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1.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124936, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568941

RESUMO

Triphenyltin (TPT) is widely used and commonly found in a water environment, so its effects on aquatic systems are of great concern. This study aimed to reveal the effects of chronic parental exposure of TPT on thyroid disruption and growth inhibition in zebrafish. Adult zebrafish (F0 generation) were exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations (1, 10, and 100 ng/L) of TPT for 60 days, and the larvae (F1 generation) were tested without TPT treatment. Results demonstrated that parental exposure to TPT disrupts thyroid function in zebrafish offspring: serum thyroxine (T4) significantly decreased, while serum 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) increased, and several genes involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis were down-regulated. In addition, we observed developmental abnormalities in the larvae, demonstrated by a significantly altered hatching rate, malformation rate, body length, heart rate, and survival rate, as well as down-regulation of genes involved in the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor (GH/IGF) axis. Therefore, parental exposure to TPT induces toxicity in fish offspring through perturbation of the HPT and GH/IGF axes.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2598-2602, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492282

RESUMO

AlN nanowires macro-array were successfully fabricated on Si substrate by double template method and chemical vapour deposition. The research shows that AlN nanowires array with different diameter, length and coverage can be prepared by controlling the experimental conditions. The as-prepared AlN nanowires array were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Furthermore, the Ultraviolet absorption of AlN nanowires array as a sensors was investigated and calculated with the first principle.

3.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 480-497, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585898

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening condition caused by severe inflammation of lung tissues. We hypothesized that lipopolysaccharide induced acute lung inflammation and injury in mice might be controlled by lonicerin (LCR), a plant flavonoid that impacts immunity, oxidative stress, and cell proliferation. LCR reduced pathological changes including pulmonary edema, elevation of protein in bronchoalveolar lavage, inflammation, pro-inflammatory gene expression, expression of toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor-kappa B, apoptosis, and significantly reduced mortality. Together, the results suggest that LCR might be a potential and effective candidate for the treatment of ALI that acts by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis.

4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115343, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590883

RESUMO

Porous poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibrous membrane with the high surface area was developed by electrospinning and post acetone treatment and used as a substrate for deposition of chitosan. Chitosan was coated onto porous nanofibrous membrane via direct immersion coating method. The porous PLLA/chitosan structure provided chitosan a high surface framework to fully and effectively adsorb heavy metal ions from water and showed higher and faster ion adsorption. The composite membrane was used to eliminate copper ions from aqueous solutions. Chitosan acts as an adsorbent due to the presence of aminic and hydroxide groups which are operating sites for the capture of copper ions. The maximum adsorption capacity of copper ions reached 111.66 ± 3.22 mg/g at pH (7), interaction time (10 min) and temperature (25 °C). The adsorption kinetics of copper ions was established and was well agreed with the second-order model and Langmuir isotherm. Finally, the thermodynamic parameters were studied.

5.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103512, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585193

RESUMO

The dopamine (DA) D2 receptor is a member of the G protein-coupled receptors of organisms and plays an important role in immune system regulation. The presence of DA receptors has been widely reported in vertebrates, but few studies have been conducted in shellfish. Here, we identified a novel DA-D2 receptor gene, ScDopR2-1, in the razor clam Sinonovacula constricta. ScDopR2-1 belongs to the family of G protein-coupled receptors, containing seven hydrophobic transmembrane domains, along with 16 predicted N-glycosylation sites and 69 phosphorylation sites. A longer third intracellular loop and a shorter C-terminus in ScDopR2-1 are characteristic features of D2 receptors. ScDopR2-1 is widely expressed in tissues from adult clams, showing high expression in siphon and foot tissues. Furthermore, in response to Vibrio anguillarum challenge, ScDopR2-1 expression levels are significantly increased in liver tissue. Moreover, changes in the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) also indicate that the organism causes an immune response. In summary, the results indicate that ScDopR2-1 plays a pivotal role in antioxidant responses in S. constricta.

