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1.
J Med Virol ; 91(8): 1553-1561, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950067

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that persistent infection with high-risk oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer, and that the distribution of HPV genotypes varies regionally. This study explored the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV infection among Han, Yi, and Bai women in various regions of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. This cross-sectional study included 2779 women (20-76 years old) who were referred for 21-HPV genotype array diagnostic from five regions of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture between February 2013 and May 2016. Statistical methods used included a the χ2 test, Fisher's exact test, t test, and logistic regression. Overall HPV prevalence in the study population was 7.6%. HPV-52, HPV-58, HPV-18, HPV-81, and HPV-16 were the most prevalent genotypes in the study area, and notably, the prevalence of HPV-58 was significantly higher among women in Heqing County than that in other regions. Univariate analysis showed that husband's age, region, fertility status, and parity were potential factors associated with HPV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that Heqing County was an independent risk factor for HPV infection among women in the Dali area, moreover, Yi women showed the highest risk for HPV infections. Overall, our finding emphasizing the urgent need for an HPV screening and prevention program in Heqing County and Yi women. We also suggest that HPV-related health education should be provided not only to women, but also to men, to reduce the risk of infection in women.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 125(24): 4514-6, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23253729

RESUMO

Cystic tumour of the atrioventricular node is a rare primary cardiac tumour that can cause complete heart block and sudden death. Here, we describe a male case aged 42 years who suddenly died without a medical and family history of cardiac illnesses. After detailed macroscopic and microscopic examinations, a cystic mass was found in the atrioventricular nodal region. The small lesion was less than 1 cm in diameter, and consisted of small and large cystic spaces and tubular structures lined by flat, cuboidal or squamous epithelium. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the tumour epithelium positive for epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, antigen epitopes AE1/AE3, cytokeratins CK5/6 and CK7, but negative for calretinin, HBME-1, Wilms' tumor 1, factor VIII, chromogranin, synaptophysin or smooth muscle actin, suggesting an endodermal rather than mesothelial origin.


Assuntos
Nó Atrioventricular/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Nó Atrioventricular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino
5.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 18(12): 1083-7, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23405787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibility of injury to the striated urethral sphincter by incision to the anterior lobe region in transurethral prostatectomy. METHODS: We incised the anterior lobe region of 60 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) undergoing transurethral prostatectomy. The patients were divided into four groups according to the incision fields: proximate superficial (group 1), proximate deep (group 2), distal superficial (group 3) and distal deep (group 4). The tissues taken from the anterior lobe region were subjected to HE staining, and the smooth and striated muscles were detected by immunohistochemical identification of smooth muscle actin (SMA) and myoglobin (MYO) in the tissues. The prostate volume, age, and PSA level of the patients were analyzed against their positive or negative results. The relative contents of the striated muscle were compared among groups 2, 3 and 4. The independent-sample between-group t-test was used for statistic analysis. RESULTS: The urethral rhabdosphincter was found in the anterior lobe region, with the smooth muscle intermixed with the striated muscle. The incision injury of the urethral rhabdosphincter was associated with the prostate volume. Increased urethral rhabdosphincter was observed in the anterior lobe region, approaching the apex of the prostate and extending to the urethral lumen. CONCLUSION: The anterior lobe region should not be excessively incised in transurethral prostatectomy so as to avoid direct injury of the striated urethral sphincter, which is especially important for prostates of smaller volume or operation near the apex of the prostate.


Assuntos
Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Uretra/patologia , Idoso , Técnicas Histológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/anatomia & histologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Uretra/anatomia & histologia
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