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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 112915, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360044

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Stellera Linn. consists of species of perennial herbs and shrubs, and is mainly distributed in the temperate regions of east Asia to west Asia. There are 10∼12 species in the world, two species in China: Stellera chamaejasme Linn. and Stellera formosana Hayata ex Li. As recorded, the roots of Stellera species are used to dissipate phlegm and relieve pain. The roots and the barks can be used for papermaking. AIM OF THIS REVIEW: This review aims to summarize the ethnopharmacological uses, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, clinical applications and toxicology of the genus Stellera to better understand their therapeutic potential in the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relevant information of the genus Stellera was collected from scientific databases (Pubmed, ACS website, SciFinder Scholar, Elsevier, Google Scholar, Web of Science and CNKI). Information was also gathered from 'Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae (〈〈〉〉)', folk records, conference papers on ethnopharmacology, Ph.D. and Masters' Dissertation. RESULTS: Stellera plants have been studied as traditional folk medicines all around the world. The chemical constituents of Stellera species mainly comprise terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins, lignans, and so on. Extracts and compounds of Stellera species exhibit extensive pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-viral, anti-convulsive, anti-epileptic, anti-bacterial and anti-insect activities, etc. Clinical applications have suggested that the genus Stellera has the effects in treating several skin diseases and cancers, however, the results should be further verification. The genus Stellera plants are toxic and should be used reasonable. CONCLUSION: This paper reviewed the ethnopharmacological uses, chemical constituents, pharmacology, clinical applications and toxicology of the genus Stellera. The genus Stellera has broad application prospects. However, further in-depth studies are needed to determine the medical uses of the genus and its chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, clinical applications and toxicology.

2.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868905

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a worldwide problem and there are no effective drugs for AD treatment. Previous studies show that DL0410 is a multi-target, anti-AD agent. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of DL0410 and its action mechanism in SAMP8 mice. DL0410 (1-10 mg·kg-1·d-1) was orally administered to 8-month-old SAMP mice (SAMP8) for 8 weeks. We showed that DL0410 administration effectively ameliorated the cognitive deficits in the Morris water maze test, novel object recognition test, and nest building test. We revealed that DL0410 dose-dependently increased the expression levels of the mitochondrial proteins (PGC-1α, Mitofusin 2, OPA1, and Drp1), and subsequently ameliorated the processes of mitochondrial biosynthesis, fusion, and fission in the cortex and hippocampus of SAMP8 mice. Furthermore, DL0410 administration promoted the expression of synaptic proteins (synaptophysin and PSD95) in the brain of SAMP8 mice, and upregulated the protein phosphorylation in NMDAR-CAMKII/CAMKIV-CREB pathway responsible for the synaptic plasticity. DL0410 administration dose-dependently increased the expression of BDNF and TrkB, and the neurotrophic effect was mediated via the ERK1/2 and PI3K-AKT-GSK-3ß pathways. DL0410 administration upregulated Bcl-2, increased the Bcl-2/Bax ratio and the level of caspase 3 and PARP-1, alleviating neuronal apoptosis. We proposed that the NMDAR-CREB-BDNF pathway might establish a positive feedback loop between synaptic plasticity and neurotrophy, with CREB at the center. In summary, DL0410 promotes synaptic function and neuronal survival, thus ameliorating cognitive deficits in SAMP8 mice via improved mitochondrial dynamics and increased activity of the NMDAR-CREB-BDNF pathway. DL0410 is a promising candidate to treat aging-related AD, and deserves more research and development in future.

3.
Neurochem Int ; 136: 104731, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201280

RESUMO

Increasing evidences support that glial connexins are involved in the demyelination pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder. Here, we review the data from patients with MS and animal models of MS that implicate connexins in demyelination. Connexins expressed in oligodendrocytes and astrocytes show diverse changes at the different phases of MS. Loss of oligodendrocyte or astrocyte connexins contributes to demyelination and exaggerates the pathology of MS. Channel-dependent and -independent connexins are involved in the pathology of demyelination, which is related with myelin integrity, metabolic homeostasis, the brain-blood barrier, the immune cell infiltration, and the inflammatory response. A comprehensive understanding of connexin function in demyelination may provide new therapeutic targets for MS.

