Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 84
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127054, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481389

RESUMO

Currently, many catalysts are inconvenient to separate from water, and the solvents used in the preparation process are not environmentally friendly, resulting in low recovery efficiency and secondary pollution. In this study, the magnetic and porous regenerated cellulose/carbon nanotubes/Fe3O4 nanoparticles (RC/CNTs/Fe3O4 NPs) composites were synthesized for activation of peroxydisulfate (PDS) in a green alkaline-urea system. The RC/CNTs/Fe3O4 NPs-PDS system achieved 100% removal of bisphenol A compared with CNTs (~64.6%), RC (~0%) or Fe3O4 NPs (~0%), which was closely related to the introduction of defects and functional groups, nitrogen doping and conductive networks. Interestingly, the strong interaction between CNTs and the sheath-like protective layer formed by urea on the cellulose surface promotes the introduction of nitrogen into the composites at the preparation temperature of 70 °C. Moreover, the mechanism of the system was found to be a typical non-radical pathway. Fortunately, there is no leaching of iron ions in the system, and the effects of the actual waterbody, initial pH, and different anions are negligible. The recycling and separation experiments revealed the practicality and superiority of the composite. This work provides a feasible and sustainable strategy for the application of natural cellulose-supported catalysts.

2.
Small ; : e2104328, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738726

RESUMO

Cell polarization exists in a variety of tissues to regulate cell behaviors and functions. Space constraint (spatially limiting cell extension) and adhesion induction (guiding adhesome growth) are two main ways to induce cell polarization according to the microenvironment topographies. However, the mechanism of cell polarization induced by these two ways and the downstream effects on cell functions are yet to be understood. Here, space constraint and adhesion induction guiding cell polarization are achieved by substrate groove arrays in micro and nano size, respectively. Although the morphology of polarized cells is similar on both structures, the signaling pathways to induce the cell polarization and the downstream functions are distinctly different. The adhesion induction (nano-groove) leads to the formation of focal adhesions and activates the RhoA/ROCK pathway to enhance the myosin-based intracellular force, while the space constraint (micro-groove) only activates the formation of pseudopodia. The enhanced intracellular force caused by adhesion induction inhibits the chromatin condensation, which promotes the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. This study presents an overview of cell polarization and mechanosensing at biointerface to aid in the design of novel biomaterials.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 43449-43457, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472846

RESUMO

Composites based on a shape-memory polymer doped with conductive particles are considered as soft actuators for artificial muscles and robots. Low-voltage actuating is expected to reduce equipment requirement and safety hazards, which requires a highly conductive particle content but weakens the reversible deformation. The spatial distribution of the conductive particle is key to decreasing the actuating voltage and maintaining the reversible deformation. Herein, an approach of fabricating a low-voltage actuator that can perform various biomimetic locomotions by spraying and hot pressing is reported. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are enriched inside the surface layer of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) to form a high-density conductive network without degradation of the reversible deformation. The bilayer CNT/EVA actuator exhibits a reversible transformation of more than 10% even with 100 cycles, which requires an applied voltage of just 15 V. Taking advantage of the reprogrammability of the CNT/EVA actuator and reversible shift between the different shapes, different biomimetic locomotions (sample actuator, gripper, and walking robot) are demonstrated without any additional mechanical components. A scheme combining the electrical properties and the shape-memory effect provides a versatile strategy to fabricate low-voltage-actuated polymeric actuators, providing inspiration in the development of electrical soft actuators and biomimetic devices.

