, suggesting SPINK1 mutation might play a pathogenic role in CP occurrence with occult clinical manifestations.

17.
Dig Dis Sci ; 66(11): 4008-4016, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The high incidence of osteopathy among patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) has garnered increased attention over recent years. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence and risk factors for osteopathy in Chinese patients with CP. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of CP patients from a large center in China; patients were recruited between 31 January 2017 and 31 January 2018. Bone density and laboratory tests, including bone-related biochemical, inflammatory, and hormone parameters, were assessed prospectively. Differences between patients with and without osteopathy were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate associations between variables. RESULTS: In total, 104 CP patients were enrolled in this study (68.3% idiopathic and 31.7% alcoholic). According to the M-ANNHEIM classification, 87.5% of the patients were at an early stage (0-II). Osteopenia was diagnosed in 30.8% of patients and osteoporosis in 5.8%; thus, a total of 36.5% of patients presented with osteopathy. In multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors for osteopathy in CP patients were age (OR = 1.04; 95% CI = 1.00-1.08; P = 0.030), BMI (OR = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.58-0.89; P = 0.003), and PTH (OR = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.93-1.00; P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to report the prevalence of osteopathy in Chinese patients with CP. It found that age and low BMI are significant risk factors for osteopathy. Low PTH (but within the normal range) showed a weak association with osteopathy, which warrants further exploration.


Assuntos
Osteoporose/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
18.
Gut Liver ; 15(2): 262-272, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028744

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been widely used in diagnosing small bowel disease. We conducted this study to systematically appraise its technical and clinical performance. Methods: Studies on SBE published by September 2018 were systematically searched. Technical and clinical performance data were collected and analyzed with descriptive or meta-analysis methods. Results: In total, 54 articles incorporating 4,592 patients (6,036 procedures) were included. Regarding technical parameters, the pooled insertion depths (IDs) for anterograde and retrograde SBE were 209.2 cm and 98.1 cm, respectively. The pooled retrograde ID in Asian countries was significantly greater than that in Western countries (129.0 cm vs 81.1 cm, p<0.001). The pooled anterograde and retrograde procedure times were 57.6 minutes and 65.1 minutes, respectively. The total enteroscopy rate was 21.9%, with no significant difference between Asian and Western countries. Clinically, the pooled diagnostic yield of SBE was 62.3%. Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) was the most common indication (50.0%), with a diagnostic yield of 59.5%. Vascular lesions were the most common findings in Western OGIB patients (76.9%) but not in Asian ones (31.0%). The rates of severe and mild adverse events were 0.5% and 2.5%, respectively. Conclusions: SBE is technically efficient and is clinically effective and safe, but total enteroscopy is relatively difficult to achieve with this technique. Etiologies of OGIB in Asian countries differ from those in Western countries.


Assuntos
Enteropatias , Enteroscopia de Balão Único , Enteroscopia de Duplo Balão , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Enteropatias/diagnóstico , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 93(1): 133-139.e4, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) has become an efficient diagnostic modality for gastric diseases. We developed a novel automatic gastric lesion detection system to assist in diagnosis and reduce inter-physician variations. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic capability of the computer-aided detection system for MCE images. METHODS: We developed a novel automatic gastric lesion detection system based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) and faster region-based convolutional neural network (RCNN). A total of 1,023,955 MCE images from 797 patients were used to train and test the system. These images were divided into 7 categories (erosion, polyp, ulcer, submucosal tumor, xanthoma, normal mucosa, and invalid images). The primary endpoint was the sensitivity of the system. RESULTS: The system detected gastric focal lesions with 96.2% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI], 95.7%-96.5%), 76.2% specificity (95% CI, 75.97%-76.3%), 16.0% positive predictive value (95% CI, 15.7%-16.3%), 99.7% negative predictive value (95% CI, 99.74%-99.79%), and 77.1% accuracy (95% CI, 76.9%-77.3%) (sensitivity was 99.3% for erosions; 96.5% for polyps; 89.3% for ulcers; 87.2% for submucosal tumors; 90.6% for xanthomas; 67.8% for normal; and 96.1% for invalid images). Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve for all positive images was 0.84. Image processing time was 44 milliseconds per image for the system and 0.38 ± 0.29 seconds per image for clinicians (P < .001). The kappa value of 2 times repeated reads was 1. CONCLUSIONS: The CNN faster-RCNN-based diagnostic program system showed good performance in diagnosing gastric focal lesions in MCE images.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastropatias , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Curva ROC , Gastropatias/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 364, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A full spectrum of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) adverse events over the past two decades has not been evaluated. We aimed to determine pooled rates, predictors and temporal-trend of VCE adverse events over the past two decades. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE for English-language publications reporting VCE adverse events (January 1, 2000 to March 31, 2019). Data were extracted independently by two investigators. Pooled VCE adverse event rates were calculated using the random or fixed model as appropriate. Predictors and temporal-trend of each adverse event were performed by meta-regression analyses. RESULTS: In total, 402 studies were identified, including 108,079 VCE procedures. Rate of retention, swallow disorder, aspiration, technical failure, and procedural adverse events were 0.73% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59-0.89%), 0.75% (95% CI 0.43-1.13%), 0.00% (95% CI 0.00-0.00%), 0.94% (95% CI 0.65-1.28%), 0.67% (95% CI 0.32-1.10%), respectively; incomplete examination rate of esophagus, stomach, small bowel, and colon were 9.05%, 7.69%, 12.08%, 19.19%, respectively. Patency capsule reduced retention rate by 5.04%, whereas known inflammatory bowel disease increased retention rate by 4.29%. Elder was the risk and protective factor for small bowel incomplete examination (0.30%) and swallow disorder (- 0.72%), respectively. Rates of retention and small bowel incomplete examination significantly declined over time (P = .0006 and P < .0001).. CONCLUSIONS: VCE adverse event rates were generally low, and retention and small bowel incomplete examination rates declined over the past two decades. Patients with known inflammatory bowel disease or elder should be alerted to high risk of retention or small bowel incomplete examination (PROSPERO: CRD42019139595).


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Idoso , Endoscopia por Cápsula/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intestino Delgado
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