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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 153028, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026244

RESUMO

Euhalophytes are not naturally distributed in non-saline areas. However, the reason for this is unclear. Seed germination, seedling emergence and plant tolerance to salt were evaluated in the euhalophyte Suaeda glauca. One population occurs in saline soils (SS), and another has been cultivated in non-saline soils (NSS) for more than 20 years. A total of 500 mM NaCl had a greater adverse effect on seed germination and seedling emergence of brown seeds in S. glauca from NSS compared with those from SS. The seedlings grown from brown seeds collected from NSS were uniform and dwarf, but this was not the case for the seedlings from SS. The salt tolerance of seedlings from NSS did not significantly differ from those from SS, as judged by such factors as the shoot dry weight and contents of leaf Na+ and K+. The concentrations of phytohormones, such as abscisic acid, methyl jasmonate, gibberellin 3 and 4, zeatin riboside, brassinolide, indole acetic acid, and indole-3-propionic acid, in the leaves of seedlings from NSS were generally lower than those from SS under different concentrations of NaCl. In conclusion, salts are not strictly required for the growth of S. glauca. The reason why typical euhalophytes, such as S. glauca, are not found in non-saline areas is probably because the seedlings grown in NSS become dwarf and uniform, thus, weakening their ability to compete with glycophytes in non-saline habitats.

2.
Stat Med ; 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35072291

RESUMO

In many biomedical problems, data are often heterogeneous, with samples spanning multiple patient subgroups, where different subgroups may have different disease subtypes, stages, or other medical contexts. These subgroups may be related, but they are also expected to have differences with respect to the underlying biology. The heterogeneous data presents a precious opportunity to explore the heterogeneities and commonalities between related subgroups. Unfortunately, effective statistical analysis methods are still lacking. Recently, several novel methods based on integrative analysis have been proposed to tackle this challenging problem. Despite promising results, the existing studies are still limited by ignoring data contamination and making strict assumptions of linear effects of covariates on response. As such, we develop a robust nonparametric integrative analysis approach to identify heterogeneity and commonality, as well as select important covariates and estimate covariate effects. Possible data contamination is accommodated by adopting the Cauchy loss function, and a nonparametric model is built to accommodate nonlinear effects. The proposed approach is based on a sparse boosting technique. The advantages of the proposed approach are demonstrated in extensive simulations. The analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data on glioblastoma multiforme and lung adenocarcinoma shows that the proposed approach makes biologically meaningful findings with satisfactory prediction.

3.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35065810

RESUMO

Generating feasible solution and selecting valuable solution are the most important issues when dealing with complicated multi-objective problems. Focusing on these issues, the mechanism of multi-objective problem is analyzed by evolutionary history and environmental information. Hierarchical decision based on rank fitness of distance correlation is proposed to guide the evolutionary operator. Heuristic learning by dynamic evolutionary is introduced to deal with static optimization problem. History information acquired from solution landscape is used to achieve a comprehensive search on feasible region. Based on these improvement, multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on hierarchical decision, heuristic learning and historical environment (MOEA3H) is proposed. The proposed algorithm performs best on 10 and 14 of 19 test problems on IGD and Hvpervolume, respectively.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 819: 153059, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031373

RESUMO

Accurate and timely acquisition of plant diversity information downstream of the reservoir is helpful to understand the impact mechanism of reservoir operation on wetland plant diversity and formulate reasonable water and sediment regulation strategies. In this study, we conducted field surveys in two communities (Phragmites australis and Tamarix chinensis) at a typical wetland in the lower reaches of Xiaolangdi Reservoir on the Yellow River, and employed UAV and Gaofen 1B multispectral images to estimate the wetland plant diversity. Results showed that most diversity indexes had a higher correlation with the mean of spectral vegetation indexes (DVI, RVI, NDVI, SAVI, and MSAVI). The diversity indexes (C_SP and C_SW) constructed by relative coverage had a better overall correlation with spectral indexes. Interestingly, opposite correlations were found between Tamarix chinensis and Phragmites australis plots. We further gave a deep insight into the interspecific associations in Phragmites australis and Tamarix chinensis plots with the variance ratio (VR) method. It was found that plant species in Tamarix chinensis plot showed positive association (VR > 1), with a VR value of 1.095. Plant species in Phragmites australis plot had a negative association (VR < 1), with a VR value of 0.983. In Phragmites australis plot, C_SP and C_SW showed a significant decreasing trend (r2 of 0.36 and 0.33 respectively, and P values less than 0.001) with the increase of Phragmites australis coverage. Moreover, the effect of spatial resolution was not significant on plant diversity estimation. Correlations between remote sensing indexes and diversity indexes were improved with the quadrat size changing from 2 m × 2 m to 4 m × 4 m. These findings demonstrate promising approaches for remote sensing of wetland plant diversity and indicate that the type of wetland plant community determines the relationship between diversity index and spectral index.