4.
Nanomicro Lett ; 13(1): 162, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338928

RESUMO

HIGHLIGHTS: The cationic waterborne polyurethanes microspheres with Diels-Alder bonds were synthesized for the first time. The electrostatic attraction not only endows the composite with segregated structure to gain high electromagnetic-interference shielding effectiveness, but also greatly enhances mechanical properties. Efficient healing property was realized under heating environment. It is still challenging for conductive polymer composite-based electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials to achieve long-term stability while maintaining high EMI shielding effectiveness (EMI SE), especially undergoing external mechanical stimuli, such as scratches or large deformations. Herein, an electrostatic assembly strategy is adopted to design a healable and segregated carbon nanotube (CNT)/graphene oxide (GO)/polyurethane (PU) composite with excellent and reliable EMI SE, even bearing complex mechanical condition. The negatively charged CNT/GO hybrid is facilely adsorbed on the surface of positively charged PU microsphere to motivate formation of segregated conductive networks in CNT/GO/PU composite, establishing a high EMI SE of 52.7 dB at only 10 wt% CNT/GO loading. The Diels-Alder bonds in PU microsphere endow the CNT/GO/PU composite suffering three cutting/healing cycles with EMI SE retention up to 90%. Additionally, the electrostatic attraction between CNT/GO hybrid and PU microsphere helps to strong interfacial bonding in the composite, resulting in high tensile strength of 43.1 MPa and elongation at break of 626%. The healing efficiency of elongation at break achieves 95% when the composite endured three cutting/healing cycles. This work demonstrates a novel strategy for developing segregated EMI shielding composite with healable features and excellent mechanical performance and shows great potential in the durable and high precision electrical instruments.

5.
Acta Biomater ; 134: 302-312, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311104

RESUMO

Oxidative stability of radiation crosslinked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) artificial joints is significantly improved by vitamin E (VE), but there is a dilemma that VE hinders crosslinking and thus jeopardizes the wear of UHMWPE. In this effort, we proposed an efficient strategy to stabilize UHMWPE under limited antioxidant contents, where VE and D-sorbitol (DS) were used as the primary antioxidant and the secondary antioxidant respectively. For non-irradiated blends with fixed antioxidant contents, oxidative stability accessed by oxidation induction time (OIT) of VE/DS/UHMWPE blends was superior to that of VE/UHMWPE blends, while DS/UHMWPE blends showed no increase in OIT. The cooperation between DS and VE exhibited a synergistic effect on enhancing the oxidative stability of UHMWPE. Interestingly, the irradiated VE/DS/UHMWPE blends showed comparable OIT but a significantly higher crosslink density than the irradiated VE/UHMWPE blends. The crystallinity, melting point, and in vitro biocompatibility of the blends were not affected by VE and DS. The quantitative relationships of mechanical properties, oxidation stability, crystallinity and crosslink density were established to unveil the correlation of these key factors. The overall properties of VE/UHMWPE and VE/DS/UHMWPE blends were compared to elucidate the superiority of the antioxidant compounding strategy. These findings provide a paradigm to break the trade-off between oxidative stability, crosslink density and mechanical properties, which is constructive to develop UHMWPE bearings with upgraded performance for total joint replacements. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: VE-stabilized UHMWPE is the most commonly used material in total joint replacements at present. However, oxidation and wear resistance of VE/UHMWPE implants cannot be unified since VE reduces the efficiency of radiation crosslinking. It limits the use of VE. Herein, we proposed a compounding stabilization by the synergy between VE and DS. The antioxidation capability of VE was revived by DS, thus enhancing the oxidation stability of unirradiated UHMWPE. The irradiated VE/DS/UHMWPE exhibited similar oxidation stability but higher crosslink density than irradiated VE/UHMWPE, which is beneficial to combat wear of UHMWPE and to inhibit the occurrence of osteolysis. This synergistic antioxidation strategy endows the UHMWPE joint material with good overall performance, which is of clinical significance.


Assuntos
Polietilenos , Vitamina E , Teste de Materiais , Peso Molecular , Sorbitol , Vitamina E/farmacologia
6.
Appl Opt ; 60(14): 4191-4196, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983174

RESUMO

By analyzing the process of time delay integration dynamic imaging, we establish a model of velocity mismatch. Based on this model, we analyze the influence of different factors on the dynamic imaging process, and a modulation transfer function (MTF) is used to evaluate imaging quality. According to the simulation, the velocity mismatch and scan stage are the main factors for image quality. The MTF of the image sensor decreases with the velocity mismatch, and the scan stage increases. In addition, an image with higher contrast can be obtained in a short integration time. However, a shorter integration time leads to insufficient sampling. Furthermore, we establish a dynamic MTF testing system, and evaluate the experiment at different imaging modes. Through data comparison, the experimental data are consistent with theoretical data.