6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(6): 3478-3485, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748041

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), as primary intermediates formed during photocatalytic reactions, are critical for a photocatalyst to realize high activity. The major objective of this study was to investigate the regulation of ROS involved in the photocatalytic degradation process via constructing a typical metal-semiconductor hybrid heterojunction using Ag nanoparticles/anatase TiO2 as an example. Based on radical capturing, electron paramagnetic resonance, and electron spin resonance experiments, an increase in the available ROS can be achieved in the Ag/TiO2 heterojunction due to the fast separation of photogenerated carriers. In addition, due to the change in the electron transfer pathway, superoxide radicals (·O-2) are the dominant reactive species responsible for dye degradation using Ag/TiO2 rather than hydroxyl radicals (·OH) as the main free radicals in pristine TiO2. This study offers fresh insight into the regulation of ROS in photodegradation via the construction of a Ag/TiO2 heterojunction.

7.
Pharmazie ; 74(10): 601-605, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685085

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis (AS) is characterized by the significant accumulation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in macrophages that reside in the vessel wall and the resultant inflammatory response. Therefore, inhibition of LDL-induced inflammation is a promising interference for AS. Many traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions have been developed for AS treatment. Geniposide (GEN) is an iridoid glycoside mainly found in Gardenia jasminoides fruit. Although GEN has previously been shown to possess anti-atherosclerotic activities, its effects on the formation of macrophage-derived foam cells remain poorly characterized. In our current study, we demonstrated that GEN could significantly inhibit oxidized light-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced macrophage foam cell formation and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, treatment of GEN in bone-marrow derived macrophages repressed iNOS expression and NO expression. GEN could also alleviate ox-LDL-dependent up-regulation of CD36 expression by blocking the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, ERK, JNK and NF-kB p65. The results of our current study demonstrate that GEN exhibits significant therapeutic effects against ox-LDA-induced foam cell formation and inflammation. Therefore, GEN is promising agent for treating AS.

8.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast plastic surgery is a rapidly evolving field in medicine. The modern view of surgical trends reflects the desire to minimize complications and introduce advanced technologies. These always will be priorities for surgeons. Reconstructive surgery, a branch of plastic surgery focusing on restoration of lost functional and aesthetic component, seeks to enhance psychological rehabilitation and improve quality of life, as well as aesthetic recovery. OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the action of fibrin agents and their effect on the quality of surgical hemostasis. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The fundamental goals for the surgeon are to perform a minimally traumatic intervention and to prevent any form of complication. Achieving complete hemostasis is an intraoperative necessity. Timely prevention of bleeding and hemorrhagic phenomena can affect not only the outcome of the operation, but also the incidence of postoperative complications. Topics include the integrity of microvascular anastomoses, tissue adhesion, and the incidence of seromas and hematomas associated with fibrin glue usage. The literature on fibrin adhesives with respect to prevention of postoperative complications, and the effectiveness with active drainage also are analyzed.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691974

RESUMO

Inflammation is considered to be critical in the pterygium progression and recurrence. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood. Herein, we investigated the potential role of RNA binding protein human antigen R (HuR) responsible for the impact of inflammation on pterygium development. The expression of HuR and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) in pterygium and normal conjunctiva was detected with immunohistochemistry and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The influence of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) on HuR expression and cellular distribution was determined with western blot and immunofluorescence. The pterygium fibroblast (PTF) migration was determined with scratch wound healing assay and Transwell migration assay. MMP-9 production was determined with qRT-PCR and gelatin zymography. The interaction between HuR and MMP-9 was investigated with RNP immunoprecipitation (IP) followed by RT-PCR and messenger RNA (mRNA) stability analysis. HuR and MMP-9 expression are elevated in pterygium, especially progressive pterygium compared with normal conjunctiva. IL-1ß could increase the expression and nucleus-cytoplasm shuttle of HuR in cultured PTFs. HuR mediated the stimulatory effect of IL-1ß on PTF migration and MMP-9 production. HuR bound to MMP-9 mRNA and in turn increased it stability. Our results suggest that posttranscriptional regulation of MMP-9 via stabilizing mRNA by HuR might contribute to the stimulatory effect of inflammatory factor IL-1ß on pterygium progression. These findings shed light on the pathogenesis of pterygium and provide a promising target for adjuvant treatment of pterygium.