4.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112232, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911266

RESUMO

Corni Fructus, also known as the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc., has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and is widely consumed as a nutritional food in the form of function drink and wine. Recently, Corni Fructus has attracted considerable interest because of its anti-diabetic effects. A systematic phytochemical investigation of Corni Fructus was performed to find anti-diabetic components, which led to the isolation of 10 unreported iridoid glycosides, cornusdiglycosides A-J (1-8, 9a/9b and 10a/10b). Their chemical structures were determined through spectroscopic analysis (ultraviolet [UV], infrared [IR], high-resolution electrospray ionisation mass spectroscopy [HRESIMS], one-dimensional [1D] and two-dimensional [2D] nuclear magnetic resonance [NMR]). Such morroniside-type diglycosides were first reported from natural sources, and all isolates were evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The results showed that all compounds (1-10) exhibited α-glucosidase (from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 78.9 ± 4.09 to 162.2 ± 9.17 µM, whereas acarbose, the positive control, displayed α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 118.9 ± 7.89 µM.


Assuntos
Cornus/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Glucosídeos Iridoides/química , Glucosídeos Iridoides/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(5): 599-611, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685977

RESUMO

At present, few available drugs can be used to either improve pathological features or prevent the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). DL0410 ((1,1'-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl) bis (3-(piperidin-1-yl) propan-1-one) dihydrochloride) is a multiple-target small molecule that has been found to reverse cognitive impairment in different animal models of AD. In this study we evaluated the cognition-improving effects of DL0410 in APP/PS1 transgenic mice and explored the underlying mechanisms. APP/PS1 transgenic mice were administered DL0410 (3, 10, 30 mg· kg-1· d-1, ig) for 2 months. We found that DL0410 administration significantly ameliorated cognitive deficits in both the nest-building and Morris water maze tests. In electrophysiological analysis of hippocampal slices, we showed that DL0410 administration significantly enhanced the field EPSP slope and HFS-induced LTP in CA1 area. Furthermore, we revealed that DL0410 administration significantly increased the phosphorylation of AKT and the activity of GSK-3ß in the hippocampus and cortex. Moreover, DL0410 administration dose-dependently increased the expression level of phosphorylated ERK1/2 in the hippocampus and cortex. In addition, DL0410 dose-dependently decreased the neuronal loss by decreasing the production of Aß deposition, inhibited glial overactivation, and the production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6. We conclude that DL0410 ameliorates cognitive deficits in APP/PS1 transgenic mice by promoting synaptic transmission via activating the AKT/GSK-3ß and MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and reducing neuronal loss. DL0410 may be an effective agent for AD treatment in the future.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 409, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068813

RESUMO

Corni fructus, the fruit of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc., has been used as a tonic for the kidney in China for thousands of years. Loganin is one of the major constituents derived from Corni fructus. In this study, we revealed the sedative and hypnotic activity of loganin and investigated its mechanisms for the first time. Pentobarbital-induced sleep test and insomnia mice models [induced by caffeine and p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA)] were used for the assessment of sedative and hypnotic effects of loganin. It was found that loganin (20-50 mg/kg) exerted sedative effect in normal mice. Loganin exhibited hypnotic effect by increasing sleep onset and sleep duration in pentobarbital-treated mice, recovering PCPA-induced insomnia and exerting synergistic hypnosis effect with 5-HTP. In addition, electroencephalograph (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) recordings of rats showed that loganin (35 mg/kg) prolonged the ratio of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and shortened wakefulness significantly, further immunohistochemistry showed that loganin (35 mg/kg) increased c-Fos expression in GABAergic neurons of rats in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO). The levels of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite were measured in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and striatum of mice, 1 h after loganin (35 mg/kg) treatment. 5-HT, 5-HIAA/5-HT, DA, and DOPAC were decreased significantly in the prefrontal cortex. In conclusion, these results indicated that loganin produced beneficial sedative and hypnotic activity, which might be mainly mediated by modification of the serotonergic system and GABAergic neurons.