7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 124: 112040, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947540

RESUMO

To avoid catastrophic bacterial infection in prosthesis failure, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), a common bearing material of artificial joints, has been formulated with antibiotics to eliminate bacteria locally at the implant site. However, the pressing issues regarding cytotoxic effects and evolution of drug resistant bacteria necessitates the development of bio-friendly bacteriostat with long bacteriostatic efficacy. Herein, tea polyphenol extracted from nature source was introduced in UHMWPE as a biogenic antimicrobial. Controlled antimicrobial activity was achieved by chemical crosslinking to regulate the release of the tea polyphenol. In addition, the crosslinking efficiency of UHMWPE blends with high loaded tea polyphenol was significantly improved in comparison to radiation crosslinking. The immobilized tea polyphenols also enhanced the oxidation stability of the UHMWPE, which is essential to prolong the service life in vivo and the storage time in vitro. The blends presented good biocompatibility, despite cell repellent on the highly crosslinked surface. Chemically crosslinked tea polyphenol/UHMWPE exhibited feasible properties for total joint implants, which is promising for clinical application.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição , Polifenóis , Teste de Materiais , Peso Molecular , Polietilenos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Chá , Tiram
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 25325-25333, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009940

RESUMO

Innovations of transistors toward miniaturization and integration aggravate heat accumulation of central processing units (CPUs). Thermal interface materials (TIMs) are critical to remove the generated heat and to guarantee the device reliability. Herein, maltose-assisted mechanochemical exfoliation was proposed to prepare maltose-g-graphene as a structural motif of TIMs. Then, maltose-g-graphene/gelatin composite films with a bilayer structure were prepared by two-step vacuum filtration to construct effective thermally conductive pathways consisting of the directionally arranged and tightly packed maltose-g-graphene. The bilayer composite film exhibited a remarkable in-plane thermal conductivity (30.8 W m-1 K-1) and strong anisotropic ratio (∼8325%) at 40 wt % maltose-g-graphene addition. More intriguingly, the cooling effect on CPUs was significantly better for the bilayer composite films than commercial thermal pads as TIMs. The outstanding thermally conductive stability in resistance to instantaneous and prolonged thermal shocks as well as fatigue stability was gathered. Our work offers a valuable reference to design and fabricate high-performance TIMs for CPU cooling to surmount harsh application scenarios.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(16): 19301-19311, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856189

RESUMO

Space cooling and heating consume a large proportion of global energy, so passive thermal management materials (i.e., without energy input), especially dual-mode materials including cooling and heating bifunctions, are becoming more and more attractive in many areas. Herein, a function-switchable Janus membrane between cooling and heating consisting of a multilayer structure of polyvinylidene fluoride nanofiber/zinc oxide nanosheet/carbon nanotube/Ag nanowire/polydimethylsiloxane was fabricated for comprehensive thermal management applications. In the cooling mode, the high thermal radiation emissivity (89.2%) and sunlight reflectivity (90.6%) of the Janus membrane resulted in huge temperature drops of 8.2-12.6, 9.0-14.0, and 10.9 °C for a substrate, a closed space, and a semiclosed space, respectively. When switching to the heating mode, temperature rises of 3.8-4.6, 4.0-4.8, and 12.5 °C for the substrate, closed space, and semiclosed space, respectively, were achieved owing to the high thermal radiation reflectivity (89.5%) and sunlight absorptivity (74.1%) of the membrane. Besides, the Janus membrane has outstanding comprehensive properties of the membrane, including infrared camouflaging/disguising, electromagnetic shielding (53.1 dB), solvent tolerance, waterproof properties, and high flexibility, which endow the membrane with promising application prospects.

10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 675, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514696

RESUMO

Piezoelectric polymers hold great potential for various electromechanical applications, but only show low performance, with |d33 | < 30 pC/N. We prepare a highly piezoelectric polymer (d33 = -62 pC/N) based on a biaxially oriented poly(vinylidene fluoride) (BOPVDF, crystallinity = 0.52). After unidirectional poling, macroscopically aligned samples with pure ß crystals are achieved, which show a high spontaneous polarization (Ps) of 140 mC/m2. Given the theoretical limit of Ps,ß = 188 mC/m2 for the neat ß crystal, the high Ps cannot be explained by the crystalline-amorphous two-phase model (i.e., Ps,ß = 270 mC/m2). Instead, we deduce that a significant amount (at least 0.25) of an oriented amorphous fraction (OAF) must be present between these two phases. Experimental data suggest that the mobile OAF resulted in the negative and high d33 for the poled BOPVDF. The plausibility of this conclusion is supported by molecular dynamics simulations.

