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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid and reliable diagnostic methods for Aspergillus fumigatus infection are urgently needed. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-associated protein 13a (Cas13a) has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of viral infection. However, its potential use in detecting A. fumigatus remains unexplored. A highly sensitive and specific method using the CRISPR/Cas13a system was developed for the reliable and rapid detection of A. fumigatus. METHODS: The conserved internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of A. fumigatus was used to design CRISPR-derived RNA (crRNA) and the corresponding recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) primer sequence with the T7 promoter for the CRISPR assay. Twenty-five clinical isolates and 43 bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) remaining from routine examinations of patients with confirmed pulmonary aspergillosis were collected to further validate the CRISPR assay. RESULTS: No amplification signal was observed when genomic DNA from closely clinically related Aspergillus species, such as Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus terreus, as well as Monascus purpureus Went and Escherichia coli, was tested by this assay, and the detection limit for A. fumigatus was 3 copies in a single reaction system. Validation experiments using the 25 clinical isolates demonstrated 91.7% specificity for the A. fumigatus section, and the sensitivity was 100% when first-generation sequencing was used as the standard. There was no significant difference between the PCR and CRISPR methods (P = 1.0), and the diagnosis results of the two methods were consistent (Kappa = 0.459, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: The study offers a new validated CRISPR/Cas13a technique for A. fumigatus detection, providing a simple, rapid and affordable test that is ready for application in the diagnosis of A. fumigatus infection.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 720119, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631744

RESUMO

Background: Diagnosing chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is a major challenge in clinical practice. The development and validation of a novel, sensitive and specific assay for diagnosing chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is urgently needed. Methods: From April 2018 to June 2019, 53 patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), 32 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and 48 healthy controls were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University. Clinical characteristics and samples were collected at enrollment. All exhaled breath samples were analyzed offline using thermal desorption single-photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry; to analyze the metabolic pathways of the characteristic volatile organic compounds, serum samples were subjected to ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography. Results: We identified characteristic volatile organic compounds in patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, which mainly consisted of phenol, neopentyl alcohol, toluene, limonene and ethylbenzene. These compounds were assessed using a logistic regression model. The sensitivity and specificity were 95.8 and 96.9% for discriminating patients in the CPA group from those in the CAP group and 95.8 and 97.9% for discriminating patients in the CPA group from healthy controls, respectively. The concentration of limonene (m/z 136) correlated significantly positively with anti-Aspergillus fumigatus IgG antibody titers (r = 0.420, P < 0.01). After antifungal treatment, serum IgG and the concentration of limonene (m/z 136) decreased in the subgroup of patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Conclusions: We identified VOCs that can be used as biomarkers for differential diagnosis and therapeutic response prediction in patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 751073, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603275

RESUMO

Clinical value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in pneumonia management is still controversial. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the clinical impact of PneumoSeq in 57 immunocompetent (ICO) and 75 immunocompromised (ICH) pneumonia patients. The value of PneumoSeq for both etiological and clinical impact investigation in pneumonia was assessed. Among the 276 potential pathogens detected with PneumoSeq in our cohort, 251 (90.9%) were cross-validated. Clinical diagnoses of the causative pathogens were obtained for 97 patients, 90.7% of which were supported by PneumoSeq. Compared to conventional testing, PneumoSeq suggested potentially missed diagnoses in 16.7% of cases (22/132), involving 48 additional pathogenic microorganisms. In 58 (43.9%) cases, PneumoSeq data led to antimicrobial treatment de-escalation (n = 12 in ICO, n = 18 in ICH) and targeted treatment initiation (n = 7 in ICO, n = 21 in ICH). The PneumoSeq assay benefited the diagnosis and clinical management of both ICH and ICO pneumonia patients in real-world settings.

