Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18199, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% to 30% patients develop delayed encephalopathy after acute CO poisoning (DEACMP). No specific treatment is available and poor prognosis is a characteristic of this disease. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of all therapies that have been tried in randomized controlled trial (RCT) for DEACMP. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. RESULTS: Overall, 4 RCTs were identified in our study. Both hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation were effective in DEACMP, and MSC seemed to be superior to HBO. The addition of dexamethasone, N-butylphthalide, or XingZhi-YiNao granules into HBO, or butylphthalide into MSC could achieve better neurological recovery in DEACMP patients but did not significantly increase the incidence of adverse events. CONCLUSION: Several therapies have shown positive results in treating DEACMP and need to be proven by further studies.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/etiologia , Encefalopatias/terapia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Sleep Med ; 64: 62-70, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a chronic and debilitating sleep disorder characterized by cataplexy and excessive daytime sleeping. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been widely used to treat narcolepsy, and new findings have been published in recent years. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerability of GHB treatment in adults with narcolepsy. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Web of Science, and clinical-trials.gov from inception to June 2018 was performed. Change in daily diaries and polysomnographic data of narcoleptic patients were defined as the efficacy outcomes. The tolerability and acceptability outcomes were the rates of adverse events and dropping out for adverse effects or other reasons. RESULTS: Fifteen randomized controlled trials involving 2104 participants were identified. GHB was found to improve cataplexy attacks (P = 0.001), subjective daytime sleepiness (P < 0.0001), daytime sleep latency (P < 0.0001), inadvertent naps/sleep attacks (P < 0.00001), effective rates (Clinical Global Impression of change) (P < 0.00001), hypnagogic hallucinations (P = 0.004), sleep paralysis (P = 0.004), stage 1 sleep (P = 0.04), slow wave sleep (P = 0.003), REM sleep (P = 0.0006), sleep shifts (P = 0.005), nocturnal awakenings (P = 0.004), quality of nocturnal sleep (P < 0.00001), chin muscle activity, and quality of life, but had no effect on stage 2 sleep (P = 0.88). GHB was less well tolerated than placebo because of side effects that occurred in a dose-dependent fashion (RR = 6.08; 95% CI = 2.18 to 16.97; P = 0.0006). CONCLUSIONS: GHB was effective in improving narcolepsy-cataplexy and related symptoms in adults but was less well tolerated than placebo because of dose-dependent side effects.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1415, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564123

RESUMO

Rhodiola rosea L. (R. rosea L.) is widely used to stimulate the nervous system, extenuate anxiety, enhance work performance, relieve fatigue, and prevent high altitude sickness. Previous studies reported that R. rosea L. improves learning and memory function in animal models. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis for preclinical studies to assess the current evidence for R. rosea L. effect on learning and memory function. Ultimately, 36 studies involving 836 animals were identified by searching 6 databases from inception to May 2018. The primary outcome measures included the escape latency in Morris water maze (MWM) test on behalf of learning ability, the frequency and the length of time spent on the target quadrant in MWM test representing memory function, and the number of errors in step down test, dark avoidance test and Y maze test on behalf of memory function. The secondary outcome measures were mechanisms of R. rosea L. for learning and/or memory function. Compared with control, the pooled results of 28 studies showed significant effects of R. rosea L. for reducing the escape latency (P < 0.05); 23 studies for increasing the frequency and the length of time spent on the target quadrant (P < 0.05); and 6 studies for decreasing the number of errors (P < 0.01). The possible mechanisms of R. rosea L. are largely through antioxidant, cholinergic regulation, anti-apoptosis activities, anti-inflammatory, improving coronary blood flow, and cerebral metabolism. In conclusion, the findings suggested that R. rosea L. can improve learning and memory function.

4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(2): 221-224, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28612530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether minocycline could inhibit neuroinflammation induced by microglia activation through suppression of adenosine A2Areceptor (A2AR)expression in rats after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Thirty male Sprageue-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham group, I/R group and minocycline group. The rats were subjected to occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery (MCAO) for 2 h to establish stroke I/R model, and 3 mg/kg minocycline was injected intravenously immediately after reperfusion twice a day in minocycline group. At 24 h after I/R, the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-6 in peri-infarct region were measured by Western blot, microglia activation was detected by double-immunofluorescence labeling. A2AR density was detected by immunohistofluorescence and Western blot. RESULTS: The number of CD11b-positive cells in I/R group was increased when compared with that in sham group. The expressions of IL-1ß, IL-6 and A2AR were markedly up-regulated after I/R. Minocycline significantly decreased the expressions of IL-1ß, IL-6 and A2AR and the number of CD11b-positive cells in peri-infarct region. CONCLUSION: Minocycline could prevent cerebral ischemia induced neuroinflammation by the suppression of microglial activation, which may be related to down-regulation of A2AR expression.