5.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 209(Pt 2): 112161, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700114

RESUMO

The dynamic interactions between drug carrier molecules and a cell membrane can not be ignored in their clinical use. Here a simple, label-free and non-invasive approach, photo-voltage transient method, combined with the atomic force microscopy, dynamic giant unilamellar vesicle leakage assay and cytotoxicity method, was employed for a real-time monitoring of the interaction process. Two representative polymer molecules, polyoxyethylene (35) lauryl ether (Brij35) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPk30), were taken as examples to interact with a phospholipid bilayer membrane in a low ionic strength and neutral pH condition. Brij35 demonstrated an adsorption-accumulation-permeabilization dominated process under the modulation of polymer concentration in the solution. In contrast, PVPk30 performed a dynamic balance between adsorption-desorption of the molecules and/or permeabilization-resealing of the membrane. Such difference explains the high and low cytotoxicity of them, respectively, in the living cell tests. Briefly, through combining the photo-voltage approach with conventional fluorescent microscopy method, this work demonstrates new ideas on the time and membrane actions of polymer surfactants which should be taken into account for their biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeos , Polímeros , Adsorção , Portadores de Fármacos , Tensoativos
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 13-22, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303922

RESUMO

Using previous models and theories to construct and develop high-efficient microwave absorbers (MAs) should be a strategic and effective ways to optimize the electromagnetic wave attenuation. Herein, the ultralow density and flexible graphene oxide foam (GOF) and reduced graphene oxide foam (RGOF)/MoS2 nanosheets were designed and fabricated by the method of chemical vapor deposition and hydrothermal reaction. The obtained GOF and RGOF/MoS2 samples exhibited very excellent microwave absorption properties while their densities were merely 0.0082 and 0.0084 g•cm-3, respectively. More importantly, benefiting from the excellent synergistic effect between RGOF and MoS2, the designed RGOF/MoS2 well inherited the combined advantages of GOF and MoS2 in terms of strong absorption abilities, broad absorption bandwidth and thin matching thicknesses. The values of minimum reflection loss and effective frequency bandwidth for RGOF/MoS2 sample could reach up to -62.92 dB with the matching thickness of 2.27 mm and 4.48 GHz with the matching thickness of 2.12 mm, which were very desirable for high-performance MAs. Moreover, the obtained results indicated that the microwave absorption properties of RGOF/MoS2 sample could be further optimized by regulating the MoS2 content. Therefore, a new and effective strategy was proposed to develop high efficiency MAs with ultra-lightweight, wide-band, thin thickness and strong absorption capabilities.

7.
Environ Res ; : 112572, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921826

RESUMO

County rural sewage geographic information system, is the use of geographic information technology and computer graphics, digital storage and management of sewage treatment facilities, the sewage treatment plant equipment management, water purification and sewage network and its surrounding corresponding facilities location information and physical attributes of the two combined, according to the needs of users, the sewage treatment process required data in the form of graphics and text to show to According to the user's needs, the data required in the process of sewage treatment is displayed to the user in a graphic way, so as to meet the needs of government departments for comprehensive control of the operation and maintenance management of sewage treatment facilities. Solve the problem of slow update of basic data in sewage treatment projects and ambiguous presentation of water quality monitoring data caused by paper records. The system uses Web-GIS technology, combined with NET development platform, using MVC model design and implementation. The front-end Bootstrap framework for interface optimization display, the back-end ORM framework to provide persistence classes and database tables between the mapping relationship, convenient to complete the migration of the database. The system function design uses the visualization and analysis function of GIS to manage the wastewater treatment facilities and the wastewater purification process for real-time operation and maintenance supervision, and uses the three-dimensional engine to visualize and display the study of the wastewater pipe network on the Web side. Mainly divided into the following modules: water quality parameters supervision module, mainly real-time monitoring of the sewage treatment process, the parameters are in line with the sewage purification indicators, to play a monitoring and early warning role; equipment operation and maintenance module, mainly for the sewage treatment facilities for fault detection and maintenance of property information; statistical analysis module, the water quality information of different sewage treatment plants for horizontal and vertical comparison and analysis, to improve the sewage treatment The statistical analysis module, which provides data for improving the sewage treatment process; and the 3D pipe network visualization module, which uses virtual reality technology to visualize the sewage pipe network on the Web side to make up for the lack of information on the pipe network in the third dimension.

