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1.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 777-789, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) reduces the risk of renal injury in critical illness. METHODS: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL and CBM was searched from inception to 13 March 2022, for studies comparing the effect of GDFT with usual care on renal function in critically ill patients. GDFT was defined as a protocolized intervention based on hemodynamic and/or oxygen delivery parameters. A fixed or random effects model was applied to calculate the pooled odds ratio (OR) based on heterogeneity through the included studies. RESULTS: A total of 28 studies with 9,019 patients were included. The pooled data showed that compared with usual care, GDFT reduced the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critical illness (OR 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.47 to 0.80, p< 0.001). Sensitivity analysis with only low risk of bias studies showed the same result. Subgroup analyses found that GDFT was associated with a lower AKI incidence in both postoperative and medical patients. The reduction was significant in GDFT aimed at dynamic indicators. However, no significant difference was found between groups in RRT support (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.05, p= 0.17). GDFT tended to increase fluid administration within the first 6 h, decrease fluid administration after 24 h, and was associated with more vasopressor requirements. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests that GDFT aimed at dynamic indicators may be an effective way to prevent AKI in critical illness. This may indicate a benefit from early adequate fluid resuscitation and the combined effect of vasopressors.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Estado Terminal , Injúria Renal Aguda/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Estado Terminal/terapia , Feminino , Hidratação , Objetivos , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
2.
Insect Sci ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567495

RESUMO

Termites have physiological and behavioral immunities that make them highly resistant to pathogen infections, which complicates biocontrol efforts. However, the stimuli that trigger the pathogen-avoidance behaviors of termites are still unclear. Our study shows that workers of Coptotermes formosanus exposed to the conidia of Metarhizium anisopliae exhibited a significantly higher frequency and longer duration of allogrooming behaviors compared with untreated termites. Volatile compounds in the cuticle of control termites and termites previously exposed to a suspension of M. anisopliae conidia were analyzed and compared using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Our results showed that the amount of ergosterol differed between the fungus-exposed and control termites. Choice tests showed that termites significantly preferred to stay on filter paper treated with ergosterol (0.05, 0.1, or 1.0 mg/mL) compared with control filter paper. In addition, termites exposed to ergosterol followed by M. anisopliae conidia were allogroomed at a significantly higher frequency and for a longer duration than termites exposed to alcohol (the solvent used with the ergosterol in the ergosterol trials) alone followed by M. anisopliae conidia. These results showed that ergosterol may enhance the allogrooming behavior of termites in the presence of entomopathogenic fungi. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Pathol Res Pract ; 235: 153938, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35552086

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts of more than 200 nucleotides that lack the ability to encode protein. Convincing studies have indicated that lncRNAs can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors by regulating gene expression. The novel lncRNA NR2F1-AS1 was recently found to be abnormally expressed in various malignancies, including hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, thyroid cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, osteosarcoma, and neuroblastoma. NR2F1-AS1 can modify cell proliferation, invasion, migration, apoptosis, the cell cycle, and glycolysis through various mechanisms involving direct or indirect effects on pathways. Furthermore, NR2F1-AS1 may be a potential therapeutic target and prognostic marker in cancer, as it has been related to the clinicopathological characteristics of cancer patients. Here, we summarize and clarify recent research advances regarding the expression, function, molecular mechanisms, and clinical implications of NR2F1-AS1 in multiple malignant tumors.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563339

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a common environmental heavy metal contaminant of reproduction toxicity. Cd accumulation in animals leads to the damage of granulosa cells. However, its mechanism needs to be elucidated. This research found that treating granulosa cells with Cd resulted in reduced cell viability. The flow cytometry results showed that Cd increased the degree of apoptosis and level of superoxide anion (O2-) in granulosa cells. Further analysis showed that Cd treatment resulted in reduced expression levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), and an increased expression level of malondialdehyde (MDA); the expression levels of Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) and caspase-3 increased, whereas that of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) decreased. Changes in m6A methylation-related enzymes were noted with Cd-induced damage to granulosa cells. The results of transcriptome and MeRIP sequencing revealed that the AKT pathway participated in Cd-induced damage in granulosa cells, and the MAX network transcriptional repressor (MNT) may be a potential target gene of fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO). FTO and YTH domain family member 2 (YTHDF2) regulated MNT expression through m6A modification. FTO overexpression alleviated Cd-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress through the activation of the AKT/Nrf2 pathway; this process could be reversed using siMNT. Overall, these findings associated m6A with Cd-induced damage to granulosa cells and provided insights into Cd-induced granulosa cell cytotoxicity from a new perspective centered on m6A modification.

