Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 140
Filtrar
1.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic cognitive dysfunction (DCD) is one of the most insidious complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus, which can seriously affect the ability to self-monitoring of blood glucose and the quality of life in the elderly. Previous pathological studies of cognitive dysfunction have focused on neuronal dysfunction, characterized by extracellular beta-amyloid deposition and intracellular tau hyperphosphorylation. In recent years, astrocytes have been recognized as a potential therapeutic target for cognitive dysfunction and important participants in the central control of metabolism. The disorder of gut microbiota and their metabolites have been linked to a series of metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The imbalance of intestinal flora has the effect of promoting the occurrence and deterioration of several diabetes-related complications. Gut microbes and their metabolites can drive astrocyte activation. AIMS: We reviewed the pathological progress of DCD related to the "gut microbiota-astrocyte" axis in terms of peripheral and central inflammation, intestinal and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction, systemic and brain energy metabolism disorders to deepen the pathological research progress of DCD and explore the potential therapeutic targets. CONCLUSION: "Gut microbiota-astrocyte" axis, unique bidirectional crosstalk in the brain-gut axis, mediates the intermediate pathological process of neurocognitive dysfunction secondary to metabolic disorders in diabetes mellitus.

2.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340615, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628698

RESUMO

A novel porphyrin-based magnetic covalent organic framework (PCOF) was first reported by using a facile synthetic procedure. The Fe3O4@NH2@PCOF nanospheres were utilized to effectively extract personal care products in a wide polarity range (log Kow values from 1.96 to 7.60). The successful magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of target analytes could be ascribed to the sufficient oxygen-, nitrogen- and phenyl-containing functional groups of the COF layer, which are demonstrated to be of good compatibility with pollutants exhibiting different polarities by using molecular dynamics simulations, independent gradient model analysis and various characterizations. The MSPE extraction efficiency was enhanced by optimizing key parameters. The findings indicated that the method had a wide linearity range (1-500 ng mL-1 for parabens and UV filters) and low detection limits (0.4-0.9 ng mL-1 for parabens and 0.2-0.6 ng mL-1 for UV filters). The accuracy was reflected by recoveries ranging from 74% to 114%. Satisfactory intra- and inter-day precisions from 3.0% to 9.8% and 0.5%-9.1% were obtained. Overall, the proposed MSPE-HPLC method is accurate and reliable for identifying parabens as well as UV filters in wastewater and swimming pool water. The potential of the method for evaluating human exposure risk was unfolded.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Porfirinas , Humanos , Parabenos/análise , Magnetismo/métodos , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Limite de Detecção
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674147

RESUMO

Covalent organic framework (COF)-TpBD was grafted on the arrayed nanopores of stainless steel fiber (SSF) with (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane as the cross-linking agent. The prepared SSF bonded with COF-TpBD showed high thermal and chemical stability and excellent repeatability. The prepared SSF bonded with COF-TpBD was also used for the solid-phase microextraction (SPME) of seven kinds of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in actual water samples, followed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) determination, which exhibited low limits of detection (LODs), good relative standard deviation (RSD) and high recoveries.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanoporos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Água/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Aço Inoxidável , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695810

RESUMO

Conferring versatility to superhydrophobic materials is extremely desirable to advance their utility. Herein, we have developed a superhydrophobic material with montmorillonite as microskeleton supports and in situ grown ZIF-8 nanoparticles and loaded them with newly developed fluorescent carbon dots. In situ growth of the ZIF-8 on OMMT constructs a dense nanoscale rough structure and meanwhile self-assembly generates abundant microporous, thus forming unique hierarchical microporous/microsheet/nanoparticle tri-tier micro and nano structures. Then the multifunctional superhydrophobic coating is fabricated by a facile spraying technique using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as a multifunctional polymer binder. The PDMS/RB-CDs/ZIF-8@OMMT exhibits superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle of 164.7° and a water sliding angle of 1.4°, which also possesses good self-cleaning performance. Moreover, novel carbon dots are developed in this work which can confer unique fluorescent properties and photothermal properties to materials. Fluorescence characterization reveals the multiple emission peaks among 300-800 nm and excitation wavelength dependence and independence. Photothermal experiments unveil an efficient light-to-heat conversion caused by the light traps and absorption wavelengths associated with photothermal heating. Benefiting from the dense microporous/microsheet/nanoparticle structures, the superhydrophobicity is still maintained after 120 cycles of abrasion. Moreover, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) reveals a significant increase in impedance, which is associated with excellent corrosion resistance. The superhydrophobic coating also exhibits superior UV resistance and good thermal stability. Multifunctional fluorescent superhydrophobic materials will enable the development of various and potential applications in different fields.

