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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956439

RESUMO

Ethylene production from oxidative coupling of methane is a sustainable and economically attractive alternative to that through traditional hydrocarbon cracking technology. However, efficient ethylene separation from the complex reaction mixture is a daunting challenge that hinders the practical adoption of this technology. Herein, we report the efficient adsorptive separation of the CH4/CO2/C2H4/C2H6 mixture using three representative metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) (UTSA-74, MOF-74, and HKUST-1) with diverse open metal sites. The efficient separation relies on tuning the selectivity through the convergence of characteristics including Lewis acidity of open metal sites, pore space, and cooperative binding behavior. The separation performance of these materials has been evaluated through single-component gas adsorption and dynamic breakthrough experiments. HKUST-1 provides the highest separation potential (4.1 mmol/g) thanks to its simultaneously high ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) selectivity and ethylene adsorption capacity, representing a benchmark material for such a challenging quaternary separation.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 513, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962555

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The mechanism of postoperative nausea and vomiting after TACE is not clear. This study retrospectively analyzed the patient data to explore the mechanism and risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting after TACE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 221 patients who underwent TACE in the interventional department from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected. Including: gender, age, liver function before TACE, etiology of liver cirrhosis, BCLC stage of hepatocellular carcinoma, preoperative use of analgesic drugs, preoperative limosis, previous history of vomiting, history of kinetosis, smoking history, history of drinking, chemotherapeutic drugs used during TACE, Dosage of lipiodol, and occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: There were 116 cases of nausea after TACE, using binary logistic regression analysis, Sig: ALT0.003; ALP0.000; history of vomiting 0.043; kinetosis 0.006; history of alcohol consumption 0.011; preoperative limosis 0.006; dosage of lipiodol (5-10 mL) 0.029, dosage of lipiodol (> 10 mL) 0.001.There were 89 cases of vomiting after TACE, all accompanied by nausea, Sig: ALP0.000; BCLC stage (B) 0.007; kinetosis 0.034; chemotherapeutic drugs 0.015; dosage of lipiodol (5-10 ml) 0.015, dosage of lipiodol (> 10 ml) 0.000; patients used analgesics before TACE 0.034. CONCLUSIONS: Causes of post-TACE nausea and vomiting included operative trauma, aseptic inflammation caused by ischemia and hypoxia, chemotherapeutic drugs, ischemia of liver and bile duct, stress and pain during TACE, and patient factors. ALP, BCLC stage, kinetosis, chemotherapeutic drugs, dosage of lipiodol, and preoperative usage of analgesics were risk factors affecting nausea and vomiting after TACE.

3.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the high morbidity and mortality of lung cancer and the high incidence of pulmonary nodules, clearly distinguishing benign from malignant lung nodules at an early stage is of great significance. However, determining the kind of lung nodule which is more prone to lung cancer remains a problem worldwide. METHODS: A total of 480 patients with pulmonary nodule data were collected from Shandong, China. We assessed the clinical characteristics and computed tomography (CT) imaging features among pulmonary nodules in patients who had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy from 2013 to 2018. Preliminary selection of features was based on a statistical analysis using SPSS. We used WEKA to assess the machine learning models using its multiple algorithms and selected the best decision tree model using its optimization algorithm. RESULTS: The combination of decision tree and logistics regression optimized the decision tree without affecting its AUC. The decision tree structure showed that lobulation was the most important feature, followed by spiculation, vessel convergence sign, nodule type, satellite nodule, nodule size and age of patient. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that decision tree analyses can be applied to screen individuals for early lung cancer with CT. Our decision tree provides a new way to help clinicians establish a logical diagnosis by a stepwise progression method, but still needs to be validated for prospective trials in a larger patient population.

4.
Chemistry ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939857

RESUMO

Owing to their highly designable and tunable features, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been extensively investigated and developed in a wide range of applications. However, due to their crystalline nature, poor manipulation and processability restrict their practical implementation. In this context, the development of membranous MOF-polymer hybrid materials is an effective approach to address these shortcomings. This minireview provides a systematic overview on the construction of MOF-polymer hybrid membranes and emphasizes their functions, including separation, ion conduction, and sensing, and points out a perspective on their future directions.