11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 118: 111457, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255042

RESUMO

Topographical structures and bioactive surface coatings are effective in improving the biological function for bone regeneration. However, the simultaneous introduction of these benefits into three-dimensional (3D) porous scaffolds poses a daunting challenge. In this study, we proposed a simple yet effective approach to decorate 3D-printed polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds with chemically modified nanotopographical patterns. The nanotopography was produced by etching the amorphous phase of PLA in an alcohol/alkali solution to expose dense lamellae. Subsequently, conformal decoration of polydopamine (PDA) was realized via self-assembly of catecholamines without changing the surface nanotopography. In vitro cell experiments including live and dead staining, cell morphology, cell growth, and alkaline phosphatase showed that the combination of nanotopography and PDA-coating led to a favorable enhancement of osteoblasts adhesion, spread and proliferation in 3D-printed scaffolds. The contribution of integrated patterns to bone regeneration was evaluated using a rat femur critical-sized defect model in vivo. Micro-CT evaluation and histological analysis demonstrated that the scaffold decorated with integrated pattens promoted osteogenesis more than the bare scaffolds and the scaffolds decorated with only nanotopography. Our proposed approach offers a promising method for improving bioactivity of 3D polymer scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Regeneração Óssea , Osteogênese , Poliésteres , Impressão Tridimensional , Ratos
12.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(1): 373-381, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351587

RESUMO

Highly crosslinked ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) bearings are wear-resistant to reduce aseptic loosening but are susceptible to oxidize in vivo/in vitro, as reported in clinical studies. Despite widespread acceptance of antioxidants in preventing oxidation, the crosslinking efficiency of UHMWPE is severely impacted by antioxidants, the use of which was trapped in a trace amount. Herein, we proposed a new strategy of polyphenol-assisted chemical crosslinking to facilitate the formation of a crosslinking network in high-loaded tea polyphenol/UHMWPE blends. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a representative of tea polyphenol, was mixed with UHMWPE and peroxide. Multiple reactive phenolic hydroxyl groups of tea polyphenol coupled with the nearby free radicals to form extra crosslinking sites. The crosslinking efficiency was remarkably enhanced with increasing tea polyphenol content, even at a concentration of 8 wt %. Given by the hydrogen donation principle, the high-loaded tea polyphenol also enhanced the oxidation stability of the crosslinked UHMWPE. The antioxidative performance was preserved even after tea polyphenol elution. Moreover, superior antibacterial performance was achieved by the in situ tea polyphenol release from the interconnected pathways in the present design. The strategy of polyphenol-assisted chemical crosslinking is applicable for producing highly crosslinked, antioxidative, and antibacterial UHMWPE, which has promising prospects in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Artroplastia de Substituição , Antibacterianos , Polietilenos , Polifenóis , Vitamina E
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(47): 53230-53238, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179903

RESUMO

Conductive textiles (CTs) are promising electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials. Nevertheless, limited stretchability and poor reliability restrict their potential applications in stretchable electronic devices because of the rigid conductive networks. Herein, a highly stretchable and reliable CT is developed for effective EMI shielding by designing a deformable liquid-metal (LM) coating and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) protective layer. The resultant PDMS-LM/Textile exhibits an outstanding EMI shielding efficiency (EMI SE) of 72.6 dB at a thickness of only 0.35 mm while maintaining EMI SEs of 66.0 and 52.4 dB under strains of 30 and 50%, respectively. The corresponding EMI SEs hold 91.7 and 80.3% retention after 5000 stretching-releasing cycles, respectively. The superior and durable EMI SE should be ascribed to the perfect connectivity and good deformability of conductive LM networks. Moreover, the LM coating has a robust fastness to the textile substrate, without any obvious decrease in EMI SE after 10 min of ultrasonic treatment and 100 peeling cycles because of the protective effect of the PDMS layer. This work provides a novel route to developing highly stretchable CTs for advanced EMI shielding applications, especially in the field of highly stretchable electronic devices.