5.
Ann Plast Surg ; 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The flaps in the trapezius region are routinely elevated as musculocutaneous flaps. The anatomy of trapezius perforators and their clinical application are unclear. METHODS: The number and distribution of superficial cervical artery perforators (SCAPs) and dorsal scapular artery perforators (DSAPs) were studied on 8 cadavers. The clinical usage of SCAP and DSAP flaps was investigated through a systematic literature review. RESULTS: A total of 27 SCAPs and 28 DSAPs were found in the 16 hemibacks. The mean calibers of SCAP and DSAP were 0.9 ± 0.2 and 0.8 ± 0.2 mm, respectively. The vascular length to the takeoff of the source artery was 7.3 ± 2.0 cm (range, 4.7-9.7 cm) for SCAPs and was 8.1 ± 2.8 cm (range, 3.2-13.6 cm) for DSAPs. Contour and density heat maps showed that the SCAPs were clustered within approximately 3 to 5 cm above the horizontal line through the medial point of the scapular spine (x-axis) and 5 to 8 cm from the midline (y-axis, P = 0.001) and clustered DSAPs located in approximately 4 to 9 cm below the x-axis and 4 to 10 cm from the y-axis (P = 0.002). Four SCAP and 19 DSAP flaps were found in literature. The mean sizes of SCAP flaps and DSAP flaps were 18.5 × 7.8 and 16.5 × 8.7 cm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both SCAP and DSAP flaps can be elevated with a relatively long pedicle. The anatomical knowledge of the location of major clusters of perforators contributes to the application of these flaps.

6.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 2022 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526236

RESUMO

In the devastating rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, six Magnaporthe appressoria-specific (MAS) proteins are encoded by MoGAS1, MoGAS2 and MoMAS3-MoMAS6. MoGAS1 and MoGAS2 were previously characterized as M. oryzae virulence factors; however, the roles of the other four genes are unknown. Here, we found that, although the loss of any MAS gene did not affect appressorial formation or vegetative growth, ∆Momas3 and ∆Momas5 mutant strains (but not the others) were reduced in virulence on susceptible CO-39 rice seedlings. Focusing on ∆Momas3 and ∆Momas5 mutant strains, we found that they could penetrate host leaf surfaces and fill the first infected rice cell but did not spread readily to neighbouring cells, suggesting they were impaired for biotrophic growth. Live-cell imaging of fluorescently labelled MoMas3 and MoMas5 proteins showed that during biotrophy, MoMas3 localized to the apoplastic compartment formed between fungal invasive hyphae and the plant-derived extra-invasive hyphal membrane while MoMas5 localized to the appressoria and the penetration peg. The loss of either MoMAS3 or MoMAS5 resulted in the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in infected rice cells, resulting in the triggering of plant defences that inhibited mutant growth in planta. ∆Momas3 and ∆Momas5 biotrophic growth could be remediated by inhibiting host NADPH oxidases and suppressing ROS accumulation. Thus, MoMas3 and MoMas5 are novel virulence factors involved in suppressing host plant innate immunity to promote biotrophic growth.

7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1372: 1-14, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503170

RESUMO

Sphingolipids and cholesterol are two lipid partners on cellular membranes where they form specific microdomains, named lipid rafts, which mediate specific cell functions. Sphingomyelin (SM) is one of the major sphingolipids. SM and free cholesterol are also two key lipids on the monolayer of plasma lipoproteins, including chylomicron, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which participate in lipid transport in the circulation. Thus, sphingolipids and cholesterol play a fundamental role in cell membrane structure and blood lipid transport. In this chapter we will discuss the relationship between both lipids, on the cell membrane and in the circulation, as well as the impact of such relationship in the development of metabolic diseases.