7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 21(11): 1052-1067, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30585512

RESUMO

Honokiol, a natural polyphenol, which was reported to have satisfactory influenza neuraminidase (NA) inhibitory activity, was structurally modified. Twenty-three compounds were synthesized and the ortho-effects in the epoxidation and hydrolyzation reactions were studied. The derivatives were evaluated for NA inhibitory activity and the benzoylhydrazone derivatives showed much better anti-NA activity than honokiol. Structure-activity relationship analysis suggested that the polyphenols exhibited better anti-NA activity than monophenols and biphenols. Furthermore, probable binding mode of drug with target revealed that the most active compound had much stronger interactions with the active site of NA than honokiol suggesting the potent anti-influenza virus activity.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Influenza Humana , Compostos de Bifenilo , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Lignanas , Estrutura Molecular , Neuraminidase
8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 39(12): 1913-1922, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802302

RESUMO

Host cdc2-like kinase 1 (CLK1) is responsible for the alternative splicing of the influenza virus M2 gene during influenza virus infection and replication that has been recognized as a potential anti-influenza virus target. In this study, we showed that gallocatechin-7-gallate (J10688), a novel CLK1 inhibitor isolated from Pithecellobium clypearia Benth, exerted potent anti-influenza virus activity in vivo and in vitro. ICR mice were intranasally infected with a lethal dose of H1N1. Administration of J10688 (30 mg·kg-1·d-1, iv, for 5 days) significantly increased the survival rate of the H1N1-infected mice to 91.67% and prolong their mean survival time from 5.83 ± 1.74 days to 13.66 ± 1.15 days. J10688 administration also slowed down body weight loss, significantly alleviated influenza-induced acute lung injury, reduced lung virus titer, elevated the spleen and thymus indexes, and enhanced the immunological function. We further explored its anti-influenza mechanisms in the H1N1-infected A549 cells: as a novel CLK1 inhibitor, J10688 (3, 10, 30 µmol/L) dose-dependently impaired synthesis of the viral proteins NP and M2, and significantly downregulated the phosphorylation of splicing factors SF2/ASF and SC35, which regulate virus M2 gene alternative splicing. As a novel CLK1 inhibitor with potent anti-influenza activity in vitro and in vivo, J10688 could be a promising antiviral drug for the therapy of influenza A virus infection.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Fabaceae/química , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Células A549 , Animais , Catequina/farmacologia , Cães , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza B/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Baço/patologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Chin J Nat Med ; 16(1): 53-62, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29425590

RESUMO

Naodesheng (NDS) formula, which consists of Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Lobed Kudzuvine, Carthamus tinctorius, Radix Notoginseng, and Crataegus pinnatifida, is widely applied for the treatment of cardio/cerebrovascular ischemic diseases, ischemic stroke, and sequelae of cerebral hemorrhage, etc. At present, the studies on NDS formula for Alzheimer's disease (AD) only focus on single component of this prescription, and there is no report about the synergistic mechanism of the constituents in NDS formula for the potential treatment of dementia. Therefore, the present study aimed to predict the potential targets and uncover the mechanisms of NDS formula for the treatment of AD. Firstly, we collected the constituents in NDS formula and key targets toward AD. Then, drug-likeness, oral bioavailability, and blood-brain barrier permeability were evaluated to find drug-like and lead-like constituents for treatment of central nervous system diseases. By combining the advantages of machine learning, molecular docking, and pharmacophore mapping, we attempted to predict the targets of constituents and find potential multi-target compounds from NDS formula. Finally, we built constituent-target network, constituent-target-target network and target-biological pathway network to study the network pharmacology of the constituents in NDS formula. To the best of our knowledge, this represented the first to study the mechanism of NDS formula for potential efficacy for AD treatment by means of the virtual screening and network pharmacology methods.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Autoanálise , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Bases de Dados de Compostos Químicos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Permeabilidade
10.
Am J Chin Med ; 45(4): 863-877, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28595501

