Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 309
Filtrar
1.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806822

RESUMO

Periodized carbohydrate availability can enhance exercise capacity, but the effects of short-term fat adaptation carbohydrate restoration (FACR) diets on metabolic responses and exercise performance in endurance athletes have not been conclusively determined. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a FACR diet on measures of resting metabolism, exercise metabolism, and exercise performance. Well-trained male runners (n = 8) completed a FACR dietary intervention (five days' carbohydrate < 20% and fat > 60% energy, plus one-day carbohydrate ≥ 70% energy), and a control high-carbohydrate (HCHO) diet for six days (carbohydrate > 60% energy; fat < 20% energy) in a randomized crossover design. Pre- and post-intervention metabolic measures included resting metabolic rate (RMR), respiratory quotient (RQ), maximum fat oxidation rate during exercise (MFO), and maximum fat oxidation intensity (FATmax). Measures of exercise performance included maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), running economy (RE), and 5 km running time trial (5 km-TT). In FACR compared with HCHO, there were significant improvements in FATmax (p = 0.006) and RE (p = 0.048). There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) between FACR and HCHO in RMR, RQ, VO2max, or 5 km-TT. Findings suggest that a short-term (six days) FACR diet may facilitate increased fat oxidation and submaximal exercise economy but does not improve 5 km-TT performance.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many controversies exist regarding screening and treatment of thyroid cancer (TC), especially papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' psychological distress and sleep disturbance throughout thyroid nodules (TNs) screening, diagnosis and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2834 participants (1153 participants with TNs) were enrolled during the screening phase, and 1105 individuals with TNs (87 individuals with TC) were enrolled during the diagnosis phase. Of the 87 TC patients, 66 underwent immediate operation (OP), and 21 patients with PTMC opted for active surveillance (AS). Four validated scales were applied to quantify the outcome indicators at prescreening, postscreening, postdiagnosis and posttreatment. RESULTS: Higher psychological distress and sleep disturbance were found postscreening than prescreening in subjects with TNs, but no differences in those absence of nodules. Compared to postscreening, higher scores of psychological distress and sleep disturbance were identified in patients with suspicious TC treated with fine needle aspiration (FNA) or AS. Lower psychological distress and sleep disturbance were noted for benign nodule patients than for TC patients. OP for TC, especially PTMC, did not alleviate psychological distress or sleep disturbance compared with the same parameters in patients who underwent AS. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of impaired psychological health and sleep quality, screening for TNs in adults who show no symptoms should be performed with caution. Psychological distress and sleep disturbance should also be taken into consideration when FNA is performed for suspected TC or OP for PTC, especially PTMC.

3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 631894, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776925

RESUMO

Rationale: The thyroid is a rare site for distant metastases from breast carcinoma. The incidence of thyroid metastases in fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was less than 0.2%. Patient concerns: We report a case of 54-year-old woman with a history of breast carcinoma presented with diffuse scattered microcalcifications in thyroid and enlarged bilateral cervical lymph nodes detected on ultrasound (US). Physical examination of the patient revealed firm and enlarged thyroid lobes. Diagnoses: FNAB and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of the thyroid lesion confirmed the thyroid metastases from breast cancer. Interventions and Outcomes: Due to the comorbidities of breast carcinoma metastases to the right axillary, cervical lymph nodes and left chest wall, the patient received chemotherapy. After a follow-up of 19 months, the patient was alive without any new distant metastases. Lessons: Our case highlights that thyroid metastases should be considered in a patient combined with thyroid lesions and a history of breast carcinoma. IHC played an important role in differentiating thyroid metastases from primary thyroid cancer.

4.
Nanoscale ; 13(11): 5826-5833, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710203

RESUMO

Fast and accurately locating the heating or force bearing points is essential to the maintenance and diagnosis of nano/micro-electromechanical systems. Here, a knitted graphene sheet (KGS), prepared by knitting graphene nanoribbons, is proposed as a heat or force sensor to locate the spot with nanoscale precision under thermal or mechanical loadings. The heat flux transport among the ribbons in the KGS is more difficult than in the ribbon due to the weaker van der Waals interactions among ribbons, so the heat energy can be restricted in the directly loaded ribbons over a period of time. Molecular dynamics results demonstrate that the KGS can efficiently locate and evaluate the spots and sizes of heat/force sources with high accuracy dependent on the width of the ribbons in the KGS. Our research provides a new detection approach and sheds light on designing and assembling KGS-based nanosensors for locating thermal and mechanical loads.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24615, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663071