5.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global surge in the omicron (B.1.1.529) variant has resulted in many individuals with hybrid immunity (immunity developed through a combination of SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination). We aimed to systematically review the magnitude and duration of the protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against infection and severe disease caused by the omicron variant. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-regression, we searched for cohort, cross-sectional, and case-control studies in MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the WHO COVID-19 database, and Europe PubMed Central from Jan 1, 2020, to June 1, 2022, using keywords related to SARS-CoV-2, reinfection, protective effectiveness, previous infection, presence of antibodies, and hybrid immunity. The main outcomes were the protective effectiveness against reinfection and against hospital admission or severe disease of hybrid immunity, hybrid immunity relative to previous infection alone, hybrid immunity relative to previous vaccination alone, and hybrid immunity relative to hybrid immunity with fewer vaccine doses. Risk of bias was assessed with the Risk of Bias In Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions Tool. We used log-odds random-effects meta-regression to estimate the magnitude of protection at 1-month intervals. This study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42022318605). FINDINGS: 11 studies reporting the protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and 15 studies reporting the protective effectiveness of hybrid immunity were included. For previous infection, there were 97 estimates (27 with a moderate risk of bias and 70 with a serious risk of bias). The effectiveness of previous infection against hospital admission or severe disease was 74·6% (95% CI 63·1-83·5) at 12 months. The effectiveness of previous infection against reinfection waned to 24·7% (95% CI 16·4-35·5) at 12 months. For hybrid immunity, there were 153 estimates (78 with a moderate risk of bias and 75 with a serious risk of bias). The effectiveness of hybrid immunity against hospital admission or severe disease was 97·4% (95% CI 91·4-99·2) at 12 months with primary series vaccination and 95·3% (81·9-98·9) at 6 months with the first booster vaccination after the most recent infection or vaccination. Against reinfection, the effectiveness of hybrid immunity following primary series vaccination waned to 41·8% (95% CI 31·5-52·8) at 12 months, while the effectiveness of hybrid immunity following first booster vaccination waned to 46·5% (36·0-57·3) at 6 months. INTERPRETATION: All estimates of protection waned within months against reinfection but remained high and sustained for hospital admission or severe disease. Individuals with hybrid immunity had the highest magnitude and durability of protection, and as a result might be able to extend the period before booster vaccinations are needed compared to individuals who have never been infected. FUNDING: WHO COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations.

6.
IUCrJ ; 10(Pt 1): 52-65, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598502

RESUMO

The compound 1,5-pentanediamine (PDA) is prepared by biological methods using biomass as raw material. The salt of 1,5-pentanediamine oxalate (PDA-OXA) was used directly as the monomer for the preparation of a new bio-based nylon 52 material. High-performance polymer materials require initial high-quality monomers, and crystallization is an essential approach to preparing such a monomer. In this work, three crystal forms of PDA-OXA, the anhydrate, dihydrate and trihydrate, were found and the single crystals of two hydrates were obtained. Their crystal structures were determined using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The thermal behaviors were characterized by thermodynamic analysis, and the lattice energy was calculated to further explore the relationship between the thermal stability and crystal structure. Detailed computational calculations, Hirshfeld analyses and lattice energy calculations were performed to quantify both the contribution of intra- and intermolecular interactions to the supramolecular assembly, as well as the influence on the stability of the structure. The structure-property relationship between the PDA-OXA crystal forms was established. Moreover, the phase transformation mechanism between the crystalline forms of PDA-OXA has been established, and the control strategy of specific crystal forms was developed from the water activity-temperature phase diagram and relevant thermodynamic data. Finally, the influence of the polymorphism of the monomer and the polymerization methods on the properties of the polymer was investigated. The nylon 52 product obtained showed good appearance, high hardness and thermal stability, the polymer made using the anhydrate as the monomer has better thermodynamic properties than that prepared from the dihydrate, indicating practical industrial application prospects.