5.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(5): 698-704, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies have confirmed that real-time PCR detection of Aspergillus DNA in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) is more valuable than blood samples in the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). The latest guidelines recommend the use of serum samples for Aspergillus antibody testing for chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). However, research on CPA diagnosed by real-time PCR testing of BALF has been limited. In this study, we assessed the clinical value of BALF GM and PCR detection in diagnosing CPA. METHODS: The diagnostic criteria of this study were based on the 2015 ESCMID/ERS guidelines for CPA. Seventy-nine patients with CPA and 74 non-CPA patients were enrolled. Aspergillus DNA in BALF was detected in the patients with CPA. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and area under the curve (AUC) of BALF PCR in the CPA group were 87.18%, 89.80%, 87.18%, 89.80%, and 0.89 (95% CI 0.82-0.95), respectively (P<0.005). The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of BALF Aspergillus galactomannan (GM) detection in the CPA group were 66.67%, 89.80%, 83.87%, and 77.19%, respectively, and the AUC was 0.94 (95% CI 0.89-0.99) (P<0.005). When combining BALF GM and BALF PCR detection, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 92.31%, 89.80%, 87.80%, and 93.62%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The BALF PCR detection method has good diagnostic value for CPA and combining this method with BALF GM detection can improve diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.

6.
Lab Chip ; 21(21): 4166-4176, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541589

RESUMO

Microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) have been widely explored for point-of-care testing due to their simplicity, low cost, and portability. µPADs with multiple-step reactions usually require precise flow control, especially flow-delay. This paper reports the numerical, mathematical, and experimental studies of flow delay through wax valves surrounded by PDMS walls on paper microfluidics. The predried surfactant in the sample zone diffuses into the liquid sample which can therefore flow through the wax valves. The delay time is automatically regulated by the diffusion of the surfactant after sample loading. The numerical study suggested that both the elevated contact angle and the reduced porosity and pore size in the wax printed region could effectively prevent water but allow liquids with lower contact angles (e.g., surfactant solutions) to flow through. The PDMS walls fabricated using a low-cost liquid dispenser effectively prevented the leakage of surfactant solutions. By controlling the quantity, diffusion distance, and type of the surfactant predried on the chip, the system successfully achieved a delay time ranging from 1.6 to 20 minutes. A mathematical model involving the above parameters was developed based on Fick's second law to predict the delay time. Finally, the flow-delay systems were applied in sequential mixing and distance-based detection of either glucose or alcohol. Linear ranges of 1-100 mg dL-1 and 1-40 mg dL-1 were achieved for glucose and alcohol, respectively. The lower limit detection (LOD) of glucose and alcohol was 1 mg dL-1. The LOD of glucose was only 1/11 of that detected using µPADs without flow control, indicating the advantage of controlling fluid flow. The systematic findings in this study provide critical guidelines for the development and applications of wax valves in automatic flow delay for point-of-care testing.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Glucose , Microfluídica , Papel , Testes Imediatos
7.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(8): 4650-4660, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527306

RESUMO

Background: Avian influenza A (H7N9) virus has caused more than 1,500 cases of human infection since its emergence in early 2013. Displaying little or no pathogenicity in poultry, but a 40% case-fatality rate in humans, five waves of H7N9 human infections occurred in China during 2013-2017, caused solely by a low pathogenicity strain. However, avian isolates possessing a polybasic connecting peptide in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein were detected in mid-2016, indicating that a highly pathogenic virus had emerged and was co-circulating with the low pathogenicity strains. Methods: Here we characterize the pathogenicity of a newly emerged human H7N9 variant with a PEVPKRKRTAR/GLF insertion motif at the cleavage site of the HA protein in vitro and in vivo. Results: This variant replicates in MDCK cells independently of TPCK-trypsin, which is indicative of high pathogenicity in chickens. The 50% mouse lethal dose (MLD50) of this novel isolate was less than 10 plaque forming units (PFU), compared with 3.16×104 for an identical virus lacking the polybasic insertion, indicating a high virulence phenotype. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the multiple basic amino acid insertion in the HA protein of the H7N9 variant confers high virulence in mammals, highlighting a potential risk to humans. Continuous viral surveillance is therefore necessary in the China region to improve pandemic preparedness.

8.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 8(8): ofab376, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395712

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the quality and potential impacts of the guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, guideline databases, and specialty society websites to evaluate the quality of the retrieved guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II. Results: A total of 66 guidelines were identified. Only 24% were categorized as "recommended" for clinical practice. The 211 identified recommendations for COVID-19 management were classified into 4 topics: respiratory support (27), acute respiratory distress syndrome management (31), antiviral or immunomodulatory therapy (95), or other medicines (58). Only 63% and 56% of recommendations were supported by, respectively, assessment of the strength of the recommendations or level of evidence. There were notable discrepancies between the different guidelines regarding the recommendations on COVID-19 management. Conclusions: The quality of the guidelines for COVID-19 management is heterogeneous, and the recommendations are rarely supported by evidence.