RESUMO

Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) is one of the active ingredients in Astragalus membrananceus (Huangqi), a traditional Chinese medicine. The present study investigated the effects of AS-IV on Ca[Formula: see text] handling in cardiac myocytes to elucidate its possible mechanism in the treatment of cardiac disease. The results showed that AS-IV at 1 and 10[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M reduced KCl-induced [Ca[Formula: see text]]i increase ([Formula: see text] from 1.33[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.04 (control, [Formula: see text] 28) to 1.22[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.02 ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] 29) and 1.22[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.02 ([Formula: see text] 0.01, [Formula: see text]), but it enhanced Ca[Formula: see text] release from SR ([Formula: see text] from 1.04[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.01 (control, [Formula: see text]) to 1.44[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.03 ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text]) and 1.60[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.04 ([Formula: see text] 0.01, [Formula: see text]0), in H9c2 cells. Similar results were obtained in native cardiomyocytes. AS-IV at 1 and 10[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M inhibited L-type Ca[Formula: see text] current ([Formula: see text] from [Formula: see text]4.42[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.58 pA/pF of control to [Formula: see text]2.25[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.12 pA/pF ([Formula: see text] 0.01, [Formula: see text] 5) and [Formula: see text]1.78[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]0.28 pA/pF ([Formula: see text] 0.01, [Formula: see text] 5) respectively, when the interference of [Ca[Formula: see text]]i was eliminated due to the depletion of SR Ca[Formula: see text] store by thapsigargin, an inhibitor of Ca[Formula: see text] ATPase. Moreover, when BAPTA, a rapid Ca[Formula: see text] chelator, was used, CDI (Ca[Formula: see text]-dependent inactivation) of [Formula: see text] was eliminated, and the inhibitory effects of AS-IV on ICaL were significantly reduced at the same time. These results suggest that AS-IV affects Ca[Formula: see text] homeostasis through two opposite pathways: inhibition of Ca[Formula: see text] influx through L-type Ca[Formula: see text] channel, and promotion of Ca[Formula: see text] release from SR.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/química , Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Retículo Sarcoplasmático/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Depressão Química , Cobaias , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Estimulação Química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
11.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 51(5): 725-31, 2016 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29874009

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the network pharmacology of Chinese medicinal formulae for treatment of Alzheimer's disease.Machine learning algorithms were applied to construct classifiers in predicting the active molecules against 25 key targets toward Alzheimer's disease(AD).By extensive data profiling, we compiled 13 classical traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) formulas with clinical efficacy for AD. There were 7 Chinese herbs with a frequency of 5 or higher in our study. Based on the predicted results, we built constituent-target, and further construct target-target interaction network by STRING(Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins) and target-disease network by DAVID(Database for Annotation,Visualization and Integrated Discovery) and gene disease database to study the synergistic mechanism of the herbal constituents in the Chinese traditional patent medicine. By prediction of blood-brain penetration and validation by TCMsp (traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology) and Drugbank, we found 7 typical multi-target constituents which have diverse structure. The mechanism uncovered by this study may offer a deep insight into the action mechanism of TCMs for AD. The predicted inhibitors for the AD-related targets may provide a good source of new lead constituents against AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
12.
Molecules ; 20(11): 19735-47, 2015 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26540031

RESUMO

The rapid evolution of influenza virus makes antiviral drugs less effective, which is considered to be a major bottleneck in antiviral therapy. The key proteins in the host cells, which are related with the replication cycle of influenza virus, are regarded as potential drug targets due to their distinct advantage of lack of evolution and drug resistance. Cdc2-like kinase 1 (CLK1) in the host cells is responsible for alternative splicing of the M2 gene of influenza virus during influenza infection and replication. In this study, we carried out baculovirus-mediated expression and purification of CLK1 and established a reliable screening assay for CLK1 inhibitors. After a virtual screening of CLK1 inhibitors was performed, the activities of the selected compounds were evaluated. Finally, several compounds with strong inhibitory activity against CLK1 were discovered and their in vitro anti-influenza virus activities were validated using a cytopathic effect (CPE) reduction assay. The assay results showed that clypearin, corilagin, and pinosylvine were the most potential anti-influenza virus compounds as CLK1 inhibitors among the compounds tested. These findings will provide important information for new drug design and development in influenza treatment, and CLK1 may be a potent drug target for anti-influenza drug screening and discovery.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Vírus da Influenza A/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/metabolismo , Influenza Humana/virologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Ordem dos Genes , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav ; 133: 155-63, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25895692