10.
Theranostics ; 9(25): 7648-7665, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695792

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) has emerged as a key event in tumor development and microenvironment formation. However, comprehensive analysis of AS and its clinical significance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) is urgently required. Methods: Genome-wide profiling of AS events using RNA-Seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) program was performed in a cohort of 464 patients with HNSC. Cancer-associated AS events (CASEs) were identified between paired HNSC and adjacent normal tissues and evaluated in functional enrichment analysis. Splicing networks and prognostic models were constructed using bioinformatics tools. Unsupervised clustering of the CASEs identified was conducted and associations with clinical, molecular and immune features were analyzed. Results: We detected a total of 32,309 AS events and identified 473 CASEs in HNSC; among these, 91 were validated in an independent cohort (n = 15). Functional protein domains were frequently altered, especially by CASEs affecting cancer drivers, such as PCSK5. CASE parent genes were significantly enriched in pathways related to HNSC and the tumor immune microenvironment, such as the viral carcinogenesis (FDR < 0.001), Human Papillomavirus infection (FDR < 0.001), chemokine (FDR < 0.001) and T cell receptor (FDR < 0.001) signaling pathways. CASEs enriched in immune-related pathways were closely associated with immune cell infiltration and cytolytic activity. AS regulatory networks suggested a significant association between splicing factor (SF) expression and CASEs and might be regulated by SF methylation. Eighteen CASEs were identified as independent prognostic factors for overall and disease-free survival. Unsupervised clustering analysis revealed distinct correlations between AS-based clusters and prognosis, molecular characteristics and immune features. Immunogenic features and immune subgroups cooperatively depict the immune features of AS-based clusters. Conclusion: This comprehensive genome-wide analysis of the AS landscape in HNSC revealed novel AS events related to carcinogenesis and immune microenvironment, with implications for prognosis and therapeutic responses.

11.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7155-7176, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698608

RESUMO

Modal identification involves primarily the determination of natural frequencies, damping ratios, mode shapes of a dynamic system, etc. It is usually regarded as an essential task in a wide branch of structural dynamics and civil engineering, such as structural vibration control and damage identification of buildings or bridges. There are many modal identification techniques. Basically, these techniques can be categorized into two groups: deterministic methods and Bayesian approaches. The first group can be used to provide deterministic (or optimal) estimations of modal parameters, but they are unable to quantify the estimation uncertainties. The second group is based on a usage of the Bayesian framework. Compared to the first group, the second group of methods has a typical merit of being able to offer uncertainty information of identified parameters, which is of great interests, or even necessary, for some follow-up studies. In this paper, both a deterministic method, i.e., a combination of spectral analysis, filtering and Random Decrement Technique (RDT), and a Bayesian method, i.e., Bayesian Spectral Density Approach (BSDA), are exploited to experimentally identify the modal parameters of a 303 m high-rise building that was subjected to a landfall typhoon. The validity and efficiency of each method is verified by comparing the two kinds of results. Meanwhile, the identified modal parameters are used for the serviceability assessment of this high-rise building against some frequency-specific criteria.