Assuntos
Colesterol , Esfingolipídeos , Colesterol/química , Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL
8.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(4)2022 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456363

RESUMO

Gout is a disease that manifests itself after decades of following a high-purine diet, with excessive alcohol consumption assumed to be one of the main contributors to the development of the disease. This study performs a Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to determine whether alcohol consumption causally affects the risk of developing both hyperuricemia and gout. The results indicate that genetically predicted drinks consumed per week have no causal effect on neither the risk of gout (p = 0.35), nor serum uric acid levels (p = 0.73). For MR analysis in the other direction, genetic risk of gout was significantly associated with drinks per week (p = 0.03). Furthermore, the results of the MR analysis were verified in a cohort of individuals diagnosed with hyperuricemia and gout, comprising of alcohol-consuming and alcohol-abstaining subgroups. When split by alcohol status, the serum uric acid levels failed to show a significant difference in both gout (p = 0.92) and hyperuricemia (p = 0.23) subgroups. Overall, the results suggest that increased alcohol consumption does not play a causal role in the development of gout.


Assuntos
Gota , Hiperuricemia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Gota/epidemiologia , Gota/genética , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana/métodos , Ácido Úrico
9.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(4)2022 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456441

RESUMO

Intramuscular fat (IMF) is one of the crucial factors determining meat quality. IMF deposition depends on the hyperplasia and hypertrophy of intramuscular preadipocytes, in which genes and noncoding RNAs play an important regulatory role. According to previous transcriptome analysis, ANXA6 and miR-24-3p were identified as involved in lipid metabolism in breast muscle. In this study, we further investigated their function in the proliferation and differentiation of chicken intramuscular preadipocytes. The results indicated that overexpression of ANXA6 inhibited proliferation and promoted differentiation of intramuscular preadipocytes, while knockdown of ANXA6 promoted cell proliferation and inhibited adipogenic differentiation. miR-24-3p was proved to directly bind to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of ANXA6 by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The regulatory effect of miR-24-3p on the proliferation and differentiation of intramuscular preadipocytes was opposite to that of ANXA6. Besides, the overexpression vector of ANXA6 eliminated the impact of miR-24-3p mimics on intramuscular preadipocytes. In brief, we revealed that miR-24-3p promoted proliferation but inhibited differentiation of intramuscular preadipocytes by blocking ANXA6 expression, thus dominating IMF deposition in broilers. These findings may provide a novel target for improving chicken meat quality.


Assuntos
Galinhas , MicroRNAs , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 607: 28-35, 2022 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366540

RESUMO

Neuronal activity is closely associated with energy metabolism. In addition to glucose, astrocyte-derived lactate serves as an energy source for neurons. Chronic inflammation is a common pathological event that is associated with aging and neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying inflammation-induced neuronal injury are not fully understood. Both microglia and astrocytes participate in the regulation of neuronal functions; therefore, we used astrocyte-neuron co-cultures to investigate the effects of chronic microglial activation on neuronal lactate metabolism. Chronic low-grade inflammation was induced by repeated stimulation of primary rat microglia with low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 ng/mL). The medium from the LPS-activated microglia was collected and used to mimic the inflammatory environment in primary cultures. In monocultures exposed to an inflammatory environment, intracellular lactate decreased in neurons but increased in astrocytes. However, astrocyte-neuron co-cultures exhibited increased lactate levels in neurons and decreased lactate levels in astrocytes when exposed to an inflammatory environment. Inhibition of lactate transporters expressed on neurons or astrocytes reduced the intracellular lactate in co-cultured neurons exposed to inflammation, but not in those exposed to physiological conditions. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production was reduced in both mono-cultured and co-cultured neurons. These results indicate that a chronic inflammatory environment increases neuronal lactate supply by promoting the astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle, but it impairs lactate oxidation in neurons. Additionally, chronic inflammation disrupts the neuronal cytoskeleton. This study highlights the importance of glial cells in regulating neuroenergetics and neuronal function and provides a comprehensive explanation for the neurotoxic effects of neuroinflammation.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Microglia , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Ratos
12.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435483