5.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 182, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are effective treatment methods for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there is still a lack of clinical research on whether early sequential RFA, compared with late combination therapy, can improve the long-term efficacy of initial TACE treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated a cohort of patients who underwent combination therapy using TACE and RFA (TACE followed by RFA) from January 2010 to January 2020 at our medical centre. A total of 96 patients underwent TACE combined with early RFA (usually during the first hospitalization), which was called TACE + eRFA. Thirty-four patients received 1-2 palliative TACE treatments first and then underwent TACE treatment combined with late RFA (TACE + lRFA). All patients continued to receive palliative TACE treatments after intrahepatic lesion progression until reaching intolerance. The overall survival (OS) rate, time to tumour progression (TTP), tumour response rate and major complication rates were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the median OS (46 months vs 33 months; P = 0.013), median TTP (28 months vs 14 months; P < 0.00), objective response rate (ORR) (89.6% vs 61.8%, P = 0.000) and disease control rate (DCR) (94.8% vs 73.5% P = 0.002) between the two groups. Multivariable analysis revealed that the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage was an independent risk factor for OS. Meanwhile, multivariable analysis revealed that TACE + eRFA was associated with an enhanced TTP. CONCLUSION: Early sequential RFA treatment in patients with early-intermediate HCC can improve local tumour control and clinical outcomes while reducing the frequency of TACE treatment. In clinical practice, in HCC patients initially treated with TACE, it is recommended to combine RFA as soon as possible to obtain long-term survival.

7.
ISA Trans ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858662

RESUMO

Several methods to improve stabilization conditions of Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy descriptor systems (TSFDS) are presented. First, we prove that with a modified non-quadratic fuzzy Lyapunov function and a PDC controller, stabilization problems of TSFDS are reformulated as checking negativity of "triple" fuzzy summations, and then relaxed methods of T-S fuzzy systems can be directly applied to descriptor systems. In the sequel, two relaxed methods are extended to TSFDS based on slack decision variables and Polya's Theorem, respectively, but these conditions are only sufficient. Second, we design a non-quadratic fuzzy Lyapunov function which simultaneously consists of membership functions of derivative matrices and state matrices, and it generalizes previous related Lyapunov functions. Then with a non-PDC controller, not only sufficient but asymptotically necessary conditions for TSFDS are presented based on Polya's theorem. All conditions are cast into LMIs, and simulation examples illustrate improvements and effectiveness of these methods.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860422

RESUMO

Remediation of soil contaminated with cadmium (Cd) that can produce rice enriched with selenium (Se) is highly significant for improving the public health in China. A key issue needing resolution in this regard is the simultaneous immobilization of Cd and mobilization of Se. To explore a potential promising method to remediate median-high Se soil that is contaminated by Cd, a potted experiment was conducted, and seven combined amendments (0.03-0.12% lime, 0.03-0.18% bentonite, and 0.3-1.2% biochar of the dry soil weight) were used to immobilize Cd in three paddy soils, in which the concentrations of Cd and Se are 0.46 and 0.45 mg/kg, 1.12 and 0.33 mg/kg, and 2.96 and 0.31 mg/kg, respectively. The soil pH increased by 1.5-2 units after the application of the amendments, and the soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration increased notably with the addition of large quantities of biochar. As the pH and SOC concentration increased, the concentrations of the available Cd in the soil decreased by 35-50%, and the FTIR spectrum showed that O-containing groups and Si-O facilitated the Cd immobilization. The concentration of Cd in brown rice decreased with a decrease in the available Cd. There was no apparent correlation between the Se concentration in the brown rice and the concentration of the available Se in the soil, although the available Se increased by 40-80% after the application of amendments. The accumulation of Se in rice grains was regulated by interactions among the lime, bentonite, biochar, and the soil. An SEM-EDS analysis showed that the biochar particles were covered with bentonite and other soil minerals that could postpone biochar aging and contribute to the longevity of the combined amendments in the soil.