12.
Hypertens Res ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700166

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common human arrhythmia in clinical practice and may be promoted by atrial inflammation and fibrosis. Ubiquitination is an important posttranslational modification process that is reversed by deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs). DUBs play critical roles in modulating the degradation, activity, trafficking, and recycling of substrates. However, less research has focused on the role of DUBs in AF. Here, we investigated the effect of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1), an important DUB, on the development of AF induced by angiotensin II (Ang II). Male wild-type mice were treated with the UCHL1 inhibitor LDN57444 (LDN) at a dose of 40 µg/kg and infused with Ang II (2000 ng/kg/min) for 3 weeks. Our results showed that Ang II-infused wild-type (WT) mice had higher systolic blood pressure and an increased incidence and duration of AF. Conversely, this effect was attenuated in LDN-treated mice. Moreover, the administration of LDN significantly reduced Ang II-induced left atrial dilation, fibrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Mechanistically, LDN treatment inhibited the activation of multiple signaling pathways (the AKT, ERK1/2, HIF-1α, and TGF-ß/smad2/3 pathways) and the expression of CX43 protein in atrial tissues compared with that in vehicle-treated control mice. Overall, our study identified UCHL1 as a novel regulator that contributes to Ang II-induced AF and suggests that the administration of LDN may represent a potential therapeutic approach for treating hypertensive AF.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2657-2663, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) in octogenarians (age of ≥80 years) has a high risk of mortality and high medical expenses. Research shows that the prevalence of CAD is higher among octogenarians than that among younger people, but few such patients undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study aimed to evaluate different treatments with respect to their clinical effects and impacts on quality of life of octogenarians with CAD. METHODS: Data of 519 octogenarians with CAD consecutively treated at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing, China) from January 2010 to January 2016 were collected in this study. The patients were categorized into three groups based on the treatments they received: the PCI group (n = 292), CABG group (n = 110), and medical treatment group (n = 117). The followings were recorded during follow-up: clinical data, death (all-cause and cardiovascular-related), re-hospitalization time, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) score, and occurrence of hemorrhagic events (cerebral bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, and dermal ecchymosis). RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 25.0 (25th, 75th percentile: 17.0, 55.5) months among 417 patients. The all-cause death rates (28.2% vs. 12.0% and 14.6%, respectively) and cardiovascular-related death rates (15.4% vs. 3.8% and 6.4%, respectively) were significantly higher in the medical treatment group than those in the PCI group and CABG group (all P < 0.05). The re-hospitalization rate for cardiovascular events was significantly lower in the CABG group than those in the PCI group and medical treatment group (3.8% vs. 12.8% and 14.9%, respectively) (χ = 8.238, P = 0.018). The SAQ scores of physical limitation, angina frequency, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception were significantly higher in the PCI group and CABG group than those in the medical treatment group (all P < 0.05). No significant difference in the angina stability score was observed among the three groups (F = 3.179, P = 0.204). CONCLUSION: PCI and CABG result in reduced mortality and better quality of life in octogenarians with CAD.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109425, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726370

RESUMO

Gastric carcinoma (GC) is still one of the most common digestive system neoplasms and the primary reason for malignant cancer-associated death. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play critical roles in GC progression. In this study, we demonstrated that lncRNA testis development-related gene 1 (TDRG1) is markedly upregulated in clinical GC tissues and GC cells. High level of lncRNA TDRG1 correlates with the metastasis and prognosis of patients with GC. Overexpression of lncRNA TDRG1 promotes GC growth and metastatic-related traits in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TDRG1 causes opposite results. We future find that TDRG1 is inversely associated with miR-873-5p and positively modulates the expression of hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF), a functional target gene of miR-873-5p. Finally, lncRNA TDRG1 regulates the progression of GC through regulating miR-873-5p/HDGF pathway. Taken together, our data uncover the crucial function of TDRG1-miR-873-5p-HDGF axis in human gastric cancer.