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The T-SPOT.TB assay detects cellular immune responses to 2 core Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens, early secreted antigenic target of 6-kDa protein (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein-10 (CFP-10). T-SPOT.TB has been recently used for auxiliary diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). However, testing can produce inconsistent results due to differential PTB patient immune responses to these antigens, prompting us to identify factors underlying inconsistent results.Data were retrospectively analyzed from 1225 confirmed PTB patients who underwent T-SPOT.TB testing at 5 specialized tuberculosis hospitals in China between December 2012 and November 2015. Numbers of spot-forming cells (SFCs) reflecting T cell responses to ESAT-6 and CFP-10 antigens were recorded then analyzed via multivariable logistic regression to reveal factors underlying discordant T cell responses to these antigens.The agreement rate of 84.98% (82.85%-86.94%) between PTB patient ESAT-6 and CFP-10 responses demonstrated high concordance. Additionally, positivity rates were higher for ESAT-6 than for CFP-10 (84.8% vs 80.7%, P < .001), with ESAT-6 and CFP-10 microwell SFC numbers for each single positive group not differing significantly (P > .99), while spot numbers of the single positive group were lower than numbers for the double positive group (P < .001). Elderly patients (aged ≥66 years) and patients receiving retreatment were most likely to have discordance results.ESAT-6 promoted significantly more positive T-SPOT.TB results than did CFP-10 in PTB patients. Advanced age and retreatment status were correlated with discordant ESAT-6 and CFP-10 results. Assessment of factors underlying discordance may lead to improved PTB diagnosis using T-SPOT.TB.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Testes Imunológicos/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
6.
Electromagn Biol Med ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688776

RESUMO

High-power microwaves (HPMs) have been reported to have hazardous effects on multiple human and animal organs. However, the biological effects of 1.5-GHz HPMs on the reproductive system are not clear. Here, we studied the effects of 1.5 -GHz HPM whole-body exposure on the pathological structure of the testicles and changes in spermatozoa mobility. C57BL/6 mice of groups L, M, and H were exposed to 1.5-GHz HPM fields for two 15-min intervals at the average specific absorption rates of 3, 6, and 12 W/Kg, respectively. The pathological structure of the testicles and spermatozoa, as well as serum testosterone and sperm motility parameters, were evaluated at 6 h, 1 d, 3 d, and 7 d after exposure. As a result, there were no significant pathological or ultrastructural changes in the testicles or spermatozoa and serum testosterone levels. The number of progressively motile spermatozoa, curvilinear velocity, linear velocity, and average path velocity of the exposure group increased at 6 h, decreased at 1 d, and recovered at 3 d. The opposite results were considered a stress response to the thermal effect of the microwaves. Our results indicated that 1.5-GHz HPM whole-body exposure in mice at SARs of 3, 6, and 12 W/Kg for 30 min did not cause obvious damage to the reproductive system.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 95: 107534, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of STAT3 in reducing the inflammatory responses in mice with viral myocarditis (VMC). METHODS: Induce and generate viral myocarditis by using coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infected cardiomyocyte-specific STAT3 conditional knockout (STAT3cKO) mice and BALB/c mice. Use RT-PCR and western blot techniques to detect the expression of related cytokines in the uninfected wild-type mice group (Control group), myocarditis wild-type mice group (Model group) and STAT3cKO group, as well as the differentiation of spleen T cells in each group. Eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3-STAT3 can reduce the expression of inflammatory factors the in vitro cultured cardiomyocytes of the STAT3cKO group. RESULTS: RT-PCR showed that compared with the Control group, the expression levels of VMC-related genes (NF-κB, TNF­α, IL-1ß and IL-1) and anti-inflammation-related cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-ß) in the Model group went up (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001); and also compared with the Control group, the rise in the expression levels of the above VMC-related genes in the STAT3cKO group was particularly significant (***p < 0.001, ****p < 0.0001) but there was no significant difference in the expression of IL-10 and TGF-ß. After 4 weeks, a second RT-PCR showed that the expression of inflammation-related genes in the STAT3cKO group continued to be activated (***p < 0.001, ****p < 0.0001). Western blotting was performed to detect the expression of p65, a key protein of the NF-κB signalling pathway. The results showed that the p65 protein content was increased and the IL-10 protein content was decreased in the STAT3cKO group; the results of the T cell differentiation test showed that the T cell differentiation rate increased in the STAT3cKO group (**p < 0.01). Eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3-STAT3 could reduce the expression of NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-17 (**p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The expression of STAT3 gene in VMC could to a certain extent inhibit the NF-κB signalling pathway and reduce the inflammatory responses of VMC.