9.
Respiration ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has indicated that small airway dysfunction (SAD) contributes to the clinical expression of asthma. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the relationships of SAD assessed by forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% (FEF25-75%), with clinical and inflammatory profile and treatment responsiveness in asthma. METHOD: In study I, dyspnea intensity (Borg scale), chest tightness, wheezing and cough (visual analog scales, VASs), and pre- and post-methacholine challenge testing (MCT) were analyzed in asthma patients with SAD and non-SAD. In study II, asthma subjects with SAD and non-SAD underwent sputum induction, and inflammatory mediators in sputum were detected. Asthma patients with SAD and non-SAD receiving fixed treatments were prospectively followed up for 4 weeks in study III. Spirometry, Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), and Asthma Control Test (ACT) were carried out to define treatment responsiveness. RESULTS: SAD subjects had more elevated ΔVAS for dyspnea (p = 0.027) and chest tightness (p = 0.032) after MCT. Asthma patients with SAD had significantly elevated interferon (IFN)-γ in sputum (p < 0.05), and Spearman partial correlation found FEF25-75% significantly related to IFN-γ and interleukin-8 (both having p < 0.05). Furthermore, multivariable regression analysis indicated SAD was significantly associated with worse treatment responses (decrease in ACQ ≥0.5 and increase in ACT ≥3) (p = 0.022 and p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that SAD in asthma predisposes patients to greater dyspnea intensity and chest tightness during bronchoconstriction. SAD patients with asthma are characterized by non-type 2 inflammation that may account for poor responsiveness to therapy.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725678

RESUMO

Producing defect-free and large-lateral-size 2D materials via cost-effective methods is important for mass application. Recently, shear exfoliation showed great promise for large-scale production due to its simple operation, environmental-benignity, and wide adaptability. However, a long-standing challenge is that with more nanosheets produced, a ceiling yield and shattered products are encountered, which significantly limit their wider application. The way and efficiency of energy transfer in fluid is undoubtedly the key point in determining the exfoliation efficiency, yet there has no in-deep mechanism elucidation so far. Thus, a thorough investigation regarding the turbulence energy transfer is critically necessary. Herein, we identify two main factors which critically determine the exfoliation yield and provide a statistical analysis on the relationship between these factors and exfoliation yield. In the initial shearing process, the coexistence of the 2D nanosheets and raw particles is the dominant factor; with time passes by, the dimensional change of raw materials gradually shows more influence on the energy transfer. These factors together lead to attenuated efficiency and a power function relationship between yield and exfoliation time. This investigation gives a statistical explanation regarding shear exfoliation technology for 2D materials preparation and provides valuable insights for mechanical exfoliating high-quality 2D materials.

12.
Adv Mater ; 33(15): e2008020, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690942

RESUMO

Due to increasing food-safety issues, exploiting efficient approaches for food quality assessment and instrumentation has attracted concerns worldwide. Herein, a smart evaluation system based on a fluorescent metal-organic framework (MOF) is developed for real-time visual monitoring of food freshness. Via post-synthetic modification, a ratiometric fluorescent MOF probe is constructed by covalently coupling fluorescein 5-isothiocyanate (5-FITC) with NH2 -rich lanthanide MOF. The probes exhibit a dual-emissive-responsive to biogenic amine, resulting in an increase in FITC emission along with a decrease in Eu3+ emission accompanied by a clear distinguishable color transition from orange red to green. After doping the probes on a flexible substrate, the obtained MOF composite film can be integrated with a smartphone-based portable platform easily. It is proved that this smart evaluation system can be used for on-site inspection of the freshness of raw fish samples. This work develops a fluorescent MOF-based smart evaluation system as a novel platform for application in food monitoring, which not only has enormous economic value but also holds great public health significance.

14.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 75, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the strain Paenibacillus polymyxa HX-140, isolated from the rhizosphere soil of rape, to control Fusarium wilt of cucumber seedlings caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum. RESULTS: Strain HX-140 was able to produce protease, cellulase, ß-1,3-glucanase and antifungal volatile organic compounds. An in vitro dual culture test showed that strain HX-140 exhibited broad spectrum antifungal activity against soil-borne plant pathogenic fungi. Strain HX-140 also reduced the infection of Fusarium wilt of cucumber seedlings by 55.6% in a greenhouse pot experiment. A field plot experiment confirmed the biocontrol effects and further revealed that antifungal activity was positively correlated with inoculum size by the root-irrigation method. Here, inoculums at 106 107 and 108 cfu/mL of HX-140 bacterial suspension reduced the incidence of Fusarium wilt of cucumber seedling by 19.5, 41.1, and 50.9%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results suggest that P. polymyxa HX-140 has significant potential in the control of Fusarium wilt and possibly other fungal diseases of cucumber.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 414: 125484, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647609