Assuntos
Nylons , Oxalatos , Cadaverina , Polimerização , Polímeros
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 116174, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669597

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Selaginella moellendorffii (SM) has been applied as an ethnic drug to treat conditions such as osteoporosis, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, and chronic inflammation. It is known to be rich in flavonoids, including apigenin glycosides and unique elements of bioflavonoids. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate estrogen-like constituents of SM and the possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified the main components in liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The estrogenic effects were examined using a recombinant yeast screening assay, an E-screen cell proliferation assay, and an in vivo uterotrophic assay. RESULTS: Flavonoid glycosides extract, some flavonoid glycosides, and apigenin showed estrogen agonistic activity in the yeast screening assay. They also induced cell proliferation in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) cells but not in estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) cells. Consistently, the protein expression of ERα, phosphorylation protein kinase B (p-AKT), phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K), phosphorylation mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR), phosphorylation 38,000-Da protein (p-P38), and phosphorylation extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) elevated following treatment with flavonoid glycoside extract (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). These effects could be blocked by ER antagonist or ERα antagonist but not be blocked by ERß antagonist. In vivo assay, flavonoid glycoside extract could significantly increase body weight, serum estradiol level, uterine wet weight, alter uterine morphology, and promote ERα protein expression (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ERα induction via mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathways might be the possible mechanism underlying the phytoestrogen effect of SM, and the flavonoid glycosides might be the critical estrogenic constituents.

8.
Res Synth Methods ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633513

RESUMO

Risk of bias (RoB) assessments are a core element of evidence synthesis but can be time consuming and subjective. We aimed to develop a decision rule-based algorithm for RoB assessment of seroprevalence studies. We developed the SeroTracker-RoB algorithm. The algorithm derives seven objective and two subjective critical appraisal items from the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Prevalence studies and implements decision rules that determine study risk of bias based on the items. Decision rules were validated using the SeroTracker seroprevalence study database, which included non-algorithmic RoB judgments from two reviewers. We quantified efficiency as the mean difference in time for the algorithmic and non-algorithmic assessments of 80 randomly selected articles, coverage as the proportion of studies where the decision rules yielded an assessment, and reliability using intraclass correlations comparing algorithmic and non-algorithmic assessments for 2070 articles. A set of decision rules with 61 branches was developed using responses to the nine critical appraisal items. The algorithmic approach was faster than non-algorithmic assessment (mean reduction 2.32 min [SD 1.09] per article), classified 100% (n = 2070) of studies, and had good reliability compared to non-algorithmic assessment (ICC 0.77, 95% CI 0.74-0.80). We built the SeroTracker-RoB Excel Tool, which embeds this algorithm for use by other researchers. The SeroTracker-RoB decision-rule based algorithm was faster than non-algorithmic assessment with complete coverage and good reliability. This algorithm enabled rapid, transparent, and reproducible RoB evaluations of seroprevalence studies and may support evidence synthesis efforts during future disease outbreaks. This decision rule-based approach could be applied to other types of prevalence studies.