8.
Int J Pharm ; 598: 120335, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545281

RESUMO

This study extends QbD principles to liposomal products containing a hydrophilic active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). The feasibility and advantages of the QbD concept for multivesicular liposome-based systems were demonstrated. We selected the local anesthetic drug bupivacaine as a model compound. Desired properties for three critical attributes of multivesicular liposome drug products, namely, the particle size, morphology, and drug encapsulation efficiency, were defined and evaluated. The liposome preparation process significantly affected both the liposome particle size and drug encapsulation efficiency. In this study, the effects of material attributes and processing parameters during the preparation of liposomes were studied in detail using a microscope and particle size analyzer. We used risk assessment to monitor several factors that substantially affect the encapsulation rate and particle size.

9.
Endocrinology ; 162(3)2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543236

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) produced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is sweeping the world in a very short time. Although much has been learned about the clinical course, prognostic inflammatory markers, and disease complications of COVID-19, the potential interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and the thyroid is poorly understood. In contrast to SARS-CoV-1, limited available evidence indicates there is no pathological evidence of thyroid injury caused by SARS-CoV-2. However, subacute thyroiditis caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been reported for the first time. Thyroid dysfunction is common in patients with COVID-19 infection. By contrast, certain thyroid diseases may have a negative impact on the prevention and control of COVID-19. In addition, some anti-COVID-19 agents may cause thyroid injury or affect its metabolism. COVID-19 and thyroid disease may mutually aggravate the disease burden. Patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection should not ignore the effect on thyroid function, especially when there are obvious related symptoms. In addition, patients with thyroid diseases should follow specific management principles during the epidemic period.


Assuntos
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide , Glândula Tireoide/virologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , /tratamento farmacológico , Comorbidade , Feminino , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Glândula Tireoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Tireoidite/virologia , Tireotropina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/uso terapêutico
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528113

RESUMO

Dapoxetine is the first oral medication specifically developed for the on-demand treatment of premature ejaculation. The pharmacokinetics and safety of 30 mg (n = 40) and 60 mg (n = 38) dapoxetine in healthy Chinese under fasted and fed states were assessed in 2 studies. Both studies are random, single-center, 2-period, open-label, 2-way crossover designs. Plasma concentration of dapoxetine was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental analysis. Dapoxetine was quickly absorbed and reached maximum concentration 1 to 3 hours after oral administration. Elimination was biphasic, and the plasma concentration decreased to 3% to 7% of maximum concentration by 24 hours while half-life was 15 to 18 hours. Meantime, high-fat meals slightly increased its exposure. Both doses of dapoxetine were well tolerated. The adverse events in the high-dose group under fasted and fed states were 37.9% and 19.0%, respectively.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a new terminology updated from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we aim to estimate the global prevalence of MAFLD specifically in overweight and obese adults from the general population by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis through mining the existing epidemiological data on fatty liver disease. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and google scholar database from inception to November, 2020. DerSimonian-Laired random-effects model with Logit transformation was performed for data analysis. Sensitivity analysis and meta-regression were used to explore predictors of MAFLD prevalence in pooled statistics with high heterogeneity. RESULTS: We identified 116 relevant studies comprised of 2667052 participants in general population with an estimated global MAFLD prevalence as 50.7% (95% CI 46.9-54.4) among overweight/obese adults regardless of diagnostic techniques. Ultrasound was the most commonly used diagnostic technique generating prevalence rate of 51.3% (95% CI 49.1-53.4). Male (59.0%, 95% CI 52.0-65.6) had a significantly higher MAFLD prevalence than female (47.5%, 95% CI 40.7-54.5). Interestingly, MAFLD prevalence rates are comparable based on classical NAFLD and non-NAFLD studies in general population. The pooled estimate prevalence of comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome was 19.7% (95% CI 12.8-29.0) and 57.5% (95% CI 49.9-64.8), respectively. CONCLUSION: MAFLD has an astonishingly high prevalence rate in overweight and obese adults. This calls for attention and dedicated action from primary care physicians, specialists, health policy makers and the general public alike.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6660087, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623786