10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 701913, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262882

RESUMO

Increasing attention has been directed to Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) infection in HIV-negative patients due to its high mortality rate. However, nonspecific symptoms and biological characteristics similar to those of other common pathogenic fungi complicate the rapid and accurate diagnosis of T. marneffei infection. Sphingolipids (SPLs) are bioactive lipids involved in the regulation of various physiological and pathological processes and have been identified as serum biomarkers for several diseases. This study employed a sphingolipidomic approach established in our previous work to explore the use of serum SPLs in the diagnosis of HIV-negative patients with T. marneffei infection. Additional clinical cohorts of patients infected with other microorganisms were also recruited. We found that sphinganine (Sa) (d16:0) exhibited obvious depletion after infection; moreover, its level in patients with T. marneffei infection was significantly lower than that in patients infected with other microorganisms. Therefore, Sa (d16:0) was considered a specific diagnostic biomarker for T. marneffei infection, and 302.71 nM was selected as the optimal cutoff value with a diagnostic sensitivity of 87.5% and specificity of 100%. These results suggested that determination of serum Sa (d16:0) levels can be used as a new alternative tool for the rapid diagnosis of T. marneffei infection in HIV-negative patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Talaromyces , Adulto , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Micoses , Esfingolipídeos
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 587, 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) infection has been associated with adult-onset immunodeficiency due to anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies. We aimed to investigate the clinical features of non-HIV-infected patients with T. marneffei infection in southern China. METHODS: Between January 2018 and September 2020, we enrolled patients with T. marneffei infection who were HIV-negative (group TM, n = 42), including anti-IFN-γ autoantibody-positive (group TMP, n = 22) and anti-IFN-γ autoantibody-negative (group TMN, n = 20) patients and healthy controls (group HC, n = 40). Anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies were detected by ELISA. Clinical characteristics and clinical laboratory parameters were recorded. RESULTS: Compared with anti-IFN-γ autoantibody-negative patients with T. marneffei infection, anti-IFN-γ autoantibody-positive patients did not have underlying respiratory disease; more frequently exhibited dissemination of systemic infections with severe pleural effusion; had higher WBC counts, C-reactive protein levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rates, and neutrophil and CD8+ T cell counts; had lower hemoglobin levels; and were more likely to have other intracellular pathogen infections. Most of these patients had poor outcomes despite standardized antimicrobial therapy. CONCLUSION: T. marneffei-infected patients with higher anti-IFN-γ autoantibody titers have more severe disease and complex clinical conditions.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/etiologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Micoses/imunologia , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We presented the performance of a Chinese-made cryptococcal glucuronoxylomannan (GXM) antigen test using serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples in the HIV-negative Chinese population. METHODS: Between February 2017 and January 2019, HIV-negative patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis were recruited and followed-up every three months, including completion of a chest CT examination and collection of serum and BALF samples. RESULTS: Here, thirty-seven confirmed and ten clinically diagnosed patients were recruited. Furthermore, samples from 174 noncryptococcosis patients that may cause false positives were also collected. The sensitivity of a lateral flow assay (LFA) for detecting cryptococcal GXM antigen in serum and BALF samples from confirmed cases was 97% and 95%, respectively, and the specificity was 98.2% and 93%, respectively, and the differences in these values between the BALF and serum samples were not significant. The serum cryptococcal GXM antigen value showed a positive correlation (r: 0.581, p < 0.001) with pulmonary lesion size, while the BALF value showed no correlation (r: 0.253, p: 0.13). The positivity rate of BALF was higher than that of serum when the diameter of the pulmonary lesion was small (diameter less than 20 mm). Moreover, the serum cryptococcal GXM antigen levels showed an overall decreasing trend with the decrease in pulmonary lesion size after antifungal therapy in patient follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese-made cryptococcal GXM antigen test has better sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing pulmonary cryptococcosis in the HIV-negative Chinese population, and it could be used to diagnose and to monitor this disease.