RESUMO

The environmental spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from the direct application of traditional biological treatment systems for antibiotics in water is a potential public health threat. UV photolysis has been proved to be an efficient pretreatment method for antibacterial activity elimination, but the fate of antibiotic resistome in subsequent bioreactors fed with pretreated florfenicol (FLO) in synthetic wastewater is still unknown. Antibacterial activity in synthetic wastewater was effectively eliminated by UV irradiation pretreatment, and the diversity and abundance of detected ARGs in both aerobic and anaerobic bioreactors were significantly lower than those without pretreatment. Meanwhile, UV irradiation pretreatment shaped the structure and composition of sludge microbial communities in the subsequent bioreactors closer to those of the FLO-free groups. The relative abundances of Pseudomonas and Escherichia-Shigella working as the potential hosts of ARGs were significantly reduced in aerobic and anaerobic bioreactors, respectively. The significantly positive correlation between floR and intI1 and the decrease of intI1 abundance in UV photolytic pretreatment groups indicated that the horizontal transfer of floR was decreased. The study provides new insights into the effect of preferential UV photolysis as a pretreatment method on the source control of antibiotic resistome in subsequent biological treatment process.

16.
Theranostics ; 11(8): 3607-3623, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664851

RESUMO

Background: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) dissipates chemical energy as heat and has the potential to be a protective strategy to prevent obesity. microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as important posttranscriptional factors affecting the thermogenic function of BAT. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying miRNA-mediated energy metabolism in BAT is not fully understood. Here, we explored the roles of miR-22 in BAT thermogenesis and energy metabolism. Methods: Using global and conditional knockout mice as in vivo models and primary brown adipocytes as an in vitro system, we investigated the function of miR-22 in BAT thermogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Results: miR-22 expression was upregulated in BAT in response to cold exposure and during brown preadipocyte differentiation. Both global and conditional knockout mice displayed BAT whitening, impaired cold tolerance, and decreased BAT thermogenesis. Moreover, we found that miR-22 deficiency impaired BAT glycolytic capacity, which is critical for thermogenesis. The mechanistic results revealed that miR-22 activated the mTORC1 signaling pathway by directly suppressing Tsc1 and concomitantly directly suppressing Hif1an, an inhibitor of Hif1α, which promotes glycolysis and maintains thermogenesis. Conclusions: Our findings identify miR-22 as a critical regulator in the control of thermogenesis in BAT and as a potential therapeutic target for human metabolic disorders.

17.
Water Res ; 194: 116926, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618108

RESUMO

The effects of anaerobic digestion (AD) on the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are highly related to operational temperature. However, the removal performance of ARGs in psychrophilic AD and changed temperatures simulating variable seasonal temperatures is poorly understood. Herein, we investigated the fate of ARGs, correlated bacterial communities and physicochemical properties of AD operation at psychrophilic (15 ℃), mesophilic (35 ℃), and temperature changed conditions (15 to 35 ℃ and 35 to 15 ℃). The results indicated that ammonia release was positively correlated with temperature. The mesophilic AD facilitated phosphorous intake and ARGs proliferation and selection with oxytetracycline (OTC), while psychrophilic AD was conducive to the removal and control of ARGs if no OTC existed. The diversity and composition of AD bacterial communities were influenced more by temperature than OTC. The dominant genera like Candidatus_Microthrix and Acinetobacter had dramatical abundance discrepancies at different temperatures and were obviously positively correlated with ARGs (tet39, tetC and mexD), mobile genetic elements (MGEs) intI, insert sequences (IS) and plasmid. The physicochemical properties of AD influenced the bacterial richness, which in turn significantly correlated with the ARGs abundances. Therefore, ARGs removal could be potentially optimized by eliminating bacterial hosts with deteriorated living conditions and decreased nutrients. This study clarified the response of antibiotic resistome to different temperature variation and highlighted the potential strategies for improved ARGs removal in AD.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Temperatura
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(5): 3270-3282, 2021 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566597