RESUMO

Background: More than a third of women could develop ovarian cysts during their lifetime. Jingshu granules are used for the treatment of gynecological disease of primary dysmenorrhea. However, the molecular mechanisms of Jingshu granules in ovarian cysts are still unreported. We aimed to find the active ingredients, molecular targets, and potential signaling pathways of Jingshu granules in ovarian cysts by using the systemic pharmacological analysis. Methods: Firstly, the effect of Jingshu granules on female hormones and reproductive organs of young female rats was evaluated. Secondly, candidate pharmaceutical ingredients of Jingshu granules were retrieved from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology (TCMSP) database and analysis platform. Potential protein targets for the active ingredients in Jingshu granules were then identified according to the oral bioavailability and drug-likeness indices. Thirdly, ovarian cyst-related gene targets were screened based on different databases. Finally, enrichment analysis was used to analyze the potential biological function of intersection targets between Jingshu granules and ovarian cysts. Results: In young female rats, Jingshu granules reduced the secretion of estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin and could affect the development of the uterus. This suggested that Jingshu granules played roles in hormone secretion and reproduction. From the TCMSP, a total of 1021 pharmaceutical ingredients of Jingshu granules were retrieved. After further screening, a total of 166 active ingredients and 159 protein targets of Jingshu granules were identified. In addition, 4488 gene targets of ovarian cysts were screened out. After taking the intersection, a total of 110 intersection targets were identified between potential protein targets of Jingshu granules and gene targets of ovarian cysts. In the functional analysis of 110 intersection targets, 8 signaling pathways including progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation (MAPK8 and CDK1 involved), GnRH signaling pathway (JUN involved), T cell receptor signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway (MAPK1 involved), NOD-like receptor signaling pathway (TNF, IL6, and IL1B involved), p53 signaling pathway (CDK2 and CDK4 involved), VEGF signaling pathway (MAPK14 involved), and PPAR signaling pathway (PPARG involved) were obtained. Conclusion: Our study revealed that Jingshu granules could function in patients with ovarian cysts through a number of molecular targets and signaling pathways. Our study may provide a new field into the mechanisms of Jingshu granules in ovarian cysts, from the molecular to the signaling pathway level.

13.
Head Neck ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy is effective in improving disease-specific survival (DSS) in patients with follicular variant papillary thyroid cancer (FVPTC) without distant metastasis remains unclear. METHODS: Patients with FVPTC were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2004 and 2015. The Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to evaluate DSS. Propensity score-matched analysis was performed to reduce the influence of confounding bias. RESULTS: RAI did not improve DSS, even in patients with aggressive features such as T4 classification (p = 0.658), extrathyroidal extension (p = 0.083), lateral lymph node metastasis (p = 0.544), and ≥5 metastatic lymph nodes (p = 0.599). CONCLUSION: RAI did not affect DSS in patients with FVPTC without distant metastases in this SEER database study. Multicenter, prospective studies including recurrence and molecular information should be conducted to comprehensively evaluate the effects of RAI on FVPTC.

14.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 30, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To validate and compare various MRI-based radiomics models to evaluate treatment response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) of rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 80 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who underwent surgical resection after nCRT were enrolled retrospectively. Rectal MR images were scanned pre- and post-nCRT. The radiomics features were extracted from T2-weighted images, then reduced separately by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and principal component analysis (PCA). Four classifiers of Logistic Regression, Random Forest (RF), Decision Tree and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) models were constructed to assess the tumor regression grade (TRG) and pathologic complete response (pCR), respectively. The diagnostic performances of models were determined with leave-one-out cross-validation by generating receiver operating characteristic curves and decision curve analysis. RESULTS: Three features related to the TRG and 11 features related to the pCR were obtained by LASSO. Top five principal components representing a cumulative contribution of 80% to overall features were selected by PCA. For TRG, the area under the curve (AUC) of RF model was 0.943 for LASSO and 0.930 for PCA, higher than other models (P < 0.05 for both). As for pCR, the AUCs of KNN for LASSO and PCA were 0.945 and 0.712, higher than other models (P < 0.05 for both). The DCA showed that LASSO algorithm was clinically superior to PCA. CONCLUSION: MRI-based radiomics models demonstrated good performance for evaluating the treatment response of LARC after nCRT and LASSO algorithm yielded more clinical benefit.