14.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(45): 10428-10438, 2020 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112351

RESUMO

Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the main causes for the failure of joint arthroplasty. In view of the limited clinical effect of oral/injectable antibiotics and the drug resistance problem, there is a pressing need to develop antibacterial implants with therapeutic antimicrobial properties. In this work, we prepared a highly antibacterial ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) implant by incorporating tea polyphenols. The presence of tea polyphenols not only improved the oxidation stability of irradiated UHMWPE, but also gave it the desirable antibacterial property. The potent antibacterial activity was attributed to the tea polyphenols that produced excess intracellular reactive oxygen species and destroyed the bacterial membrane structure. The tea polyphenol-blended UHMWPE had no biological toxicity to human adipose-derived stem cells and effectively reduced bacteria-induced inflammation in vivo. These results indicate that tea polyphenol-blended UHMWPE is promising for joint replacement prostheses with multifunctionality to meet patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Prótese Articular , Polietilenos/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Substituição/efeitos adversos , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/etiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Prótese Articular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Articular/microbiologia , Masculino , Polietilenos/uso terapêutico , Polifenóis/uso terapêutico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Chá/química
15.
Biomaterials ; 262: 120336, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920428

RESUMO

Hydration lubrication is the key responsible for the exceptionally low boundary friction between biosurfaces. However, it is a challenge to settle a hydration layer on a polymer surface via a noncovalent manner. Herein, we develop a highly lubricated coating absorbed onto the polymer surface via intermolecular association of hyaluronic acid (HA)-based micelles. A poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer (Pluronic, F127) is recruited to complex with HA and further self-assembled to form a thick micelle layer. High water-retaining capacity of the HA/F127 coating enables the decorated surface with excellent hydrophilicity and boundary lubrication, where the coefficient of friction in aqueous media is reduced by 60% compared with the bare polymer surface. The HA/F127 coating suppresses nonspecific protein adsorption and exhibits good biocompatibility. More remarkably, an in vivo cynomolgus monkey model, demonstrates the utility of the HA/F127 coating in alleviating or preventing complications of endotracheal intubation, such as foreign irritation, airway mucosal damage, and inflammatory response. This cost-effective and scalable approach is suitable to manufacture interventional devices especially disposable medical devices with highly lubricated surface.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico , Polímeros , Animais , Intubação Intratraqueal , Lubrificação , Macaca fascicularis , Água
16.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 498, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410989

RESUMO

Human serum albumin (HSA) is an important component of plasma, which has the functions of maintaining colloid osmotic pressure and capillary membrane stability, promoting blood circulation, and anti-oxidation. Three-dimensional structure of HSA determines its ability to bind and transport hormones and other substances. In this study we examined the interactions between HSA and ginsenoside Rg3, Rg5, Rk1, Rh2, and Rh4, which are the main cytotoxic ginsenosides extracted from red ginseng. Heat transfer generated by the specific interaction between HSA and each ginsenoside was measured using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) assay, which demonstrated that all these 5 ginsenosides bound to HSA with binding constants of 3.25, 1.89, 6.04, 2.07, and 5.17 × 105 M-1, respectively. Molecular docking also displayed that these ginsenosides interact with HSA at different sites of the HSA surface. Importantly, cell viability assay showed that the cytotoxicity of these ginsenosides reduced significantly at the presence of HSA in human vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC). Taken together, this study reveals the mechanism by which these ginsenosides are transported in vivo by not causing damage in vascular endothelium, and also suggests HSA might be an ideal carrier help to transport and execute these ginsenoside functions in human body.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(16): 18840-18849, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223261

RESUMO

Developing high-performance electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials with high absorption coefficient is highly desired for eliminating the secondary pollution of reflected electromagnetic wave (EMW). Nevertheless, it has long been a daunting challenge to achieve high shielding effectiveness (SE) and ultralow or no reflection SE simultaneously. Herein, highly porous and conductive carbon nanotube (CNT)-based carbon aerogel with a meticulously designed hierarchically porous structure from micro and sub-micro to nano levels is developed by specific two-stage pyrolysis and potassium hydroxide activation processes. The resultant activated cellulose-derived carbon aerogels (a-CCAs) exhibit an ultrahigh EMI SE of 96.4 dB in the frequency range of 8.2-12.4 GHz in conjunction with an exceptionally high absorption coefficient of 0.79 at a low density of 30.5 mg cm-3. The successful construction of hierarchically porous structure is responsible for the excellent "structurally absorbing" ability of a-CCAs, and the introduction of CNT-based heterogeneous conductive network can effectively dissipate the incident EMWs by interfacial polarization and microcurrent losses. Moreover, the as-prepared a-CCAs have a water contact angle of as high as 158.3°and a sliding angle of as low as 5.3°, revealing their superhydrophobic feature. The ingenious structure design proposed here provides a possible pathway to overcome the conflict between high EMI shielding performance and ultralow or no secondary reflection, and the as-prepared a-CCAs are exceedingly promising in the application of telecommunication, microelectronics, and spacecraft.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(7): 8704-8712, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971778