RESUMO

Microbial communities are believed to outperform monocultures in the complete catabolism of organic pollutants via reduced metabolic burden and increased robustness to environmental challenges; however, the interaction mechanism in functional microbiomes remains poorly understood. Here, three functionally differentiated activated sludge microbiomes (S1: complete catabolism of sulfamethoxazole (SMX); S2: complete catabolism of the phenyl part of SMX ([phenyl]-SMX) with stable accumulation of its heterocyclic product 3-amino-5-methylisoxazole (3A5MI); A: complete catabolism of 3A5MI rather than [phenyl]-SMX) were enriched. Combining time-series cultivation-independent microbial community analysis, DNA-stable isotope probing, molecular ecological network analysis, and cultivation-dependent function verification, we identified key players involved in the SMX degradation process. Paenarthrobacter and Nocardioides were primary degraders for the initial cleavage of the sulfonamide functional group (-C-S-N- bond) and 3A5MI degradation, respectively. Complete catabolism of SMX was achieved by their cross-feeding. The co-culture of Nocardioides, Acidovorax, and Sphingobium demonstrated that the nondegraders Acidovorax and Sphingobium were involved in the enhancement of 3A5MI degradation. Moreover, we unraveled the internal labor division patterns and connections among the active members centered on the two primary degraders. Overall, the proposed methodology is promisingly applicable and would help generate mechanistic, predictive, and operational understanding of the collaborative biodegradation of various contaminants. This study provides useful information for synthetic activated sludge microbiomes with optimized environmental functions.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Antibacterianos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Interações Microbianas , Esgotos , Sulfametoxazol
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125392, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609875

RESUMO

Complexly contaminated river sediment caused by reducible and oxidizable organic pollutants is a growing global concern due to the adverse influence on ecosystem safety and planetary health. How to strengthen indigenous microbial metabolic activity to enhance biodegradation and mineralization efficiency of refractory composite pollutants is critical but poorly understood in environmental biotechnology. Here, a synergetic biostimulation coupling electrode with zero-valent iron (ZVI) was investigated for the bioremediation of river sediments contaminated by 2,4,6-tribromophenol (TBP, reducible pollutant) and hydrocarbons (oxidizable pollutants). The bioremediation efficiency of ZVI based biostimulation coupling electrode against TBP debromination and hydrocarbons degradation were 1.1-3 times higher than the electrode used solely, which was attributed to the shape of distinctive microbial communities and the enrichment of potential dehalogenators (like Desulfovibrio, Desulfomicrobium etc.). The sediment microbial communities were significantly positively correlated with the enhanced degradation efficiencies of TBP and hydrocarbons (P < 0.05). Moreover, the coupled system predominately increased positive microbial interactions in the ecological networks. The possible mutual relationship between microbes i.e., Thiobacillus (iron-oxidizing bacteria) and Desulfovibrio (dehalogenator) as well as Pseudomonas (electroactive bacteria) and Clostridium (hydrocarbons degraders) were revealed. This study proposed a promising approach for efficient bioremediation of complexly contaminated river sediments.

20.
Respir Res ; 22(1): 68, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subjects with chronic respiratory symptoms and preserved pulmonary function (PPF) may have small airway dysfunction (SAD). As the most common means to detect SAD, spirometry needs good cooperation and its reliability is controversial. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) may complete the deficiency of spirometry and have higher sensitivity. We aimed to explore the diagnostic value of IOS to detect SAD in symptomatic subjects with PPF. METHODS: The evaluation of symptoms, spirometry and IOS results in 209 subjects with chronic respiratory symptoms and PPF were assessed. ROC curves of IOS to detect SAD were analyzed. RESULTS: 209 subjects with chronic respiratory symptoms and PPF were included. Subjects who reported sputum had higher R5-R20 and Fres than those who didn't. Subjects with dyspnea had higher R5, R5-R20 and AX than those without. CAT and mMRC scores correlated better with IOS parameters than with spirometry. R5, R5-R20, AX and Fres in subjects with SAD (n = 42) significantly increased compared to those without. Cutoff values for IOS parameters to detect SAD were 0.30 kPa/L s for R5, 0.015 kPa/L s for R5-R20, 0.30 kPa/L for AX and 11.23 Hz for Fres. Fres has the largest AUC (0.665, P = 0.001) among these parameters. Compared with spirometry, prevalence of SAD was higher when measured with IOS. R5 could detect the most SAD subjects with a prevalence of 60.77% and a sensitivity of 81% (AUC = 0.659, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: IOS is more sensitive to detect SAD than spirometry in subjects with chronic respiratory symptoms and PPF, and it correlates better with symptoms. IOS could be an additional method for SAD detection in the early stage of diseases.

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