Assuntos
Antagonistas do Receptor A2 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Minociclina/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor A2A de Adenosina
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(5): 717-21, 743, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26619542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of the Hemopexin (Hx) on the generation of free radicals and brain edema after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: One hundred SD rats were randomly and evenly divided into four groups (25 rats in each group) which named Sham group, ICH control group, Hx removal group and Hx intervention group respectively. There were five observation points (1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, 21 d) and which contain five rats for each. The stereotactic injection technique was used to make the ICH model, which adopted rat autologous Whole blood that was removed or mixed with Hx and then injected to the right caudate nucleus of the brain. Sham group were only injected with 50 µL saline to the right caudate nucleus and ICH control group were injected with 50 pL autologous whole blood; Hx removal group were injected 50 µL autologous whole blood of removal Hx and Hx intervention group were injected 50 µL autologous whole blood which contain 0. 25 mg (5 µg/ µL) Hx. Bederson's method was applied to evaluate whether the model was established successfully or not. Garcia' s method was used to estimate the neurological dysfunction scores by. Water contents of brain tissue around the hematoma was detected by dry-wet weigh method . The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were measured with the xanthine oxidase method. The content of the malonyldialdehyde (MDA) was measured by the thiobarbituric acid method. Pathological changes of brain tissue around the hematoma were detected by immunohistochemical method at each observation time points; and the immunohistochemical scores result was judged by the double semiquantitative evaluation method. RESULTS: Compared with Sham group, at 3-21 d, there were statistically significant differences (P<0. 05) in the neurological disorders and water content of the brain tissue and immunohistochemistry scores within ICH control group, Hx intervention group and Hx removal group. Compared with Sham group, at 1-21 d, there were statistically significant differences (P<0. 05) in SOD activity and the content of the MDA within ICH control group, Hx intervention group and Hx removal group. All the indexes above were superior in Hx intervention group to ICH control group (P<0. 05), and inferior in Hx removal group to ICH control group (P< 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The Hemopexin may attenuate the generation of the free radicals and encephalaedema in the brain tissue around the hematoma after intracerebral hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico/terapia , Encéfalo/patologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Hemopexina/farmacologia , Animais , Hematoma/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(4): 524-7, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26480651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of minocycline on morphology and the expression of synaptophysin in cortical tissues of rats after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. METHODS: 36 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham group, model group [ischemia reperfusion (I/R)] and minocycline (Min) group (treated with minocycline for 14 d, 3 mg/kg, 2 times/d ). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was used to established as focal cerebral I/R model. At 14 d after I/R. Neurological functional recovery was evaluated using the staircase test, the cell morphology in cortex was evaluated by HE staining, the neurite growth was observed by immunostaining with anti-microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) antibody, the expression of synaptophysin in pei-infarct region was tested by Western blot. RESULTS: In the sham group, the rats did not show any neurological deficits. The neurons in the cortex were arranged in neat rows and the morphology were normal, the MAP-2 positive neurons showed longer neuronal processes than the model group. Compared to the model group, minocycline significantly improved forelimb motor function, increased the expression of synaptophysin and the number of MAP-2-positive cells in peri-infarct region (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Minocycline could improve the neurite regrowth and the expression of synaptophysin of neuron in ischemic cortex, promote neurological functional recovery of rats after MCAO, which is related to regulate the neuronal plasticity.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Minociclina/farmacologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sinaptofisina/metabolismo
7.
Neurosci Bull ; 22(2): 115-7, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17687408

RESUMO

Objective To explore the effect of leptin on cytokine production by PBMCs obtained from MS patients either in acute (relapse) or in stable (nonrelapse) phase of disease. Methods PBMCs were collected from 25 untreated acute MS patients, 11 stable MS patients and 20 healthy controls. PBMCs were cultured either with RPMI-1640 alone or with leptin (1.25 nmol/ml), phytohemagglutinin (PHA) (100 mug/ml), and leptin + PHA. 72 h later the supernate of the culture medium were collected and stored at -70 degrees C. The pro-inflammatory cytokine (IFN-gamma) concentration were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA), and the anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-4) concentration were investigated by radioimmunity methods. Results Our data showed that leptin induced IFN-gamma production by PBMCs of patients in an acute phase of disease but not in a stable phase or in healthy controls. Moreover, we found that PHA induced IL-4 production by PBMCs of patients in an acute phase of disease, but leptin inhibited this ability of PHA. Conclusion Leptin can affect on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production by PBMCs collected from MS patients, may be this connected with leptin increase the susceptiveness of MS.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 22(3): 175-7, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12585099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of Tripterygiitotorum (T II) combined with prednisone in treating patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and the changes of immune function after treatment. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with MG were randomly divided into two groups, the 36 patients in the treated group were treated with T II plus prednisone and the 32 in the control group were treated with prednisone alone. The therapeutic effect, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and peripheral B lymphocyte levels were observed. RESULTS: The therapeutic effect in the treated group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). There were significant decrease in serum IL-6 and peripheral B lymphocyte in both groups after treatment (P < 0.05), with the decrements more significant in the treated group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The therapy of T II plus prednisone is superior to that of prednisone alone in treating MG, it has a more potent effect of immunosuppression.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Miastenia Gravis/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miastenia Gravis/sangue
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA