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1.
Chemistry ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939857

RESUMO

Owing to their highly designable and tunable features, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been extensively investigated and developed in a wide range of applications. However, due to their crystalline nature, poor manipulation and processability restrict their practical implementation. In this context, the development of membranous MOF-polymer hybrid materials is an effective approach to address these shortcomings. This minireview provides a systematic overview on the construction of MOF-polymer hybrid membranes and emphasizes their functions, including separation, ion conduction, and sensing, and points out a perspective on their future directions.

2.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932077

RESUMO

RNase P functions either as a catalytic ribonucleoprotein (RNP) or as an RNA-free polypeptide to catalyze RNA processing, primarily tRNA 5' maturation. To the growing evidence of non-canonical roles for RNase P RNP subunits including regulation of chromatin structure and function, we add here a role for the rice RNase P Rpp30 in innate immunity. This protein (encoded by LOC_Os11g01074) was uncovered as the top hit in yeast two-hybrid assays performed with the rice histone deacetylase HDT701 as bait. We showed that HDT701 and OsRpp30 are localized to the rice nucleus, OsRpp30 expression increased post-infection by Pyricularia oryzae (syn. Magnaporthe oryzae), and OsRpp30 deacetylation coincided with HDT701 overexpression in vivo. Overexpression of OsRpp30 in transgenic rice increased expression of defense genes and generation of reactive oxygen species after pathogen-associated molecular pattern elicitor treatment, outcomes that culminated in resistance to a fungal (P. oryzae) and a bacterial (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae) pathogen. Knockout of OsRpp30 yielded the opposite phenotypes. Moreover, HA-tagged OsRpp30 co-purified with RNase P pre-tRNA cleavage activity. Interestingly, OsRpp30 is conserved in grass crops, including a near-identical C-terminal tail that is essential for HDT701 binding and defense regulation. Overall, our results suggest that OsRpp30 plays an important role in rice immune response to pathogens, and provide a new approach to generate broad-spectrum disease-resistant rice cultivars.

3.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 1641-1652, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907383

RESUMO

Background: Gut microbiota is associated with the progression of brain tumors. However, the alterations in gut microbiota observed during glioma growth and temozolomide (TMZ) therapy remain poorly understood. Methods: C57BL/6 male mice were implanted with GL261 glioma cells. TMZ/sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (SCC) was administered through gavage for five consecutive days (from 8 to 12 days after implantation). Fecal samples were collected before (T0) and on days 7 (T1), 14 (T2), and 28 (T3) after implantation. The gut microbiota was analyzed using 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing followed by absolute and relative quantitation analyses. Results: Nineteen genera were altered during glioma progression with the most dramatic changes in Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes phyla. During glioma growth, Lactobacillus abundance decreased in the early stage (T1) and then gradually increased (T2, T3); Intestinimonas abundance exhibited a persistent increase; Anaerotruncus showed a transient increase (T2) and then a subsequent decrease (T3). Similar longitudinal changes in Intestinimonas and Anaerotruncus abundance were observed in TMZ-treated mice, but the decrease of Anaerotruncus at T3 in the TMZ-treated group was less than that in the vehicle-treated group. No significant change in Lactobacillus was observed after TMZ treatment. Additionally, compared to vehicle control, TMZ treatment led to an enrichment in Akkermansia and Bifidobacterium. Conclusion: Glioma development and progression altered the composition of gut microbiota. Induction of Akkermansia and Bifidobacterium as well as the prevention of the reduction in Anaerotruncus may contribute to the anti-tumor effect of TMZ. This study helps to reveal the association between levels of specific microbial species in the gut and the anti-tumor effect of TMZ.

4.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 655-663, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907387

RESUMO

Purpose: LAAO has been an alternative therapy to oral anticoagulants (OACs) for stroke prophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) with elevated CHA2DS2-Vasc score, but the long-term outcomes of LAAO and its impacts on cardiac electrical and mechanical remodeling remain to be learned. We aimed to describe the impact of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) on atrial remodeling and cardiovascular outcomes within 5-year follow-up. Patients and Methods: A total of 107 patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) undergoing LAAO in the Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital between January 2014 and July 2017 were included. All participants were followed for ECG, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), and clinical outcomes (including cardiovascular death, heart failure, ischemic stroke/systemic embolism, and pericardial effusion) at 6 and 12 months, and thereafter every 12 months after LAAO discharge until 5 years. Results: After LAAO, the left atrial diameter significantly increased at 6 months (48.6 ± 6.7 vs 46.5 ± 7.0 mm); heart rate decreased immediately after the procedure (78.5 ± 14.7 vs 85.3 ± 21.7 bpm) when compared with the pre-procedure level. The QTc interval prolongated to the highest value of 460.7 ± 46.8 ms at 6 months (pre-procedure level of 433.7±49.0 ms). All these changes return to the pre-procedure level within the follow-up. For clinical outcomes, 51 patients suffered the composite of cardiovascular death (n=4, 3.7%), heart failure (n=25, 23.4%), ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (n=22, 20.6%), and pericardial effusion (n=26, 26.2%). Conclusion: LAAO did not change ECG or TTE characteristics and nonprocedure-related pericardial effusion is common during long-term follow-up. Further studies are warranted to investigate the optimal time frame of anticoagulation in patients undergoing LAAO.

5.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914116

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of diffusional variance decomposition (DIVIDE) for grading, molecular feature classification, and microstructural characterization of gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with suspected gliomas underwent DIVIDE imaging, yielding parameter maps of fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), anisotropic mean kurtosis (MKA), isotropic mean kurtosis (MKI), total mean kurtosis (MKT), MKA/MKT, and microscopic fractional anisotropy (µFA). Tumor type and grade, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 mutant status, and the Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67 LI) were determined after surgery. Statistical analysis included 33 high-grade gliomas (HGG) and 17 low-grade gliomas (LGG). Tumor diffusion metrics were compared between HGG and LGG, among grades, and between wild and mutated IDH types using appropriate tests according to normality assessment results. Receiver operating characteristic and Spearman correlation analysis were also used for statistical evaluations. RESULTS: FA, MD, MKA, MKI, MKT, µFA, and MKA/MKT differed between HGG and LGG (FA: p = 0.047; MD: p = 0.037, others p < 0.001), and among glioma grade II, III, and IV (FA: p = 0.048; MD: p = 0.038, others p < 0.001). All diffusion metrics differed between wild-type and mutated IDH tumors (MKI: p = 0.003; others: p < 0.001). The metrics that best discriminated between HGG and LGGs and between wild-type and mutated IDH tumors were MKT and FA respectively (area under the curve 0.866 and 0.881). All diffusion metrics except FA showed significant correlation with Ki-67 LI, and MKI had the highest correlation coefficient (rs = 0.618). CONCLUSION: DIVIDE is a promising technique for glioma characterization and diagnosis. KEY POINTS: • DIVIDE metrics MKI is related to cell density heterogeneity while MKA and µFA are related to cell eccentricity. • DIVIDE metrics can effectively differentiate LGG from HGG and IDH mutation from wild-type tumor, and showed significant correlation with the Ki-67 labeling index. • MKI was larger than MKA which indicates predominant cell density heterogeneity in gliomas. • MKA and MKI increased with grade or degree of malignancy, however with a relatively larger increase in the cell eccentricity metric MKA in relation to the cell density heterogeneity metric MKI.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904242

RESUMO

Pure organic room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) materials are considered as potential candidates for replacing precious metal-based complexes to fabricate highly efficient organic light emitting devices (OLEDs). However, applications of the reported RTP materials in OLEDs are seriously impeded by their low photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) in thin film state. To overcome these obstacles, we established a new strategy to construct highly efficient OLEDs based on pure organic RTP material sensitized fluorescence emitter by selecting benzimidazole-triazine molecules (PIM-TRZ), 2,6-di(phenothiazinyl)naphthalene (ß-DPTZN) and 5,6,11,12-tetraphenylnaphthacene (rubrene) as host, phosphor sensitizer and fluorescent emitter, respectively. The perfect combination of host, phosphorescent sensitizer and fluorescent emitter in the emitting layer ensure the outstanding performance of the devices with external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 15.7%, which sheds light on a new avenue for the construction of cost-effective high-performance OLEDs based on classic fluorescence emitters.

7.
mBio ; 12(2)2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906925

RESUMO

Unlike nucleobase modifications in canonical restriction-modification systems, DNA phosphorothioate (PT) epigenetic modification occurs in the DNA sugar-phosphate backbone when the nonbridging oxygen is replaced by sulfur in a double-stranded (ds) or single-stranded (ss) manner governed by DndABCDE or SspABCD, respectively. SspABCD coupled with SspE constitutes a defense barrier in which SspE depends on sequence-specific PT modifications to exert its antiphage activity. Here, we identified a new type of ssDNA PT-based SspABCD-SspFGH defense system capable of providing protection against phages through a mode of action different from that of SspABCD-SspE. We provide further evidence that SspFGH damages non-PT-modified DNA and exerts antiphage activity by suppressing phage DNA replication. Despite their different defense mechanisms, SspFGH and SspE are compatible and pair simultaneously with one SspABCD module, greatly enhancing the protection against phages. Together with the observation that the sspBCD-sspFGH cassette is widely distributed in bacterial genomes, this study highlights the diversity of PT-based defense barriers and expands our knowledge of the arsenal of phage defense mechanisms.IMPORTANCE We recently found that SspABCD, catalyzing single-stranded (ss) DNA phosphorothioate (PT) modification, coupled with SspE provides protection against phage infection. SspE performs both PT-simulated NTPase and DNA-nicking nuclease activities to damage phage DNA, rendering SspA-E a PT-sensing defense system. To our surprise, ssDNA PT modification can also pair with a newly identified 3-gene sspFGH cassette to fend off phage infection with a different mode of action from that of SspE. Interestingly, both SspFGH and SspE can pair with the same SspABCD module for antiphage defense, and their combination provides Escherichia coli JM109 with additive phage resistance up to 105-fold compared to that for either barrier alone. This agrees with our observation that SspFGH and SspE coexist in 36 bacterial genomes, highlighting the diversity of the gene contents and molecular mechanisms of PT-based defense systems.

8.
Minerva Surg ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To probe the association of pleural effusion with lung infection of patients with liver transplantation, and to provide a theoretical foundation for preventing, diagnosing and remedying pulmonary complications after liver transplantation. METHODS: Our team harvested clinical data of patients undergoing orthotopic allogeneic liver transplantation complicated with pleural effusion after surgery in our institution from May 2018 to July 2019. Based on whether puncture drainage was needed, patients were allocated to either control group or observation group. The differences in pleural effusion depth, lung function, lung infection, serum inflammatory factor levels and 6-month survival before and after surgery were compared. Finally, ROC curves were constructed for dissecting the correlation of pleural effusion with lung infection. RESULTS: On day 3 after surgery, (1) pleural effusion depth of the observation group was (5.70±1.20) cm, which was saliently greater than that of control group (P<0.05); (2) in comparison to control group, lung function indexes FVC, FEV1.0, MVV and PaO2 of observation group declined (all P<0.05); (3) sputum culture evinced that the lung infection rates of control group and observation group were 17.24% and 71.70% separately, and observation group harbored brilliantly higher infection rate (P<0.05); (4) in comparison to control group, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α contents in observation group augmented (P<0.05); (5) AUC of pleural effusion depth and lung infection was 0.849, 0.805 and 0.853 separately on days 1, 2, 3 after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: A positive correlation is existed between pleural effusion and lung infection after liver transplantation. When patients have persistent pleural effusion, the incidence of lung infection should be prevented and reduced.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(17): 20633-20640, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881291

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive hydrogels are flourishing; however, a multiresponsive luminescent hydrogel actuator in which the stimuli do not interfere with each other is still difficult to produce. Here, a smart luminescent bilayer hydrogel actuator with shape memory and reversible luminescence switch behaviors under the co-stimulation of pH and heating is reported. Under alkaline condition, chitosan-containing layer generates physical microcrystals to fix the temporary shape of the actuator while lanthanide emits bright luminescence. Upon acid treatment, the actuator recovers to its original shape and the luminescence is quenched since the "antenna effect" between organic ligand and lanthanide ions is disrupted. It is to be noticed that this multiresponsive cycle can be repeated several times without interfering each other. This work is expected to have potential application prospects in the fields of biomimetic soft robots, sensors, and camouflage.

10.
Muscle Nerve ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831220

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/AIMS: Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) is a severe neuromuscular complication of critical illness. Serum lactate is a useful biomarker in critically ill patients. The relationship between serum lactate level and ICUAW remains controversial. This study evaluated whether hyperlactacidemia (lactate level >2 mmol/L) was an independent risk factor for ICUAW in critically ill adult patients. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed in a general multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU). Sixty-eight consecutive adult critically ill patients without preexisting neuromuscular disease or a poor pre-ICU functional status whose length of ICU stay was 7 or more days were evaluated. Patients were screened daily for signs of awakening. Muscle strength assessment using the Medical Research Council score was performed on the first day a patient was considered awake. Patients with clinical muscle weakness were considered to have ICUAW. RESULTS: Among the 68 patients who achieved a satisfactory state of consciousness, the diagnosis of ICUAW was made in 30 patients (44.1%). After multivariate analysis, hyperlactacidemia (P = .02), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (P = .04), duration of mechanical ventilation (P = .02), and the use of norepinephrine (P = .04) were found to be significantly associated with the development of ICUAW in critically ill patients. DISCUSSION: This study shows a number of risk factors to be significantly associated with the development of ICUAW in critically ill adults. These factors should be considered when building early prediction models or designing prevention strategies for ICUAW in future studies.

11.
Atherosclerosis ; 324: 9-17, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis progression and regression studies are related to its prevention and treatment. Although we have gained extensive knowledge on germline phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) deficiency, the effect of inducible PLTP deficiency in atherosclerosis remains unexplored. METHODS: We generated inducible PLTP (iPLTP)-knockout (KO) mice and measured their plasma lipid levels after feeding a normal chow or a Western-type diet. Adenovirus associated virus-proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (AAV-PCSK9) was used to induce hypercholesterolemia in the mice. Collars were placed around the common carotid arteries, and atherosclerosis progression and regression in the carotid arteries and aortic roots were evaluated. RESULTS: On a normal chow diet, iPLTP-KO mice exhibited decreased cholesterol, phospholipid, apoA-I, and apoB levels compared with control mice. Furthermore, the overall amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles was reduced in these mice, but this effect was more profound for larger HDL particles. On a Western-type diet, iPLTP-KO mice again exhibited reduced levels of all tested lipids, even though the basal lipid levels were increased. Additionally, these mice displayed significantly reduced atherosclerotic plaque sizes with increased plaque stability. Importantly, inducible PLTP deficiency significantly ameliorated atherosclerosis by reducing the size of established plaques and the number of macrophages in the plaques without causing lipid accumulation in the liver. CONCLUSIONS: Induced PLTP deficiency in adult mice reduces plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides, prevents atherosclerosis progression, and promotes atherosclerosis regression. Thus, PLTP inhibition is a promising therapeutic approach for atherosclerosis.

12.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(7): 3672-3680, 2021 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764453

RESUMO

DNA phosphorothioate (PT) modifications, with the nonbridging phosphate oxygen replaced by sulfur, governed by DndABCDE or SspABCD, are widely distributed in prokaryotes and have a highly unusual feature of occupying only a small portion of available consensus sequences in a genome. Despite the presence of plentiful non-PT-protected consensuses, DNA PT modification is still employed as a recognition tag by the restriction cognate, for example, DndFGH or SspE, to discriminate and destroy PT-lacking foreign DNA. This raises a fundamental question about how PT modifications are distributed along DNA molecules to keep the restriction components in check. Here, we present two single-molecule strategies that take advantage of the nucleophilicity of PT in combination with fluorescent markers for optical mapping of both single- and double-stranded PT modifications across individual DNA molecules. Surprisingly, PT profiles vary markedly from molecule to molecule, with different PT locations and spacing distances between PT pairs, even in the presence of DndFGH or SspE. The results revealed unprecedented PT modification features previously obscured by ensemble averaging, providing novel insights into the riddles regarding unusual target selection by PT modification and restriction components.

13.
Zootaxa ; 4903(3): zootaxa.4903.3.8, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757091

RESUMO

Two new species of Paratanytarsus Thienemann Bause, P. nanyuensis sp. n. and P. zengensis sp. n., are described and illustrated based on the adult males and pupae from Oriental China. Both the species show some unique characters, herein defined and discussed. Information on biology and ecology of new species are also provided.