RESUMO

Excellent electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding ability, light weight, and good heat resistance are highly required for practical applications of EMI shielding materials, such as in areas of aerospace, aircraft, and automobiles. Herein, a lightweight and robust carbon nanotube (CNT)/polyimide (PI) foam was developed for efficient and heat-resistant EMI shielding. Thanks to poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) as a surfactant that not only promotes the uniform dispersion of CNTs to form perfect CNT conductive networks but also can be removed in situ during the polymerization process, the density of resultant CNT/PI foam is only 32.1 mg·cm-3, and the EMI shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) is up to 41.1 dB, which represents one of the highest EMI SE values compared to previously reported polymer-based foams. The CNT/PI foam also achieves the absorption coefficient (A) of up to 82.3%, which is very impressive in CNT/polymer foams at comparable EMI SE levels. The PI matrix endows the foam with excellent heat resistance. The as-prepared CNT/PI foam presents a higher EMI SE than 35 dB even after being subjected to the flame of an alcohol burner. Moreover, the compressive strength and compressive modulus are up to 240.9 and 323.9 kPa. These results indicate its certain application potential in the harsh requirement of aeronautics and aerospace industries as a highly efficient and lightweight EMI shielding material.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(46): 42956-42963, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661240

RESUMO

Surface nanotopography provides a physical stimulus to direct cell fate, especially in the case of osteogenic differentiation. However, fabrication of nanopatterns usually suffers from complex procedures. Herein, a feasible and versatile method was presented to create unique nanosheets on a poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) substrate via surface epitaxial crystallization. The thickness, periodic distance, and root-mean-square nanoroughness of surface nanosheets were tunable by simply altering the PCL concentration in the growth solution. Epitaxial nanosheets possessed an identical composition as the substrate, being a prerequisite to revealing the independent effect of biophysical linkage on the osteogenic mechanism of the patterned surface. Preosteoblasts' response to the epitaxial nanosheets was examined in the aspect of preosteoblast proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. The expression of alkaline phosphatase, collagen type I, osteopontin, and osteocalcin as well as mineralization was significantly promoted by the epitaxial nanosheets. Acceleration of osteogenic differentiation was attributed to activating the TAZ/RUNX2 signaling pathway. The findings demonstrate that surface epitaxial crystallization is a feasible approach to design and construct nanotopography for bone tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Nanoestruturas/química , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Poliésteres/química , Animais , Antígenos de Diferenciação/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/citologia , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 37094-37102, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512856

RESUMO

Flexible strain sensors based on elastomeric conductive polymer composites (ECPCs) play an important role in wearable sensing electronics. However, the achievement of good conjunction between broad detection range and high sensitivity is still challenging. Herein, a highly stretchable and sensitive strain sensor was developed with the formation of porous segregated conductive network in the carbon nanotube/thermoplastic polyurethane composite via a facile and nontoxic compression-molding plus salt-leaching method. The strain sensor with porous segregated conductive network exhibited perfect combination of ultrawide sensing range (800% strain), large sensitivity (gauge factor of 356.4), short response time (180 ms) and recovery time (180 ms), as well as superior stability and durability. The integrated porous structure intensifies the deformation of segregated conductive network when tension strain is applied, which benefits enhancement of the sensitivity. Our sensor could monitor not only subtle oscillation and physiological signals but also energetic human motions efficiently, revealing promising potential applications in wearable motion monitoring systems. This work provides a unique and effective strategy for realizing ECPCs based strain sensors with excellent comprehensive sensing performances.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...