15.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 523, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and presents a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Disease severity depends on the type of Babesia species infection. Generally, B. bovis and B. bigemina are considered as the causative agents of bovine babesiosis; in addition, Babesia ovata and B. major are a group of benign bovine piroplasms. Therefore, species identification is important for diagnosis, epidemiological investigations and follow-up management. METHODS: Real-time PCR combined with high resolution melting (RT-PCR-HRM) analysis was used to detect and discriminate four Babesia species infective to cattle, including Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, B. major and B. ovata. The melting profiles and melting temperatures (Tm) of the amplicon targeting 18S rRNA revealed differences that can discriminate the four Babesia spp. Sensitivity and specificity of the analytical method were evaluated using 50 blood samples collected from experimentally infected cattle and 240 blood samples from areas where bovine babesiosis is an issue. RESULTS: RT-PCR-HRM analysis allowed to detect and discriminate four Babesia spp. (B. bovis, B. bigemina, B. major and B. ovata), which were responsible for bovine babesiosis in China. The protocol was validated with DNA samples from experimentally infected cattle and field infection in cattle. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that RT-PCR-HRM is a fast and robust tool for the simultaneous detection and discrimination of four Babesia species that are responsible for bovine babesiosis in China. This approach is applicable for both field and experimental samples, thus it could be useful in epidemiological investigations and diagnoses of bovine babesiosis.

16.
Acta Biomater ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669696

RESUMO

Recapitulating aligned cellular architectures of native tissues in vitro is important to engineer artificial tissue analogs with desired biological functions. Here a novel strategy is presented to direct three-dimensional (3D) cellular alignment by embedding cell/collagen hydrogel into the predefined electrohydrodynamically-printed microlattices. The cell/collagen hydrogel, originally filled within the printed microlattices uniformly, was found to gradually develop into densely-populated and highly-aligned bands along the longitudinal direction of the printed microlattices. The cellular alignment was highly dependent on the height, spacing and orientation of the microlattices. The presented method was applicable to multiple cell types including primary cardiomyocytes and the gaps formed between the aligned bands and the lateral walls of the microlattice facilitated the subsequent seeding and rapid alignment of other cell types which enables to engineer anisotropic multicellular tissue constructs. The engineered cardiac patches expressed mature cardiomyocyte-specific phenotypes and exhibited synchronous contractive activities. Multilayer cellular alignment with varied orientation in 3D collagen hydrogel was successfully achieved by using electrohydrodynamically-printed microlattices with layer-specific orientations. This exploration offers a promising way to engineer complex 3D tissue constructs with predefined cellular alignments. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Fabrication of biomimetic highly-aligned complex cellular architectures has a great significance to recapitulate the unique mechanical and physiological functions of the engineered tissues (e.g., heart tissue, neuron, muscle). Here, we introduced a novel strategy to direct 3D cellular alignment by embedding cell/collagen hydrogel into the predefined electrohydrodynamically-printed microlattices without any external stimuli. The microscopical study of the dynamic alignment process of cells and collagen fibers contributed to exploring the mechanism of autonomous formation of highly-aligned cellular bands. Multilayer cellular alignment with varied orientation in 3D collagen hydrogel was successfully achieved by using the microlattices with layer-specific orientations, which showed a promising way to engineer complex 3D tissue constructs with predefined cellular alignments.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709544

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC), is mostly derived from normal colon epithelial cells, and has been reported to be one of most common gastrointestinal malignancies globally. An increasing number of researchers have claimed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert significant functions in tumor progression. Nevertheless, the function of MAGI2-AS3 remains uncertain in CRC. The expression of MAGI2-AS3, miR-3163, and transmembrane protein 106B (TMEM106B) messenger RNA was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cell apoptosis was measured by caspase-3 activity test. Cell proliferation was tested by cell-counting kit 8 and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine assays. Cell migration was detected by transwell assay. Western blot analysis examined the protein expression of TMEM106B. The expression of Ki-67 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry assay. The binding capacity between miR-3163 and MAGI2-AS3 (or TMEM106B) was studied by radioimmunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays. The expression of MAGI2-AS3 and TMEM106B was conspicuously upregulated whereas miR-3163 presented lower expression in CRC cells. MAGI2-AS3 deficiency facilitated cell apoptosis but hampered cell proliferation and migration. MAGI2-AS3 combined with miR-3163 and negatively regulated miR-3163 expression. In addition, the administration of sh-MAGI2-AS3 or miR-3163 mimics suppressed CRC cell growth in vivo. Subsequently, miR-3163 targeted TMEM106B and the transfection of sh-MAGI2-AS3 or miR-3163 mimics downregulated TMEM106B expression. Rescue assays verified that TMEM106B overexpression recovered the effects of MAGI2-AS3 inhibition on cell apoptosis, proliferation, and migration in CRC. MAGI2-AS3 drives CRC progression through regulating miR-3163/TMEM106B axis. This supplies innovative insights on the investigation of molecular mechanism in CRC progression.