Assuntos
Chironomidae , Dípteros , Animais , China , Larva , Masculino , Pupa
14.
Gastroenterology ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Genome-wide association studies in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) have failed to find X chromosome (chrX) variants associated with the disease. Here, we specifically explore the chrX contribution to PBC, a sexually dimorphic complex autoimmune disease. METHODS: We performed a chrX-wide association study, including genotype data from 5 genome-wide association studies (from Italy, United Kingdom, Canada, China, and Japan; 5244 case patients and 11,875 control individuals). RESULTS: Single-marker association analyses found approximately 100 loci displaying P < 5 × 10-4, with the most significant being a signal within the OTUD5 gene (rs3027490; P = 4.80 × 10-6; odds ratio [OR], 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.028-1.88; Japanese cohort). Although the transethnic meta-analysis evidenced only a suggestive signal (rs2239452, mapping within the PIM2 gene; OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.09-1.26; P = 9.93 × 10-8), the population-specific meta-analysis showed a genome-wide significant locus in East Asian individuals pointing to the same region (rs7059064, mapping within the GRIPAP1 gene; P = 6.2 × 10-9; OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.21-1.46). Indeed, rs7059064 tags a unique linkage disequilibrium block including 7 genes: TIMM17B, PQBP1, PIM2, SLC35A2, OTUD5, KCND1, and GRIPAP1, as well as a superenhancer (GH0XJ048933 within OTUD5) targeting all these genes. GH0XJ048933 is also predicted to target FOXP3, the main T-regulatory cell lineage specification factor. Consistently, OTUD5 and FOXP3 RNA levels were up-regulated in PBC case patients (1.75- and 1.64-fold, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This work represents the first comprehensive study, to our knowledge, of the chrX contribution to the genetics of an autoimmune liver disease and shows a novel PBC-related genome-wide significant locus.

15.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 99, 2021 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioma, the most common primary brain tumor, account Preparing figures for 30 to 40% of all intracranial tumors. Herein, we aimed to study the effects of M2 macrophage-derived exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) on glioma cells. METHODS: First, we identified seven differentially expressed miRNAs in infiltrating macrophages and detected the expression of these seven miRNAs in M2 macrophages. We then selected hsa-miR-15a-5p (miR-15a) and hsa-miR-92a-3p (miR-92a) for follow-up studies, and confirmed that miR-15a and miR-92a were under-expressed in M2 macrophage exosomes. Subsequently, we demonstrated that M2 macrophage-derived exosomes promoted migration and invasion of glioma cells, while exosomal miR-15a and miR-92a had the opposite effects on glioma cells. Next, we performed the target gene prediction in four databases and conducted target gene validation by qRT-PCR, western blot and dual luciferase reporter gene assays. RESULTS: The results revealed that miR-15a and miR-92a were bound to CCND1 and RAP1B, respectively. Western blot assays demonstrated that interference with the expression of CCND1 or RAP1B reduced the phosphorylation level of AKT and mTOR, indicating that both CCND1 and RAP1B can activate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these findings indicate that M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR-15a and miR-92a inhibit cell migration and invasion of glioma cells through PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Biologia Computacional , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanopartículas/química , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Células THP-1 , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteínas rap de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
16.
Cancer Med ; 10(8): 2802-2811, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish a machine learning prediction model that can be used to predict bone metastasis (BM) in patients with newly diagnosed thyroid cancer (TC). METHODS: Demographic and clinicopathologic variables of TC patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 2010 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. On this basis, we developed a random forest (RF) algorithm model based on machine-learning. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), accuracy score, recall rate, and specificity are used to evaluate and compare the prediction performance of the RF model and the other model. RESULTS: A total of 17,138 patients were included in the study, with 166 (0.97%) developed bone metastases. Grade, T stage, histology, race, sex, age, and N stage were the important prediction features of BM. The RF model has better predictive performance than the other model (AUC: 0.917, accuracy: 0.904, recall rate: 0.833, and specificity: 0.905). CONCLUSIONS: The RF model constructed in this study could accurately predict bone metastases in TC patients, which may provide clinicians with more personalized clinical decision-making recommendations. Machine learning technology has the potential to improve the development of BM prediction models in TC patients.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742743