8.
ACS Nano ; 15(12): 19513-19521, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894654

RESUMO

Recently, two-dimensional magnetic material has attracted attention worldwide due to its potential application in magnetic memory devices. The previous concept of domain walls driven by current pulses is a disordered motion. Further investigation of the mechanism is urgently lacking. Here, Fe3GeTe2, a typical high-Curie temperature (TC) two-dimensional magnetic material, is chosen to explore the magnetic domain dynamics by in situ Lorentz transmission electron microscopy experiments. It has been found that the stripe domain could be driven, compressed, and expanded by the pulses with a critical current density. Revealed by micromagnetic simulations, all the domain walls cannot move synchronously due to the competition between demagnetization energy and spin-transfer torque effect. In consideration of the reflection of high-frequency pulses, the disordered motion could be well explained together. The multiple stable states of the magnetic structure due to the weak exchange interaction in a two-dimensional magnet provides complex dynamic processes. Based on plenty of experiments, a cluster of domain walls could be more steady and move more synchronously under the drive of pulse current. The complication of domain wall motions presents a challenge in race track memory devices and two-dimensional magnetic material will be a better choice for application research.

9.
Biomaterials ; 279: 121223, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736149

RESUMO

Harnessing developmental processes for tissue engineering represents a promising yet challenging approach to regenerative medicine. Tooth avulsion is among the most serious traumatic dental injuries, whereas functional tooth regeneration remains uncertain. Here, we established a strategy using decellularized tooth matrix (DTM) combined with human dental pulp stem cell (hDPSC) aggregates to simulate an odontogenesis-related developmental microenvironment. The bioengineered teeth reconstructed by this strategy regenerated three-dimensional pulp and periodontal tissues equipped with vasculature and innervation in a preclinical pig model after implantation into the alveolar bone. These results prompted us to enroll 15 patients with avulsed teeth after traumatic dental injuries in a pilot clinical trial. At 12 months after implantation, bioengineered teeth led to the regeneration of functional teeth, which supported continued root development, in humans. Mechanistically, exosomes derived from hDPSC aggregates mediated the tooth regeneration process by upregulating the odontogenic and angiogenic ability of hDPSCs. Our findings suggest that odontogenic microenvironment engineering by DTM and stem cell aggregates initiates functional tooth regeneration and serves as an effective treatment for tooth avulsion.

10.
Chemosphere ; : 132937, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798106

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid insecticides can selectively interact with the unique nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes in insects and are considered to be low toxic to mammals. However, there is still insufficient knowledge on human exposure to neonicotinoid insecticides, especially for children. This study aimed to investigate urinary concentrations and profiles of neonicotinoid insecticides in South China children and to analyze potential influencing factors. Six neonicotinoid insecticides, including imidacloprid (IMI), thiamethoxam (THM), acetamiprid (ACE), clothianidin (CLO), thiacloprid (THD) and dinotefuran (DIN), exhibited high detection frequencies (>90%) in urine samples collected from 305 children, suggesting broad exposure in South China children. The median concentrations were determined to be 0.13, 0.21, 0.01, 0.19, 0.002 and 1.64 µg/L, respectively. Among the target neonicotinoids, urinary concentrations of CLO and THM exhibited a significant and positive correlation between each other (p < 0.05), suggesting similar sources of these two chemicals.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6580, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772912