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis investigated the relationships between the CD44+/CD24- phenotype and tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) in 8036 postoperative breast cancer patients enrolled in 23 studies. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, Embase, and PMC was conducted to identify eligible studies. The combined odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were analyzed to evaluate the relationships between the CD44+/CD24- phenotype and the pathological and biological characteristics of breast cancer patients, and the combined hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs were calculated to evaluate the relationships between CD44+/CD24- and DFS and OS of breast cancer patients using Stata12.0 software. RESULTS: The CD44+/CD24- phenotype were not related to the tumor size (tumor size > 2.0 vs ≤ 2.0 cm, combined OR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.68-1.34, p = 0.792) and did not promote lymph node metastasis (lymph node metastasis vs. no lymph node metastasis, OR = 0.92, 95% CI 0.67-1.27, p = 0.626) and distant metastasis (distant metastasis vs no distant metastasis, combined OR = 3.88, 95% CI 0.93-16.24, p = 0.064). The CD44+/CD24- phenotype was negatively correlated with postoperative DFS (HR = 1.67, 95% CI 1.35-2.07, p < 0.00001) and OS (combined HR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.21-1.91, p = 0.0004). CONCLUSION: These results suggested expression of the CD44+/CD24- phenotype cannot be used as a reliable indicator of the tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis, however, it can be used be a potential therapeutic targets of DFS, OS in breast cancer patients.

13.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We have combined analysis of clinical and laboratory markers to try to find an optimal model to predict venous thromboembolism in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) wild-type glioblastoma (GBM) by a prospective research. METHODS: Patients with newly histologically confirmed IDH1 wild-type (IDH1wt) GBM were recruited for this study. Status of IDH1, PTEN, P53, BRAF, MGMT promoter methylation (MGMTp), and TERT promoter (TERTp) was determined using genetic sequencing through polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Amplification of EGFR was established through fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Competing risk regression model was performed to calculate the risk of VTE. Clinical and laboratory parameters that were independently predicted risk of VTE were used to develop a risk assessment model (RAM). RESULTS: One hundred thirty-one patients with IDH1wt GBM were included in the present analysis. A total of 48/131 patients (36.6%) developed VTE. D-dimer, ECOG score, and EGFR amplification were suggested to be significantly associated with the VTE risk in multivariable analysis. High ECOG score (>2), high D-dimer (>1.6 µg/ml), and EGFR amplification were used as the strongest independent predictors of increased risk of VTE. The cumulative incidence of VTE was 17.2% for patients with score 0 (n =29), 23.6% for patients with score 1 (n =55), and 63.8% for patients with score 2 (n = 35) or score 3 (n = 12) by application of a RAM. CONCLUSIONS: In IDH1wt GBM patients, by applying a VTE risk assessment model, we could identify patients with a very high and low risk of VTE.

14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 840887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432336

RESUMO

Immune responses are an integral part of the pathogenesis of pancreatitis. Studies applying the mouse model of pancreatitis induced by partial ligation of the pancreatic duct to explore the pancreatic immune microenvironment are still lacking. The aim of the present study is to explore the macrophage profile and associated regulatory mechanisms in mouse pancreatitis, as well as the correlation with human chronic pancreatitis (CP). In the present study, the mouse model of pancreatitis was induced by partial ligation of the pancreatic duct. Mice in the acute phase were sacrificed at 0, 4, 8, 16, 32, 72 h after ligation, while mice in the chronic phase were sacrificed at 7, 14, 21, 28 days after ligation. We found that the pancreatic pathological score, expression of TNF-α and IL-6 were elevated over time and peaked at 72h in the acute phase, while in the chronic phase, the degree of pancreatic fibrosis peaked at day 21 after ligation. Pancreatic M1 macrophages and pyroptotic macrophages showed a decreasing trend over time, whereas M2 macrophages gradually rose and peaked at day 21. IL-4 is involved in the development of CP and is mainly derived from pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). The murine pancreatitis model constructed by partial ligation of the pancreatic duct, especially the CP model, can ideally simulate human CP caused by obstructive etiologies in terms of morphological alterations and immune microenvironment characteristics.