15.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(4): 988-998, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a rare but lethal malignancy, and few systematic investigations on genomic profiles of ATC have been performed in Chinese patients. METHODS: Fifty-four ATC patients in West China Hospital between 2010 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, while 29 patients with available samples were sequenced by whole-exome sequencing (WES). The associations between genomic alterations and clinical characteristics were statistically evaluated. RESULTS: The median overall survival was 3.0 months in the entire cohort, which was impacted by multiple clinical features, including age, tumor size, and different treatment strategies. In the WES cohort, totally 797 nonsilent mutations were detected; the most frequently altered genes were TP53 (48%), BRAF (24%), PIK3CA (24%), and TERT promoter (21%). Although these mutations have been well-reported in previous studies, ethnic specificity was exhibited in terms of mutation frequency. Moreover, several novel significantly mutated genes were identified including RBM15 (17%), NOTCH2NL (14%), CTNNA3 (10%), and KATNAL2 (10%). WES-based copy number alteration analysis also revealed a high frequent gain of NOTCH2NL (41%), which induced its increased expression. Gene mutations and copy number alterations were enriched in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), NOTCH, and WNT pathways. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals shared and ethnicity-specific genomic profiles of ATC in Chinese patients and suggests NOTCH2NL may act as a novel candidate driver gene for ATC tumorigenesis.

16.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(3): 183-191, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the effect and mechanism of Jiaotai Pill (, JTP) on insomniac rats. METHODS: The insomniac model was established by intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). In behavioral experiments, rats were divided into control, insomniac model, JTP [3.3 g/(kg•d)], and diazepam [4 mg/(kg•d)] groups. The treatment effect of JTP was evaluated by weight measurement (increasement of body weight), open field test (number of crossings) and forced swimming test (immobility time). A high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was built to determine the concentration of monoamine transmitters in hypothalamus and peripheral organs from normal, model, JTP, citalopram [30 mg/(kg•d)], maprotiline [40 mg/(kg•d)] and bupropion [40 mg/(kg•d)] groups. Expressions of serotonin transporter (SERT), dopamine transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot in normal, model and JTP groups. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established to determine the pharmacokinetics, urine cumulative excretion of metformin in vivo, and tissue slice uptake in vitro, which were applied to assess the activity of organic cation transporters (OCTs) in hypothalamus and peripheral organs. RESULTS: Compared with the insomniac model group, the body weight and spontaneous locomotor were increased, and the immobility time was decreased after treatment with JTP (P<0.01). Both serotonin and dopamine contents in hypothalamus and peripheral organs were increased (P<0.01). The norepinephrine content was increased in peripheral organs and decreased in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the same time, SERT, DAT, OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 were down-regulated in hypothalamus and peripheral organs (P<0.05). NET was down-regulated in peripheral organs and up-regulated in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, the activity of OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs was inhibited (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: JTP alleviates insomnia through regulation of monoaminergic system and OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.

17.
Neurochem Res ; 46(4): 878-887, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464446

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) has been implicated in PD development. Nevertheless, little insight has been gained on the mechanisms of UCA1 in PD pathogenesis. The levels of UCA1, miR-423-5p and potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 20 (KCTD20) were assessed by qRT-PCR and western blot. Cell viability was gauged by the CCK-8 assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Targeted relationships among UCA1, miR-423-5p and KCTD20 were verified by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. Our data showed that MPP+ induced UCA1 expression in SK-N-SH cells. UCA1 silencing protected against MPP+-evoked cytotoxicity in SK-N-SH cells. UCA1 functioned as a miR-423-5p sponge, and the protective impact of UCA1 silencing on MPP+-evoked cytotoxicity was mediated by miR-423-5p. KCTD20 was a direct target of miR-423-5p, and miR-423-5p overexpression mitigated MPP+-triggered cell injury by down-regulating KCTD20. Furthermore, UCA1 regulated KCTD20 expression by acting as a sponge of miR-423-5p in SK-N-SH cells. Our study first identified that the silencing of UCA1 protected SK-N-SH cells from MPP+-evoked cytotoxicity at least in part by targeting the miR-423-5p/KCTD20 axis.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(2)2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430170