RESUMO

Multiple-resonance (MR) organic emitters bearing small full-width at half-maximum (FWHMs) are of general interest in organic light-emitting diodes. Indolo[3,2,1-jk]carbazole (ICz) embedded MR-fluorophors have demonstrated extremely small FWHMs, yet in the violet region with low electroluminescence efficiency. Herein, a strategic implementation of ICz subunits into MR fluorophors is proposed by taking advantage of the synergetic effect of para-positioned nitrogen atoms to enhance electronic coupling to decrease emitting energy gap. Deep blue emitters peaking at 441 and 447 nm with FWHMs of only 18 and 21 nm are thereof obtained, respectively, accompanied by ≈90 % photo-luminance quantum yields. With the assistance of a thermally activated delayed fluorescence sensitizer to recycle excitons, the corresponding narrowband electroluminescent devices show unprecedent high maximum external quantum efficiencies of 32.0 % and 34.7 % with CIEy of 0.10 and 0.085, respectively.

18.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 73: 105131, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652126

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with cardiomyocyte necrosis and apoptosis. Numerous studies have determined the regulatory effects of Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) cell proliferation and apoptosis in other cell types. However, the potential role of PTEN in cardiomyocyte is unclear. In this study, we used H9c2 cells cultured under serum deprivation to simulate the apoptosis process of myocardial infarction. Small interference RNA (siRNA) of PTEN was used to knock down the expression of PTEN. Cell viability was determined by CCK-8. Cell proliferation was examined by Edu staining, and the protein expression was analyzed by Western blot. We also evaluated the generation of ROS, the degree of DNA damage, and cell apoptosis using immunofluorescence assay. As a result, we observed that serum deprivation in H9c2 cells increased PTEN expression. Functionally, the PTEN knockdown experiment using siRNA inhibited serum deprivation-induced cell apoptosis, ROS production, and DNA damage, whereas increased cell proliferation. All these effects could be reversed by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, which indicated the PI3K/protein kinase B (AKT) might be the critical component of the PTEN effects during serum deficiency. In conclusion, our study indicated the role of the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway in serum deprivation-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cells.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 50(12): 4335-4344, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688894

RESUMO

Carbon materials have been extensively investigated as promising negative electrode materials for lithium/sodium ion batteries. However, most common carbon materials always suffer from limitations in regards to high reversible capacity and long-term cycling stability because of their low theoretical specific capacities and sluggish kinetics. Herein, we report a facile MOF-derived strategy for the synthesis of nitrogen/oxygen co-doped porous carbon polyhedra (NOPCP) with abundant channel-connected cavities with their inner surface decorated with a large number of N and O atoms, which can provide a large number of active sites (defects and edge doping sites) for the sorption of Li+/Na+. These cavities can also be considered as "ponds" where the electrolyte is stored, which shortens the diffusion distance of ions during the discharge/charge process. When evaluated as an anode material for LIBs, NOPCP-600 delivers a high reversible capacity of 1663 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 after 120 cycles and superior cycling stability with a capacity of 667 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles at 2 A g-1. For SIBs, NOPCP-600 delivers a high reversible capacity of 313 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 after 100 cycles and an excellent long-term cycling stability of 228 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 after 2000 cycles.

20.
HLA ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655664

RESUMO

The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system plays an important role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and organ transplantations, immune disorders as well as oncological immunotherapy. However, HLA typing remains a challenging task due to the high level of polymorphism and homology among HLA genes. Based on the high-throughput next-generation sequencing data, new HLA typing algorithms and software tools were developed. But there is still a deficit of systematic comparative studies to assist in the selection of the optimal analytical approaches under different conditions. Here, we present a detailed comparison of eight software tools for HLA typing on different real datasets (whole-genome sequencing, whole-exome sequencing and transcriptomic sequencing data) and in-silico samples with different sequencing lengths, depths, and error rates. We figure out the algorithms with the best efficiency in different scenarios, and demonstrate the effect of different raw reads on analytical performances. Our results provide a comprehensive picture of specifications and performances of the eight existing HLA genotyping algorithms, which could assist researchers in selecting the most appropriate tool for specific raw datasets.

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