9.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 561, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Destruction of articular cartilage and bone is the main cause of joint dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) is a key molecule that mediates the destruction of RA articular cartilage. Estrogen has been proven to have a protective effect against articular cartilage damage, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: We treated rat articular chondrocytes with an acidic environment, analyzed the expression levels of mitochondrial stress protein HSP10, ClpP, LONP1 by q-PCR and immunofluorescence staining. Transmission electron microscopy was used to analyze the mitochondrial morphological changes. Laser confocal microscopy was used to analyze the Ca2+, mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. Moreover, ASIC1a specific inhibitor Psalmotoxin 1 (Pctx-1) and Ethylene Glycol Tetraacetic Acid (EGTA) were used to observe whether acid stimulation damage mitochondrial function through Ca2+ influx mediated by ASIC1a and whether pretreatment with estrogen could counteract these phenomena. Furthermore, the ovariectomized (OVX) adjuvant arthritis (AA) rat model was treated with estrogen to explore the effect of estrogen on disease progression. RESULTS: Our results indicated that HSP10, ClpP, LONP1 protein and mRNA expression and mitochondrial ROS level were elevated in acid-stimulated chondrocytes. Moreover, acid stimulation decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and damaged mitochondrial structure of chondrocytes. Furthermore, ASIC1a specific inhibitor PcTx-1 and EGTA inhibited acid-induced mitochondrial abnormalities. In addition, estrogen could protect acid-stimulated induced mitochondrial stress by regulating the activity of ASIC1a in rat chondrocytes and protects cartilage damage in OVX AA rat. CONCLUSIONS: Extracellular acidification induces mitochondrial stress by activating ASIC1a, leading to the damage of rat articular chondrocytes. Estrogen antagonizes acidosis-induced joint damage by inhibiting ASIC1a activity. Our study provides new insights into the protective effect and mechanism of action of estrogen in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Ratos , Animais , Canais Iônicos Sensíveis a Ácido , Condrócitos , Ácido Egtázico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas Mitocondriais
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(19): 5292-5298, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472036

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effects and the underlying mechanism of Huangqi Shengmai Decoction(HQSMD) in the treatment of fatigue and myocardial injury in a joint rat model. Wistar rats were assigned into 4 groups: sham, model, diltiazem hydrochloride(positive control), and HQSMD. The joint model of fatigue and myocardial injury was established by 14-day exhausted swimming followed by high ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The rats in the sham group underwent a sham operation without coronary artery ligation or swimming. Since the fourth day after the ligation, swimming was continued in the model group and the drug-treated groups for the following 4 weeks. Meanwhile, the rats in the positive control group and the HQSMD group were respectively administrated intragastrically with diltiazem hydrochloride(20 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and HQSMD(0.95 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) for 4 weeks, while the shams and the models were given the same volume of normal saline. The left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), grip strength, and myocardial pathophysiological changes were measured to evaluate the anti-fatigue and cardioprotective effects of HQSMD. The protein levels of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1(PINK1) and parkin in the myocardium were measured by Western blot to preliminarily elucidate the mechanism of HQSMD in ameliorating myocardial injury by suppressing mitochondrial autophagy. Compared with the shams, the models showed weakened heart function(LVEF and LVFS, P<0.01), decreased grasping ability(P<0.05), elevated blood urea nitrogen(BUN) and aldosterone(ALD) levels(P<0.01), aggravated myocardial fibrosis and connective tissue hyperplasia(P<0.01), and up-regulated protein levels of PINK1(P<0.01) and parkin(P<0.05). Four-week treatment with HQSMD increased the LVEF and LVFS levels(P<0.01), enhanced the grip strength(P<0.01), reduced the serum levels of BUN(P<0.01) and ALD(P<0.05), alleviated the pathological injury and fibrosis in the myocardium(P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein levels of PINK1(P<0.01) and parkin(P<0.05) in heart tissue. The results demonstrate that HQSMD may alleviate myocardial fibrosis and protect myocardium by suppressing the excessive mitochondrial auto-phagic activity and reducing the excessively elevated ALD level, thereby ameliorating fatigue and myocardial injury.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Traumatismos Cardíacos , Ratos , Animais , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Volume Sistólico , Diltiazem/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Fibrose , Proteínas Quinases , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases
11.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0343722, 2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475880