18.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pretibial dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB-Pt) is an extremely rare subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) characterized by blistering and scar formation. The pathogenesis of the disease is mainly due to the mutation of COL7A1 gene encoding type VII collagen fibers, resulting in the destruction of the anchoring structure of the epidermis and dermis. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to discover the major mutations in DEB-Pt by studying this family and reviewing the literature on DEB-Pt. PATIENTS/METHODS: We examined the patients by clinical manifestations and histopathology, extracted DNA from blood samples from 7 individuals in the family via FlexiGene DNA Kit, and then sequenced the samples using whole-exon sequencing (WES). RESULT: Characteristic clinical manifestations such as blisters and scars were found in the patients. Genetic analysis revealed a missense mutation in exon 87(c.6860G>A) of COL7A1 gene, which has never been reported before. CONCLUSION: The discovery of the new mutation extends the COL7A1 mutation database. We also reviewed all the mutation in DEB-Pt from relevant literature at home and abroad. This will facilitate the molecular diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of DEB-Pt.

19.
BMC Mol Cell Biol ; 20(1): 49, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several reports indicated that the expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP) was associated with multi-drug resistance. Acidic microenvironment increased by the overexpression of vacuolar-ATPase (V-ATPase) was also observed in tumor growth and drug resistance. We hypothesize that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), currently used in the anti-acid treatment of peptic disease, could inhibit the acidification of the tumor microenvironment and increase the sensitivity of tumor cells to cytotoxic agents. Thus, our objective is to explore the reversal of drug resistance by the inhibition of YAP through specific PPIs in the epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) cells. . RESULTS: We found that V-ATPase D1 was a positive regulator of YAP. Sub-lethal doses of the proton pump inhibitor esomeprazole (EMSO) in combination with paclitaxel (PTX) increased the PTX sensitivity in PTX-resistant EOC cells, as compared to PTX single treatments by inhibiting YAP and reserving pH gradient created by the V-ATPase D1. Moreover, sub-lethal doses of EMSO combined with PTX decreased autophagy and improved caspases independent apoptosis of PTX-resistant EOC cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that sub-lethal doses of esomeprazole reverse YAP-mediated PTX resistance through the inhibiting of both YAP expression and acidic tumor microenvironment created by the V-ATPase D1. Therefore, we think the use of PPIs represents a promising strategy to improve the effectiveness of anti-EOC.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722171

RESUMO

Dichromate is a widespread contaminant in wastewater, threatening the health of humans and other organisms. Therefore, effective detection and removal of dichromate from water is of great significance. Herein, a tetraphenylethylene functionalized cationic organic network (CON-LDU2) was constructed via a facile quaternization reaction. CON-LDU2 was successfully integrated with both detection and removal functionalities toward dichromate. On the one hand, benefiting from the strong fluorescence, CON-LDU2 was employed as a chemosensor, it could efficiently and selectively probe Cr2O72- in water with "turn-off" fluorescent response. On the other hand, the cationic skeleton and free anions inside framework make CON-LDU2 an excellent adsorbent for Cr2O72-, it could capture Cr2O72- from water with rapid kinetics and high capacity. The kinetic constant for adsorption of Cr2O72- can reach up to 1.784 g mg-1 min-1, while the capacity is determined as 325 mg g-1. Furthermore, CON-LDU2 displayed good recyclability and can be reused for at least 5 cycles. Therefore, CON-LDU2 can serve as an ideal candidate not only in detection but also in removal of Cr2O72- in water medium.

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