13.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945070

RESUMO

Prolonged viral RNA shedding and recurrence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients have been reported. However, the clinical outcome and pathogenesis remain unclear. In this study, we recruited 43 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients. We found that prolonged viral RNA shedding or recurrence mainly occurred in severe/critical patients (P<0.05). The average viral shedding time in severe/critical patients was more than 50 days, and up to 100 days in some patients, after symptom onset. However, chest computed tomography gradually improved and complete absorption occurred when SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR was still positive, but specific antibodies appeared. Furthermore, the viral shedding time significantly decreased when the A1,430G or C12,473T mutation occurred (P<0.01 and FDR<0.01) and increased when G227A occurred (P<0.05 and FDR<0.05). High IL1R1, IL1R2, and TNFRSF21 expression in the host positively correlated with viral shedding time (P<0.05 and false discovery rate <0.05). Prolonged viral RNA shedding often occurs but may not increase disease damage. Prolonged viral RNA shedding is associated with viral mutations and host factors.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(8): 621, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987319

RESUMO

Background: Since there are reports of cases of 2019-coronavirus disease (COVID-19) asymptomatic carriers in China recently and fever is one of the main symptoms, we aimed to distinguish COVID-19 cases from other febrile patients with clinical examinations in this study. Methods: A total of 134 suspected COVID-19 patients in the isolation ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were recruited from January 23 to May 23, 2020. We analyze the pathogenic form and clinical characteristics. Results: Among them, pathogens were identified in only 84 patients (62.7%), including 23 (17.1%) with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), 30 (22.3%) with other viruses, 31 (25.0%) with other pathogens and 3 (3.5%) with mixed infections. The commonly observed symptoms of COVID-19 patients were cough, fever, fatigue, and muscle aches, which were significantly different than the symptoms of nonviral infections (P<0.05) but from those of other viral infections (P>0.05). Furthermore, lactate dehydrogenase and the neutrophil/lymphocyte were found significantly high in COVID-19 patients compared to non-COVID-19 patients (P<0.05). The most common manifestations of COVID-19 patients were ground-glass opacities (100%) with or without lung consolidation, however, they also often showed involvement of several lobes of both lungs (P<0.05). Due to the clear differential diagnosis, the overall antibiotic use rate was 35.8% (31/87). Conclusions: When diagnosing COVID-19, infections with other pathogens should not be ignored. Successful pathogen identification will support accurate treatment.

15.
Int J Infect Dis ; 106: 254-261, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Guidelines from different regions on the use of non-invasive ventilation in COVID-19 have generally been inconsistent. The aim of this systematic review was to appraise the quality and availability of guidelines, and whether non-invasive ventilation in the early stages of the pandemic is of importance. DESIGN AND METHOD: Databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library, as well as websites of international organizations and gray literature, were searched up to June 23, 2020. The reference lists of eligible papers were also hand-searched. RESULTS: A total of 26 guidelines met the inclusion criteria. According to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument, the guidelines' methodological quality was low. Among six domains, Rigour of Development and Editorial Independence were of the lowest quality. Given the lack of evidence from randomized clinical trials and the great variation between different regions, recommendations for non-invasive ventilation have generated considerable debate regarding the early stages of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Improving the methodological quality of the guidelines should be a goal with regard to future pandemics. Additionally, better-designed randomized clinical trials are needed to resolve contradictions regarding the impact of non-invasive ventilation. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020198410.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Guias como Assunto/normas , Ventilação não Invasiva , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 10(1): 450-460, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620282