RESUMO

A new potentiometric sensor based on modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) was prepared for the sensitive and selective detection of total residual chlorine (TRC) in simulated electrolytically-treated ballast water (BW). The modified CPE was prepared using ferrocene (Fc) as the sensing species and paraffin oil as the binder. It is revealed that the addition of Fc can significantly shorten the response time and improve the reproducibility, selectivity, and stability of the sensor. The open circuit potential of the Fc-CPE is in linear proportion to the logarithm of TRC within the TRC concentration range from 1 mg∙dm-3 to 15 mg∙dm-3. In addition, the Fc-CPE sensor exhibits good selectivity to TRC over a wide concentration range of the possible co-exiting interference ions in seawater. The Fc-CPE electrode can be used as a convenient and reliable sensor for the continuous monitoring of TRC during the electrolytic treatment of BW.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480650

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The common etiology of central nervous system (CNS) complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) includes CNS infection, metabolic abnormalities, drug toxicity, cerebrovascular events, Epstein-Barr virus-associated posttransplant lymphoproliferative diseases, and hematologic CNS relapse of leukemia. Although graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allo-HSCT, its CNS involvement is exceedingly rare. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe a patient who exhibited acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21) (q22;q22) and who suddenly lost visual acuity ~1 year after receipt of allo-HSCT. Given the observation of negative cerebrospinal fluid findings, cyclosporine-related encephalopathy, intracranial hemorrhage, CNS infection, leukemia recurrence, and tumors were excluded. He was diagnosed with both CNS and pulmonary GVHD. After steroid treatment, the lesions gradually reduced in images acquired via cranial and pulmonary computed tomography. CONCLUSIONS: CNS-GVHD is a rare, serious complication of allo-HSCT that is difficult to diagnose. Biopsy and autopsy may identify the CNS as the target of GVHD in some patients. Treatment is mainly based on the use of immunosuppressive drugs, including high doses of steroids. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve disease outcome.

20.
PLoS Med ; 18(1): e1003464, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior research has underscored negative impacts of perinatal parental depression on offspring cognitive performance in early childhood. However, little is known about the effects of parental depression during adolescence on offspring cognitive development. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This study used longitudinal data from the nationally representative China Family Panel Studies (CFPS). The sample included 2,281 adolescents aged 10-15 years (the median age was 13 years with an interquartile range between 11 and 14 years) in 2012 when their parents were surveyed for depression symptoms with the 20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The sample was approximately balanced by sex, with 1,088 females (47.7%). We examined the associations of parental depression in 2012 with offspring cognitive performance (measured by mathematics, vocabulary, immediate word recall, delayed word recall, and number series tests) in subsequent years (i.e., 2014, 2016, and 2018) using linear regression models, adjusting for various offspring (i.e., age, sex, and birth order), parent (i.e., parents' education level, age, whether living with the offspring, and employment status), and household characteristics (i.e., place of residence, household income, and the number of offspring). We found parental depression during adolescence to be significantly associated with worse cognitive performance in subsequent years, in both crude and adjusted models. For example, in the crude models, adolescents whose mothers had depression symptoms in 2012 scored 1.0 point lower (95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.2 to -0.8, p < 0.001) in mathematics in 2014 compared to those whose mothers did not have depression symptoms; after covariate adjustment, this difference marginally reduced to 0.8 points (95% CI: -1.0 to -0.5, p < 0.001); the associations remained robust after further adjusting for offspring earlier cognitive ability in toddlerhood (-1.2, 95% CI: -1.6, -0.9, p < 0.001), offspring cognitive ability in 2012 (-0.6, 95% CI: -0.8, -0.3, p < 0.001), offspring depression status (-0.7, 95% CI: -1.0, -0.5, p < 0.001), and parents' cognitive ability (-0.8, 95% CI: -1.2, -0.3, p < 0.001). In line with the neuroplasticity theory, we observed stronger associations between maternal depression and mathematical/vocabulary scores among the younger adolescents (i.e., 10-11 years) than the older ones (i.e., 12-15 years). For example, the association between maternal depression and 2014 vocabulary scores was estimated to be -2.1 (95% CI: -2.6, -1.6, p < 0.001) in those aged 10-11 years, compared to -1.2 (95% CI: -1.6, -0.8, p < 0.001) in those aged 12-15 years with a difference of 0.9 (95% CI: 0.2, 1.6, p = 0.010). We also observed a stronger association of greater depression severity with worse mathematical scores. The primary limitations of this study were the relatively high attrition rate and residual confounding. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we observed that parental depression during adolescence was associated with adverse offspring cognitive development assessed up to 6 years later. These findings highlight the intergenerational association between depression in parents and cognitive development across the early life course into adolescence.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...