Assuntos
Pancreatite Crônica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Pâncreas/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/cirurgia , Pancreatite Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite Crônica/metabolismo , Pancreatite Crônica/cirurgia
15.
Langmuir ; 38(15): 4692-4701, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385285

RESUMO

A novel interfacial reaction nucleation mechanism for the preparation of water-soluble Ag-In-S quantum dots (AIS QDs) was proposed in which interfacial acid regulates the concentration of hydroxide ions outside the complex and sulfur sources attack cations at the interface of the complex, covalent bonds between cations and sulfur sources are formed at the interface of the complex, and the nucleation and growth of crystals is finished at room temperature. By bypassing the heating process normally necessary for crystal nucleation and growth, AIS QDs can be produced on a large scale under simple, mild conditions. At the same time, the characteristics of this mechanism enable AIS QDs to be directly synthesized in an organic pollutant solution. This study represents a significant advance in the mechanism of crystal synthesis and contributes to the photocatalytic decomposition of organic pollutants from theory to practice.

16.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 479-493, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444413

RESUMO

Purpose: The prognostic impact of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) among different heart failure (HF) subtypes including HF with preserved (HFpEF, ejection fraction [EF] ≥50%), mid-range (HFmrEF, EF 40%~49%), and reduced (HFrEF, EF <40%) EF following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the incidence and prognostic implication of post-MI NOAF across HF subtypes. Patients and Methods: We included 1413 patients with post-MI HF (743 with HFpEF, 342 with HFmrEF and 328 with HFrEF) between February 2014 and March 2018. NOAF was considered as patients without a preexisting AF who developed AF during the AMI hospitalization. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Results: Of 1413 patients (mean age 66.8 ± 12.6 years, 72.9% men) analyzed, 200 (14.2%) developed post-MI NOAF. Patients with HFrEF were more likely to experience NOAF compared to those with HFmrEF or HFrEF (18.9%, 13.7% and 12.2% in HFrEF, HFmrEF and HFpEF, respectively; p for trend = 0.006). During a median follow-up of 28.5 months, 192 patients died (70 with HFrEF, 35 with HFmrEF and 87 with HFpEF) and 195 patients experienced HF rehospitalization (79 with HFrEF, 37 with HFmrEF and 79 with HFpEF). After multivariable adjustment, NOAF was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-3.12) only in the HFrEF group compared to sinus rhythm (SR), whereas an increased risk of HF rehospitalization was found in all HF subtypes, particularly in HFmrEF (HR: 5.08, 95% CI: 2.29-11.25) and HFpEF (HR: 2.83 95% CI: 1.64-4.90). Conclusion: In patients with post-MI HF, NOAF carried a worse prognosis for all-cause death in the HFrEF group and for HF rehospitalization in all HF subtypes.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Volume Sistólico
17.
Nature ; 604(7906): 502-508, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396580

RESUMO

Schizophrenia has a heritability of 60-80%1, much of which is attributable to common risk alleles. Here, in a two-stage genome-wide association study of up to 76,755 individuals with schizophrenia and 243,649 control individuals, we report common variant associations at 287 distinct genomic loci. Associations were concentrated in genes that are expressed in excitatory and inhibitory neurons of the central nervous system, but not in other tissues or cell types. Using fine-mapping and functional genomic data, we identify 120 genes (106 protein-coding) that are likely to underpin associations at some of these loci, including 16 genes with credible causal non-synonymous or untranslated region variation. We also implicate fundamental processes related to neuronal function, including synaptic organization, differentiation and transmission. Fine-mapped candidates were enriched for genes associated with rare disruptive coding variants in people with schizophrenia, including the glutamate receptor subunit GRIN2A and transcription factor SP4, and were also enriched for genes implicated by such variants in neurodevelopmental disorders. We identify biological processes relevant to schizophrenia pathophysiology; show convergence of common and rare variant associations in schizophrenia and neurodevelopmental disorders; and provide a resource of prioritized genes and variants to advance mechanistic studies.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Esquizofrenia , Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética
18.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(7)2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406830