RESUMO

Quorum sensing (QS) is a well-known chemical signaling system responsible for intercellular communication that is widespread in bacteria. Acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) is the most-studied QS signal. Previously, bacterially encoded AHL-degrading enzymes were considered to be canonical quorum-quenching proteins that have been widely used to control pathogenic infections. Here, we report a novel platform that enabled the efficient discovery of noncanonical AHL quorum-quenching proteins. This platform initially asked bacteriologists to carry out comparative genomic analyses between phylogenetically related AHL-producing and non-AHL-producing members to identify genes that are conservatively shared by non-AHL-producing members but absent in AHL-producing species. These candidate genes were then introduced into recombinant AHL-producing E. coli to screen for target proteins with the ability to block AHL production. Via this platform, we found that non-AHL-producing Lysobacter containing numerous environmentally ubiquitous members encoded a conserved glycosyltransferase-like protein Le4759, which was experimentally shown to be a noncanonical AHL-quenching protein. Le4759 could not directly degrade exogenous AHL but rather recognized and altered the activities of multiple AHL synthases through protein-protein interactions. This versatile capability enabled Le4759 to block specific AHL synthase such as CarI from Pectobacterium carotovorum to reduce its protein abundance to suppress AHL synthesis, thereby impairing bacterial infection. Thus, this study provided bacteriologists with a unique platform to discover noncanonical quorum-quenching proteins that could be developed as promising next-generation drug candidates to overcome emerging bacterial antibiotic resistance. IMPORTANCE Targeting and blocking bacterial quorum sensing (QS), the process known as quorum quenching (QQ) is an effective mean to control bacterial infection and overcome the emerging antibiotic resistance. Previously, diverse QS signal-degradation enzymes are identified as canonical QQ proteins. Here, we provided a novel and universal platform that enabled to discover previously unidentified noncanonical QQ proteins that were unable to degrade acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) but could block AHL generation by recognizing multiple AHL synthases via direct protein-protein interactions. Our findings are believed to trigger broad interest for bacteriologists to identify potentially widely distributed noncanonical QQ proteins that have great potential for developing next-generation anti-infectious drugs.

12.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-51, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503329

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and impaired islet secretion that places a heavy burden on the global health care system due to its high incidence rate, long disease course and many complications. Fortunately, garlic (Allium sativum L.), a well-known medicinal plant and functional food without the toxicity and side effects of conventional drugs, has shown positive effects in the treatment of diabetes and its complications. With interdisciplinary development and in-depth exploration, we offer a clear and comprehensive summary of the research from the past ten years, focusing on the mechanisms and development processes of garlic in the treatment of diabetes and its complications, aiming to provide a new perspective for the treatment of diabetes and promote the efficient development of this field.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1029529, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523613

RESUMO

Aphids are one of the main pests of cotton and have been an important disaster limiting cotton yield. It is important to use satellite multispectral data to monitor the severity of cotton aphids in a timely and accurate manner on regional scale. Based on the combination of derivative of ratio spectra (DRS) and random forest (RF) algorithm, this study researched the quantitative monitoring model of cotton aphid severity based on Sentinel-2 data. First, the cotton area was extracted by using a supervised classification algorithm and the vegetation index threshold method. Then, the DRS algorithm was used to analyze the spectral characteristics of cotton aphids from three scales, and the Pearson correlation analysis algorithm was used to extract the bands significantly related to aphid infestation. Finally, the RF model was trained by ground sampling points and its accuracy was evaluated. The optimal model results were selected by the cross-validation method, and the accuracy was compared with the four classical classification algorithms. The results showed that (1) the canopy spectral reflectance curves at different grades of cotton aphid infestation were significantly different, with a significant positive correlation between cotton aphid grade and spectral reflectance in the visible band range and a negative correlation in the near-infrared band range; (2) The DRS algorithm could effectively remove the interference of the background endmember of satellite multispectral image pixels and enhance the aphid spectral features. The analysis results from three different scales and the evaluation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm in processing satellite multispectral data; (3) After the DRS processing, Sentinel-2 multispectral images could effectively classify the severity of cotton aphid infestation by the RF model with an overall classification accuracy of 80% and a kappa coefficient of 0.73. Compared with the results of four classical classification algorithms, the proposed algorithm has the best accuracy, which proves the superiority of RF. Based on satellite multispectral data, the DRS and RF can be combined to monitor the severity of cotton aphids on a regional scale, and the accuracy can meet the actual need.