RESUMO

Recently, the prevalence trend of pulmonary fungal infection (PFI) has rapidly increased. Changes in the risk factors for, distributions of underlying diseases associated with and clinical characteristics of some individual PFIs have been reported in the past decade. However, data regarding PFIs remain uncertain. This study reports the epidemiological characteristics and trends of PFIs over time in recent years. We applied an automated natural language processing (NLP) system to extract clinically relevant information from the electronic health records (EHRs) of PFI patients at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University. Then, a trend analysis was performed. From January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2019, 40,504 inpatients and 219,414 outpatients with respiratory diseases were screened, in which 1368 inpatients and 1313 outpatients with PFI were identified. These patients were from throughout the country, but most patients were from southern China. Upward trends in PFIs were observed in both hospitalized patients and outpatients (P<0.05). The stratification by age showed that the incidence of hospitalized patients aged 14-30 years exhibited the most obvious upward trend, increasing from 9.5 per 1000 patients in 2013 to 88.3 per 1000 patients in 2019. Aspergillosis (56.69%) was the most common PFI, but notably, the incidence rates of Talaromyces marneffei, which used to be considered uncommon, exhibited the most rapid increases. In younger PFI patients, the incidence and trend of PFIs have increased. Infection by previously uncommon pathogens has also gradually increased. Increased attention should be paid to young PFI patients and uncommon PFI pathogen infections.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/epidemiologia , Micoses/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clin Infect Dis ; 73(2): e426-e433, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32642757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia is a newly recognized disease, and its diagnosis is primarily confirmed by routine reverse transcriptase -polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection of SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: However, we report a confirmed case of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with a negative routine RT-PCR. RESULTS: This case was finally diagnosed by nanopore sequencing combined with antibody of SARS-CoV-2. Simultaneously, the ORF and NP gene variations of SARS-CoV-2 were found. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlighted that false-negative results could be present in routine RT-PCR diagnosis, especially with virus variation. Currently, nanopore pathogen sequencing and antibody detection have been found to be effective in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , China , Humanos , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por RNA , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
18.
J Clin Invest ; 130(10): 5235-5244, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634129

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent for coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Little is known about the kinetics, tissue distribution, cross-reactivity, and neutralization antibody response in patients with COVID-19. Two groups of patients with RT-PCR-confirmed COVID-19 were enrolled in this study: 12 severely ill patients in intensive care units who needed mechanical ventilation and 11 mildly ill patients in isolation wards. Serial clinical samples were collected for laboratory detection. Results showed that most of the severely ill patients had viral shedding in a variety of tissues for 20-40 days after onset of disease (8/12, 66.7%), while the majority of mildly ill patients had viral shedding restricted to the respiratory tract and had no detectable virus RNA 10 days after onset (9/11, 81.8%). Mildly ill patients showed significantly lower IgM response compared with that of the severe group. IgG responses were detected in most patients in both the severe and mild groups at 9 days after onset, and remained at a high level throughout the study. Antibodies cross-reactive to SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 were detected in patients with COVID-19 but not in patients with MERS. High levels of neutralizing antibodies were induced after about 10 days after onset in both severely and mildly ill patients which were higher in the severe group. SARS-CoV-2 pseudotype neutralization test and focus reduction neutralization test with authentic virus showed consistent results. Sera from patients with COVID-19 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 entry. Sera from convalescent patients with SARS or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) did not. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 S and N IgG levels exhibited a moderate correlation with neutralization titers in patients' plasma. This study improves our understanding of immune response in humans after SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Carga Viral , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Adulto , Idoso , Especificidade de Anticorpos , COVID-19 , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Humanos , Cinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
J Med Virol ; 92(9): 1518-1524, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104917

RESUMO

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) quickly spread all over China and to more than 20 other countries. Although the virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus [SARS-Cov-2]) nucleic acid real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test has become the standard method for diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection, these real-time PCR test kits have many limitations. In addition, high false-negative rates were reported. There is an urgent need for an accurate and rapid test method to quickly identify a large number of infected patients and asymptomatic carriers to prevent virus transmission and assure timely treatment of patients. We have developed a rapid and simple point-of-care lateral flow immunoassay that can detect immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG antibodies simultaneously against SARS-CoV-2 virus in human blood within 15 minutes which can detect patients at different infection stages. With this test kit, we carried out clinical studies to validate its clinical efficacy uses. The clinical detection sensitivity and specificity of this test were measured using blood samples collected from 397 PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients and 128 negative patients at eight different clinical sites. The overall testing sensitivity was 88.66% and specificity was 90.63%. In addition, we evaluated clinical diagnosis results obtained from different types of venous and fingerstick blood samples. The results indicated great detection consistency among samples from fingerstick blood, serum and plasma of venous blood. The IgM-IgG combined assay has better utility and sensitivity compared with a single IgM or IgG test. It can be used for the rapid screening of SARS-CoV-2 carriers, symptomatic or asymptomatic, in hospitals, clinics, and test laboratories.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , Imunoensaio , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Testes Imediatos , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Fitas Reagentes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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