RESUMO

Metal tolerance proteins (MTP) as divalent cation transporters are essential for plant metal tolerance and homeostasis. However, the characterization and the definitive phylogeny of the MTP gene family in Fagopyrum tartaricum, and their roles in response to metal stress are still unknown. In the present study, MTP genes in Fagopyrum tartaricum were identified, and their phylogenetic relationships, structural characteristics, physicochemical parameters, as well as expression profiles under five metal stresses including Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, and Cd were also investigated. Phylogenetic relationship analysis showed that 12 Fagopyrum tartaricum MTP genes were classified into three major clusters and seven groups. All FtMTPs had typical structural features of the MTP gene family and were predicted to be located in the cell vacuole. The upstream region of FtMTPs contained abundant cis-acting elements, implying their functions in development progress and stress response. Tissue-specific expression analysis results indicated the regulation of FtMTPs in the growth and development of Fagopyrum tataricum. Besides, the expression of most FtMTP genes could be induced by multiple metals and showed different expression patterns under at least two metal stresses. These findings provide useful information for the research of the metal tolerance mechanism and genetic improvement of Fagopyrum tataricum.

19.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 10144-10158, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443853

RESUMO

Peptide YY (PYY) 3-36, the main circulatory form of PYY, plays important roles in gastrointestinal motility, secretion, and absorption. However, it is unknown whether PYY 3-36 has underlying functions in colitis. The Crohn's disease (CD)-like mouse model in which CD is induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) was established and utilized to investigate this potential role for PYY 3-36. The results showed that the expression of colonic mucosal PYY and PYY receptors Y1, Y2, Y4 were significantly increased in mice with TNBS-induced colitis. In vitro, PYY 3-36 remarkably inhibited the production of proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages. In vivo, a high concentration of PYY 3-36 robustly decreased the weight loss and death rate and attenuated the pathological colon tissue damage observed in mice with TNBS-induced colitis. Further studies uncovered that PYY 3-36 treatment reduced the levels of colon myeloperoxidase (MPO) and both colonic and systemic TNF-α and IL-6 observed in murine colitis. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis showed PYY 3-36 altered the proportion of Th1/Th2 splenocytes in the disease model of colitis. Collectively, these results suggest that PYY 3-36 may be a promising candidate for the improvement of colitis, reflected by the attenuation of colon inflammatory responses observed in experimental murine colitis.


Assuntos
Colite , Doença de Crohn , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/patologia , Doença de Crohn/induzido quimicamente , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-6 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peptídeo YY/efeitos adversos , Ácido Trinitrobenzenossulfônico/toxicidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
20.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451026

RESUMO

Gout is of particularly high prevalence in the Maori and Pacific (Polynesian) populations of Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ). Here, we investigated the contribution of common population-specific CNV to gout in the Aotearoa NZ Polynesian population. Microarray-generated genome-wide genotype data from Aotearoa NZ Polynesian individuals with (n = 1196) and without (n = 1249) gout were analyzed. Comparator population groups were 552 individuals of European ancestry and 1962 of Han Chinese ancestry. Levels of circulating MHC Class I Polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) were measured by ELISA. Fifty-four CNV regions (CNVRs) appearing in at least 10 individuals were detected, of which seven common CNVRs were specific to or amplified in Polynesian people. A burden test of these seven revealed associations of insertion/deletion with gout (OR = 1.80 [1.01; 3.22], P = 0.046). Individually testing of the seven CNVRs for association with gout revealed nominal association of CNVR1 with gout in Western Polynesian (Chr6: 31.36-31.45 Mb, OR = 1.72 [1.03; 2.92], P = 0.04), CNVR6 in the meta-analyzed Polynesian sample sets (Chr1: 196.75-196.92 Mb, OR = 1.86 [1.16; 3.00], P = 0.01) and CNVR9 in Western Polynesian (Chr1: 189.35-189.54 Mb, OR = 2.75 [1.15; 7.13], P = 0.03). Analysis of European gout genetic association data demonstrated a signal of association at the CNVR1 locus that was an expression QTL for MICA. The most common CNVR (CNVR1) includes deletion of the MICA gene, encoding an immunomodulatory protein. Expression of MICA was reduced in the serum of individuals with the deletion. In summary, we provide evidence for the association of CNVR1 containing MICA with gout in Polynesian peoples, implicating class I MHC-mediated antigen presentation in gout.

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