14.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(12)2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many serological assays to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were developed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Differences in the detection mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 serological assays limited the comparability of seroprevalence estimates for populations being tested. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of serological assays used in SARS-CoV-2 population seroprevalence surveys, searching for published articles, preprints, institutional sources, and grey literature between 1 January 2020, and 19 November 2021. We described features of all identified assays and mapped performance metrics by the manufacturers, third-party head-to-head, and independent group evaluations. We compared the reported assay performance by evaluation source with a mixed-effect beta regression model. A simulation was run to quantify how biased assay performance affects population seroprevalence estimates with test adjustment. RESULTS: Among 1807 included serosurveys, 192 distinctive commercial assays and 380 self-developed assays were identified. According to manufacturers, 28.6% of all commercial assays met WHO criteria for emergency use (sensitivity [Sn.] >= 90.0%, specificity [Sp.] >= 97.0%). However, manufacturers overstated the absolute values of Sn. of commercial assays by 1.0% [0.1, 1.4%] and 3.3% [2.7, 3.4%], and Sp. by 0.9% [0.9, 0.9%] and 0.2% [-0.1, 0.4%] compared to third-party and independent evaluations, respectively. Reported performance data was not sufficient to support a similar analysis for self-developed assays. Simulations indicate that inaccurate Sn. and Sp. can bias seroprevalence estimates adjusted for assay performance; the error level changes with the background seroprevalence. CONCLUSIONS: The Sn. and Sp. of the serological assay are not fixed properties, but varying features depending on the testing population. To achieve precise population estimates and to ensure the comparability of seroprevalence, serosurveys should select assays with high performance validated not only by their manufacturers and adjust seroprevalence estimates based on assured performance data. More investigation should be directed to consolidating the performance of self-developed assays.

15.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to longitudinally investigate the correlation between choroidal morphologic and vascular parameters and postoperative visual outcome in different stages of idiopathic epiretinal membranes (iERMs). METHODS: A prospective, observational, institutional case series of 102 consecutive patients diagnosed with unilateral iERMs were recruited at Peking University Third Hospital and were followed up for 12 months after surgical treatment with vitrectomy. Participants were classified into four stages according to current staging scheme. All eligible subjects underwent standardized imaging evaluation of choroidal parameters including subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), choroidal vascularity index (CVI), and choroidal capillary perfusion (CCP) at baseline and each follow-up by enhanced depth optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). Longitudinal follow-up of choroidal parameters over 12 months was analysed, and their correlations with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were also assessed for predictive prognostic value. RESULTS: CVI and CCP were significantly correlated with BCVA at each follow-up examination (all p < 0.05). However, SFCT exhibited no variation among different stages of iERMs at baseline (p = 0.981) or during follow-up (p = 0.520). The preoperative CVI correlated with 12-month postoperative BCVA (p < 0.001) and its predictive prognostic effect on BCVA was validated in multiple regression analysis (p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: CVI varied among different stages of iERM and was significantly correlated with visual outcomes after the surgery. CVI could serve as a predictive prognostic marker in iERMs, which further indicates the underlying choroid should be taken into consideration in clinical evaluation of iERMs.