RESUMO

Superconductor-ferromagnet interfaces in two-dimensional heterostructures present a unique opportunity to study the interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism. The realization of such nanoscale heterostructures in van der Waals (vdW) crystals remains largely unexplored due to the challenge of making atomically-sharp interfaces from their layered structures. Here, we build a vdW ferromagnetic Josephson junction (JJ) by inserting a few-layer ferromagnetic insulator Cr2Ge2Te6 into two layers of superconductor NbSe2. The critical current and corresponding junction resistance exhibit a hysteretic and oscillatory behavior against in-plane magnetic fields, manifesting itself as a strong Josephson coupling state. Also, we observe a central minimum of critical current in some JJ devices as well as a nontrivial phase shift in SQUID structures, evidencing the coexistence of 0 and π phase in the junction region. Our study paves the way to exploring sensitive probes of weak magnetism and multifunctional building-blocks for phase-related superconducting circuits using vdW heterostructures.

12.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 981-988, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health safety concern among youth. Childhood emotional abuse is one of the most widely recognized risk factors for suicidal behaviors. However, little is known about the role of sleep problems and emotion dysregulation in this relationship. METHODS: This study is part of a large-scale health-related cohort among Chinese college students. A total of 7434 participants who completed the first three waves of data collection were used for data analysis. All participants completed questionnaires regarding childhood emotional abuse (Wave 1), sleep problems and emotional dysregulation (Wave 2), and suicidal behaviors (Wave 3). Mediation analyses with bootstrapping were conducted to investigate the mediating role of sleep problems and emotional dysregulation in the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and suicidal behaviors. RESULTS: The results showed that the prevalence of childhood emotional abuse and suicidal behaviors were 8.7% and 5.9%, respectively. Findings from mediation analysis showed that sleep problems and emotional dysregulation served both parallel and sequential mediating roles in the relationship between childhood emotional abuse and suicidal behaviors. LIMITATIONS: All measures were based on self-report instead of objective assessments or clinical diagnostic evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological interventions aimed at developing healthy sleep habits and emotion regulation skills may be helpful in decreasing the risk of suicidal behaviors, especially for suicide ideators with childhood emotional abuse.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Abuso Emocional , Emoções , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
13.
Environ Res ; : 112189, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627801

RESUMO

Effluents of textile industries caused serious environmental problem throughout the world. In this study, a total of 23 bacterial strains from five bacterial species were isolated from the dye effluent. Of these strains, a unique and novel Enterobacter aerogenes ES014 was utilized for dye decolourization and toxicity analysis. The selected strain could effectively decolourize three selected azo dyes. It showed the capability for decolourizing acid orange (82.3 ± 3.6%), methyl orange (78.2 ± 3.3%), and congo red (81.5 ± 3.2%). The selected bacterial strain significantly decolourized 100 mg/L acid orange at 35 °C, pH 7.5 with 6% sodium chloride concentration. Most of the tested nitrogen and carbon sources effectively enhanced decolourization process. It showed the ability to decolourize acid orange in the culture medium containing 1.5% glucose (100 ± 2.8%) and 0.8% beef extract (100 ± 3.1%). A laboratory-scale batch bioreactor was used to decolourize azo dye at optimized culture conditions. The decolourizing ability improved with 100 mL/h hydraulic retention time. The treated wastewater quality was improved due to sharp depletion of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), pH, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), alkalinity and sulphate concentration. The selected bacteria has the potential to produce dye degrading laccase. Laccase was detected during fermentation process in batch bioreactor as a key enzyme for decolourization produced by E. aerogenes ES014. Phytotoxicity and acute toxicity analysis were performed using Arachis hypogaea (pea nut) seed and first instar larvae of Artemia parthenogenetica (brine shrimp). The seed germination rate of treated wastewater was improved (94.3 ± 1.8%) and enhanced survival rate (91.7 ± 2.9%) in the first instar Artemia larvae treated with wastewater after 24 h. Overall, E. aerogenes ES014, might be a promising bacterial strain for the treatment of textile effluents with high azo dye concentrations.

14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684986

RESUMO

Dielectric materials with excellent thermally conductive and mechanical properties can enable disruptive performance enhancement in the areas of advanced electronics and high-power devices. However, simultaneously achieving high thermal conductivity and mechanical strength for a single material remains a challenge. Herein, we report a new strategy for preparing mechanically strong and thermally conductive composite films by combining aramid nanofibers (ANFs) with graphene oxide (GO) and edge-hydroxylated boron nitride nanosheet (BNNS-OH) via a vacuum-assisted filtration and hot-pressing technique. The obtained ANF/GO/BNNS film exhibits an ultrahigh in-plane thermal conductivity of 33.4 Wm-1 K-1 at the loading of 10 wt.% GO and 50 wt.% BNNS-OH, which is 2080% higher than that of pure ANF film. The exceptional thermal conductivity results from the biomimetic nacreous "brick-and-mortar" layered structure of the composite film, in which favorable contacting and overlapping between the BNNS-OH and GO is generated, resulting in tightly packed thermal conduction networks. In addition, an outstanding tensile strength of 93.3 MPa is achieved for the composite film, owing to the special biomimetic nacreous structure as well as the strong π-π interactions and extensive hydrogen bonding between the GO and ANFs framework. Meanwhile, the obtained composite film displays excellent thermostability (Td = 555 °C, Tg > 400 °C) and electrical insulation (4.2 × 1014 Ω·cm). We believe that these findings shed some light on the design and fabrication of multifunctional materials for thermal management applications.

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1382, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650630

RESUMO

The present study aimed to discuss the effects and relative mechanisms of NEDD4 E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (NEDD4) in cutaneous melanoma (CMM) occurrence and development. Clinical cancer and adjacent normal tissues samples were collected to analyze pathological changes and protein expression of NEDD4. Moreover, small interfering (si)RNA was used to knockdown NEDD4 expression in SK-MEL-2 and Malme-3M cells. Cellular proliferation, apoptosis, invasiveness and migration were examined using colony formation, flow cytometric, Transwell and wound-healing assays, respectively. In addition, the relative mRNA and protein expression levels of NEDD4, notch receptor 1 (Notch1) and PTEN were evaluated via reverse transcription-quantitative (RT-q) PCR and western blotting. It was found that NEDD4 mRNA and protein expression were significantly upregulated (both P<0.01). Following NEDD4-knockdown, colony number was significantly decreased, while the apoptotic rate was significantly increased, the invasive cell number was significantly inhibited and the wound-healing capacity was significantly decreased. Following si-NEDD4 transfection, RT-qPCR and western blotting revealed that NEDD4 and Notch1 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly downregulated, while those of PTEN were significantly upregulated in the SK-MEL-2 and Malme-3M cell lines. Collectively, the current results suggest that NEDD4-knockdown effectively suppressed CMM biological activity by regulating the Notch1/PTEN pathway in vitro.

16.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(9): 987-992, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646417

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory disorder that can involve multiple organs. It is often challenging to distinguish IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) from cholangiocarcinoma because of overlap in their clinical findings. A 75-year-old man presented to a hospital for a detailed examination of the elevation of some biliary enzymes. Radiographic examination revealed segmental bile duct with wall thickening of the common hepatic bile duct, and dilation of the peripheral branches. Transampullary biopsy showed a non-specific inflammatory reaction with several IgG4-positive cell infiltrations. There were no signs of malignancy. The liver biopsy showed bile duct injury accompanied by IgG4-positive cell infiltration. We then performed bile duct biopsy and finally diagnosed the patient with cholangiocarcinoma. We should remember that the IgG4 reaction is neither completely sensitive nor specific for IgG4-RD and avoid resting solely on the IgG4 reaction to precisely distinguish IgG4-SC from cholangiocarcinoma.

17.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 748064, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658979

RESUMO

Previous cross-sectional studies have documented that sleep reactivity was associated with depressive symptoms, but the potential mechanisms underlying this relationship were understudied. Therefore, the present study with a longitudinal prospective design was to reveal the mediating roles of sleep disturbance and emotion regulation difficulties (ERD) between sleep reactivity and depressive symptoms. This study included 725 student nurses who were followed up periodically for 9 months, with an interval of three months. All participants completed questionnaires regarding sleep reactivity, sleep disturbance, ERD, and depressive symptoms. Adjusted analyses suggested that the direct effect of sleep reactivity on depressive symptoms was non-significant. The bootstrap procedure revealed two significant indirect effects: from sleep reactivity to depressive symptoms with sleep disturbance as a mediator and from sleep reactivity to depressive symptoms with sleep disturbance and ERD as sequential mediators. Therefore, sleep reactivity might be considered as an indicator of shiftwork adaptability in the evaluation of recruitment. Psychological interventions aimed at developing healthy sleep habits and emotion regulation skills may be helpful in decreasing the risk of depression.