RESUMO

Baicalein, a flavonoid from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to possess neuroprotective properties. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of baicalein on motor behavioral deficits and gene expression in N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mice model of Parkinson's disease (PD). The behavioral results showed that baicalein significantly improves the abnormal behaviors in MPTP-induced mice model of PD, as manifested by shortening the total time for climbing down the pole, prolonging the latent periods of rotarod, and increasing the vertical movements. Using cDNA microarray and subsequent bioinformatic analyses, it was found that baicalein significantly promotes the biological processes including neurogenesis, neuroblast proliferation, neurotrophin signaling pathway, walking and locomotor behaviors, and inhibits dopamine metabolic process through regulation of gene expressions. Based on analysis of gene co-expression networks, the results indicated that the regulation of genes such as LIMK1, SNCA and GLRA1 by baicalein might play central roles in the network. Our results provide experimental evidence for the potential use of baicalein in the treatment of PD, and revealed gene expression profiles, biological processes and pathways influenced by baicalein in MPTP-treated mice.


Assuntos
1-Metil-4-Fenil-1,2,3,6-Tetra-Hidropiridina , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/fisiopatologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/metabolismo , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurogênese/genética , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/induzido quimicamente , Doença de Parkinson Secundária/genética , Teste de Desempenho do Rota-Rod , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
14.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 85(4): 427-38, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25185493

RESUMO

The anti-influenza virus activities of 50 resveratrol (RV: 3, 5, 4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) derivatives were evaluated using a neuraminidase (NA) activity assay. The results showed that 35 compounds exerted an inhibitory effect on the NA activity of the influenza virus strain A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values ranging from 3.56 to 186.1 µm. Next, the 35 RV derivatives were used to develop 3D quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D QSAR) models for understanding the chemical-biological interactions governing their activities against NA. The comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA r2=0.973, q2=0.620, qtest2=0.661) and the comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA r2=0.956, q2=0.610, qtest2=0.531) were applied. Afterward, molecular docking was performed to study the molecular interactions between the RV derivatives and NA. Finally, a cytopathic effect (CPE) reduction assay was used to evaluate the antiviral effects of the RV derivatives in vitro. Time-of-addition studies demonstrated that the RV derivatives might have a direct effect on viral particle infectivity. Our results indicate that the RV derivatives are potentially useful antiviral compounds for new drug design and development for influenza treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/enzimologia , Neuraminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Estilbenos/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cães , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/virologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Resveratrol
15.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 66(6): 718-22, 2014 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25516521

RESUMO

This study is aimed to investigate the effects of high intracellular Mg²âº on L-type calcium channel in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. The cardiomyocytes were acutely isolated with enzyme digestion method. By adopting inside-out configuration of patch clamp technique, single channel currents of the L-type calcium channel were recorded under different intracellular Mg²âº concentrations ([Mg²âº]i). In control group, which was treated with 0.9 mmol/L Mg²âº, the relative activity of calcium channel was (176.5 ± 34.1)% (n = 7). When [Mg²âº]i was increased from 0.9 to 8.1 mmol/L (high Mg²âº group), the relative activities of calcium channel decreased to (64.8 ± 18.1)% (n = 6, P < 0.05). Moreover, under 8.1 mmol/L Mg²âº, the mean open time of calcium channel was shortened to about 25% of that under control condition (P < 0.05), but the mean close time of calcium channel was not altered. These results suggest that high intracellular Mg²âº may inhibit the activities of L-type calcium channel, which is mainly due to the shortening of the mean open time of single L-type calcium channel.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/fisiologia , Magnésio/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Animais , Cobaias , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp
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