16.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1025546, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394011

RESUMO

Background: Keloid, also known as connective tissue hyperplasia, is a benign proliferative disorder with a global distribution. The available therapeutic interventions are steroid injections, surgical removal of keloids, radiotherapy, compression therapy, the application of cryosurgery, and many other methods. Objectives: Existing treatments or approaches for keloids may lead to similar or even larger lesions at the site of keloid excision, leading to a high recurrence rate. Therefore, this study aims at identifying a new gene-based therapy for the treatment of keloids. Methods: An ASPN-siRNA/nanoparticle combination (si-ASPN) and a negative siRNA/nanoparticle complex (NC) was developed on the basis of bioinformatics studies and used in vitro and in vivo experiments. Results: The results showed a strong correlation between the development of keloids and high expression of ASPN protein. With the expression of ASPN protein greatly reduced in keloid fibroblasts and nude mice allografts after treatment with si-ASPN, the collagen and fibroblasts were also uniform, thinner, parallel and regular. Conclusion: All the above experimental results suggest that keloid and ASPN are closely related and both fibroblast growth and metabolism of keloid are inhibited after silencing ASPN. Therefore, ASPN-siRNA delivered via nanoparticles can serve as a novel intervention therapy for the treatment of keloids.

17.
Front Surg ; 9: 1025557, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338621

RESUMO

Background: Biochemical processes involved in complex skin diseases (skin cancers, psoriasis, and wound) can be identified by combining proteomics analysis and bioinformatics tools, which gain a next-level insight into their pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapeutic targets. Methods: Articles were identified through a search of PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE references dated to May 2022, to perform system data mining, and a search of the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection was utilized to conduct a visual bibliometric analysis. Results: An increased trend line revealed that the number of publications related to proteomics utilized in skin diseases has sharply increased recent years, reaching a peak in 2021. The hottest fields focused on are skin cancer (melanoma), inflammation skin disorder (psoriasis), and skin wounds. After deduplication and title, abstract, and full-text screening, a total of 486 of the 7,822 outcomes met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for detailed data mining in the field of skin disease tooling with proteomics, with regard to skin cancer. According to the data, cell death, metabolism, skeleton, immune, and inflammation enrichment pathways are likely the major part and hotspots of proteomic analysis found in skin diseases. Also, the focuses of proteomics in skin disease are from superficial presumption to depth mechanism exploration within more comprehensive validation, from basic study to a combination or guideline for clinical applications. Furthermore, we chose skin cancer as a typical example, compared with other skin disorders. In addition to finding key pathogenic proteins and differences between diseases, proteomic analysis is also used for therapeutic evaluation or can further obtain in-depth mechanisms in the field of skin diseases. Conclusion: Proteomics has been regarded as an irreplaceable technology in the study of pathophysiological mechanism and/or therapeutic targets of skin diseases, which could provide candidate key proteins for the insight into the biological information after gene transcription. However, depth pathogenesis and potential clinical applications need further studies with stronger evidence within a wider range of skin diseases.

18.
FASEB J ; 36(12): e22647, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350008

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a group of tumors that arise along the human biliary duct tree, ranking second in primary hepatic malignancies. Intrahepatic CCA (iCCA) represents about 10%-20% of CCAs. There is an increasing body of evidence suggesting that iCCAs' incidence and mortality have been increasing globally over the past few decades. In this study, we found that the EIF3H expression level in iCCA tissues was significantly increased compared to the adjacent non-cancerous tissues by immunohistochemistry analysis (IHC). A similar tendency of EIF3H mRNA and protein level was confirmed in iCCA cell lines using RT-qPCR and Western blot. EIF3H has been identified as a critical molecule that plays a pro-neoplasmic role in iCCA both in vivo and in vitro, such as proliferation, migration, and anti-apoptosis. Mechanistically, we found that EIF3H knockdown can promote the degradation of CCND1 and the proteolysis of CCND1 is mediated by ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Thus, we come to the conclusion that EIF3H promotes proliferation and migration of iCCAs, inhibiting apoptosis of iCCA cells at the same time by stabilizing the CCND1 protein structure. Our findings provide insights into the mechanism of tumorigenesis role of EIF3H in iCCAs and a potential therapeutic target for iCCA treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , beta Catenina , Ciclina D1/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia
19.
PLoS Med ; 19(11): e1004107, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the global scale of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection remains incomplete: Routine surveillance data underestimate infection and cannot infer on population immunity; there is a predominance of asymptomatic infections, and uneven access to diagnostics. We meta-analyzed SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence studies, standardized to those described in the World Health Organization's Unity protocol (WHO Unity) for general population seroepidemiological studies, to estimate the extent of population infection and seropositivity to the virus 2 years into the pandemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis, searching MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, preprints, and grey literature for SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence published between January 1, 2020 and May 20, 2022. The review protocol is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020183634). We included general population cross-sectional and cohort studies meeting an assay quality threshold (90% sensitivity, 97% specificity; exceptions for humanitarian settings). We excluded studies with an unclear or closed population sample frame. Eligible studies-those aligned with the WHO Unity protocol-were extracted and critically appraised in duplicate, with risk of bias evaluated using a modified Joanna Briggs Institute checklist. We meta-analyzed seroprevalence by country and month, pooling to estimate regional and global seroprevalence over time; compared seroprevalence from infection to confirmed cases to estimate underascertainment; meta-analyzed differences in seroprevalence between demographic subgroups such as age and sex; and identified national factors associated with seroprevalence using meta-regression. We identified 513 full texts reporting 965 distinct seroprevalence studies (41% low- and middle-income countries [LMICs]) sampling 5,346,069 participants between January 2020 and April 2022, including 459 low/moderate risk of bias studies with national/subnational scope in further analysis. By September 2021, global SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence from infection or vaccination was 59.2%, 95% CI [56.1% to 62.2%]. Overall seroprevalence rose steeply in 2021 due to infection in some regions (e.g., 26.6% [24.6 to 28.8] to 86.7% [84.6% to 88.5%] in Africa in December 2021) and vaccination and infection in others (e.g., 9.6% [8.3% to 11.0%] in June 2020 to 95.9% [92.6% to 97.8%] in December 2021, in European high-income countries [HICs]). After the emergence of Omicron in March 2022, infection-induced seroprevalence rose to 47.9% [41.0% to 54.9%] in Europe HIC and 33.7% [31.6% to 36.0%] in Americas HIC. In 2021 Quarter Three (July to September), median seroprevalence to cumulative incidence ratios ranged from around 2:1 in the Americas and Europe HICs to over 100:1 in Africa (LMICs). Children 0 to 9 years and adults 60+ were at lower risk of seropositivity than adults 20 to 29 (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). In a multivariable model using prevaccination data, stringent public health and social measures were associated with lower seroprevalence (p = 0.02). The main limitations of our methodology include that some estimates were driven by certain countries or populations being overrepresented. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we observed that global seroprevalence has risen considerably over time and with regional variation; however, over one-third of the global population are seronegative to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Our estimates of infections based on seroprevalence far exceed reported Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases. Quality and standardized seroprevalence studies are essential to inform COVID-19 response, particularly in resource-limited regions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18765, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335171

RESUMO

Eucommia ulmoides staminate flowers (EUF), a newly approved functional food in China, have great potential for hormonal regulation. Herein, we aim to demonstrate the chemical composition and pharmacological activity of EUF in testosterone production and hormonal regulation. EUF extract and its components, kaempferol and geniposidic acid, exhibited a strong stimulating effect by increasing testosterone secretion, reducing ROS production, or promoting viability in Leydig cells. Meanwhile, the increased testosterone production was related to the upregulation of mRNA and protein expression of the steroidogenic pathway, such as steroidogenic acute-regulatory protein (StAR), 3ß -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD3B1), 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17A1), and nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 (NR5A1). However, PKA inhibitor H89 or adenylyl cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 could block their effect. The results of transgenic yeast models showed the androgenic agonistic effects of kaempferol and naringenin and the estrogenic agonistic effects of rutin. These results indicated that the testosterone promotional effect of EUF was related to the activation of the steroidogenic pathway and potential hormonal regulation. Kaempferol and geniposidic acid might be the key active ingredients.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Testosterona , Testosterona/metabolismo , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Quempferóis/metabolismo , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Androgênios/metabolismo , Flores
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...