18.
Oncol Lett ; 22(5): 756, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539860

RESUMO

It has been reported that ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L3 (UCHL3) plays an important role in cancer development; however, the role of UCHL3 in melanoma remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the role of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L3 (UCHL3) and determine its underlying molecular mechanisms in melanoma occurrence and development using in vitro studies. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR analysis was performed to detect UCHL3 mRNA expression. The MTT assay was performed to assess cell proliferation. Cell apoptosis was analyzed via flow cytometry and the TUNEL assay. Cell ultrastructure was observed via transmission electron microscopy. LC3B protein expression was detected via cellular immunofluorescence, while neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally downregulated protein 8 (NEDD8) and LC3 protein expression levels, and NEDD8 ubiquitination were detected via western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that transfection with small interfering (si)RNA-UCHL3 significantly suppressed cell proliferation, whereas apoptosis was significantly enhanced, as well as autophagy, autophagosome formation and LC3B protein expression. In addition, NEDD8 protein expression and autophagosome numbers significantly decreased, while the LC3II/LC3I ratio significantly increased. NEDD8 knockdown via transfection with si-NEDD8 had similar effects to si-UCHL3, as well as si-UCHL3+ si-NEDD8. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that UCHL3 knockdown decreases melanoma cell proliferation by increasing cell autophagy through regulating NEDD8 expression and autophagosome numbers.

19.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 694919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489662

RESUMO

The neural mechanisms of acupuncture are not well-understood. Over the past decades, an increasing number of studies have used MRI to investigate the response of the brain to acupuncture. The current review aims to provide an update on acupuncture therapy in disease. The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to January 31, 2021. Article selection and data extraction were conducted by two review authors. A total of 107 publications about MRI in acupuncture were included, the collective findings of which were as follows: (1) stroke and GB34 (Yanglingquan) are the most studied disease and acupoint. Related studies suggested that the mechanism of acupuncture treatment for stroke may associate with structural and functional plasticity, left and right hemispheres balance, and activation of brain areas related to movement and cognition. GB34 is mainly used in stroke and Parkinson's disease, which mainly activates brain response in the premotor cortex, the supplementary motor area, and the supramarginal gyrus; (2) resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and functional connectivity (FC) analysis are the most frequently used approaches; (3) estimates of efficacy and brain response to acupuncture depend on the type of sham acupuncture (SA) used for comparison. Brain processing after acupuncture differs between patients and health controls (HC) and occurs mainly in disorder-related areas. Factors that influence the effect of acupuncture include depth of needling, number and locations of acupoints, and deqi and expectation effect, each contributing to the brain response. While studies using MRI have increased understanding of the mechanism underlying the effects of acupuncture, there is scope for development in this field. Due to the small sample sizes, heterogeneous study designs, and analytical methods, the results were inconsistent. Further studies with larger sample sizes, careful experimental design, multimodal neuroimaging techniques, and standardized methods should be conducted to better explain the efficacy and specificity of acupuncture, and to prepare for accurate efficacy prediction in the future.

20.
J Control Release ; 338: 46-55, 2021 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391835

RESUMO

Traditional combination therapy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) is limited in the field of clinical cancer therapy due to activation by light with separate wavelengths, insufficient O2 supply, antioxidant ability of glutathione (GSH) in tumor cell, and low penetration depth of light. Here, a multifunctional nanoplatform composed of MoO3-x nanosheets, Ag nanocubes, and MnO2 nanoparticles was developed to overcome these drawbacks. For this nanoplatform, hyperthermia and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were simultaneously generated under single 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. Once this nanoplatform accumulated in the tumor region, GSH was depleted by MnO2 and intracellular H2O2 was catalyzed by MnO2 to produce O2 to relieve hypoxia. Ultrasound (US) imaging confirmed in-situ O2 generation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, photoacoustic (PA) imaging, and fluorescence imaging were used to monitor in vivo biodistribution of nanomaterials. This provides a paradigm to rationally design a single NIR laser induced multimodal imaging-guided efficient PDT/PTT cancer strategy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lasers , Compostos de Manganês , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Óxidos , Fototerapia , Distribuição Tecidual
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